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Félix Lanao R P - - 2011
Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are frequently used as bone substitute material. Despite their superior clinical handling and excellent biocompatibility, they exhibit poor degradability, which limits bone ingrowth into the implant. Microspheres were prepared from poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and included in injectable CPCs as porogens in order to enhance its macroporosity ...
Wu Yubo - - 2011
A modular approach was proposed for the preparation of chiral fluorescent molecular sensors, in which the fluorophore, scaffold, and chirogenic center can be connected by ethynyl groups, and these modules can easily be changed to other structures to optimize the molecular sensing performance of the sensors. This modular strategy to ...
Lee Wei-Ju - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In general, about 300 g kg(-1) of the weight of papaya fruits appears as waste materials during processing, including a considerable amount of papaya seeds. To make a more efficient use of papaya, it is worth investigating the utilization of the seeds. The aim of this study was to ...
Altai Mohamed - - 2012
Affibody molecules constitute a novel class of molecular display selected affinity proteins based on non-immunoglobulin scaffold. Preclinical investigations and pilot clinical data have demonstrated that Affibody molecules provide high contrast imaging of tumor-associated molecular targets shortly after injection. The use of cysteine-containing peptide-based chelators at the C-terminus of recombinant Affibody ...
Tang Jing - - 2011
Two types of mesoporous silica nanospheres (MSNs) were synthesized for use as controlled-release agents. One was prepared by grafting with 5,6-dihydroxyhexylsilane (DH-MSN) and the other one by further coating with cholic acid-crosslinked poly(lactic acid) (CA-PLA-MSN). We studied the release of the antidepressant venlafaxine from each of the materials in simulated ...
Nouraie Mehdi - - 2011
Bone changes are common in sickle cell disease, but the pathogenesis is not fully understood. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) type 5b is produced by bone-resorbing osteoclasts. In other forms of hemolytic anemia, increased iron stores are associated with osteoporosis. We hypothesized that transfusional iron overload would be associated with increased ...
Astarita Giuseppe G Department of Pharmacology, 3101 Gillespie NRF, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4625, - - 2011
Preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid derived from diet or synthesized in the liver, decreases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). DHA levels are reduced in the brain of subjects with AD, but it is still unclear whether human dementias are associated ...
Lee Yen-Hsien - - 2011
In this study, a novel layered hydrogel composing of poly(γ-glutamic acid) (PGA), chitosan (CS), and alginate (AL) were prepared. Furthermore, PGA, CS, and AL were labeled with different fluorescent dyes. The bilayer structure of hydrogel was then revealed using these fluorescent labeled polymers. To mimic the stability of these hydrogels ...
Errichiello Luca - - 2011
Epilepsy is one of the most impactful diseases on social life. A significant number of epileptic syndromes have been linked to immunological alterations. Elevated levels of antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase have been recently found in a significant percentage of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, the most common epilepsy type. ...
Chang Po-Ling - - 2011
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are one of the important biomarkers for monitoring liver disease such as hepatitis or hepatoma. In this communication, we present the determination of the concentrations of BCAA in ascites by CE light-emitted diode-induced fluorescence (LEDIF) using 1.5% m/v poly(ethylene oxide) (average M(v) : ∼8 000 000 g/mol) that was ...
Nettleton Joyce A - - 2011
Background/Aims: The importance of reducing saturated fatty acid intake to prevent cardiovascular disease and recommended intakes for omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are controversial. Therefore, experts debated these topics at the biennial meeting of the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids (ISSFAL), in May 2010. Methods: ...
Kölker Stefan - - 2011
Glutaric aciduria type I (synonym, glutaric acidemia type I) is a rare organic aciduria. Untreated patients characteristically develop dystonia during infancy resulting in a high morbidity and mortality. The neuropathological correlate is striatal injury which results from encephalopathic crises precipitated by infectious diseases, immunizations and surgery during a finite period ...
Makhoul Z Z Cancer Prevention Program, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. - - 2011
N-3 fatty acids are associated with favorable, and obesity with unfavorable, concentrations of chronic disease risk biomarkers. We examined whether high eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid intakes, measured as percentages of total red blood cell (RBC) fatty acids, modify associations of obesity with chronic disease risk biomarkers. In a ...
Concistrè Giovanni - - 2011
A rare cause of valvular heart disease is the deposition of foreign material in the valvular tissues, including material accumulating as a result of inborn errors of metabolism of the essential amino acids. Alkaptonuria can result in accumulation of homogentisic acid. We report the case of a patient with alkaptonuria ...
Mescka Caroline - - 2011
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism caused by deficiency of the activity of the mitochondrial enzyme complex branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKAD) leading to accumulation of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) leucine, isoleucine and valine and their corresponding branched-chain α-keto acids. Affected patients ...
Bastin Jean - - 2011
Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 2 (CPT2) and very-long-chain Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiencies are among the most common inborn mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) disorders. Despite advances in their clinical and molecular characterizations, few therapeutic approaches exist for these diseases. Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenol extensively studied for its potential health ...
Weinberg Joel M - - 2011
The transcriptional regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis by normal metabolic adaptation or injury has been clarified over the past decade. Mitochondrial biogenesis and its attendant processes enhance metabolic pathways such as fatty acid oxidation and increase antioxidant defense mechanisms that ameliorate injury from aging, tissue hypoxia, and glucose or fatty acid ...
Lee Min Jung MJ Department of Biological Sciences, Konkuk University, Seoul, 143-701, - - 2011
Hempseed is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which have potential as therapeutic compounds for the treatment of neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disease. However, the effect of hempseed meal (HSM) intake on the animal models of these diseases has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we assessed the effects of ...
Sebastio Gianfranco - - 2011
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is an inherited aminoaciduria caused by defective cationic amino acid transport at the basolateral membrane of epithelial cells in intestine and kidney. LPI is caused by mutations in the SLC7A7 gene, which encodes the y(+)LAT-1 protein, the catalytic light chain subunit of a complex belonging to ...
Pearce David A - - 2011
We provide a comment on the paper of Pears et al. (Mol. BioSyst., 2010, 6, 1093-1102).
Mole Sara E - - 2011
We respond briefly to the letter received from Pearce and Padilla-Lopez.
Shigeto Shohei - - 2011
The high frequency (3.3-3.9%) of acid α-glucosidase pseudodeficiency, c.[1726G>A; 2065G>A] homozygote (AA homozygote), in Asian populations complicates newborn screening for Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease type II or acid maltase deficiency) on dried blood spots, since AA homozygotes have a considerably low enzyme activity. We observed that hemoglobin in the ...
Battig Alexander - - 2011
Polydepsipeptides, alternating copolymers consisting of α-amino acids and α-hydroxy acids, are degradable polymers. Depsipeptide-based polymers of varied architectures can be synthesized via ring-opening polymerization of various morpholine-2,5-dione derivatives. Thermoplastic phase-segregated multiblock copolymers with poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(iso-butyl-morpholinedione) segments have been synthesized from the macrodiols and an aliphatic diisocyanate as a ...
Zapolski Tomasz - - 2011
Background: Hyperuricaemia has long been known to be associated with cardiovascular disease, and it is particularly common in patients with kidney disease, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Metabolic syndrome is associated with pro-inflammatory and prothrombotic state. Aim: To examine the association between renal function, serum uric acid and markers of ...
Bassi A K - - 2011
There is a clinical need for a synthetic alternative to bone graft substitute (BGS) derived from demineralised bone matrix. We report the electrospinning of Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) to form a 3-dimensional scaffold for use as a synthetic BGS. Additionally, we have used Poly(vinyl phosphonic acid-co-acrylic acid) (PVPA) to improve bone formation. ...
Verzele Dieter - - 2011
We present three versatile solid-supported scaffold building blocks based on the (deoxy)cholic acid framework and decorated with handles for further derivatization by modern ligation techniques such as click chemistry, Staudinger ligation or native chemical ligation. Straightforward procedures are presented for the synthesis and analysis of the steroid constructs. These building ...
Casalini Tommaso - - 2011
Structural characterization of poly-l-lactic acid (P(L)LA) and poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) oligomers containing three units was carried out with an atomistic approach. Oligomer structures were first optimized through quantum chemical calculations, using density functional theory (DFT); rotational barriers concerning dihedral angles along the chain were then investigated. Diffusion coefficients of l-lactic ...
Zhao Xue-feng - - 2011
A porous poly(L-lactic acid)/β-tricalcium phosphate (PLLA/β-TCP) composite scaffold was fabricated using a novel technique comprising powder mixing, compression molding, low-temperature treatment, and particulate leaching without any organic solvent. The effect of this scaffold on osteoblast proliferation and differentiation was evaluated in vitro. The fabricated scaffold had a homogeneously interconnected porous ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2011
Modern diets have been suggested to increase systemic acid load and net acid excretion. In response, alkaline diets and products are marketed to avoid or counteract this acid, help the body regulate its pH to prevent and cure disease. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate causal relationships ...
Christophersen Olav A - - 2011
Eicosanoids are major players in the pathogenesis of several common diseases, with either overproduction or imbalance (e.g. between thromboxanes and prostacyclins) often leading to worsening of disease symptoms. Both the total rate of eicosanoid production and the balance between eicosanoids with opposite effects are strongly dependent on dietary factors, such ...
Kanbay Mehmet - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease is prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Uric acid is increased in subjects with CKD and has been linked with cardiovascular mortality in this population. However, no study has evaluated the relationship of uric acid with angiographically proven coronary artery disease (CAD) in this population. We therefore investigated ...
Silva Jerson L - - 2010
The concept that transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are caused only by proteins has changed the traditional paradigm that disease transmission is due solely to an agent that carries genetic information. The central hypothesis for prion diseases proposes that the conversion of a cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a misfolded, β-sheet-rich ...
Gentile Christopher L - - 2010
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a burgeoning public health concern in westernized nations. The obesity-related disorder is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and liver failure. Although the underlying pathogenesis of NAFLD is unclear, increasing evidence suggests that excess saturated fatty acids presented to ...
De Araújo Dayane Pessoa - - 2011
ABSTRACT This work reviews the evidence of the mechanism of neuronal degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) and the neuroprotective effect of lipoic acid and its use in the treatment of PD. PD is characterized by slow and progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta, leading to ...
Gentile Christopher L CL Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, - - 2011
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a burgeoning public health concern in westernized nations. The obesity-related disorder is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and liver failure. Although the underlying pathogenesis of NAFLD is unclear, increasing evidence suggests that excess saturated fatty acids presented to ...
Woodland Philip P Queen Mary University of London, - - 2010
The pathogenesis of gastrointestinal reflux disease is multifactoral. Integral to the disease process is the refluxate itself. The characteristics and composition of the refluxate are dependent on several physiological variables. The refluxate may contain varying concentrations of acid, pepsin, gas, or contents of duodenal reflux (such as bile acid and ...
Coleman Robert - - 2011
Both bone metastases and fragility fractures due to bone loss result in considerable morbidity affecting quality of life and independence as well as placing complex demands on healthcare resources. Zoledronic acid is a widely used intravenous bisphosphonate that reduces this skeletal morbidity in both benign and malignant conditions. The incidence, ...
Kalonia Harikesh - - 2011
Huntington disease is a neurodegenerative disease with complex pathophysiology. Recently, role of neuroinflammation and interplay between various other cellular cascades have been suggested to be involved in pathophysiology of Huntington disease. Involvement of calcium overload mediated oxidative damage and excitotoxicity have been suggested to play a central role in quinolinic ...
Zhu He - - 2010
A spin echo-based MRSI sequence was developed to acquire edited spectra of γ-aminobutyric acid in an entire slice. Water and lipid signals were suppressed by a dual-band presaturation sequence, which included integrated outer volume suppression pulses for additional lipid suppression. Experiments in three normal volunteers were performed at 3 T ...
O'Byrne C P - - 2011
The GABase assay is widely used to rapidly and accurately quantify levels of extracellular γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Here we demonstrate a modification of this assay that enables quantification of intracellular GABA in bacterial cells. Cells are lysed by boiling and ethanolamine-O-sulphate, a GABA transaminase inhibitor is used to distinguish between ...
Gravot Antoine - - 2010
• Knowledge about primary metabolic processes is essential for the understanding of the physiology and ecology of seaweeds. The Ectocarpus siliculosus genome now facilitates integrative studies of the molecular basis of primary metabolism in this brown alga. • Metabolite profiling was performed across two light-dark cycles and under different CO2 ...
Xu Jian Guo - - 2010
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and provides beneficial effects for human and other animals health. To accumulate GABA, samples from two different naked oat cultivars, Baiyan II and Bayou I, were steeped and germinated in an incubator. The content of GABA and ...
Dunny Elizabeth - - 2010
The naturally occurring PPAR-gamma ligand 10-nitrooctadeca-9(E),12(Z)-dienoic acid (10-nitrolinoleic acid) (2a) was prepared as a single regio- and geometrical isomer in a practical eight-step, convergent sequence. The synthetic route featured a nitro aldol reaction between 9-oxononanoic acid methyl ester (3) and 1-nitronon-3(Z)-ene (4) in the key carbon-carbon bond forming step. The ...
Lacroix N - - 2010
Old-style cheese starters were evaluated to determine their ability to produce cheese aroma compounds. Detailed analyses of the aroma-producing potential of 13 old-style starter cultures were undertaken. The proteolytic profile of the starters was established by an accelerated ripening study using a model cheese slurry and compared with those of ...
Squires Leah N LN Department of Chemistry and the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2010
Serotonin (5-HT), an important molecule in metazoans, is involved in a range of biological processes including neurotransmission and neuromodulation. Both its creation and release are tightly regulated, as is its removal. Multiple neurochemical pathways are responsible for the catabolism of 5-HT and are phyla specific; therefore, by elucidating these catabolic ...
Kurihara Shin - - 2010
Gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) is metabolized to succinic semialdehyde by GABA aminotransferase (GABA-AT), and the succinic semialdehyde is subsequently oxidized to succinate by succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH). In Escherichia coli, there are duplicate GABA-ATs (GabT and PuuE) and duplicate SSADHs (GabD and YneI). While GabT and GabD have been well studied previously, ...
Liu Jun - - 2010
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens C06, an effective biological agent in controlling brown rot of stone fruit caused by Monilinia fructicola, was also found to produce extra-cellular mucilage and form mucoid colonies on semi-solid surfaces. This study aimed to characterize the extra-cellular mucilage produced by B. amyloliquefaciens C06 using transposon mutagenesis and biochemical ...
Song Hongmiao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Proton (H(+)) and aluminium (Al(3+)) toxicities are major factors limiting crop production on acid soils, while gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid involved in various stress tolerances in plants. In this study, to determine whether exogenous GABA is functional in alleviating oxidative stress induced by H(+) and ...
Carbone Silvia - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of the pre- and perinatal exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on the neuroendocrine parameters that regulate reproduction in peripubertal male rats. DEHP at dose of 3 and 30mg/kg bw/day was administered orally to female rat since pregnancy onset until weaning. The male litters were sacrificed ...
Fujihara Noriko - - 2010
We found a novel hypofibrinogenemia designated as Matsumoto VII (M-VII), which is caused by a heterozygous nucleotide deletion at position g.7651 in FGG and a subsequent frameshift mutation in codon 387 of the gamma-chain. This frameshift results in 25 amino acid substitutions, late termination of translation with elongation by 15 ...
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