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Results 351 - 400 of 749
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Alexander S P - - 1990
In cerebral cortical slices from the guinea-pig, quinoxalinedione derivatives antagonised the generation of 3H-inositol phosphates evoked by the excitatory amino acids quisqualate and DL-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxalone propionic acid but were without effect on the trans-DL-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid and L-glutamate responses. Omission of calcium from the medium reduced the accumulation of 3H-inositol phosphates induced ...
Prohászka L - - 1990
Factors affecting colonization of the intestinal tract by salmonellas were studied in two pig herds. In herd H 18% of the faecal samples taken from live pigs and 30% of the colon content samples collected at slaughter contained salmonellas. In contrast, the 50 faecal samples taken from pigs of herd ...
Ghantous H N - - 1990
The biotransformation of halothane was studied using liver slices. Precision-cut Hartley male guinea pig liver slices (1 cm diameter; 250-300 microns thick) were incubated in sealed roller vials containing supplemented Krebs-Henseleit buffer at 37 degrees C under different O2 tensions (2.5, 21, and 95%). After a 1-hr preincubation, halothane was ...
Imamichi T - - 1990
Cinnamic acid inhibits the O2(-)-generating response of guinea pig peritoneal macrophages elicited with a chemotactic peptide, N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), but not those with ovalbumin complex of immunoglobulin G2 antibody and phorbol-myristate acetate. During the course of study on the inhibitory mechanism of cinnamic acid, we found that the acid also inhibited ...
Xu R J - - 1990
The development of the gastric acid secretory response to pentagastrin was studied using 56 Large White x Landrace pigs, 0-36 days of age, 1.1-13.3 kg body-weight, obtained from 12 litters. Gastric acid secretory capacity was measured using a gastric perfusion technique and intravenous infusion of pentagastrin at dose rates of ...
Brown F J - - 1990
A perception of structural similarities between two independent series of leukotriene antagonists (one emanating from FPL 55712 and one based upon the leukotrienes themselves) led to the discovery of a novel class of indole and indazole derived antagonists of peptidoleukotrienes. A systematic exploration of C-6 substituted 4-(indol-1-ylmethyl)-3-methoxybenzoic acids identified cyclopentylacetamide ...
Blakley B R - - 1990
Young pigs, six to ten weeks of age, from two unrelated swine operations were fed a grower ration obtained from a common commercial supplier. Following ingestion of the feed for approximately two weeks, pigs in both groups developed neurological disturbances characterized by blindness, ataxia, incoordination, muscle tremors, posterior paralysis, and ...
Goldstein E J - - 1990
An unusual gram-negative rod (RMA 1571) was isolated from a hand infection following a pig bite. This unclassified isolate was characterized by growth requirements, microscopic examination, biochemical characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility tests, and cellular fatty acid analysis. It was indole positive and produced yellow-pigmented growth, which placed it in the genus ...
Gottschlich M M - - 1990
A modular tube feeding recipe (MTF) was designed to meet the unique nutritional needs of burn patients, applying principles previously documented in our burned guinea pig model. MTF, a high-protein, low-fat, linoleic acid-restricted formulation is enriched with omega-3 fatty acids, arginine, cysteine, histidine, vitamin A, zinc, and ascorbic acid. Fifty ...
Heimgartner U - - 1990
After periodate oxidation and incubation with a dihydrazide, cross-linking of the two heavy chains of immunoglobulins G from several species proceeds specifically through their oligosaccharides. We have used malonic acid dihydrazide, adipic acid dihydrazide and dithiodipropionic acid dihydrazide. The last compound is introduced in this work as a cleavable-carbohydrate-specific cross-linker. ...
Mantelli L - - 1990
1. The effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and iloprost on the cardiac response to adrenergic nerve stimulation in guinea-pig atrial and ventricular preparations have been studied. 2. In guinea-pig isolated atria both PGE2 (0.1-10 nM) and iloprost (0.1-3 microM) concentration-dependently reduced the cardiac response to adrenergic nerve stimulation. 3. The ...
Karlberg A T - - 1990
The allergenicity of the maleic-modified rosins and their esters has been studied. The unesterified resins are mainly used in paper size and the esters in printing inks, varnishes and adhesives. The levopimaric-maleic anhydride Diels-Alder adduct (maleopimaric acid) is the main component obtained in the maleic-modified rosins. This compound was synthesized ...
Kruse-Elliott K - - 1990
We hypothesized that leukotrienes might contribute to the pathophysiology of acute lung injury induced by oleic acid. Oleic acid (2-20 mg.kg-1.h-1), LY171883 [leukotriene (LT) D4/LTE4 receptor antagonist, 10 mg/kg + 1 mg.kg-1.h-1] + oleic acid (10 mg.kg-1. h-1), or triolein (20 mg.kg-1.h-1) were infused intravenously into anesthetized pigs. Treatment with ...
Hosokawa M - - 1990
Seven carboxylesterase isozymes were purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from liver microsomes of mouse, hamster, guinea pig, rabbit, and monkey by the same procedure used previously to obtain three isozymes from the rat, and their physical, enzymological, and immunological properties were compared with those of the rat isozymes. The substrate specificity ...
Kerr D I - - 1990
1. The phosphono-analogues of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), 4-amino-butylphosphonic acid (4-ABPA), 3-amino-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-propylphosphonic acid (phaclofen) and 3-amino-2-cyclohexylpropyl-phosphonic acid, each antagonized the GABA- and baclofen-induced GABAB-receptor-mediated depression of twitch responses to transmural stimulation in the guinea-pig isolated ileum, in a concentration-dependent, reversible and surmountable manner (apparent pA2 = 4.0 +/- 0.1, 4 +/- ...
Bendele A M - - 1990
The role of articular chondrocytes and matrix degrading enzymes such as collagenase and neutral protease in the pathogenesis of quinolone-induced cartilage degeneration was investigated in immature guinea pigs. Articular cartilage from nalidixic acid (NA) treated guinea pigs was examined for the presence of protease activity or the ex vivo synthesis ...
Welch S - - 1990
1. A comparison of the chemical and physical properties of the iron transport protein transferrin, purified from the following seventeen animal sera, is reported; human, rhesus monkey, dog, cat, rabbit, guinea pig, mouse, rat, cow, sheep, goat, horse, pig, turkey, duck, turtle and rattlesnake. 2. Similarities and differences in molecular ...
Kitazawa T - - 1990
1. The pharmacological and chemical properties of substance P-like peptides isolated from an acid extract of the carp intestinal bulb were examined using guinea-pig ileum longitudinal smooth muscle. 2. On a Sephadex G25 column (3 x 96 cm), smooth muscle contracting material was eluted as two peaks (fraction-1 and fraction-2). ...
Engels F - - 1990
The influence of the linoleic acid metabolite 13-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) on guinea pig tracheal reactivity to both contractile and relaxant agonists was investigated in vitro. 13-HODE induced an increased contraction of tracheal rings to histamine, whereas methacholine responsiveness was not significantly affected. Relaxant responses to isoprenaline and prostaglandin E2 were ...
Kyrklund T - - 1990
Animals (rats, gerbils and guinea pigs) were exposed to various common solvents. The brain lipids were extracted and analysed. In particular the fatty acid pattern of a major phospholipid, ethanolamine, phosphoglyceride was studied. A major finding was that some chlorinated solvents, trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane, had effects on the ethanolamine ...
Tirel M L - - 1990
In vitro, avoparcin, flavomycin, virginiamycin bacitracin, trimethoprim + sulfadimethoxine, colistin, spiramycin, oxolinic acid, lincomycin + spectinomycin and a mixture of organic acids were able to inhibit Bacillus C.I.P. 5832. In vivo, none of these antibacterial agents, at the levels incorporated in feeds, could affect the viable bacillus count in the ...
Caruso J P - - 1990
Alveolar macrophages from genetically selected obese and lean swine were compared for in vitro phagocytic capabilities, using Fc (gamma)- and C3-mediated phagocytosis. Cells from obese pigs were significantly more effective at Fc (gamma)-mediated phagocytosis than those from lean pigs, both for percentage of total cells phagocytosing (P less than 0.044) ...
Mitchell V - - 1990
The immunocytochemical and ultrastructural features within [Met]enkephalin neurons of the guinea-pig hypothalamoseptal tract were investigated under chronic inhibition of GABAergic catabolism. This was achieved by raising the brain GABA concentration with aminooxyacetic acid which inhibits GABA-transaminase, the enzyme responsible for the catabolism of GABA. Guinea-pigs were injected intraperitoneally with 10 ...
Miyamoto K - - 1990
Qing-Fei-Tang, a Chinese blended medicine, inhibited the release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) from passively sensitized guinea pig lung after antigen challenge. Qing-Fei-Tang also suppressed the chemiluminescence of oxygen radicals when healthy human leukocytes were stimulated by opsonized zymosan. In rabbits, Qing-Fei-Tang increased the output volume and fatty ...
Engels F - - 1990
Non-stimulated guinea-pig pulmonary macrophages (PM) convert arachidonic acid to thromboxane B2 and 12-hydroxy-heptadecatrienoic acid, whereas linoleic acid is metabolized to two hydroxy compounds, i.e. 9-hydroxy- and 13-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid. Coincubation of PM with immune serum (2% v/v) resulted in a profound reduction of the release of these products. This effect seemed ...
Kerr D I - - 1989
Saclofen (the direct sulphonic analogue of baclofen) is a competitive antagonist of baclofen at GABAB receptors in guinea pig ileum and rat cortical slices (estimated pA2 = 5.3), at least twice as potent as 2-hydroxy-saclofen (pA2 = 5). A series of related sulphonic analogues also antagonised baclofen in the guinea ...
Manzini S - - 1989
Administration of arachidonic acid (AA) both in vitro and in vivo elicited prominent contractile responses in guinea-pig airways, which were markedly reduced after capsaicin desensitization. Furthermore, AA superfusion elicited a significant calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity release from isolated bronchi. It is suggested that at least part of the bronchomotor actions ...
Abidi S M - - 1989
Analysis of the major biochemical components of Taenia hydatigena cysticerci collected from goats and pigs showed marked differences, particularly in glycogen, protein, lipid and DNA levels. Differences were also detected in the levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids and phospholipids. Furthermore, the profile of phospholipid fractions revealed quantitative differences ...
Tanaka T - - 1989
To study some of the biochemical and physical states of membranes associated with hyperproliferation, the effect of topical hexadecane on membrane fluidity in guinea pig epidermis was investigated by electron spin resonance using a 5-doxylstearic acid spin labeling agent. Guinea pig epidermal cells were separated into three regions of keratinocytes ...
Carnathan G W - - 1989
The generation of leukotrienes C4, D4 and E4 from arachidonic acid is dependent upon the activity of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). The effects of RG 6866 (N-methyl-4-benzyloxyphenylacetohydroxamic acid) on the activity of guinea pig 5-LOX in vitro and in vivo were determined in the present study. The generation of 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) ...
Imamichi T - - 1989
Guinea pig peritoneal macrophages generate superoxide anion (O2-), when stimulated with N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP), phorbol-myristate acetate (PMA) or ovalbumin complex of guinea pig IgG2 antibody (OA gamma 2). These responses were found to be inhibited by a Chinese traditional medicine, Juzentaihoto (JT). When the inhibition was assayed by the use of ...
Potvin W - - 1989
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) produced concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated guinea pig tracheal chains contracted with histamine, serotonin, carbachol, and arachidonic acid. ANP was a full agonist. ANP was two- to three-fold less potent when compared with isoprenaline in relaxing histamine-, serotonin-, and arachidonic acid-contracted tracheal chains. However, ANP was 20-fold ...
Maury G - - 1989
Cytosols of rat and guinea pig liver and of human placenta were screened for their capacity to catalyze the conversion of racemic leukotriene A4 into 5S, 12R-dihydroxy-(Z,E,E,Z)-6,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (leukotriene B4). The epoxide hydrolase activities showed some specificity for the 5S,6S-oxido-(E,E,Z,Z)-7,9,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (LTA4) and produced mixtures of leukotriene B4 and its ...
Fogh H - - 1989
Removal of tattoos was studied in the guinea pig. Professional tattoos were made, and two different solutions of tannic acid were injected intradermally into the tattoos four times. The macroscopic end result was formation of a slight fibrosis with little visible pigment. Histologic examination after treatment showed a moderate fibrosis ...
Green D P - - 1989
Guinea-pig spermatozoa were induced to undergo an acrosome reaction with the ionophore A23187. A time course for the activation of protease activity was established. Acid treatment of fully activated spermatozoa at pH 2.35 for 30 min exposed additional activity. This was attributed to the acid dissociation of a protein inhibitor ...
Reggiani A - - 1989
The glycine modulation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) response in guinea-pig myenteric plexus was investigated by using D-serine and 7-chloro kynurenic acid as a glycine agonist and antagonist, respectively. D-serine caused a concentration-dependent enhancement of the NMDA response, an effect which was competitively inhibited by 7-chloro kynurenic acid (pA2 = 6.0). ...
Engels F - - 1989
As guinea-pig pulmonary macrophages (PM) synthesize the linoleic acid metabolite 9-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acid (9-OH-Lin) under non-stimulated conditions in relatively large quantities, we investigated whether this product has an effect on the macrophage's own phagocytic cell function. 9-OH-Lin, and also its hydroperoxy precursor 9-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acid (9-OOH-Lin), influenced the generation of PM chemiluminescence, ...
Ozawa M - - 1989
Treatment of guinea pig polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) with various fatty acids elicited superoxide anion (O2-) production and an increase in intracellular Ca2+ [( Ca2+]i). Both responses, however, were seldom observed when PMNL were treated at lower concentrations. But, simultaneous addition of 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol (OAG), a protein kinase C activator, caused an ...
Hills J M - - 1989
1. 3-Aminopropylphosphinic acid, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analogue, was tested for activity on guinea-pig isolated ileum and rat isolated anococcygeus muscle preparations. The effects of 3-aminopropylphosphinic acid were compared with those of GABA and baclofen. 2. In the electrically stimulated ileum, 3-aminopropylphosphinic acid, like GABA and baclofen, caused a concentration-dependent ...
Rönnau K - - 1989
Diffusion potentials for Na+, Cl-, acetate (Ac-), propionate (Pr-) and butyrate (Bu-) across the isolated epithelium of the proximal and the distal colon of guinea-pig were measured with flowing electrodes in Ussing chambers. Permeabilities of the anions are expressed in relation to the permeability of sodium. Unidirectional fluxes of Na+ ...
Morris J L - - 1989
The vasodilator potency of guinea pig VIP (gp VIP) on the guinea pig uterine artery was compared with the potency of porcine VIP (p VIP), which differs in amino acid sequence at four locations. When antioxidants were not used, the two peptides were approximately equipotent in causing relaxation of precontracted ...
Brothers M F - - 1989
Despite the development of new alternative embolic agents, the endovascular treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations continues to frequently require the use of cyanoacrylic glue, especially in situations where particulate or sclerosing agents are ineffective, such as when flow is very rapid or fistulous. Because isobutyl 2-cyanoacrylate (IBCA), the most commonly ...
Hanaoka K - - 1989
To investigate the molecular basis of the differential ability of human, equine, and guinea pig alpha 2-macroglobulins to inhibit hemagglutination and infectivity of a human influenza virus, A/Memphis/102/72 (H3N2), the structures of oligosaccharides released from the three glycoproteins by hydrazinolysis were analyzed comparatively. Approximately seven to eight sugar chains were ...
Muto N - - 1989
It was confirmed that histamine, cholinergic drugs and gastrin separately produce acid secretory effects of isolated parietal cells. However, the acid secretory response of isolated parietal cells to gastrin stimulation is known to be weaker than that to histamine or cholinergic drugs, which is different from the acid secretory response ...
Fretland D J - - 1989
SC-41930, 7-[3-(4-acetyl-3-methoxy-2-propylphenoxy)-propoxy]-3,4-dihydro-8-p ropyl- 2H-1-benzopyran-2-carboxylic acid, is a potent in vitro leukotriene-B4 (LTB4) receptor antagonist. LTB4 levels are elevated in colonic tissue of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients which may account for the high degree of neutrophil (PMN) infiltration. The guinea pig acetic acid-induced colonic inflammation model has characteristics of IBD ...
Hokin M R - - 1989
1. When enzyme secretion was stimulated by carbamylcholine or acetylcholine (with eserine) in slices of pigeon pancreas, the incorporation of P32 into the phospholipide fraction of the stimulated slices was, after 2 hours, 4.8 to 8.7 (average, 7.0) times greater than the incorporation of P32 into the phospholipides of control ...
Kerr D I - - 1989
Two novel beta-(benzo[b]furan) analogues of baclofen (4-amino-3-benzo[b]furan-2-ylbutanoic acid, 9G, and 4-amino-3-(5-methoxybenzo[b]furan-2-yl)butanoic acid, 9H) antagonised the baclofen-induced depression of twitch contractions in the guinea-pig isolated ileum (estimated apparent pA2 3.9 and 4.1 respectively); both 9G and 9H also antagonised in a dose-dependent manner the baclofen-induced reduction of repetitive paroxysmal discharges in ...
Puel J L - - 1989
1-(p-Bromobenzoyl)-piperazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (pBB-PzDA; 0.03-5 mM), an excitatory amino acid antagonist, was perfused through the guinea pig cochlea while monitoring various cochlear potentials. pBB-PzDA (1-5 mM) reversibly suppressed the amplitude of the compound action potential of the auditory nerve (CAP) and increased the latency of N1 (the first negative wave of ...
Amdur M O - - 1989
Data from exposure of experimental animals and human subjects to sulfuric acid presents a consistent picture of its toxicology. Effects on airway resistance in asthmatic subjects were well predicted by data obtained on guinea pigs. Sulfuric acid increases the irritant response to ozone in both rats and man. In donkeys, ...
Jensen F B - - 1989
H+ titration studies on oxygenated and deoxygenated haemoglobins from carp, rainbow trout, spiny dogfish and pig are reported, and compared with Hb-H+ equilibria in other species and structural information deduced from amino acid sequences. The buffer values of oxygenated and deoxygenated teleost haemoglobins are low in comparison with elasmobranch and ...
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