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Boda D - - 1976
Experiments were carried out on near term pregnant guinea pigs. Cesarean section was performed and by exteriorization of the foetuses the placental stage of labor was simulated. In one group of foetuses, chosen at random, we induced hypoxia, and in an another series of experiments asphyxia, each group with its ...
Noster U - - 1976
A patient developed a circumscribed contact dermatitis after a single contact with squaric-acid-diethylester (SADE). Patch tests with low concentrations of SADE were positive. Based on these observations, experimental studies on the sensitizing capacity of SADE were performed on guinea-pigs. The results disclosed that this compound is a strong sensitizer. Derivatives ...
Mier P D - - 1976
The activities of fifteen acid hydrolases have been measured in seven tissues of the guinea-pig; fourteen of these were also assayed in the epidermis of four other mammalian species. The most striking finding was that the proportion of acid phosphatase was consistently much higher in epidermis than in the other ...
Sepúlveda F V - - 1976
The ability of dog renal cortex slices to accumulate beta-methyl-glucoside or glycine is enhanced by the flavonoid (+)-catechin at a concentration of 3.5 mM. This stimulatory effect is apparently due to a decreased rate of efflux of either substrate. On the other hand, the uptake of p-amino-hippuric acid and N1-methyl-nicotinamide ...
Ginter E - - 1976
Three guinea pigs fed a vitamin C-free diet manifested no symptoms of scurvy even after 4-8 months, normally increased in body weight and excreted quantities of ascorbic acid in urine far exceeding the total body pool of ascorbic acid. The course of healing subsequent to experimental trauma in one of ...
Sarkany I - - 1976
The use of measurement of skin thickness in guinea pigs has been compared with other techniques for assessment of topical applications. This method has provided us with an accurate evaluation of the corticosteroid dose-response curve and the effect of bases. The method has shown that non-steroid prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors can ...
Davies J E - - 1976
Manual presentation of a liquid scorbutogenic diet permitted a more complete characterisation of the terminal stages of scurvy in guinea pigs. A bioflavonoid preparation from orange peel, previously shown both to increase the tissue concentrations of ascorbic acid and to stimulate the growth of hypovitaminotic C guinea pigs, had no ...
Sugimura K - - 1976
The effects of the fat-soluble vitamins (retinol, alpha-tocopherol, phylloquinone and ubiquinone) and their related compounds were investigated on the immune response in vivo. E acid-I, dihydro E acid-I, ES-6, K acid-I, Q acid-II and QS-3 act as adjuvants on the production of circulating antibody to bacterial alpha-amylase in mice when ...
Nakashima Y - - 1976
The decrease of tyrosine hydroxylase activity in adrenal homogenate in scurvy was recovered after the administration of ascorbic acid. The causes of the increase in the enzyme activity after the administration of ascorbic acid have been studied. 1. No significant elevation in the enzyme activity was observed after the administration ...
Kuijpers W - - 1976
The effect of ethacrynic acid on ATPase activities in the stria vascularis of rat and guinea pig inner ear was studied. Both Na-K- and Mg-activated ATPase activities were inhibited non-selectively only at very high concentrations of ethacrynic acid, in contrast to the selective inhibition of Na-K-ATPase activity by ouabain. It ...
Flemström G - - 1976
Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) was elicited in guinea pigs sensitized with rabbit antidextran by the absorption of dextran macromolecules from the stomach induced by intragastric acetylsalicylic acid. The gastric contents had a pH sufficiently low to maintain the acid mainly in the unionized form since it is the latter which ...
Jomain-Baum M - - 1975
Octanoate and L-palmitylcarnitine inhibited the synthesis of P-enolpyruvate from alpha-ketoglutarate and malate by isolated guinea pig liver mitochondria. A 50% reduction in P-enolpyruvate formation was obtained with 0.1 to 0.2 mM octanoate or with 0.06 to 0.10 mM L-palmitylcarnitine. At these concentrations, oxidative phosphorylation remained intact and only much higher ...
Jauch R - - 1975
After both oral and rectal administration in humans (4,4'-diacetoxy-diphenyl)-(pyridyl-2)-methane (bisacodyl, Dulcolax) and 4,4'-(2-pyridyl-methylene)-diphenol-disulfuric acid semiester disodium (sodium picosulfate, Laxoberal) are hydrolyzed to bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridyl-2-methane (BHPM). In both cases BHPM is responsible for the laxative action. Experiments in rats and guinea pigs have shown that the hydrolysis of picosulfate, in contrast to ...
Chatterjee I B - - 1975
1. In guinea-pigs fed an ascorbic-acid-free diet, as the ascorbic acid levels decreased the histamine levels in blood and urine rose steadily to maxima in about 10-12 days. The elevated histamine levels persisted in the blood and urine of scorbutic guinea-pigs and the histamine levels in lung, gastric mucosa and ...
From A H - - 1975
Ethacrynic acid (ECA), a sulfhydryl group inhibiting diuretic was examined for positive inotropic effects. These were found to be present in isolated guinea pig left atria studied in 0.9 and 1.8 mM Ca bathing solutions and were partially dependent upon adrenergic mechanisms (presumably secondary to norepinephrine release from sympathetic nerve ...
Fairchild G A - - 1975
The effect of inhalation of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) aerosol on respiratory deposition of radiolabeled streptococcus aerosol was investigated in guinea pigs. A 60 minute exposure to 3020 mugm/m3 H2SO4 (1.8 mum CMD) resulted in a 60% greater total respiratory deposition rate than control animals and a proximal shift in the ...
Alarie Y C - - 1975
Groups of cynomolgus monkeys and guinea pigs were exposed to mixtures of sulfur dioxide, fly ash, and sulfuric acid mist. The exposure concentrations varied between 0.1 and 5.0 ppm for sulfur dioxide, 0.1 and 1 mg/cu m for sulfuric acid mist, while a concentration of approximately 0.5 mg/cu m was ...
Robbin R P - - 1975
Summary--Aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA; 1 MM) when perfused through the scala tympani of guinea pigs produced a biphasic reduction in the endocochlear potential, together with a shift in the input-output functions of the cochlear microphonics and the compound action potential of the cochlear nerve. Since the ionic (Na+, K+) content of ...
Majumder A K - - 1975
The nutritional values of the whole grain principal cereals, namely, wheat, rice, corn, and a millet bajra, were investigated by growth studies and studies on ascorbic acid metabolism in rats and guinea pigs. Growth was markedly retarded by feeding the rats unfortified whole grain cereals. Among the whole grain cereals, ...
Ravens K G - - 1975
With sufficient oxygen supply to isolated papillary muscles of the guinea pig no specific effect of linoleic acid on the parameters of muscle function could be detected. During hypoxia, however, there was a marked reduction in effective refractory period and in contractile force which had the same order of magnitude ...
Shimizu H - - 1975
Vesicles from guinea pig cerebral cortex prepared by homogenization in Krebs-Ringer buffer contained adenylate cyclase activity which was stimulated by the acidic amino acids, cysteine sulfinic and glutamic acids, and by norepinephrine as well as by an alkaloid, veratridine. With these vesicular preparations the concentrations of amino acids required for ...
Saggerson E D - - 1974
1. Fat-cells isolated from rabbit perirenal adipose tissue were incubated with the following U-(14)C-labelled substrates: 5mm-glucose (+insulin), 5mm-pyruvate, 5mm-lactate, 5mm-glucose+5mm-acetate (+insulin), and the relative rates of incorporation of these substrates into glyceride fatty acids determined. In general total rates of fatty acid synthesis were similar whatever substrate was supplied to ...
Baca O G - - 1974
A lipopolysaccharide obtained in a dialyzed phenol extract from the rickettsia Coxiella burneti produced the following effects in guinea pigs after intraperitoneal injection: hyperthermia, loss of body weight, increased liver weight and concomitant lipid infiltration, elevated levels of hepatic and plasma cortisol, increased incorporation of [(3)H]orotic acid into hepatic 28S ...
Chatterjee I B - - 1973
The ability to synthesize ascorbic acid is absent in the insects, invertebrates, and fishes. The biosynthetic capacity started in the kidney of amphibians, resided in the kidney of reptiles, became transferred to the liver of mammals, and finally disappeared from the guinea pig, the flying mammals, monkey, and man. A ...
Challoner D R - - 1972
Previous studies from this laboratory and by Wittels and Bressler have suggested that myocardial carnitine depletion and an accompanying decrease in fatty acid oxidation may contribute to the myocardial disease associated with diphtheria. In addition, administration of carnitine was found to prolong survival of diphtheritic guinea pigs and improve ventricular ...
Lewis G P - - 1972
1. Aqueous extracts of stratum corneum were found to cause histamine-like contractions of the guinea-pig ileum which were not antagonized by mepyramine, atropine or bromolysergic acid diethylamide.2. The compounds responsible for this contraction were isolated by chromatography and shown to be common amino acids, particularly L-serine and L-alanine which occur ...
Price C J - - 1972
1. Noradrenaline (1mm) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (1mm) stimulated the production of unesterified palmitate, oleate, stearate and arachidonate in nerve endings (synaptosomes) isolated from combined guinea-pig cerebral cortex and cerebellum. 2. Iproniazid phosphate (0.36mm) increased the concentrations of the same acids in osmotically ruptured synaptosomes. Further addition of 1mm-noradrenaline or 1mm-5-hydroxytryptamine reversed ...
Strauss R R - - 1971
Evidence is presented which suggests that the mechanism of action of the myeloperoxidase-H(2)O(2)-Cl(-) antimicrobial system in the phagocyte is by the formation of aldehydes. Aldehyde production resulting from myeloperoxidase-mediated decarboxylation and deamination of alanine was quantitated with 20,000-g granules from guinea pig polymorphonuclear leukocytes serving as the enzyme. Equimolar quantities ...
Leslie R G - - 1970
The isolation of guinea-pig immunoglobulins gamma(1)G, gamma(2)G and gammaM are described and methods for separating the polypeptide chains of each examined. The molecular weights, extinction coefficients and carbohydrate and amino acid compositions of the immunoglobulins and their constituent chains have been analysed. The findings provide a basis for further studies ...
Zhivkov V - - 1970
1. A method for the isolation from animal tissues of UDP-glucuronic acid by one-dimensional paper chromatography is described and its concentrations in some tissues of several species of vertebrates are reported; the incorporation of [(32)P]-phosphate into UDP-glucuronic acid in vivo was also investigated. 2. The concentration of UDP-glucuronic acid was ...
Ryan W L - - 1970
Administration of either Escherichia coli asparaginase or guinea pig serum to C3H/HE mice with the 6C3HED lymphosarcoma is followed by depression of glycine in the tumor. This decrease in cellular glycine concentration does not occur in a tumor resistant to asparaginase. The inhibition of the lymphosarcoma by asparaginase can be ...
Das N P - - 1969
1. The fate of (+)-[U-(14)C]catechin and (+)-[ring A-(14)C]catechin has been studied in the guinea pig and rat. 2. (+)-[U-(14)C]Catechin was shown to give rise to labelled phenolic acids, labelled phenyl-gamma-valerolactones and (14)CO(2). 3. (+)-[ring A-(14)C]-Catechin did not give rise to labelled phenolic acids, but labelled phenyl-gamma-valerolactones were detected together with ...
Abramson F B - - 1969
1. Two metabolites of radioactively labelled guanethidine were isolated from rabbit and pig liver homogenates by ion-exchange chromatography on a sulphonic acid resin. 2. One of the metabolites was eluted from the column with ammonia and identified as 2-(6-carboxyhexylamino)ethylguanidine on the basis of the elemental analysis, i.r. spectrum and pH ...
Somberg E W - - 1969
1. The carboxylation of pyruvate to oxaloacetate by pyruvate carboxylase in guinea-pig liver mitochondria was determined by measuring the amount of (14)C from H(14)CO(3) (-) fixed into organic acids in the presence of pyruvate, ATP, Mg(2+) and P(i). The main products of pyruvate carboxylation were malate, fumarate and citrate. Pyruvate ...
Bickerstaffe R - - 1969
1. A comparative study was made of triglyceride synthesis by the intestinal epithelium of pigs, sheep and chickens. In pig and chicken tissue both the glycerol 3-phosphate and the monoglyceride pathway of triglyceride synthesis were operative, but the former pathway predominated in sheep tissue. 2. The fatty acid specificity of ...
Naqvi S H - - 1969
3alpha-Hydroxy-5-cholanoic acid (lithocholic acid) and some unidentified acids (one of them perhaps 3-hydroxy-cholest-5-en-26-oic acid) have been detected in the brains of guinea pigs afflicted with experimental "allergic" encephalomyelitis. None of the acids could be identified in comparable amounts of brain tissue from normal guinea pigs. Thin-layer chromatography of the free ...
Das N P - - 1968
1. Administration of (+)-catechin to the guinea pig gives rise to a number of phenolic acids and lactones, which have been identified by chromatographic and spectrophotometric methods. The major phenolic acid metabolite is m-hydroxybenzoic acid and the major lactone metabolite is delta-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-gamma-valerolactone. 2. The phenolic acid and lactone metabolites are ...
Wong K P - - 1968
1. The following compounds were glucuronidated in the presence of UDP-glucuronic acid and a microsomal preparation made from guinea-pig liver: (14)C-labelled 3-O-methyladrenaline, 3-O-methylnoradrenaline, 3-methoxytyramine and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenethanol, as well as unlabelled harmalol and harmol. 2. [(14)C]Homovanillic (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic) acid was not a substrate for the microsomal glucuronyltransferase. 3. The K(m) values for ...
Davidoff F - - 1968
Derivatives of guanidine, such as phenethylbiguanide, are potent inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration in vitro, but the relevance of this inhibition to their in vivo blood sugar-lowering action is not clear. We have studied the metabolism of pyruvate and long chain fatty acids by mitochondria from several tissues of guinea pigs ...
Klebanoff S J - - 1968
An antibacterial effect of myeloperoxidase, a halide, such as iodide, bromide, or chloride ion, and H(2)O(2) on Escherichia coli or Lactobacillus acidophilus is described. When L. acidophilus was employed, the addition of H(2)O(2) was not required; however, the protective effect of catalase suggested that, in this instance, H(2)O(2) was generated ...
Carnegie P R - - 1967
1. Basic protein (mol.wt. 16500) and polypeptides (mol.wt. 3500) were isolated from bovine spinal cord by a procedure involving defatting, acid extraction of the defatted material and repeated chromatography on Sephadex G-50. Similar fractions were isolated from guinea-pig brain. 2. These fractions produced experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in guinea pigs. 3. ...
Prottey C - - 1967
1. The labelling of guinea-pig pancreas phospholipids in vivo after intraperitoneal injection of [(32)P]orthophosphate is described. 2. Acyl-CoA synthetase activity in pancreas homogenates has been studied. There is no absolute requirement for added fatty acids, indicating an adequate supply of endogenous fatty acids in these preparations. 3. Phosphatidic acid is ...
Lee D - - 1967
Methods are described for the isolation and purification of pepsinogen D, a minor zymogen occurring to the extent of about 5% of the potential proteolytic activity in neutral extracts of the pig gastric mucosa. The physical and chemical properties of this zymogen indicate that it is very similar to, if ...
BENACERRAF B - - 1963
An effort was made to immunize guinea pigs with arsanilic acid conjugates of copolymers of D- and L-alpha-amino acids; ASD-GAT and ASL-GAT. An immune response was observed only in the case of ASL-GAT. Antibodies specific for the arsanilic acid hapten were produced which could also react with ASD-GAT or ASGPA. ...
BRANDRISS M W - - 1963
Methotrexate inhibited the production of allergic encephalomyelitis in guinea pigs when administered between the time of sensitization and the onset of disease. If treatment was delayed until the day of onset of encephalomyelitis, the disease was still suppressed and the death rate was reduced. The protective effect of methotrexate was ...
AUSTEN K F - - 1961
The quantitative release of histamine and slow reacting substance by specific antigen from perfused, chopped, sensitized guinea pig lung has been used to study the opposing effects of monobasic and certain dibasic fatty acids on the anaphylactic reaction. The anaphylactic release of histamine and slow reacting substance is doubled by ...
SIEKEVITZ P - - 1960
Ribonucleoprotein (RNP)(1) particles isolated by DOC treatment from pancreatic microsomes have a RNA content of 35 to 45 per cent of their dry weight. In the analytical ultracentrifuge about 85 per cent of the material has a sedimentation coefficient of approximately 85 S. These particles contain amylase, RNase, and trypsin-activatable ...
BOLKER H I - - 1956
The synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids from acetate-l-C(14) by the isolated liver, adrenal, and aorta of scorbutic and pair-fed control guinea pigs has been studied. It was found that ascorbic acid deficiency does not affect the rate of incorporation of C(14)-acetate into cholesterol and fatty acids by the tissues ...
Landsteiner K - - 1940
Sensitization of guinea pigs to picric acid was obtained by application of oil solutions to the skin, preferably on inflamed sites or by treatment with a compound of picric acid with n-butyl-p-aminobenzoate. The lesions obtained in sensitive animals on superficial administration bore resemblance to human eczema. It seems probable that ...
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