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Results 351 - 400 of 716
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Fryburg D A - - 1991
The short-term effects of growth hormone (GH) on skeletal muscle protein synthesis and degradation in normal humans are unknown. We studied seven postabsorptive healthy men (age 18-23 yr) who received GH (0.014 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) via intrabrachial artery infusion for 6 h. The effects of GH on forearm amino acid and glucose ...
Emmison N - - 1991
Primary monolayer hepatocyte cultures derived from non-mated, pregnant and lactating sheep were used to investigate the interactions between the effects of growth hormone and insulin on (i) the partitioning of fatty acid metabolism between oxidation and esterification, and (ii) the rate of gluconeogenesis. In hepatocytes from lactating sheep the rates ...
Poll D J DJ Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Massey University, Palmerston North, New - - 1991
Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography of proteins, traditionally carried out with strong acids like trifluoroacetic acid or phosphoric acid, which can damage reversed-phase columns, can be performed with excellent results using the far milder formic acid in the presence of salt. For certain separations, dynamic coating of the column with crown ...
Bongers J - - 1991
Enzymatic semisyntheses of growth hormone releasing factor (GRF), a 44-residue peptide amide hormone, from C-terminal acid precursors, are compared. A recombinant alpha-amidating enzyme was used to convert the glycine-extended precursor, GRF(1-44)-Gly-OH, to GRF(1-44)-NH2 in an essentially quantitative fashion. Trypsin was used to convert the precursors, GRF(1-43)-OH and GRF(1-44)-OH, to GRF(1-44)-NH2 ...
Brock T G - - 1991
The role of auxin redistribution in the graviresponse of the leaf-sheath pulvinus of oat (Avena sativa L.) was assessed using 3H-indole-3-acetic acid (3H-IAA) preloaded into isolated pulvini. When pulvini were totally isolated from subtending nodal tissue as well as leaf-sheath and internode, gravistimulation failed to induce an asymmetric growth response. ...
el-Saadany S S - - 1991
Synthetic chocolate colourant, flavourant and the mixture of both were administered to healthy adult male albino rats to evaluate their effect on the nucleic acids metabolism, i.e. deoxyribonucleic and ribonucleic acids (DNA and RNA), total serum protein, thyroid hormones (T4 and T3) and nuclease enzymes, i.e. cytoplasmic- and mitochondrial deoxyribonuclease ...
Rudnicki M - - 1990
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino-acid peptide, was measured in the peripheral circulation and ileal lumen of conscious dogs using a sensitive radioimmunoassay. Fasting NPY concentrations averaged 448 +/- 15 pg/ml in the peripheral blood and 364 +/- 23 pg/ml in the ileal effluent. Following a mixed meal, circulating NPY levels ...
Zarandi M - - 1990
In the search for more active analogs of human growth hormone-releasing hormone (GH-RH), 37 new compounds were synthesized by solid phase methodology, purified, and tested biologically. Most of the analogs contained a sequence of 27 amino acids and N-terminal desaminotyrosine (Dat) and C-terminal agmatine (Agm), which are not amino acids. ...
Martin G - - 1990
Androgenic hormone (AH) was purified from hypertrophied androgenic glands of intersexed Armadillidium vulgare (genetic males feminized by symbiotic endocellular bacteria). Two isohormones labeled AH1 and AH2 with similar molecular weights in the range 17,000-18,000 were isolated. Amino acid analysis showed the absence of cysteine in these two forms. A polyclonal ...
Keel B A - - 1990
The naturally occurring acidic forms of ovine pituitary LH were examined by chromatofocusing. Immunoreactive oLH eluted as six variants (elutions pHs of greater than 7.4, 6.83, 6.59, 6.23, 5.5-4.0, and less than 4.0, designated as "basic forms" and variants II-VI, respectively). In rams, the percentage in each variant averaged 46, ...
Ferretti C - - 1990
The effect of two serotonin precursors, 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-OH-TRP) and indolepyruvic acid (IPA), a tryptophan ketoanalogue, on rat pineal indole metabolism during the light-dark cycle was investigated. 5-OH-TRP drastically increased the production of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid at a dose of only 10 mg/kg, whereas 50-100 mg/kg was needed to reach higher serotonin ...
Wadsworth H L - - 1990
Thyrotropin (TSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and chorionic gonadotropin (CG) are structurally related glycoprotein hormones, which bind to receptors that share a high degree of sequence similarity. However, comparison of the primary amino acid sequences of the TSH and LH-CG receptors reveals two unique insertions of 8 and 50 amino acids ...
Doi S - - 1990
Congenital defects in thyroglobulin (Tg) synthesis in animals have proven to be useful models for the study of Tg synthesis and regulation. Defects in Tg synthesis have been well described in Afrikander cattle, Australia Merino sheep, and goats in The Netherlands. This report describes a study of goiter in a ...
Key T J - - 1990
Total testosterone (T), total oestradiol (E2) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations were measured in plasma samples from fifty-one male vegans and fifty-seven omnivores of similar age. Free T concentration was estimated by calculation. In comparison with the omnivores, the vegans had 7% higher total T (P = 0.250), 23% ...
Luck D N - - 1990
We have previously described a method for producing recombinant methionyl bovine PRL (Met-bPRL), which is as bioactive as the authentic hormone in the Nb2 cell lactogen bioassay; in contrast, a Met-bPRL variant lacking tyrosine 28 was essentially devoid of bioactivity. In the present study we have investigated this loss of ...
Khan M S - - 1990
This article deals with the elucidation of the steroid-binding site of human sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). 17 beta-Bromoacetoxydihydrotesterone (BA-DHT) reacted with highly purified SHBG in a time-dependent and irreversible fashion. The interaction could be totally inhibited by the simultaneous addition of an excess of dihydrotesterone. At the completion of the ...
Campbell K L - - 1990
The effects of thyroid hormones on the serum and cutaneous fatty acid concentration profiles of dogs were evaluated. Thyroidectomized dogs had significant (P less than 0.05) increases in serum oleic acid and linoleic acid concentrations, and decreases in concentration of dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, and other elongation products of fatty ...
Xu Z X - - 1990
Fetal lung fatty-acid synthase and choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase activities are increased by glucocorticoids. There is evidence that the hormone increases synthesis of fatty-acid synthase but only increases the catalytic activity of the cytidylyltransferase. Free fatty acids and a number of phospholipids have been reported to stimulate cytidylyltransferase activity in several organs, ...
Sakbun V - - 1990
Human placental lactogen is one of the major hormones secreted by the placental syncytiotrophoblast and detected in the maternal circulation. Other sources of this hormone in intrauterine tissues at term have been sought by means of immunohistochemistry and northern analysis. Avidin-biotin immunoperoxidase staining with a specific polyclonal antibody to human ...
Warner B W - - 1990
Increased plasma levels of the catabolic hormones glucagon, epinephrine, and cortisol have been implicated in mediating various metabolic alterations in trauma and sepsis. Their role in altered protein turnover and amino acid transport in skeletal muscle during sepsis, however, is not known. In the current study, rats were infused with ...
Nickel B E - - 1990
Although there is evidence that human (h) placental GH variant (hGH-V) possesses a growth-promoting function, lactogenic activity by the hormone has not been demonstrated. Rat anterior pituitary tumor (GC) cells stably transfected with the hGH-V gene (GC [hGH-V] cells) synthesize and secrete hGH-V. This hormone shares considerable structural similarity with ...
Ng F M - - 1990
The effects of two preparations of highly purified human GH (hGH) on lipid metabolism were studied in the GH-deficient little mouse (50-60 days old). Marked decreases in incorporation of [14C]glucose into fatty acid and in the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the epididymal fat pads were observed after i.p. injection ...
Gonzales L W - - 1990
We examined the effects of glucocorticoids and thyroid hormone (T3) on fatty acid synthesis, fatty acid composition and fatty acid synthetase activity in explants of human fetal lung (16-23 wk gestation). Explants were cultured 1-7 days in the absence (control) or presence of dexamethasone (10 nM) and/or T3 (2 nM). ...
Toguchi H - - 1990
Leuprorelin acetate, a highly potent luteinizing hormone releasing hormone agonist, was originally launched in the USA to be administered once daily by self-injection for the treatment of metastatic prostatic cancer. A once-monthly intramuscularly or subcutaneously injectable depot form of leuprorelin acetate has, subsequently, been developed. Biodegradable copoly(DL-lactic acid/glycolic acid) was ...
Fülöp A K - - 1990
Insulin imprinting given to the unicellular Tetrahymena considerably increases the uptake and intracellular storage of amino acids even many generations after the actual contact with the hormone. On the other hand, both the first and the second contacts with insulin increase the rate of the excretion of the stored amino ...
Mocchegiani E - - 1990
Thymic hormones are required for maturation and maintenance of the immune efficiency. It has been previously demonstrated that with advancing age there occurs a progressive reduction of the plasma level of one of the best known thymic peptides, i.e. thymulin, and that the administration of an amino acid combination (lysine-arginine, ...
Shalaby A M - - 1990
The effect of the topical application of the synthetic juvenile hormone JH-I on adult specimens of Musca domestica vicina Macq was studied. The adult stage responded to different JH-I concentrations in different ways. The gonotrophic cycle was shortened, the number of eggs decreased and the hatching rate was reduced. The ...
Davis J A - - 1989
Mutant forms of mouse placental lactogen-II (PL-II) have been generated to assess the role of specific amino acid residues and protein regions in binding to the PRL receptor and in mitogenic activity. Conversion of any of three lactogen-specific residues significantly reduced both of these hormone functions; mutation of the two ...
Patterson C E - - 1989
Lung cellular metabolism is fundamental to both respiratory and nonrespiratory function. The lung has very little energy reserve and is highly dependent on circulating substrates. The pattern of substrate utilization is determined primarily substrate availability, competition between certain substrates, and the ability of lung cells for uptake and metabolism. The ...
Freake H C - - 1989
We have used the tritiated water method to quantitate the effects of thyroid hormone on lipogenesis in the rat and then determined the contribution of this process to thyroid hormone-induced thermogenesis. After thyroid hormone administration to hypothyroid animals, fatty acid synthesis rose after a lag time of 12-16 h and ...
Carlson H E - - 1989
The effects of several neurotransmitter amino acids on pituitary hormone secretion were examined in normal humans. Oral administration of 10 g of glutamic acid stimulated the secretion of prolactin (PRL) and cortisol to approximately twice baseline values, with no effect on GH, TSH or LH. Aspartic acid (10 g), taurine ...
Sakura N - - 1989
Application of N alpha,Nca-di-tert-butyloxycarbonylhomoglutamine to synthesis of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) analogs was examined. The delta-lactam formation from homoglutaminylpeptides took place more easily than gamma-lactam formation from glutaminylpeptides in water or dioxane containing acetic acid. [pHgu1,Nva2]-TRH had dose-dependent antagonistic activity against pentobarbital anesthesia in mice, but almost no binding activity to ...
Sherwood N M - - 1989
Two forms of immunoreactive gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) were detected in extracts of brain-pituitary tissue from the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus. Catfish I GnRH eluted first from reverse-phase HPLC and was present in larger amounts compared with catfish II GnRH. Chromatographic and immunological studies with four antisera provide evidence that catfish ...
Ries W L - - 1989
Recombinant human interleukin-2 (IL-2) was studied to determine effects on acid production by individual osteoclasts in situ on mouse calvarial bones. This analysis was performed using a microspectrofluorimetric technique to quantify acid production in individual cells. Radioactive calcium release was determined using calvarial bones in a standard tissue culture system. ...
Ohmiya Y - - 1989
We have characterized the thyroid iodoprotein of a hagfish, Eptatretus burgeri, one of the lowest marine vertebrates. The iodoprotein was not very homogeneous in its apparent molecular mass which decreased with the increase in hormone/iodotyrosine ratio. Four subfractions with an apparent molecular mass of about 400 kDa were purified from ...
O'Byrne E M - - 1989
Relaxin is structurally related to insulin, and it induces pregnancy-related changes in the reproductive tract of several mammalian species. Relaxin isolated from the ovaries of pregnant sows has been used for primary structure determination, for much of the biological characterization of the hormone, and for the development of RIAs. Immunoreactive ...
Gierse J K - - 1989
Atrial muscles of the heart are known to produce polypeptide hormones called atrial natriuretic factors (ANF) which have potent diuretic and hypotensive action. These hormones are synthesized as a larger protein precursor called pro atrial natriuretic factor or proANF which contains the biologically active ANF sequences at its C-terminus. Rat ...
Kuang Y L - - 1989
Carbon tetrachloride was used to induce cirrhosis in 81 Wistar rats. The animals were divided into three groups to receive end-to-side mesocaval shunt (MCS), end-to-side portacaval shunt (PCS) and Sham operation as control, respectively. Dynamic values of blood glucose and hormones for regulating glucose metabolism, SGPT, serum glycine conjugated cholic ...
Maeda H - - 1989
A series of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) analogs in which the pyroglutamic acid residue was replaced by (S)-2-oxoimidazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (Oic-OH) and the related derivatives was prepared, and the central nervous system (CNS) actions were examined. Of these, 1-benzyl-Oic-His-Pro-NH2 (2c) showed the most potent activities, which were 1.5-8 times greater than those ...
Luck D N - - 1989
A method has been developed for the extraction from transformed Escherichia coli cells of methionyl bovine PRL (met-bPRL) in a relatively pure form. While the extracted met-bPRL was as reactive as the native hormone with respect to polyclonal anti-bPRL antibodies, its bioactivity, as measured by the Nb2 lactogen in vitro ...
Sinadinović J - - 1989
In vitro lysosomal acid protease activity was studied in human papillary thyroid carcinoma (n = 13). As a control, morphologically normal thyroid tissue from the same patient was used in each individual case of carcinoma. Although a marked variation may be observed between individual cases, each examined papillary thyroid carcinoma ...
Tang J D - - 1989
Experiments were performed to characterize the action of a brain hormone on pheromone biosynthesis in female redbanded leafroller and cabbage looper moths. Results showed that the two species differed in their respective control mechanisms. In the cabbage looper, pheromone titer from decapitated females that received either saline or brain extract ...
Takeuchi Y - - 1989
We report a 9-year-old girl with cerebellar ataxia in whom the administration of thyrotropin-releasing hormone was effective in the treatment of a prolonged neurologic deficit. Ataxia persisted 18 months after its acute onset of unknown origin. Concentrations of homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid in the cerebrospinal fluid were measured repeatedly. ...
Abeles F B - - 1989
Ethylene enhanced chlorosis and levels of 33-kilodalton cationic peroxidase (33-CPO) in excised cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv ;Poinsett 76') cotyledons. Compared to other hormones, such as kinetin, indoleacetic acid, gibberellic acid, and abscisic acid, ethylene was the only effective promoter of 33-CPO synthesis. The hypothesis that peroxidase plays a role ...
Snyder G D - - 1989
Growth hormone secretion was stimulated in vitro by products of arachidonic acid epoxygenase, the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. 5,6-Epoxyeicosatrienoic and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid stimulated growth hormone release from an enriched population of somatotrophs (approximately 85%) by twofold. Inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism by indomethacin did not affect growth hormone-releasing hormone stimulation of growth ...
Rousset B B Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U197, Faculté de Médecine Alexis-Carrel, Lyon, - - 1989
Iodinated thyroglobulin stored in the thyroid follicular lumen is subjected to an internalization process and thought to be transferred into the lysosomal compartment for proteolytic cleavage and thyroid hormone release. In the present study, we have designed in vitro models to study: 1) the transfer of endocytosed thyroglobulin into lysosomes, ...
Cashman J R - - 1989
The effect of arachidonic acid and some of its metabolites have been examined in rat anterior pituitary cells for their ability to release growth hormone. The cytochrome P-450 metabolite, 5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid is a much more effective growth-hormone releasing agent than 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid methyl ester, 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid or arachidonic ...
Kovács P - - 1989
Insulin dimers deprived of biological activity by linking with suberic acid symmetrically in position B29 or B1 were not able to induce imprinting. Lack of N-terminal phenylalanine or even of five C-terminal amino acids did not interfere with imprinting, regardless of whether or not it was associated with an activity ...
Teplán I - - 1989
Gonadoliberin (gonadotropin releasing hormone, GnRH) plays a central role in the regulation of reproductive functions as it regulates the release of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). The isolation and structure determination of GnRH opened the possibility of its use for influencing reproductive processes. This possibility initiated ...
Miyazaki M - - 1989
Recent developments in three categories of shock research are discussed. Organ perfusion and humoral pathophysiological responses were investigated first, since the cause of fatal shock is always ischemia, tissue hypoxia and resulting cell damage with abolishment of mitochrondrial function. Both centrally and peripherally administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) had vasopressor effects ...
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