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Hassan A S - - 1983
Treatment of neonatal guinea pigs with cholestyramine persistently increases the activity of hepatic cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CH-7 alpha), the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid biosynthesis. In this study, we examined whether CH-7 alpha activity could be persistently inhibited by manipulations (chenodeoxycholic acid feeding) during neonatal life. Male Hartley guinea pigs ...
Saad M H - - 1983
Immunological (ovalbumin) and non-immunological (calcium ionophore A23187) stimulation of guinea pig trachea induces a prolonged contraction that is enhanced by indomethacin (8.5 microM) and inhibited by nordihydroguaiaretic acid (50 microM) pretreatment of the tissue. The mediator released by the above stimuli was identified as leukotriene C4 by reverse-phase high performance ...
Pégorier J P - - 1983
In hepatocytes isolated from 48 h-old starved of suckling newborn pigs or from 15-day-old starved piglets, the rate of ketogenesis from oleate or from octanoate is very low. This is not due to an inappropriate fatty acid uptake by the isolated liver cells, but results from a limited capacity for ...
Ning A C - - 1983
Endometrium from guinea-pigs on Days 7 and 15 of the oestrous cycle (days of low and high endometrial prostaglandin F2 alpha production, respectively) was maintained in tissue culture for periods up to 24 h (uptake experiments) or 48 h (release experiments). Tritiated arachidonic acid (3H-AA) was incorporated into endometrial phospholipids ...
Castuma C E - - 1983
The effect of fat deprivation on microsomal membrane fluidity of guinea-pig livers and the kinetic cooperativity of UDP-glucuronyl transferase towards its natural substrate, the UDP-glucuronic acid, were studied. Fat deprivation in the diet of weanling guinea-pigs evoked a typical essential fatty-acid-deficient pattern in the composition of the microsomal membrane. The ...
Kasser T R - - 1983
Body composition, liver and adipose lipogenesis, and pancreatic insulin release were examined in intact and decapitated fetal pigs on d 110 of gestation. Decapitation was on d 45 of gestation. Decapitated fetuses deposited more body lipid and less body ash compared with intact fetuses. Body weight, water, dry matter and ...
Neurohr K J - - 1983
Guinea pig heart metabolism was studied in vivo by 13C NMR at 20.18 MHz. High-quality proton-decoupled 13C NMR spectra with excellent signal-to-noise ratios and resolution could be obtained in 6 min. Natural-abundance spectra showed resonances that could be assigned to fatty acids, but glycogen was not seen. During intravenous infusion ...
Hartung H P - - 1983
Guinea pig peritoneal macrophages were examined for their response to homologous anaphylatoxic peptide C3a of complement. C3a caused the release of considerable amounts of thromboxane A2 from macrophages maintained in serum-free culture for up to 12 hr. Preincubation of C3a with the Fab portion of a monoclonal anti-C3a IgG abrogated ...
Baird-Lambert J - - 1983
1. Despite widespread use of the writhing response to phenylbenzoquinone or acetic acid injection in mice as a screen for analgesic activity, possible mediators of this response remain unidentified. 2. In the present experiments both in vivo and in vitro techniques have been used in an attempt to identify these ...
Chinoy N J - - 1983
Histochemical localization of ascorbic acid was carried out in the testis, epididymis and vas deferens of rat, guinea pig, mouse and also human beings, using a modified technique (CHINOY and SANJEEVAN 1978). The staining pattern was same in all cases, wherein, the nuclei were stained more intensely as compared to ...
Husstedt W - - 1983
Pregnant guinea pigs were given intraamniotic injection of 14C-alpha-aminoisobutyric acid and 3H-inulin. Both substances were taken up by the fetus in different concentrations. High levels of alpha-amino-isobutyric acid were found in the placenta, liver, and serum. Inulin on the other hand, being a macro-molecule distributed by diffusion in the extracellular ...
Burkhardt U - - 1983
Cutaneous infection of guinea pigs with HSV1 was topically treated from 2 to 6 days post infection with 7 antiherpetic substances. Phosphonoformic acid and acyclovir were found to be highly effective; trifluorothymidine, thymine arabinoside, ethyldeoxyuridine, and adenine arabinoside monophosphate all had some therapeutic effect in decreasing order, whereas iododeoxyuridine was ...
Slapke J - - 1983
Lung strips and tracheal spirals from guinea pigs and rats were compared as test systems for lipoxygenase inhibitors. The contraction of the smooth muscle was induced by addition of arachidonic acid. Lung strips of guinea pigs proved to be the most suitable in vitro model. Under basal conditions half-maximal contraction ...
Seltzer J M - - 1982
The histamine content of commercial preparations of pokeweed mitogen was measured by amino acid analysis technique, automated fluorometry, and bioassay employing the guinea pig ileum. Ten samples from 5 companies were examined and found to contain between 0.026 micrograms and 167.5 micrograms of histamine per ml of solution. The protein ...
Cullen M J - - 1982
A band phagocytosis, following Z line and I band loss, is described in polymyositis, in epsilon amino caproic acid induced myopathy and in an experimental myositis of guinea pigs. It is far less prominent in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. This form of necrosis is always associated with lesions in the plasma ...
Sugiura T - - 1982
Significant proportions of the choline phosphoglycerides (CPG) were found to contain alkyl either-type moieties (e.g., 1-O-alkyl-2-acyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine) in both guinea pig peritoneal exudate polymorphonuclear leukocytes (16.4%) and macrophages (13.5%). High proportions of the ethanolamine phosphoglycerides (EPG) contained alkenyl either moieties in both cells (37.2 and 41.2%), while the proportions of the ...
Sirois P - - 1982
The activity of natural 5,6-Dihydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5,6-DiHETE; 2 isomers), 5S,15S-DiHETE, 8S,15S-DiHETE, 5S,12S-DiHETE, delta 6-trans-leukotriene B4, 12-epi-delta 6-trans-leukotriene B4, omega-hydroxy-leukotriene B4, omega-carboxy-leukotriene B4, 15S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15S-HETE), 12S-HETE, 5S-HETE and 12S-hydroxy-heptadecatrienoic acid was compared to LTB4 on the guinea-pig lung parenchymal strip and on the release of prostaglandins and thromboxanes by the ...
Tokumura A - - 1982
Various lysophosphatidic acids caused phasic contractions of longitudinal muscle from guinea-pig ileum, followed by rhythmical contractions of lower magnitude. Polyunsaturated lysophosphatidic acids were more potent than saturated lysophosphatidic acids. Among the lysophosphatidic acids tested, linolenoyl-lysophosphatidic acid was the most active, but its activity was about 3-5 times less than that ...
Reddy G S - - 1982
There is as yet no satisfactory experimental model for homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency. We produced homocysteinemia in pigs for up to 60 days by continuously infusing DL-homocysteine thiolactone and compared the changes in the plasma amino acids with the findings in 16 patients with homocystinuria. Vascular morphology was ...
Müller M J - - 1982
The effects of short-term starvation (up to 5 days) on hepatic ketone body production was investigated in the conscious unrestrained miniature pig in vivo. Starvation induced an increase in arterial free fatty acid concentration (0.2-0.7 mM) with a concomitant elevation in hepatic free fatty acid extraction [-1.4-5.7 mumol/kg. minute),r = ...
Kambara T - - 1982
For initial study to examine the chemical pathogenesis of rheumatoid and non-rheumatoid arthritis, the nature and inflammatory activities of 12 synovial fluids from rheumatoid arthritis and 10 from osteoarthritis were studied. Both rheumatoid and non-rheumatoid synovial fluids were found to have high protein concentration, acid and neutral protease activities. When ...
Usui Y - - 1982
Using a strain of group B Streptococci, characteristics of the streptococcal clumping factor was investigated. In contrast to that of Staphylococcus, the streptococcal clumping factor reacted with plasmas from guinea-pig and sheep although staphylococcal clumping factor did not react with them. In addition, streptococcal clumping factor was resistant to heat, ...
Murayama Y - - 1982
Whole cells of a clinical isolate (strain S-3) of the genus Capnocytophaga were divided into cell envelope (CE) and cytoplasm (CP) fractions by mechanical disintegration followed by differential centrifugation, and a part of the CE fraction was further fractionated by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) treatment into the peptidoglycan and SDS-supernatant ...
Tutwiler G F - - 1982
1. The potent, specific inhibitor of long-chain fatty acid oxidation, 2-tetradecylglycidic acid (McN-3802), at 10 microM totally abolished ketogenesis from endogenous substrates in the isolated perfused guinea pig liver. This effect was accompanied by a marked inhibition of gluconeogenesis from lactate plus pyruvate and by a shift toward a more ...
Baba A - - 1982
The stimulatory effect of cysteine sulfinic acid on cyclic AMP formation was examined in slices from three different regions of guinea pig brain. The inhibitory effect of taurine on the stimulated formation of cyclic AMP was also studied. Cysteine sulfinic acid (1--10 mM) greatly increased the cyclic AMP level in ...
Ford-Hutchinson A W - - 1982
1 When rat basophilic leukaemia (RBL-1) cells were incubated for 4 min, in the presence of arachidonic acid (AA) and calcium ionophore A23187, three isomers of leukotriene (LT) B4 and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) were generated. 2 The isomers of LTB4 separated by reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography (h.p.l.c.) were ...
Barker L A - - 1982
Dimaprit, a highly selective H2-agonist, caused a multiphasic contraction of guinea-pig ileal segments and ileal myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle preparations. The initial phase was characterized by a twitch which reached a maximum in 15 to 30 sec and was followed by a partial relaxation. The later phase was variable and consisted ...
Rothwell J E - - 1982
Human and guinea-pig placental activity was measured in tissue extracts and in medium in which tissue fragments have been incubated. Lipase activity was estimated from measured rates of release of 3H-labelled fatty acids from a 3H-labelled triacylglycerol substrate. Whole tissue lipase activity was 1.6 +/- 0.3 units/g (mean +/- SEM, ...
Dancis J - - 1982
1. The rate of metabolism of pipecolic acid, measured in liver and kidney, varied 1000 fold among 10 animal species. Degradation of L-pipecolic acid by kidney in rat and mouse was 0.11 and 0.31 pmoles/min/mg protein, respectively; in monkey and human. 3.0 and 6.5; in guinea-pig and rabbit 101 and ...
Morley J - - 1981
In order to study possible mediators of the vascular manifestations of passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA), several arachidonic acid metabolites were injected into guinea-pig skin. SRS-A, LTB4, LTC and LTD increased vascular permeability, responses to LTs being enhanced by PGE2. Mepyramine inhibited responses to histamine, but not those to SRS-A and ...
Cramer R - - 1981
Human eosinophils from subjects with or without myeloperoxidase (MPO) deficiency and guinea pig eosinophils are able to decarboxylate L-alanine in the presence of the cationic detergent cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) but not in the presence of the nonionic detergent Triton X-100. Instead, both normal human neutrophils and guinea pig neutrophils decarboxylate ...
Kawanishi T - - 1981
The amounts of nitrosamine formed by the interaction of several drugs and nitrite in rat and guinea pig stomachs were estimated. The nitrosamine formation from aminopyrine and nitrite was much more in guinea pig stomachs than in rat stomachs. It seemed that this result was due to the difference in ...
Thalmann R - - 1981
Levels of 19 free amino acids in cochlear endolymph and perilymph of scala vestibuli of the guinea pig were determined using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of the o-phthaldialdehyde-ethanethiol derivatives with fluorescence detection. Aspartate and glutamate were found to be significantly higher in endolymph than in perilymph, confirming ...
Fauvel J - - 1981
Several lipolytic enzymes from guinea-pig pancreas have been determined in a soluble extract and in a purified zymogen granule fractions. The positional specificity of phospholipolytic enzymes was detected using phospholipids bearing various radioactive labels. It is shown that guinea-pig pancreatic extracts are able to release both fatty acids from phosphatidylcholine, ...
Mazziotti A - - 1981
To clarify the physiopathologic mechanism leading to a marked increase in aromatic amino acids (AAA) in acute hepatic failure (AHF), we compared two experimental models of AHF. Ten pigs were submitted to one-stage hepatic devascularization (group A); in eight other pigs total hepatectomy was performed (group B). The animals were ...
Taverner M R - - 1981
1. Availability values for amino acids in nine cereal grains determined by faecal analyses with pigs and by the Silcock available lysine test (Roach et al. 1967) and an in vitro digestibility assay were compared with ileal availability values for the same grains determined with pigs by Taverner et al. ...
Kinoshita T - - 1981
The 5th component of complement (C5) was purified from guinea pig serum. The 6-step procedure, involving removal of C1 by precipitation at pH 7.5, mu = 0.04, 2.0 M ammonium sulfate precipitation, acid precipitation at pH 5.6 mu = 0.1, and successive chromatographies on Sephadex G-200, DEAE-cellulose, and hydroxylapatite columns, ...
Wustrow T - - 1981
Acute hepatic ischaemia was induced in pigs by means of a portacaval shunt with hepatic artery ligation after 24 hours. Despite significant elevation in blood ammonia, fatty acids, aspartate aminotransferase, cerebrospinal fluid glutamine and ammonia, and brain tissue glutamine, ammonia and tryptophan, the experimental animals remained awake and alert and ...
Do K Q - - 1981
The requirements of opiate receptors for electronic, steric, and hydrophobic properties of the amino acids in Pos. 4 and 5 of enkephalin-like peptides were studied. A series of [D-Ala2]-enkephalins containing carboranylalanine, adamantylalanine, t-butylglycine and p-nitrophenylalanine were synthesized and their pharmacological activities in the guinea pig ileum and their naloxone displacement ...
Heaslip R J - - 1981
DIPA [5,6-bis(dibenzyloxy)-1-oxo-2-propyl-2-indanpropionic acid] and MIPA (5-benzyloxy-1-oxo-2-butyl-2-indanpropionic acid) were evaluated for relaxant effects on the estrogenized isolated rat uterus. In a concentration-dependent and reversible manner DIPA (10(-5)-3x10(-4)M) inhibited uterine contractions induced by PGF2 alpha, KCl and BaCl2, and MIPA (10(-5)-3x10(-4)M) inhibited the oxytocic effects of PGF2 alpha, PGE2, acetylcholine and BaCl2. ...
Nanney L B - - 1981
The central purpose of the present investigation was the qualitatively and quantitatively analyze the glycosaminoglycans of guinea pig skin at 2 hr after a third-degree burn injury. The data obtained from uronic acid determinations, fractionation by column chromatography and cellulose acetate electrophoresis indicate no significant alterations in the glycosaminoglycans at ...
Palva T - - 1981
The bulla in guinea pigs was filled with 0.01%, 0.1%, and 0.5% vitamin A acid (retinoic acid) solution once or twice daily for an average of five days. Pure arachnoid oil was used as a control solution. The mucous membrane appeared normal in the ears receiving arachnoid oil or 0.01% ...
Scott I R - - 1981
The synthesis of urocanic acid by histidine ammonia-lyase in guinea-pig epidermis was investigated in various ways. 1. In epidermal homogenates the enzyme obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics and shows marked dependence of its activity of pH, such that below pH 6 it is inactive. 2. Part-thickness skin samples cultured with radioactive histidine ...
Hand J M - - 1981
Contractile responses to histamine were examined on left pulmonary arterial rings isolated from reserpine-pretreated guinea pigs. In the presence of mepyramine, contractile responses to histamine dihydrochloride and histamine diphosphate were preceded by concentration-dependent relaxant responses which were not blocked by metiamide. Hydrochloric acid also produced relaxation of the histamine- and ...
Leaver H A - - 1981
Prostaglandin precursor fatty acids, predominantly arachidonic acid, were found in the different lipid classes of guinea-pig uterus and plasma on Days 7 and 15 of the oestrous cycle. Of the total arachidonic acid in the uterus, 93% was esterified to uterine phospholipids, of which 80% was bound to phosphatidylcholine and ...
Elce J S - - 1981
Smooth-muscle actin was isolated from pig uterus and from pregnant-rat uterus. Methods involving acetone-dried powders were unsuccessful, and a column-chromatographic procedure was developed, with proteinase inhibitors and avoiding polymerization as a purification step. The yield of pure actin was 0.8--1.5 mg/g wet wt. of uterus, which should be compared with ...
Beaugard M E - - 1981
Chloramphenicol is not ototoxic if administered for systemic effect, but topical applications of it to the middle ear produce severe cochlear toxic effects. Ethacrynic acid potentiates the ototoxicity of aminoglycosides. Guinea pigs were administered chloramphenicol or kanamycin sulfate with ethacrynic acid to compare the ototoxicity of chloramphenicol and ethacrynic acid ...
Umemoto T - - 1981
A peptidoglycan layer of Treponema pallidum kazan was isolated by solubilization of whole cells with 1% warm sodium dodecyl sulfate and subsequent digestion of an insoluble residue with proteases. Electron microscopy revealed that the peptidoglycan was isolated as a single-layered sacculus of less than 5 nm in thickness, freed from ...
Dennis S C - - 1981
Development of an experimental preparation aided to investigate arrhythmogenic and antiarrhythmogenic factors influencing incidence of spontaneous and yet predictable ventricular arrhythmias is described. Using the isolated perfused guinea-pig heart and a system for quantitating rhythm disturbances based on computer-aided statistical analysis of beat-to-beat intervals, a number of factors influencing the ...
Sula L - - 1981
Guinea pigs, weighing 250-350 g, were infected with approximately 5,000 of live germs M- tuberculosis H 37 Rv grown 10 days in deep culture of liquid semisynthetic medium according to Sula. The infection was performed subcutaneously in inquinal region. For the therapy following phages were used: DS-6A, GR-21/T, My-327 injected ...
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