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Sun Jongho - - 2006
Plant hormones interact at many different levels to form a network of signaling pathways connected by antagonistic and synergistic interactions. Ethylene and jasmonic acid both act to regulate the plant's responsiveness to a common set of biotic stimuli. In addition ethylene has been shown to negatively regulate the plant's response ...
Hinault Charlotte - - 2006
Recently, our knowledge concerning the role of amino acids in signal transduction in mammals has greatly improved. This significant advance is mainly due to the remarkable discovery that the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein kinase, known to be activated in response to a large number of hormones, growth factors ...
Sakurai Nobuyuki - - 2006
The 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDs) are enzymes that catalyze the reduction of 17-ketosteroids or the oxidation of 17beta-hydroxysteroids. 17beta-HSD type 12, the most recently cloned member of this gene family, was classified into the 17beta-HSD family based on sequence homology, rather than steroid catalyzing activity. Meanwhile, it has been reported that ...
Liu Zhipeng - - 2006
The existence of an egg-laying hormone (ELH) was identified for the first time in the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, by means of immunoenzyme and immunofluorescence techniques. This was achieved using a polyclonal antibody produced against expressed recombinant ELH of the female Australian blacklip abalone, Haliotis rubra. The shrimp ELH ...
Motola Daniel L - - 2006
In response to environmental and dietary cues, the C. elegans orphan nuclear receptor, DAF-12, regulates dauer diapause, reproductive development, fat metabolism, and life span. Despite strong evidence for hormonal control, the identification of the DAF-12 ligand has remained elusive. In this work, we identified two distinct 3-keto-cholestenoic acid metabolites of ...
Lisowska Katarzyna - - 2006
The metabolism of phenanthrene and the mammalian corticosteroid hormone cortexolone by the fungus Cunninghamella elegans was studied. The amounts of the cortexolone transformation products, cortisol and epicortisol, were affected by the presence of phenanthrene. Approximately 40% more cortisol was produced by C. elegans in cultures with phenanthrene. In contrast, epicortisol ...
Bhathena Sam J - - 2006
Significant interactions exist between fatty acids and the endocrine system. Dietary fatty acids alter both hormone and neuropeptide concentrations and also their receptors. In addition, hormones affect the metabolism of fatty acids and the fatty acid composition of tissue lipids. The principal hormones involved in lipid metabolism are insulin, glucagon, ...
Elkins Christopher A - - 2006
A steroid-hormone-dependent growth suppression was observed in Escherichia coli efflux-deficient backgrounds containing mutations in the major RND- and MFS-type tripartite multidrug efflux systems, AcrAB-TolC and EmrAB-TolC, respectively. In addition to their previously known natural steroid spectrum, which includes bile acids, both systems were shown to transport the hormones estradiol and ...
Hepner Felix - - 2006
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) is used for the treatment of several disorders. Structural integrity of rhGH is of critical importance for its clinical use and modifications thereof may act as markers in situations such as rhGH doping, as illegal rhGH-abuse in sports is of increasing interest. In the current ...
Ida Takanori - - 2007
Ghrelin, a novel 28-amino acid peptide with an n-octanoyl modification at Ser3, has been isolated from rat and human stomach as an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor. Here, we purified feline ghrelin and examined its possible physiological role in cats. The major active form of feline ghrelin ...
Menegaz D - - 2006
We investigated the involvement of protein synthesis in the stimulatory action of thyroid hormones on amino acid accumulation and characterized K(+) currents involved in the hyperpolarizing effect of thyroxine (T(4)) on Sertoli cells. Immature rat testes were incubated in Krebs Ringer-bicarbonate buffer (KRb) in the presence of [(14)C]methylaminoisobutyric acid with ...
Nemchenko Andriy - - 2006
Most plant oxylipins, a large class of diverse oxygenated polyunsaturated fatty acids and their derivatives, are produced through the lipoxygenase (LOX) pathway. Recent progress in dicots has highlighted the biological roles of oxylipins in plant defence responses to pathogens and pests. By contrast, the physiological function of LOXs and their ...
Bodur Ebru - - 2005
Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) constitutes the first line defense in the serum of higher organisms and is a marker for toxic exposure. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is a major plant growth hormone of the auxin class, affecting cell enlargement, and differentiation. As a result of the industrial usage, this agrochemical is consumed by ...
Ro Byung In - - 2005
Most common scalp flaking disorders show a strong correlation with sebaceous gland (SG) activity. Early SG activity in the neonate results in microfloral colonization and cradle cap. After maternal hormonal control subsides, there is little SG activity until puberty, when the SG turns on under sex hormone control. When the ...
Raucci F - - 2005
In the lizard Podarcis s. sicula, a substantial amount of D-aspartate (D-Asp) is endogenous to the testis and shows cyclic changes of activity connected with sex hormone profiles during the annual reproductive phases. Testicular D-Asp content shows a direct correlation with testosterone titres and a reverse correlation with 17beta-estradiol titres. ...
Gutjahr Caroline - - 2005
Gravitropism is explained by the Cholodny-Went hypothesis: the basipetal flow of auxin is diverted laterally. The resulting lateral auxin gradient triggers asymmetric growth. However, the Cholodny-Went hypothesis has been questioned repeatedly because the internal auxin gradient is too small to account for the observed growth asymmetry. Therefore, an additional gradient ...
Filek Maria - - 2005
The influence of electric field treatment on dedifferentiation and calli formation on rape hypocotyls was investigated. Segments, 10 mm long, of the upper part of rape (Brassica napus L., cv. Góczański) hypocotyls were stimulated by different combinations of voltage/time (1.5 V/120 h, 3 V/3 h, 10 V/15 min and 30 ...
Hyyti Outi M - - 2006
Thyroid hormone regulates metabolism through transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. The integration of these mechanisms in heart is poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated control of substrate flux into the citric acid cycle (CAC) by thyroid hormone using retrogradely perfused isolated hearts (n = 20) from control (C) and age-matched thyroidectomized rats ...
Lin Bai-Ling - - 2005
The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) induces a developmental switch in the aquatic fern Marsilea quadrifolia, causing the formation of aerial type characteristics, including the elongation of petioles and roots, a change in leaf morphology, the expansion of leaf surface area, and the shortening of the internodes. A number of ...
Terruzzi I - - 2005
Differential stimulation of vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells proliferation is responsible for atherosclerotic lesions. Amino acids and insulin modulate p70S6k and 4E-BP1 activity, regulating cell growth and proliferation. We hypothesised that nutritional (amino acids) and hormonal (insulin) signals differently modulate protein anabolism in human vascular endothelial (HUVEC) and smooth ...
Wells Cornell C - - 2006
In insects, ecdysis or shedding of the old cuticle, consists of a series of behaviors that are regulated by the coordinated actions of a number of neuropeptides, one of which is ecdysis triggering hormone (ETH). ETH acts directly on central pattern generators of the abdominal ganglia to trigger onset of ...
Nobukuni Takahiro - - 2005
During the evolution of metazoans and the rise of systemic hormonal regulation, the insulin-controlled class 1 phosphatidylinositol 3OH-kinase (PI3K) pathway was merged with the primordial amino acid-driven mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway to control the growth and development of the organism. Insulin regulates mTOR function through a recently described ...
Al-Jammaz I - - 2006
Melatonin demands that this hormone and its receptors be well understood. With this aim in mind, synthetic melatonin was radioiodinated with no-carrier-added (n.c.a.) sodium iodide-123 using in situ generated peracetic acid as oxidizing agent for electrophilic iodination at room temperature. The radiochemical yield was typically greater than 80% after 20 ...
Mauch-Mani Brigitte - - 2005
The effect of the abiotic stress hormone abscisic acid on plant disease resistance is a neglected field of research. With few exceptions, abscisic acid has been considered a negative regulator of disease resistance. This negative effect appears to be due to the interference of abscisic acid with biotic stress signaling ...
Reverberi Massimo - - 2005
Plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress can be mediated by oxidised products and in this study we analysed the relation among some of them and the growth factor indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The plant material used was potato tuber sliced below bud and incubated for different lengths of time before ...
Lam Tony K T - - 2005
Selective regions of the brain, including the hypothalamus, are capable of gathering information on the body's nutritional status in order to implement appropriate behavioral and metabolic responses to changes in fuel availability. This review focuses on direct metabolic signaling within the hypothalamus. There is growing evidence supporting the idea that ...
Kojima Masayasu - - 2005
Small synthetic molecules called growth hormone secretagogues (GHSs) stimulate the release of growth hormone (GH) from the pituitary. They act through the GHS-R, a G protein-coupled receptor whose ligand has only been discovered recently. Using a reverse pharmacology paradigm with a stable cell line expressing GHS-R, we purified an endogenous ...
Kaunitz Andrew M - - 2005
With the goal of helping clinicians facilitate contraceptive success for their patients, this Clinical Opinion provides an update regarding older hormonal and intrauterine contraceptives and details newer methods that include the progestin-releasing intrauterine system, the contraceptive patch and ring, and extended and emergency oral contraception. Last, I will look over ...
Herman T - - 2005
The relative amounts of methyl palmitate (MP) during the first 10 days post-eclosion were determined in whole-body extracts of adult female Ceratitis capitata by SIM monitoring of the 74 m/z fragment. MP peaks in receptive 3-day-old virgin females coincide with previously reported production of Juvenile Hormone (JH) by the corpus ...
Budesínský M - - 2005
The 13C and 15N backbone-labeled proline was prepared using Oppolzer's method based on application of a sultam as chiral auxiliary. This isotopomer was used in the synthesis of the 13C, 15N backbone-labeled C-terminal tripeptide amide fragment of neurohypophyseal hormone oxytocin. Finally, this tripeptide amide was coupled by segment condensation with ...
Cui Zhaoxia - - 2005
Isolation and characterization of androgenic hormone in decapod crustaceans depend on an effective bioassay of its action. In the present study, the effect of androgenic gland on ovarian development in the mud crab Scylla paramamosain was investigated with a view to develop a bioassay for androgenic hormone. Ovarian regression with ...
Raben Daniel M - - 2005
Three papers recently appeared simultaneously that identify a new triacylglycerol lipase. Zimmerman et al. identified this lipase as adipocyte triacylglycerol lipase (ATGL). Jenkins et al. identified it as the zeta-isoform of a calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)), whereas Villena et al. found this enzyme and called it desnutrin. Interestingly, if, as ...
Mwange Kalima-N'koma - - 2005
The seasonal change of free abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and their relationship with the cambial activity in Eucommia ulmoides trees were investigated by ABA and IAA immunolocalization using primary polyclonal and rhodamine-red fluorescing secondary antibodies, ABA and IAA quantification using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and systematic ...
Kasraee Behrooz - - 2005
We have previously shown that the peroxidase inhibitor methimazole (1-methyl-2-mercapto imidazole; MMI) is a noncytotoxic inhibitor of melanin production in cultured B16 melanocytes. It was further demonstrated that the topical application of 5% MMI on brown guinea pig skin for 6 weeks causes a significant reduction in the amount of ...
Payasi Anurag - - 2004
A differential activity peak of pectate lyase (PEL) was observed during ripening of banana fruits (Musa acuminata Harichhal) receiving different hormone treatments. Exposure of fruits to 25 ppm ethylene for 24 h, as well as dipping of M. acuminata fruits in 1 mM 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) for 4 h, ...
Pepe Jessica - - 2005
We investigated the relative contribution of the major factors regulating calcium homeostasis in determining the circulating levels of PTH. We studied 137 males and 125 females who were healthy volunteers. Circulating PTH levels were determined by three different immunoradiometric assays (IRMA). The first one (PTH Sorin, PTH S) utilizes two ...
Chaudhary Rajesh - - 2004
An acid pellet, obtained as a side fraction from a conventional gonadotropin purification pathway, has been found to contain the bulk of the pituitary lactogenic hormones (growth hormone or GH and prolactin or PRL). This discarded side fraction has been utilized to obtain buffalo lactogenic hormones (buGH and buPRL), simultaneously, ...
Wolańska Małgorzata - - 2004
It is commonly thought that uterine leiomyomas result from hyperstimulation of myometrium by ovarian hormones. Some observations suggest that cytokines and growth factors are intermediate elements through which the ovarian hormones may exert their growth-stimulatory effects on leiomyomas. Human myometrium and uterine leiomyomas of various weights were homogenised and extracted ...
Bochu Wang - - 2004
Hormones have been suggested to play a prominent role in the control of callus growth. In this paper, with the method of indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), we investigated the induction effect of soundwave on the dynamic change of endogenous indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and abscisic acid (ABA) in vitro during ...
Tsao Rong - - 2004
Lutein is found in many foods; the richest and purest plant source is marigold flower (Tagetes erecta L.). In this plant, lutein is in the form of saturated fatty acid diesters. By using a binary mobile phase consisting of ethyl acetate and acetonitrile-methanol (9:1), improved separation was achieved on a ...
Janer Gemma - - 2004
Mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis were exposed to different concentrations of estradiol (20, 200, and 2000 ng/l) in a semi-static regime (1-day dosing intervals) for up to 7 days in an attempt to see how mussels dealt with exogenous estrogenic compounds. Sex hormone levels were determined in whole tissue. Free-estradiol was only ...
Lim Eng-Kiat EK CNAP, Department of Biology, University of York, York, - - 2004
Many small lipophilic compounds in living cells can be modified by glycosylation. These processes can regulate the bioactivity of the compounds, their intracellular location and their metabolism. The glycosyltransferases involved in biotransformations of small molecules have been grouped into Family 1 of the 69 families that are classified on the ...
Hansen Immo A - - 2004
Mosquitoes generate an enormous burden on human health worldwide. Disease-transmitting species use a reproductive strategy, termed anautogeny, that requires a blood meal to initiate egg maturation. Whereas this strategy is important for driving disease transmission, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still poorly understood. The production of yolk protein ...
Kolla Venkat Apparao - - 2004
The present study reports quick and significant changes induced by plant hormones in the volume of mesophyll protoplasts of pea (Pisum sativum). Four plant hormones: gibberellic acid (GA3), indole 3-acetic acid (IAA), abscisic acid (ABA)(+/-) and methyl jasmonate (MJ), caused marked changes in the volume of mesophyll protoplasts. GA3 and ...
Jansen Michelle S - - 2004
In this study, we demonstrate that the pervasive xenobiotic methoxyacetic acid and the commonly prescribed anticonvulsant valproic acid, both short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), dramatically increase cellular sensitivity to estrogens, progestins, and other nuclear hormone receptor ligands. These compounds do not mimic endogenous hormones but rather act to enhance the transcriptional ...
Martin Joseph V - - 2004
To characterize the direct effects of thyroid hormones on native gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptors, rapid (5 s) actions of a series of iodothyronines on muscimol-stimulated uptake of (36)Cl(-) were investigated in synaptoneurosomes prepared from rat brain. The results were correlated with molecular modeling of the active compounds. Dose-response curves for ...
Saito Shigeki S Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, - - 2004
Abscisic acid (ABA) is involved in a number of critical processes in normal growth and development as well as in adaptive responses to environmental stresses. For correct and accurate actions, a physiologically active ABA level is controlled through fine-tuning of de novo biosynthesis and catabolism. The hydroxylation at the 8'-position ...
Green Brian D - - 2004
The hormone glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) is released in response to ingested nutrients and acts to promote glucose-dependent insulin secretion ensuring efficient postprandial glucose homeostasis. Unfortunately, the beneficial actions of GLP-1 which give this hormone many of the desirable properties of an antidiabetic drug are short lived due to degradation by ...
Severinsen Rune - - 2004
An efficient solid-phase protocol for the synthesis of substituted (5-biphenyltetrazolyl)-hydantoins and -thiohydantoins has been developed. Suzuki cross-coupling between resin-bound 2-(tetrazol-5-yl)-phenylborinane and 4-bromobenzaldehyde gave the corresponding tetrazolylbiphenyl aldehyde. Subsequent reductive amination using amino acid esters gave the pivotal resin bound amino acid esters which were transformed to hydantoins or thiohydantoins via ...
Correa-Aragunde Natalia - - 2004
Nitric oxide (NO) is a bioactive molecule that functions in numerous physiological processes in plants, most of them involving cross-talk with traditional phytohormones. Auxin is the main hormone that regulates root system architecture. In this communication we report that NO promotes lateral root (LR) development, an auxin-dependent process. Application of ...
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