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Rajaraman G - - 2007
The presence of cysteine and methionine groups together with an ability to bind long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) oxidation products makes liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) an attractive candidate against hepatocellular oxidative stress. In this report, we show that pharmacological treatment directed at modulating L-FABP level affected hepatocellular oxidant status. ...
Fujiwara Shin-Ichi - - 2006
Human serum albumin (HSA) binds with fatty acids under normal physiologic conditions. To date, there is little published information on the tertiary structure of HSA-fatty acid complex in aqueous solution. In the present study, we used molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to elucidate possible structural changes of HSA brought about by ...
Luque Guillermina L - - 2007
This work reports on the analytical performance of composites obtained by dispersing copper microparticles and multi-wall carbon nanotubes within a mineral oil binder (CNTPE-Cu) for the determination of amino acids and albumin. The strong complexing activity of amino acids towards copper makes possible an important improvement in the sensitivity for ...
McDonnell Patricia A - - 2006
The NMR structure is presented for compound 1 (BMS-480404) (Ki = 33 (+/-2) nM) bound to keratinocyte fatty acid-binding protein. This article describes interactions between a high affinity drug-like compound and a member of the fatty acid-binding protein family. A benzyl group ortho to the mandelic acid in 1 occupies ...
Verheyen An J M - - 2007
Reference values have been established for serum biochemical parameters in sows from high producing pig herds. In total, 132 clinically healthy sows from eight breeding herds were serially sampled three weeks and one week before farrowing, and at one week and three weeks after farrowing. Fourteen serum biochemical parameters, focusing ...
Wang Yuren - - 2006
A binding assay for human fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) using the scintillation proximity assay (SPA) technology is described. This SPA uses the specific interactions of [3H]R(+)-methanandamide (MAEA) and FAAH expressing microsomes to evaluate the displacement activity of FAAH inhibitors. We observed that a competitive nonhydrolyzed FAAH inhibitor, [3H]MAEA, bound ...
Zornetzer Gregory A GA Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, 433 Babcock Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1549, - - 2006
Acyl carrier protein (ACP) is a cofactor in a variety of biosynthetic pathways, including fatty acid metabolism. Thus, it is of interest to determine structures of physiologically relevant ACP-fatty acid complexes. We report here the NMR solution structures of spinach ACP with decanoate (10:0-ACP) and stearate (18:0-ACP) attached to the ...
Wang Yunxia - - 2006
A novel electrochemical sensor with capability of probing chiral amino acids with gold nanoparticle (n-Au) labels using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a chiral selector and subsequent signal amplification step by silver enhancement is introduced. The assay relies on the stereoselectivity of BSA embedded in ultrathin gamma-alumina sol-gel film coated ...
Gorbenko Olena - - 2006
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is a key mediator of intracellular transport and metabolism of fatty acids in adipose tissues. FABP4 binds fatty acids with high affinity and transports them to various compartments in the cell. When in complex with fatty acids, FABP4 interacts with and modulates the activity ...
Belgacem Omar - - 2007
Human serum albumin (HSA) is the most abundant protein in plasma. It is known to transport drugs as well as endogenous ligands, like free fatty acids (FFA). A mass spectrometry based method was applied to analyze the albumin bound lipid ligands. HSA was isolated from a human plasma pool by ...
Larqué Elvira - - 2006
Placental tissue from five women undergoing elective caesarean did not present differences in fatty acids or mRNA expression of FATP-1, FATP-4 and H-FABP in different placental locations. mRNA expression of FATP-1 and FATP-4 was significantly higher than H-FABP. The expression of L-FABP was too low in placenta for accurate quantification.
Mattern H M - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of lipotoxicity in vascular smooth muscle (VSM). C(1)-BODIPY 500/510 C(12) used to assess the ability of VSM A7r5 cells to transport long-chain fatty acids showed that lipid transport did not appear to limit metabolism. Thin layer chromatography revealed that storage ...
Best Catherine A - - 2006
AIMS: To develop a method to assess the relative binding of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) and free fatty acids (FFA) to albumin, and to determine if binding affinity is related to fatty acid chain length and or degree of saturation. METHODS: Radiolabelled ethyl-[14C] oleate bound to albumin was challenged ...
Antonenkov Vasily D - - 2006
The liver isoform of fatty-acid-binding protein (L-FABP) facilitates the cellular uptake, transport and metabolism of fatty acids and is also involved in the regulation of gene expressions and cell differentiation. Consistent with these functions, L-FABP is predominantly present in the cytoplasm and to a lesser extent in the nucleus; however, ...
Yin Yao-Bing - - 2006
Aggregation of two porphyrin derivatives with carboxylic groups, 4-oxo-4-((4-(10,15,20-triphenyl-21H,23H-porphin-5-yl)phenyl)amino)butanoic acid (MAC) and 4,4',4'',4'''-[21H,23H-porphine-5,10,15,20-tetrayltetrakis(4,1-phenyleneimino)]tetrakis(4-oxo-butanoic acid) (TA4C), and their affinity to bovine serum albumin were investigated via absorption spectrometry, (1)H NMR and fluorescence spectrometry. MAC and its complexes with beta-cyclodextrin could form aggregates in an aqueous solution while TA4C was self-associated loosely. ...
Li Zaiguo Z Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, New York 11367-1597, - - 2006
[reaction: see text] Lysophosphatidic acids bearing a benzophenone group in either the sn-1 or sn-2 chain of an oleoyl-type ester or oleyl-type ether chain and (32)P in the phosphate group were synthesized. The benzophenone moiety was introduced by selective hydroboration of the double bond of enyne 11 at low temperature, ...
Kusakari Yoshiyuki - - 2006
Fatty acids are shown to be important in various skin functions. Fatty acid binding protein (FABP) is postulated to serve as a lipid shuttle, solubilizing hydrophobic fatty acids and delivering them to the appropriate metabolic system. Among the FABP family proteins, epidermal-type FABP (E-FABP) is solely expressed in keratinocyte but ...
Sun Shao-Fa - - 2006
The interaction between 4,4'-diselenadibenzoic acid and human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated by fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy. The quenching mechanism of fluorescence of HSA by 4,4'-diselenadibenzoic acid was discussed. It is proved that the fluorescence quenching of HSA by 4,4'-diselenadibenzoic acid is a result of the formation of the HSA-4,4'-diselenadibenzoic ...
Kladnícková I - - 2006
Biodegradable implantable matrices containing bovine serum albumin were prepared from oligoesters by melting, and subsequently tested on in vitro albumin release. The linear poly (DL-lactic acid) and the branched terpolymer of DL-lactic acid, glycolic acid, and mannitol were synthesized. Products were of similar molecular weight and possessed different thermal and ...
Sachs Jeffrey - - 2006
The hyponatremia found in multiple myeloma and which is associated with a reduced anion gap (ag) is considered to be pseudohyponatremia due to the displacement of water by the high globulin content in the blood. Serum proteins participate in acid-base balance. Stewart and other authors in their approach to acid-base ...
Jezek Petr - - 2006
Undecanesulfonate is transported by uncoupling protein-1. Its inability to induce H+ uniport with reconstituted uncoupling protein-1 supports fatty acid cycling hypothesis. Rial et al. [Rial, E., Aguirregoitia, E., Jimenez-Jimenez, J., & Ledesma, A. (2004). Alkylsulfonates activate the uncoupling protein UCP1: Implications for the transport mechanism. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1608, ...
Jung K C - - 2006
c-Myc is instrumental in the progression of Burkitt's lymphoma including HL-60 human leukemia cells. We tested fatty acids for their inhibitory effect on the DNA binding of c-Myc/Max dimeric proteins of human origin, prepared as recombinant proteins encompassing DNA binding (basic) and dimerization (HLHZip) domain, and found that those suppress ...
Liu Shun-Ying - - 2005
[structure: see text] The binding affinities of a cholic-acid-based fluorescent neutral receptor toward dicarboxylate anions and amino acids have been investigated in a CH3OH/H2O system (1:1, 0.01 M HEPES buffer, pH = 7.4) by fluorescence titration experiments. The synthetic host bearing four convergent functionalities strongly binds glutamate via multiple hydrogen ...
Rypka Miroslav - - 2005
The effects of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on the levels of mRNAs of protein kinase C (PKC) -delta and -epsilon isoforms and those of liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) were investigated in the human hepatoma HepG2 cell line. The cells were kept in low-serum, low-albumin ...
Binas Bert - - 2005
Cytosolic fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are widely expressed fatty acid chaperones. The adipocyte-expressed FABPs are permissive factors for the fat-induced metabolic syndrome, but a similar relevance of the FABPs of heart, muscle, and liver remains unclear. In this article, the known biochemical and physiologic roles of these FABPs are ...
Salavej Pavel - - 2006
Myeloperoxidase is released from stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes at inflammatory loci. Besides its bactericidal activity, it interacts with human serum albumin that is essential for the endothelial uptake of myeloperoxidase and its contribution in regulation of the blood vessel tonus. Here, we investigated which kinds of modification dominate in the albumin ...
Bartolome Amelita - - 2005
Elevated free fatty acid (FA) levels lead to insulin resistance, hypertension, and microangiopathy, all of which are associated with type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, deficiencies of FA are indicative of certain neurodegenerative diseases, including autism. Thus, free FA levels are a diagnostic indicator for a variety of disorders. ...
Makowski Liza L Sarah W. Stedman Nutrition and Metabolism Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27704, - - 2005
The global prevalence of obesity is increasing epidemically. Obesity causes an array of health problems, reduces life expectancy, and costs over US dollar 100 billion annually. More than a quarter of the population suffers from an aggregation of co-morbidities, including obesity, atherosclerosis, insulin resistance, dyslipidemias, coagulopathies, hypertension, and a pro-inflammatory ...
Lobo A - - 2005
The surface structure of organically capped PbS nanocrystals using synchrotron radiation excited core-level photoelectron spectroscopy has been studied. The nanocrystallites prepared by methods of colloidal chemistry have average diameters of 3.1, 3.9, 4.6, and 7.6 nm with narrow size distributions and are stabilized either with oleic acid only or with ...
Dufour Claire - - 2005
An efficient RP-HPLC method was developed for the detection of the oxidation products derived from the AAPH-initiated peroxidation of linoleic acid bound to human serum albumin. Diode array UV-detection allowed the quantification at 234 nm of four regioisomeric hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acids (HPODE) and four hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODE) while at 280 nm ...
Yamazaki Eiji - - 2005
Kinetics of fatty acid binding ability of glycated human serum albumin (HSA) were investigated by fluorescent displacement technique with 1-anilino-8-naphtharene sulphonic acid (ANS method), and photometric detection of nonesterified-fatty-acid (NEFA method). Changing of binding affinities of glycated HSA toward oleic acid, linoleic acid, lauric acid, and caproic acid, were not ...
Liu Wei - - 2005
The ability of unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters to modify bovine serum albumin (BSA) in the presence of a metal-catalyzed oxidation system [ascorbic acid/Fe (II)/O2] was investigated. The exposure of BSA to PUFA esters led to the generation of carbonyl groups and the formation of high-molecular-weight proteins, which were strongly ...
Rajaraman G - - 2005
PURPOSE: The hepatic transmembrane flux of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) occurs through passive and fatty acid transport protein facilitated processes from blood. The extent that these transport processes can be related to the unbound and protein-bound fractions of LCFA in blood is not clear. METHODS: We used hepatocyte suspensions, hepatoma ...
Brahma Amrita - - 2005
Protein aggregation is a well-known phenomenon related to serious medical implications. Bovine serum albumin (BSA), a structural analogue of human serum albumin, has a natural tendency for aggregation under stress conditions. While following effect of moderately acidic pH on BSA, a state was identified at pH 4.2 having increased light ...
Vandevoorde Séverine - - 2005
There is some dispute concerning the extent to which the uptake inhibitor VDM11 (N-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl) arachidonoyl amide) is capable of inhibiting the metabolism of the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). In view of a recent study demonstrating that the closely related compound AM404 (N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)arachidonylamide) is a substrate ...
Liu Yuan - - 2005
The interactions of human serum albumin (HSA) with sinapic acid (SA), gallic acid (GA) and shikimic acid (SI) were investigated by fluorescence and Fourier transformed infrared spectrometry. Fluorescence results showed that one molecule of protein combined with one molecule of GA at the molar ratio of drug to HSA ranging ...
Huang Bill X - - 2005
Mass spectrometry with chemical cross-linking was used to probe the conformational changes of HSA (human serum albumin) in solution on interaction with monounsaturated OA (oleic acid) or polyunsaturated AA (arachidonic acid) or DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). Fatty acid-free or -bound HSA was modified with lysine-specific cross-linkers and digested with trypsin. Cross-linked ...
Hassan S M T - - 2005
We describe here a fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) isolated and purified from the parasitic protozoon Giardia lamblia. The protein has a molecular mass of 8 kDa and an isoelectric point of 4.96. A Scatchard analysis of the data at equilibrium revealed a dissociation constant of 3.12 x 10(-8) M when ...
Falabella P - - 2005
Aphidius ervi is an endophagous braconid, parasitoid of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. A. ervi teratocytes, deriving from the dissociation of the embryonic serosa, synthesize and release two major proteins into the host haemocoel. The gene of one of these proteins has been cloned and characterized. This gene codes for ...
Atshaves Barbara P - - 2005
Although a role for liver fatty acid protein (L-FABP) in the metabolism of branched-chain fatty acids has been suggested based on data obtained with cultured cells, the physiological significance of this observation remains to be demonstrated. To address this issue, the lipid phenotype and metabolism of phytanic acid, a branched-chain ...
Ohlsson Gita - - 2005
Bladder cancer is the fifth most common malignancy in the world and represents the second most common cause of death among genitourinary tumors. Current prognostic parameters such as grade and stage cannot predict with certainty the long-term outcome of bladder cancer, and as a result there is a pressing need ...
Pelsers Maurice M A L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: One of the novel and promising plasma markers for detection of tissue injury is the family of 15 kDa cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding proteins of which various tissue-specific types occur. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present status of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for acute ...
Bacigalupo Maria A - - 2005
The water specimens were collected from wells and irrigation ditches in the agricultural area to the south of Milan and from Olona River and Mantua Lake and analyzed for paraquat detection. The assay was performed using a specific polyclonal antibody raised in sheep and rabbit anti-sheep IgG conjugated with a ...
Sabah J - - 2005
Although serum albumin is the major protein component of the aqueous humor and vitreous humor, its possible physiological role(s) in lens metabolism has not yet been determined. BODIPY fatty acid, a fluorescent analogue of a C(12) long chain fatty acid, was bound to serum albumin, then incubated with lenses in ...
Jordanova Rositsa - - 2005
Ag-NPA-1 (AgFABP), a 15 kDa lipid binding protein (LBP) from Ascaridia galli, is a member of the nematode polyprotein allergen/antigen (NPA) family. Spectroscopic analysis shows that Ag-NPA-1 is a highly ordered, alpha-helical protein and that ligand binding slightly increases the ordered secondary structure content. The conserved, single Trp residue (Trp17) ...
Monbaliu D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) is a small protein (15 kD) involved in the intracellular transport of long-chain fatty acids in the liver. The L-FABP is regarded as a sensitive marker for liver cell damage. In a pig model for liver transplantation (LTx) from non-heart-beating donors (NHBD), we evaluated ...
Burth Patricia - - 2005
Organ malfunctions in patients with leptospirosis have been associated with the bacterial glycolipoprotein endotoxin and with its nonesterified unsaturated fatty acid (NEUFA) components. We examined the involvement of NEUFAs in the pathophysiological processes of leptospirosis. Patients showed a moderate increase in serum concentrations of oleic and linoleic acids but an ...
Belayev Ludmila - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High-dose human albumin therapy is strongly neuroprotective in models of brain ischemia and trauma and is currently being studied in a pilot-phase clinical stroke trial. Among its actions in ischemia, albumin induces the systemic mobilization of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and may help to replenish polyunsaturated fatty ...
Hagan Robert M - - 2005
Liver fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) binds a variety of non-polar anionic ligands including fatty acids, fatty acyl CoAs, and bile acids. Previously we prepared charge reversal mutants and demonstrated the importance of lysine residues within the portal region in ligand and membrane binding. We have now prepared several tryptophan-containing mutants ...
Ottaviani M Francesca - - 2004
Interactions of polyamidoamine dendrimers, termed Gn, where n indicates the generation (=number of amidoamine layers), at different protonation levels with selected amino acids and proteins have been investigated by means of continuous wave electron paramagnetic resonance (cw-EPR) and pulsed-EPR (electron spin-echo = ESE) analyses. A low-generation dendrimer (G2) and a ...
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