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Qian Zheng-Ming - - 2008
The screening and analysis of bioactive components in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) is very important not only for the quality control of Chinese herbs but also for elucidating the therapeutic principles. This study developed a new method for screening and analyzing bioactive compounds from TCMs using centrifugal ultrafiltration coupled with ...
Kumadaki Shin - - 2008
Elovl-6, a long fatty acid elongase, contributes to de novo synthesis of fatty acids and regulates hepatic insulin sensitivity. Hepatic regulation of Elovl-6 gene expression in various nutritional conditions suggested that, like other lipogenic enzyme genes, Elovl-6 is a target of SREBP-1, a transcription factor governing fatty acid synthesis. Supportively, ...
Quevedo Mario A - - 2008
This work presents the binding of AZT and nine novel AZT derivatives to human serum albumin (HSA), both defatted (HSA(D)) and complexed with fatty acids (HSA(FA)). The bound fractions and binding site were determined by applying an ultrafiltration procedure, with an increased affinity for the majority of these derivatives to ...
Michnik Anna - - 2008
The study of the influence of UVC-254 nm radiation on spectroscopic and calorimetric properties of human serum albumin in aqueous solutions was conducted. This radiation did not only accelerate aging of albumin solutions but also caused the other qualitative changes. The dose dependent effect on conformational restructuring and thermal stability ...
Rangsansarid Jongjit - - 2008
Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was employed as a model protein emulsifier to conjugate with aldohexose (D-glucose (Glc) or D-allose (All)) and sugar fatty acid ester (6-O-octanoyl-D-glucose (GlcC8)) through the Maillard reaction. It was found during the reaction that rate of decrease of free amino groups in BSA was almost the ...
Imura Tomohiro - - 2008
Mannosylerythritol lipid-A (MEL-A) is one of the most promising glycolipid biosurfactants, and abundantly produced by Pseudozyma yeasts. MEL-A gives not only excellent self-assembling properties but also a high binding affinity toward human immunoglobulin G (HIgG). In this study, three kinds of MEL-A were prepared from methyl myristate [MEL-A (m)], olive ...
Salahuddin Parveen - - 2008
Urea induced equilibrium unfolding of fatted and defatted human serum albumin (HSA) showed that fatty acid stabilizes native and intermediate states. Similarly acid induced unfolding of fatted and defatted HSA also showed that fatty acid stabilizes Ntwo left arrowsF and Ftwo left arrowsE transitions. These results also showed that five ...
Bora D K - - 2008
A novel bioconjugate of stearic acid capped maghemite nanoparticle (gamma-Fe(2)O(3)) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was developed by taking recourse to the fatty acid binding property of the protein. From FT-IR study, it was found that conjugation took place covalently between the amine group of protein molecule and carboxyl group ...
Mochizuki Kazuki - - 2007
Fatty acids in milk are thought to play an important role in intestinal maturation and gene expression in the postnatal small intestine. In this study, we determined the jejunal mRNA levels, in rats, of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) and PPARdelta which are nuclear receptors for fatty acids. We also ...
Bojko B - - 2008
Saturated fatty acids such as myristic acid play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders. Using the quenching fluorescence method we examined the influence of myristate on the changes of transporting protein affinity towards aspirin-the most popular anticoagulant. Our results showed that the presence of the myristic acid ...
Shcharbin Dzmitry - - 2008
Dendrimers are a new class of nanotechnological polymers suitable for drug targeting, microarray systems or detoxication. The present study is devoted to a detailed analysis of binding between PAMAM dendrimers and bovine serum albumin (fatty acid free or loaded with oleic, linoleic, oleic+linoleic or oleic+linoleic+arachodonic acids) by measuring zeta-potential, fluorescence ...
Wolfrum C - - 2007
Translation of nutrient stimuli through intracellular signaling is important for adaptation and regulation of metabolic processes, while deregulation by either genetic or environmental factors predisposes towards the development of metabolic disorders. Besides providing energy, fatty acids act as prominent signaling molecules by altering cell membrane structures, affecting the lipid modification ...
Otton Rosemari - - 2007
Although previous studies have shown that a mixture of fatty acids in similar proportion to that found in human plasma triggers apoptosis of peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy subjects, the mechanism involved remains unknown. In the present study, we examined whether the effect of a mixture of fatty acids upon ...
James-Smith Monica A - - 2008
We investigated the effect of fatty acid chain length on the binding capacity of drug and fatty acid to Pluronic F127-based microemulsions. This was accomplished by using turbidity experiments. Pluronic-based oil-in-water microemulsions of various compositions were synthesized and titrated to turbidity with concentrated Amitriptyline, an antidepressant drug. Sodium salts of ...
Weisiger Richard A - - 2007
Cytosolic binding proteins are ubiquitous, yet their functions have been poorly defined. Research in multiple labs has now clarified two major transport functions for fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs), one of the most commonly studied examples of this diverse class. Most cellular fatty acids are bound to membranes. Because fatty ...
Pinthus Jehonathan H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that both fatty acids and androgens have a role in the development and progression of prostate cancer (PC). Plasma membrane fatty acid binding protein (FABP(pm)) is a transporter of medium and long chain fatty acids (MCFA and LCFA) across the plasma membrane, and is ...
Mihajlovic Maja - - 2007
Intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP) interacts with biological membranes and delivers fatty acid (FA) into them via a collisional mechanism. However, the membrane-bound structure of the protein and the pathway of FA transfer are not precisely known. We used molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with an implicit membrane model to ...
Gurachevsky Andrey - - 2007
Conventional ESR spectra of 16-doxyl-stearic acid bound to bovine and human serum albumin were recorded at different temperatures in order to investigate the status of spin-labeled fatty acid in the interior of the protein globule. A computer spectrum simulation of measured spectra, performed by non-linear least-squares fits, clearly showed two ...
Karjalainen Marjo J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to correlate the in vitro and in vivo CYP1A2 inhibition potential of tolfenamic acid, an NSAID highly (99.7%) bound to plasma proteins, to study the significance of protein binding of inhibitor in metabolic drug interactions. METHODS: The effect of tolfenamic acid on CYP1A2 (phenacetin O-deethylation) was ...
Rupasinghe Sangeewa G - - 2007
Towards defining the function of Arabidopsis thaliana fatty acid hydroxylases, five members of the CYP86A subfamily have been heterologously expressed in baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells and tested for their ability to bind a range of fatty acids including unsubstituted (lauric acid (C12:0) and oleic acid (C18:1)) and oxygenated (9,10-epoxystearic acid and ...
Maté Sabina M - - 2007
The incorporation of exogenous fatty acids bound to L-FABP into nuclei was studied. Rat liver cell nuclei and nuclear matrices (membrane depleted nuclei) were incubated in vitro with [1-(14)C]18:0 and 20:4n-6 either free or bound to L-FABP, ATP and CoA. FA esterification in whole nuclei and endonuclear lipids was ATP-CoA-dependent, ...
Wang Guqi - - 2007
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium and acquires both building blocks and energy from host cells for growth. The fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) plays an important role in uptake of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) and energy metabolism by eukaryotic cells. The roles of FABP and LCFA in chlamydial infection ...
Thumser Alfred E - - 2007
The BODIPY-labeled fatty acid analogues are a useful addition to the tools employed to study the cellular uptake and metabolism of lipids. In this study, we show that BODIPY FL C(16) binds to purified liver and intestinal fatty acid-binding proteins with high affinity at a site similar to that for ...
Tsai Jon A - - 2007
[Ca(2+)](i) oscillations were found in human osteoblast-like cells (hOB cells) exposed to high-lipid bovine serum albumin (BSA), but not when exposed to low-lipid BSA. These [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations were inhibited by heptanol and suramin, which implies that gap junctions and purinergic signalling may be important for these [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations. The high-lipid ...
Qu H - - 2007
The heart is the most fatty acid-dependent muscle in mammals, but flight muscles of birds and insects encounter even higher rates of fatty acid oxidation. The amount of the muscle fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) found in these muscle reflects their metabolic activities, and increased fatty acid metabolism in endurance ...
Tomasić Ana - - 2007
The affinity of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), indole-3-propionic acid, indole-3-butyric acid and 24 of their amino acid conjugates to immobilized human serum albumin, as expressed by the retention factor k (determined by HPLC), was dependent on (1) lipophilicity, (2) chirality and (3) functional groups in the amino acid moiety; in some ...
Edwards J Vincent - - 2007
High elastase and cathepsin G activities have been observed in chronic wounds to inhibit healing through degradation of growth factors, cytokines, and extracellular matrix proteins. Oleic acid is a non-toxic elastase inhibitor. Cotton wound dressing material was characterized as a transfer carrier for affinity uptake of oleic acid by albumin ...
Ordovas José M - - 2007
Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are proteins that reversibly bind fatty acids and other lipids. So far, nine tissue-specific cytoplasmic FABPs have been identified. Adipose tissue FABP (FABP4) has been suggested to be a bridge between inflammation and other pathways related to the metabolic syndrome. In this regard, genetic variability ...
Dufour Claire - - 2007
Although LDL esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) contribute largely to the pool of oxidizable lipids in plasma, they coexist with a non-negligible content of free PUFA. In some pathological conditions, the free PUFA/albumin ratio becomes abnormally elevated. Modeling was performed in a system constituted of linoleic acid bound to human ...
Wu Dan - - 2007
Surface tension, fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) methods have been used to investigate the interaction between cationic gemini surfactant 1,2-ethane bis(dimethyldodecylammonium bromide) (C12C2C12) and proteins including bovine serum albumin (BSA) and gelatin. Surface tension measurements show that the complexes of gelatin--C12C2C12 form more easily than that of BSA--C12C2C12. Addition of ...
Rowland Andrew - - 2007
Studies were performed to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the reduction in Km values of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) substrates observed for incubations conducted in the presence of albumin. Addition of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and fatty acid-free human serum albumin (HSA-FAF), but not "crude" HSA, resulted in an approximate 90% ...
Stoddart Leigh A - - 2007
In cells lacking expression of Ca(2+)-mobilizing G proteins, coexpression of human GPR40 and Galpha(q) allowed medium- and long-chain fatty acids to elevate intracellular [Ca(2+)]. This was also observed when human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells were transfected with a GPR40-Galpha(q) fusion protein. The kinetic of elevation of intracellular [Ca(2+)] slowed ...
Tranchant Isabelle - - 2007
The development of electrochemical probes useful for investigating the occupancy by other molecules of sites on complex proteins such as human serum albumin (HSA) is described. Ferrocenyl-(oxoethylene)-fatty acid compounds of different fatty acid chain length probed different binding sites on HSA. The interaction could be changed from one primarily with ...
Fowler J Charlotte - - 2007
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate 111In- and 99mTc-labeled derivatives of albumin nanocolloid (NC) for dual-label lymphoscintigraphy to allow simultaneous comparison of lymphatic flow from different tissue planes draining a tumour bed for accurate identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLN). Using the chelator, p-isothiocyanatobenzyl-1,4,7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid ...
Simard Jeffrey R - - 2007
The concentration of long-chain (14-18 carbons) fatty acids (FA) free in solution (unbound) is difficult to measure directly because of the low aqueous solubility of these common dietary FA. One indirect and convenient way to measure the concentration of unbound FA is a method using the fluorescent-(acrylodan) labeled intestinal FA-binding ...
Ito Azusa - - 2006
The binding of an amino acid, glycine (Gly), alanine (Ala), epsilon-aminocaproic acid (-AC), monosodium glutamate (GluNa), or lysine (Lys), to starch was examined by a biomolecular interaction analyzer (IAsys). A starch sample (ATS) hydrolyzed to an extent of 1% hydrolysis rate with 15% sulfuric acid was used as a model ...
Hernick Marcy - - 2006
The metal-dependent enzyme UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (LpxC) catalyzes the conversion of UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)-N-acetylglucosamine to UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)glucosamine and acetate. This is the committed step in the biosynthesis of lipid A, and for this reason, LpxC is a target for the development of antibiotics in the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections. Here we examine the ...
Gan Yonghong - - 2006
Syntheses of new benzophenone-containing fatty acids (FABPs) 1, 5, and 6 and a new route to FABP 3 are described. Combined with the known 2 and 4, these FABPs comprise a set of photoactivatable fatty acid analogues with the crosslinking site at defined distances from the carboxylic acid hydroxyl group ...
Huber Andrew H - - 2006
We report the first measurements for profiling mixtures of unbound free fatty acids. Measurements utilized fluorescent probes with distinctly different response profiles for different free fatty acids (FFA). These probes were constructed by labeling site-specific mutants of the rat intestinal fatty acid binding protein (rI-FABP) with acrylodan. The probes were ...
Simonian R A - - 2006
The mechanism of uncoupling by lauryl sulfate (LS) has been studied. The very fact that uncoupling by low concentration of LS (a strong acid) resembles very much that by fatty acids (weak acids) was used as an argument against the fatty acid cycling scheme of uncoupling where protonated fatty acids ...
Ojala Pauli J - - 2006
Alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP, orosomucoid), a major acute phase protein in plasma, displays potent cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory activities whose molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Because AGP binds various exogenous drugs, we have searched for endogenous ligands for AGP. We found that AGP binds lysophospholipids in a manner discernible from albumin ...
Barbato Francesco - - 2007
The retention of 10 quinolone antibacterial agents on HPLC stationary phases supporting human serum albumin (HSA) or alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) was investigated. Among ofloxacine and flumequine, the two chiral compounds in the selected set, only the latter showed a split chromatographic peak and only on HSA but not on AGP, ...
Carballal S - - 2007
Sulfenic acid (RSOH) is a central intermediate in both the reversible and irreversible redox modulation by reactive species of an increasing number of proteins involved in signal transduction and enzymatic pathways. In this paper we focus on human serum albumin (HSA), the most abundant plasma protein, proposed to serve antioxidant ...
Arkill Kenton Paul - - 2006
Articular cartilage extracellular matrix imposes a significant transport barrier to albumin, the principal carrier of fatty acids. It has not been previously established whether it also influences the transport of fatty acids important for chondrocyte metabolism. Albumin was labelled with rhodamine-maleimide and bound to NBD-labelled lauric acid. Plugs of fresh ...
Chen Yanhua - - 2007
As a resonance light scattering (RLS) probe, the polyelectrolyte polymethacrylic acid (PMAA) was applied in this assay. The bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA) were determined by the electrostatic interaction of PMAA and proteins. At pH 3.8 Na(2)HPO(4)-citric acid buffer solution, the RLS intensities of PMAA-BSA (HSA) ...
Sakaguchi Akane - - 2007
A novel fluorescent sensing system for alpha-glycated amino acids was created based on fructosyl amino acid binding protein (FABP) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The protein was found to bind specifically to the alpha-glycated amino acids fructosyl glutamine (Fru-Gln) and fructosyl valine (Fru-Val) while not binding to epsilon-fructosyl lysine. An Ile166Cys mutant ...
Gao Hong-Wen - - 2006
The interactions of 2', 4', 5', 7'-tetrabromo-4, 5, 6, 7-tetrachlorofluorescein (TBTCF) with BSA, ovalbumin (OVA) and poly-L-lysine (PLYS) at pH 3.70 have been investigated by combination of the spectral correction technique and the Langmuir isothermal adsorption. The active connection actions such as ion pairs, van der Waals' force, hydrogen bond, ...
Tranchant Isabelle - - 2006
A series of ferrocenyl conjugates to fatty acids have been designed and synthesized to establish the key properties required for use in biomolecular binding studies. Amperometric detection of the ferrocene conjugates was sought in the region of 0.3 V (vs Ag/AgCl) for use in protein/blood solutions. Different linkers and solubilizing ...
Mochizuki Kazuki - - 2006
It is thought that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a major regulator for fatty acid metabolism. Long-chain fatty acids have been shown to induce expression of the genes related to fatty acid metabolism through PPARalpha. However, it is unclear whether the intensity of PPARalpha activation is different among various ...
Rajaraman G - - 2007
The presence of cysteine and methionine groups together with an ability to bind long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) oxidation products makes liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) an attractive candidate against hepatocellular oxidative stress. In this report, we show that pharmacological treatment directed at modulating L-FABP level affected hepatocellular oxidant status. ...
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