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Piao Shong Ji - - 2007
We observed a significant difference in the organic acid profile of diarrheal feces between pigs infected with and free from pathogenic spirochetes. Diarrhea and loose feces were collected from growing pigs, held at 15 different commercial farms. A total of 106 samples were measured for organic acid concentration by HPLC ...
Scapoli C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the use of amino acids and codons in influenza viruses A and B and in their common hosts, to highlight any relevant difference. METHODS: The frequency of the 20 amino acids and of the 61 codons was studied in influenza viruses ...
Amezcua M D R - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of using fermented liquid whey inoculated with specific lactic acid bacteria of pig origin to reduce the severity and progression of postweaning enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli diarrhea in weanling pigs challenged with E. coli O149:K91:F4. Based on two trials, it was ...
Yang Ning-li - - 2007
The photo-dissociations of oxyhemoglobin of several mammals, such as human, bovine, pig, horse, and rabbit, have been studied. By means of optical pump-probe technique, the quantum yields for photo-dissociation of these oxyhemoglobin have been determined at pH 7 and 20 degrees C. A nanosecond laser at 532 nm is used ...
Chu Xiangping - - 2007
Pheretima (family Megascolecidae) has been documented as a potent agent for the treatment of cough and breathing difficulty in traditional Chinese medicine for nearly 2000 years. The water extract of Pheretima was separated into three fractions of the ethanolic precipitate, the alkaline fraction and the acidic fraction. Among the three ...
Kawazoe Yasushi Y Department of Transplantation and Digestive Surgery, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852-8501, - - 2006
To characterize and evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of bioartificial liver (BAL) as compared to that of continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) with plasma exchange (PE), which is the current standard therapy for fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) in Japan. Pigs with hepatic devascularization were divided into three groups: (1) a non-treatment group (NT; ...
Zhang S - - 2007
The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of breed, sex, and halothane genotype on fatty acid composition and several fatty acid indices of lipid extracted from porcine LM. Purebred Yorkshire (n = 436), Duroc (n = 353), Hampshire (n = 218), Spotted (n = 187), Chester White ...
Piva A - - 2007
The purpose of the present work was to investigate the in vivo concentrations of sorbic acid and vanillin as markers of the fate of organic acids (OA) and natural identical flavors (NIF) from a microencapsulated mixture and from the same mixture non-microencapsulated, and the possible consequences on the intestinal microbial ...
Netzlaff Frank - - 2006
Rat and pig animal skin has been the most common replacement material for human skin for use in in vitro permeability experiments. Unfortunately, the permeability barrier of skin from laboratory animals is known to be relatively weak, due to significant follicular transport. Pig skin has been shown to be a ...
Marti-Mestres G - - 2007
Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and oraposide, a natural glycoside, are phenyl-propanoid compounds. These natural products have been reported to have antioxidant activities such as the scavenging of superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals. These compounds could be used in the dermocosmetic field to protect the skin from oxidative stress induced by ...
Kim Juyoung - - 2006
To compare the systemic efficacy of borage oil (Borago officinalis: BO) and gromwell (Lithospermum erythrorhizon), two plant species of the Boraginaceae family, epidermal hyperproliferation was induced in guinea pigs by a hydrogenated coconut oil diet for 8 weeks. Subsequently, guinea pigs were fed diets of BO (group HBO), organic extract ...
Javorkova N - - 2006
Thoracic irradiation may cause an acute lymphocytic alveolitis or hypersensitivity pneumonitis. It is well known that cough reflex is sensitized by a number of inflammatory mediators. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of the thoracic irradiation on the cough response in awake guinea pigs. Guinea ...
Choi Sang Yoon - - 2006
In this study, a new skin-depigmenting agent, 2,6-dimethoxy-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)benzamide (DMPB), was synthesized using a combination of benzoic acid and aniline. DMPB exhibited significant depigmentation ability on the UV B-induced hyperpigmentation of the brown guinea pig skin. In addition, the 100ppm treatment with this compound had a 30% inhibitory effect on melanin ...
Minamizawa Kiyoshi - - 2006
To evaluate the efficacy of three common antitussive Kampo formulas, eppikahangeto (EPP), bakumondoto (BAK), and shoseiryutogomakyokansekito (SGM), a new cough model of guinea pig was used, which could specifically induce a laryngeal cough by microinjection of citric acid solution into the larynx. Kampo extract was dissolved in water and the ...
Canning Brendan J - - 2006
Experiments carried out in conscious guinea pigs suggest that citric acid-evoked coughing is partly mediated by transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptor-dependent activation of tachykinin-containing, capsaicin-sensitive C fibers. In vitro electrophysiological analyses indicate, however, that acid also activates capsaicin-sensitive and -insensitive vagal afferent nerves by a TRPV1-independent mechanism, ...
Lemmens-Gruber Rosa - - 2006
The spasmolytic activity of a flavonoid fraction of a commercial sample of yarrow (Achillea millefolium s.l.), its main flavonoids as well as quercetin and two flavonoid metabolites were investigated on isolated terminal guinea-pig ilea. The aglycones quercetin, luteolin and apigenin exhibited the highest antispasmodic activities with IC50 values of 7.8 ...
Yamamoto Shintaro - - 2006
Extracellular acidic pH was found to induce an outwardly rectifying Cl- current (I(Cl,acid)) in mouse ventricular cells, with a half-maximal activation at pH 5.9. The current showed the permeability sequence for anions to be SCN- > Br- > I- > Cl- > F- > aspartate, while it exhibited a time-dependent ...
Yoshimura Mineka - - 2005
A pomegranate extract (PE) from the rind containing 90% ellagic acid was tested for its skin-whitening effect. PE showed inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase in vitro, and the inhibition by the extract was comparable to that of arbutin, which is a known whitening agent. PE, when administered orally, also inhibited ...
Lee Min-Goo - - 2006
RATIONALE: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ has been reported to inhibit capsaicin- and mechanically provoked cough in animal models, but the mechanism of this effect has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine whether nociceptin inhibits acid-evoked cough in conscious animals and to evaluate the mechanism of this ...
Liederer Bianca M - - 2005
In vitro stability studies of oxymethyl-modified coumarinic acid (OMCA) cyclic prodrugs of the diastereomeric opioid peptides DADLE ([D-Ala2,D-Leu5]-Enk, H-Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-D-Leu-OH), [Ala2,D-Leu5]-Enk (H-Tyr-Ala-Gly-Phe-D-Leu-OH), [D-Ala2,Leu5]-Enk (H-Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-Leu-OH), and [Ala2,Leu5]-Enk (H-Tyr-Ala-Gly-Phe-Leu-OH) were conducted to evaluate how the chirality of specific amino acid residues (Ala2 and Leu5) in the peptide portion affects their bioconversion by esterases. ...
Hotta Aya - - 2005
The effects of flufenamic acid were investigated on slow waves, follower potentials and pacemaker potentials recorded respectively from circular smooth muscle cells, longitudinal smooth muscle cells and interstitial cells of Cajal distributed in the myenteric layers (ICC-MY) of the guinea-pig stomach antrum. Flufenamic acid (>10(-5) M) inhibited the amplitude and ...
Zhang Xue-Mei - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the bile acid pool size after cholecystectomy whether or not correlated to the gastrointestinal migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) in guinea pigs. METHODS: Gallbladder motilities were assessed before cholecystectomy. Furthermore, we continuously monitored interdigestive gastrointestinal motilities using bipolar electrodes in conscious guinea pigs before and after surgery at ...
Knafo Laurent - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Parenteral multivitamin preparation (MVP) induces fatty liver in neonatal guinea pig pups; this is prevented by photoprotection. Photo-excited riboflavin present in MVP generates H(2)O(2) and molecules with masses of 136 and 208. We hypothesized that H(2)O(2) initiates the peroxidation of ascorbic acid (AA), producing biologically active byproducts affecting hepatic ...
Inagaki Akiko - - 2005
Large bowel bacteria convert various carbohydrates into short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). SCFA stimulate epithelial cell proliferation of the large intestine in vivo and inhibit that of various cells in vitro. Supposing that too high concentration of SCFA on the serosal side is responsible for their inhibitory effect in vitro, we ...
El-Hashim Ahmed Z - - 2005
In this study we investigated the ability of aerosolized substance P to induce either cough or bronchoconstriction in guinea-pigs. We have also examined whether pre-treatment, by the inhaled route, of animals with a combination of the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor, phosphoramidon (10(-3) M), and the diaminopeptidase IV inhibitor, diprotin A (10(-3) ...
Rivero-Cruz Blanca - - 2005
A dichloromethane-MeOH extract prepared from the aerial parts of Brickellia veronicaefolia inhibited the spontaneous contractions (IC50 = 39.22 microg/mL) of the guinea-pig ileum. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the extract led to the isolation of three new benzoic acid derivatives, 1,2-bis-O-(2-methoxybenzoyl)-beta-d-glucopyranoside (1), 3-(beta-glucopyranosyloxy)benzyl 2,6-dimethoxybenzoate (2) and 3-hydroxybenzyl 2,6-dimethoxybenzoate (3), together with the ...
Irigaray P - - 2005
Due to their lipophilic properties, dioxins can be integrated into the lipidic vacuole of adipocytes (fat cells). The aim of this study was to determine the kinetics of incorporation and release of 3H-labelled palmitic acid and 14C-labelled 2,3,7,8-TCDD in isolated adipocytes from pigs. The incorporation of 2,3,7,8-TCDD and palmitic acid ...
Willig Stephanie - - 2005
Odor emission from swine facilities is determined by microbial breakdown of amino acids or carbohydrates in the pig colon. It was the aim to influence apoptosis and thus amino acid availability for odor formation by feeding resistant starch (300 g kg(-1) feed) over the whole fattening period to 40 pigs. ...
Zheng Hai-Feng - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effects of exogenous unsaturated fatty acids on calcium-activated potassium current (I(K(Ca))) in gastric antral circular myocytes of guinea pigs. METHODS: Gastric myocytes were isolated by collagenase from the antral circular layer of guinea pig stomach. The whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to record I(K(Ca)) in ...
Cheon Yewon - - 2005
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), a key regulator of fatty acid oxidation, is essential for adaptation to fasting in rats and mice. However, physiological functions of PPARalpha in other species, including humans, are controversial. A group of PPARalpha ligands called peroxisome proliferators (PPs) causes peroxisome proliferation and hepatocarcinogenesis only in ...
- - 2005
Methacrylic Acid is an organic acid used at concentrations between 50 and 88 percent to pretreat the nail and maximize the adhesion between the nail and artificial nail extender. Methacrylic Acid is readily absorbed through mucous membranes of the lungs, the gastrointestinal tract, and the skin; and is distributed to ...
Moral R - - 2005
In this research, different types of animal manure were evaluated with respect to organic matter (OM), total organic carbon (C(ot)), total N (N(t)), C(ot)/N(t) ratio, water-soluble organic carbon (C(w)), organic N (N(org)), carbohydrates, C(w)/N(org) ratio, humic acid-like carbon (C(ha)), fulvic acid-like carbon (C(fa)), humification index ((C(ha)/C(ot))x100) (HI) and the C(ha)/C(fa) ...
- - 2005
Octyldodecyl Stearoyl Stearate is an ester that functions as a skin-conditioning agent and viscosity-increasing agent. It is reported to be used in 105 cosmetic products at concentrations from 2% to 15%. In an isolated human skin permeation and penetration study, 0.005% of the applied dose permeated the skin, around 3% ...
Kim Jeong-Dong JD Department of Life Science, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, - - 2004
A number of different sources, such as composts, leachates, and pig feces samples were collected from different pig farms in Korea. Several microorganisms were screened for their ability to deodorize the malodorous gases. As a result, a novel malodorous gas-deodorizing bacterial strain KJ-2008 was isolated due to the most abundant ...
Helmy Fatma M - - 2004
The phosphoglycerides profile of six species of mammalian kidney (guinea pig, pig, cat, dog, mouse and rat) and their in vitro response to the endogenous phospholipases were determined by TLC technology in conjunction with densitometric measurements. Changes in their phospholipids profile subsequent to in vitro incubation of whole tissue homogenate ...
Kracht W - - 2004
In the presented study the influence of dehulling rapeseed on the composition of rapeseed meal (RM) and rapeseed cake (RC) and on its feed value for piglets and growing-finishing pigs was investigated. Before withdrawal of oil, rapeseed (variety Express) was dehulled applying a procedure developed by SKET GmbH Magdeburg and ...
Miyamoto Kenji - - 2004
HADgels are newly developed photocrosslinked hyaluronate hydrogels. They are produced from an aqueous solution of a hyaluronan derivative (HAD) in which cinnamic acid is introduced into the carboxyl moiety of hyaluronan using 3-aminopropanol as a spacer. High-energy ultraviolet irradiation of the HAD solution induces photodimerization of cinnamic acid, resulting in ...
Medina-Gutiérrez C - - 2004
Using near infrared Raman microspectroscopy with laser light of 830 nm, the distribution of amino acids along the visual and equatorial axes of a normal pig lens was studied. The classification of pig lens Raman spectra in these axes was performed using principal component analysis and linear discriminant analysis. The ...
Kam Yoo Lim - - 2004
We describe the solution-phase combinatorial synthesis and pharmacological effect of fifty N,N(')-substituted-N"-1-(4-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine iminodiacetic acid triamide derivatives as nonpeptide B2 antagonists. The synthesized compounds were tested for their antibradykinin activity by utilizing guinea-pig ileum smooth muscle. Most of the compounds showed antagonistic effects on bradykinin induced contraction. N-acetyl-N(')-(4-methylbenzyl)-N"-1-(4-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine iminodiacetic acid triamide ...
Saeki Kazuhiro - - 2004
Linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) are polyunsaturated fatty acids that are essential for mammalian nutrition, because mammals lack the desaturases required for synthesis of Delta12 (n-6) and n-3 fatty acids. Many plants can synthesize these fatty acids and, therefore, to examine the effects of a plant desaturase in ...
Ishitsuka Yoichi - - 2004
An intravenous injection of oleic acid into animals can produce a lung injury with hypoxaemia and pulmonary vascular hyper-permeability. Although oleic acid lung injury is used as a model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the precise mechanisms of the lung injury are still unclear. We have investigated whether thromboxane ...
Roch Antoine - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The double indicator method is sensitive to alterations in the distribution of pulmonary blood flow. This distribution is influenced by the type of lung injury. The aim of this study was to compare measurements of lung water by the double indicator method with measurements obtained by gravimetry in a ...
Varona L - - 2004
A simple procedure to calculate the Bayes factor between linked and pleiotropic QTL models is presented. The Bayes factor is calculated from the marginal prior and posterior densities of the locations of the QTL under a linkage and a pleiotropy model. The procedure is computed with a Gibbs sampler, and ...
Gwynne Rachel M - - 2004
Small intestinal movements depend on the composition of the chyme with mixing predominating at high nutrient levels and propulsion being prevalent at low nutrient levels. The mechanisms coupling nutrients to motility are unknown. We used computer analysis of video recordings of isolated guinea-pig duodenum, jejunum and ileum to examine movements ...
Suwanpidokkul Nuntakan - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of vehicles, enhancers, and polymer membranes on 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) permeation across cadaver pig skin. Four binary vehicles (ethanol/water, isopropyl alcohol/water, polyethylene glycol 400/water, and ethanol/isopropyl myristate [IPM]) were tested for AZT solubility and permeability across pig skin; ethanol/IPM (50/50, vol/vol) ...
Helmy Fatma M - - 2003
The phosphoglycerides profile of guinea pig kidney, fetal, young adult, and aged, and their in vitro response to the endogenous lipolytic enzymes, mainly in the phospholipase group were determined by TLC technology in conjunction with densitometric measurement. Changes in phosphoglycerides profile subsequent to in vitro incubation of these tissues at ...
Joad Jesse P - - 2004
Children raised with extended exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) experience increased cough and wheeze. This study was designed to determine whether extended ETS exposure enhances citric acid-induced cough and bronchoconstriction in young guinea pigs via a neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor mechanism at the first central synapse of lung afferent neurons, ...
Lundell Kerstin - - 2003
Cholic acid is the major trihydroxy bile acid formed in most mammals. The domestic pig (Sus scrofa) is an exception. The bile of adult pig is devoid of cholic acid whereas hyocholic acid is found in amounts equal to that of cholic acid in humans. The pathway leading to formation ...
Zaniboni Massimiliano - - 2003
Although protons can directly or indirectly gate solute permeability of the myocardial gap junction, there is little information regarding their own permeation, despite their importance in the regulation of myocardial contractility and rhythm. By pipette-loading of acid into guinea pig isolated, ventricular myocyte pairs while imaging pH(i) confocally using SNARF ...
Sheridan B A - - 2003
Odour control from pig production facilities is a significant concern due to increased public awareness and the development of more stringent legislation to control production. Although many technologies exist, biofiltration is still the most attractive due to its low maintenance and operating costs. One of the key odour components, n-butyric ...
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