Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 810
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Hofmann M - - 1999
Uptake of bile acids into the liver cell occurs via active transport or passive diffusion. In a model system, passive diffusion was studied in liposomes using pyranine fluorescence. Rate constants for the diffusion of diverse more polar or more apolar bile acids were examined. Hydrophobic lithocholic acid (LCA) revealed a ...
Trauner M - - 1999
Ursodeoxycholic acid (ursodiol) is a non-toxic, hydrophilic bile acid used to treat predominantly cholestatic liver disorders. Better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of ursodeoxycholic acid has helped to elucidate its cytoprotective, anti-apoptotic, immunomodulatory and choleretic effects. Ursodeoxycholic acid prolongs survival in primary biliary cirrhosis and it ...
Angelico M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of ursodeoxycholic acid after liver transplantation is controversial. Tauroursodeoxycholic acid, the natural taurine-amidate, is a highly hydrophilic and cytoprotective bile salt currently under investigation. AIMS: To investigate the clinical usefulness of tauroursodeoxycholic acid after liver transplantation. PATIENTS: Thirty-three patients undergoing liver transplantation entered the study. METHODS: Sixteen ...
Tanaka M - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hydrophobic bile acids, such as deoxycholic acid produce cholestatic liver injury. Ursodeoxycholic acid has been shown to be useful in the treatment of cholestatic liver disease. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the effects of deoxycholic acid or ursodeoxycholic acid (1% of diet, for 14 days) and their combination ...
- - 1999
(1) Pamidronic acid, a diphosphonate, is now approved for intravenous treatment of Paget's disease in France. Treatment is given over two to three days, in hospital, and can be repeated six months later. (2) The clinical file contains only non comparative trial data suggesting that a total dose of 180-210 ...
Funaoka M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid is used in the treatment of acute and chronic intrahepatic cholestasis because it ameliorates cholestasis and protects hepatocytes. However, few studies have examined the effect of bile acids on the function of Kupffer cells. METHODS: The effect of various bile acids on cultured rat Kupffer cells was ...
Cotellessa C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Several chemical agents including hydroquinone, retinoic acid, and azelaic acid are currently used in the treatment of cutaneous hyperpigmentations. Recently chemical peelings with kojic acid, glycolic acid, and trichloroacetic acid, either alone or in combination, have been introduced for treatment of hyperpigmentations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was ...
Maddin S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although it is important for physicians to have sufficient clinical data on which to base treatment decisions, little comparative data exist regarding newer treatment modalities for rosacea. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of topical azelaic acid 20% cream and topical metronidazole ...
Combes B B University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX, - - 1999
Bile acid composition in fasting duodenal bile was assessed at entry and at 2 years in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) (10-12 mg/kg/d) taken as a single bedtime dose. Specimens were analyzed by a high-pressure liquid chromatography method ...
Veysey M J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Treatment of acromegaly with octreotide increases the proportion of deoxycholic acid in, and the cholesterol saturation of, bile and induces the formation of gallstones. Prolongation of intestinal transit has been proposed as the mechanism for the increase in the proportion of deoxycholic acid in bile. AIMS: To study the ...
Wong F - - 1999
Systemic arterial vasodilatation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sodium retention in cirrhosis. Hydrophobic bile acids, which have vasodilatory actions, may be involved. Ursodeoxycholic acid, a hydrophilic bile acid, could potentially decrease systemic arterial vasodilatation, possibly due to its antioxidant effects, and improve sodium handling in cirrhosis. The effects ...
Ochsenkühn T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Hyperproliferation of the colorectal mucosa is regarded as an early step in colorectal carcinogenesis. Deoxycholic acid, a secondary bile acid, stimulates colorectal epithelial proliferation in animals and is considered a tumor promoter in human colorectal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between colorectal mucosal ...
Lim J T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Melasma is difficult to clear. Many agents have been used, such as hydroquinone, and glycolic acid and glycolic acid peels, kojic acid, a tyrosinase inhibitor in the fungus Aspergilline oryzae. OBJECTIVE: To see if the addition of 2% kojic acid in a gel containing 10% glycolic acid and 2% ...
Burlina A B - - 1999
Disorders of amino acid and organic acid metabolism collectively represent a group of over 70 inherited diseases that are most frequently encountered in the neonatal period. A neonate with clinical symptoms caused by one of these disorders is a real clinical emergency, a situation complicated by the similarities to the ...
Lanzarotto F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Stimulated bile acid synthesis preferentially utilises newly synthesised cholesterol, raising the possibility that combination of simvastatin (an inhibitor of cholesterol synthesis) with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA; a stimulator of bile acid synthesis) may result in reduced bile acid synthesis and greater enrichment of the pool with UDCA than that achieved ...
- - 1999
Primary biliary cirrhosis is a progressive chronic liver disease estimated to affect up to 1 in 4000 people in the UK. Patients with end-stage disease or an associated poor quality of life commonly need a liver transplant. Traditionally, drugs have offered little help as their benefits are modest and their ...
Atzori L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Glycolic acid chemical peels have been widely accepted as a useful modality in many cutaneous conditions characterized by abnormalities of keratinization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of glycolic peels in the main clinical forms of acne. METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 1996, ...
Osman M O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To establish and monitor a rabbit model of graded severity of acute pancreatitis to test the hypothesis that interleukin-8 (IL-8) and the adhesion molecule complex CD11b/CD18 are involved in the development of systemic complications in severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Acute pancreatitis induction in rabbits by duct ligation with or ...
Invernizzi P - - 1999
The clinical effectiveness of ursodeoxycholate in the treatment of liver disease may be limited by its poor absorption and extensive biotransformation. Because in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that the more hydrophilic bile acid tauroursodeoxycholate has greater beneficial effects than ursodeoxycholate, we have compared for the first time the ...
Mamianetti A - - 1999
Epidemiological studies have shown a positive association between cholesterol gallstones and colonic cancer. These two diseases may be somehow related with bile acids metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the profiles of fecal bile acid in gallstone patients, in order to estimate the quality and amount ...
Carstensen J T - - 1999
This article presents a method for obtaining mass transfer dissolution rate constants of polydisperse, particulate solids under given hydrodynamic conditions. Oxalic acid, salicylic acid, and phthalimide were recrystallized and classified into various mesh cuts, which were then subjected to dissolution in a USP dissolution apparatus II. Expressions were derived for ...
Iwaki T - - 1998
We investigated the effects of three bile acids conjugated with N-acetylglucosamine, ursodeoxycholate N-acetylglucosaminide, tauroursodeoxycholate N-acetylglucosaminide and glycoursodeoxycholate N-acetylglucosaminide, on bile flow and biliary excretion of various markers in comparison with ursodeoxycholic acid, tauroursodeoxycholic acid and glycoursodeoxycholic acid in bile fistula rats. These bile acids were infused intravenously at a constant ...
Brites D - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is characterised by increased levels of serum bile acids. Ursodeoxycholic acid therapy corrects the serum bile acid profile. The aims of this study were: (i) to investigate bile acid excretion into colostrum of women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy; (ii) to compare concentrations of bile ...
Jung B - - 1998
The underlying molecular mechanisms of the tumor-promoting activity of bile acids such as chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA) and the protective effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) remain largely unclear. Using RNA arbitrarily primed PCR (RAP-PCR) for differential display, we identified, cloned and sequenced differentially expressed transcripts after treating ...
Lindor K D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) improves liver biochemistries and enriches the bile with UDCA in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether the degree of enrichment of bile correlated with that of serum and whether either of these measures correlated with improvement in measures ...
Kakita L S - - 1998
This multicenter, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group, 24-week clinical study compared the efficacy of the combination of azelaic acid 20% cream and glycolic acid 15% or 20% lotion with hydroquinone 4% in the treatment of facial hyperpigmentation in darker-skinned patients. At week 24, overall improvement and reduction in lesion area, pigmentary intensity, ...
Crosignani A - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tauroursodeoxycholic acid is a promising drug for the treatment of chronic cholestatic liver diseases since it has more favourable physicochemical and metabolic properties than ursodeoxycholic acid. Tauroursodeoxycholic acid may be of benefit also for necroinflammatory liver disease, especially for HCV-related chronic hepatitis in which bile duct damage and some ...
Merdink J L - - 1998
Conflicting data have been published related to the formation of dichloroacetate (DCA) from trichloroethylene (TRI), chloral hydrate (CH), or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) in B6C3F1 mice. TCA is usually indicated as the primary metabolic precursor to DCA. Model simulations based on the known pharmacokinetics of TCA and DCA predicted blood concentrations ...
Lowe N J - - 1998
This multicenter, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group study assessed the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of azelaic acid 20% cream compared with those of its vehicle for the treatment of facial hyperpigmentation in darker-skinned patients (phototypes IV to VI). Following a 24-week treatment period, azelaic acid produced significantly greater decreases in pigmentary intensity ...
Batta A K - - 1998
5-Aminosalicylic acid conjugate of ursodeoxycholic acid was synthesized in above 90% yield by adding a basic solution of 5-aminosalicylic acid into the mixed anhydride formed with ursodeoxycholic acid and ethyl chloroformate. The 5-aminosalicylic acid conjugate of ursodeoxycholic acid was poorly secreted into the bile and was deconjugated with cholylglycine hydrolase ...
Spellman M C - - 1998
We conducted a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group study of the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of azelaic acid 20% cream and glycolic acid lotion compared with tretinoin 0.025% cream and a vehicle lotion to treat mild-to-moderate facial acne vulgaris. Patients treated with azelaic/glycolic acid experienced a significantly greater reduction in ...
Navaratnam V - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: A single cross-over, comparative pharmacokinetic study of oral and rectal formulations of 200 mg artesunic acid in 12 healthy Malaysian volunteers is reported. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of artesunic acid and dihydroartemisinin were determined simultaneously by HPLC with electrochemical detection. The test drug was well tolerated and no undesirable adverse ...
Rodrigues C M - - 1998
The hydrophilic bile salt ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) protects against the membrane-damaging effects associated with hydrophobic bile acids. This study was undertaken to (a) determine if UDCA inhibits apoptosis from deoxycholic acid (DCA), as well as from ethanol, TGF-beta1, Fas ligand, and okadaic acid; and to (b) determine whether mitochondrial membrane ...
Ricci P - - 1998
We postulated that coadministration of cholylsarcosine with ursodeoxycholic acid might provide additional benefit to primary biliary cirrhosis patients with an incomplete response to ursodeoxycholic acid. Our aim was to test the tolerability and the effect of adjuvant cholylsarcosine on liver tests and plasma cholesterol in primary biliary cirrhosis patients receiving ...
Zukowski T H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: A variety of autoimmune conditions occur in association with primary biliary cirrhosis. Among these conditions are sicca syndrome, Raynaud's phenomenon, arthritis, and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Information is sparse regarding the prevalence and natural history of these conditions when associated with primary biliary cirrhosis and their response to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment. ...
Serrano M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The existence of impairment in bile acid transport across the placenta during intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid treatment (1 g/day) were investigated. METHODS: Kinetic parameters were calculated from experiments carried out on membrane vesicles obtained from basal (TPMb, fetal-facing) and apical (TPMa, maternal-facing) trophoblast ...
Lucangioli S E - - 1998
A cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CD-MEKC) method has been developed and validated for purity determination of two bile acids, ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA). Quantitation of related impurities such as lithocholic acid (LCA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), cholic acid (CA), and DCA in UDCA and CA in DCA was ...
Thibault P K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Low-strength daily formulations of glycolic acid are widely promoted for the treatment of photoaging. However, there are few clinical studies that objectively confirm the benefits of such formulations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 5% unneutralized formulation of glycolic acid in the ...
Nakashima T - - 1998
The aim of the present study was to clarify whether bile acids influence chemiluminescence (CL) in the liver in vivo. Hepatic CL was determined on the surface of the liver of anaesthetized rats by using a photon counter. In normal rats, hepatic CL was significantly decreased 30 min after enteral ...
Brites D - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is characterized by pruritus and increased levels of serum bile acids, and is often associated with premature delivery, fetal distress, and perinatal mortality. The aims of the present study were: (i) to better define the serum bile acid profile in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and ...
Martinez J D - - 1998
Epidemiological studies have suggested that the concentration and composition of fecal bile acids are important determining factors in the etiology of colon cancer. However, the mechanism by which these compounds influence tumor development is not understood. To begin to elucidate their mechanism of action, four bile acids, cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic ...
Lindblad A - - 1998
The efficacy of 2 years of treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in cystic fibrosis (CF)-associated liver disease was evaluated by liver biopsies and liver function tests in 10 patients aged 8 to 28 years. The metabolism of UDCA was investigated by analysis of urinary bile acids with fast atom bombardment ...
Takikawa H - - 1997
The absorption of ursodeoxycholate and its tauro-conjugate by the jejunum and the terminal ileum of rat intestine was compared with that of other unconjugated bile acids and taurocholate. In the ligated jejunum, the efficacy of absorption of unconjugated bile acids was in the following order: ursodeoxycholate = deoxycholate > chenodeoxycholate ...
Meng L J - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS AND METHODS: The mechanism(s) behind the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on serum steroid sulphate profiles in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is not clear. Conjugated progesterone metabolites and bile acids have therefore been analysed in serum and urine of patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy before and during ...
Lafuma A - - 1997
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long term comparative outcome of intermittent courses of therapy with low-dosage tiludronic acid (400 mg/day) versus etidronic acid in patients with Paget's disease of bone. The long term outcome was evaluated by means of a model, as the number of complications ...
Bortolini O - - 1997
The bile acids in mammals are all derivatives of 5 beta-cholan-26-oic acid. They represent the major quantitative pathway by which cholesterol is metabolized in the body. This article covers the microbial and enzymatic transformations of free, saturated bile acids, that kept unaltered the C-24 cyclopentane-perhydrophenantrene nucleus. The bile acids that ...
Cao S - - 1997
Recent advancements in liver transplantation have resulted in extended survival both for grafts and recipients. Such improvement, together with the shortage of donor organs has prompted expansion of the donor pool to include less than ideal donors, especially in life-threatening situations. The use of older liver donors has been associated ...
Zakko S F - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ethyl propionate and isopropyl acetate were identified as gallstone solvents with more favorable physicochemical properties than the currently used solvent methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). In this study, their efficacy and toxicity were compared. METHODS: To compare efficacy, matched stones from 33 patients were subjected to dissolution with ...
González-Koch A - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many therapies have been tried in primary biliary cirrhosis. It has been suggested that a combination of ursodeoxycholic acid and methotrexate may offer advantages. Because the benefit and safety of this combination is uncertain, we conducted this prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with well-defined primary biliary ...
Batta A K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of short term feeding of ursocholic acid, a hydrophilic bile acid, as the unconjugated acid and the taurine conjugate, on clinical and biochemical features and bile acid metabolism with that of ursodeoxycholic acid in four patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. METHODS: Four patients with stage ...
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