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Miyazaki M - - 1989
Recent developments in three categories of shock research are discussed. Organ perfusion and humoral pathophysiological responses were investigated first, since the cause of fatal shock is always ischemia, tissue hypoxia and resulting cell damage with abolishment of mitochrondrial function. Both centrally and peripherally administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) had vasopressor effects ...
Michna H - - 1989
Ultrastructural observations of fibroblasts from 6-week-old mouse tendons were carried out at different times after treatment with an anabolic steroid. The characteristic response of the fibroblasts involves the appearance of great numbers of intracellular lysosomes and the emergence of matrix vesicles, some of which could be identified ultrastructurally by their ...
Lee F T - - 1988
Long-chain fatty acid esters of 17 beta-estradiol and other steroid hormones, which are formed in hormone-sensitive tissues, can be regenerated to the free hormone by the action of an esterase present in the cytosol. This esterase has now been examined in bovine placenta cotyledons. Activity towards steroid fatty acid esters ...
Wagner G F - - 1988
This is a comparative study of the glycoprotein hormone, teleocalcin, from the corpuscles of Stannius of sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and coho (O. kisutch) salmon. Coho teleocalcin was purified by the same procedures used previously to obtain sockeye teleocalcin and was obtained in a comparable yield. Both salmon teleocalcins had the ...
Burns H J - - 1988
The existence of a co-ordinated response to stress of a variety of causes has clearly been established. Basically, this consists of an elevation in energy expenditure and an increased breakdown of skeletal muscle protein. In addition, glucose level in the plasma increases as a result of increased synthesis and decreased ...
Rouille Y - - 1988
The neurohypophyseal hormones of the hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) and collared peccary (Tayassu angulatus) were isolated by molecular sieving and preparative high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Oxytocin and arginine vasopressin have been identified by their amino acid compositions and their retention times in HPLC. Lysipressin (lysine vasopressin) was not detected in posterior ...
Dickey W - - 1988
A patient who died in asystole less than 18 h after ingestion of 'Clovercide Extra', a combination hormonal weedkiller containing ioxynil and 4-chloro-2-methyl phenoxypropionic acid, is described. Previous reports describe coma as an early event following ingestion of these herbicides. In contrast our patient, although showing other characteristic features, including ...
Tesoriere L - - 1988
This work shows that unsaturated fatty acids enhance the epinephrine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in bovine retina. The modulating effect on the epinephrine-stimulated formation of cyclic AMP seems to be linked to the degree of unsaturation of the fatty acid. Treatment of the intact retina with docosahexaenoic acid in the concentration ...
Fong Y - - 1988
To evaluate the effects of substrate and hormonal background on the peripheral response to methionyl human growth hormone (met-hGH), metabolic measurements were performed in 10 normal subjects before and at the end of a 6-hr infusion of met-hGH. Five subjects were studied in the postabsorptive state and five were studied ...
Hunter S J - - 1988
The effects of acetazolamide, calcitonin (CT), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) on acid production in isolated osteoclasts has been investigated. Osteoclasts were isolated from the endosteum of 3-week chick tibias and were maintained under culture conditions for 5 days. The cells were treated with acetazolamide (10 x 4 M and 10(-7) ...
Oscarsson J - - 1988
The effects of continuous and intermittent administration of human growth hormone (hGH) in the regulation of plasma phosphatidylcholine fatty acid composition was studied in adult hypophysectomized male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Human GH was given for 7 days, either continuously by means of Alzet osmotic minipumps implanted s.c. or intermittently ...
Brown J C - - 1988
A physiological role for GIP as an insulinotropic hormone involved in the enteroinsular axis has been established and ingestion of glucose, fatty acids and certain amino acids will produce an increase in circulating IR-GIP levels. The insulinotropic action of GIP is glucose concentration dependent in normal animals. A role for ...
Kobata A - - 1988
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), human luteinizing hormone, human thyroid-stimulating hormone, and human follicle-stimulating hormone are closely related family of proteins which share a common alpha-subunit. However, their sugar moieties are quite different. hCG contains five acidic asparagine-linked sugar chains. These five sugar chains are derived by sialylation from three neutral ...
Wagner G F - - 1988
This report describes the characterization of an antiserum to salmon teleocalcin, a glycoprotein hormone that has recently been isolated from sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, corpuscles of Stannius (CS). Immunodiffusion studies showed that teleocalcin was immunologically identical in four species of Pacific salmon. Histological staining of adjacent sections of sockeye salmon ...
Condra C L - - 1988
This study examines the clearance and early hydrolysis of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in vivo. Radiolabeled ANF was cleared from the circulation of the rat with biphasic kinetics; the majority (90%) of ANF cleared with a t1/2 of 15 s, the remaining peptide was cleared with a t1/2 of 5 ...
Pope T S - - 1988
We previously reported that administration of dexamethasone to the pregnant dam increased the activity of fatty-acid synthase (EC 2.3.1.85) in fetal rat lung and that this effect was reduced when triiodothyronine (T3) was also administered. To determine whether the hormones act directly on the lung, we examined their effects in ...
Jaffe H - - 1988
Two neuropeptides (DCCI and DCCII) in the adipokinetic/red pigment concentrating hormone-family have been isolated and purified from the corpora cardiaca of horseflies (Diptera : Tabanidae). Both peptides were purified by a sequence of three reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatographic steps. Amino acid analysis of the purified peptides indicated the following ...
Watkins W B - - 1988
Portions of sheep anterior pituitary lobe tissue were extracted under acid conditions and assayed for the two neurophysins (oN-III and oN-I/II) by radioimmunoassay. In all tissues examined, oN-III and oN-I/II immunoreactivities were detected. Using a combination of isoelectric focusing and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the neurophysins of the anterior pituitary gland ...
Sirois P - - 1988
Immunoreactive atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) was detected in human fetal homogenates and perfusates using a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay for the 28 amino acid (C-terminal) fragment. Three peaks of ANF immunoreactive material were found in the lung homogenates. With high performance liquid chromatography, the elution characteristics of the first immunoreactive ...
Green E D - - 1988
We have elucidated the structures of the anionic asparagine-linked oligosaccharides present on the glycoprotein hormones lutropin (luteinizing hormone), follitropin (follicle-stimulating hormone), and thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone). Purified hormones, isolated from bovine, ovine, and human pituitaries, were digested with N-glycanase, and the released oligosaccharides were reduced with NaB[3H]4. The 3H-labeled oligosaccharides from ...
Castellino P - - 1988
The effect of amino acid infusion on renal hemodynamics was examined in 13 healthy subjects. Seven subjects participated in the first experimental protocol: study 1 - amino acids were infused for 3 h to increase plasma amino acid levels 2- to 3-fold above baseline; study 2 - amino acids were ...
Church D L - - 1988
Mechanically isolated mesophyll cells of Zinnia elegans L. cv Envy differentiate to tracheary elements when cultured in inductive medium containing sufficient auxin and cytokinin. Tracheary element differentiation was induced by the three auxins (alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid, indole-3-acetic acid, and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and four cytokinins (6-benzyladenine, kinetin, 2-isopentenyladenine and zeatin) tested. Tracheary ...
Coniglio J G - - 1988
Effect of hypophysectomy on fatty acid elongation was investigated in isolated rat testicular microsomes incubated with [14C]malonyl CoA. Hypophystectomy resulted in a 40% decrease in total incorporation of 14C into fatty acids of microsomes. Several 18- and 20-carbon fatty acids of testicular microsomes from hypophysectomized rats had less 14C than ...
Darvas Z - - 1988
Regeneration of cilia of deciliated Tetrahymena was modified by hormones added to the nutrient medium; it was enhanced by serotonin (an amino-acid type substance), insulin (a polypeptide-type hormone) and prednisolone (a steroid-type hormone). Diiodotyrosine, another amino-acid type hormone, did not influence regeneration. Prednisolone, a hormone morphogenetic in mammals appeared to ...
Huberman A - - 1988
1. The hyperglycemic activity of a crude extract of Procambarus bouvieri (Ortmann) sinus glands was resolved into two UV-absorbing peaks by means of a single step of reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) on a mu-Bondapak-Phenyl column. These peaks have been designated Crustacean Hyperglycemic Hormones CHH-B and CHH-C in the ...
Bullion K - - 1988
The initial velocity kinetics of the effect of thyroid hormone and analogs on human placental microsomal aromatase were studied. Thyroxine and its propionic analog 3,5,3',5'-tetraiodothyropropionic acid show a competitive inhibition with an apparent Ki of 1.4 microM and 8.5 microM, respectively, towards androstenedione aromatization. 3,5,3'-Triiodothyronine with a Ki of 1.8 ...
Sawadogo L - - 1988
Pectins from apple, citrus and sugar beet injected intravenously to ewes markedly stimulated blood prolactin, growth hormone (GH) and cortisol. Pectic acid and polygalacturonic acid exhibited the same property. A preparation of oligogalacturonic acid with a polymerisation degree of 12 to 13 was also active, whereas oligomers with a smaller ...
Cody V - - 1988
The crystal and molecular structures of 3,5,3'-triiodothyropropionic acid (T3P), determined as an N-diethanolamine salt, were carried out and the results are compared with those of other thyroid hormone structures. These data show that T3P has an unusual conformation with the diphenyl ether bridge outside the range normally observed for other ...
Sato K - - 1987
Fifty-four analogs of human growth hormone-releasing factor (hGRF) substituted with a single D-amino acid were synthesized by solid phase methodology. Their capacity to release growth hormone was tested on rat anterior pituitary cells in monolayer culture. Among the series of 28 analogs, which had the amino acid at each position ...
Whisenton L R - - 1987
An in vitro method for investigating 20-hydroxyecdysone regulation of the corpora allata (CA) has been used to assess the kinetics of stimulation of precommitment day 3 fifth (V) larval instar Manduca sexta CA by 20-hydroxyecdysone. The synthesis of juvenile hormone (JH) I and III acids by 20-hydroxyecdysone-stimulated CA incubated as ...
Proux J P - - 1987
We have identified two neuropeptides (F1 and F2) from suboesophageal and thoracic ganglia of Locusta migratoria, which we isolated earlier based on their immunological similarity to arginine vasopressin. The more abundant and hydrophilic factor, F1, has sequence Cys-Leu-Ile-Thr-Asn-Cys-Pro-Arg-Gly-NH2, but its biological role is unknown. The less abundant factor, F2, is ...
Keel B A - - 1987
Chromatofocusing was utilized to separate the isohormones of ovine follicle-stimulating hormone (oFSH) in pituitary extracts from rams, wethers, and wethers receiving Silastic implants of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), 17 beta-estradiol (E2), or both DHT and E2. Pituitary extracts were prepared by homogenization and centrifugation at 100,000 x g. Extracts of ram pituitaries ...
Han S Y - - 1987
New side chain-modified iodothyronines have been synthesized. They include: 1-[4-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-1,2-ethanediol (T2EG); alpha-hydroxy-4-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)-3,5-diiodobenzeneacetic acid (T2HAA) and their 4-methyl ether derivatives (MT2EG, MT2HAA); 1-[4-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-2-aminoethanol (T2EA); 1-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodophenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-1,2-ethaned iol (T3EG); 1-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodophenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-2-aminoetha nol (T3EA); and alpha-hydroxy-4-(3-iodo-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-3,5-diiodobenzeneacet ic acid (T3HAA). These model compounds are being used to study thyroid hormone metabolism and to determine structure-activity relationships ...
Castellino P - - 1987
Our results as well as those in the literature suggest that some hormone or combination of hormones, that are inhibited by somatostatin, is responsible for the hyperfiltration response following amino acid infusion/protein ingestion. Recently, we have infused amino acids with somatostatin and replaced the stimulated levels of insulin/glucagon/growth hormone observed ...
Chauvet J - - 1987
Neurohypophyseal hormones of two species belonging to the family Dasyuridae, namely Dasyurus viverrinus (Eastern native cat) and Dasyuroides byrnei (Kowari), and of the single living member of the family Phascolarctidae, Phascolarctos cinereus (Koala) have been isolated and characterized by their retention times in high-pressure reverse-phase partition chromatography and either amino ...
Richards G E - - 1987
To investigate the neurochemical mechanism of the response of growth hormone to 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), we administered 5-HTP (20 mg/kg) to 10 ovine fetuses (110 or 130 days old; term gestation 147 days). Ninety minutes after 5-HTP administration, and following increases in plasma growth hormone concentrations, the fetus was delivered by ...
Saito Y - - 1987
Direct expression of a growth-promoting peptide hormone, somatomedin C/insulin-like growth factor I, which is quite difficult due to the instability of somatomedin C itself in Escherichia coli, has been achieved by the use of a two-cistron system. Assuming that basic somatomedin C might be stabilized by forming a complex with ...
Hedner T - - 1987
Isolation, purification and determination of the amino acid sequences of biologically active peptides were performed in 1983-84 by several groups. By that time the existence of such a humoral diuretic/natriuretic factor had been proposed for many years. The main, and perhaps the only, circulating form of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) ...
Bergström M - - 1987
Four patients with hormonally inactive pituitary adenomas were examined with positron emission tomography (PET) after injection, during different examinations, of L-[methyl-11C]methionine and D-[methyl-11C]methionine, respectively. After the rapid distribution phase, the enantiomer L-[11C]methionine, which is metabolically active, showed a considerable continuous irreversible trapping attributed to amino acid metabolism. The stereoisomer D-[11C]methionine, ...
Mandon E C - - 1987
The in vivo and in vitro effect of epinephrine on the incorporation and desaturation of [1-14C]eicosa-8,11,14-trienoic acid was studied in isolated adrenocortical cells of rats. Control cells incubated at different substrate concentrations and for different periods of time were able to incorporate eicosatrienoic acid and to desaturate it to arachidonic ...
Pope T S - - 1987
Although glucocorticoid and thyroid hormones are known to act synergistically to stimulate surfactant production, they have opposite effects on other parameters of fetal lung maturation. We recently reported that the developmental increases in de novo fatty acid synthesis and glycogen accumulation in fetal rat lung were accelerated by dexamethasone but ...
Li C H - - 1987
Prolactin was isolated from anterior lobes of elephant pituitary glands. It consisted of 199 amino acids with three disulfide bridges and two tryptophan residues as found in prolactin from other species. The sequence of the NH2-terminal 28 amino acids was determined and shown homologous with the ovine hormone. In comparison ...
Kiesel L - - 1987
Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone secretion was stimulated by 4 min pulses of arachidonic acid (3 X 10(-5) to 10(-4)M) in superfused rat pituitary cells. The effect of its lipoxygenase metabolites, 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetranoic acid (5-HETE) and 15-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetranoic acid (15-HETE) was more potent on hormone release when added in the same ...
Flouret G - - 1987
Less than Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-Gly-Leu-Arg-Pro-Gly-NH2, the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone, LHRH, is degraded in renal proximal tubules (PT) in vivo (rat) and in vitro (rabbit) to less than Glu-His (2), less than Glu-His-Trp (3), and less than Glu-His-Trp-Ser (4). LHRH may be cleaved by endopeptidases simultaneously at multiple bonds, or initially at Ser4-Tyr5 ...
Feyereisen R - - 1987
The biosynthesis of the sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone III (JH III) was studied using corpora allata of the cockroach Diploptera punctata incubated in vitro and a radiochemical assay for the hormone produced. The influence of several exogenous precursors such as glucose, trehalose, acetate, amino acids, and mevalonate on JH synthetic rates ...
Nunez E A - - 1987
It is more and more clear from recent studies that both steroid and peptide (hormone and growth factor)-mediated pathways of mitogenesis are closely linked. These two pathways are intertwined into a highly regulated network. The two main points of connection are at the level of lipase and protease biosynthesis and ...
John T M - - 1987
1. Changes in blood levels of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), free fatty acids (FFA), glucose, pyruvic acid and lactic acid in the harp seal during moult, were studied. 2. Serum levels of both T4 and T3 showed significant increase in the moult phase from that in the pre-moult phase. While ...
Sato M - - 1987
A novel ninhydrin-positive compound, N-methyl-D-aspartic acid, was identified in the muscle extracts of the blood shell, Scapharca broughtonii. This compound is already known to have potent neuroexcitatory activity, inducing hypermotility and strong releasing action of serum luteinizing hormone in mammals. This may be, however, the first finding of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid ...
Thibault G - - 1987
Granules from rat atria were isolated by differential centrifugation and by a 53% (v/v) Percoll gradient after tissue homogenization in 0.25 M-sucrose/50 mM-Na2EDTA. About 40% of the immunoreactive ANF (atrial natriuretic factor) sedimented with the atrial granules during differential centrifugations. On the Percoll gradient, two distinct bands were observed. Cell ...
Singer M V - - 1987
In humans and many laboratory animals, protein digestion products such as peptides and amino acids and fat digestion products such as fatty acids and monoglycerides are potent intestinal stimulants of pancreatic enzyme secretion. The pancreatic enzyme response to these intestinal stimulants is related to the perfused load (amount per unit ...
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