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Roncaglia Nadia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of S-adenosyl-l-methionine and ursodeoxycholic acid in improving serum biochemical abnormalities in gestational cholestasis. DESIGN: Randomised clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. POPULATION: All women at <36 weeks of gestation with severe gestational cholestasis during June 1996 to December 2001. METHODS: Enrolled women were randomly assigned oral ...
Bagnato G - - 2004
Spa therapy is an ancient approach to degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis, but until today this tradition has been predominantly empiric and intuitive and few studies have focused on the biological changes derived from this treatment. We assessed the clinical efficacy and variations in amino acid concentrations in serum samples ...
Kloepfer A - - 2004
A number of 2-substituted benzothiazoles that are known to be used as fungicides, corrosion inhibitors and vulcanization accelerators in industry have been analyzed in municipal wastewater and the effluents of activated sludge and membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment over a three month period. All six analytes were regularly detected in the ...
Raes K - - 2003
The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences in biochemical, sensorial and quality characteristics of retail beef in Belgium. Four types of beef (Belgian Blue double-muscled, Limousin, Irish and Argentine) and two different muscles (longissimus lumborum and semimembranosus) were bought at the retail level and compared with regard ...
Wong Ping-Nam PN Renal Unit, Department of Medicine, Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2003
Hyperglycolic hyperoxaluria is an important biochemical diagnostic hallmark for primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1). Biochemical work-up on urinary specimens becomes impossible after the development end-stage renal failure and anuria. We studied the diagnostic value of determining glycolic acid content in peritoneal dialysate effluent in PH1. We performed a comparative study ...
James Laura P - - 2003
The design of studies to evaluate the efficacy of acid-lowering drugs in children differs significantly from study designs in adult populations. Efficacy measurements may be less extensive than those used in adult studies because of limitations that exist secondary to concerns for patient safety, parental and institutional review board acceptance ...
Heemskerk Jeroen - - 2003
Massive small bowel resection often leads to long-term parenteral nutrition. The authors present a term-born, 3-day-old boy with midgut volvulus in whom only 17 cm of small bowel was left after resection. This patient was weaned from parenteral nutrition after 7 months. Temporary parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis was treated with ursodeoxycholic ...
Zollner Gernot - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adaptive changes in transporter expression in liver and kidney provide alternative excretory pathways for biliary constituents during cholestasis and may thus attenuate liver injury. Whether adaptive changes in ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter expression are stimulated by bile acids and their nuclear receptor FXR is unknown. METHODS: Hepatic, renal and ...
Shimizu Toshihiro - - 2003
Lansoprazole fast-disintegrating tablets (LFDT) are a patient-friendly formulation that rapidly disintegrates in the mouth. LFDT consist of enteric-coated microgranules (mean particle size, approximately 300 microm) and inactive granules. In the design of the inactive granules, mannitol was used as a basic excipient. Microcrystalline cellulose, low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose (L-HPC), and crospovidone ...
Lanzini A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Whether ileal absorption of bile acid is up or downregulated in chronic cholestasis is still debated, and most evidence has come from animal studies. AIMS: To compare ileal bile acid absorption in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and in healthy control subjects, and to assess the effect of ...
Xiao Zuo-Liang - - 2003
The pathogenesis of acute cholecystitis (AC) is controversial. Bile acids may be involved in the pathogenesis of AC because the hydrophobic chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) reproduced in vitro the muscle dysfunction observed in AC and was prevented by the hydrophilic ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). The present study examined the in vivo effects ...
Fuchs Katie O - - 2003
A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted to determine if estradiol and glycolic acid creams produced a significant reversal of epidermal and dermal markers of aging and if the cumulative effect of the creams was greater than either alone. Sixty-five patients applied a cream containing 0.01% estradiol or 15% glycolic ...
Pandey Manoj - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is a common neoplasm of biliary tract, with an unknown etiology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out to evaluate the changes in the membrane fatty acid profile and saturation index in patients with gallbladder cancer. The study sample consisted of 50 newly diagnosed cases of ...
Gorelik J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the therapeutic agents ursodeoxycholic acid and dexamethasone protect cardiomyocytes from taurocholate-induced arrhythmias in an in vitro model. DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: Imperial College London, Hammersmith Campus. SAMPLE: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Using scanning ion conductance microscopy, we measured the rate, rhythm, amplitude of contraction and calcium ...
Ma Ji - - 2003
The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the resultant increased nitric oxide production are associated with endotoxemia and atherosclerotic lesions observed in transplant hearts or balloon-injured artery. Ursodeoxycholic acid has been shown to have cardiovascular protective effects, such as inhibition of the development of transplant arteriosclerosis, but its ...
Grover C - - 2003
Chemical peeling or chemexfoliation has become increasingly popular in recent years for treatment of a number of cosmetic skin problems. Topical glycolic acid in the concentration of 10-30% for 3-5 minutes at fortnightly intervals was investigated as a therapeutic peeling agent in 41 patients having acne (39%), melasma (36.5%), post ...
Jalan Rajiv - - 2003
This study tests the hypothesis that administration of an oral amino acid load mimicking hemoglobin in patients with cirrhosis of the liver causes deterioration in neuropsychological function and a reduction in regional cerebral perfusion. Eight overnight fasted, metabolically stable cirrhotic patients with no evidence of overt hepatic encephalopathy were studied ...
Akuta Norio - - 2003
Patients with low titer (<0.5 mEq/ml) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2a achieve high and sustained response (SR) rates to interferon (IFN) monotherapy, but we also encounter patients who are resistant to therapy. We explored the relationship between response to IFN and virological differences in such patients. We evaluated ...
Kaidbey Kays - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) are widely used as ingredients in cosmetics. Several studies suggest that AHAs can increase the sensitivity of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light. PURPOSE: This study was performed in order to determine whether short-term dermal treatment with glycolic acid, a representative AHA, can enhance the damaging effects ...
Rolo Anabela P - - 2003
The accumulation of endogenous bile acids contributes to hepatocellular damage during cholestatic liver disease. To examine the controversy regarding the therapeutic use of ursodeoxycholate (UDCA) in cholestatic patients, we investigated the possible cytoprotection or synergistic effects of UDCA against chenodeoxycholate (CDCA)-induced injury to isolated rat hepatocytes. Our aim was to ...
Yu Zhiling - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of tazarotene cream 0.1% under standard (face only) or exaggerated (15% body surface area, including the face) application conditions after a single dose and after repeat topical applications once daily to patients with acne vulgaris or photodamaged skin. METHODS: Two separate, randomised, single-centre, ...
Marion-Ferey K - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of 21 decontamination procedures, for the removal of a multispecies biofilm. Experiments were performed on five-day-old biofilms grown inside silicone tubing, using a reactor system that mimics a dialysis machine. The treatments were tested on 5 cm tubing samples. Effects ...
Venneman Niels G - - 2003
Microlithiasis is the underlying cause in a significant proportion of patients with "idiopathic" acute pancreatitis. The mechanism appears to be a relative deficiency of phosphatidylcholine in bile, with fast and extensive cholesterol crystallization as a result. Diagnosis of microlithiasis by microscopic detection of cholesterol crystals in bile is important and ...
Chen W - - 2003
Bile acids have been used for treating primary sclerosing cholangitis, but their beneficial and harmful effects remain unclear. To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of bile acids for patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis. We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group's Trials Register, The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Chinese ...
Tietge Uwe J F - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on plasma levels and splanchnic turnover of key amino acids for muscular (branched-chain amino acids: BCAAs) and hepatic metabolism (aromatic amino acids (AAAs) and methionine) in 48 patients with cirrhosis, 14 patients after OLT, and ...
Hurley Mary E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Melasma is an acquired hypermelanosis that is often recalcitrant to treatment with hypopigmenting agents. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of 4% hydroquinone cream vs 4% hydroquinone cream combined with glycolic acid peels as treatment for melasma. METHODS: Twenty-one Hispanic women with bilateral epidermal and mixed melasma were enrolled in ...
Woitas R P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) in healthy humans can be induced by amino acid stimulation. The rise in GFR from baseline to maximum is referred to as the renal functional reserve (RFR). Recently, we showed that the RFR is preserved in patients with compensated ...
Wang David Q-H - - 2002
This study investigated whether beta-muricholic acid, a natural trihydroxy hydrophilic bile acid of rodents, acts as a biliary cholesterol-desaturating agent to prevent cholesterol gallstones and if it facilitates the dissolution of gallstones compared with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). For gallstone prevention study, gallstone-susceptible male C57L mice were fed 8 weeks with ...
Kitagawa Kakuya - - 2002
Dynamic myocardial SPECT data acquired with 15-(123)I-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) were analyzed by the Rutland method. The relative time-activity curves generated from dynamic SPECT in normal control subjects were compared with similar curves from patients with established ischemic heart disease (IHD) and doxorubicin-induced myocardial damage (DxMD). Comparison of such time-activity curves ...
Iida Takashi - - 2002
Epimeric 3alpha,7alpha,16- and 3alpha,7alpha,15-trihydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-oic acids and some related compounds were synthesized from chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), respectively. The key reaction involved one-step remote oxyfunctionalization of unactivated methine carbons at C-17 of CDCA and at C-14 of UDCA as their methyl ester-peracetate derivatives with dimethyldioxirane (DMDO). After dehydration ...
Yeh Yen-Hung - - 2002
Attempts are made to elucidate the effect of bile acid chenodeoxycholic acid on the toxicity of bile alcohol 5alpha-cyprinol in rats. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into four groups and treated orally at 3-days periodic treatment with each 160 mg/kg of 5alpha-cyprinol sulfate/chenodeoxycholic acid (9:1), 5alpha-cyprinol sulfate and chenodeoxycholic ...
Honda Shigeru - - 2002
In order to treat a hyperammonemic patient with adult-onset type-II citrullinemia (CTLN2), sodium phenylacetate powder was prepared from chemical reagent grade phenylacetic acid in Gunma University Hospital. After purification by recrystalization, phenylacetic acid was neutralized with sodium carbonate and dried at 70 degrees C under reduced pressure. A solution of ...
Kobayashi Norihiro - - 2002
Urinary levels of sulfated metabolites of lithocholic acid (LCA) are expected to be a useful index of liver function. Thus, a sensitive, specific, and feasible enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of these sulfated LCA metabolites (LCA-Suls) should be established. A newly generated monoclonal antibody specific to glycolithocholic acid sulfate (glycine-amidated LCA-Sul ...
Paumgartner Gustav - - 2002
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UCDA) is increasingly used for the treatment of cholestatic liver diseases. Experimental evidence suggests three major mechanisms of action: (1) protection of cholangiocytes against cytotoxicity of hydrophobic bile acids, resulting from modulation of the composition of mixed phospholipid-rich micelles, reduction of bile acid cytotoxicity of bile and, possibly, ...
van Gorkom B A P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been shown to affect membrane-damaging effects of bile acids in vitro and fecal bile acid composition in rats. This study evaluates the effect of UDCA on fecal bile acid composition and on cytolytic activity of fecal water in man to clarify the potential chemopreventive role ...
Paolini Moreno - - 2002
To investigate whether ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) can prevent metabolic impairment induced by deoxycholic acid (DCA), we evaluated the effects of these bile acids on murine CYP enzymes and the relationship with canalicular bile salt export pump (Bsep) expression. In Swiss Albino CD1 mice, UDCA and DCA were injected intraperitoneally either ...
Ruiz-Rodriguez R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The visible signs of photodamage are characterized by wrinkling, coarse skin texture, pigmentation alterations, telangiectases, and in some case actinic keratosis (AKs). Intense pulsed light (IPL) photorejuvenation has been shown to improve each of the different components of photodamaged skin except AKs. OBJECTIVE: To present photodynamic therapy with topical ...
Rudolph G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and its taurine conjugate (TUDCA) exert a protective effect in cholestatic liver diseases. A greater hepatoprotective effect of TUDCA has been suggested. Absorption appears to be a limiting factor and up to now has not been studied in man. METHODS: We studied absorption and biliary bile ...
Hillebrant C-G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid and also, to some degree, statins reduces cholesterol saturation of bile. The present study aimed [1] to study the effects of combined treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid and pravastatin on hepatic cholesterol metabolism and [2] to evaluate if the addition of pravastatin to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment ...
Azzaroli Francesco - - 2002
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) can protect hepatocytes from apoptosis induced by a variety of stimuli including anti-Fas antibody. However, in vivo the Fas receptor is activated by its natural ligand, Fas-L, whereas anti-Fas antibodies are not a physiologic stimulus. We therefore have assessed the anti-apoptotic effects of UDCA and other bile ...
- - 2002
(1) In 1996 the evidence, though limited, suggested that the hydrophilic bile acid ursodeoxycholic acid slowed the progression of primary biliary cirrhosis. Given the absence of an effective alternative, we considered that the treatment was "A real advance" in this setting. (2) The file is far bulkier now. A meta-analysis ...
Holt David W - - 2002
The immunosuppressive agent mycophenolate mofetil is a prodrug for the active compound mycophenolic acid. Following organ transplantation, it is used mostly in combination with other immunosuppressive drugs, but it has also been used as primary therapy. Although in the pivotal clinical studies the drug was given in fixed doses, there ...
Santoro Pasquale - - 2002
In this study, we have investigated the effect of hydrophobic and hydrophilic unconjugated bile acids (UBAs)-ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), lithocholic acid, and colic acid-on chemotaxis in adult and neonatal human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). The trypan blue exclusion dye test was preliminarily performed to determine the toxicity of the ...
Günsar Cüneyt - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Total parenteral nutrition causes many complications such as cholestasis. Ursodeoxycholic acid is used for the treatment of several cholestatic problems. Metronidazole was investigated before for preventing some components of total parenteral nutrition-associated hepatic dysfunction. This study was designed to investigate the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid alone and ursodeoxycholic acid ...
Bampton P A - - 2002
We aimed to determine whether rectal distension and/or infusion of bile acids stimulates propagating or nonpropagating activity in the unprepared proximal colon in 10 healthy volunteers using a nasocolonic manometric catheter (16 recording sites at 7.5-cm spacing). Sensory thresholds and proximal colonic motor responses were assessed following rectal distension by ...
Rolo Anabela P - - 2002
Cholestasis results from hepatocyte dysfunction due to the accumulation of bile acids in the cell, many of which are known to be cytotoxic. Recent evidence implicates competitive antagonism of key cytotoxic responses as the mechanism by which certain therapeutic bile acids might afford cytoprotection against cholestasis. In this work, we ...
Angulo Paul - - 2002
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), the 7beta-epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid, has multiple hepatoprotective activities. UDCA modifies the bile acid pool, decreasing levels of endogenous, hydrophobic bile acids while increasing the proportion of nontoxic hydrophilic bile acids. UDCA has a choleretic effect, increasing hepatocellular bile acid excretion, as well as cytoprotective, antiapoptotic, and ...
Vereecken P - - 2002
Azelaic acid has been used to treat different hyperpigmentary disorders because of its antimelanocyte activity. The efficacy of azelaic acid in the treatment of lentigo maligna and melanoma has already been described and this local treatment is considered by some as an alternative agent when other forms of therapy are ...
Montet Anne-Marie - - 2002
This study tested the hypothesis that chronic ethanol-induced injury in rats may be modified by the hydrophobicity of the bile acid pool. The supplementation to chronic ethanol feeding (28 days) with chenodeoxycholate, a hydrophobic bile salt, aggravated steatosis (accumulation of triacylglycerols and cholesterol esters), lipoperoxidation and cytolysis (expressed as elevations ...
Veysey M J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Octreotide inhibits gall bladder emptying and prolongs intestinal transit. This leads to increases in the proportion of deoxycholic acid in, and cholesterol saturation of, gall bladder bile, factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of octreotide induced gall stones. AIMS: To see if an intestinal prokinetic, cisapride, could overcome these ...
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