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Results 551 - 600 of 714
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Schleyer M - - 1981
Human and porcine somatotropin were compared by different methods. Both hormones show biological activity in the Greenspan assay. Molecular masses, N- and C-terminal amino acids as well as the chromatographic patterns on ion exchange cellulose at room temperature are identical. Chromatography in the cold results in different behaviour of the ...
Hashimoto K - - 1981
The effects of parathyroid hormone and related polypeptides on the heart were examined using the canine heart-lung preparation supported by a donor. Synthetic bovine parathyroid hormone (PTH) containing 34 amino acids [PTH-(1--34)] and natural bovine PTH containing 84 amino acids [PTH-(1--84)] showed slight positive chronotropic and inotropic action and prominent ...
Stetler-Stevenson M A - - 1981
Metabolic breakdown of the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) could lead to the following fragments containing pyroglutamic acid: pyroglutamic acid (1), pGlu-His (2), pGLu-His-Trp (3), pGlu-His-Trp-Ser (4), etc., and finally pGlu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-Gly-Leu-Arg-Pro-Gly (10). We have synthesized fragments 2-10 and successfully separated all ten metabolites and LH-RH by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ...
Moran J R - - 1981
Dispersed bovine parathyroid cells were incubated in vitro with 3H-labeled amino acids for 30--120 min. Analysis of cell extracts by sodium dodecyl sulfate-urea-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed a calcium-regulated incorporation of 3H-labeled amino acids into three major peaks, one with a molecular weight (Mr) of 70,000 and two peaks in the ...
Mandarino L - - 1981
The widely occurring tetradecapeptide somatostatin (SRIF-14) has been variously implicated as a neurotransmitter, a neurohormone, a cybernin (local regulatory factor) and a hormone. In the first isolation of SRIF-14 from hypothalamic extracts and subsequent extracts of other tissues, peptides of higher molecular weight but with similar activity have been noted. ...
Pang P K - - 1981
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and its N-terminal 1-34 fragment were shown to be hypotensive in dogs. In this study, synthetic bovine PTH fragments containing the N-terminal amino acids 1-34, 24-34, 24-28 and 25-27 [bPTH-(1-34), bPTH-(24-34), bPTH-(24-28) and bPTH-(24-27)] were synthesized and tested for hypotensive activity in dogs. bPTH-(1-34) is the most ...
Combarnous Y - - 1981
Pregnant mare serum gonadotropin exhibits a dissociation at acid pH as shown by the drop of s20,w values from 3.52 S at pH 8.1 to 2.52 S at pH 2.0. The dissociation is accompanied by an absorbance change with a maximum at 287 nm and a parallel loss of both ...
Fan C C - - 1981
Hormone stimulated lipolysis of mouse and rabbit adipocytes as measured by both free fatty acid and glycerol release, is proportionally elevated with increase in the adipocyte cAMP level up to 1 nmol/g. The correlation coefficients are 0.94 and 0.97 for FFA/cAMP and glycerol/cAMP respectively. Increments in cAMP greater than 1 ...
Méndez B A - - 1981
In the present work the effects of the hypophysis hormones on oviduct mucoprotein components distribution patterns were studied. Remarkable changes after treating the toad with hypophysis injections were apparent. The distribution pattern for hexose, sialic acid, hexosamine and phosphate from 18 hours hypophysis treated toads were found to be identical ...
Lewis U J - - 1981
The 20,000-dalton structural variant of human growth hormone was inactive as a hyperglycemic agent in dogs when injected 10 h prior to a glucose tolerance test. Limited digestion with subtilisin did not generate hyperglycemic activity. These results are in contrast to those obtained with human growth hormone where subtilisin treatment ...
Isidori A - - 1981
A study was carried out in 15 male volunteers to evaluate qualitatively the secretion of growth factors following stimulation by oral amino acids. The results showed that oral administration of a combination of two amino acids (1200 mg 1-lysine plus 1200 mg 1-arginine) provoked a release of pituitary somatotropin and ...
Harrison M A - - 1980
Stem segments containing a single node and quiescent lateral bud (tiller) were excised from the bases of oat shoots (cv. ;Victory') and used to study the effects of plant hormones on release of lateral buds and development of adventitious root primordia. Kinetin (10(-5) and 10(-6) molar) stimulates development of tillers ...
Scheibel J - - 1980
Taurine and related neurally active metabolites, were tested for their ability to influence basal secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). The animal model used was the unanesthetized, unrestrained adult rat with an indwelling catheter in the jugular vein and a cannula implanted in the right lateral ...
Tsubokawa M - - 1980
A highly purified somatotropin (growth hormone) has been isolated from fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) pituitary glands in a yield of 1,014 mg/kg of wet weight tissue. The preparation was shown to be homogenous by isoelectric focusing on polyacrylamide with growth-promoting potency comparable to that of ovine growth hormone by the ...
Simon M - - 1980
We describe a sequential double-antibody assay for measuring C-terminal parathyrin in serum with commercially available reagents. Intact bovine hormone, used as a working standard, is iodinated by conventional Chloramine T procedures. The antibody affinity is characteristic of high affinity binding (1.4 to 1.6 x 10(10) L/mol of intact parathyrin). The ...
Walsh J R - - 1980
Previous attempts to purify relaxin from pregnant sow and rat ovaries have led to the identification of multiple components with very similar molecular weights (around 6000 daltons) and similar, but not identical amino acid compositions. It has been unclear whether these multiple forms of relaxin represented different allelic forms (isohormones), ...
Boyd W H - - 1980
The production of intraglandular colloid, brought about by the cyclic breakdown of intermediate lobe cells, is related to the synthesis of hormones in the hypophysis. By analyzing the 'shift' of the amino acid, cystine, during various phases of the gland's cycle it is apparent that hormones, as well as other ...
Panda J N - - 1980
Influence of thyroid and adrenal hormones on the testicular biochemical activities and their role in the mechanism of male gonadal function were scantily reported. The present study in the thyroidectomized and adrenalectomized animals revealed that thyroid deficiency caused decrease in acid phosphatase activities, increase in cholesterol and GOT activities, where ...
Pérez-Castillo A - - 1980
Pieces of human salivary glands were homogenised with acid-ethanol or acid-saline solutions immediately after surgical removal. With both extraction procedures the immunoreactive glucagon (IRG) content in the submaxillary glands was greater than in parotid glands as determined with a C-terminal reactive glucagon antiserum (30K). Higher amounts of IRG were determined ...
Costa M - - 1980
Any one of five amino acis (alanine, asparagine, glutamine, glycine, and serine) is an essential requirement for the induction of ornithine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.17) in cultured chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells maintained with a salts/glucose, medium. Each of these amino acids induced a striking activation of ornithine decarboxylase in the ...
Lok C M - - 1980
A 1H-NMR method using chiral shift reagents was applied in the stereochemical analysis of the haemolymph 1,2-diacylglycerols of Locusta migratoria. Conversion of the 1,2-diacylglycerols into 1,2-diacetyl-3-tritylglycerols allowed the accurate determination of the enantiomeric purity, whereas direct trimethylsilylation of the unmodified or hydrogenated haemolymph 1,2-diacylglycerols proved to be less suitable because ...
Crass M F MF - - 1980
Injection of synthetic bovine parathyroid hormone (the amino terminal peptide containing the first 34 amino acids) to the coronary circulation of the dog resulted in a marked coronary vasodilation. The vasodilatory response was dose-dependent and amounted to a 161 percent increase over the resting flow rate at a concentration of ...
Markoff E - - 1980
The lactogenic response of mouse mammary explants to mouse prolactin (mPRL) and mouse growth hormone (mGH) was studied. Mouse mammary explants were cultured, in a defined medium, in the presence of varying concentrations of either mPRL or mGH and the rate of 3H amino acid incorporation into casein was measured. ...
Schreiber V - - 1980
In male and female rats, oestradiol raises adenohypophyseal weight, the thyroxine-binding capacity of the adenohypophyseal proteins and the blood ceruloplasmin (polyphenol oxidase) level and reduces the ascorbic acid concentration in the hypothalamus. Simultaneous administration of the thyroid hormones inhibits all these reactions. The simultaneous administration of perphenazine (a dopaminergic neurone ...
Al-Ubaidi F - - 1980
1. The metabolism of some vasoactive hormones perfused through pulmonary vessels was studied in samples of human lung obtained at operations. 2. 5-Hydroxytryptamine was inactivated and this inactivation was inhibited by desmehtylimipramine and mebanazine. 3. Beta-[14C]Phenylethylamine was also metabolized in human lung. 4. Prostaglandin E2 was inactivated and this inactivation ...
Benson B - - 1980
A variety of experiments carried out in recent years are reviewed and evidence is presented for the presence of non-indolic, pineal antigonadotropic substances in pineal extracts and partially purified pineal fractions. Other data are presented suggesting the presence of prolactin releasing and release-inhibiting substances in bovine pineal glands. Also, the ...
Liddell M J - - 1979
The role of catecholamines in shock metabolism in dogs was studied by comparing the metabolism of shock due to cardiac tamponade, shock with catecholamine depletion from prior reserpine adminstration and metabolism in the normal dog with continuous epinephrine infusion. It was concluded that the high serum concentrations of catecholamines in ...
Schleyer M - - 1979
A recently published method for preparation of porcine growth hormone resulted in a highly purified protein with good biological activity. However, after storing for some months the originally homogeneous hormone separated again into several fractions when rechromatographed on ion exchange columns. The biological activity, found in one of these fractions, ...
Okamura K - - 1979
Thyroid lobes of male Sprague-Dawley rats on an iodine-sufficient diet were incubated in our improved in vitro system with 0.01 microM 127I and 5mU/ml of bovine TSH. Thyroidal 131I-uptake and the relative incorporation of iodine into iodothyronines increased with time. The average yield of each iodoamino acid after 8 h ...
Biscoglio de Jimenez Bonino M J - - 1979
Bovine growth hormone was chemically modified with picryl sulfonic acid, at pH 8.4 during 2 and 5 min of reaction. The N-terminal residue provides the most reactive amino group followed by the epsilon-amino groups of lysine 179 and lysines 143, 69, 111, 170 and 166 in decreasing order. These results ...
Larsen P R - - 1979
Iopanoic acid has been shown to block thyroxine (T4)-5'-monodeiodination in rat anterior pituitary in vitro. To test the hypothesis that the acute decrease in thyrotropin (TSH) after infusion of T4 into hypothyroid rats requires intrapituitary T4 to 3,5,3'-triiodothyroxine (T3) conversion, the effect of iopanoic acid treatment on the generation of ...
Slonim A E - - 1979
The acute hormonal and amino acid responses to differing food substrates were examined in type 1 glycogen storage disease. Ingestion of a glucose load or a glucose-plus-beef meal caused an acute fall in the initially elevated plasma glucagon, alanine, proline, and lactate. Ingestion of beef alone caused a sharp rise ...
Matsukawa S - - 1979
Pig thyroid slices were incubated with Na131I and the 17--19S 131I-labeled thyroglobulin isolated was subjected to dissociation with 0.3 mM sodium dodecyl sulphate SDS) on sucrose density gradient centrifugation and to iodoamino acid analysis. During the incubation, initially dissociable thyroglobulin was gradually altered to 0.3 mM SDS-resistant species with increasing ...
Zimmerman D C - - 1979
12-Oxo-trans-10-dodecenoic acid (trans-10-ODA) is an oxidation product of polyunsaturated fatty acids in plant tissues. The structural similarity of trans-10-ODA and traumatic acid, a compound considered to be a wound hormone, suggested that trans-10-ODA might be a precursor of traumatic acid. Both trans-10-ODA and traumatic acid were active in the Wehnelt ...
Lorentz W B WB - - 1979
A 5-year-old girl had hypoglycemia and was of short stature. Studies of pituitary function demonstrated combined growth hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. She was shown to have ketotic hypoglycemia. In contrast to patients previously reported with hypopituitarism and ketotic hypoglycemia, she had no deficiency of gluconeogenic substrate. Serum levels ...
Habener J F - - 1979
The formation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the parathyroid gland occurs via two successive proteolytic cleavages from larger biosynthetic precursors. The initial product coded for by PTH mRNA is pre-proparathyroid hormone (PreProPTH), a polypeptide of 115 amino acids. Within 1 min of synthesis, the polypeptide, proparathyroid hormone (ProPTH), is formed ...
Repetto Y - - 1979
The metabolism of juvenile hormone (JH) I has been examined in fetal mouse liver cells maintained in culture. Diffusion of the hormone into the cells appears to be passive. The hormone is metabolized essentially to organic-soluble metabolites (diol ester, diol acid and acid) by the action of epoxide hydrase and ...
Hart I C - - 1979
Measures of hormones and metabolites in blood plasma of high and low yielding cattle matched for diet and stage of lactation were investigated for relationships between milk yield, body weight, and concentrations of hormones (prolactin, growth hormone, insulin, and thyroxine) and metabolites (glucose, nonesterified fatty acids, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and L-lactic ...
Burrow G N - - 1979
The addition of rabbit reticulocyte lysate supernate to membrane-bound calf thyroid polysomes resulted in stimulation of [3H]leucine incorporation into acid-precipitable material; 91% of these total radioactive peptides was precipitated by thyroglobulin antibodies. The ability of reticulocyte lysate supernate to stimulate thyroglobulin syntheis was pH and temperature sensitive. The addition of ...
Apinyacharti P - - 1979
Human somatotropin (growth hormone) iodinated by use of lactoperoxidase or Chloramine T added stoichiometrically has been compared with hormone iodinated by conventional Chloramine T method. The three preparations were indistinguishable, both in their stability to storage and in their suitability for use in radioimmunoassay. Degradation of tracer, as measured by ...
Bauce L G - - 1979
This report describes the synthesis of 23 analogs of thyrotrophin releasing hormone, L-pyroglutamic acid-L-histidyl-L-prolineamide, where only the pyroglutamic acid moiety is modified. Twelve of the analogs contain different heterocyclic rings or are derivatized pyrrolidone rings. The syntheses of these pyroglutamic acid analogs are also described. Peptide bond formation was generally ...
Exton J H - - 1979
1. Regulation of gluconeogenic substrate supply and modulation of the gluconeogenic pathway in the liver are both important in the control of gluconeogenesis by glucocorticoids. 2. Adrenal deficiency decreases the release of gluconeogenic and other amino acids from skeletal muscle during starvation. The effect is reversed by glucocorticoid replacement. The ...
Chrzanowska B L - - 1979
Hypophysectomized rats were injected intraperitoneally for 4 days with various doses of homocysteic acid or growth hormone. The effects of these compounds on epiphyseal cartilage thickness and circulating somatomedin activity levels were evaluated in an attempt to repeat the results of Clopath, Smith, and McCully, who reported that this compound ...
O'Dor R K - - 1978
1. Octopus vulgaris can be forced into precocious maturity by removal of the subpedunculate lobe from the brain, an operation that releases the optic glands from inhibition, and allows them to secrete a gonadotropin. 2. 14C-leucine was injected into the bloodstream of immature animals and its subsequent incorporation into muscle ...
Alvim R - - 1978
Levels of abscisic acid were followed in the xylem sap, mature leaves, and apices of field-grown willow (Salix viminalis L.) during the summer months, under natural and artificially extended photoperiods. Although the long day treatment prevented the general onset of dormancy, the plants grown under natural daylengths showed lower concentration ...
Robinson A M - - 1978
Fatty acid synthesis in the mammary gland of lactating rats in vivo was 5-fold higher than in the liver. Starvation decreased fatty acid synthesis in the gland 50-fold, whereas refeeding for 2h completely reversed this change. The plasma insulin concentration decreased 2-fold in starvation and was restored to the fed-rat ...
Lövgren T - - 1978
The simultaneous solubilization of some estrogens and C21 steroids in aqueous polysorbate 40, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, and sodium lauryl sulfate was studied. The less soluble estrogen estradiol was solubilized independently of the C21 steroids. The micellar solubilities of ethinyl estradiol and both corticosterone and hydrocortisone were independnet of the presence of ...
Benyó I - - 1978
The influence of acidification of the duodenal contents, of intravenous secretin, cholecystokinin and pancreozym injections on hepatic (HAF) and left gastric artery (GAF) and on portal vein blood flow (PVF), bile and pancreatic juice output was studied in dogs. Acid introduction into the duodenum increased HAF and PVF by 20 ...
Li C H - - 1978
Two fragments have been isolated and characterized from plasmin digests of human choriomammotropin. It was shown that these two fragments were derived from the cleavage of the Arg-Arg (positions 133-134) and the Lys-Gln (positions 140--141) bonds of the hormone: one has 133 amino acids and the other 51 amino acids. ...
Winchester J F - - 1978
This investigation assesses the effect of two-hour activated charcoal hemoperfusion using a column containing 300 g of acrylic hydrogel-coated activated charcoal either alone or combined with hemodialysis on small and "middle molecule" removal in uremic patients. Comparison was made with standard five-hour hemodialysis. Two patients with dialysis encephalopathy were treated ...
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