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Li Lu - - 2013
Multifunctional fluorescent-magnetic pH-responsive eccentric-(concentric-Fe(3)O(4)@SiO(2))@polyacrylic acid core-double shell nanocomposites (NCs) have been prepared for simultaneous cell imaging and pH-responsive drug delivery. To confirm the universality of the synthetic concept, the synthetic strategy was also extended to fabricate monodisperse eccentric-(concentric-NaYF(4):Yb/Er/Gd@SiO(2))@polyacrylic acid core-double shell NCs.
Tambo Koharu - - 2013
Human amyloid-β peptide 1-42 (Aβ) was subjected to a radical reaction by using ascorbic acid and CuCl(2). The percentage of D-aspartic acid (D-Asp) after 24 h had increased to 6.69 ± 0.09%, this being comparable with the reported D-Asp concentration of purified core amyloids in Alzheimer's disease patients. This racemization ...
Wang Ming Li - - 2013
Peanut seeds contain high amounts of oil and protein as well as some useful bioactive phytochemicals which can contribute to human health. The U.S. peanut mini-core collection is an important genetic resource for improving seed quality and developing new cultivars. Variability of seed chemical composition within the mini-core was evaluated ...
Khamverdi Zahra - - 2013
[This corrects the article on p. 187 in vol. 4, PMID: 23236569.].
Avaji Prakash G - - 2013
Saturated fatty acids (FA) were grafted using tyrosine as a spacer group to the cyclotriphosphazene ring along with equimolar hydrophilic methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG) in cis-nongeminal way. Seven new cyclotriphosphazene amphiphiles were prepared from combinations of hydrophilic MPEGs with different molecular weights of 350, 550, 750 and 1000 and four ...
Biermann Michael - - 2013
In this study, a precise and reliable ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of non-canonical (norvaline and norleucine) and standard amino acids (aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, histidine, glycine, threonine, arginine, tyrosine, methionine, valine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, leucine) in biopharmaceutical-related fermentation processes was established. After pre-column derivatization ...
Falade Olumuyiwa S - - 2013
Methionine, cysteine, tryptophan, and available lysine were determined in Acacia colei and A. tumida seeds and some cereals using chemical methods, and the results were compared to those obtained using an amino acid analyzer. Ba(OH)2 hydrolysis gave the best result of the three methods of hydrolysis (acid, base, and enzyme) ...
Namiki Yoshihisa - - 2013
Lipidic magnetic nanoparticles are a rapid and reliable magnet-guided nucleic acid delivery system, which we have named as "LipoMag" (Namiki et al., Nat. Nanotechnol 4:598-606, 2009). LipoMag is composed of a cationic lipid shell, an oleic acid binder, and an iron oxide nanocrystal core. Through the electrostatic force, positively charged ...
Ono Machiko - - 2013
Alkaline hydrolysis of 4-hydroxy- or/and 5-hydroxy-(2E)-alkenoate followed by acid treatment gave the corresponding (2E)-alkenoic acids which were subjected to lactone formation reaction without further purification. The crude acids were treated with 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride in pyridine to afford γ-lactone or δ-lactone, respectively, accompanied by trans-cis isomerization. By this procedure, (±)-(4,5)-trans-5-benzyloxy-2-hexen-4-olide (90% ...
Xu Yawei - - 2013
Glyco-specific enrichment methods for mass spectrometry pretreatment are invaluable for the detection of low abundant glycoproteins or glycopeptides. For example, boronic acid can specifically interact with glycans in nonaqueous or basic aqueous solutions. Here, we describe a glyco-specific enrichment method which uses a boronic acid-functionalized "core-satellite" composite nanoparticle to isolate ...
Szekeres Márta - - 2013
Despite the large efforts to prepare super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) for biomedical applications, the number of FDA or EMA approved formulations is few. It is not known commonly that the approved formulations in many instances have already been withdrawn or discontinued by the producers; at present, hardly any ...
Antunes Luis Caetano M - - 2013
Chagas disease is a trypanosomiasis whose causative agent is the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to humans by hematophagous insects known as triatomines and affects a large proportion of South America. The digestive tract of the insect vectors in which T. cruzi develops constitutes a dynamic environment that ...
Sišková Karolína M - - 2013
Owing to Mössbauer spectroscopy, an advanced characterization technique for iron-containing materials, the present study reveals previously unknown possibilities using l-amino acids for the generation of magnetic particles. Based on our results, a simple choice of the order of l-amino acids addition into a reaction mixture containing ferrous ions leads to ...
Williams John D - - 2013
6-Cyanobenzo[b]furan-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (10) is a potentially useful 2-point scaffold for the construction of specific compounds or compound libraries with benzofuran cores. Using a per-iodination/de-iodination strategy coupled with a Sonogashira alkynylation and Cu-catalyzed heteroannulation, we have developed a procedure that allows the preparation of benzo[b]furan-6-carbonitrile (9) and 6-cyanobenzo[b]furan-2-boronic acid ...
Yanai Hikaru H School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan. - - 2013
The reaction of 1,1-bis(triflyl)ethylene generated in situ with enolizable carbonyls yielded δ-oxo-1,1-bis(triflyl)alkane derivatives. Their acidities in both the gas and solution phases were determined.
Gronwald Oliver O BASF SE, GMV/P - B1, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany. - - 2013
This article describes the synthesis and characterization of a novel crosslinked polymer with tricyanuric acid core bearing tetrasulfide bridges as a novel redox polymerization electrode material for rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries. The new material was synthesized by reaction of stoichiometric sulfur monochloride amounts with trithiocyanuric acid and the structure of the ...
Maswal Masrat - - 2013
Citral is a flavour component widely used in food and cosmetic industries, but is chemically unstable and degrades over time in aqueous solutions due to acid-catalysed and oxidative reactions leading to loss of desirable flavour. The present study reveals the effect of non-ionic micellar solutions of Brij30 and Brij35 on ...
Kim Tae Hyun - - 2012
Ethanol production from poplar sawdust using sulfuric acid-assisted continuous twin screw-driven reactor (CTSR) pretreatment followed by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) was investigated. Pretreatment with high acid concentration increased the cellulose content in the pretreated solid (74.9-76.9% in the range of 4.0-5.5wt.% H(2)SO(4)). The sugar content (XMG; xylan+mannan+galactan) in the ...
Pott Robert W M - - 2012
The growth of the biodiesel industry, and its concurrent production of glycerol, has lowered the price of glycerol 20-fold. While many options for using this glycerol have been proposed, the size of the waste stream means that generation of fuels is likely to be the only viable route. One such ...
Sun Yanchun - - 2012
A rapid, sensitive, and reliable ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled with photodiode array detection method was developed for the amino acid analysis of Amur sturgeon (Acipenser schrenckii Brandt). The method uses minimal sample volume and automated online precolumn derivitization of amino acids with fluorescent 6-aminoquinolyl-carbamyl reagent. The chromatographic separation was ...
Janvier Florence F Laboratory of Biorheology and Medical Ultrasonics, University of Montreal Hospital Research Center (CRCHUM), Montréal, Québec, Canada H2L - - 2013
Elevated red blood cell (RBC) aggregation increases low-shear blood viscosity and is closely related to several pathophysiological diseases such as atherosclerosis, thrombosis, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and hereditary chronic hemolytic conditions. Non-ionic linear polymers such as poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and Pluronic F68 have shown inhibitory effects against RBC aggregation. However, hypersensitivity ...
Kano Koji - - 2012
A supramolecular diatomic receptor, hemoCD, was modified with PEGylated dendrons to extend its circulation time in the bloodstream. The core component was 4-oxo-4-[[4-(10,15,20-tris(4-sulfonatophenyl)-21H,23H-porphin-5-yl)phenyl]amino]butanoic acid (Por-COOH). The building block of the dendrons was Fmoc-4-amino-4-(2-carboxyethyl)heptanedioic acid (FmocTA), which was condensed with α-amino-ω-methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG5000-NH2) to yield an FmocG1-dendron. After deprotection, the G1-dendron ...
De Moliner Fabio - - 2012
A concise synthesis of two pharmacologically relevant classes of molecules possessing the imidazoquinoxaline core is reported. The protocol involves use of 1,2-phenylenediamines and glyoxylic acid derivatives, namely ethyl glyoxylate or benzylglyoxamide, along with tosylmethylisocyanides in a microwave-assisted Van Leusen three-component condensation. Subsequent unmasking (Boc removal) of an internal amino-nucleophile promotes ...
Kupal Sidhendra G - - 2012
Chemo-selective chemistry is one of the main synthetic strategies for the design of bioactive constructs. In this contribution we report on the fabrication of core-shell microgel particles, obtained by "click chemistry" and "inverse emulsion droplets" technique. Azido and alkyne derivatives of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) in a 1:2 mole ratio ...
Kano Taichi - - 2012
An asymmetric synthesis of cyclic amino acids having piperidine and azepane core structures was realized starting from readily available glycine and alanine esters by combination of phase-transfer catalyzed asymmetric alkylation and subsequent reductive amination.
Maity Dipak - - 2012
Core-shell hydrophilic superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles, surface functionalized with either terephthalic acid or 2-amino terephthalic acid, showed large negative MRI contrast ability, validating the advantage of using low molecular weight and π-conjugated canopies for engineering functional nanostructures with superior performances.
Mazzone Jennifer R - - 2012
A synthetic approach to the papyracillic acid family of natural products has been developed. The spiroacetal core is rapidly assembled through an unprecedented zinc carbenoid-mediated tandem chain extension-acylation reaction. Subsequent functional group manipulation provided access to papyracillic acid B and 4-epi-papyracillic acid C. The successful preparation of these molecules resulted ...
Zhang Taiying - - 2013
Dilute oxalic acid pretreatment was applied to maple wood to improve compatibility with downstream operations, and its performance in pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis was compared to results for hydrothermal and dilute hydrochloric and sulfuric acid pretreatments. The highest total xylose yield of ∼84% of the theoretical maximum was for ...
Lawley Blair - - 2012
This article describes nucleic acid-based methods to assess the composition and function of the bowel microbiota. The methods range from the relatively simple (polymerase chain reaction) to the technically sophisticated (metatranscriptomics). Not all are accessible to the majority of laboratories, but a core of validated (used in more than 1 ...
Garbin Ulisse - - 2012
AIM: Expansion of necrotic core (NC), a major feature responsible for plaque disruption, is likely the consequence of accelerated macrophage apoptosis coupled with defective phagocytic clearance (efferocytosis). The cleavage of the extracellular domain of Mer tyrosine kinase (Mertk) by metallopeptidase domain17 (Adam17) has been shown to produce a soluble Mertk ...
Li Ping - - 2012
A core-shell structured mesoporous silica nanosphere with antagonistic acid and basic sites spatially isolated and designated diffusion path was fabricated and served as an efficient acid-base bifunctional catalyst for one-pot cascade reaction sequences with excellent activity and selectivity.
Song Yanting - - 2012
In this study, the separation efficiency of a core-shell particle column was compared with particle-packed and monolithic silica columns, which showed that the core-shell particle column had a smaller theoretical plate height and that its separation efficiency was not affected significantly by the increase in flow rate. A fast HPLC ...
Ghosh Santanu - - 2012
A Lewis acid catalyzed Friedel-Crafts reaction of electron rich aromatics with 3-alkyl-3-hydroxy-2-oxindole () has been developed. The methodology provides a straightforward access to the core of azonazine () sharing an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter at the tetracyclic ring junction.
Cai Quan - - 2012
Enantioselective construction of pyrroloindolines via chiral phosphoric acid catalyzed cascade Michael addition-cyclization of tryptamines has been realized. With 5 mol % of chiral phosphoric acid, enantioenriched pyrroloindoline derivatives were obtained in good yields and enantioselectivity (up to 95% yield and 83% ee) from readily available tryptamines and enones.
Shenoi Rajesh A - - 2012
Herein we report the synthesis of biodegradable hyperbranched polyglycerols (BHPGs) having acid-cleavable core structure by anionic ring opening multi-branching polymerization (ROMBP) of glycidol using initiators bearing dimethyl and cyclohexyl ketal groups. Five different multifunctional initiators carrying one to four ketal groups and hydroxyl groups per molecule were synthesized. The hydroxyl ...
Cruz-Morales Sara - - 2012
As part of an ongoing project to identify inhibitors of multidrug efflux pumps, three new resin glycosides, albinosides I-III (1-3), were isolated from a CHCl(3)-soluble extract from the seeds of moon vine (Ipomoea alba). Their structures were established through NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry as partially acylated branched pentasaccharides derived ...
Chaudhary Gaurav - - 2012
Different alkaline pretreatment methods (NaOH, NaOH+10% urea and aqueous ammonia) were optimized for maximum delignification of Saccharum spontaneum at 30°C. Maximum delignification were obtained as 47.8%, 51% and 48% from NaOH (7% NaOH, 48h, and 10% biomass loading), NaOH+urea (7% NaOH+10% urea, 48h and 10% biomass loading) and 30% ammonia ...
Liu Huaqing - - 2012
Teaching new tricks to an old dog: By intercepting adducts between ketones and lithium trimethylsilyldiazomethane, a new Tiffeneau-Demjanov type methylene homologation could be realized in a single-step operation. Among proton sources and Lewis acids, silica gel was found to be the most effective reagent for the protonation of intermediates and ...
Ahmad Tarmizi Azmil Haizam - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of atmospheric frying followed by drainage under vacuum on the stability of oil, compared to similar frying with drainage at atmospheric pressure. Changes in the oil were assessed by the free fatty acid (FFA) content, p-anisidine value (AnV), colour, viscosity, ...
Ovchinnikova Olga G - - 2012
Mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Providencia alcalifaciens O3 followed by GPC on Sephadex G-50 and anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Trisacryl M afforded neutral and acidic polysaccharides, LPS core oligosaccharide, and an oligosaccharide composed of one repeat of the neutral polysaccharide (O-unit) linked to the LPS core. The following ...
Strompfová V - - 2012
The impact of probiotic supplementation of canine-derived strain Lactobacillus fermentum AD1-CCM7421 in freeze-dried form on quantitative composition of microbiota and short-chain fatty acid profile in feces of dogs was demonstrated by two independent studies (straightforward repeated-measures model; study I: a dose of 2 g per dog for 2 weeks, 10(8) ...
Hill Tracy L - - 2012
Objective-To examine whether a zinc l-carnosine compound used for treatment of suspected gastric ulcers in dogs ameliorates acid-induced injury in canine gastric mucosa. Sample-Gastric mucosa from 6 healthy dogs. Procedures-Mucosa from the gastric antrum was harvested from 6 unadoptable shelter dogs immediately after euthanasia and mounted on Ussing chambers. The ...
Mahar Kelly M - - 2012
To further characterize the time course of gastric pH with respect to meals and gastric residence times (GRTs) in dogs, continuous pH measurements were recorded with Bravo® capsules, which were attached to the dogs' stomach mucosa or administered as free capsules, respectively. Experiments took place in home or study cages, ...
Sim Sang Eun - - 2012
Homogenous bis-sulfonic acid ionic liquids (1 mol equiv.) in DMSO (10 mol equiv.) at 100 °C efficiently mediated the conversion of D-fructose into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural in 75% isolated yield, which was roughly a 10% increment compared to the case of the mono-sulfonic acid ionic liquids.
Mehrabani D - - 2011
In patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), the repeated cycle of injury and repair of intestinal mucosa has been reported to increase the risk of colon cancer. So, a safe and efficient therapy is required for the treatment and prophylaxis for the disease.This study aims to investigate the efficacy of Calendula ...
Binter Claudia - - 2011
Fatty acids are essential for immune cell function. Maternal dietary fatty acid supply influences body fat composition of their offspring. As a first step to study immunonutritional interactions at an early age of pigs, four sows were fed a diet containing sunflower oil or oil from seal blubber during pregnancy ...
Krysiak Robert - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of fibrates and omega-3 fatty acids on lymphocyte secretory function and systemic inflammation in patients with isolated hypertriglyceridemia. The study included 107 patients with isolated hypertriglyceridemia who received bezafibrate (200 mg twice daily), omega-3 fatty acids (1 g twice daily) or placebo ...
Kaur Kirandeep K Department of Horticulture, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004 Punjab - - 2013
The fruits of semi-soft pear (Pyrus communis) cv. Punjab Beauty harvested at physiologically mature stage in 3rd week of July were packed in corrugated fiberboard boxes (CFB) with low density polyethylene (LDPE) liners, CFB with high density polyethylene (HDPE) liners, crates with LDPE liners, crates with HDPE liners, CFB, crates ...
Olejníková Petra - - 2011
Submerged growth of Trichoderma atroviride CCM F 534 on glucose-containing medium was accompanied by the excretion of organic acids (succinate, citrate, alpha-ketoglutarate, fumarate, aconitate). The excretion of succinate was transient. After 48-72 h cultivation, millimolar amounts of succinate disappeared from the medium. We studied the mechanism of the removal of succinate ...
Wagner Carsten A - - 2010
The formation of various types of kidney stones is strongly influenced by urinary pH. An alkaline pH favors the crystallization of calcium- and phosphate-containing stones, whereas and acidic urine pH promotes uric acid or cystine stones. The activity of many transport processes involved in calcium, citrate and phosphate handling are ...
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