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Results 351 - 400 of 1165
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Mylvaganam M - - 2000
A new oxidation protocol for the cleavage of sphingosine double bonds is described. The procedure is applicable to both natural and deacyl glycolipids and can be applied to microgram quantities of precursors. Under neutral conditions, glycosyl ceramide acids are obtained and under basic conditions glycosyl serine acids are obtained. The ...
Chen P - - 1999
In a recent paper,(1) we demonstrated that molecular interactions between biopolymers and other smaller molecules can be detected by means of dynamic surface tension measurements. In the present paper, we demonstrate that the same methodology can be employed for investigating dose effects and specificity of molecular interactions. Three similar lipids ...
Islam G A - - 1999
Quantitation of protein-benzo[a]pyrene adducts represent a more sensitive analysis method than quantitation of benzo[a]pyrene-DNA adducts. By accurate analysis of benzo[a]pyrene-protein adducts several different molecular adduct forms can be studied. Male Wistar rats were injected i.p. with benzo[a]pyrene, and serum albumin was isolated and subjected to acid hydrolysis at 90 degrees ...
Guerbette F - - 1999
Plant lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) are soluble proteins which are characterized by their in vitro ability to transfer phospholipids between two membranes. We have compared the functional properties of two LTPs purified from maize and wheat seeds knowing that, despite a high degree of sequence identity, the two proteins exhibit ...
Abumrad N - - 1999
Long-chain fatty acids can transfer passively across mammalian cell membranes. However, under physiological conditions of low fatty acid to albumin ratios in the circulation, the major fraction of uptake appears to be mediated by a saturable, protein-facilitated component. A simple diffusion process becomes significant at high molar ratios of fatty ...
Saso L - - 1999
The mechanism of action of fish oil (FO), currently used in different chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is not completely understood, although it is thought that it could alter the metabolism of endogenous autacoids. In addition, we hypothesized that the known capability of fatty acids (FA) of ...
Córdoba O L - - 1999
Three fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) from the liver of the shark Halaetunus bivius were isolated and characterized: one of them belongs to the liver-type FABP family and the other two to the heart-type FABP family. The complete primary structure of the first FABP, and partial primary structures of the two ...
Roche E - - 1999
To better understand the link between fatty acid signaling and the pleiotropic effects of fatty acids in the pancreatic beta-cell, we investigated whether fatty acids regulate immediate-early response genes (IEGs) coding for transcription factors implicated in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Palmitate and oleate, but not long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, ...
Buhlmann C - - 1999
The human breast cancer cell line MCF7 does not express heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), a marker protein for differentiated mammary gland. MCF7 cells transfected with the bovine H-FABP cDNA expressed the corresponding protein and were characterized by growth inhibition and lower tumorgenicity in nude mice [22]. By enzyme ...
Luxon B A - - 1999
The intracellular movement of fatty acids is thought to be facilitated through codiffusion with fatty acid-binding protein (FABP). This facilitation may occur by decreasing binding to immobile membranes, leading to faster cytoplasmic diffusion. The aims of this study were to measure the intracellular transport of 12-N-methyl-(7-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazol)aminostearate (NBD-stearate) in villus rat ...
Pu L - - 1999
Brain membrane lipid fatty acid composition and consequently membrane fluidity change with increasing age. Intracellular fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) such as heart H-FABP and the brain specific B-FABP, detected by immunoblotting of brain tissue, are thought to be involved in fatty acid uptake, metabolism, and differentiation in brain. Yet, ...
Mylvaganam M - - 1999
A new method to cleave the double bond of sphingolipids has been developed. Using limited concentrations of KMnO4 and an excess of NaIO4, in a neutral aqueous tert-butanol solvent system gave nearly quantitative yields of the oxidized product. A variety of natural glycosphingolipids (GSLs): GlcC, GalC, SGC, LC, Gb3C, Gb4C, ...
Elysée-Collen B - - 1999
The effect of added ethanol and (NH(4))(2)SO(4) on the flux decline index (FDI) of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and a fatty acid-poor derivative (BSA/FAP) was examined. Ternary phase diagrams of the two protein species indicated that the concentration polarization (CP) layer on the surface of a nonadsorbing 10 000 MWCO ...
Weisiger R A - - 1999
To better define the role of soluble binding proteins in the cytoplasmic transport of amphipathic molecules, we measured the diffusional mobility of a fluorescent long-chain fatty acid, 12-N-methyl-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol)aminostearate (NBD-stearate), through model cytoplasm as a function of soluble binding protein concentration. Diffusional mobilities were correlated with the partition of the fatty ...
Binas B - - 1999
Nonenzymatic cytosolic fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are abundantly expressed in many animal tissues with high rates of fatty acid metabolism. No physiological role has been demonstrated for any FABP, although these proteins have been implicated in transport of free long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) and protection against LCFA toxicity. We ...
Snyers L - - 1999
The 31 kDa membrane protein stomatin was metabolically labeled with tritiated palmitic acid in the human amniotic cell line UAC and immunoprecipitated. We show that the incorporated palmitate is sensitive to hydroxylamine, indicating the binding to cysteine residues. Stomatin contains three cysteines. By expressing a myc-tagged stomatin and substituting the ...
Minchiotti L - - 1999
Four bisalbuminemic, unrelated persons were found in Bretagne, France, and their variant and normal albumins were isolated by DEAE ion exchange chromatography, reduced, carboxymethylated and treated with CNBr. Comparative two-dimensional electrophoresis of the CNBr digests showed that three of the variants were modified in fragment CB4, whereas the fourth had ...
Timanova A - - 1999
A fatty acid-binding protein from the nematode Ascaridia galli was characterized. The gene was isolated and recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli. According to the deduced amino acid sequence A. galli fatty acid-binding protein (AgFABP) belongs to the family of nematode polyprotein allergens, as shown by Western blotting and PCR analysis ...
Wolfrum C - - 1999
Branched-chain phytanic acid is metabolized in liver peroxisomes. Sterol carrier protein 2/sterol carrier protein x (SCP2/SCPx) knockout mice, which develop a phenotype with a deficiency in phytanic acid degradation, accumulate dramatically high concentrations of this fatty acid in serum (Seedorf at al. 1998. Genes Dev. 12: 1189-1201) and liver. Concomitantly, ...
Li Z - - 1999
Retinoids are labile compounds with less than micromolar solubility in aqueous solutions. They are normally associated with a carrier protein, interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein, in the interstitial spaces of the retina. In the past, experimental retinoids have been delivered to isolated retinas and photoreceptors using either unprotected ethanolic suspensions or ...
Roulin K - - 1999
Since no data are available concerning fatty acid (FA) transport in neutrophils we studied the presence of possible FA carriers. The kFA-p34 complex, composed of S100A8 and S100A9, has been implicated in the intracellular transport of arachidonic acid and its precursors in human keratinocytes. Here, we show that FA-p34 is ...
Pelsers M M - - 1999
The long-distance migratory flights of birds are predominantly fueled by the oxidation of fatty acids, which are sourced primarily from extracellular adipose stores. These fatty acids have to be transported, via the circulatory system, to the mitochondria of the active muscles. An important facilitator of fatty acid transport within the ...
Alava M A - - 1999
Freshly isolated fetal hepatocytes transformed 4.3, 8.5 and 19.2 pmol/min/10(6) cells of stearic, linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids, respectively, complexed to albumin or alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), to more unsaturated derivatives. Thus, fetal hepatocytes displayed high elongase and delta9, delta6, delta5-desaturase activities, as well as an ability to synthesize hexaene derivatives. Desaturase activities ...
Wolfrum C - - 1999
The liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), a member of a family of mostly cytosolic 14-15 kDa proteins known to bind fatty acids in vitro and in vivo, is discussed to play a role in fatty acid uptake. Cells of the hepatoma HepG2 cell line endogenously express this protein to ...
Demant E J - - 1999
A covalent complex between bovine serum albumin and 7-hydroxycoumarin-4-acetic acid (BSA-HCA) shows a strong fluorescence band at lambdamax = 450 nm upon excitation at 375 nm. Quenching of the fluorescence emission accompanies the association of fatty acids (FA) to BSA-HCA and the application of the complex as a spectrofluorometric probe ...
Zhang J - - 1999
A limited amount of spacer-equipped carbohydrate haptens was linked by reductive amination to a subcarrier, an oligopeptide containing 16 amino groups, to give a hapten-carrying subcarrier (HCS). It was then linked, via the remaining free amino groups, to chicken serum albumin (CSA) to give a cross-linked neoglycoconjugate bearing the haptens ...
Trigatti B L - - 1999
In an attempt to identify high affinity, fatty acid binding proteins present in 3T3-L1 adipocytes plasma membranes, we labeled proteins in purified plasma membranes with the photoreactive fatty acid analogue, 11-m-diazirinophenoxy[11-3H]undecanoate. A single membrane protein of 22 kDa was covalently labeled after photolysis. This protein fractionated with caveolin-1 containing caveolae ...
Zhu L - - 1999
Dynamics of palmitic acid (PA), isotopically enriched with 13C at the second, seventh, or terminal methyl position, were investigated by 13C NMR. Relaxation measurements were made on PA bound to recombinant rat intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) at pH 5.5 and 23 degreesC, and, for comparison, on PA incorporated ...
Engels W - - 1999
Diabetes mellitus generally results in an increased systemic fatty acid mobilization which can be associated with an increase in mitochondrial and peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids in selected tissues. The latter is usually accompanied by a concomitant increase in the tissue content of cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) which functions ...
Richieri G V - - 1999
The aqueous phase monomers of fatty acids (FFA) appear in many steps of fat metabolism. Understanding metabolism requires that accurate measurements of FFA levels be determined in enzyme-mediated as well as in membrane and protein binding reactions. Measuring long chain FFA levels with sufficient sensitivity and temporal resolution is now ...
Kolena J - - 1999
The stabilizing effect of albumin on structure-functional alteration of LH/hCG receptors was analyzed by thermal perturbation technique. On exposing the membranes to bovine serum albumin (BSA) the heat inactivation profile of hCG-binding sites was shifted to a temperature higher by about 5 degreesC (T50 values). The receptor destabilizing action of ...
Chang S - - 1999
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) are non-oxidative products of ethanol metabolism that have been proposed to mediate pathological changes in various organs and tissues resulting from excessive ethanol consumption. Evidence supporting this proposal is scant, however, mainly because of the lack of adequate methods with which to solubilize the highly ...
Murphy E J - - 1999
Liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) appears to contain several different forms that may result from post-translational modification or bound ligand. To further assess this possibility, L-FABP was purified from rat liver homogenate and two putative isoforms separated using a sulfonyl column, a strong cation exchange resin. Fraction I eluted ...
Tabernero A - - 1999
Albumin is an important serum protein that under normal circumstances is not present in the brain. However, during development, under hypoxia, or after breakdown of the blood-brain barrier, albumin is found in the brain, where it is able to regulate energy metabolism. In this work the mechanism through which albumin ...
Di Pietro S M - - 1999
Up until now, the primary structure of fatty-acid-binding proteins (FABPs) from the livers of four mammalian (rat, human, cow and pig) and three nonmammalian (chicken, catfish and iguana) species has been determined. Based on amino acid sequence comparisons, it has been suggested that mammalian and nonmammalian liver FABPs may be ...
Kobayashi T - - 1999
A novel bioactive lipid, cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), was identified in lipids bound to human serum albumin. A cPA fraction was extracted and purified from human serum albumin by use of a combination of preparative TLC and HPLC. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of the purified fraction showed molecular ions corresponding ...
Zachowski A - - 1998
Maize lipid-transfer protein (LTP) is a small soluble protein which is able to transfer in vitro phospholipids between membranes and to bind fatty acids or lysoderivatives. In the studies reported here, fluorescent-labelled fatty acids were used to characterise the nature of the binding site on LTP. A fluorescent analogue of ...
Corsico B - - 1998
Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) exhibit a beta-barrel topology, comprising 10 antiparallel beta-sheets capped by two short alpha-helical segments. Previous studies suggested that fatty acid transfer from several FABPs occurs during interaction between the protein and the acceptor membrane, and that the helical domain of the FABPs plays an important ...
Saso L - - 1998
Compounds capable of inhibiting protein aggregation may find pharmacological applications in the treatment of a number of diseases called protein condensation diseases [Benedek (1997)], which include cataract, biliary and urinary lithiasis and certain rheumatic diseases. We examined the effect of selected compounds on heat-induced aggregation human serum albumin (HSA), IgG ...
Lee J - - 1998
Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) is an autosomal recessive retinal degeneration characterized by intraretinal lipid inclusions with degeneration of the retina and sclerosis of the choroidal vessels, resulting clinically in progressive night blindness and constriction of the visual fields. Characterization of fatty acid metabolism in Bietti crystalline dystrophy suggested that BCD ...
Ninomiya Y - - 1998
In this study, we examined the effect of fatty acids on choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity. ChAT is unstable in a solution of low protein concentration, so serum albumin (BSA) is usually added to stabilize the enzyme. However, we found that ChAT from bovine caudate nucleus rapidly lost its activity when ...
Ueda I - - 1998
Firefly luciferase emits a burst of light when mixed with ATP and luciferin (L) in the presence of oxygen. This study compared the effects of long-chain n-alcohols (1-decanol to 1-octadecanol) and fatty acids (decanoic to octadecanoic acids) on firefly luciferase. Fatty acids were stronger inhibitors of firefly luciferase than n-alcohols. ...
Palmer C N - - 1998
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is the subject of intense investigation as a target for drugs against diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer. For this reason there is considerable interest in the spectrum of compounds that bind this receptor. In this paper we have identified cis-parinaric acid (CPA) as a novel ...
Gamberucci A - - 1998
The ability of bovine serum albumin to reverse the inhibitory action of econazole and the unsaturated fatty acid oleate on store-dependent Ca2+ inflow was examined in Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. We report that inhibition of Ca2+ inflow by both compounds is reversed immediately upon addition of bovine serum albumin. It ...
Campbell F M - - 1998
The aim of this study was to investigate location and the types of membrane-associated and cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding proteins in human placental trophoblasts using monospecific polyclonal antibodies. Western blot analysis demonstrated the presence of multiple membrane and cytoplasmic fatty acid transport/binding proteins in human placenta. In addition to previously reported ...
Wang Z - - 1998
This study examined the degree of additivity of several physiologically relevant protein and nonprotein inhibitors in impairing the surface activity of whole and extracted calf lung surfactant (LS and CLSE) on a pulsating bubble apparatus at 37 degrees C. Inhibitors investigated were albumin, hemoglobin, C16:0 and C18:1 lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), oleic ...
Yamaguchi H - - 1998
Stratum corneum lipids (SCLs) are responsible for the water barrier function (WBF) of the skin in mammals. Recent studies have indicated that epidermal lipid synthesis might be regulated by WBF of stratum corneum and that cutaneous fatty acid-binding protein (C-FABP) plays an important role in fatty acid metabolism in epidermis. ...
Bauer H H - - 1998
Autoimmune patients treated with ifosfamide (CAS 3778-73-2) and mesna (2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid, CAS 3375-50-6) in some cases suffered from severe allergic reactions that were proposed to be due to mesna linked to serum albumin by a disulfide bond. To prove the existence of the hypothetic mesna albumin adduct in vivo it ...
Bojesen I N - - 1998
Docosahexaenoic acid is found to be bound to three equivalent sites on albumin with the same affinities as palmitic acid at 0-38 degreesC, which demonstrates that ethene-1,2-diyl- and methylene-groups contribute equally to the affinity. The equilibrium dissociation constants (Kdms) for red cell membrane binding sites of linoleic- and docosahexaenoic acid ...
Saviani E E - - 1998
The present work examined whether the ATP/ADP carrier, other than the plant uncoupling mitochondrial protein, participates in free fatty acid-mediated uncoupling of potato tuber mitochondria. The basal respiration rate of succinate-energized mitochondria was stimulated by a low concentration of palmitate (20 microM). This uncoupling was reversed by 10 microM carboxyatractyloside ...
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