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Sakamoto Shuichi - - 2010
Osteoblasts are the cells responsible for bone formation during embryonic development and adult life. Small compounds that could induce osteoblast differentiation might be promising sources of therapies for bone diseases such as osteoporosis. During screening for inducers of osteoblast differentiation of mouse pluripotent mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 cells, we isolated a small ...
Napolitano José G - - 2010
Toxin precursors: Corozalic acid, a new Ser/Thr protein phosphatase 1 and 2A inhibitor that turned out to be a key metabolic intermediate, was isolated from cultures of the marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum belizeanum. Detailed spectroscopic analysis and extensive computational calculations revealed its structure and conformational behavior. In addition, a comprehensive picture ...
Açikel U - - 2010
The microbial growth and activity of acid phosphatase enzyme during the growth of Rhizopus delemar in the presence or absence of Ni(II) ions were investigated. An increase in initial Ni(II) ion concentration inhibited both growth rate of R. delemar and acid phosphatase activity. The maximum-intrinsic specific growth rate (μ(m)) and ...
Orkwis Brianne R - - 2010
Evolution through natural selection suggests unnecessary genes are lost. We observed that the yeast Candida glabrata lost the gene encoding a phosphate-repressible acid phosphatase (PHO5) present in many yeasts including Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, C. glabrata still had phosphate starvation-inducible phosphatase activity. Screening a C. glabrata genomic library, we identified CgPMU2, ...
Pandey Manoj K MK Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2010
STAT3 activation has been associated with survival, proliferation and invasion of various human cancers. Whether betulinic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene, can modulate the STAT3 pathway, was investigated in human multiple myeloma (MM) cells. We found that betulinic acid inhibited constitutive activation of STAT3, Src kinase, JAK1 and JAK2. Pervanadate reversed ...
Lee Suk-Won - - 2012
Surface microgrooves and acid etching on titanium (Ti) have been proposed to enhance various cell behaviors. In this study, surface hydrophilicity, protein adsorption, and alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblasts were analyzed and compared between microgrooved Ti, Ti with microgrooves and further acid etching, smooth Ti, and acid-etched smooth Ti. Correlations ...
Wang Congyan - - 2010
With the continuing increase in human activities, ecologists are increasingly interested in understanding the effects of acid rain on litter decomposition. Two dominant litters were chosen from Zijin Mountain in China: Quercus acutissima from a broad-leaved forest and Pinus massoniana from a coniferous forest. The litters were incubated in microcosms ...
Selvaraj Anand - - 2010
Nutrients such as amino acids (aa) and glucose mediate mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling to control cell growth and metabolism. Recent studies (Yan et al., 2010) identify a contributor, PP2A phosphatase subunit PR61varepsilon, in regulating the aa-sensitive input to mTORC1.
Kaida Rumi - - 2010
It is not yet known whether dephosphorylation of proteins catalyzed by phosphatases occurs in the apoplastic space. In this study, we found that tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) purple acid phosphatase could dephosphorylate the phosphoryl residues of three apoplastic proteins, two of which were identified as alpha-xylosidase and beta-glucosidase. The dephosphorylation and ...
Aburai N - - 2010
Protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) dephosphorylates a broad range of substrates and regulates apoptosis, stress response and growth-related pathways. In the course of screening for PP2C activators from natural sources, we isolated abietane-type diterpenes, pisiferdiol and pisiferic acid from Chamaecyparis pisifera. Pisiferdiol having a unique seven-membered ring showed more specific PP2C ...
Wagner C - - 2010
Systemic acid-base balance is primarily controlled by the renal excretion of acids and the exhalation of CO2 and both processes are tightly regulated and coordinated. Acid excretion into urine requires the formation of ammonium and its transport into urine as gaseous ammonia. Until recently it has been believed that NH3 ...
Hu Weimin - - 2010
Marine dinoflagellates of the genus Prorocentrum are famous for the production of okadaic acid (OA) and its analogues. This review covers first the source, chemistry and bioactivity of polyketides from Prorocentrum species. Then recent advances in the studies of biosynthetic origin of OA and its analogues are included. Moreover, the ...
Child Robert - - 2010
The intracellular pathogen Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia, a zoonosis that can affect humans with potentially lethal consequences. Essential to Francisella virulence is its ability to survive and proliferate within phagocytes through phagosomal escape and cytosolic replication. Francisella spp. encode a variety of acid phosphatases, whose roles ...
Wang Ruoyu - - 2010
Clostridium perfringens, a Gram-positive anaerobe, is a human pathogen that causes gas gangrene in muscle tissues. Its ability to grow and survive in the host is believed to be due to the production of numerous enzymes that enable the organism to obtain essential nutrients from the host. In this study, ...
Veeresh Babu S V - - 2010
Numerous plants have proven to improve uncontrolled growth of the prostate gland and improve urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Major components of those plants were lauric acid and myristic acid. Our study investigated whether lauric acid or myristic acid prevent testosterone induced prostatic hyperplasia in rats. Rats ...
Jonsson Claudio Mart?n - - 2010
The presence of copper in water environment may have detrimental effects on aquatic organisms, including algae, where different enzymatic systems can be affected. Algae acid phosphatase plays important roles in metabolic processes such as decomposition of organic phosphate, autophagic digestive process, recycling cellular materials and zygote formation during reproduction. This ...
Olczak Mariusz - - 2009
Yellow lupin diphosphonucleotide phosphatase/phosphodiesterase (PPD1) represents a novel group of enzymes. Here we report that it possesses one iron atom and one manganese atom (1:1 molar ratio) per subunit. The enzyme exhibits visible absorption maximum at approximately 530 nm. Prolonged oxidation of PPD1 leads to loss of the charge-transfer band ...
An Tianying - - 2010
Extracts of fifty-seven newly isolated strains of dinoflagellates and raphidophytes were screened for protein phosphatase (PP2A) inhibition. Five strains, identified by rDNA sequence analysis as Prorocentrum rhathymum, tested positive and the presence of okadaic acid was confirmed in one strain by HPLC-MS/MS and by HPLC with fluorescence detection and HPLC-MS ...
Albrecht Remy - - 2010
The aim of this work was to study the activity level of alkaline and acid phosphatases during the composting of green wastes and sewage sludge and to determine relationships between biotic and abiotic properties of compost and phosphatase activities. This study has revealed a noticeable separation of phosphomonoesterase activities into ...
Guo Fujiang - - 2010
The hepatotoxin okadaic acid (OA) was incubated with nine human recombinant cytochrome P450s (1A1, 1A2, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1, 3A4 and 3A5). Both CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 converted OA to a mixture of the same four metabolites, but incubation with CYP3A4 resulted in higher levels of conversion. Michaelis-Menten parameters, K(m) ...
Cruz D G - - 2009
The use of Duddingtonia flagrans, a nematode-trapping fungus, has been investigated as a biological control method against free living larvae of gastrointestinal nematodes of livestock animals. This fungus captures and infects the nematode by cuticle penetration, immobilization and digestion of the internal contents. It has been suggested that this sequence ...
Kuang Ruibin - - 2009
Purple acid phosphatase (PAP) catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters and anhydrides to release phosphate within an acidic pH range. Among the 29 PAP-like proteins in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), AtPAP15 (At3g07130) displays a greater degree of amino acid identity with soybean (Glycine max; GmPHY) and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) PAP (NtPAP) ...
Caillaud A - - 2010
Protein phosphatase inhibition assay (PPIA), Neuroblastoma cell-based assay (Neuro-2a CBA) and LC-MS/MS analysis revealed for the first time the production of okadaic acid (OA) by a Prorocentrum rhathymum strain. Low amounts of OA were detected by LC-MS/MS analysis. Inhibition of PP2A activity and a weak toxicity to the Neuro-2a CBA ...
Jenkins Russell W - - 2009
Acid sphingomyelinase occupies a prominent position in sphingolipid catabolism, catalyzing the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphorylcholine. Enzymatic dysfunction of acid sphingomyelinase results in Niemann-Pick disease, a lysosomal storage disorder characterized at the cellular level by accumulation of sphingomyelin within the endo-lysosomal compartment. Over the past decade interest in ...
Cher Charmian - - 2010
Protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) is an important protein phosphatase that is abundantly expressed in the central nervous system. Recent studies showed that PP5 activity in the neocortex from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is decreased significantly, suggesting that small molecule PP5 activator may have therapeutic potential for AD. We performed ...
Zimmermann Herbert - - 2009
Two recent papers reveal that the soluble and secreted prostatic acid phosphatase, an enzyme that has long served as a diagnostic marker for prostate cancer, has a membrane-bound splice variant. This enzyme exhibits ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity, is widely distributed, and implicated in the formation of chronic pain. While prostatic acid phosphatase ...
Goto Takahiro - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the clinical significance of acid phosphatase in giant cell tumour of bone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum acid phosphatase levels were measured in 32 patients with this tumour both preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Serum acid phosphatase value before surgery was high in ...
Kato-Noguchi Hisashi - - 2009
Momilactone A and B have been found only in rice and the moss, Hypnum plumaeforme, although both plants are taxonomically quite distinct. The endogenous concentrations of momilactone A and B in H. plumaeforme were 58.7 and 24.3 microg/g dry weight, respectively. UV-irradiation increased the concentrations of momilactone A and B. ...
Allam J-P - - 2009
Increased numbers of mast cells (MCs) in the testis have been associated with testicular dysfunction, where accumulation of MCs occurs. Furthermore, it has been reported that MCs might affect sperm function as it has been demonstrated that MC-derived tryptase in the seminal fluid might reduce sperm motility. Although MCs have ...
Kumar Pradeep - - 2009
Ferulic acid, umbelliferone (Ferula asafoetida), eugenol (Syzygium aromaticum) and limonene (Carum carvi) are active molluscicidal components that inhibited the activity of alkaline phosphatase and acetylcholinesterase in in vivo and in vitro exposure of Lymnaea acuminata. It was observed that ferulic acid, umbelliferone and eugenol are competitive and limonene is a ...
Jenkins Russell W - - 2009
Acid sphingomyelinase occupies a prominent position in sphingolipid catabolism, catalyzing the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to ceramide and phosphorylcholine. Enzymatic dysfunction of acid sphingomyelinase results in Niemann-Pick disease, a lysosomal storage disorder characterized at the cellular level by accumulation of sphingomyelin within the endo-lysosomal compartment. Over the past decade interest in ...
Hong Myoung-Ki - - 2009
Nudix hydrolases are a family of proteins that contains the Nudix signature of the characteristic amino-acid sequence Gx(5)Ex(5) [UA]xREx(2)EExGU, where x represents any amino acid and U usually a bulky hydrophobic amino acid, such as Leu, Val, or Ile. They ubiquitously exist in more than 200 species. YmfB, a novel ...
Georgieva Dessislava - - 2009
The acid phosphatase Api m 3 is the major allergen of the honeybee venom. Except for the amino acid sequence, no other structural information for the enzyme is available. We applied homology modeling to assign the three-dimensional structure of Api m 3. The structure of the homodimeric human prostatic acid ...
Stepanov Alexander G - - 2008
Herein, we analyze earlier obtained and new data about peculiarities of the H/D hydrogen exchange of small C(1)-n-C(4) alkanes on Zn-modified high-silica zeolites ZSM-5 and BEA in comparison with the exchange for corresponding purely acidic forms of these zeolites. This allows us to identify an evident promoting effect of Zn ...
Saito Youhei - - 2009
Hsp105alpha and Hsp105beta are mammalian stress proteins of the Hsp105/110 family. We have shown that Hsp105beta localizes to the nucleus, whereas Hsp105alpha localizes to the cytoplasm of mammalian cells. Hsp105alpha localizes in the cytoplasm, as the nuclear export signal (NES) activity rather than nuclear localization signal (NLS) activity dominates in ...
McGeary Ross P - - 2009
Purple acid phosphatases (PAPs) are binuclear hydrolases that catalyse the hydrolysis of a range of phosphorylated substrates. Human PAP is a major histochemical marker for the diagnosis of osteoporosis. In patients suffering from this disorder, PAP activity contributes to increased bone resorption and, therefore, human PAP is a key target ...
Ahn Kook-Hee - - 2009
1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) has been shown to selectively inhibit mitochondrial function and induce a parkinsonism-like syndrome. MPP(+) stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces cell death in vitro. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of okadaic acid on MPP(+)-induced cell death in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. ...
Hamazaki Tomohito - - 2009
In cases of essential fatty acid deficiency, 5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (Mead acid, 20:3n-9) is synthesized from oleic acid as a 20-carbon analog of arachidonic acid. It was reported that 20:3n-9 levels were markedly higher in human fetal cartilage than in the muscle, liver and spleen. We, therefore, hypothesized that 20:3n-9 decreased ...
Rossignoli Araceli E - - 2008
The distribution of okadaic acid between the digestive and the secretory cells of the digestive gland of Mytilus galloprovincialis was studied for the main purpose of determining if they might be responsible for the two-compartment depuration kinetics found in previous studies. The two cell types did not accumulate okadaic acid ...
Lee Su-Ui - - 2008
In the field of osteoporosis, there has been growing interest in anabolic agents that enhance bone mass and improve bone architecture. In this study, we demonstrated that the ubiquitous plant triterpenoid, ursolic acid, enhances differentiation and mineralization of osteoblasts in vitro. We found that ursolic acid induced the expression of ...
Krieglstein Josef - - 2008
In previous work we have demonstrated that protein phosphatase type 2C (PP2C) alpha and beta can be activated by mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) leading to apoptosis of cultured endothelial cells. In the present paper we could show that saturated fatty acids (SFAs) did not activate PP2C and did not cause ...
Beassoni Paola R - - 2008
Phosphorylcholine phosphatase (PchP) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a product of the PA5292 gene, catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphocholine to choline and inorganic phosphate (Pi). Phosphocholine is produced after hemolytic phospholipase C (PlcH) acts upon phosphatidylcholine or sphingomyelin. Therefore, PlcH and PchP are involved in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa. PchP belongs ...
Pramanik P - - 2009
In this experiment, three microbial strains were inoculated in two different organic wastes to study their effect on the humic acids content, acid phosphatase activity and microbial properties of the final stabilized products. Pyrophosphate extract of vermicomposts were analyzed through polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to study the nature of a isozymes ...
Jung Yu-Sun - - 2008
Immunomodulating activities of water-soluble exopolysaccharides (LL-EX) obtained from submerged mycelial culture of Lentinus lepideus were studied and their effectiveness was compared with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The influence of the LL-EX on macrophage cellular lysosomal enzyme activity was to stimulate up to 267%, 392%, and 464% at the level of 10, 50, ...
Oliveira Kívia A P - - 2008
In the present study we analyzed the mechanisms of simvastatin toxicity for the PC3 human prostate cancer cell line. At 10 microM, simvastatin induced principally apoptosis, which was prevented by mevalonic acid but not by cyclosporin A, the inhibitor of calcineurin and mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). At 60 microM, simvastatin ...
Gimeno Ruth E - - 2008
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferases (GPATs; EC2.3.1.15) catalyze the first step in the de novo synthesis of neutral lipids (triglycerides) and glycerophospholipids. The existence of multiple enzyme isoforms with GPAT activity was predicted many years ago when GPAT activities with distinct kinetic profiles and sensitivity to inhibitors were characterized in two subcellular compartments, ...
Yeang Calvin - - 2008
Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS) sits at the crossroads of sphingomyelin (SM), ceramide, diacylglycerol (DAG) metabolism. It utilizes ceramide and phosphatidylcholine as substrates to produce SM and DAG, thereby regulating lipid messengers which play a role in cell survival and apoptosis. There are two isoforms of the enzyme, SMS1 and SMS2. Both ...
Ullah Abul H J - - 2008
Fungal phytases belonging to "histidine acid phosphatase" or HAP class of phosphohydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of phytic acid could also hydrolyze O-phospho-L-tyrosine, which is also called phosphotyrosine. Two phytases from Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus awamori with pH optima 2.5 were tested for phosphotyrosine hydrolase activity; both enzymes cleaved the ...
Vovk Andriy I - - 2008
The inhibition effects of enantiomerically pure alpha-(N-benzylamino)benzylphosphonic acids and their derivatives on human prostatic acid phosphatase have been investigated. As expected, (R)-alpha-(N-benzylamino)benzylphosphonic acid demonstrated higher affinity for the enzyme than (S)-enantiomer. At the same time, (1R,2S)-phenyl[(1-phenylethyl)amino]methylphosphonic acid was found to be a significantly weaker inhibitor than its (1S,2R)-analogue. The enantioselectivity ...
Wang R - - 2008
Carnosic acid is a strong dietary antioxidant derived from rosemary. Here, we have demonstrated that carnosic acid decreased viability of the human promyelocytic leukaemia cell line, HL-60, in dose- and time-dependent manners, and induced G(1) arrest and apoptosis. Carnosic acid also augmented these effects when induced by a low (physiological) ...
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