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Results 201 - 250 of 749
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Jung C H - - 1997
Mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH) from control and scorbutic guinea pig brain, liver and skeletal muscle and from normal rat liver was stimulated several fold by l-ascorbic acid (AA). The amount of AA that gave half-maximal stimulation of guinea pig brain mGPDH was 7.1 microM. At concentrations of AA higher ...
Benito E - - 1997
Injection of guinea pigs with a single dose of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (3.2 mg/100 g) induces a reversible endotoxic shock that was evaluated by measuring plasma glucose levels and aspartate aminotransferase activity at 24 h after lipopolysaccharide injection. The hypoglycaemia and the increase in plasma aminotransferase activity observed, correlated with ...
Kien C L - - 1997
We have developed a system for chronically catheterizing 10- to 25-d-old pigs that permits stable isotope tracer studies of intestinal or colonic assimilation of nutrients. This model also can be used to ensure constant enteral feeding or to assess the rate of entry into the terminal ileum of carbohydrates, fats, ...
Sakurai S - - 1997
In order to find new antiasthmatic agents with dual antagonistic activity against thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and leukotriene D4 (LTD4) receptors, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of various [4-[1-(benzenesulfonamido)-alkyl]phenyl]alkanoic acid derivatives were undertaken. TXA2 and LTD4 antagonistic activities in vitro were evaluated by measuring the inhibitory effects on L-46619-induced contraction of guinea-pig ...
Harrison S - - 1997
1. We have investigated the role of phosphatases in modulating contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), methacholine, substance P and capsaicin in guinea-pig isolated main bronchus by use of the phosphatase 1 and 2A inhibitor okadaic acid. 2. Non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (eNANC) contractile responses were elicited by EFS (3 Hz, ...
Jørgensen H - - 1997
The present work was undertaken to study the energy value of a mixture of acetic, propionic and butyric acids (0.682:0.226:0.092) infused intracaecally in growing pigs. A basal diet low in fibre (42 g NSP/kg DM) was given at below the requirement for maximum weight gain. In six 2-week periods, N ...
Igarashi T - - 1997
Northern blot and immunoblot analyses indicated that considerable levels of CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP2D, CYP2E, and CYP3A were expressed in the liver of untreated marmosets. CYP1A was also expressed but to lesser extents. CYP3A mRNA was also detectable in the small intestine of untreated marmoset; the amount was increased by treatment ...
Nagano N - - 1997
Effects of arachidonic acid (AA) and related fatty acids on Ca2+ -independent transient (A-type) K+ current (I(A)) were examined in single myocytes of guinea pig vas deferens, ureter, and proximal colon as well as in rabbit vas deferens. The peak amplitude of I(A) was reduced by external application of AA ...
Gissurarson S R - - 1997
Lobaric acid, a constituent of the lichen Stereocaulon alpinum, was investigated for effects on the smooth muscle taenia coli from guinea pigs. Inhibitory effects of lobaric acid on spontaneous contractile activity and on contractile activity stimulated by ionophore A23187 were studied. In addition, the activity of lobaric acid on ionophore-induced ...
Järlebark L - - 1996
The role of extracellular ATP in vivo and the various cellular responses mediated by P2 purinoceptors have not yet been fully elucidated, in part depending on the lack of subtype-specific high affinity antagonists. Here we describe the synthesis of a new class of compounds, peptidyl derivatives of adenosine 5'-carboxylic acid, ...
Zhang R - - 1996
Thromboxane A2/prostaglandin endoperoxide receptor antagonists were studied in rat and guinea-pig aortas contracted with U-46619 (9,11-dideoxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F2 alpha) or 8-epi-prostaglandin F2 alpha. In rat aorta, the antagonists competitively inhibited contractions evoked by either agonist with a rank order of potency as follows: BMS-180291 ([1s-(exo,exo)]-2-[[3-[4-[(pentylamino) carbonyl]-2-oxazolyl]-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-yl]methyl]-benz enepropanoic acid) > ...
Müller G B - - 1996
Homeosis, the ectopic formation of a body part, is one of the key phenomena that prompted the identification of the essential selector genes controlling body organization. Shared elements of such homeotic genes exist in all studied animal classes, but homeotic transformations of the same order of magnitude as in insects, ...
Flynn N E - - 1996
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that endogenous arginine synthesis plays an important role in maintaining arginine homeostasis in neonatal pigs. Gabaculine was used as a suicide inhibitor of ornithine aminotransferase to decrease the intestinal conversion of glutamine-derived pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P-5-C) into ornithine, the precursor of both citrulline and ...
Yamada Y - - 1996
Lactobacillus plantarum produced 10-hydroxy-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid (10-OHODA) from linoleic acid. It was suspected that 10-OHODA might be closely related to leukotoxin (9,10-epoxy-12-octa-decenoic acid (LTx)) which was regarded as a toxic and/or defensive substance in living beings. The cardiac effect of 10-OHODA, which was biosynthesized by Lactobacillus plantarum, on an isolated guinea-pig ...
Faivre-Chauvet A - - 1996
Anti-CEA F(ab')2 monoclonal antibody fragments [F6 MAb F(ab')2] were conjugated to two bifunctional semi-rigid chelating agents derived from trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane tetraacetic acid (CDTA), the monolithium salt of N-[methyl(2-isothiocyanatoethyl)carbamide] trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N',N'-triacetic acid (SCN), and 4 isothiocyanato-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (4-ICE) and labelled with 111In to obtain IIIIn-labelled-F6 MAb F(ab')2 conjugates (111In-F6-SCN and 111In-F6-4-ICE respectively). Biodistribution ...
Andersson L - - 1996
The pancreatic lipase family contains three subfamilies, the 'classical' lipases and the pancreatic lipase-related proteins 1 (PLRP1) and 2 (PLRP2). Galactolipids are present in membranes of leaves and vegetables and consist of digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGalDG) monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGalDG) and sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG). These lipids were incubated with PLRP2 from guinea-pig (GPLRP2) and rat ...
Casu B - - 1996
Though differing only slightly in their degrees of sulfation, heparin preparations from pig mucosa and those from beef mucosa have consistently different 13C- and 1H-NMR spectra, which provide useful fingerprints for distinguishing the two types of heparin. Integrated areas of NMR signals associated with minor, undersulfated sequences (assigned by comparison ...
Sato H - - 1996
Glycyrrhizin, a major component of a herb (licorice), has been intravenously used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in Japan and improves liver function with occasional complete recovery from hepatitis. This substance modifies the intracellular transport and suppresses sialylation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) in vitro. ...
Grotjohan H P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Development of a stable model of respiratory distress in pigs with oleic acid, fulfilling clinical criteria of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: Eight pigs (9.1 +/- 0.7 kg) were anesthetized with pentobarbital, paralyzed with tubocurarine and mechanically ventilated with an FIO2 of 0.6, an I:E ratio of ...
Kastel R - - 1996
Using the substrate N-acetyl-L-tyrosyl-p-aminobenzoic acid, we determined chymotrypsin activity in the small intestine of calf, pig, and poultry. Orally administered N-acetyl-L-tyrosyl-p-aminobenzoic acid is enzymatically cleaved in vivo, and the released p-aminobenzoic acid is determined by HPLC. We found that the p-aminobenzoic acid concentration in plasma and urine was significantly influenced ...
Sakurai S - - 1996
In order to find new antiasthmatic and antithrombotic agents, various [[1-aryl(or benzyl)-1-(benzenesulfonamido)methyl]phenyl]alkanoic acid derivatives were synthesized. Evaluation of these compounds for thromboxane A2 (TXA2) antagonistic activities indicated that 4-[4-[(4-chlorobenzenesulfonamido)phenylmethyl]phenyl]butyric acid (6h) ,4-[4-[1-(4-chlorobenzenesulfonamido)-2-phenylethyl]phenyl]butyric acid (6y) and many other compounds have potent inhibitory effects on U-46619-induced guinea-pig platelet aggregation. No significant difference ...
Hausen B M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Although hundreds of cases of allergic contact dermatitis caused by asparagus have been described in the literature, the responsible allergens are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: Fresh asparagus shoots were purchased in early April. Juice and ether extracts were prepared and stored in a deep freezer until chemical investigations and patch ...
Church W H - - 1996
Extracellular uric acid levels were measured in the substantia nigra of guinea pigs via microdialysis/liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (LCED) during infusion (60 min) of N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), or iron (III) chloride (FeCl3). Striatal and substantia nigra (SN) tissues were analyzed for uric acid (UA) and dopamine (DA) 3 ...
Makovec F - - 1996
A series of new spiroglumide amido acid derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for their ability to inhibit the binding of cholecystokinin (CCK) to guinea pig brain cortex (CCKB receptors) and peripheral rat pancreatic acini (CCKA receptors), as well as to inhibit in vitro the gastrin-induced Ca2+ increase in rabbit gastric ...
Gallico L - - 1996
The antitussive effect of the R-(+)- and S-(-)-enantiomers of moguisteine were evaluated in comparison with the racemate in cough induced by 7.5% citric acid and 30 microM capsaicin aerosol in conscious guinea-pigs. No difference in potency was observed between moguisteine and the enantiomers. The oral ED50 values (with 95% confidence ...
Kristev A - - 1996
The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of butyric (C4) short-chain fatty acids on the bioelectric and contractile activity of smooth muscle (SM) tissues from rat and guinea-pig gastrointestinal tracts. The study was conducted in vitro on isolated SM preparations of rat gastric corpus and guinea pig taenia ...
Saito M - - 1995
The extract from Sarcocystis cruzi cysts in bovine muscle was subcutaneously injected to mice, guinea pigs, chickens, and rabbits to detect its toxicity. Only rabbits showed reactions after administration of the extract at a dose of 25 micrograms. The main clinical signs of the rabbits were depression, reduction in body ...
Maulik N - - 1995
The presence of relatively high concentrations of plasmalogen choline and ethanolamine in the heart of many animal species suggests a role of these ether-linked phospholipids in the pathophysiology of certain myocardial diseases. However, the fatty acid composition of myocardial plasmalogens in many species is not known. This study examined the ...
Ehrenberger K - - 1995
In guinea pigs, the constant iontophoretic release of transmitter agonists in the synaptic cleft of inner hair cells (IHC) triggers chemically an irregular and bursting mode of spiking discharge, subsynaptically recorded in the afferent dendrites. The tendency to form spike clusters appears to be independent of the quality and quantity ...
Sawyer J S - - 1995
Structural derivatives of LY255283 have been studied as receptor antagonists of leukotriene B4. Substitution of the 2-hydroxyacetophenone subunit of 1 (LY255283) with a 2-arylphenol group provided entry into several new series that feature various mono- and diacidic core functionality. These new analogues, the subject of a broad structure-activity investigation, displayed ...
Pathak S - - 1995
Effect of hexane extract of Ferula jaeschkeana has been studied on corpora lutea of adult cyclic guinea-pigs. Administration of extract showed duration dependent luteolytic changes in the corpora lutea. Its administration for first three days from the onset of estrus caused significant decrease in the diameter of corpora lutea in ...
He X - - 1995
We have previously demonstrated that de novo fatty acid synthesis predominantly occurs in later phases of megakaryocyte maturation. Therefore we have investigated the expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC), key enzymes for fatty acid synthesis in megakaryocytes at different phases of maturation. Immature and ...
Guertin F - - 1995
We compared bile formation, and biliary and liver plasma membrane composition in guinea-pigs and rats in an attempt to explain the observation that the bile flow rate and the bile acid independent fraction of bile flow (BAIF) in guinea-pigs is about five to seven times higher than in rats. Analysis ...
Caperna T J - - 1995
This experiment was conducted to establish the influence of porcine somatotropin on tissue distribution and deposition rates of amino acids in growing pigs. Barrows were treated daily with buffer or porcine somatotropin (100 micrograms/kg body wt) when they weighed between 30 and 64 kg (eight pigs/group). Pigs were restrictively fed ...
Matsuda H - - 1995
The vasoactive properties of 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HPETE) and 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) were characterized in aortic rings of guinea pig (GPA), rat (RA) and rabbit (RbA), as well as pulmonary arteries from guinea pigs (GPPA) and humans (HPA). Four distinct patterns of activity were identified: 1) Cyclooxygenase-dependent relaxation (in GPA, GPPA ...
Akahane N - - 1995
The antithrombotic effect of a synthetic symmetrical triglyceride having eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) at positions 1 and 3, and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) at position 2 was investigated. Administration of the triglyceride significantly increased thrombus formation time and thrombotic occlusion time induced by light irradiation and a fluorescent dye in guinea pigs ...
Jokura Y - - 1995
To elucidate the precise molecular mechanisms underlying stratum corneum (SC) elasticity, we investigated the molecular dynamics of chemical residues within keratin fibers of human plantar SC under various conditions by cross polarization/magic angle spinning 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance. The intensities of nuclear magnetic resonance spectra responsible for amide carbonyl, C alpha ...
Sakata T - - 1995
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) such as acetic, propionic and n-butyric acids produced by hindgut bacteria stimulate gut epithelial cell proliferation through afferent neural and efferent non-neural systemic transmissions beside a probable local mechanism. In the present study, we developed an experimental system using pig hindgut mucosa in short term culture ...
Wakamiya H - - 1995
The intestinal absorption efficacy of 2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid (AA-2G), which has been recently synthesized and characterized as a stable ascorbate (AsA), was determined in guinea pigs by the perfusion technique. Perfusion of AA-2G in isotonic phosphate buffer to the small intestine resulted in a decrease of AA-2G accompanied by an increase ...
Shao L P - - 1995
A new hydroperoxide, 15-hydroperoxydehydroabietic acid (15-HPDA), with contact allergenic properties has been detected in rosin obtained from Pinus species. Detection was facilitated using a synthetic preparation of 15-HPDA for reference purposes. The synthesis and the detection (HPLC and GC) of 15-HPDA in rosin are described. The allergenic activity of 15-HPDA ...
Jenner J - - 1995
Physostigmine absorption through isolated human skin and inhibition of plasma and red blood cell cholinesterases in guinea-pigs have been measured to assess the feasibility of its transdermal delivery as a pretreatment for organophosphate poisoning. Penetration of radiolabelled physostigmine across human epidermis was measured in-vitro using glass diffusion cells and optimization ...
Ogle C K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To find out if the in vitro production of tumour necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by macrophages (P3888D1) were influenced by the addition to the culture media of hepatocytes from normal guinea pigs and from guinea pigs after infusion with endotoxin with and without ...
Kudoh I - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Acid instillation into one lung is known to cause an increase in the permeability of the endothelium to protein in both the instilled and the contralateral lungs. Activated neutrophils are believed to be involved in causing this increased permeability. Pentoxifylline, a drug used in clinical practice, has multiple effects ...
Moriuchi H - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: a) To determine whether pentoxifylline has a preventive effect on the decrease in PaO2 that is caused by oleic acid, and whether pentoxifylline facilitates normalization of PaO2 from the decreased state. b) To examine whether pentoxifylline can attenuate an increase in pulmonary vascular permeability that is induced by oleic ...
Kasai T - - 1995
The antiscorbutic activity of 6-bromo-6-deoxy-L-ascorbic acid (I) in guinea pigs was compared to that of ascorbic acid (AsA). The growth test results in guinea pigs did not show any significant difference between the body weight increase in the respective 2 groups given compound (I) and that in the group given ...
Sai Y - - 1995
The in vitro metabolism of 4-(3-pyridyl)-4-oxo-butyric acid (POBA), 4-(3-pyridyl)-4-hydroxy-butyric acid (PHBA) and 5-(3-pyridyl)-tetrahydrofuranone-2 (PTHF) by hepatic fractions from different experimental animal species (rat, rabbit, hamster, guinea-pig) was studied. The results show that POBA can be reduced to PHBA followed by cyclisation to PTHF by enzymes present in the cell soluble ...
Conners M S - - 1995
Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions are initiated by sensitized T cells. Their progression is dependent upon the local release of various autacoids, including cytokines and eicosanoids, by T cells, infiltrating inflammatory cells, and resident tissue cells. 12(R)-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid [12(R)-HETrE], an eicosanoid produced by skin and cornea, possesses potent proinflammatory properties at ...
Pal P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder of the skin of unknown etiology. It is thought to be of autoimmune origin after demonstration of antibody-mediated destruction of melanocytes. Photochemotherapeutic PUVA therapy is widely used in vitiligo with about 33% success. Aqueous or hydroalcoholic extracts of human placenta of ill-defined composition have ...
Denslow N D - - 1994
Members of the newly recognized proline peptidase family share the ability to hydrolyze imide bonds and share six blocks of highly homologous amino acid sequences. We have found that guinea pig lung and kidney forms of aminopeptidase P, both forms bound to membranes via glycosyl phosphatidylinositol lipid anchors, share at ...
Mathew A G - - 1994
Pigs cannulated at the ileum were used to investigate the effect of creep feeding on specific intestinal microflora and VFA and lactate concentrations. In two replicate trials performed 50 d apart, a total of 24 15-d-old nursing pigs from seven sows were cannulated in the terminal ileum and randomly assigned ...
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