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Results 201 - 250 of 1201
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Ulrich Cynthia E - - 2007
The leaf-litter fungus Coprinus cinereus maintains a pool of free amino acid in its mycelium. When the organism is grown under conditions of high nitrogen availability with 13.2 mmol.L-1 L-asparagine as the nitrogen source, the primary constituents of this pool are glutamine, alanine, and glutamic acid. Together these 3 amino ...
Fu Yao - - 2007
The ion-pair acidities of organic acids in THF are fundamental to synthetic organic chemistry. Although the ion-pair acidities of a number of carbon acids have been experimentally measured by Streitwieser and co-workers, it is important to develop a theoretical method that can accurately predict these quantities because not all the ...
Mert-Türk Figen - - 2008
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is one of the most important oilseed crops in temperate climates. Erysiphe cruciferarum is an important disease of oilseed rape and causes crop loss in warmer areas of Europe. The research investigated the effect of nitrogen fertilizer and fungicidal treatment against powdery mildew infection caused ...
Ritt J-F - - 2008
AIMS: Oenococcus oeni is a slow-growing wine bacterium with a low growth yield. It thrives better on complex nitrogen sources than on free amino-acid medium. We aimed to characterize the oligopeptide use of this micro-organism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Several peptides of two to eight amino-acid residues were able to provide ...
Winter Gal - - 2008
Weak organic acids are an important class of food preservatives that are particularly efficacious towards yeast and fungal spoilage. While acids with small aliphatic chains appear to function by acidification of the cytosol and are required at high concentrations to inhibit growth, more hydrophobic organic acids such as sorbic and ...
Vilanova M - - 2007
Surveys conducted worldwide have shown that a significant proportion of grape musts are suboptimal for yeast nutrients, especially assimilable nitrogen. Nitrogen deficiencies are linked to slow and stuck fermentations and sulphidic off-flavour formation. Nitrogen supplementation of grape musts has become common practice; however, almost no information is available on the ...
Kornievskaya Valeria S - - 2007
1H NMR and CIDNP methods were used to demonstrate that triterpene glycoside (glycyrrhizic acid, GA) can substantially change the efficiency and direction of phototransformation of alkaloid lappaconitine (LA) due to both its solubilization in GA micelles and protonation of LA amine nitrogen in water-alcohol solutions. The LA solubilization in the ...
Vázquez-Añón M - - 2007
A dual-effluent continuous culture system was used to investigate, in a 2 x 2 factorial design, the effect of feeding a fresh (FF) or oxidized (OF) blend of unsaturated fats (33% fish oil, 33% corn oil, 26% soybean oil, and 7% inedible tallow) when supplemented with a blend of antioxidants ...
Kruse C - - 2007
Evidence from field experiments indicates differential roles of sulfur and nitrogen supply for plant resistance against pathogens. Dissection of these observations in defined pathosystems and controlled nutritional conditions indicates an activation of plant sulfur metabolism in several incompatible and compatible interactions. Contents of cysteine and glutathione as markers of primary ...
Garrett Jinnie M - - 2008
The general amino acid permease (Gap1p) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a broad range, low affinity permease that imports amino acids in cells growing on poor nitrogen sources. This permease also signals the presence of amino acids through the fermentable growth medium pathway allowing the cell to respond to new sources ...
Doolittle Mark - - 2008
A gram-negative facultative anaerobic enteric bacterium, Klebsiella pneumoniae was isolated from the hindgut of the Formosan subterranean termite (FST). It was characterized using, fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis, BIOLOG assay, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and biochemical studies. The role of this isolate seems to be nitrogen ...
Fiala Radovan - - 2007
The paper presents a set of two-dimensional experiments that utilize direct (13)C detection to provide proton-carbon, carbon-carbon and carbon-nitrogen correlations in the bases of nucleic acids. The set includes a (13)C-detected proton-carbon correlation experiment for the measurement of (13)C-(13)C couplings, the CaCb experiment for correlating two quaternary carbons, the HCaCb ...
Radchuk Ruslana - - 2007
Seed maturation responds to endogenous and exogenous signals like nutrient status, energy and hormones. We recently showed that phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) overexpression in Vicia narbonensis seeds alters seed metabolism and channels carbon into organic acids, resulting in greater seed storage capacity and increased protein content. Thus, these lines represent models ...
Rojas-Rosas Oscar - - 2007
The production and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHAs) from glucose in Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 is described. We determined that the synthesis of PHAs was not due to a complete lack of nitrogen source, as previously reported for other microorganisms. The synthesis of PHAs was observed during exponential growth and ...
Ayachi Samah - - 2007
Spirulina platensis (=Arthrospira platensis) is a tunisian strain which has been isolated for the first time in Oued Essed (Sousse, Sidi Bou Ali). Biomass evolution, proteins, chlorophylls and fatty acids composition of this alga were monitored by varying nitrogen concentrations in the culture medium. Nitrogen stress was provoked by adding ...
Martín-del-Campo S T - - 2007
The suitability of mid-infrared spectroscopy (MIR) to follow the evolution throughout ripening of specific physicochemical parameters in Camembert-type cheeses was evaluated. The infrared spectra were obtained directly from raw cheese samples deposited on an attenuated total reflectance crystal. Significant correlations were observed between physicochemical data, pH, acid-soluble nitrogen, nonprotein nitrogen, ...
Solaiman Daniel K Y - - 2007
A simplified medium containing only soy molasses and oleic acid as ingredients was developed for the production of sophorolipids (SLs) from Candida bombicola. We achieved a product yield of 53 +/- 3 g of purified sophorolipids per liter of starting culture volume, which is 71 +/- 4% of the yield ...
Ranjith N K - - 2007
Rhodobacter sphaeroides OU5 utilized l-phenylalanine as sole source of nitrogen for growth. The metabolites of l-phenylalanine catabolism, i.e. 4-hydroxy phenylalanine (l-tyrosine), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-pyruvic acid (DOPP), 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid (DOPLA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-acetic acid (DOPAc) and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (PC), were identified using liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (LC-MS). With 2-oxoglutarate as an amino acceptor, DOPA ...
Ptolemy A S - - 2007
Despite the wide interest in using modified amino acids as putative biomarkers of oxidative stress, many issues remain as to their overall reliability for early detection and diagnosis of diseases. In contrast to conventional single biomarker studies, comprehensive analysis of biomarkers offers an unbiased strategy for global assessment of modified ...
Nix-Stohr Shannon - - 2008
Four experiments were conducted to assess the effect of foliar applications of various nutrient solutions on the phylloplane yeast community of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). In the first three experiments, increasing concentrations of sucrose (2-16%), yeast extract (0.5-2.5%), and sucrose plus yeast extract (2.5-18.5% total) were applied and the ...
Zeid I M - - 2007
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, Siwa 1) seeds were subjected to drought stress during germination by using polyethylene glycol (PEG 4000) for studying the changes in some enzyme activities involved in nitrogen metabolism and the content of nitrogenous compounds during the first four days of growth after putrescine (Put) treatment. Decreasing the ...
Chan Winnie I - - 2007
The solubilization of blood meal by means of the microwave-hydrogen peroxide enhanced advanced-oxidation process (MW/H(2)O(2)-AOP) was studied. It was found that over the treatment temperature range of 60 to 120 degrees C, solids particle reduction, ammonia and orthophosphate production could be achieved by this process. Large protein molecules were broken ...
Granvogl Michael - - 2007
Sulfur (S) fertilization has been long-known to influence the amounts of total free amino acids in plants. To determine the impact of S deficiency in wheat on the concentration of, in particular, free asparagine, the spring wheat cultivar 'Star' was grown in a laboratory scale (5 L pot) at five ...
Sakdapipanich Jitladda Tangpakdee - - 2007
A structural characterization of natural rubber (NR) was carried out by a combination of selective enzymatic treatment and high-resolution characterization techniques. The nitrogenous groups in NR from Hevea brasiliensis have been regarded as an important factor governing cured rubber properties, although there is no structural evidence to prove that relationship. ...
Arrizon J - - 2007
AIMS: To study the effect of the addition of different nitrogen sources at high sugar concentration in the tequila fermentation process. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fermentations were performed at high sugar concentration (170 g l(-1)) using Agave tequilana Weber blue variety with and without added nitrogen from different sources (ammonium sulfate; ...
Valentine Christina J - - 2007
The neonate receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy requires a physiologically appropriate solution in quantity and quality given according to a timely, cost-effective strategy. Maintaining tissue integrity, metabolism, and growth in a neonate is challenging. To support infant growth and influence subsequent development requires critical timing for nutrition assessment and intervention. ...
O'Malley Daniel P - - 2007
The dimeric pyrrole imidazole natural products are a growing class of alkaloids with exotic connectivity, unique topologies, high nitrogen content, and exciting bioactivities. This full account traces the evolution of a strategy that culminated in the first total syntheses of several members of this family, including sceptrin, ageliferin, nagelamide E, ...
Rustler Sven - - 2007
Different nitriles were used as sole sources of nitrogen in a series of enrichments under acidic conditions to isolate acidotolerant nitriles hydrolysing microorganisms. From an enrichment in Na-citrate-phosphate buffer at pH 4 with glucose as carbon source and phenylacetonitrile as sole source of nitrogen, a black yeast (strain R1) was ...
Finke Mark D - - 2007
Insects contain significant amounts of fiber as measured by crude fiber, acid detergent fiber (ADF) or neutral detergent fiber (NDF). It has always been assumed that the fiber in insects represents chitin based on the structural similarity between cellulose and chitin and the fact that the ADF fraction from insects ...
Nahm K H - - 2007
This summary focuses on reducing nitrogen (N) and ammonia emissions from poultry manure through the use of improved amino acid digestibilities and enzyme supplementation. Proper feed processing techniques, phase feeding, and the minimization of feed and water waste can contribute to additional minor reductions in these emissions. Reductions in environmental ...
Scharff-Poulsen Anne Marie - - 2007
A novel method for on-line determination of the amount and position of 15N-labeling in complex mixtures of amino acids is presented. Underivatized amino acids were analyzed by ion-pair chromatography in combination with mass spectrometry. This enables the direct determination of the 15N label distribution. The fragmentation pathways of the nitrogen ...
Lee Yang Doo - - 2007
Carbon-nitrogen (CN) nanofibers were synthesized in argon-nitrogen gas mixture at 75 MPa by high isostatic pressure (HIP) apparatus using a graphite resistive heater. The CN nanofibers were grown in random with the diameter of about 200 nm and the length over 5 microm. The structures obtained can be divided bamboo-like, ...
Waldner Peter - - 2007
Air pollution affects forest health through atmospheric deposition of acidic and nitrogen compounds and elevated levels of tropospheric ozone (O3). In 1985, a monitoring network was established across Europe and various research efforts have since been undertaken to define critical values. We measured atmospheric deposition of acidity and nitrogen as ...
Bytnerowicz Andrzej - - 2007
Since the mid-1950s, native pines in the San Bernardino Mountains (SBM) in southern California have shown symptoms of decline. Initial studies in 1963 showed that ozone (O3) generated in the upwind Los Angeles Basin was responsible for the injury and decline of sensitive trees. Ambient O3 decreased significantly by the ...
Prashanth M S - - 2007
We studied the effect of free cyanide on several aspects of nitrogen metabolism in the gills, liver, and muscle tissue of the Indian major carp, Cirrhinus mrigala. Free amino acid levels and protease activity were elevated following exposure to lethal and sublethal doses of free cyanide. At the lethal concentration, ...
Ulanov Alexander - - 2007
Metabolite profiling of untransformed and cyanamide hydratase- (Cah) transformed (denoted 1C) soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill) leaves revealed only small differences in plants grown in the greenhouse or in the dark for 24 h, indicating that the Cah enzyme that converts cyanamide to urea has no substrates in soybean leaves ...
Martinelli Tommaso - - 2007
The present study analyses changes in nitrogen compounds, amino acid composition, and glutamate metabolism in the resurrection plant Sporobolus stapfianus during dehydration stress. Results showed that older leaves (OL) were desiccation-sensitive whereas younger leaves (YL) were desiccation-tolerant. OL lost their soluble protein more rapidly, and to a larger extent than ...
Nimni Marcel E - - 2007
Sulfur, after calcium and phosphorus, is the most abundant mineral element found in our body. It is available to us in our diets, derived almost exclusively from proteins, and yet only 2 of the 20 amino acids normally present in proteins contains sulfur. One of these amino acids, methionine, cannot ...
Leek Aidan B G - - 2007
An investigation was conducted into the influence of manure composition on the odour emission rate (OER) and the emission rate of ammonia (NH(3)), when diets containing 130, 160, 190 and 210gkg(-1) crude protein (CP) were fed to finishing pigs. A group of four boars and four gilts, housed in environmentally ...
Blachier F - - 2007
Depending on the amount of alimentary proteins, between 6 and 18 g nitrogenous material per day enter the large intestine lumen through the ileocaecal junction. This material is used as substrates by the flora resulting eventually in the presence of a complex mixture of metabolites including ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, short ...
Lurmann Frederick W - - 2006
Air quality data collected in the California Regional PM10/ PM(2.5) Air Quality Study (CRPAQS) are analyzed to qualitatively assess the processes affecting secondary aerosol formation in the San Joaquin Valley (SJV). This region experiences some of the highest fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) mass concentrations in California (< or = 188 ...
Ruiz-Bermejo M - - 2007
We report the synthesis of purine bases and other heterocycles and the formation of amino acids, hydroxy acids and dihydroxy compounds by the spark activation of an atmosphere of methane, nitrogen and hydrogen, in the presence of an aqueous aerosol. With the aid of the interface air-water, the organic material ...
Otero Edwige - - 2006
Considerable variation is observed in the near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectra of amino acids. To unambiguously characterize the chemical origin of this variation, we have acquired the nitrogen 1s NEXAFS spectra of several amino acids and other model compounds and complemented these experimental measurements with ab initio calculations ...
Lacroix Magali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The in vivo quality of milk protein fractions has seldom been studied in humans. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the postprandial utilization of dietary nitrogen from 3 [(15)N]-labeled milk products: micellar caseins (MC), milk soluble protein isolate (MSPI), and total milk protein (TMP). DESIGN: The macronutrient intakes of ...
Shipley Lisa A - - 2006
Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) comprises up to 99% of the winter and 50% of the summer diets of pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis). Few animals specialize on such plants as sagebrush, which contain high levels of plant chemicals that can be toxic. We investigated the nutritional requirements of pygmy rabbits and their ...
Cross Joanna M - - 2006
Our understanding of the interaction of carbon (C) metabolism with nitrogen (N) metabolism and growth is based mainly on studies of responses to environmental treatments, and studies of mutants and transformants. Here, we investigate which metabolic parameters vary and which parameters change in a coordinated manner in 24 genetically diverse ...
Sun Zhiyong - - 2007
Pseudomonas putida KT2440 grew on glucose at a specific rate of 0.48 h(-1) but accumulated almost no poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA). Subsequent nitrogen limitation on nonanoic acid resulted in the accumulation of only 27% medium-chain-length PHA (MCL-PHA). In contrast, exponential nonanoic acid-limited growth (mu = 0.15 h(-1)) produced 70 g l(-1) biomass ...
Mattoo Autar K - - 2006
Polyamines are ubiquitous aliphatic amines that have been implicated in myriad processes, but their precise biochemical roles are not fully understood. We have carried out metabolite profiling analyses of transgenic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit engineered to accumulate the higher polyamines spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm) to bring an insight into ...
Battestin Vania - - 2007
Surface response methodology was applied to the optimization of the laboratory scale production of tannase using a lineage of Paecilomyces variotii. A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the effects of variables, including temperature ( degrees C), residue (%) (coffee husk:wheat bran), tannic acid (%) and salt solutions (%) on ...
Bekedam E Koen - - 2006
The composition of high molecular weight (HMw) coffee melanoidin populations, obtained after ethanol precipitation, was studied. The specific extinction coefficient (K(mix)) at 280, 325, 405 nm, sugar composition, phenolic group content, nitrogen content, amino acid composition, and non-protein nitrogen (NPN) content were investigated. Results show that most HMw coffee melanoidins ...
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