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Haux J E - - 2000
Ethephon [(2-chloroethyl)phosphonic acid] has two seemingly unrelated types of biological activity. It is a major agrochemical absorbed by crops, slowly releasing ethylene as a plant growth regulator. Ethephon also inhibits the activity of plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) in humans, dogs, rats, and mice. This is totally unexpected for an ionized phosphonic ...
Bertolo R F - - 2000
In a previous study in piglets fed identical diets intravenously, intraportally or intragastrically, we determined that small intestinal atrophy affects nitrogen metabolism to a greater extent than liver by-pass. Because whole-body amino acid homeostasis is dependent on interorgan metabolism, we also measured the free amino acid concentrations in liver, small ...
Ogunniyi T A - - 2000
The effectiveness of trichlorophenol (TCP), chlorhexidine gluconate plus cetrimide (Savlon) and Izal in inhibiting the growth of bacterial isolates from guinea worm ulcers was investigated. Using an adaptation of the method of Russell and Furr (Russell, A.D., Furr, J.R., 1977. The antibacterial activity of a new chloroxylenol preparation containing ethylenediamine ...
McEvoy T G - - 2000
Cattle, pig and sheep oocytes isolated from healthy cumulus-oocyte complexes were pooled, within species, to provide samples of immature denuded oocytes with intact zona pellucida (n = 1000 per sample) for determination of fatty acid mass and composition in total lipid, constituent phospholipid and triglyceride. Acyl-containing lipid extracts, transmethylated in ...
Xi S - - 2000
The present study was conducted to delineate whether a possible mechanism for 13-(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) and 15-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (15-HETrE) reversal of experimentally-induced skin hyperproliferation in guinea pig is via the modulation of epidermal nuclear mitogen activator protein (AP-1), a nuclear transcription factor associated with tissue turnover. The data revealed that ...
Norman S J - - 2000
The supply of free arachidonic acid from phospholipids is generally regarded as the rate-limiting step for prostaglandin (PG) synthesis by tissues. Two enzymes involved in arachidonic acid uptake into, and release from, phospholipids are acyl-CoA:lysophospholipid acyltransferase (ACLAT) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2), respectively. PGF2 alpha produced by the endometrium induces luteolysis ...
Race J E - - 1999
We isolated and characterized a novel K-Cl cotransporter, KCC3, from human placenta. The deduced protein contains 1,150 amino acids. KCC3 shares 75-76% identity at the amino acid level with human, pig, rat, and rabbit KCC1 and 67% identity with rat KCC2. KCC3 is 40 and 33% identical to two Caenorhabditis ...
Miller M R - - 1999
Prostaglandin (PG) E2 inhibited both phases of contraction produced by electrical field stimulation of the guinea-pig vas deferens. PGF2alpha and PGD2 were without effect on this preparation. Carbacyclin (a PGI2) analogue inhibited the first phase of contraction at higher concentrations, whereas U46619 (a thromboxane mimetic) potentiated both phases of contraction. ...
Pajpanova T - - 1999
New MIF-1 (Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2) analogs containing unnatural amino acids such as L-canavanine (Cav) and L-cysteic acid S-(2-aminoethyl)amide (sLys) have been synthesized and in vitro experiments were performed to study their action on neurotransmission in target tissues with adrenergic and cholinergic neurotransmission. The experiments were carried out on electrically stimulated proximal guinea ...
Blank R - - 1999
Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of fumaric acid supplementation and buffering capacity of the diet on ileal and fecal digestibilities of CP, GE, and amino acids in early-weaned pigs. In two experiments, 12 pigs each were weaned at 14 d of age and fitted with a simple T-cannula ...
Hood H L - - 1999
The barrier integrity of hairless guinea pig skin after treatment with an alpha hydroxy acid was assessed through in vivo topical application of an oil-in-water emulsion containing 5 or 10% glycolic acid at pH 3.0. The control was a commercial moisturizing lotion, pH 7.8. A dosing regimen for the glycolic ...
Li L - - 1999
The effects of different K(+) channel inhibitors on flufenamic- and tolfenamic-acids-induced relaxation were studied in prostaglandin F(2alpha) (1 microM) precontracted guinea-pig trachea. Flufenamic and tolfenamic acids (each 0.1-33 microM) and lemakalim (0.01-33 microM), but not indomethacin (0.1-33 microM), caused relaxation. Iberiotoxin (33 and 100 nM) inhibited flufenamic- and tolfenamic-acids-, but ...
Yokoyama S - - 1999
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of red-green color vision in mammals, we have cloned and sequenced the red and green opsin cDNAs of cat (Felis catus), horse (Equus caballus), gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and guinea pig (Cavia porcellus). These opsins were expressed in COS1 cells and ...
Frances S P - - 1999
The repellents diethylmethylbenzamide (deet), (2-hydroxymethylcyclohexyl) acetic acid lactone (CIC-4), and 1-(3-cyclohexen-1-yl-carbonyl)-2-methylpiperidine (AI3-37220) were compared for their effectiveness in protecting 5 soldiers against the bites of Anopheles spp. at a village in Papua New Guinea. All 3 repellents, applied as 25% ethanol concentrations, provided > or = 95% protection against primarily ...
Ismail I M - - 1999
1. The metabolism of (S)-2-ethyl-7-fluoro-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-quinoxalinecarboxylic acid isopropylester (GW420867X) has been investigated following oral administration to dog, cynomolgus monkey and mini-pig. 2. The urinary metabolites were isolated and characterized using semi-preparative HPLC, NMR and LC-MS/MS. The relative proportions of fluorine-containing metabolites were determined for each species by 19F-NMR signal integration. 3. ...
Amberg W - - 1999
Structural variation of the endothelin A-selective antagonist (S)-3-methoxy-2-(4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yloxy)-3, 3-diphenylpropionic acid (LU 135252) led to analogues which retain ET(A) affinity but exhibit substantial ET(B) affinity as well. The most active derivative obtained is (S)-3-[2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethoxy]-2-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yloxy)- 3, 3-diphenylpropionic acid (LU 302872), which can be prepared in enantiomerically pure form in eight steps ...
Izzo A A - - 1999
The intestinal effects of (+)-glaucine [(S)-1,2,9,10-tetramethoxyaporphine] were studied using the guinea-pig ileum. (+)-Glaucine (10-300 microM) induced ileal contractions. The contraction was not affected by tetrodotoxin, atropine, hexamethonium, propranolol, naloxone, methysergide, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, SR141716A (a cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist) or SR140333 (a tackykinin NK1 receptor antagonist) plus SR48968 (a tackykinin ...
Lenis N P - - 1999
In 36 growing pigs (30 to 60 kg), N balance and amino acid (AA) composition of weight gain were measured to evaluate the interactive effect of the ratio between N from essential amino acids (EAA(N)) to nonessential amino acids (NEAA(N)) and total N level (T(N)) in the diet on N ...
Gardner D R - - 1999
The rumen and hepatic metabolism of the cattle abortifacient compound isocupressic acid (ICA) was examined in vitro and in vivo. ICA was incubated for 56 h in bovine rumen inoculum and was found to be converted to three compounds identified as imbricatoloic acid, a structurally uncharacterized isomer of imbricatoloic acid, ...
Partanen K H - - 1999
Organic acids and their salts appear to be potential alternatives to prophylactic in-feed antibiotics and growth promoters in order to improve the performance of weaned piglets, fattening pigs and reproductive sows, although their growth-promoting effects are generally less than that of antibiotics. Based on an analysis of published data, the ...
Stein H H - - 1999
An experiment was conducted to compare apparent total tract protein digestibilities and apparent ileal digestibilities of protein and amino acids in growing pigs and adult pregnant and lactating sows. Twelve growing pigs and 12 sows were used and surgically fitted with simple T-cannulas at the distal ileum. Six experimental diets ...
Wu G - - 1999
Amino acid composition and accretion were determined in fetal pigs obtained from gilts by hysterectomy at d 40-114 of gestation. The whole homogenate of the fetal pig was used for analysis of dry matter, nitrogen and amino acids. Uterine uptake of amino acids was estimated at d 110-114 of gestation ...
Nicholas R O - - 1999
The antibacterial agent mupirocin (pseudomonic acid A) is used as a topical agent in the treatment of superficial infections by Gram-positive bacteria, particularly Staphylococcus aureus. However, we demonstrate here that the compound also inhibits the growth of a number of pathogenic fungi in vitro, including a range of dermatophytes and ...
Lee M M - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an acid aerosol, at high concentration, on the surface properties of the extracellular fluid lining the airways and alveolae. Guinea pigs and rats were exposed to 43 mg/m3 and 94 mg/m3 of sulfuric acid aerosol mass median aerodynamic diameter ...
Fadden K - - 1999
Steroid metabolism along the gastrointestinal tract of the cannulated pig was studied. Thi was achieved by fitting simple gut cannulas in the terminal ileum, caecum and mid-colon of three Landrace x large white boars, which enabled convenient collection of digesta and faecal samples at defined time points. Biochemical analyses showed ...
Gorsich S W - - 1999
Isoelectric focusing revealed three enolase isoforms in pig brain, which were designated as alphaalpha-(pI = 6.5), alphagamma- (pI = 5.6), and gammagamma-enolase (pI = 5.2). The pI of purified gammagamma-enolase was also 5.2. The gammagamma-enolase isoform of enolase was purified from pig brain by a purification protocol involving heating to ...
Konno R - - 1999
The nucleotide sequence of cDNA that encodes guinea pig D-amino-acid oxidase (DAO) was determined. The cDNA consisted of 1,399 nucleotides and a poly(A) tail. The cDNA encodes 347 amino acid residues. In contrast to the hamster, rat, and mouse DAOs, guinea pig DAO had the 25th amino acid residue. The ...
Ejzemberg R - - 1999
Previous research on plants used in folk medicine as antidotes against snake-bite revealed some constituents responsible for such protection. Chlorogenic acid (3-0-caffeoyl quinic acid) was one of these substances, studied with more attention. It has been shown that this substance binds to proteins through hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds. This ...
Kitagawa S - - 1999
Skin penetration of benzoic acid and its 4-alkyl substituents (methyl, ethyl, n-propyl and n-butyl) through excised guinea pig dorsal skin was examined, and effects of removal of stratum corneum, delipidization and addition of the penetration enhancers, ethanol and l-menthol plus ethanol, were observed. Permeability coefficients, which increased with the increase ...
Fukuoka Y - - 1998
The anaphylatoxin C3a is released from C3 during complement activation. C3a is a potent spasmogen and has recently been described as an eosinophil and mast cell chemotactic factor that mediates a number of inflammatory reactions. Previously, we demonstrated the presence of a specific C3a receptor (C3aR) on guinea pig platelets. ...
Hausen B M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Ginkgo biloba possesses fruits that have caused numerous cases of allergic contact dermatitis. Low amounts of the ginkgolic acids occur in the leaves as well. OBJECTIVE: Leaf extracts are used to treat cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disorders. The question arises whether skin hypersensitivity reactions may be adverse effects because ...
Shimizu T - - 1998
Urocanic acid (UCA), one of the skin's major components for absorbing UV radiation, is present naturally in the stratum corneum as a trans-isomer. On absorption of UVB radiation either in vitro or in the skin, UCA undergoes trans- to cis-isomerization in a dose-dependent manner. Although the mechanism by which cis-UCA ...
Juan M E - - 1998
Regional brush-border uptakes of alpha-methyl-D-glucose and L-proline as well as morphometric parameters were studied from birth until adulthood in guinea pig small intestine. Intestinal weight, length, and area were fitted to two-segmented straight lines: from birth until the 2nd wk there was a sharp rise, whereas from day 14 to ...
Prawirodigdo S - - 1998
Two experiments were conducted to determine apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids (AIDAA) and nitrogen (AIDN) in cottonseed meal (CSM) and soyabean meal (SBM) fed to growing pigs. In the first experiment, twenty-four male pigs (37.3 (SE 2.7) kg) were individually penned and randomized to either CSM or SBM diets. ...
Wildfeuer A - - 1998
Mixed acetylboswellic acids, pentacyclic triterpenes extracted from the gum resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb., significantly inhibited the ionophore-stimulated release of the leukotrienes (LT) B4 and C4 from intact human polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocytes (PMNLs), with IC50 values of 8.48 micrograms/ml and 8.43 micrograms/ml, respectively. Purified acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid was about three times ...
van Beers-Schreurs H M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the large intestine may have a role in counterbalancing the loss of fluid from the small intestine of pigs with diarrhea. ANIMALS: 2 groups of pigs (1 from a specific-pathogen-free herd and 1 from a herd with a history of diarrhea). PROCEDURE: At weaning and 4, ...
Hamilton T D - - 1998
Pigs reared in intensive production systems are continuously exposed to ammonia released by the microbial degradation of their excrement. Exposure to this gas has been shown to increase the severity of the disease progressive atrophic rhinitis by facilitating colonization of the pig's upper respiratory tract by Pasteurella multocida. The etiological ...
Ferreira L A - - 1998
In the course of systematic investigations on low-molecular-weight compounds from the venom of Crotalidae and Viperidae, we have isolated and characterized at least three bradykinin-potentiating peptides (BPP-II, BPP-III, and BPP-V) from Bothrops neuwiedi venom by gel filtration on Sephadex G-25 M, Sephadex G-10 followed by HPLC. The peptides showed bradykinin-potentiating ...
Kahler C P - - 1998
The relaxant effects of gammalinolenic acid (GLA) and dihomo gammalinolenic acid (DGLA) were compared to the relaxant effect of arachidonic acid (AA). The effect of the combination of ascorbate to form the novel drugs ascorbyl-6-gammalinolenic acid (ascorbyl-6-GLA) and ascorbyl-6-dihomo gammalinolenic acid (ascorbyl-6-DGLA) were investigated and the role of the epithelial ...
Caine W R - - 1998
The amino acid concentrations of cornstarch-based guanidinated unprocessed (UGM) and autoclaved (AGM) Nutrisoy (defatted soy flour) protein test meals were compared with the respective unguanidinated Nutrisoy diets. Endogenous ileal recoveries and true digestibilities of amino acids were determined in six growing pigs, fitted with a simple T-cannula at the distal ...
Tuluc F - - 1998
Effects of reactive blue 2 and twelve structurally related compounds were studied on contractions of the rat vas deferens elicited by alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha,beta-MeATP; mediated by P2X-receptors), relaxations of the carbachol-precontracted guinea-pig taenia coli elicited by adenosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADPbetaS; mediated by P2Y-receptors), and the degradation of ATP by rat vas ...
Angelini E - - 1998
Taurine is a beta-aminosulfonic acid and is a ubiquitous amino acid whose role in the cochlea is not well established. In this study, its entry from blood into perilymph was investigated in the guinea pig as animal model. The penetration rate of [3H]taurine (molecular weight 125) into the perilymph of ...
Lillie M A - - 1998
The contribution of microfibrils to the mechanical performance of the meshwork of elastic tissue in mature pig aorta was investigated by comparing the properties of autoclaved tissue containing elastin and microfibrils with autoclaved tissue that had been treated with dithiothreitol (DTT) or hot alkali to remove the microfibrils from the ...
Li L - - 1998
The inhibitory and relaxant effects of flufenamic and tolfenamic acids on guinea-pig isolated bronchus were compared with those of verapamil and indomethacin. Flufenamic and tolfenamic acids (each drug, 20 microM) and verapamil (1 microM) inhibited bronchial contraction induced by Ca2+, KCl or PGF2alpha whereas indomethacin (20 microM) had no inhibitory ...
Li L - - 1998
The effects of K+ channel inhibitors on the relaxations induced by flufenamic and tolfenamic acids and lemakalim were examined in guinea-pig isolated trachea precontracted with prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha, 1 microM). Flufenamic and tolfenamic acids (0.1-33 microM) and lemakalim (0.01-33 microM) relaxed guinea-pig trachea in a concentration-dependent manner. Tetraethylammonium (0.5-2 mM), ...
Schindler R - - 1998
A series of new indazol-3-ol derivatives was synthesized. Some of these compounds exhibit interesting anti-inflammatory activities in various models of inflammation. 5-Methoxy-1-[quinoline-2-yl-methoxy)-benzyl]-1H-indazol-3-ol (27) strongly inhibits the oxidation of arachidonic acid to 5-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid catalyzed by 5-lipoxygenase (IC50 = 44 nM). 27 also inhibits the contraction of sensitized guinea pig tracheal ...
Mourier P - - 1997
A major metabolic pathway of spiramycins in pig liver is described. This biochemical reaction involves L-cysteine--a common amino acid present in most animal tissues--which reacts with the aldehyde function of the antibiotic forming a thiazolidine ring. This transformation of spiramycin derivatives drastically increased their polarity. A preliminary HPLC method enabling ...
Xu W X - - 1997
The characteristics of volume-sensitive chloride current (ICl) induced by osmotic cell swelling were studied using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique and cell diameters of antral circular guinea-pig myocytes were simultaneously measured under isosmotic and hyposmotic conditions by using a video image analysis system. At -60 mV, osmotic cell swelling (200 mosmol/l) ...
Zhou L - - 1997
Part of the arachidonic acid (20:4, n - 6) pools in the gastrointestinal tract and blood forming tissues may be formed by local interconversion of linoleic acid (18:2, n - 6) taken up as a free fatty acid from blood. This study examined the rate of uptake and interconversion of ...
Yamada Y - - 1997
10-Hydroxy-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid (10-OHODA) has an inhibitory effect on the tension of papillary muscles in isolated guinea-pig hearts. To establish an immunoassay for 10-OHODA a mouse monoclonal antibody (MoAb), YM-1, was produced. In order to evaluate the ability of this MoAb to recognize various 10-OHODA analogs including leukotoxin (9, 10-epoxy-12-octadecenoic acid, ...
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