Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 749
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Clop Alex - - 2003
We present a QTL genome scan for fatty acid composition in pigs. An F2 cross between Iberian x Landrace pigs and a regression approach fitting the carcass weight as a covariate for QTL identification was used. Chromosomes (Chrs) 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 showed highly significant effects. The Chr ...
Tabuchi Keiji - - 2003
We investigated effects of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS) inhibitors on acoustic trauma. Albino guinea pigs were intravenously given 3-aminobenzamide, nicotinamide or 3-aminobenzoic acid (an inactive analog of 3-aminobenzamide) just prior to exposure to a 2 kHz pure tone of 120 dB sound pressure level (SPL) for 10 minutes. The threshold of ...
Rutherfurd S M - - 2003
The growing pig is an established model animal for humans to determine protein digestibility to the end of the small intestine. An ileal amino acid digestibility assay based on the laboratory rat offers an alternative. True ileal amino acid digestibility in high quality refined protein sources was determined and compared ...
Tai Akihiro - - 2003
A series of novel acylated ascorbic acid derivatives, 6-O-acyl-2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acids with a branched-acyl chain (6-bAcyl-AA-2G) were recently developed in our laboratory as stable and lipophilic ascorbate derivatives. In this study, the bioavailability of 6-bAcyl-AA-2G was investigated in guinea pigs. Various tissue homogenates from guinea pigs hydrolyzed 6-bAcyl-AA-2G to give ascorbic ...
Estévez Mario - - 2003
The volatile compounds generated in meat from Iberian and lean pigs after four different treatments (raw, refrigerated, cooked, and refrigerated cooked meat) were analyzed. The different treatments showed different volatile profiles. Methyl alcohols and ketones (such as 2-ethyl-hexan-1-ol, 2-methyl-butan-1-ol, 3-methyl-butan-1-ol, and 3-hydroxy-butan-2-one) were the most representative in refrigerated meat because ...
Zaniboni Massimiliano - - 2003
Intracellular pH (pHi) is an important modulator of cardiac function. The spatial regulation of pH within the cytoplasm depends, in part, on intracellular H+ (Hi+) mobility. The apparent diffusion coefficient for Hi+, DHapp, was estimated in single ventricular myocytes isolated from the rat, guinea pig, and rabbit. DHapp was derived ...
Farnham MacDonald W - - 2003
In order to examine an association between porcine circovirus type-2 (PCV2) infection and reproductive failure in pigs, sera (n = 171) from stillborn fetuses were collected from 3 different farms with prolonged histories of reproductive problems. These sera were tested for the presence of antibodies to PCV2 using an immunoperoxidase ...
Golbidi Saeid - - 2003
Oleic acid-induced hypoxemia is an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Increased capillary permeability is a cause of hypoxemia in lung injury. Endothelial cells form a major capillary barrier, and disruption of the barrier appears to involve a decreased level of ATP in the cells. Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is ...
Père Marie-Christine - - 2003
Several general features of nutrient uptake and utilisation by foetuses are similar among mammalian species. Nevertheless, there are also differences linked mainly to differences in placental permeability. Glucose and lactate are the main energetic substrates of the foetus. In normal conditions, the oxidation of carbohydrates accounts for about 75, 60 ...
Melchior Delphine - - 2003
A fundamental question in animal nutrition is the amino acid requirement induced by inflammation and immune response. The aim of the present experiment was to study the effect of chronic lung inflammation induced by injection of complete Freund adjuvant on amino acid metabolism in pigs. For 10 days, we compared ...
Højberg Ole - - 2003
Microbial catabolic capacity in digesta from the gastrointestinal tract of pigs fed either dry feed or fermented liquid feed (FLF) was determined with the PhenePlate multisubstrate system. The in vitro technique was modified to analyze the kinetics of substrate catabolism mediated by the standing stock of enzymes (potential rates of ...
Estany J - - 2002
Data on a pig line selected for litter size (H) and a control line (C) were used to estimate the correlated responses to litter size in carcass, meat, and fat quality traits. The differences between the genetic means of animals from line H and line C were used to estimate ...
Kuraoka Akio - - 2002
Intercellular coupling of hepatocytes through gap junctions facilitates exchange of small metabolites or ions, and contributes to maintenance of tissue homeostasis. As protein constituents of the liver gap junction channels, connexin32 (Cx32) and Cx26 have been identified. By use of rat cDNA probes, we cloned cDNAs for guinea pig homologs ...
Lopes Fernanda D T Q S - - 2002
The association between asthma and gastroesophageal reflux has been attributed to microaspiration of gastric contents and/or vagally mediated reflex bronchoconstriction. In previous experimental studies concerning the pulmonary effects of tracheal or esophageal acid infusion, only animals without airway inflammation have been studied. We assessed the effects of esophageal and tracheal ...
Houdijk J G M - - 2002
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS), which are non-digestible oligosaccharides (NDO), were included at 10 and 40 g/kg in an NDO--free control diet at the expense of purified cellulose. Each of the 5 diets was fed to 4 weaner pigs and microbial characteristics of their ileal chyme and faeces were assessed. ...
Tai Akihiro - - 2002
The bioavailability of a series of novel acylated ascorbic acid derivatives, 6-O-acyl-2-O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acids (6-Acyl-AA-2G), as an ascorbic acid (AA) supplement was investigated in rats and guinea pigs. Oral administration of 6-Acyl-AA-2G to rats resulted in an increase in the plasma AA level. However, the intact form was not detectable in ...
Owaki Akiko - - 2002
Although cytochrome P45017alpha catalyzes the formation of androgen from both pregnenolone and progesterone, the production of androstenedione from progesterone is a major pathway in the guinea pig, rat, mouse, and hamster. In contrast, human, bovine and sheep P45017alpha produce dehydroepiandrosterone from pregnenolone. Cytochrome P45017alphas from all of these animals have ...
Park K S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Recently the use of glycolic-acid-containing cosmetics has received increased public interest in their supposed ability to reduce wrinkles, roughness, age spots and other skin damage. However, the safety of such products when used excessively or chronically, especially by photosensitive people, is being questioned. The purpose of this study was ...
Tang Xiao-Jiang - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the contact allergenic activities of trichloroethylene (TCE) and its three metabolites trichloroacetic acid, trichloroethanol and chloral hydrate. METHODS: A modified guinea pig maximization test (GPMT) was adopted. The skin sensitization (edema and erythema) was observed in trichloroethylene, trichloroacetic acid, trichloroethanol, chloral hydrate and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene. RESULTS: The allergenic ...
Olsson Viktoria - - 2002
Pig meat shows natural variations in the concentrations of precursors of heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which may affect formation of HCAs in cooked pig meat. To study this, 26 pigs with an inherent genetic variation (carriers and noncarriers of the RN(-) allele) were subjected to different feeding regimes (conventional feed compared ...
Kennedy Gerald L GL - - 2002
Adipic acid has very low acute toxicity in rats with an LD50 > 5000 mg/kg. Adipic acid produced mild to no skin irritation on intact guinea pig skin as a 50% concentration in propylene glycol; it was not a skin sensitizer. Adipic acid caused mild conjunctival irritation in washed rabbit ...
Watanabe Masaru - - 2002
The influences of cell membrane permeabilization (skinning) on the okadaic acid-induced inhibition of vascular smooth muscle contraction were studied in guinea pig hepatic portal vein. Pretreatment by 1 microM okadaic acid in the absence of Ca(2+) suppressed subsequent submaximal Ca(2+)-induced contraction in preparations permeabilized with Staphylococcus aureus alpha-toxin or beta-escin, ...
Rodehutscord M - - 2002
Consequences of the ban of meat and bone meal (MBM) and animal fat with regard to livestock feeding, cropping, ecology and economy where investigated with an inter-disciplinary approach for Germany and the European Union. Calculations were made for different production systems with pigs and poultry on the basis of statistical ...
Zhu Jie - - 2002
Factors influencing pig oocyte activation by electrical stimulation were evaluated by their effect on the development of parthenogenetic embryos to the blastocyst stage to establish an effective activation protocol for pig nuclear transfer. This evaluation included 1) a comparison of the effect of epidermal growth factor and amino acids in ...
Peng B - - 2002
Arsenic is a natural drinking water contaminant that impacts the health of large populations of people throughout the world; however, the mode or mechanism by which arsenic induces cancer is unclear. In a series of in vitro studies, we exposed leukocytes from humans, mice, rats, and guinea pigs to a ...
Nakajin S - - 2001
Pig 3alpha/beta,20beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3alpha/beta,20beta-HSD) is 80-85% identical to human, rat, and mouse carbonyl reductases. However, pig 3alpha/beta,20beta-HSD contains an extra 12 amino acids at its COOH-terminus that these other mammalian carbonyl reductases lack. We constructed a pig 3alpha/beta,20beta-HSD mutant, G278opal, which lacks these amino acids and found that compared to ...
Koutsoviti-Papadopoulou M - - 2001
This paper examines the effect of biphenylacetic acid on the antagonistic action of norfloxacin and enoxacin on the GABA(A)-mediated responses of the isolated guinea-pig ileum. GABA produced transient contractions followed by relaxation. The contractile effect of exogenously applied GABA was concentration-dependent with EC(50)= 9.8 x 10(-6) M. This contractile effect ...
Craib S J - - 2001
1. In the absence of indomethacin, anandamide did not contract the guinea-pig bronchus at concentrations up to 100 microM. In the presence of indomethacin (10 microM), anandamide induced concentration-related contractions with a pEC(50) value of 5.18+/-0.11. It was significantly less potent than capsaicin (pEC(50) 7.01+/-0.1). The anandamide uptake inhibitor AM404, ...
Cui Y - - 2001
A reduction of dehydroerythorbic acid (DERA) to erythorbic acid (ERA) in vitamin C-deficient guinea pigs was evaluated and compared with that of dehydroascorbic acid (DASA). Thirty-six guinea pigs were fed with vitamin C-deficient diets for 18 days. On day 19, the guinea pigs were divided into four groups for the ...
Stein H H - - 2001
Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of the physiological condition of swine on standardized ileal digestibility coefficients (SID). The apparent ileal digestibility coefficients were determined for crude protein and amino acids in six feed ingredients (corn, barley, wheat, soybean meal, canola meal, and meat and bone meal) in growing ...
Ching S - - 2001
In Experiment 1, we evaluated liver L-gulono-gamma-lactone oxidase (GLO) activity and tissue concentration of ascorbic acid in young pigs from birth to weaning (14 d) and through a 28-d postweaning period; in Experiment 2, we evaluated the effect of three weaning ages on these measurements. Sow colostrum and milk collected ...
Yu D Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: To compare the vasoactive properties of the docosanoid unoprostone, its free acid, and different members of the prostanoid family on isolated perfused pig retinal arterioles to assess their potential to modulate retinal blood flow. METHODS: Segments of porcine retinal arterioles were dissected, cannulated, and perfused, and their diameter monitored ...
Romussi G - - 2001
From the leaf surface exudate of the aerial parts of Salvia cinnabarina a new secoisopimarane diterpenoid with a non-specific spasmolytic activity on histamine-, acetylcholine-, and barium chloride-induced contractions in the isolated guinea-pig ileum was obtained. The IC50 value obtained was comparable with that obtained for papaverine. The structure of 3,4-secoisopimara-4(18),7,15-triene-3-oic ...
Cunha J F - - 2001
We examined some of the mechanisms by which the aspirin metabolite and the naturally occurring metabolite gentisic acid induced relaxation of the guinea pig trachea in vitro. In preparations with or without epithelium and contracted by histamine, gentisic acid caused concentration-dependent and reproducible relaxation, with mean EC(50) values of 18 ...
Olma A - - 2001
To evaluate the role of aromatic amino-acids residues, four analogues of the mu-selective opioid peptide agonist DALDA (H-Tyr-D-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH2) containing the amphiphilic, a,a-disubstituted amino acid (R)- or (S)-alpha-hydroxymethyltyrosine (HmTyr) in position 1 and (R)- or (S)-alpha-hydroxymethylphenylalanine (HmPhe) in position 3 of the peptide sequence were synthesized. Only the [(R)-HmPhe3)]DALDA analogue displayed ...
Aulrich K - - 2001
During the last few years, animal nutrition has been confronted with genetically modified organisms (GMO), and their significance will increase in the future. The study presents investigations on the substantial equivalence of the transgenic Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) corn and the corresponding nontransgenic hybrid Cesar and parameters of nutrition physiology such ...
Johnson W W - - 2001
The ingredients considered in this safety assessment are polyethylene glycol ethers of either propylene glycol itself, propylene glycol stearate, propylene glycol oleate, or propylene glycol cocoate. They function in cosmetic formulations as surfactant--cleansing agents; surfactant-solubilizing agents; surfactant--emulsifying agents; skin conditioning agents--humectant; skin-conditioning agents--emollient; and solvents. Those in current use are ...
Böhme H - - 2001
To analyse substantial equivalence of genetically modified sugar-beets and maize, in which the glufosinate-tolerant (Pat) gene is inserted, crude nutrients, the amino acid and the fatty acid profiles as well as the composition of the NDF-fraction of maize grains were determined and compared with those of the corresponding non-transgenic cultivars. ...
Kaczmarek K - - 2001
A new pathway leading to a mixture of four isomers of 4-aminopyroglutamic acid is described. Michael type addition of Z-deltaAla-OMe to enolates prepared from acylaminomalonates, followed by hydrolysis and decarboxylation give protected 4-aminopyroglutamic acid with the cis:trans ratio approximately 3:2. This mixture was incorporated into Leu-enkephalin (position 2-3). After separation ...
Mahendrasingam S - - 2000
The majority of terminals contacting spherical bushy cell bodies in the guinea-pig anteroventral cochlear nucleus contain GABA, glycine or both (colocalizing). Double labeling with antibodies to each amino acid and the plasma membrane transporter for the other was performed using different sizes of gold particles. The transporter for GABA occurs ...
Lundell K - - 2001
A cytochrome P450 expressed in pig liver was cloned by polymerase chain reaction using oligonucleotide primers based on amino acid sequences of the purified taurochenodeoxycholic acid 6alpha-hydroxylase. This enzyme catalyzes a 6alpha-hydroxylation of chenodeoxycholic acid, and the product hyocholic acid is considered to be a primary bile acid specific for ...
Trevisi L - - 2000
Callipeltin A, a cyclic depsipeptide from the New Caledonian Lithistida sponge Callipelta sp., is a macrocyclic lactone containing four amino acids in the L configuration, Ala, Leu, Thr (2 residues); one (Arg) in the D configuration; two N-methyl amino acids, N-MeAla and N-MeGln; a methoxy tyrosine, a 3, 4-dimethyl-l-glutamine; and ...
Tornøe C W - - 2000
Several new alpha-azido acids have been synthesized and their use in solid-phase peptide synthesis has been demonstrated. The azido group allows for high activation of the carboxyl group as an acid chloride without formation of byproducts and with no detectable racemization. An analog of Leu-enkephalin has been prepared and tested ...
Sewram V - - 2000
The wood of Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. is used by the local Zulu community in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa to facilitate childbirth. In this investigation, the uterotonic properties of extracts from this tree were evaluated using both pregnant and non-pregnant guinea pig uterine smooth muscle in vitro. The extracts were prepared ...
Kitagawa S - - 2000
Effects of cetyltrimethylammonium and two other n-alkyltrimethylammoniums on the permeation of benzoic acid through excised guinea pig dorsal skin were examined. Cetyltrimethylammonium markedly increased both the flux and permeability coefficient in the concentration range of 0.5 and 5 mm. However, 50mM cetyltrimethylammonium decreased them. The presence of 2 mm cetyltrimethylammonium, ...
Vieira C - - 2000
The antinociceptive effect of ricinoleic acid ([R-(Z)]-12-hydroxy-9-octadecenoic acid) in comparison with capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) has been investigated in several "in vivo" tests. Acute topical application of capsaicin, but not ricinoleic acid, produced by itself an hyperalgesic effect detected as a decrease in paw withdrawal latency in response to a painful (heat) ...
van Goudoever J B - - 2000
The metabolism of dietary essential amino acids by the gut has a direct effect on their systemic availability and potentially limits growth. We demonstrate that, in neonatal pigs bearing portal and arterial catheters and fed a diet containing 23% protein [high protein (HP) diet], more than half the intake of ...
Beer A M - - 2000
The aim of the presented studies was to evaluate which classes of compounds of peat ingredients could be responsible for the partial agonistic effect of aqueous peat extract on the alpha2 adreno and D2 dopamine receptors of smooth muscles, which we have reported from former investigations. Based on the different ...
Sakurada K - - 2000
Superfusion with a cyclopropane fatty acid, cis-9, 10-methylenehexadecanoic acid (10-300 microM), reduced the contractility of papillary muscle isolated from guinea pigs in a dose-dependent manner. cis-9,10-Methylenehexadecanoic acid also inhibited the Mg(2+)-ATPase activity of guinea pig papillary myocardium by about 40% at 400 microM. Since cis-9, 10-methylenehexadecanoic acid 4 microM inhibited ...
Kim Y H - - 2000
For an attempt to develop safe materials protecting solar ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin damage, plant extracts were evaluated for their inhibitory activities of free radical generation and arachidonic acid/metabolites release from UVB-irradiated normal human keratinocytes. From the results of these screening procedures, the ethanol extract of the flowers of Prunus persica ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >