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Iwata Eri - - 2003
A major constituent of the characteristic "goaty odor" 4-ethyl octanoic acid (4EOA) was previously shown to have no primer pheromone activity. This was also confirmed by our own bioassay system utilizing the recording technique of neural activity of the hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone pulse generator in goats. However, when the synthetic ...
Liu Lixin - - 2003
Our laboratory has reported that somatotroph differentiation occurs between d 14 and d 16 of chicken embryonic development and that corticosterone (CORT) can induce somatotroph differentiation at an earlier age in vitro and in vivo. The objective of the present study was to test for thyroid hormone-CORT interactions on somatotroph ...
Uchida Keikichi - - 2003
Hemocoel infusion of an amino acid mixture at a concentration of 7.5% and 10% (wt:vol) for 24 h rarely activated ovarian development in either mated or unmated females of Anopheles stephensi Liston. Infusion of either concentration mixture for 48 h into unmated females was also scarcely stimulatory, but the same ...
Russo Sascha - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Several somatic illnesses are associated with psychiatric comorbidity. Evidence is provided that availability of the essential amino acid tryptophan, which is the precursor of serotonin, may cause this phenomenon. METHODS: We performed a database search to find relevant articles published between 1966 and 2002. For our search strategy, we ...
Kaiya Hiroyuki - - 2003
We have identified ghrelin and cDNA encoding precursor protein from the stomach of a euryhaline tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. The sequence of 20-amino acid tilapia ghrelin is GSSFLSPSQKPQNKVKSSRI. The third serine residue was modified by n-decanoic acid. The carboxyl-terminal end of the peptide possessed an amide structure. RT-PCR analysis revealed high ...
Monden Tsuyoshi - - 2003
Structure/function studies of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) beta(1) have demonstrated that single amino acid substitutions in either position 428 or 429 in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) can alter heterodimerizations and homodimerizations, respectively. A leucine at 428 is located in a highly conserved region corresponding to the putative ninth heptad ...
Peltola S - - 2003
Estradiol has been widely used for the treatment of hormonal insufficiencies. Due to its extensive first pass metabolism after oral administration, transdermal administration of estradiol in gels and emulsions has been used to improve its bioavailability, prolong activity and to optimize metabolic profile. The purpose of this study was to ...
Rugutt Kipngeno J - - 2003
Treatment of conditioned seeds of four isolates of Striga hermonthica and one isolate of Striga aspera with various concentrations of the ethylene precursor, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC), caused complex stimulation of germination patterns. GR 24, the strigol analogue served as a positive control and its stimulatory activity was comparable to that ...
Chan Christina - - 2003
Understanding the metabolic and regulatory pathways of hepatocytes is important for biotechnological applications involving liver cells. Previous attempts to culture hepatocytes in plasma yielded poor functional results. Recently we reported that hormone (insulin and hydrocortisone) and amino acid supplementation reduces intracellular lipid accumulation and restores liver-specific function in hepatocytes exposed ...
Lauchli Ryan - - 2003
The unassuming nature of plants belies their viciously effective defensive strategies in the face of herbivore attack. Under the direction of, among others, octadecanoid hormones, plants respond by producing phytoalexins, bitter and toxic alkaloids, protease inhibitors, and even volatile compounds that call predatory insects to the herbivores. A rational design ...
Tan Dun-Xian - - 2003
Melatonin, a derivative of an essential amino acid, tryptophan, was first identified in bovine pineal tissue and subsequently it has been portrayed exclusively as a hormone. Recently accumulated evidence has challenged this concept. Melatonin is present in the earliest life forms and is found in all organisms including bacteria, algae, ...
Dunham R A - - 2002
The effect of rainbow trout growth hormone complementary DNA on body shape, dress-out yield, and body composition were assessed in the F1 and F2 generations of transgenic common carp (Cyprinus carpio). All measurements were compared with those for nontransgenic full-sibling common carp in their respective families, and the fish were ...
Hosoda Hiroshi - - 2003
Ghrelin, a novel 28-amino acid peptide with an n-octanoyl modification at Ser(3), was isolated from rat stomach and found to be an endogenous ligand for the growth-hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). This octanoyl modification is essential for ghrelin-induced GH release. We report here the purification and identification of human ghrelin from ...
Stubbs A K - - 2002
This study tested the hypothesis that specific amino acids are responsible for modulating the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) response to growth hormone (GH) in ovine hepatocytes. Cells were grown in media of defined amino acid composition, based on physiological concentrations (P.C.) of amino acids in sheep plasma. Relative to culture ...
Chromiak Joseph A - - 2002
Specific amino acids, such as arginine, lysine and ornithine, can stimulate growth hormone (GH) release when infused intravenously or administered orally. Many individuals consume amino acids before strength training workouts, believing this practice accentuates the exercise-induced GH release, thereby promoting greater gains in muscle mass and strength. The GH response ...
Incerpi Sandra - - 2002
Rapid nongenomic effects of thyroid hormones L-T(3) and L-T(4) on two plasma membrane transport systems were investigated in 14-d-old and 19-d-old chick embryo hepatocytes. The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger activity was measured using the intracellular pH-sensitive fluorescent probe 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein acetoxymethyl ester, whereas the amino acid transport was estimated by [1-(14)C]-2-aminoisobutyric acid uptake. ...
Arufe M C - - 2002
The role of neurotransmission of endogenous excitatory amino acid (EAA) on serum thyroid hormones and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels was examined in conscious and freely moving adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were cannulated at the third ventricle 2 d before the experiments. Several glutamate receptor agonists, such as kainic ...
Pervez S - - 2001
Lanreotide, a synthetic octapeptide analog of a native hormone somatostatin, was labeled with a commonly available, inexpensive radionuclide 99mTc. Labeling was accomplished by reduction of the cysteine bridge, which provided sulfhydryl groups for chelation with 99mTc. Stannous chloride was used as reducing agent, while tartrate acted as transchelating agent. Lanreotide ...
Hirai M - - 2001
Gamete activation factor (GAF) induces exflagellation of Plasmodium microgametes. We found GAF in the salivary glands of female mosquitoes, Anopheles stephensi. The exflagellation was induced in a concentration-dependent manner in the supernatant of salivary gland's crude homogenate. The exflagellation-inducing activity in the salivary gland was higher than that in the ...
Matsuda O - - 2001
A common feature of the membrane lipids of higher plants is a large content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which typically consist of dienoic and trienoic fatty acids. Two types of omega-3 fatty acid desaturase. which are present in the plastids and in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), respectively, are responsible for ...
Yang J - - 2001
Lodging-resistant rice (Oryza sativa) cultivars usually show slow grain filling when nitrogen is applied in large amounts. This study investigated the possibility that a hormonal change may mediate the effect of water deficit that enhances whole plant senescence and speeds up grain filling. Two rice cultivars showing high lodging resistance ...
Silva F R - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of T3 on amino acid accumulation and on the membrane potential of Sertoli cells of immature rat testes. Testes of pre-pubertal and pubertal rats were pre-incubated (30 min) in Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer and incubated in the presence of [14C]methylaminoisobutyric acid ...
Uchida K - - 2001
As done previously with adult females of Culex pipiens pallens Coquillett, a mixture of 17 amino acids was infused into the hemocoel of females of seven anautogenous and one autogenous mosquito species belonging to three genera. In Culex. p. quinquefasciatus Say, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus Giles, Cx. kyotoensis Yamaguti & LaCasse, Aedes ...
Hasenstein K. H. - - 2001
The time course and control of floral abscission and fruit set in Theobroma cacao were studied after spray application of growth regulators. 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) prevented flower abscission in a concentration dependent manner and induced the early stages of fruit development. The cytokinin benzylaminopurine (BAP) counteracted NAA but resulted in ...
Xu S - - 2001
Treatment of ovariectomized rats with dietary clofibrate caused a manyfold increase in the liver microsomal esterification of estradiol with fatty acids. The stimulatory effect of clofibrate administration on fatty acid esterification of estradiol by liver microsomes was paralleled in vivo by enhanced estradiol-induced increases in the formation of lobules in ...
Kersten S - - 2001
Fat build-up is determined by the balance between lipogenesis and lipolysis/fatty acid oxidation. In the past few years, our understanding of the nutritional, hormonal and particularly transcriptional regulation of lipogenesis has expanded greatly. Lipogenesis is stimulated by a high carbohydrate diet, whereas it is inhibited by polyunsaturated fatty acids and ...
Lavigne C - - 2001
In this study, we report for the first time the presence of an antidiuretic factor in the head of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)) which acts directly on Malpighian tubules. Biologically active fractions were isolated from the head and separated using molecular weight filtration and high-performance liquid chromatography ...
Wilson F E - - 2001
This study tested the hypothesis that L-3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) is the bioactive "seasonality" thyroid hormone in American tree sparrows (Spizella (arborea). The experimental approach coupled thyroid hormone replacement therapy after radiothyroidectomy with photostimulation and intracerebroventricular infusion of iopanoic acid, an inhibitor of L-3,5,3'-triiodothyronine synthesis and degradation. Endpoints were testis length, molt ...
Peterson J K - - 2001
Exposure of Daphnia pulex to the insecticide and juvenile hormone-mimic methoprene resulted in a decrease in the incidence of all-male broods and an increase in the incidence of all-female broods compared with controls. These effects were observed at nominal concentrations of 10 and 100 microg/L, within the upper range of ...
Yamamoto N - - 2001
Through binding to its nuclear receptor (TR), thyroid hormone (T3) activates the expression of the thyroid hormone-responsive genes that are essential for the regulation of energy consumption. Previously, we found that free fatty acids (FFAs) and their CoA esters strongly inhibited the binding of T3 to its nuclear receptor in ...
Duffield P H - - 2001
Methods are given for the quantitation of the plant stress hormone, abscisic acid (ABA), and its two metabolic precursors, ketone and enolate, that are applicable to all species tested so far. The plant extract is homogenized at neutral pH, hexane-soluble neutrals are extracted and discarded, and then the free ABA ...
Tanaka K - - 2001
Cleavage of thyrotropin receptors (TSHR) on the cell surface into disulfide-linked A and B subunits involves deletion of an intervening region that corresponds approximately to a 50 amino acid "insertion" in the TSHR relative to the noncleaving luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (LH/CGR). The location of this insertion is imprecise because of ...
Nachman R J - - 2001
This study presents a comparison of the topical pheromonotropic activity in the tobacco budworm moth of a series of amphiphilic pseudopeptide analogs of the insect pyrokinin/PBAN peptide class incorporating fatty acids of varying chain lengths. While the C16 analog fails to penetrate the moth cuticle, and the C12 only moderately ...
Andersen C Y - - 2001
The ability of different isoforms of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) to induce accumulation of cAMP in cultured mouse cumulus-oocyte-complexes (COC) was evaluated in a time course study. Using isoform fractions representing less acidic (pI 6.43-5.69), mid-acidic (pI 5.62-4.96) and acidic (pI 4.69-3.75) isoforms, the accumulation of cAMP was monitored after ...
Penning T M TM Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3620 Hamilton Walk, 19104-6084, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2001
Steroid hormone transforming aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) include virtually all mammalian 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (3alpha-HSDs), 20alpha-HSDs, as well as the 5beta-reductases. To elucidate the molecular determinants of steroid hormone recognition we used rat liver 3alpha-HSD (AKR1C9) as a starting structure to engineer either 5beta-reductase or 20alpha-HSD activity. 5beta-Reductase activity was introduced by ...
Le Conte Y - - 2001
Primer pheromones are thought to act in a variety of vertebrates and invertebrates but only a few have been chemically identified. We report that a blend of ten fatty-acid esters found on the cuticles of honeybee larvae, already known as a kairomone, releaser pheromone and primer pheromone, also act as ...
Adamski J - - 2001
17beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17beta-HSD) are pivotal in controlling the biological potency of steroid hormones by catalyzing oxidation or reduction at position 17. Several 17beta-HSDs may as well metabolize further substrates including alcohols, bile acids, fatty acids and retinols. This review summarizes recent progress in the field of 17beta-HSD research provides an ...
Pavan B - - 2001
The object of this study was to evaluate whether phthalic acid, which is one of the metabolites of phthalic acid esters, exerts estrogenic actions in WISH cells, an immortalized cell line derived from human amniotic tissue. Our data demonstrate that phthalic acid (i) displaces [3H]estradiol from its binding sites, (ii) ...
Ozolina N V - - 2001
Effects of indoleacetic, abscisic, gibberellic acids and kinetin on the hydrolytic activity of the proton pumps H+-ATPase (EC 3.6.1.3) and H+-pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) under non-optimal ionic conditions were studied in tonoplasts isolated from stored roots of red beet (Beta vulgaris L. cv. Bordo). We showed that ionic composition markedly affected ...
Uchiyama N - - 2000
The epidermal keratinocytes produce and secrete lipids to maintain the water barrier of the epidermis. To clarify the regulation of epidermal lipid synthesis, we investigated the hormonal effect on the activity of fatty acid synthase (FAS) of the keratinocytes, and the expression of FAS in the human skin. In cultured ...
Rup P J - - 2000
Six compounds (IBA, chlorogenic acid, cytokinine, GA3, alar B-9 and maleic hydrazide) belonging to four different categories of plant growth hormones were used to study their effect on carbohydrate content in L. erysimi. The second instar nymphs (48 hr old) were given both dipping and leaf surface treatment with 1024 ...
Audsley N - - 2000
Juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthesis and the effects of synthetic Manduca sexta allatostatin (Mas-AS) and M. sexta allatotropin (Mas-AT) were investigated in isolated corpora allata (CA) of Vth stadium larvae of the tomato moth, Lacanobia oleracea. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) of JH extracted from CA shows that larvae produce predominantly ...
Antolić S - - 2000
The structural characterization of 1H-pyrrolo[2, 3-b]pyridine-3-acetic acid (alternative name: 7-azaindole-3-acetic acid), C(9)H(8)N(2)O(2), reveals similar molecular geometry, i.e. with the side chain perpendicular to the 7-azaindole ring, to that of the natural plant growth hormone indole-3-acetic acid (auxin) and its alkylated and halogenated derivatives.
Sergeev V G - - 2000
The effects of single injections of 2-deoxyglucose or 2-mercaptoacetate on the expression of mRNA of neuropeptide Y, pro-opiomelanocortin, and melanin-concentrating hormone in rat hypothalamus were studied by in situ hybridization in order to elucidate the role of these neuropeptides in the mechanisms of alimentary behavior caused by decreased levels of ...
Furuya K - - 2000
Insect diuretic hormones are crucial for control of water balance. We isolated from the cockroach Diploptera punctata two diuretic hormones (DH), Dippu-DH(31) and Dippu-DH(46), which increase cAMP production and fluid secretion in Malpighian tubules of several insect species. Dippu-DH(31) and -DH(46) contain 31 and 46 amino acids, respectively. Dippu-DH(46) belongs ...
Fuglei E - - 2000
Svalbard's arctic foxes experience large seasonal variations in light, temperature and food supply throughout the year, which may result in periods of starvation. The aim of this work is to investigate if there are seasonal variations in post-absorptive plasma thyroid hormones (free thyroxin (fT(4)), free triiodothyronine (fT(3)) and reverse triiodothyronine ...
Ryszka F - - 2000
The absorption of glycoprotein hormones, i.e. folitropin and lutropin, whose approximate molecular weight is 30,000 D, were estimated for the intranasal administration. The maximal hormone concentrations were observed 30 minutes after their administration. The maximal concentration of folitropin was 32% higher than the maximal concentration of lutropin. Bioavailability level for ...
Elias A N - - 2000
Transcendental meditation (TM) is a stylized form of physical and mental relaxation which is associated with changes in the secretion and release of several pituitary hormones. The hormonal changes induced by TM mimic the effects of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA). It is hypothesized that TM produces changes ...
Gómez-Cadenas A - - 2000
The hormonal signals controlling fruitlet abscission induced by sugar shortage in citrus were identified in Satsuma mandarin, Citrus unshiu (Mak.) Marc, cv. Clausellina and cv. Okitsu. Sugar supply, hormonal responses and fruitlet abscission were manipulated through full, partial or selective leaf removals at anthesis and thereafter. In developing fruitlets, defoliations ...
Mitsuma T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop radioimmunoassay for hypocretin-2 (Hcrt-2). And search for its presence in certain rat tissues. METHODS: Anti-Hcrt-2 serum has been raised in New Zealand white rabbits immunized with a conjugate of synthetic Hcrt-2 with bovine serum albumin. Radioiodination of Hcrt-2 was performed by chloramine T method, followed by purification ...
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