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Zloch Z - - 1979
Large peroral doses of D-isoascorbic acid, a vitamin C stereoisomer (50 mg per animal per day), were retained in the guinea-pig organism to a smaller extent than the same doses of L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Simultaneous administration of the flavonoids rutin and epicatechin increased the amount of D-isoascorbic acid retained ...
Amdur M O - - 1978
This study was designed to utilize our guinea pig bioassay method for irritant response to address the question of whether or not ozone and sulfur dioxide appeared to react to form sulfuric acid in the respiratory tract. Animals were exposed to 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 ppm of each gas alone ...
Sund R B - - 1978
Tissue uptake and transepithelial permeation of 35S-sulphanilic acid were studied in the isolated guinea pig jejunal mucosa. Methoxy-3H-inulin added simultaneously served as a marker for the extracellular space and permeability of paracellular shunt pathways in the preparation. The uptake of sulphanilic acid from the blood side exceeded that from the ...
Olenchock S A - - 1978
Settled grain dust was collected from several active grain elevators in the Superior-Duluth areas of the United States. Particle size distribution (47% less than 5 micrometer) and endotoxin contamination (429 ng/gm) of the dust were similar to those reported for the airborne parent dust. Human complement uas activated in vitro ...
Warrander A - - 1978
1. Urinary levels of xylitol and glucuronic, glucaric, gulonic and ascorbic acids were measured in the rat, rabbit, guinea-pig and marmoset by an improved g.l.c. technique. 2. Administration of a compound (2-methylbenzanilide) known to be conjugated and excreted as a beta-glucuronide had some effect on the output of these compounds ...
Marcus D C - - 1978
The respiratory quotient of the stria vascularis was measured in vitro by means of Cartesian diver microgasometry. A value of about 1.2 was found when the incubation medium was phosphate-buffered serum substitute with glucose as the sole substrate. This value suggests that endogenous lipids and amino acids do not contribute ...
Straus E - - 1978
Immunoreactive secretin in hydrochloric acid extracts is relatively constant in the duodenum and proximal jejunum of pig and dog (3 microgram per g), but peaks in the distal duodenum of guinea pig (1 microgram per g), no secretin being detectable in the ileum of these species. Secretin is relatively constant ...
Harmon C K - - 1978
Lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase, which catalyzes the acylation of lysophosphatidylcholine with fatty acid coenzyme A to form phosphatidylcholine, was assayed in gall-bladder mucosa. In guinea pig gall-bladder the activity parallels that of the microsomal enzyme, glucose-6-phosphatase with 3--4-fold enrichment of the activity in the microsomes. Studies with saturated and unsaturated substrates demonstrated ...
Adcock J J - - 1978
Fragments of chopped lung from indomethacin treated guinea-pigs had an anti-aggregating effect when added to human platelet rich plasma (PRP), probably due to the production of prostacyclin (PGI2) since the effect was inhibited by 15-hydroperoxy arachidonic acid (15-HPAA, 10 micrograms ml(-1)). Both 15-HPAA (1-20 micrograms ml(-1) min (-1)) and 13-hydroperoxy ...
Sun G Y - - 1978
The acyl groups of diacyl-glycerophosphocholine1 (GPC) and diacyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE) in guinea pig adrenals are comprised mainly of 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 20:4(n-6) with only trace amounts of the longer chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an increase in the proportions of 18:2 and a decrease in the 20:4(n-6) of ...
Lis D - - 1978
Isolated tubules of the renal medulla of guinea-pig and rat contained glycosaminoglycans. 20--25% of the uronic acids corresponded to hyaluronic acid. In the guinea-pig, chondroitin and dermatan-sulfates accounted for at least 50% of the uronic acids, whereas, in the rat, heparan sulfates comprised 65--70% of them.
Khoyi M A - - 1978
1 The isolated electrically-paced atrium of the guinea-pig developed a dose-dependent increase in the force of contraction in response to ethacrynic acid (12-100 microgram/ml) which was blocked by pretreatment of the animals with reserpine but was unaffected by desipramine or colchicine added to the bathing medium. 2 There was a ...
Waring R H - - 1978
1. The metabolism of S-carboxymethylcysteine (Mucodyne) has been studied in the rat, rabbit, guinea-pig, marmoset and human. All species studied, except the rabbit, excrete large amounts of the parent compound. 2. Rabbits and humans give S-carboxymethylcysteine sulphoxide, rats form N-acetyl-S-carboxymethylcysteine while marmosets excrete methylmercapturic acid as other major metabolites. Traces ...
Wachtel T L - - 1978
A porcine burn model demonstrates hypoglycemia in spite of hyperglucagonemia. The ketone response to free fatty acids is defined for the normal and burned pig. Ketogenesis is augmented beyond that expected from free fatty acids during the postburn period. These metabolic changes may be related to the hyperglucagonemia and/or the ...
Wilbur V A - - 1978
Male guinea pigs fed a vitamin C-deficient diet for 3 weeks had lower concentrations of cholesteryl esters in their adrenals than did control animals fed the recommended intake of the vitamin. Not all esters were affected to the same degree, and the fatty acid profiles of the esters from control ...
Meade C J - - 1978
This paper reports the effects of supplementation of the diet with linoleic acid on the severity of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in guinea pigs. Clinical signs of disease (e.g. paresis, paraplegia, urinary incontinence), weight loss, frequency of perivascular lesions in the central nervous system and ability of isolated lymph node ...
Gray G M - - 1978
The least polar of four chromatographically distinct glucosylceramides in both pig and human epidermis, was identified from its infrared spectrum and degradation products as O-acylglucosylceramide. Permethylation studies indicated that the acyl group was attached predominantly (80%) to the C-3 of glucose in the pig and only to the C-3 glucose ...
Wyborny L E - - 1978
An equation was derived from which the turnover time of individual muscle proteins could be calculated from measurements made at a single time interval in individual animals after initiation of constant intravenous infusion of labelled amino acid. The calculation requires only the specific radioactivities of the amino acid in plasma, ...
Hemsworth G R - - 1978
Cellular resistance to facultative intracellular parasites has been studied by determining the antimycobacterial activity and the amount of fatty acids in sera and in heptane extracts of freshly collected and 24-h-cultured normal and activated guinea pig alveolar macrophages and liver cells. The quantity and the antimycobacterial activity of extractable fatty ...
Zwierz K - - 1978
Hexosamine isomerase from pig intestinal mucosa was purified about 70-fold. The aminosugar product of the enzymatic reaction was identified as glucosamine 6-phosphate and amino acid product as glutamic acid. The pH optimum was 7.1 Km for fructose 6-phosphate was 6.3 X 10(-4) mol/1 and for L-glutamine 6.5 X 10(-4) mol/1.
Floc'h F - - 1978
Relatively low molecular weight peptidoglycan fragments extracted from two strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. hominis were chemically coupled with lauric acid. The fatty acid conjugates were compared with the native substances with respect to some immunopotentiating activities. In vitro, the mitogenic effect on murine spleen lymphocytes was significantly enhanced following ...
Li J R - - 1977
3beta-hydroxy-5-cholenoic acid was found in the bile and feces of newborn and fetal guinea pigs. The identity of this compound was confirmed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. This finding suggests that the formation of chenodeoxycholic acid through 3beta-hydroxy-5-cholenoic acid is intermediate in the early life of guinea pigs. Thus, ...
Barrow P A - - 1977
The gastrointestinal microflora and gastric physiology of piglets weaned at 2 days was compared with that of piglets allowed to continue sucking the sow. Although there was a significantly higher count of Escherichia coli in the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum of the early-weaned compared with sow-reared pigs, these differences were ...
Salit I E - - 1977
Many enterobacteria can cause agglutination of erythrocytes, but previous investigations have not proven which components of the bacteria are responsible. We used a strain of Escherichia coli K12 which causes mannose-sensitive hemagglutination (HA) of guinea pig cells. Common pili were purified from these bacteria by shearing them from the bacteria ...
Chow S Y - - 1977
Uptake of radioiodide by the isolated thyroid and serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3) were determined in guinea pigs pretreated with ethacrynic acid (20 mg/kg), furosemide (40 mg/kg) or hydrochlorothiazide (40 mg/kg). It was found that both ethacrynic acid and furosemide suppressed the 131I uptake by the isolated ...
Cavender F L - - 1977
Ozone and the oxides of sulfur are common environmental pollutants. The acute pulmonary lesions caused by ozone and sulfuric acid mist in rats and guinea pigs have been characterized. Rats are not affected by sulfuric acid mist in concentrations up to 100 mg/m3 except for reduced body weight at the ...
Oulevey J - - 1977
A procedure for the quantative determination of glycosphingolipids is described, involving extraction of total lipids, fractionation on a column, acid cleavage and photometry of a complex formed between sphingosine and methyl orange. The level of glycosphingolipid sphigosine of erythrocyte membranes of a variety of mammals ranges from 59.1 (rat) to ...
Nouailhetas V L - - 1977
[Ile5]angiotensin II (angiotensin) derivatives bearing acetyl, propionyl, butyryl, pentanoyl or hexanoyl moieties at the N-terminal amino group were synthesized. The myotropic effects in vitro (on guinea-pig ileum and rat uterus) of desamino-angiotensin and of the above compounds did not correlate with their partition coefficients in butan-1-ol/acetic acid/water. The pressor effects ...
Shilotri P G - - 1977
It is well known that glycolytic and hexose monophosphate shunt activities of leukocytes increase during phagocytosis. The relevance of these metabolic changes to particle uptake and particle destruction is also well established. In the present study, these metabolic activities were studied to assess the phagocytic function of leukocytes isolated from ...
Mentz P - - 1977
Isolated perfused hearts of guinea-pig continuously release a prostaglandin-like substance into the effluent. Polyunsaturaed fatty acids, linoleic acid and arachidonic acid greater than linolenic acid, induced an increase in PG-efflux. Oleic acid was without effect. The results suggest that PG-formation is involved in the increase of contractile force and coronary ...
Cockerill A F - - 1977
6,15-Dioxo-PGF1alpha, 6,15-dioxo-13,14-dihydro-PGF1alpha and 15-oxo-thromboxane B2 have been identified in incubates of ram seminal vesicle homogenates with added arachidonic acid or in the perfusate from sensitised challenged guinea pig lungs. These compounds are probably related to 6-oxo-PGF1alpha and thromboxane B2. The structures have been determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry, following ...
Stockhorst E - - 1977
Phospholipids and proteins of guinea pig stria vascularis, spiral ligament and organ of Corti were radioactively labeled by perilymphatic perfusion with artificial perilymph containing [32P] orthophosphate or radioactive amino acids. Phospholipids were separated by thin-layer chromatography, proteins by disc gel electrophoresis and quantitated by liquid scintillation counting. The addition of ...
Lozano E A - - 1977
One hundred fifty-one isolates of Clostridium haemolyticum were examined for consistent toxin production following repeated serial transfers in laboratory media. Most of these isolates produced only small amounts of toxic materials and serial transfers appeared to reduce toxigenic characteristics. Eleven of the isolates consistenly produced measurable amounts of toxic materials. ...
Appleton R A - - 1977
A series of substituted chromone-2-carboxylic acids was synthesized and tested as antagonists of SRS-A induced contractions of isolated guinea pig ileum. This work led to the discovery of sodium 7-[3-(4-acetyl-3hydroxy-2-propylphenoxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy]-4-oxo-8-propyl-4H-1-benzopyran-2-carboxylate (FPL 55712) which is the first reported specific antagonist of SRS-A. Some structural requirements for biological activity within this series ...
Fox P F - - 1977
Sheep pepsin was isolated (approx. 120-fold purification) from aqueous abomasal homogenates by (1) pH fractionation, (2) chromatography on Sepharose 4B-poly-L-lysine columns and (3) gel filtration on Sephadex G-100. The enzyme had mol.wt. approx. 34000, N-terminal valine and C-terminal alanine. The amino acid composition of sheep pepsin was generally similar to ...
Zelazowski A J - - 1977
1. The effect of low-molecular-weight substances interfering with determination of metallothionein is eliminated by precipitation of 203Hg-thionein by tannic acid. 2. In animals not exposed to metals, the mean values for metallothionein content in liver and kidney are, respectively, 0.10 and 0.18 mg/g in rats, 0.06 and 0.07 in mice ...
Punto L - - 1977
The mucous membrane of the oesophagus of 6 pigs was experimentally damaged with hydrochloric acid to create changes similar to reflux oesophagitis. The passage of contrast medium through the oesophagus of the pigs was observed by using spot radiography and pressure measurements. Acid contrast medium caused spasms and nonperistaltic pressure ...
Jones D G - - 1977
Histamine and one of its major metabolites, imidazoleacetic acid, were selectively chemotactic for guinea pig eosinophils, whereas L-histidine, 1,4-methylimidazoleacetic acid, 1,4-methylhistamine and N-acetylhistamine were inactive. The response to histamine was unaffected by concentrations of eosinophils of between 30 and greater than 90% but it was abrogated by preincubation of the ...
Althoff J - - 1976
A new type of clostridium spore, derived from melanotic hamster tumors treated with pig skin extracts, was examined in a lyophylized form by electron microscopy (EM). Scanning EM indicated that two out of five preparations contained only spores. The spores exhibited oval forms (1.5 X 1.0 MU)with elongated, sometimes infolded, ...
Neiderhiser D H - - 1976
The absorption of [14C]linoleic acid and [14C]stearic acid in guinea pig bile by the in situ guinea pig gallbladder was compared. Linoleic acid was adsorbed at a faster rate than was stearic acid. Differences were also observed in the incorporation of these two fatty acids into complex lipids of the ...
Joutti A - - 1976
Lysobisphosphatidic acid known also as bis(monoacyl-glycerol)phosphate, was isolated from liver of rats treated with Triton WR1339, and from rabbit and pig lung. Alkaline hydrolysates of all these samples of lysobisphosphatidic acid were essentially similar and contained phosphorus, total glycerol, free glycerol, total glycerophosphates, beta-glycerophosphate, total alpha-glycerophosphates, sn-glycero-1-phosphate and sn-glycero-3-phosphate in ...
Hellgren L - - 1976
The predominant fatty acids (C10-C18) of dermatophytes were investigated by the Landsteiner-Draize test to establish their allergenicity. It was demonstrated that fatty acids can give rise to sensitization of delayed type in guinea pigs. The middle-chain fatty acids (C10-C12) showed a high allergenicity compared to the (C13-C18) acids with moderate ...
Schluederberg A - - 1976
To determine whether rubella virion ribonucleic acid (RNA) becomes accessible to nuclease attack after immune lysis of the viral envelope, virions containing radioactively labeled RNA were examined in three ways with the following results. (i) Incubation of purified virus with heat-inactivated rubella convalescent human serum and guinea pig complement resulted ...
Pasqualini J R - - 1976
In vivo and in vitro transformation of labelled d-aldosterone (11beta, 21-dihydroxy-3,20-dioxo-4-pregnen-18-al) was studied in the foetal tissues and placenta of guinea pig (35-45 days of gestation). The principal metabolite found in all of these tissues was tetrahydroaldosterone (3alpha, 18,21-trihydroxy-20-oxo-5beta-pregnan-18-al). A large transformation into this metabolite was found in foetal liver ...
Dinh-Nguyên N - - 1976
Investigations on the antimycotic properties of perdeuteriated fatty acids were carried out on Microsporum cains infections in vivo. The study was performed on experimental microsporie in guinea pigs using four different methods, all based on the ability of M. canis to cause alopecia. Perdeuteriated n-hendecanoic acid showed in vivo a ...
Hamberg M - - 1976
Homogenates of tissues from the guinea pig were incubated at 37 degrees C for 30 min and the amounts of thromboxane B2 and 12L-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicostetraenoic acid (12ho-2-:4) formed from endogenous arachidonic acid were determined by multiple-ion analysis. Lung and spleen homogenates produced 7146 +/- 500 ng/g and 3046 +/- 542 ng/g, ...
Davis S R - - 1976
1. The incorporation of L-[U-14C]leucine, L[U-14C]histidine and L-[U-14C]phenylalanine into casein secreted during perfusion of isolated guinea-pig mammary glands was demonstrated. 2. The extent of incorporation of label into casein residues was consistent with their being derived from free amino acids of the perfusate plasma. 3. The mean transit time of ...
Calvin H I - - 1976
Cysteine-rich protamines (Arg = 47-61%, Cys = 8-16%) were isolated from the sperm of an individual guinea pig, human and rabbit and from pooled samples of mouse and rat sperm. Appreciable concentrations of histones were not found in the sperm nuclei of these species. In addition to the protamines, a ...
Alm P - - 1976
The effects of noradrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 5-hydroxyptophan (5-HTP), dopamine, L-DOPA and carbamylcholine on the secretion of amylase from guinea pig submandibular gland and pancreas were studied. Carbamylcholine stimulated both pancreatic and salivary gland amylase release, whereas the biogenic amines elicted amylase secretion only from the submandibular gland. L-DOPA and 5-HTP, ...
Barra D - - 1976
A method has been developed which allows isolation of 0.3--0.5 g of mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase in five days starting from 10 pig hearts; the method does not involve initial preparation of mitochondria. Mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase and the cytoplasmic aspartate aminotransferase may conveniently be recovered from side fractions. The product mitochondrial ...
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