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Results 501 - 550 of 817
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Heller F R - - 1990
The authors make a review of the literature and of their personal experience about the possible mechanisms of action and the beneficial therapeutic effects of ursodeoxycholic acid in primary biliary cirrhosis. They postulate that owing to its hydrophilic properties, ursodeoxycholic acid is more efficiently absorbed by the ileum than the ...
Fasano A - - 1990
To define the action of deconjugated bile acids on the small intestinal permeability in an in vitro system, we investigated the effects of chenodeoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid on the rate of transmural flux of lactulose in jejunal and ileal mucosa of rabbits, stripped of their muscle layers and mounted ...
Tint G S - - 1990
Guinea pig gallbladder bile contains chenodeoxycholic acid (62 +/- 5%), ursodeoxycholic acid (8 +/- 5%), and 7-ketolithocholic acid (30 +/- 5%). All three bile acids became labeled to the same specific activity within 30 min after [3H]cholesterol was injected into bile fistula guinea pigs. When a mixture of [3H]ursodeoxycholic acid ...
Schmassmann A - - 1990
The effect of dietary administration of four different amino acid (N-acyl) conjugates of ursodeoxycholic acid on biliary bile acid composition, liver tests and hepatic morphology by light microscopy was examined in the rabbit. Each group of four to five rabbits received a chow diet supplemented with a single conjugate of ...
Logan G M - - 1990
The effects of lovastatin and ursodeoxycholic acid on cholesterol saturation of gallbladder bile were examined, alone and in combination. Nine volunteers were studied before any treatment and after each of three treatment periods: lovastatin, 40 mg, twice a day; ursodeoxycholic acid, 10 mg/kg per day; and the combination of both ...
Larsen B H - - 1990
In a double-blind cross-over study we compared tolfenamic acid with paracetamol in out-patients with common migraine (migraine without aura). Each patient was treated during (at least) 4 attacks with one of the following alternatives: tolfenamic acid 200 mg, tolfenamic acid 400 mg, paracetamol 500 mg or paracetamol 1000 mg in ...
Stenvinkel P - - 1990
The fasting peripheral serum concentrations of cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, deoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid were determined in a total of 32 patients with uraemia. Eighteen of the patients suffered from diarrhoea. A highly accurate and specific mass-fragmentographic technique with high sensitivity was used to measure the concentrations of the ...
Nelson P E - - 1990
Methyl tert-butyl ether rapidly dissolves cholesterol gallstones, although insoluble debris may remain. Total gallstone dissolution could be achieved if safe solvents for these noncholesterol components can be developed. We evaluated the in vitro ability of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, citrate, dimethyl sulfoxide, and ionic or nonionic detergents to dissolve the predominantly calcium ...
Takikawa H - - 1990
The reason for the discrepancy between bile flow and biliary bile acid excretion during ursodeoxycholate infusion in rats is unknown. We found that ursodeoxycholate-glucuronide is formed during ursodeoxycholate infusion at higher doses. Ursodeoxycholate infusion (1 to 3 mumol/min/100 gm body weight) for 90 min caused marked hypercholeresis, and the previously ...
Lotterer E - - 1990
In an open, exploratory study, the safety of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) was investigated. Seven patients in stages I to III and two patients in stage IV were treated for 1 year with 1 g/day of UDCA. Clinical symptoms, and alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, ...
Matejka M - - 1990
The modification in the composition of bile acids in hamster by the administration of high dose of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) was investigated. Male Golden Syrian hamsters were divided into five groups: a control group, two groups that received 0.5 g of UDCA per 100 g of standard diet during 30 ...
Podda M - - 1990
Hydrophobic bile acids have been shown to be hepatotoxic, whereas treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid, a hydrophilic bile acid, has improved liver function indices in patients with chronic liver disease. Taurine administration has also been suggested to be useful for chronic hepatitis, taurine-conjugated bile acids being more hydrophilic than glycine-conjugated bile ...
Lanzini A - - 1990
We have used a duodenal perfusion technique to study the effect of chronic administration of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on postprandial pancreatic enzyme secretion and gallbladder emptying. Duodenal output and hepatic secretion rate of bile acid were also measured. Six gallstone subjects were studied during an evening meal and an overnight ...
Cohen B I - - 1990
The aim of the present study is to examine the efficacy of 6-hydroxy substituted bile acids on the prevention of cholesterol gallstones in a new hamster model of cholesterol cholelithiasis. Male golden Syrian hamsters were fed a nutritionally adequate semipurified lithogenic diet consisting of casein, cornstarch, soluble starch, butterfat, corn ...
Stiehl A - - 1990
The effects of ursodeoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid on the small-intestinal absorption of endogenous bile acids were studied in patients with ileostomies who served as a model to investigate small-intestinal absorption in humans. In the control period, the eight patients excreted 327 +/- 91 (mean +/- standard error of the ...
Lanzini A - - 1990
Over the past 3 years there has been a renewed interest in bile acid therapy not only because of the promising results obtained by combining this therapy with extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy for rapid gallstone dissolution, but also because of its novel use as a treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis. This ...
Lanzini A - - 1990
We have carried out overnight measurements of hepatic secretion rate and duodenal output of biliary lipids using a duodenal perfusion technique. We correlated these measurements with the fasting state mass of biliary lipids within the gall bladder on the following morning using a combined nasoduodenal intubation and isotope scanning technique. ...
Nakashima T - - 1990
Urinary bile acids from 20 patients treated with chenodeoxycholate, 18 treated with ursodeoxycholate, 15 treated with rifampicin and 8 patients with advanced cirrhosis were analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography and gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Occurrence rates and amounts of three so-called unusual trihydroxy bile acids, hyocholate, ursocholate and omega-muricholate, were increased in ...
Malavolti M - - 1990
The effect of changes of both the rate of secretion and the composition of bile acids on biliary proteins was studied in a bile fistula hamster model. Biliary protein secretion as well as bile flow and bile acid secretion were studied in response to intravenous infusions of low, medium and ...
Calmus Y - - 1990
Aberrant hepatic expression of HLA molecules has been shown to be present in primary biliary cirrhosis and may play a determining role in the pathogenesis of the disease. We have studied the effect of the long-term administration of ursodeoxycholic acid on hepatic HLA expression. Nine untreated patients with primary biliary ...
Batta A K - - 1989
We have studied the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on the serum and urinary bile acids in seven patients with moderate to severe primary biliary cirrhosis. Bile acids were characterized by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and quantified by capillary gas-liquid chromatography. Serum bile acids were elevated 26-fold over control values, with 2.2 ...
Maeda Y - - 1989
Hydrolysis of ursodeoxycholyl-p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA-UDCA), a synthetic bile acid conjugate used for the evaluation of the activity of intestinal bacterial growth, was studied with pancreatic enzymes, carboxypeptidase A, carboxypeptidase B, trypsin alpha-chymotrypsin, cholylglycine hydrolase, liver homogenate, small intestinal homogenates, and plasma, in comparison with the hydrolysis of glycocholic acid, ursodeoxycholyl-L-leucine ...
Salen G - - 1989
The balance between the synthesis of cholesterol and bile acids in the liver is a key factor in the formation of gallstones. Patients with cholesterol gallstones have been shown to have higher rates of hepatic cholesterol synthesis and lower rates of bile acid synthesis than control subjects, as measured by ...
Roda E - - 1989
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been reported to improve liver function tests when administered to patients with cholestatic liver diseases, such as primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). However, its effects on biliary lipid metabolism in patients with PBC are still unknown. In this study we report the effect that UDCA (600 mg/day, ...
Ballantyne G H - - 1989
The purpose of this study was 1) to measure the effect of graded concentrations of oleic acid and deoxycholic acid (DCA) on the release of peptide YY (PYY) and enteroglucagon and 2) to test whether DCA-stimulated release of PYY was neurally mediated by blocking neuronal conduction with tetrodotoxin. Studies were ...
Leuschner U - - 1989
We studied the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on 18 women and 2 men with primary biliary cirrhosis, mainly stages I and II. After a 3-mo observation period, patients were randomized to a 9-mo treatment period with ursodeoxycholic acid, 10 mg/kg.day, or placebo. Two patients on placebo left the study. In ...
Crestani M - - 1989
The effect of chenodeoxycholic (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic (UDCA), tauroursodeoxycholic (TUDCA), cholic (CA), ursocholic (UCA) acids, analogues of CDCA and UDCA with a cyclopropyl ring at C22, C23 (cypro-CDCA and cypro-UDCA) and 23-methylursodeoxycholic acid (MUDCA) on cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase was studied in rat liver microsomes. Cypro-analogues consisted of a mixture of four ...
Davenport A - - 1989
Total amino acid losses were measured daily in the ultrafiltrate collected from eight patients with acute renal failure treated by continuous high-flux venovenous hemofiltration. All patients had type-1 respiratory failure and required mechanical ventilation. Four patients also suffered cardiogenic shock and were dependent on two or more inotropic drugs; the ...
Hofmann A F - - 1989
The rationale, safety, and efficacy of cholesterol gallstone dissolution by orally administered ursodiol, chenodiol, or a combination of the two agents are summarized herein. Bile must be supersaturated in cholesterol for gallstones to form, and desaturation of bile by orally administered bile acids induces gradual stone dissolution. The mechanism of ...
Collett M G - - 1989
Investigation into an outbreak of suspected photosensitivity in Boer goats grazing green oats (Avena sativa) led to the finding of microscopical parenchymal crystaloid material and biliary microliths in the livers of 3 ewes that were killed for necropsy. Neither Tribulus terrestris nor Panicum spp. occurred on the farm. Further investigation ...
Sauerbruch T - - 1989
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in combination with adjuvant litholytic therapy using chenodeoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid (7 to 8 mg/kg body weight/day of each acid) is a safe and effective, novel nonsurgical approach to gallbladder stones, provided the patients are carefully selected. Experience has shown that patients with a radiolucent ...
Chretien Y - - 1989
We have applied a specific and accurate high pressure liquid chromatographic technique to determine fasting serum glycine and taurine conjugates of individual bile acids in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis before and during ursodeoxycholic acid therapy. The study was carried out in nine patients in whom the diagnosis of primary ...
Knyrim K - - 1989
The importance of calcium in gallstone formation is increasingly recognized. Calcium carbonate is an important constituent of gallbladder stones and may be present in the nidus of cholesterol stones. Secondary deposition of calcium carbonate on the surface of cholesterol gallstones is an important reason for failure of oral bile acid ...
Björkhem I - - 1989
12 alpha-Hydroxy-3-oxo-4-cholenoic acid coupled to an adenosine nucleotide has been shown to be a metabolite of cholic acid in the intestinal anaerobic bacteria, Eubacterium species VPI 12708 (1987. J. Biol. Chem. 262: 4701-4707) and it has been suggested that this may be an intermediate in the conversion of cholic acid ...
Tazuma S - - 1989
The object of this study was to determine the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid administration on metastability in human gallbladder bile, as reflected by nucleation time. Bile samples from 10 patients with cholesterol gallstones who underwent preoperative ursodeoxycholic acid treatment exhibited a significantly longer median nucleation time (16 days) than those ...
Cohen B I - - 1989
Dietary cholic acid (0.1%) and/or calcium (2.6% as calcium carbonate) were added to a semipurified diet containing cholesterol and ethynyl estradiol to determine whether the incidence of pigment and/or cholesterol gallstones would be changed. Male golden Syrian hamsters were fed the experimental diets for 96 days (Group 1, control; Group ...
Batta A K - - 1989
This report describes the isolation of sarcosylsarcosine conjugate of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) formed during the synthesis of sarcoUDCA by the mixed anhydride method. The compound was characterized by its chemical ionization mass spectrum. The diamino acid conjugate was formed only when the free amino acid was used for conjugation. This ...
Everson G T - - 1989
S-Adenosylmethionine (800 mg i.v. per day) was used to treat two brothers and a brother and sister from each of two kindreds with benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis. Symptoms, routine tests of liver function, concentrations of total bile acids, and the oral clearances of [11,12-2H]chenodeoxycholic acid and [24-13C]cholic acid were determined ...
Farges O - - 1989
The permeability of the biliary epithelium to [14C]ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a hypercholeretic bile acid, was compared to that of the 14C-labeled nonhypercholeretic bile acids cholic acid (CA), taurocholic acid (TCA), and tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) by means of anterograde intrabiliary infusions and retrograde intrabiliary injections in the anesthetized rat. Anterograde intrabiliary ...
Wosiewitz U - - 1989
The efficacy of a buffered 1% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-2Na solution (pH 9.2) in solubilizing carefully pulverized material from brown bilirubinate and black polybilirubinate pigment stones can be intensified stepwise by admixtures of detergents and mucolytic active thiols. Solubilization effects were quantified either photometrically by measuring the dissolved calcium bilirubinate or ...
Nieboer C - - 1989
For the past two decades fumaric acid (FA) therapy has become an increasingly popular treatment in Western Europe for psoriasis. FA therapy originally was developed by Schweckendiek and subsequently standardized by Schäfer. Schäfer's fumaric acid compound therapy (FACT) consists of the oral intake of dimethylfumaric acid ester (DMFAE) and several ...
Edwards C A - - 1989
The effects of rectal infusions (500 ml) of deoxycholic acid (1 mmol/l, 3 mmol/l) or normal saline on basal anorectal motility and responses to rectal distension were studied in 11 normal volunteers. Deoxycholic acid (1 mmol/l) did not alter anorectal motor patterns under basal conditions but reduced the rectal volumes ...
Spengler U - - 1989
To determine whether extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy of gallbladder stones alters gallbladder motility, gallbladder contraction in response to intravenous cholecystokinin was investigated by ultrasound. Twenty-one patients with symptomatic gallstones were studied before and after shock-wave lithotripsy, 12 with and 9 without concomitant litholytic therapy (combination of ursodeoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid). ...
Einarsson K - - 1989
The fasting concentrations of unconjugated and conjugated cholic acid were determined in the peripheral venous serum of 15 healthy subjects, eight patients with ileal resection and six patients with known bacterial overgrowth of the upper small intestine. In addition, the estimated hepatic uptake of unconjugated and conjugated cholic acid was ...
Verallo-Rowell V M - - 1989
Melasma is a macular hypermelanosis of the sun-exposed areas of the face and neck. The clinical efficacy of azelaic acid (20%) and hydroquinone creams (2%) in the treatment of this benign pigmentary disorder was compared in a randomized, double-blind study with 155 patients of Indo-Malay-Hispanic origin. The creams were applied ...
Amuro Y - - 1989
The formation of chenodeoxycholic and ursodeoxycholic acids from 7-ketolithocholic acid by human liver preparations was examined in vitro. Liver preparations were incubated with 7-ketolithocholic acid at pH 5.5 in a sodium-potassium-phosphate buffer containing NADPH or NADH. The products formed were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results showed ...
Nazzaro-Porro M - - 1989
Topically applied azelaic acid led to complete clinical and histological resolution of lentigo maligna in more than 50 patients. The therapeutic results are highly durable, in fact 27 out of the 50 are still disease-free, 5-10 years after treatment. There was a recurrence in 11 cases, but all resolved on ...
Jüngst D - - 1989
The high rate of stone recurrence represents a drawback of non-surgical therapy of cholesterol gallstone disease. Although most studies report that long-term bile acid treatment does not have protective effects, preliminary results suggest that low-dose ursodeoxycholic acid decreases the rate of gallstone recurrence in a subgroup of younger patients. To ...
Baba M - - 1989
Several cholic acid derivatives such as taurolithocholic acid, lithocholic acid 3-sulfate, taurolithocholic acid 3-sulfate, and glycolithocholic acid 3-sulfate were shown to inhibit selectively the replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in vitro. These compounds completely protected MT-4 cells against HIV-1-induced cytopathogenicity at a concentration of 100 micrograms/ml, whereas ...
Katsambas A - - 1989
20% azelaic acid cream was compared clinically with it vehicle in a 3-month double-blind study of 92 patients with moderate inflammatory acne. In a single-blind study of 289 patients with comedonal acne, the topical azelaic acid preparation was compared with 0.05% tretinoin cream over a period of 6 months. In ...
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