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Results 301 - 350 of 1164
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Chang W - - 2001
The induction of cardiac FABP expression by long-chain fatty acids was measured in cultured rat myoblasts, myotubes and adult cardiomyocytes. With quantitative RT-PCR techniques, the primary transcription product of the FABP gene and the mature mRNA were measured. Incubations of 30 min resulted in a larger than 2-fold increase of ...
Sebeka H K - - 2001
This study was aimed at the comparative evaluation of stabilizing additives used for the protection of the antiviral activity of interferon-alpha2b against thermal inactivation, at 60 degrees C. The comparative effects of amino acids, polyhydric alcohols, saccharides and nonionic surfactants were studied. All were effective. Representing the thermal inactivation process ...
Pagès C - - 2001
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid controlling numerous cellular responses through the activation of specific G-protein coupled transmembrane receptors. LPA is present in several biological fluids (serum, plasma, aqueous humor) and can be secreted by several cell types (platelets, fibroblasts, adipocytes, cancer cells). Whereas, multiple pathways of synthesis and ...
Pagès C - - 2001
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid controlling numerous cellular responses through the activation of specific G-protein coupled transmembrane receptors. LPA is present in several biological fluids (serum, plasma, aqueous humor) and can be secreted by several cell types (platelets, fibroblasts, adipocytes, cancer cells). Whereas, multiple pathways of synthesis and ...
Thumser A E - - 2001
Mammalian fatty acid-binding proteins (FABP) are a family of intracellular proteins (approx 15 kDa) that bind long-chain fatty acids (FA) with high affinity. They are believed to serve as cytoplasmic transporters of FA and to target FA to specific cellular sites of utilization. Several different FABPs are expressed in neural ...
Espino A M - - 2001
Fasciola hepatica adult flukes have a native protein complex denoted nFh12 and consisting of fatty acid binding proteins that comprise at least 8 isoforms. It is a potent immunogen because in several animal hosts it induces an early antibody response to F. hepatica infection. It is also a potent cross-protective ...
Cserháti T - - 2001
The interaction of 12 phenoxyacetic acid derivatives with human and serum albumin as well as with egg albumin was studied by charge-transfer reversed-phase (RP) thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and the relative strength of interaction was calculated. Each phenoxyacetic acid derivative interacted with human and bovine serum albumins whereas no interaction was ...
Lücke C - - 2001
Recent advances in the characterization of fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) by NMR have enabled various research groups to investigate the function of these proteins in aqueous solution. The binding of fatty acid molecules to FABPs, which proceeds through a portal region on the protein surface, is of particular interest. In ...
Wolfrum C - - 2001
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a key regulator of lipid homeostasis in hepatocytes and target for fatty acids and hypolipidemic drugs. How these signaling molecules reach the nuclear receptor is not known; however, similarities in ligand specificity suggest the liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) as a possible candidate. ...
Massolini G - - 2001
The fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) are a class of low-molecular-mass proteins that bind fatty acids and are thought to be involved in their intracellular transport. FABPs have been isolated and studied from several tissues, but their precise function and mechanism of action are still not clear. Chicken liver (basic) fatty ...
Milliano M T - - 2001
The role of cytosolic fatty acid binding protein (FABP) in cellular fatty acid metabolism remains poorly defined. The intracellular movement of fatty acids is thought to be facilitated through codiffusion with FABP. Peroxisomal proliferators like clofibrate induce FABP and may stimulate fatty acid use by increasing cytoplasmic diffusion rates. Our ...
Ek-Von Mentzer B A - - 2001
Transport and utilization of fatty acids (FA) in cells is a multistep process that includes adsorption to and movement across the plasma membrane and binding to intracellular fatty acid binding proteins (FABP) in the cytosol. We monitored the transbilayer movement of several polyunsaturated FA and oxidation products (13-hydroxy octadecadienoic acid ...
Widstrom R L - - 2001
Arachidonic acid metabolism by lipoxygenases and cytochrome P450 monooxygenases produces regioisomeric hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HPETEs), hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs), epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs), which serve as components of cell signaling cascades. Intracellular fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) may differentially bind these nonprostanoid oxygenated fatty acids, thus modulating their metabolism and ...
Chen W C - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Oxalate in urine can cause tubular cellular damage by the production of free radicals. Then, cell death and cellular debris may promote the retention of calcium oxalate crystals and finally the formation of stones. The two most abundant urinary proteins, Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) and albumin, were tested for the ...
Ruiz-Gutiérrez V - - 2001
Alpha-fetoprotein and fetal serum albumin have been simultaneously purified from fetal bovine serum by mild procedures utilizing ammonium sulfate, hydrophobic interaction, immobilized metal (nickel) affinity chromatography, and isoelectric focusing. The lipidic extract from each protein was analyzed by gas chromatography and the peak appearing just after the arachidonic acid was ...
Górecka M - - 2001
Abstract: The rate of fatty acid uptake, oxidation, and deposition in skeletal muscles in relation to total and unbound to albumin fatty acids concentration in the medium were investigated in the incubated rat soleus muscle. An immunohistochemical technique was applied to demonstrate whether the albumin-bound fatty acid complex from the ...
Beyer U - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate differences in the cellular uptake and intracellular distribution of protein-bound doxorubicin in comparison to free doxorubicin and a liposomal formulation (CAELYX) METHODS: LXFL 529 lung carcinoma cells were incubated with an acid-sensitive transferrin and albumin conjugate of doxorubicin, a stable albumin doxorubicin conjugate, and free and liposomal ...
Dubé N - - 2001
Intestinal and liver fatty acid binding proteins (I- and L-FABP) are thought to play a role in enterocyte fatty acid (FA) trafficking. Their modulation by cell differentiation and various potential effectors was investigated in the human Caco-2 cell line. With the acquisition of enterocytic features, Caco-2 cells seeded on plastic ...
Kagan V E VE Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, and Magee Womens Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15238, USA. - - 2001
To test the hypothesis that enhanced oxidative stress during pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia is associated with improper copper (Cu) binding by plasma albumin, resulting in enhanced Cu redox-cycling activity and that altered Cu binding, in turn, is caused by interactions of excessive amounts of free fatty acids with albumin. We ...
Scott J C - - 2000
Most organisms obtain their fatty acids through their diet or by de novo synthesis, but human blood flukes belonging to the genus Schistosoma lack the oxygen-dependent pathways required for the synthesis of sterols and fatty acids so they are entirely dependent on their hosts for these and other complex lipids. ...
Mizushina Y - - 2000
Unsaturated long-chain fatty acids selectively bind to the DNA binding sites of DNA polymerase beta and DNA topoisomerase II, and inhibit their activities, although the amino acid sequences of these enzymes are markedly different from each other. Computer modeling analysis revealed that the fatty acid interaction interface in both enzymes ...
Hodgson L L Department of Bioengineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, - - 2000
We have pioneered an in vitro pseudopod-generation model wherein suspended tumor cells are stimulated to form pseudopods into glass micropipettes in response to soluble collagen type IV (CIV). Pertussis toxin and removing intracellular calcium were found previously to be inhibitory to that process. We now extend those observations to dissect ...
Veerkamp J H - - 2000
Liposomes of different charge fixed to nitrocellulose filters were used to study the transfer of fatty acids to rat heart or liver mitochondria in the presence of fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) or albumin. [14C]Palmitate oxidation was used as a parameter. Different FABP types and heart FABP mutants were tested. The ...
Luxon B A - - 2000
The role of liver cytosolic fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) in fatty acid transport and metabolism is unclear. Female liver contains substantially more L-FABP than male liver. Female liver also has a different fatty acid transport phenotype, including more rapid uptake, efflux and cytoplasmic transport. However, it is not known ...
Odani S - - 2000
Unlike other fatty acid-binding proteins, cutaneous (epidermal) fatty acid-binding proteins contain a large number of cysteine residues. The status of the five cysteine residues in rat cutaneous fatty acid-binding protein was examined by chemical and mass-spectrometric analyses. Two disulfide bonds were identified, between Cys-67 and Cys-87, and between Cys-120 and ...
Lawrence J W - - 2000
Our studies were conducted to explore the role of hepatic fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) in fatty acid transport to the nucleus. Purified rat L-FABP facilitated the specific interaction of [(3)H]oleic acid with the nuclei. L-FABP complexed with unlabeled oleic acid decreased the nuclear association of [(3)H]oleic acid:L-FABP; however, oleic acid-saturated ...
Mitamura T - - 2000
Malaria is clinically manifested only when the human malaria parasites in the genus Plasmodium enter the obligatory intraerythrocytic life cycle. Elucidation for the roles of the serum, the key nutrient, and its components is then deemed essential for thorough understanding of the proliferation of Plasmodium cells at the erythrocytic stage. ...
Koga M - - 2000
Experiments were carried out in vitro to investigate whether the sera of several animals as well as albumins and peptides might act as attractants for larvae of Strongyloides ratti. Samples of sera from several mammal species were dialysed and the aliquots were further centrifuged using ultrafiltration cartridges to remove any ...
Balendiran G K - - 2000
Expression of brain fatty acid-binding protein (B-FABP) is spatially and temporally correlated with neuronal differentiation during brain development. Isothermal titration calorimetry demonstrates that recombinant human B-FABP clearly exhibits high affinity for the polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and for monounsaturated n-9 oleic acid (K(d) from ...
Giamarellos-Bourboulis E J - - 2000
Twenty-six multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were exposed over time to 300 microg of gamma-linolenic acid or arachidonic acid per ml or to the combination of both acids at 150 microg/ml each with ceftazidime and amikacin with or without albumin to observe the in vitro interactions of the antibiotics. Antibiotics and ...
Murphy E J - - 2000
Although fatty acid-binding proteins (FABP) differentially affect fatty acid uptake, nothing is known regarding their role(s) in determining cellular phospholipid levels and phospholipid fatty acid composition. The effects of liver (L)- and intestinal (I)-FABP expression on these parameters were determined using stably transfected L-cells. Expression of L- and I-FABP increased ...
Greco A V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The role of tryptophan (TRY) and its metabolites in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy is conflicting. The aim of the present study is to investigate in posthepatitis cirrhotic patients with encephalopathy the serum levels of TRY and those of its metabolite indole-3-acetic acid, as well as TRY binding curve ...
Cavagnari B M - - 2000
Despite the evolutionary-tree data suggesting that gene duplication leading to the divergence of the three branches which heart, liver and intestinal fatty acid-binding proteins belong to must have occurred before the vertebrate/invertebrate split, only the heart fatty acid-binding protein has been reported for invertebrates. In an attempt to shed light ...
Abe Y - - 2000
Chiral discrimination of racemic carbazole carbonyl (CC)-amino acids with linear alkyl sidechain (C(1)-C(4)) by bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated by competitive replacement experiments using dansyl-L-proline and dansyl-D-norvaline as fluorescent probes. It was found that the CC derivatives of the D-forms of alanine (C(1)), amino butyric acid (C(2)), norvaline (C(3)), ...
Storch J - - 2000
The intracellular fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) comprise a family of 14-15 kDa proteins which bind long-chain fatty acids. A role for FABPs in fatty acid transport has been hypothesized for several decades, and the accumulated indirect and correlative evidence is largely supportive of this proposed function. In recent years, a ...
Kiss T - - 2000
The biospeciations of three potential insulin-mimetic VO(IV) compounds, VO(maltolate)2, VO(picolinate)2 and VO(6-Me-picolinate)2, in blood serum were assessed via modelling calculations, using the stability constants reported in the literature for the binary insulin-mimetic complexes and their ternary complexes formed with the most important low molecular mass binders in the serum: oxalic ...
Schmider W - - 2000
Heptafluorostearic acid, an isogeometric derivative of stearic acid, has a pK(a) value of about 0.5. To evaluate the suitability of heptafluorostearate as model compound for anions of long-chain fatty acids in membrane transport, monolayer and liposome studies were performed with lipid mixtures containing phospholipids;-cholesterol-heptafluorostearate or stearate (100:40:20 molar ratios). Transfer ...
Ward T - - 2000
Picornavirus infection requires virus uncoating, associated with the production of 135S "A" particles and 80S empty particles from 160S mature virions, to release the RNA genome into the cell cytoplasm. Normal albumin inhibits this process. We now show that when depleted of fatty acids, albumin induces the formation of echovirus ...
Ius A - - 2000
Theophylline (Th) has been selectively conjugated to the four amino groups of melittin (Mel) by solid phase peptide synthesis. The cytolytic activity of the resultant Th-Mel compounds was tested on liposomes trapping the bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugate with 4,7-bis(chlorosulfophenyl)-1,10-phenanthrol ine-2,9-dicarboxylic acid (BCPDA). The loss of lytic activity was the ...
Thumser A E - - 2000
Intestinal enterocytes contain high concentrations of two cytosolic fatty acid-binding proteins (FABP), liver FABP (L-FABP) and intestinal FABP (I-FABP), which are hypothesized to play a role in cellular fatty acid trafficking. The mechanism(s) by which fatty acids move from membranes to each of these proteins is not known. Here we ...
Honda C - - 2000
The irreversible thermal aggregation rate and process of bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated by means of light scattering technique as a function of temperature. The increasing rate of particle radius was affected by the aggregation temperature, concentration and the presence of fatty acid. The particle radius was larger and ...
Sakai T - - 2000
Although the role of multiple humoral agents (such as plasma albumin, glucose, hormones etc.) are implicated in lipoprotein metabolism, the mechanism of action of these agents on various steps of the synthesis and secretion of lipoproteins and apolipoproteins (protein moieties of lipoproteins) are not completely understood. Specifically, the hepatocellular mechanisms ...
Wolfrum C - - 2000
Liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) has been proposed to be involved in the transport of fatty acids and peroxisome proliferators from the cytosol into the nucleus for interaction with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). On the basis of this premise, we investigated by isothermal titration calorimetry the binding of ...
Mpagi J L - - 2000
The mechanism by which filarial parasites derive fatty acids bound to the host's carrier protein is poorly understood. The capacity of a secretory protein of Onchocerca volvulus (OvS1/Ov20) to compete with serum albumin for arachidonic and other fatty acids was investigated in this study. Binding affinities of the two proteins ...
Alpers D H - - 2000
The intestinal mucosa metabolizes fatty acids differently when presented to the lumenal or basolateral membrane. Expression of both liver and intestinal fatty acid binding proteins (L- and I-FABPs) uniquely in the enterocyte offers a possible explanation of this phenomenon. An organ explant system was used to analyze the relative binding ...
Schetz J A - - 2000
The conserved aspartic acid that is required for ligand binding to the dopamine D(2) receptor is followed by three tandem sulfur-containing amino acids. While previous point mutation studies did not reveal any single one of these residues as being critical for ligand binding, we now show that simultaneously substituting all ...
Bleustein C B - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Understanding albumin solder denaturation is important for laser tissue soldering. Human (HSA), bovine (BSA), porcine (PSA), and canine (CSA) albumin both fatty acid containing (FAC) and fatty acid free (FAF) were evaluated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: DSC was used to measure ...
Bleustein C B - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Albumin solders from different species have been used for laser tissue welding without a complete understanding of possible differences between them. The breaking strength of four different species of serum albumin (human, bovine, porcine, and canine), both fatty acid containing (FAC) and fatty acid free (FAF), was ...
Darimont C - - 2000
Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is a cytosolic protein expressed at high levels (up to 2% of cytosolic proteins) in the small intestine epithelium. Despite cell transfection studies, its function is still unclear. Indeed, different effects on fatty acid metabolism depending on the cell type and the amount of I-FABP ...
Mylvaganam M - - 2000
A new oxidation protocol for the cleavage of sphingosine double bonds is described. The procedure is applicable to both natural and deacyl glycolipids and can be applied to microgram quantities of precursors. Under neutral conditions, glycosyl ceramide acids are obtained and under basic conditions glycosyl serine acids are obtained. The ...
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