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Results 501 - 550 of 749
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Jain M K - - 1985
Binding of pig pancreatic phospholipase A2 to ternary codispersions of diacylphosphatidylcholine/lysophosphatidylcholine/fatty acid (100:22:22, mole ratio) is monitored by the increase in intrinsic fluorescence intensity of the single tryptophan residue. The fluorescence is quenched by the brominated fatty acid components in the ternary codispersions. The quenching efficiency is in the order: ...
Mori Y - - 1985
The metabolism of the oral anti-inflammatory agent suprofen (S), 2-4-(2-thienylcarbonyl)phenyl)propionic acid, has been studied in mice, rats, guinea pigs, dogs, monkeys, and human volunteers. The major metabolites of S in the serum, urine, and feces of these species were determined by GC/MS and HPLC techniques. The metabolic pathways of S ...
Haeckel R - - 1985
2-(3-Methyl-cinnamyl-hydrazono)-propionate (MCHP) is a new compound which effectively lowers the blood glucose level in guinea pigs. 0.04 mmol/l MCHP inhibited glucose formation from lactate, pyruvate and alanine, but not from dihydroxyacetone in the perfused guinea pig liver. In the presence of both hexanoic acid and alanine, 0.04 mmol/l MCHP did ...
Jarlstedt J - - 1985
The extracellular concentrations of endogenous amino acids were measured in vivo in the guinea pig cochlear nucleus during sound stimulation. The purpose was to explore whether certain amino acids might be employed as neurotransmitters by the auditory nerve. A dialysis sampling probe was used to collect a dialysate of the ...
Ray D E - - 1985
Tributyl S,S,S-phosphorotrithioate (DEF) produces profound hypothermia in rats, mice and guinea pigs by inhibition of thermogenesis. Its actions on heat conservation and motor control are, however, minimal. It is effective against both shivering and non-shivering thermogenesis and completely blocks the increase in body temperature evoked by anterior hypothalamic stimulation. A ...
Komune S - - 1985
The cochlear microphonics (CM), endocochlear potential (EP) and summating potential (SP) were simultaneously recorded for 60 min after injection of 30 mg/kg body weight of ethacrynic acid. The EP decreased parallel with the CM for about 20 min after injection, but they differed in the recovery stage. Even when the ...
Duée P H - - 1985
In hepatocytes isolated from 48-hour-old suckling pigs, the inhibition of endogenous fatty acid oxidation leads to a 30% inhibition of glucose production from lactate. Addition of oleate plus carnitine to hepatocytes from 48-hour-old fasting pigs increases by 30% the rate of gluconeogenesis from lactate. In hepatocytes isolated from fasting newborn ...
Satake N - - 1985
In guinea-pig aorta, the potentiating effect of dopamine on the response to arachidonic acid was examined. The potentiation by dopamine was completely abolished by nordihydroguaiaretic acid, but not by indomethacin, aspirin, corticosterone, haloperidol, SK & F 83566, propranolol, PGI2 or imidazole. Dopamine did not have any significant effect on the ...
de los Santos R - - 1985
The response of the injured lung to hyperoxia is uncertain. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of 100% oxygen exposure for 120-168 h in mechanically ventilated baboons with or without previous diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) induced by oleic acid. These two groups were compared with another group of ...
Svardal A M - - 1985
The conversion of cyclohexanecarboxylic acid to hippuric acid in subcellular fractions from guinea pig liver was studied using a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method employing selected ion monitoring. Comparison of the activities of the cyclohexanecarboxylic acid to hippuric acid converting system (CHC-system) and marker enzymes in the various subcellular fractions showed ...
Neurohr K J - - 1985
Myocardial metabolism in live guinea pigs was investigated by 13C and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) at 20.18 and 32.5 MHz, respectively. 13C NMR studies allowed monitoring of myocardial glycogen synthesis during intravenous infusion of D-[1-13C]glucose and insulin. Anoxia resulted in degradation of the labeled glycogen within 6 min and ...
Ning A C - - 1984
The amounts of phospholipids in the guinea-pig endometrium were phosphatidylcholine (PC) greater than phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) = sphingomyelin (Sph.) greater than phosphatidylserine (PS) + phosphatidylinositol (PI). There were no significant differences in the amounts of any of these phospholipids in endometrium between Days 7 and 15 of the cycle. The de ...
Chapkin R S - - 1984
The lack of any information as to the origin of epidermal arachidonic acid, an important precursor of eicosanoids in the epidermis, prompted us to determine in vitro whether or not microsomal preparations from rat and guinea pig epidermis possess the delta 6 and delta 5 desaturase activities. The incubations were ...
Lahti A - - 1984
The suitability of the guinea pig for studies on nonimmunologic contact urticaria (NICU) was investigated. Groups of five, female Hartley guinea pigs were challenged by applying 50 microliters of various concentrations of human NICU agents, benzoic acid (BA), sorbic acid (SA), cinnamic acid (CA), cinnamaldehyde (CAL), methyl nicotinate (MN) and ...
Horrobin D F - - 1984
Essential fatty acids were estimated in plasma, red blood cells and liver total phospholipids in rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits and humans. There were large species differences, suggesting that different species levels should be borne in mind when choosing an animal for a particular study. The 2 species most ...
Manara L - - 1984
The mortalities of mice, rats and guinea-pigs given a single lethal dose of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) were substantially reduced by feeding them with chows containing 2.5 or 5% activated charcoal, which presumably enhances elimination of the toxic agent from the organism. Chows with 0.25 or 0.5% cholic acid and dehydrocholic acid ...
Lokesh B R - - 1984
Feeding rats and guinea pigs on a diet containing 5% menhaden oil altered the fatty acid composition of lung microsomes. The lung microsomal phospholipids contained increased amounts of n-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic (20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (20:6), following the ingestion of menhaden oil. There was a concomitant decrease in arachidonic ...
Yamamoto S - - 1984
The 5-lipoxygenases of guinea pig peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes and of rat basophilic leukemia cells have been solubilized, purified partially by affinity chromatography, and shown to convert arachidonic acid principally to 5-hydroperoxy-6,8,11,14- eicosatetraenoic acid. The activity of both 5-lipoxygenases is calcium dependent and enhanced by adenosine triphosphate and other nucleotides in ...
Ward B - - 1984
Improved methods of autoradiography and lipid extraction have been used to study the influence of hypoxia on the fate of radioactive fatty acids in the isolated guinea pig heart. Evidence is provided that hypoxia causes a shift of the rate-limiting step from transport into the cell to oxidation in the ...
Tsukatani H - - 1984
Non-competitive antispasmodic effects of 8 kinds of synthetic L-alpha-lysolecithins (1-O-acyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, LPC) with various fatty acid moieties were examined upon the spasmodic actions of histamine and acetylcholine on guinea pig ileum. Five-min pretreatment of the gut with the synthetic LPC was required to be effective. With increase of the concentration of ...
Lindenmeyer M - - 1984
The hypothesis that the antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone slows down the heart rate by its inhibitory action on the intracellular conversion of thyroxine (T4) to 3,5,3' triiodothyronine (T3) was investigated. For this purpose we compared the effect of amiodarone with that of another potent inhibitor of the T4----T3 conversion, i.e. the ...
Miyamoto I - - 1984
Hyaluronic acid was purified from the horny layer of guinea pigs and its biochemical and physical properties were studied. The horny layer, obtained by applying n-hexadecane to guinea pig skin, was digested with pronase, and glycosaminoglycans in the digest were separated from UV-absorbing material by Sephadex G-75 chromatography (sample A, ...
Pedersen K B - - 1984
The pathogenesis of atrophic rhinitis was studied in an experiment in which piglets were infected with a toxigenic type D Pasteurella multocida strain in the right half of the nasal cavity. Two days before inoculation the nasal mucosa on the right side had been subjected to mild irritation by intranasal ...
Deeks T - - 1984
Three analogues of leucine enkephalin, in which the terminal tyrosine-1 residue has been replaced by conformationally restrained aromatic amino acids, have been synthesized by classical solution methods. Their opiate agonist potencies on electrically stimulated guinea pig ileum and mouse vas deferens preparations were determined and compared with morphine, Met enkephalin, ...
Munck B G - - 1984
Interactions between cationic and neutral amino acids in transport across the brush-border membrane, Jmc, of the small intestine have been examined using preparations from the distal rabbit ileum and the rat and guinea-pig mid-small intestine. (1) In the guinea pig, the dependence of Jmc Lys on the concentration of lysine ...
Harden K K - - 1984
Effects of 1% dietary orotic acid on lipid metabolism were examined in rats, mice, hamsters and guinea pigs. The influences of diet composition, age and sex on alterations induced by orotic acid were also studied. Hypocholesteremia and hepatic steatosis developed in rats fed orotic acid. These responses were little affected ...
Mori Y - - 1984
Painting of tributyl-tin oxide on the skin induced a secondary Fanconi syndrome in guinea pigs. In the urine of these animals, excretion of sodium, chloride, phosphate, glucose and many kinds of amino acids increased and reached a maximum between day 40 and 50. In sera, the concentrations of phosphate and ...
Antonelli T - - 1984
Pyroglutamic acid (1-PCA), a cyclic derivative of glutamic acid, was administered i.p. (7.7 mmol/kg) or intracerebroventricularly (25 - 50 mumol) to freely moving guinea-pigs, provided with semi-permanently implanted epidural cups. The effect of this compound on cortical Acetylcholine (ACh) and GABA outflow, as well as on gross behaviour and electrocorticogram ...
Tappy L - - 1984
The influence of hypoxia and acidosis on the release of vascular plasminogen activator was studied in the isolated perfused pig ear. Perfusion with deoxygenated or acid solutions led to significant increases in plasminogen activator release (p less than 0.001); acid solutions of pH 6.7 were more effective than those of ...
Lanthorn T H - - 1984
The acidic amino acid antagonist D,L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (DL-APB) is a potent blocker of synaptic transmission at guinea pig but not rat mossy fiber-CA3 synapses in hippocampal slices. The L-isomer of APB is responsible for the potent inhibition at the guinea pig synapse. The L-APB analogue L-serine-O-phosphate (L-SOP) also is more potent ...
Capasso F - - 1984
The effect of ricinoleic acid on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-evoked contractions was studied on guinea-pig isolated ileum. Addition of ricinoleic acid (10 micrograms ml-1) to the organ bath increased the amplitude of the PGE2-evoked responses. Ricinoleic acid (10 micrograms ml-1) also sensitized the guinea-pig isolated ileum to acetylcholine and histamine. The ...
Triepel J - - 1984
Several reports (cf. Weber et al. (1981) Science 214:1248-1251) have described the extensive occurrence, in rat brain, of material immunologically related to the molluscan neuropeptide FMRFamide. We have reexamined these data in guinea pig and rat, using six different antisera to FMRFamide. Immunoreactive perikarya and fibres were found to be ...
Waegemaekers T H - - 1984
In samples of commercial acrylic acid a strongly contact sensitizing constituent was discovered by application of Freund's Complete Adjuvant Test in guinea pigs. The skin reactions were due to the presence of varying quantities of alpha,beta- diacryloxypropionic acid (DAPA), which was identified after methylation. The commercial product is an example ...
Kloster G - - 1984
Long-chain omega-halofatty acids, especially omega-123I-iodoheptadecanoic acid (IHA), are widely used clinically as radiopharmaceuticals for functional heart imaging. The metabolic interpretation of the various elimination rates, however, remains in dispute. It has been previously shown (Kloster and Stöcklin 1982) that in isolated perfused guinea-pig hearts halide diffusion from the mitochondrion to ...
Kownatzki E - - 1983
Chemotactic activity was generated in normal guinea pig serum following titration of the pH to 4 by the addition of hydrochloric acid. The process was time and temperature dependent. The chemotactic material was stable when kept at pH 4, but decayed within one or two days when the pH was ...
Folkerts G - - 1983
Administration to guinea-pigs of 15-hydroperoxy-arachidonic acid (0.2 mg kg-1 i.p.) caused a 20% reduction of lung beta-adrenoceptor number. Furthermore, in vivo, a hyperreactivity of the airways to nebulized histamine was observed. In contrast, administration of 15-hydroxy-arachidonic acid (0.2 mg kg-1 i.p.) did not cause a significant change in either of ...
Deaciuc I V - - 1983
A new hypoglycemic agent, 2-(3-methylcinnamylhydrazono)-propionate MCHP (BM 42.304) was shown to be an inhibitor of the transfer of long-chain fatty acids across the mitochondrial inner membrane. The following data support this conclusion: the drug, at already 5 microM, inhibited ketogenesis from oleate but not from octanoate in the perfused guinea-pig ...
Morishita H - - 1983
Electrical stimulation produced a contraction in the isolated guinea-pig vas deferens. This response was blocked by tetrodotoxin, guanethidine and bretylium but not by atropine. The magnitude of the contractile response to electrical stimulation depended on the concentration of the external calcium. Sulfur-containing amino acids and GABA inhibited the electrically induced ...
Tilley J W - - 1983
Members of a series of basic amide and ester derivatives of 2-substituted pyrido[2,1-b]quinazoline-8-carboxylic acids were prepared and evaluated for their ability to prevent slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) induced contractions of guinea pig ilea. The results indicate that the presence of a branched-chain alkyl group in the 2-position and a ...
Rothberg K G - - 1983
Endogenous levels of ascorbic acid may play a role in regulating the biosynthesis of cyclooxygenase metabolites in lungs of male guinea pigs. The in vitro biosyntheses of prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane were examined using isolated microsomal membranes from control and ascorbic acid deficient guinea pigs, under conditions in which the ...
Gourdeau H - - 1983
Physicochemical and immunological procedures were developed for the purification of guinea-pig alpha 1-fetoprotein (AFP). A double-antibody radioimmunoassay was developed which can detect 0.1 ng of AFP. The E1%278 nm of guinea-pig AFP is 6.6. Its molecular weight is 73 000. Its amino acid composition is similar to other AFP's, but ...
Van Praag D - - 1983
Production of radiolabeled arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites by microsomal fractions obtained from rabbit renal papillae and cortices was investigated. It was determined that in addition to the cyclooxygenase products synthesized, the papillary fractions and the cortical fractions each produced 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE), 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) and three leukotrienes (LT). The ...
Nakatsu K - - 1983
The metabolism of styrene oxide has been studied in the rat and guinea pig, with emphasis upon bivalent sulfur metabolites. Methylthio analogs of phenylethylene glycol, with the methylthio group in both possible positions, were found as urinary metabolites in both species. These compounds were present in more than trace amounts. ...
Drescher M J - - 1983
Perilymph, which bathes the sensory cells of the cochlea, was collected from guinea pigs exposed to noise and analyzed via two cation-exchange HPLC procedures with fluorescence detection, resolving 51 and 81 primary-amine compounds, respectively, at a sensitivity limit of 0.1 pmol relative to leucine. During a first period, each animal ...
Im M J - - 1983
Incised wounds were made on the backs of young guinea pigs at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 10 day intervals. Hemoglobin-hydrolizing acid proteinase activity was measured fluorometrically under optimal assay conditions by means of microanalytical methods. Acid proteinase activity was increased two to three times normal during epithelial migration ...
Thomas M - - 1983
Threonic acid is a major breakdown product of ascorbic acid used as a food additive. When administered orally to guinea-pigs (100 mg/kg body weight) for periods of 4 or 28 days, it produced a significant fall in the ascorbic acid concentration of certain organs but was without effect on other ...
Muccitelli R M - - 1983
Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) administered intravenously to anesthetized, spontaneously breathing guinea pigs elicited decreases in dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) and airway conductance (GAW) with a maximal response achieved at 0.5 min. Simultaneously, plasma levels of the thromboxane metabolite, TxB2, and the prostacyclin metabolite, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, increased 10-fold over pre-LTD4 levels. Pretreatment ...
Dahl A R - - 1983
The clearance of sulfuric acid-introduced 35S from the upper and lower respiratory tracts of rats, guinea pigs and dogs was measured. Sulfuric acid was administered by instillation and by inhalation for each species. Clearance into the blood and gastrointestinal tract was measured along with determination of 35S remaining at the ...
Tachibana M - - 1983
The perilymphatic space of the guinea pig was perfused in situ with artificial perilymph containing [32P] orthophosphate and 3H-glycerol while cochlear microphonic potentials (CM) were monitored. The perfusion of 10 mM gentamicin suppressed CM by 62% within 30 min. 32P-incorporation into phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate in the organ of Corti was decreased ...
Zakim D - - 1983
2,3-Butanedione inactivates the pure form of UDP-glucuronyltransferase used in these experiments (GT2P) (EC 2.4.1.17) purified from pig liver microsomes. The kinetics of the reaction indicates that 2,3-butanedione reacts with two amino acids that affect activity. A rapid, partial inactivation is followed by a slower rate of inactivation that leads eventually ...
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