Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1204
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Mattoo Autar K - - 2006
Polyamines are ubiquitous aliphatic amines that have been implicated in myriad processes, but their precise biochemical roles are not fully understood. We have carried out metabolite profiling analyses of transgenic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit engineered to accumulate the higher polyamines spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm) to bring an insight into ...
Battestin Vania - - 2007
Surface response methodology was applied to the optimization of the laboratory scale production of tannase using a lineage of Paecilomyces variotii. A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the effects of variables, including temperature ( degrees C), residue (%) (coffee husk:wheat bran), tannic acid (%) and salt solutions (%) on ...
Bekedam E Koen - - 2006
The composition of high molecular weight (HMw) coffee melanoidin populations, obtained after ethanol precipitation, was studied. The specific extinction coefficient (K(mix)) at 280, 325, 405 nm, sugar composition, phenolic group content, nitrogen content, amino acid composition, and non-protein nitrogen (NPN) content were investigated. Results show that most HMw coffee melanoidins ...
Hazelwood Lucie A - - 2006
Saccharomyces cerevisiae can use a broad range of compounds as sole nitrogen source. Many amino acids, such as leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine and methionine, are utilized through the Ehrlich pathway. The fusel acids and alcohols produced from this pathway, along with their derived esters, are important contributors to beer and wine ...
Tavares Claudinéia R O - - 2006
This work describes a method for 15N-isotope-labeled glycine synthesis, as well as details about a recovery line for nitrogen residues. To that effect, amination of alpha-haloacids was performed, using carboxylic chloroacetic acid and labeled aqueous ammonia (15NH3). Special care was taken to avoid possible 15NH3 losses, since its production cost ...
Calderón Silvia M - - 2006
The research objective was to adapt the ultraviolet (UV)-photolysis method to determine dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in aqueous extracts of aerosol samples. DON was assumed to be the difference in total concentration of inorganic nitrogen forms before and after sample irradiation. Using a 2(2) factorial design the authors found that ...
Wilkie Michael P - - 2006
The jawless fish, the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus), spends part of its life as a burrow-dwelling, suspension-feeding larva (ammocoete) before undergoing a metamorphosis into a free swimming, parasitic juvenile that feeds on the blood of fishes. We predicted that animals in this juvenile, parasitic stage have a great capacity for ...
Javed M Tayyeb - - 2007
Controlling nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) emissions is becoming a daunting technical challenge as increasingly strict emission limits are being imposed. The stringent regulations have prompted the innovation and characterization of NO(x) control technologies suitable for various applications. This paper presents a review on NO(x) removal techniques with particular reference to selective ...
Fastinger N D - - 2006
Five sources of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), which varied in darkness of color, were collected from several processing plants in the Midwestern United States. Sources of DDGS were analyzed for their amino acid and energy contents, measured for color score, and evaluated for TMEn, apparent amino acid ...
Hirner Axel - - 2006
Amino acid transport in plants is mediated by at least two large families of plasma membrane transporters. Arabidopsis thaliana, a nonmycorrhizal species, is able to grow on media containing amino acids as the sole nitrogen source. Arabidopsis amino acid permease (AAP) subfamily genes are preferentially expressed in the vascular tissue, ...
Lopes Marta S - - 2006
The mobilization of nitrogen (N) compounds and the roles played by glumes and the flag leaf during grain filling were studied in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Florida) grown under field conditions. Glumes lost twice as much of their total N content as that lost by the flag leaf ...
Zhang Y - - 2006
The premise that free amino acid or dipeptide based diets will resolve the nutritional inadequacy of formulated feeds for larval and juvenile fish and improve utilization of nitrogen in comparison to protein-based diets was tested in stomachless fish, common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) larvae. We examined the postprandial whole body ...
Remize Fabienne - - 2006
Optimization of malolactic fermentation in wine depends mainly on better understanding of nitrogen nutritional requirements of Oenococcus oeni. Four widely used starter strains and the reference ATCC BAA-1163 strain were grown in media containing different N sources: free amino acids, oligopeptides (0.5-10 kDa) or polypeptides (> 10 kDa). Amino acid ...
Remize Fabienne - - 2006
Optimization of malolactic fermentation in wine depends mainly on better understanding of nitrogen nutritional requirements of Oenococcus oeni. Four widely used starter strains and the reference ATCC BAA-1163 strain were grown in media containing different N sources: free amino acids, oligopeptides (0.5-10 kDa) or polypeptides (> 10 kDa). Amino acid ...
Slininger Patricia J - - 2006
Nutrition-based strategies to optimize xylose to ethanol conversion by Pichia stipitis were identified in growing and stationary-phase cultures provided with a defined medium varied in nitrogen, vitamin, purine/pyrimidine, and mineral content via full or partial factorial designs. It is surprising to note that stationary-phase cultures were unable to ferment xylose ...
Cowieson A J - - 2006
The effect of the ingestion of myo-inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) and phytase (EC 3.1.3.26) on the digestibility of casein was investigated using growing broiler chickens. A total of 64 female Ross broilers were used in a precision feeding study. One group of 8 birds was fed a solution of glucose to ...
Kingsbury Joanne M - - 2006
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is both an emerging opportunistic pathogen and a close relative of pathogenic Candida species. To better understand the ecology of fungal infection, we investigated the importance of pathways involved in uptake, metabolism, and biosynthesis of nitrogen and carbon compounds for survival of a clinical S. cerevisiae strain in ...
Lenclen Richard - - 2006
Parenteral nutrition (PN) plays an important role in the nutritional support of very preterm newborns. It has been suggested that a high proportion of PN orders could be standardized. In 2002, we implemented in our unit the preparation of three standardized formulations for PN adapted to the nutritional requirements of ...
Soudan Khaldoun - - 2006
Metabolic acidosis is frequently present, poorly controlled, and associated with adverse effects among hemodialysis patients. Potential determinants of metabolic acidosis include endogenous acid production, administration of alkali, neutralization of acid by buffers, dilution of serum bicarbonate by interdialytic fluid gain, and loss of bicarbonate in stool. Understanding the relative importance ...
Demain Arnold L - - 2006
Biosynthesis of beta-lactam antibiotics by fungi and actinomycetes is markedly affected by compounds containing nitrogen. The different processes employed by the spectrum of microbes capable of making these valuable compounds are affected differently by particular compounds. Ammonium ions, except at very low concentrations, exert negative effects via nitrogen metabolite repression, ...
Yannicelli Steven - - 2006
Failure to thrive has been described in patients with organic acidaemias due to a variety of causes, both organic and inorganic. Failure to thrive in patients with methylmalonic acidaemia (MMA) and propionic acidaemia (PA) may be related to inadequate protein and energy intake rather than pathology of disease. Inadequate protein ...
Marini Juan C - - 2006
Mouse models for urea cycle disorders have been available for the past 30 y; however, until now, no measurements of urea production in vivo have been conducted. Urea entry rate was determined in Otc(spf-ash) and littermate controls employing a primed-continuous infusion of 15N15N urea. A saline infusion control, a complete ...
Millard Peter - - 2006
Studies of small trees growing in pots have established that individual amino acids or amides are translocated in the xylem sap of a range of tree species following bud burst, as a consequence of nitrogen (N) remobilization from storage. This paper reports the first study of N translocation in the ...
Guthke R - - 2006
The kinetics of 18 amino acids, ammonia (NH3) and urea (UREA) in 18 liver cell bioreactor runs were analyzed and simulated by a two-compartment model consisting of a system of 42 differential equations. The model parameters, most of them representing enzymatic activities, were identified and their values discussed with respect ...
Stemmler Konrad - - 2006
Nitrous acid is a significant photochemical precursor of the hydroxyl radical, the key oxidant in the degradation of most air pollutants in the troposphere. The sources of nitrous acid in the troposphere, however, are still poorly understood. Recent atmospheric measurements revealed a strongly enhanced formation of nitrous acid during daytime ...
Kang S W - - 2007
The production of penicillic acid by Aspergillus sclerotiorum CGF for the biocontrol of Phytophthora disease was investigated in submerged fermentation using media composed of different nutrients. Soluble starch was found to be the most effective substrate among the carbon sources used, and produced the highest penicillic acid concentration of 2.98 ...
Liang Ying - - 2006
Cultures of the marine diatoms Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Chaetoceros muelleri were grown in f/2 medium supplied with either nitrate (N-Nt), ammonium (N-Am) or urea (N-Ur) as the nitrogen (N) source at the same final N concentration (0.88 mM). Exponential growth phase cultures of the two diatoms were exposed to four ...
Tejera Noel - - 2006
Several nitrogen compounds were identified and quantified in the apoplastic and symplastic sap of sugarcane stems. The sap of stems was composed mainly of soluble sugars, which constituted 95% of the total organic compounds detected. Sap also contained nitrogen compounds, with amino acids (50-70% of N) and proteins (20-30% of ...
Petzke Klaus J - - 2006
The stable-isotopic composition of nitrogen (delta15N) or carbon (delta13C) of body tissues depends on the isotopic composition of food sources and on shifts due to isotopic fractionation during metabolism. As little is known about the effects of pathophysiological conditions we measured delta15N and delta13C values in hair and hair amino ...
Pencharz Paul B - - 2006
Nitrogen balances have been conducted in preterm infants, preschool children, and 6- to 10-year-old children to determine dietary indispensable amino acid. A recent review concluded that the data, being sufficiently uncertain, could not be used as the basis for defining amino acid requirements in infants and children. Therefore, it was ...
Hwang I S - - 2006
The combined ADEPT (Anaerobic Digestion Elutriated Phased Treatment)- SHARON (Single reactor system High Ammonium Removal Over Nitrite)--ANAMMOX (Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation) processes were operated for the purpose of resource recovery and nitrogen removal from slurry-type piggery waste. The ADEPT operated at acidogenic loading rates of 3.95 gSCOD/L-day, the SCOD elutriation rate ...
Bhattacharya Pradip - - 2005
The study was undertaken to analyze the rate of uptake and utilization of various amino acids by Azospirillum brasilense Sp81 (RG) in a basal mineral salts solution under non-nitrogen fixing condition. These amino acids including other nitrogenous compounds were tested for both N- and C-sources. The kinetic constants (Km and ...
Plank Natalie O V - - 2005
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have been fluorinated by CF4 plasma exposure and further functionalized with 1,2-diaminoethane. The degree of amino functionalization is dependent on the degree of initial fluorination rather than oxygen or carbon defects. Reaction at both ends of 1,2-diaminoethane was observed to increase with fluorine content. Back-gated SWNT ...
Rodríguez-Lado L - - 2006
Calculations of critical loads of acidity within Europe have shown Galicia to be one of the regions in Spain with the highest risk of soil acidification by deposition of atmospheric pollutants. We used the simple mass balance method (SMB) to derive critical loads of sulphur and nitrogen for forest soils ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2005
The biosynthetic pathway of pamamycin (1), a nitrogen-containing polyketide, was investigated using blocked mutants of Streptomyces alboniger. Hydroxy acids K (3), L (4) and S (5) were found in cultured materials of blocked mutants and the wild type strain, but no PM-ketone (2) was detected. Hydroxy acids 3, 4, 5 ...
Okabe Takahiro - - 2005
Carnivorous plants usually grow in nutrient-deficient habitats, and thus they partly depend on insects for nitrogen and phosphate needed for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis. We report that a sticky digestive liquid from a sundew, Drosera adelae, contains an abundant amount of an S-like ribonuclease (RNase) that shows high amino ...
Sun Chengzao - - 2006
The design, synthesis, and evaluation of two N-alkylmaleimide aldehydes have been achieved, which upon reductive alkylation with the C3'-amino group of doxorubicin (DOX) permits the preparation of DOX conjugates via Michael addition of thiol-containing vectors. This method enables the mild, facile, and high-throughput preparation of DOX conjugates that retain the ...
Winter Jennifer G - - 2006
Annual export rates, or fluxes, of total nitrogen (TN), nitrate, total phosphorus (TP) and potassium from four streams on two golf courses on the Precambrian Shield were compared with those from forested reference locations. Overall, the mean annual fluxes of K, TN, NO(3) and TP from golf courses were greater ...
Silberbach Maike - - 2005
Nitrogen is an essential component of nearly all of the complex macromolecules in a bacterial cell, e.g. proteins, nucleic acids, and cell wall components. Accordingly, most prokaryotes have developed elaborate control mechanisms to provide an optimal supply of nitrogen for cellular metabolism and to cope with situations of nitrogen limitation. ...
Dupont J - - 2005
The New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers (NEG/ECP) adopted the Acid Rain Action Plan in June 1998, and issued a series of action items to support its work toward a reduction of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and nitrogen oxide (NO(x)) emissions in northeastern North America. One of these action items ...
Hayaloglu A A - - 2005
Turkish White-brined cheese was manufactured using Lactococcus strains (Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis NCDO763 plus L. lactis ssp. cremoris SK11 and L. lactis ssp. lactis UC317 plus L. lactis ssp. cremoris HP) or without a starter culture, and ripened for 90 d. It was found that the use of starters significantly ...
Kao C M - - 2006
Klebsiella oxytoca, isolated from cyanide-containing wastewater, was able to utilize many nitriles as sole source of nitrogen. The major objective of this study was to explore the ability of K. oxytoca to utilize some nitriles and then further evaluate the pathways of transformation of cyanide compounds by K. oxytoca. Results ...
Liao Wei - - 2006
Concentrated acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials is a conventional treatment process for the production of mono-sugars. However, this method has been proved ineffective and undesirable for the treatment of dairy manure due to the high nitrogen content of dairy manure and the environmental issues caused by the use of highly ...
Curtis C J - - 2005
Over the period 1988-2002, data from 18 of the 22 lakes and streams in the UK Acid Waters Monitoring Network (AWMN) show clear trends of declining excess sulphate concentrations in response to reductions in sulphur deposition, but fewer trends in increasing pH or alkalinity. There has been no significant decline ...
Fowler D - - 2005
Emissions of a precursor of acidity in precipitation, sulphur dioxide (SO2), declined in the UK and the EU (15) by 71% and 72%, respectively, between 1986 and 2001, while nitrous oxide emissions declined by about 40%. Acidity in UK precipitation and the deposition of sulphate in precipitation halved during this ...
Dutilleul Christelle - - 2005
The Nicotiana sylvestris mutant, CMS, lacks the mitochondrial gene nad7 and functional complex I, and respires using low-affinity NADH (alternative) mitochondrial dehydrogenases. Here, we show that this adjustment of respiratory pathways is associated with a profound modification of foliar carbon-nitrogen balance. CMS leaves are characterized by abundant amino acids compared ...
Panagiotou Gianni - - 2005
The two most widespread pentose sugars found in the biosphere are d-xylose and l-arabinose. They are both potential substrates for ethanol production. The purpose of this study was to better understand the redox constraints imposed to Fusarium oxysporum during utilization of pentoses. In order to increase ethanol yield and decrease ...
Davis Meryl A - - 2005
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans can use a wide range of compounds as nitrogen sources. The synthesis of the various catabolic enzymes needed to breakdown these nitrogen sources is regulated by the areA gene, which encodes a GATA transcription factor required to activate gene expression under nitrogen-limiting conditions. The areA102 ...
Mao I-Fang - - 2005
This study involved sampling over 1 year of data on exposure to acid aerosols in the geothermal area of metropolitan Taipei. The temporal and spatial variations of the concentrations of acid aerosols were assessed by sampling at three sites: A, B, and C. Results indicate that the SO2 concentrations lead ...
Stewart Gavin S - - 2005
Maintaining a correct balance of N is essential for life. In mammals, the major sources of N in the diet are amino acids and peptides derived from ingested proteins. The immediate endproduct of mammalian protein catabolism is ammonia, which is toxic to cells if allowed to accumulate. Therefore, amino acids ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >