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Results 301 - 350 of 749
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Kapil A - - 1992
Boswellic acids (BA), an anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic principle/s of Boswellia serrata, were found to possess anticomplementary activity. It inhibits the in vitro immunohaemolysis of antibody-coated sheep erythrocytes by pooled guinea-pig serum. The reduced immunohaemolysis was found to be due to inhibition of C3-convertase of the classical complement pathway. The threshold ...
Ohshima E - - 1992
A series of 11-[[2-[(arylsulfonyl)amino]ethyl]thio]-6,11- dihydrodibenz[b,e]oxepin-2-carboxylic acids and related derivatives were synthesized. The compounds were tested for their antagonizing effects on guinea pig platelet TXA2/PGH2 receptors. Structure-activity relationships are discussed. (+/-)-11-[[2-[(Styrylsulfonyl)amino]ethyl]-thio]-6,11- dihydrodibenz[b,e]oxepin-2-carboxylic acid (41) and (+/-)-11-[[2-[(phenylsulfonyl)amino]ethyl]thio]-6,11- dihydrodibenz[b,e]thiepin-2-carboxylic acid (4af) were the most promising compounds with K(i) values of 6.5 +/- 0.29 ...
Bélanger B - - 1992
Steroids were administered continuously to guinea pigs and rats using subcutaneously applied silastic tubing implants, and the effects on circulating steroid and steroid conjugate levels were monitored. Using implants filled with pregnenolone, we observed that pregnenolone had a marked effect on increasing the levels of its fatty acid-esterified derivative, while ...
Goff B A - - 1992
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a relatively new approach to the treatment of neoplasms which involves the use of photoactivatable compounds to selectively destroy tumors. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an endogenous substance which is converted to protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in the synthetic pathway to heme. PpIX is a very effective photosensitizer. ...
Kitsukawa Y - - 1992
The effect of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester (EPA-E) on colitis was investigated using a guinea pig model. The technique for preparing a degraded carrageenan with a molecular weight of about 30,000 from commercial iota-carrageenan was first refined. When this degraded carrageenan was fed to guinea pigs, localized ulcerations ...
Katsuno K - - 1992
We studied the allergic reaction of guinea pigs to glyceryl methacrylate (GM), hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and meso-erythritol methacrylate (EM), which are used as dentin primers. On the 18th day of the application test, when macroscopic investigation revealed an inflammatory reaction, the methacrylic acid-treated group showed marked eschar formation in comparison ...
Eng J - - 1992
The recent identification in Heloderma horridum venom of exendin-3, a new member of the glucagon superfamily that acts as a pancreatic secretagogue, prompted a search for a similar peptide in Heloderma suspectum venom. An amino acid sequencing assay for peptides containing an amino-terminal histidine residue (His1) was used to isolate ...
Tokumura A - - 1992
1-O-Octadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate (octadecylacetyl-GP) and its deacetylation product were used as a model of phosphatidic acid and its lyso derivatives, respectively. The binding, transbilayer movement, and intermembranous transport, which should be related to its metabolism in guinea pig peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes, were studied. The albumin extraction procedure (Tokumura, A., Tsutsumi, T., ...
Ernst A - - 1992
The influence of a transient asphyxia on cochlear potentials, i.e. endolymphatic potential (EP), summating potential (SP) and cochlear microphonics (CM) was investigated in guinea pigs when pretreating the animals with various substances interacting with the arachidonic acid (AA) cascade at the level of thromboxane. The controls showed the well-known decline ...
Herkelman K L - - 1992
An experiment was conducted with ileally cannulated pigs to determine the apparent digestibility of amino acids and N in raw or heated conventional or low-trypsin-inhibitor soybeans. Six littermate barrows initially averaging 24 kg were fed cornstarch-based diets (10.5% CP, .68% lysine, 3,558 kcal of ME/kg) supplemented with raw (unheated), conventional ...
Chen L C - - 1992
Although several epidemiological studies have provided evidence that airborne sulfate particles can produce adverse health effects in susceptible individuals, there is only limited data demonstrating respiratory effects in human volunteers and experimental animals at near ambient concentrations. We have demonstrated previously that the mixing of metal oxide particles with SO2 ...
Chen L C - - 1992
Acidic sulfate is the most toxicologically important sulfur oxide which exists in the ambient air. To determine if particle size influences toxic effects of sulfuric acid, we investigated the effects of sulfuric acid aerosols of two different sizes on biochemical and cellular parameters of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from exposed guinea ...
Farahani H - - 1992
The biochemical response to controlled inhalation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was studied in 18 male guinea pigs. Animals were exposed to 2.5, 5.0, and 10 ppm NO2 for 2h daily for 35 consecutive days, and the results compared with six control animals exposed to filtered air for 2h daily for ...
Ogletree M L - - 1992
To investigate possible subclasses of thromboxane receptors in vascular and airways smooth muscles, we evaluated activities of five structurally different competitive thromboxane receptor antagonists (i.e., SQ 29,548 [( 1S-[1 alpha, 2 alpha(5Z), 3 alpha, 4 alpha]]-7-[3- [2- [(phenylamino)carbonyl]hydrazino]methyl]-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1] hept-2-yl]-5-heptenoic acid), L655,240 (3-[1-(4-chlorobenzyl)-5- fluoro-3-methylindol-2yl]2,2-dimethyl propanoic acid), BM 13,505 (4-[2-[[(4-chlorophenyl)sulfonyl]amino]ethyl]benzeneacetic acid), GR ...
Niel N - - 1992
Seven new pseudopeptido and thioaromatic leukotriene analogues were synthesized and their agonist-antagonist and binding activities investigated. The synthesis led to the pleasing observation that the analogue in which the cysteinyl-glycine moiety was replaced by a 6-mercapto-3-(E)-hexenoic acid, not only exhibited potent affinity (guinea-pig lung parenchyma, IC50: 5 x 10(-9) M) ...
Dunshea F R - - 1992
Eight crossbred barrows (71 kg initial BW) were allocated to two treatments involving daily i.m. injections of either excipient (control) or recombinantly derived porcine somatotropin (120 micrograms/kg of BW). On d 8 of treatment, beginning 15 h after injection, glycerol and nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) kinetics were determined using a ...
Kim Y K - - 1992
1. Accumulation of uric acid and PAH was measured in renal cortical slices of various mammalian species. 2. The slice to medium ratio of uric acid was above unity in the rabbit, guinea pig, pig and cow, suggesting an active accumulation of uric acid, while it was near or below ...
Risley C R - - 1992
Pigs weaned at 21 d of age (n = 72) were fed a 20% CP corn-soybean meal-based diet (control) with 1.5% fumaric or 1.5% citric acid added to observe the effect of these acids on the pH, chloride ion concentration (Cl-), VFA profile, and microflora population in the stomach, jejunum, ...
Lawrence A J - - 1992
In vivo microdialysis in the frontal cortex of the freely moving guinea-pig was used to measure extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and study terminal autoreceptor control of its release. The indoleamine levels were determined by HPLC with electrochemical detection. Release of extracellular 5-HT and, to a lesser extent, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid was sensitive ...
Koizumi I - - 1991
The fatty acid composition of the intramuscular lipids of cattle, pigs and birds were determined relative to breed and feeding regime. The cattle included Yellow Cattle, Hereford and Japanese Black; pigs included Wild-boar, Touyuens and Yorkshires; the birds were Wild-birds, Jungle-fowl and broilers. The pen fed animals such as Japanese ...
Chen L C - - 1991
Urban air pollution in the United States is composed of a complex mixture of particles and gases. Among the most prominent products of the atmospheric pollutants are sulfur oxides and ozone. In this report, we use two exposure protocols to examine the interaction between exposure to these two pollutants. In ...
Klöcking H P - - 1991
Under our experimental conditions, the sulfated bis-lactobionic acid amide, LW 10079, showed the strongest t-PA-releasing effect in the isolated perfused pig ear. In rats the sulfated bis-lactobionic acid amide LW 10121 was the most potent compound in acute t-PA release. In both experiments the bis-lactobionic acid amide LW 10082 did ...
Cowley J J - - 1991
Student volunteers (38 of each sex) were exposed unknowingly overnight to the vapour of pheromonally active substances and compared with controls. The substances were either 5 alpha-16-androsten-3 alpha-ol (androstenol, occurring in human underarm sweat, and known to be pheromonally active in pig and man), or a mixture of short-chain fatty ...
Kristev A - - 1991
Results from research on the influence of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) (C3-C6) on vascular tone are reported. Isolated vascular smooth muscle strips were studied in vitro and the arterial blood pressure of guinea-pigs injected with SCFA was taken. On the basis of results from these first two methods, the level ...
Sauer W C - - 1991
Studies were carried out with six barrows (initial BW 50 kg) to determine the effect of two fiber sources on the apparent ileal and fecal N and amino acid digestibilities and bacterial N excretion in feces. The pigs, fitted with a simple T-cannula at the distal ileum, were fed three ...
Chen I J - - 1991
Newly synthesized Vanidil (4-o-(1,2-dinitroglyceryl)-6-nitrovanillic acid) is a nonvolatile organic solid nitrate, mp: 85 degrees C. In in vitro tests, Vanidil can inhibit 3,4-diaminopyridine (2 x 10(-2) M) induced pig coronary rhythmic vasocontraction, a prelude to coronary vasospasm, and nonrhythmic tonic vasocontraction. Vanidil is suggested as a potential antiangina agent.
Nasu T - - 1991
The ileal responses to 40 mM [K+]o were changed in the period after administration of monoiodoacetic acid (IAA). The phasic contraction to K+ appeared in the period before the development of a rigor, after the administration of 1 mM IAA. However, the response to K+ was absent during the development ...
Dillard R D - - 1991
Two series of (phenylmethoxy)phenyl compounds derived from the structure of LY163443 were synthesized and evaluated as leukotriene D4 receptor antagonists. In the omega-[(phenylmethoxy)phenyl]-omega-oxoalkanoic acid series, 5-[4-[(4-acetyl-2-ethyl-3-hydroxyphenyl)methoxy]phenyl]-3,3-dimethyl-5- oxopentanoic acid (8) was the most potent antagonist of LTD4-induced contractions of guinea pig ileum (pKB of 7.60) and LTD4 pressor response in pithed ...
Ha T Y - - 1991
The effect of ascorbate (AsA) on the synthesis of carnitine from gamma-butyrobetaine (BB) in primary cultured guinea pig hepatocytes was investigated. The hepatocyte monolayers preloaded with AsA were incubated for 4 h in medium with various concentrations of BB as the precursor of carnitine. The accumulation of carnitine reached a ...
Zhu X H - - 1991
Human, porcine, goat, sheep, bovine, horse, canine, rat, mouse, guinea pig, and chicken serums were investigated for the existence of sulfatide. Among the ten mammal serums, seven were found to be sulfatide positive, and the amounts of sulfatide were determined to be: 16.29 nmol/ml serum (porcine), 9.39 (bovine), 12.71 (goat), ...
Anakwe O O - - 1991
Proacrosin from guinea pig cauda epididymal sperm has a lower molecular weight compared with the testicular zymogen. In this study, we have examined the structural basis of this change and where the conversion in proacrosin molecular weight occurs during sperm maturation. Immunoblotting of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid-deglycosylated testicular and cauda epididymal sperm ...
Terrian D M - - 1991
The presynaptic effects of domoic acid (Dom) on hippocampal mossy fiber synaptic transmission were examined using a subcellular fraction enriched in mossy fiber synaptosomes. Domoic acid significantly increased the K(+)-evoked release of endogenous glutamate from superfused guinea pig mossy fiber synaptosomes. The presynaptic facilitation produced by Dom was dose-dependent and ...
Zidenberg-Cherr S - - 1991
In the miniature pig, ethanol consumption has been reported to induce alterations in hepatic antioxidant defense capacity, which could result in increased risk of peroxidative damage. However, ethanol may also induce changes in membrane fatty acid composition, which could reduce the risk of peroxidative damage. This study examined lipid peroxidation, ...
Reifenrath W G - - 1991
Radiolabeled compounds with varying partition coefficients (paraoxon, benzoic acid, parathion, and DDT) were chosen to study the percutaneous penetration and extent of dermal retention in pig skin both in vitro and in vivo. Radiolabel distributions within the skin were determined from 1 min to 24 h after application in ethanol. ...
Aoki I - - 1991
Major basic protein (MBP) purified from guinea pig eosinophils elicited histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells at concentrations higher than 3 micrograms/ml both in the presence and in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. After reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, it was revealed that MBP was composed of two different proteins ...
Zlokovic B V - - 1991
Uptake of circulating arginine vasopressin (AVP) by choroid plexus was studied by means of the in situ brain perfusion technique in anesthetized guinea pig and by means of single-circulation paired-tracer dilution technique in isolated perfused sheep choroid plexus. Kinetic analysis revealed saturable AVP uptake with Michaelis constant (Km) values of ...
Haydon K D - - 1991
A replicated 4 x 4 Latin square digestion trial was conducted to determine apparent nutrient digestibilities and N and energy balances for soft red winter wheat, Beagle 82 triticale, Florico triticale, and pearl millet using finishing pigs fitted with ileal T-cannulas. Fortified experimental diets contained 97.5% of each respective grain. ...
Ledwozyw A - - 1991
The fatty acid composition of four major phospholipid classes of near-term and beyond-term pig placenta was investigated. In beyond-term pig placentas much lower levels of linoleic, dihomo-gamma-linolenic and arachidonic acids were observed, as compared to near-term organs. It is suggested that beyond-term pregnancy in the pig may be caused by ...
Uchida Y - - 1991
Our accompanying paper demonstrated that endothelin-1 (ET-1 constricts guinea pig airways directly and indirectly through mediators such as histamine and arachidonate metabolites. In order to exclude the role of mast cells in bronchoconstriction, we sensitized guinea pigs and challenged them in vitro with an antigen (ovalbumin). In the postanaphylactic trachea, ...
Ribári O - - 1991
Mucopolysaccharides (glucosaminoglycans, GAGs) were extracted from otosclerotic and non-otosclerotic human stapes footplate, stapes superstructure and guinea pig stapes footplate. Cellulose acetate electrophoresis revealed an unknown highly anionic band (Rf = 1.05) beside the conventional hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate fractions. Chemical analysis resulted in a high sulfate/hexosamine molar ...
Ryan-Poirier K A - - 1991
Normal horse and guinea pig sera contain the glycoprotein inhibitor alpha 2-macroglobulin, which inhibits the infectivity and hemagglutinating activity of influenza A viruses of the H2 and H3 subtypes. In the current study, the presence of inhibitors of influenza A virus in pig and rabbit sera was investigated. Variants of ...
Millul V - - 1991
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induced a concentration- and time-dependent increase in arachidonic acid release from guinea pig alveolar macrophages, a maximum being reached at 1 nM ET-1. Regarding the time-course study, maximal release of arachidonic acid was observed after 30 s of incubation with ET-1 and then followed by a marked decrease, ...
Dixon H B - - 1991
Acylphosphonic acids, R-CO-PO(OH)2, have been synthesized by the steps [formula: see text] of which the last is new and provides a mild method for de-esterifying acylphosphonic acids. Their reductive amination gives a simple way of making 1-aminoalkylphosphonic acids. Acetylphosphonic acid inhibited NAD+ reduction by pyruvate with the pyruvate dehydrogenases from ...
Pellmar T C - - 1991
A variety of fatty acids produced sustained changes in excitability in the guinea-pig hippocampal slice. Although each fatty acid was unique, a general pattern was evident. During a 30-min exposure, the synaptic potential was minimally affected, although population spike amplitude showed significant increases. With wash, synaptic efficacy increased. The increase ...
Aungst B J - - 1990
Oxymorphone is a candidate for transdermal delivery since it is a very potent analgesic, is not very effective orally, and has a short duration of action. In developing a transdermal delivery system, two criteria that were considered important were achieving adequate flux and minimizing the lag time. Oxymorphone skin permeation ...
Fears R - - 1990
Novel bile salts (quaternary ammonium conjugates) inhibited cholic acid binding and transport in everted ileal sacs in vitro. The cationic piperazine conjugate of lithocholic acid (di-iodide salt, compound 8, BRL 39924A) appeared most active, inhibiting binding by 29% and transport by 59% in guinea-pig ileum (200 microM). BRL 39924A also ...
Hausen B M - - 1990
9 oxidation products of abietic acid, dehydroabietic acid, and levopimaric acid were prepared synthetically to determine their sensitizing potential in guinea pigs. It was found that compounds with epoxy and peroxo groups in rings A and B had a notable sensitizing potential. The same result was found with 7-oxode-hydroabietic acid ...
Chanter N - - 1990
Gnotobiotic pig antisera to purified toxoid from a capsule type A or D strain of Pasteurella multocida contained large quantities of antitoxin but comparatively little antibody to a crude lysate of P. multocida. These sera given intraperitoneally to further pigs were almost completely protective against turbinate atrophy after intranasal inoculation ...
Safford R J - - 1990
In this study, the nature of non-immune immediate contact reactions (NIICR) produced by cinnamic aldehyde, benzoic acid and sorbic acid were investigated, with particular interest in the 'quenching' ability of eugenol. Three groups of human subjects were studied, and the guinea-pig ear was also used as a model of NIICR. ...
McEwan G T - - 1990
The effect of challenge by Escherichia coli STa enterotoxin on pig jejunal mucosal surface pH was investigated in vivo. Exposure to STa resulted in a rapid and reversible alkalinisation (P less than 0.001) of the jejunal mucosa from 6.27 +/- 0.11 (5) to 6.89 +/- 0.03 (5). This action of ...
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