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Fujihara Noriko - - 2010
We found a novel hypofibrinogenemia designated as Matsumoto VII (M-VII), which is caused by a heterozygous nucleotide deletion at position g.7651 in FGG and a subsequent frameshift mutation in codon 387 of the gamma-chain. This frameshift results in 25 amino acid substitutions, late termination of translation with elongation by 15 ...
Li Xiang-Lan - - 2010
Microdialysis and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to measure the changes of certain amino acids in the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) of conscious rats in order to understand whether those amino acids are involved in the regulation of blood pressure. Acute hypotension was induced by infusing sodium nitroprusside ...
Li Haixing - - 2010
Gamma-aminobutyric acid is a non-protein amino acid that is widely present in organisms. Several important physiological functions of gamma-aminobutyric acid have been characterized, such as neurotransmission, induction of hypotension, diuretic effects, and tranquilizer effects. Many microorganisms can produce gamma-aminobutyric acid including bacteria, fungi and yeasts. Among them, gamma-aminobutyric acid-producing lactic ...
Bae Sun-Ryang - - 2010
Poly-gamma-glutamic acid (gamma-PGA) is a natural, edible polypeptide in which glutamate is polymerized via gamma-amide linkages. First, we assessed the eye irritancy potential of gamma PGA in rabbits. Additionally, we studied the effects of gamma-PGA on corneal wound healing, due to the anti inflammatory properties and water retaining abilities of ...
Zhang Fei - - 2010
Theanine (γ-glutamylethylamide) is the main amino acid component in green tea. The demand for theanine in the food and pharmaceutical industries continues to increase because of its special flavour and multiple physiological effects. In this research, an improved method for enzymatic theanine synthesis is reported. An economical substrate, glutamic acid ...
Ajiro Hiroharu - - 2010
A novel approach is employed to produce core-corona nanospheres, which introduces a stereoregular hydrophilic part to an amphiphilic block copolymer. The resultant morphology is reported using isotactic-poly(methacrylic acid)-block-poly(butyl acrylate). Infrared spectroscopy revealed a supramolecular interaction, and X ray diffraction revealed the crystallization of the outer isotactic-poly(methacrylic acid) part. The nanostructure, ...
Ueno Shigeaki - - 2010
The effects of high-hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) on soybean cotyledon as a cellular biological material were investigated from the viewpoints of the cell structure and enzyme reaction system. Damage to cell structure was evaluated by measuring dielectric properties using the Cole-Cole arc, the radius of which decreased as pressure level ...
Yancovitz Molly - - 2010
A 69-year-old woman presented with a 30-year history of lower back and large joint pain of the hips and shoulders. On examination blue-grey, pigmented macules were present over the cartilaginous portions of the ears and on the sclera. Past medical history included aortic stenosis. Urine homogentisic acid level was elevated, ...
Kanbay Mehmet - - 2010
After uric acid was recognized as the causative factor in gout, increased prevalence of renal disease and hypertension in this patient population caught the attention of the medical community. Thus, it has been proposed that uric acid might have caused these disorders. However, uric acid suffered a long period of ...
Tamura Takayoshi - - 2010
In the present study, we successfully isolated a carrot leaf-derived lactic acid bacterium that produces gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from monosodium L-glutamate (L-MSG) at a hyper conversion rate. The GABA-producing bacterium, identified as Enterococcus (E.) avium G-15, produced 115.7±6.4 g/l GABA at a conversion rate of 86.0±5.0% from the added L-MSG ...
Ginter E - - 2010
Attention to the role of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids from fish (n-3) in human health has remarkably increased during recent decades. Many clinical and epidemiologic studies have shown a positive role for n-3 in cardiovascular diseases, cancer, infant development and more recently, in various mental illnesses, especially in depression. ...
Li Haixing - - 2010
Gamma-aminobutyric acid is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in mammalian brains, and has several well-known physiological functions. Lactic acid bacteria possess special physiological activities and are generally regarded as safe. Therefore, using lactic acid bacteria as cell factories for gamma-aminobutyric acid production is a fascinating project and opens up a vast ...
Murphy K - - 2010
Valerian root (Valeriana officinalis) is a popular and widely available herbal supplement, primarily used to treat insomnia and anxiety. Until recently, its mechanism of action has remained unknown. Neurobiological research has begun to show that the herb, with its active valerenic acid, interacts with the GABA(A)-ergic system, a mechanism of ...
Miyake Koichiro - - 2009
Gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gammaGCS, EC 6.3.2.2) catalyzes the formation of gamma-glutamylcysteine from L-glutamic acid (Glu) and L-cysteine (Cys) in an ATP-dependent manner. While gammaGCS can use various amino acids as substrate, little is known about whether it can use non-amino acid compounds in place of Cys. We determined that gammaGCS from ...
Stanton Matthew G - - 2010
We report herein a novel series of difluoropiperidine acetic acids as modulators of gamma-secretase. Synthesis of 2-aryl-3,3-difluoropiperidine analogs was facilitated by a unique and selective beta-difluorination with Selectfluor. Compounds 1f and 2c were selected for in vivo assessment and demonstrated selective lowering of Abeta42 in a genetically engineered mouse model ...
Soares Ana M S - - 2010
Aiming at the development of new benzopyran-based photocleavable protecting groups, novel chloromethylated and hydroxymethylated 2-oxo-2H-benzo[h]benzopyran derivatives bearing a methoxy substituent were designed and used in the synthesis of a series of fluorescent bioconjugates, by linking through an ester or urethane bond to several model neurotransmitter amino acids (glycine, alanine, beta-alanine ...
Kishino S - - 2010
Optimal production conditions of conjugated gamma-linolenic acid (CGLA) from gamma-linolenic acid using washed cells of Lactobacillus plantarum AKU 1009a as catalysts were investigated. Washed cells of Lact. plantarum AKU 1009a exhibiting a high level of CGLA productivity were obtained by cultivation in a nutrient medium supplemented with 0.03% (w/v) alpha-linolenic ...
Barbara Guillaume - - 2009
Lipoamino acids are anandamide-related endogenous molecules that induce analgesia via unresolved mechanisms. Here, we provide evidence that the T-type/Cav3 calcium channels are important pharmacological targets underlying their physiological effects. Various lipoamino acids, including N-arachidonoyl glycine (NAGly), reversibly inhibited Cav3.1, Cav3.2, and Cav3.3 currents, with potent effects on Cav3.2 [EC(50) approximately ...
Li Haixing - - 2010
Production of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was carried out in Erlenmeyer flasks by Lactobacillus brevis NCL912. Traditional methods were first adopted to select the key factors that impact the GABA production to preliminarily determine the suitable concentration ranges of the key factors. It was found that glucose, soya peptone, Tween-80 and ...
Alchihab Mohamed - - 2010
The production of gamma-decalactone and 4-hydroxydecanoic acid by the psychrophilic yeast R. aurantiaca was studied. The effect of both compounds on the growth of R. aurantiaca was also investigated and our results show that gamma-decalactone must be one of the limiting factors for its production. The addition of gum tragacanth ...
Babaeipour Valiollah - - 2010
Development of inexpensive and simple culture media and appropriate induction conditions are always favorable for industry. In this research, chemical composition and stoichiometric data for gamma-interferon production and recombinant Escherichia coli growth were used in order to achieve a simple medium and favorable induction conditions. To achieve this goal, the ...
Yamaguchi Masayoshi - - 2009
The carotene p-hydroxycinnamic acid and the xanthophyll β-cryptoxanthin are members of the carotenoid family of plant-derived pigments, which are endowed with anti-osteoporotic properties in vivo. p-Hydroxycinnamic acid and β-cryptoxanthin have been demonstrated to stimulate osteoblastic bone formation while simultaneously repressing osteoclastic bone resorption in vitro. However, their mechanisms of action ...
Caputo Fabio - - 2009
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a short-chain fatty acid structurally similar to the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid. Clinical trials have demonstrated that 50-100 mg/kg of GHB fractioned into three or six daily doses is able to suppress alcohol withdrawal symptoms and facilitates the maintenance of abstinence from alcohol. These studies have ...
Verma P K - - 2009
Amino acid neurotransmitters play an important role in regulating neuromuscular activity of helminth parasites. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of different amino acid neurotransmitters [L-glutamate, glycine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)] on spontaneous muscular activity of isometrically mounted Gastrothylax crumenifer. L-Glutamate caused a significant increase in the amplitude and ...
Akama Kazuhito - - 2009
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a four-carbon amino acid that is commonly present in living organisms and functions as a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in mammals. It is understood to have a potentially anti-hypertensive effect in mammals. GABA is synthesized from glutamate by glutamate decarboxylase (GAD). In plants, GAD is regulated via ...
Bach Benoît - - 2009
The gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) shunt, an alternative route for the conversion of alpha-ketoglutarate to succinate, involves the glutamate decarboxylase Gad1p, the GABA transaminase Uga1p and the succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase Uga2p. This pathway has been extensively described in plants and animals, but its function in yeast remains unclear. We show that the ...
Weng Yun - - 2009
Elevated concentrations of isovaleric (IVA), methylmalonic (MMA), and propionic acid are associated with impaired consciousness in genetic diseases (organic acidemias). We conjectured that part of the central nervous system depression observed in these disorders was due to anesthetic effects of these metabolites. We tested three hypotheses. First, that these metabolites ...
Vink Joy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Down syndrome (DS) affects 1/800 infants. Prenatal NAPVSIPQ (NAP) and SALLRSIPA (SAL) (NAP+SAL) prevent developmental delay in Ts65Dn mice, a mouse model of DS. We investigated whether this finding involves N-methyl-D-aspartic acid and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor subunits. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant Ts65Dn mice were treated with placebo or NAP+SAL ...
Pereira Elaine Cristina - - 2009
Coumarin is a compound known to be present in a wide variety of plants, microorganisms and animal species. Most of its effects were studied in organs and systems other than the central nervous system. The present work evaluated the effect of coumarin administration on the levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), ...
Khadeer Ahamed B Mohamed - - 2009
Grewia tiliaefolia is a subtropical tree, its stem bark is widely used in traditional Indian medicines to heal chronic wounds, gastric ulcers, burning sensation, itching and other allergic ailments. Bioassay-directed fractionation and chromatography of the methanolic extract of G. tiliaefolia stem bark has resulted in the isolation of gulonic acid ...
Pyo Young-Hee - - 2009
Medicinal soy yogurt (sogurt) containing high levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), free amino acids (FAAs), statins, and isoflavone aglycones was developed using lactic acid bacteria (1:1 mixture of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. latis KFRI 01181 and Lactobacillus plantarum KFRI 00144) and Monascus-fermented soybean extract (MFSE, 1.5%, w/v). Changes in the content ...
Yue Li L Bioelectromagnetic Lab, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, NO.6 Beiertiao, Zhongguancun, Beijing, - - 2009
Recent studies have shown that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has therapeutic potential for some neurological and psychiatric disorders. However, the neurobiological effects of this tool are not sufficiently explained so far, previous research reported that rTMS can change dopamine release, there have been few studies to examine a possible ...
Al-Bachir M - - 2009
The effect of gamma irradiation on microbial load, chemical and sensory characteristics of camel meat has been evaluated. Camel meat was irradiated at doses of 0, 2, 4 and 6kGy of gamma irradiation. Irradiated and non-irradiated meat was kept in a refrigerator (1-4°C). General composition and sensory evaluation of camel ...
Constantinides Prometheas - - 2009
Gamma-hydroxybutyric-acid is a potentially addictive drug known for its use in "rave" parties. Users have described heightened sexual drive, sensuality and emotional warmth. Its euphoric, sedative and anxiolytic-like properties are also sought by frequent users. Abrupt gamma-hydroxybutyric-acid withdrawal can rapidly cause tremor, autonomic dysfunction and anxiety, and may later culminate ...
Price Rebecca B - - 2009
Significant alterations in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate levels have been previously reported in major depressive disorder (MDD); however, no studies to date have investigated associations between these amino acid neurotransmitters and treatment resistance. The objective of this study was to compare occipital cortex (OCC) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) ...
Lenz Daniel - - 2008
In Europe, the misuse of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and its analogues has increased within the recent years. Here, 2 fatalities and 1 nonfatal intoxication resulting from ingestion of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), a precursor of GHB, are presented. GHB was quantified involving the conversion to GBL by application of a gas chromatography-mass ...
Vanini Giancarlo G Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2008
Many general anesthetics are thought to produce a loss of wakefulness, in part, by enhancing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission. However, GABAergic neurotransmission in the pontine reticular formation promotes wakefulness. This study tested the hypotheses that (1) relative to wakefulness, isoflurane decreases GABA levels in the pontine reticular formation; and (2) ...
Osburn Sandra M - - 2008
The presence and position of a single beta-alanine (betaA), gamma-aminobutyric acid (gammaABu) or epsilon-aminocaproic acid (Cap) residue has been shown to have a significant influence on the formation of b(n)+ and y(n)+ product ions from a series of model, protonated peptides. In this study, we examined the effect of the ...
Bolívar J P - - 2009
In recent years there has been an increasing awareness of the occupational and public hazards of the radiological impact of non-nuclear industries which process materials containing naturally occurring radionuclides. These include the industries devoted to the production of phosphoric acid by treating sedimentary phosphate rocks enriched in radionuclides from the ...
Kulig Katarzyna - - 2008
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). A decrease in GABAergic neurotransmission seems to be involved in neurological pathologies such as epilepsy, anxiety and pain. This review is focus on structure activity relationship studies aiming the search for new GABA uptake inhibitors.
Antonopoulou Georgia G Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15771, - - 2008
A variety of lipophilic 2-oxoamides containing sulfonamide analogs of gamma-amino acids as well as acyl sulfonamides of gamma-aminobutyric acid were synthesized. Their ability to inhibit intracellular GIVA cPLA2 and GVIA iPLA2 as well as secreted GV sPLA2 was evaluated. The sulfonamide group seems a bioisosteric group suitable to replace the ...
Frank Oliver - - 2008
Recent investigations on the bitterness of coffee as well as 5- O-caffeoyl quinic acid roasting mixtures indicated the existence of another, yet unknown, bitter lactone besides the previously identified bitter compounds 5- O-caffeoyl- muco-gamma-quinide, 3- O-caffeoyl-gamma-quinide, 4- O-caffeoyl- muco-gamma-quinide, 5- O-caffeoyl- epi-delta-quinide, and 4- O-caffeoyl-gamma-quinide. In the present study, this ...
Kim Su-Nam - - 2008
We screened active compounds from natural marine products able to increase PPARalpha/gamma transcriptional activity. Sargaquinoic acid (SQA) and sargahydroquinoic acid (SHQA) from Sargassum yezoense were identified as novel PPARalpha/gamma dual agonists. The binding affinity of SQA with PPARgamma was higher than that of the specific PPARgamma agonist troglitazone, leading to ...
Liewald Jana F - - 2008
We introduce optogenetic investigation of neurotransmission (OptIoN) for time-resolved and quantitative assessment of synaptic function via behavioral and electrophysiological analyses. We photo-triggered release of acetylcholine or gamma-aminobutyric acid at Caenorhabditis elegans neuromuscular junctions using targeted expression of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Channelrhodopsin-2. In intact Channelrhodopsin-2 transgenic worms, photostimulation instantly induced body elongation ...
Takehara Munenori - - 2008
Two poly(epsilon-L-lysine) (epsilon-PL) producer strains of Streptomyces celluloflavus secreted a novel polymeric substance into their culture broths along with epsilon-PL. Three types of HPLC analysis plus one- and two-dimensional 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance experiments revealed that the secreted substance was poly(gamma-L-diaminobutanoic acid) (gamma-PAB), an L-alpha,gamma-diaminobutanoic acid (L-DAB) homopolymer ...
Wu Qun - - 2010
Glycerol would stimulate the production of poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) and decrease its molecular weight in Bacillus subtilis NX-2. When 20 g/l glycerol was added in the medium, the yield of gamma-PGA increased from 26.7 +/- 1.0 to 31.7 +/- 1.3 g/l, and molecular weight of gamma-PGA decreased from 2.43 +/- ...
Chen Jie - - 2010
Poly-gamma-glutamic acid (gamma-PGA) is a kind of water-soluble and biodegradable polymer made from D- and L-glutamic acid units, which are linked by amide bonds formed between alpha-amino and gamma-carboxylic acid groups. As a potential targeted biopolymer that can be refined from biomass directly, gamma-PGA has been increasingly applied to food, ...
Ishar M P S - - 2008
Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of 5-aryl-7,11,11-trimethyltricyclo[5.4.0.0(3,6)]-undec-1-en-4-ones 4a-h by H(2)O(2) and formic acid in methanol yields mixtures of 3b,7,7-trimethyl-3-phenyl-3,3a,3b,4,5,6,7,8a-octahydro-1H-indeno-[1,2-c]furan-1-ones 8a-h and 3b,7,7-trimethyl-3-phenyl-3,3a,3b,4,5,6,7,8a-octahydro-1H-indeno-[1,2-c]furan-2-ones 9a-h in high yields. The obtained butyrolactones 8a-h display cytotoxic activity against a number of human cancer cells.
Syu Kai-Yang - - 2008
Dabsyl chloride (dimethylaminoazobenzene sulfonyl chloride), a useful chromophoric labeling reagent for amino acids and amines, was developed in this laboratory in 1975. Although several methods have been developed to determine various types of amino acids, a quick and easy method of determining theanine, GABA, and other amino acids has not ...
Rizzello C G - - 2008
This article aimed at investigating the synthesis of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory peptides and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) during sourdough fermentation of white wheat, wholemeal wheat, and rye flours. Sourdough lactic acid bacteria, selected previously for proteinase and peptidase activities toward wheat proteins or for the capacity of synthesizing GABA, were ...
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