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Abe Hideaki - - 2013
Mesotocin is a neurohypophyseal hormone found in some non-mammalian vertebrates, including birds, reptiles, and amphibians. In this study, we identified and characterized 18-amino acid duplications in the C-terminal domain of the mesotocin receptor (MTR), specifically found in Turdus thrushes (Aves: Passeriforms: Turdidae). These duplicated elements are located in the distal ...
Sritara Chanika - - 2012
Serum uric acid levels have recently been found to be associated with bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly males. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between bone-related phenotypes and serum uric acid levels in young and middle-aged males and females. Subjects consisted of 1320 males ...
Tanabe Takamasa - - 2012
A new amino acid derived fluorescent linker for attaching molecules to the surface of a microelectrode array has been developed. Molecules to be monitored on an array are attached to the C-terminus of the linker, the N-terminus is then used to attach the linker to the array, and the sidechain ...
Ram Jeffrey L - - 2012
The effectiveness of zosteric acid, a natural antifoulant from the marine seagrass Zostera marina, in preventing the attachment of quagga mussels, a biofouling bivalve, was investigated. Animals were exposed to water containing zosteric acid ranging from 0 to 1000 ppm, and their attachment to the container glass walls was tracked with ...
Zhang Gui-Fen - - 2011
A calix[4]arene lipoic acid (C4LA) was synthesized by click chemistry in 62% yield. It was immobilized on Au surfaces via self-assembly to offer C4LA Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs). The SAMs show wettability and electrochemical impedance dual-signal response for methomyl with highly sensitivity and selectivity.
Bourdier Thomas - - 2011
An efficient fully automated method for the radiosynthesis of enantiomerically pure O-(2-[(18)F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine ([(18)F]FET) using the GE TracerLab FX(FN) synthesis module via the O-(2-tosyloxyethyl)-N-trityl-l-tyrosine tert-butylester precursor has been developed. The radiolabelling of [(18)F]FET involved a classical [(18)F]fluoride nucleophilic substitution performed in acetonitrile using potassium carbonate and Kryptofix 222, followed by acid ...
Wawire Michael - - 2011
Cowpea, an African leafy vegetable ( Vigna unguiculata ), contains a high level of vitamin C. The leaves harvested at 4-9 weeks are highly prone to vitamin C losses during handling and processing. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to study the effect of thermal treatment on the stability ...
Hedberg Gail E - - 2011
The goals of this study were to have an improved understanding of milk composition and to help create a suitable milk formula for cubs raised in captivity. Milk samples were evaluated for fat, fatty acids, carbohydrate, vitamin D(3) , 25(OH)D(3) , vitamin A (retinol), vitamin E (α-tocopherol), protein, and amino ...
Shinto Lynne - - 2011
In multiple sclerosis (MS), compromised blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity contributes to inflammatory T cell migration into the central nervous system. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with BBB disruption and subsequent T cell migration into the CNS. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids ...
Kratz Ewa M EM Department of Chemistry and Immunochemistry, Wrocław Medical University, Poland. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare fucose and sialic acid residue expression on fibronectin and α{1}-acid glycoprotein in the seminal plasma of men suspected of infertility and suffering from leukocytospermia. Seminal ejaculates were collected from 27 leukocytospermic and 18 healthy, normozoospermic men. The relative degree of fucosylation and ...
Majumdar Sangita - - 2010
Earlier, we proposed that the ability of folic acid and vitamin B(12) to preserve systemic and mitochondrial function after short-term exposure to arsenic may prevent further progression to more permanent injury and pathological changes leading to cell death. To elucidate its mechanism, the present study examined the antiapoptotic efficacy of ...
Hackl W - - 2010
Inclemency of weather frequently causes critical water contents in cereal grains above 15%. Ensiling in pre-mature condition may be an alternative to other techniques of preservation. Aim of this study was to compare apparent total tract digestibility (D(t) ; barley, wheat, triticale, rye) of proximate nutrients and pre-caecal digestibility (D(pc); ...
Imran Mohammad - - 2010
In the present work, the fruits of four Morus species, namely Morus alba (white mulberry), Morus nigra (black mulberry), Morus laevigata (large white fruit), and Morus laevigata (large black fruit), were analyzed for proximate composition, essential minerals, and antioxidant potentials. For this purpose, the ripe fruits were collected from the ...
Ciulu Marco - - 2011
The assessment and validation of reliable analytical methods for the determination of vitamins in sugar-based matrices (e.g. honey) are still scarcely explored fields of research. This study proposes and fully validates a simple and fast RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of five water-soluble vitamins (vitamin B(2), riboflavin; vitamin B(3), ...
Li Daning - - 2010
Exposure of human skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes erythema and pigmentation. Guinea pigs are recognized as having pigmentation similar to that of humans, after exposure to UV radiation. Recently, the curative effect of oral treatment of tranexamic acid in skin pigmentation was confirmed by many doctors in China. Our ...
Pan DengKe - - 2010
Omega-3(omega-3) fatty acid desaturase transgenic pigs may improve carcass fatty acid composition. The use of transgenic pigs is also an excellent large animal model for studying the role of omega-3 fatty acids in the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease and cancer. Transgenic pigs carrying synthesized fatty acid desaturase-1 ...
Cho Joong Hyung - - 2010
This study evaluated the anti-asthmatic activities of four diterpene acids isolated from Aralia cordata root that are proposed to be the active ingredients in its traditional use as a treatment for inflammation, overheating, pain and spasm in Korea. The diterpene acids were identified as kaurenoic acid, 7-oxo-sandaracopimaric acid, 17-hydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid, ...
Manolescu Bogdan N - - 2010
Homocysteine (Hcy), a sulfur amino acid, is the only direct precursor for L-methionine synthesis through a reaction that requires vitamin B₁₂, representing a connection with "one-carbon" units metabolism. Hcy catabolism requires vitamin B₆ and as a consequence, alteration in folic acid and B vitamins status impairs Hcy biotransformation. Numerous studies ...
Krieglstein Josef - - 2010
Mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) like oleic acid have been shown to cause apoptosis of cultured endothelial cells by activating protein phosphatase type 2C alpha and beta (PP2C). The question arises whether damage of endothelial or other cells could be observed in intact animals fed with a trioleate-enriched diet. Dunkin-Hartley guinea ...
Galan Pilar - - 2010
To investigate whether dietary supplementation with B vitamins or omega 3 fatty acids, or both, could prevent major cardiovascular events in patients with a history of ischaemic heart disease or stroke. Double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial; factorial design. Recruitment throughout France via a network of 417 cardiologists, neurologists, and ...
Martín-Peláez Sandra - - 2010
A mixture of organic acids and lactulose for preventing or reducing colonization of the gut by Salmonella Typhimurium was evaluated in pigs. A total of 63 4-week-old commercial piglets were randomly distributed into three different experimental dietary groups: a plain diet without additives (PD) and the same diet supplemented with ...
Zhang S - - 2009
The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of breed, sex, and halothane (HAL-1843) genotype on fatty acid composition of triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL) extracted from porcine longissimus muscle (LM). Purebred Yorkshire (n = 131), Duroc (n = 136), Hampshire (n = 49), Spotted (n = 35), ...
Pérez-Marín D - - 2009
This work reports on the development and optimisation of NIRS technology for fat characterization both in live pigs and in carcasses in the slaughterhouse; use of this technology would enable implementation of a real-time traceability and control system based on non-destructive sensors. A total of 52 Iberian pig fat samples ...
Yang Chang-Qing - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The effect of a herbal medicine, Sho-seiryu-to (TJ-19), on oleic acid-induced lung injury, an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome or acute lung injury (ARDS/ALI), was examined. METHODS: Acute lung injury was induced by an intravenous injection of 15 microl/kg oleic acid to guinea-pigs. TJ-19 was administered by ...
Estellé J - - 2009
Despite the economic interest of the fatty acid profile in pigs, no gene has been convincingly associated with this trait so far. Here, the porcine microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) gene, which plays a crucial role in the assembly of nascent lipoproteins, has been analysed as a positional candidate gene ...
Kim Ha-Hyun - - 2009
The comparison of nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence was conducted with 9 porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) strains isolated from PCV2-infected pigs with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and 50 tissue samples obtained from PCV2-infected 50 pigs with PMWS during 2005-2007. At amino acid positions 88-89 of the ORF2 ...
Hur Yu Jin - - 2009
CD127 (the alpha chain of the IL-7 receptor) is an 80 kDa type I membrane glycoprotein that mediates the signal for the differentiation, maturation, and survival of lymphocyte development. In this study, the full-length cDNA of pig Cd127 was cloned and sequenced. Pig CD127 cDNA contains an open reading frame ...
Isaksson Christine - - 2009
The objective of this investigation was to use a pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) approach to describe and evaluate a PK model of nicotinic acid (NiAc) in guinea pigs and a PD feedback model of changes in non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations in rats following multiple intravenous infusions of NiAc at different ...
Olivares A - - 2009
The effect of dietary fat saturation (dFat) and dietary vitamin A (dVitA) level (0 IU vs. 100,000 IU) on performance, carcass characteristics and fatty acid composition in the offspring of two terminal sires: Duroc (DU) and Landrace×Large White (LD×LW) was studied. In the inner backfat layer, the DU-sired pigs had ...
McFarland Christine T - - 2008
It is well established that the nutritional status of the host affects resistance to disease. The impact of dietary lipids on experimental pulmonary infection with mycobacteria has not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the role of dietary (n-3) and (n-6) fatty acids on immunity ...
Mart??n-Pel??ez Sandra - - 2009
The effects of different pre-slaughter feed withdrawal times (FWT) on the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) weight and the gut environment of pigs and Salmonella shedding were investigated. Trial 1 evaluated the effects under experimental conditions (feed withdrawal for 18, 30 and 36 h) and trial 2 under commercial conditions (15 and ...
Oztürkcan Sedat - - 2009
This study analyzed the ototoxic effects of boric acid solutions. Boric acid solutions have been used as otologic preparations for many years. Boric acid is commonly found in solutions prepared with alcohol or distilled water but can also be found in a powder form. These preparations are used for both ...
Reimschuessel Renate - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether renal crystals can be experimentally induced in animals fed melamine or the related triazine compound cyanuric acid, separately or in combination, and to compare experimentally induced crystals with those from a cat with triazine-related renal failure. ANIMALS: 75 fish (21 tilapia, 24 rainbow trout, 15 channel ...
Htoo J K - - 2008
The objectives of this study were to determine the ileal and total tract digestibility of individual fatty acids, ether extract, energy, protein, and AA in a mix of flax and field pea (FP) and to determine whether extrusion improves the nutritive value of this mix. Five barrows (23-kg initial BW) ...
Saxena Ashima - - 2008
Human serum butyrylcholinesterase (Hu BChE) is currently under advanced development as a pretreatment drug for organophosphate (OP) poisoning in humans. It was shown to protect mice, rats, guinea pigs, and monkeys against multiple LD(50) challenges of OP nerve agents by i.v. or s.c. bolus injections. Since inhalation is the most ...
Boyen F - - 2008
Salmonella Typhimurium infections in pigs are a major source of human foodborne salmonellosis. To reduce the number of infected pigs, acidification of feed or drinking water is a common practice. The aim of the present study was to determine whether some frequently used short- (SCFA) and medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) ...
Kong Yeon Hee - - 2008
Cinnamic acid is a wildly distributed phenylpropanoid component naturally occurring in plants, and is mainly found in Cinnamomum cassia BLUME and Panax ginseng. Cinnamic acid was recently reported to exert a tyrosinase inhibitory effect. However, research on melanocytes and animal bodies was not reported until now. In this study, we ...
Lin Jing-Yi - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Isoflavones, one main group of phytoestrogens, have antioxidative and photoprotective effects in cellular and mouse studies. The aim of this study is to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the isoflavone-mediated photoprotection with the pig skin model, a more human-resembling model. METHODS: The pig skin was treated with five ...
Yueh Sunny C H - - 2008
Porcine haptoglobin (Hp) is an acute phase protein. Its plasma level increases significantly during inflammation and infection. One of the main functions of Hp is to bind free hemoglobin (Hb) and inhibit its oxidative activity. In the present report, we studied the Hp phenotype of Taiwanese Lanyu miniature pigs (TLY ...
Sanchis-Merino M Eugenia - - 2008
In order to compare the relative efficacy of topical antihistamines with balanced saline solution (BSS) and benzalkonium chloride (BC) in the early phase of allergic conjunctivitis in an animal model of ocular anaphylaxis, 96 male guinea pigs were sensitized with intraperitoneal egg albumin (EA) and aluminum hydroxide. Seventy-six animals were ...
Abdulnour-Nakhoul Solange - - 2008
Tegaserod, a 5-HT4 partial agonist, was shown to reduce esophageal acid exposure in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease; however, its mechanism of action is poorly understood. Therefore, we have examined the effect of tegaserod on luminal bicarbonate and mucin secretion in the isolated perfused pig esophagus. We also studied its ...
Antunes Marcos Luiz - - 2008
Middle ear cholesteatoma affected more than 5 million people until the 80;s. Many animal models were used, unsuccessfully, to study an alternative therapy to cholesteatoma. AIM: observe the effect of the trans-retinoic acid in the inhibition of middle ear cholesteatomas induced by propylene glycol. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and Experimental. METHODS: ...
Eriksen Jørgen - - 2008
Acidification of slurry with sulfuric acid is a recent agricultural practice that may serve a double purpose: reducing ammonia emission and ensuring crop sulfur sufficiency. We investigated S transformations in untreated and acidified pig slurry stored for up to 11 mo at 2, 10, or 20 degrees C. Furthermore, the ...
Pedersen Nis B - - 2008
Mass spectrometry of HPLC-purified porcine glucagon-like peptide-2 (pGLP-2)(1) revealed a 35 amino acid sequence with C-terminal Ser and Leu, in contrast to the 33 amino acids of human, cow, rat and mouse GLP-2. Synthetic pGLP-2 stimulated cAMP-production in COS-7 cells expressing human GLP-2 (hGLP-2) receptor with the same potency and ...
Brozmanova M - - 2007
Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common causes of chronic cough. The characteristic feature of allergic rhinitis is eosinophilic nasal inflammation. This study was determined to find the relation between airway eosinophils and chemically-induced cough in guinea pigs with antigen-induced rhinitis at the early and late allergic phases. Forty ...
Kamei Junzo - - 2008
We examined the sensitivity of the cough reflex to inhaled citric acid in guinea pigs that had been actively sensitized with the protein fraction of Aspergillus restrictus strain A-17. The number of coughs elicited by an aerosol of 5% citric acid was significantly increased in the sensitized group compared to ...
Böhme Hartwig - - 2007
The nutritive value of genetically modified myristic acid-rich rapeseed, in which a acyl-thioesterase gene inserted, was studied. Crude nutrients, amino acid and fatty acid profiles as well as mineral and glucosinolate contents were determined and compared with those of the non-transgenic parental cultivar. The concentration of crude nutrients, minerals and ...
Tecles Fernando - - 2007
The concentration of acid-soluble glycoprotein (ASG) in serum can be measured by selective precipitation with perchloric acid and then spectrophotometric quantification of the protein content in the supernatant. The purpose of this work was to standardize and optimize this procedure in pigs and to establish an automated protocol for quantification ...
Torhan April Smith - - 2007
In this study, we present the identification and characterization of hamster and guinea pig nicotinic acid receptors. The hamster receptor shares approximately 80-90% identity with the nucleotide and amino acid sequences of human, mouse, and rat receptors. The guinea pig receptor shares 76-80% identity with the nucleotide and amino acid ...
Dinardo Joe - - 2007
Dyes are a category of substances capable of inducing allergic contact dermatitis found in a variety of foods, drugs, textiles, cosmetics, and hair dyes. This study tested 33 dyes in guinea pigs using a modified Buehler and Klecak method for open epicutaneous testing. The dyes were tested at an induction ...
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