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Zhu J J JJ 1Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Agriculture,College of Animal Science and Technology,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi,PR - - 2014
Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is known as a crucial enzyme of cellular de novo fatty acid synthesis in mammary gland which has been proved as the main source of short and medium-chain fatty acids of milk. However, the regulatory role of FASN in goat-specific milk fatty acids composition remains unclear. ...
Suburu Janel J 1Wake Forest School of - - 2014
The mammary gland is one of few adult tissues that strongly induce de novo fatty acid synthesis upon physiological stimulation, suggesting that fatty acid is important for milk production during lactation. The committed enzyme to perform this function is fatty acid synthase (FASN). To determine whether de novo fatty acid ...
Sterba Jan J Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the ASCR, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The presence of sialylated structures in tick organs was observed previously using lectin staining. Recently, we demonstrated the presence of sialylated N-glycans using mass spectrometry in tick salivary glands and the gut. However, we proposed a host (blood) origin for these glycans and mapped the transport of sialylated molecules from ...
Hagström Asa K AK Pheromone Group, Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 37, 223 62, Lund, Sweden, - - 2014
Sexual communication in the Lepidoptera typically involves a female-produced sex pheromone that attracts males of the same species. The most common type of moth sex pheromone comprises individual or blends of fatty acyl derivatives that are synthesized by a specific enzymatic pathway in the female's pheromone gland, often including a ...
Kofroňová Edita E Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nám. 2, Prague 166 10, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Triacylglycerols (TGs) stored in the fat bodies of bumblebee males have a species-specific composition. The striking structural similarities between TG fatty acids (FAs) and components of the male marking pheromone in certain species led to the hypothesis that FAs may serve as precursors in pheromone biosynthesis. Here, we analysed TGs ...
Ge Xi-Yuan XY Central Laboratory, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Haidian District, Beijing, PR - - 2014
Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma is an epithelial tumor in the head and neck region. Despite its slow growth, patients with salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma exhibit poor long term survival because of a high rate of distant metastasis. Lung and bone are common distant metastasis sites. Zoledronic acid, a third generation ...
Wang Lizhong - - 2013
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (Scd1) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids. Overexpression of Scd1 in transgenic animals would modify the nutritional value of ruminant-derived foods by increasing the monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and decreasing the saturated fatty acid (SFA) content. The aim of this study was to ...
Fujii Takeshi - - 2013
Female Ascotis selenaria (Geometridae) moths use 4-epoxy-(Z,Z)-6,9-nonadecadiene, which is synthesized from linolenic acid, as the main component of their sex pheromone. While the use of dietary linolenic or linoleic fatty acid derivatives as sex pheromone components has been observed in moth species belonging to a few families including Geometridae, the ...
Aldrich Jeffrey R JR Affiliate Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. - - 2013
Wheel bugs (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae: Arilus) are general predators, the females of which have reddish-orange subrectal glands (SGs) that are eversible like the osmeteria in some caterpillars. The rancid odor of Arilus and other reduviids actually comes from Brindley's glands, which in the North (A. cristatus) and South (A. carinatus) ...
Shennan D B - - 2013
This review describes the properties and regulation of the membrane transport proteins which supply the mammary gland with aminonitrogen to support metabolism under different physiological conditions (i.e. pregnancy, lactation and involution). Early studies focussed on characterising amino acid and peptide transport pathways with respect to substrate specificity, kinetics and hormonal ...
Chen Jian - - 2013
Nylanderia fulva (Mayr) has been reported as being able to displace Solenopsis invicta Buren, one of the most aggressive invasive ants in the world. Like S. invicta, N. fulva use chemical secretions in their defense/offense, which may contribute to their observed superior competition ability. In this study, the defensive chemicals ...
Kramer Ronny - - 2013
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) in general, and in particular the trans-10,cis-12 (t10,c12-CLA) isomer are potent modulators of milk fat synthesis in dairy cows. Studies in rodents, such as mice, have revealed that t10,c12-CLA is responsible for hepatic lipodystrophy and decreased adipose tissue with subsequent changes in the fatty acid distribution. ...
Shetty Shishir R SR Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Science, Nitte University, Mangalore, Karnataka, - - 2013
Quid chewing practice has been a part of our tradition since centuries with little known evidence of oral cancer. However, recent trends show a rise in occurrence of oral cancer often associated with tobacco and arecanut usage. Ascorbic acid is an important salivary antioxidant. Betel leaf which is used in ...
Buček Aleš - - 2013
Bumblebee males (Hymenoptera) produce species-specific labial gland secretions called marking pheromones (MPs). MPs generally consist of terpenoids and fatty-acid-derived aliphatic compounds with various chain lengths predominantly containing one or no double bonds. The unsaturated fatty-acid-derived MP components were hypothesized to be produced by fatty acid desaturases (FADs) that exhibit diverse ...
Wang Hong-Lei - - 2013
The trienoic and tetraenoic polyenes, (3Z,6Z,9Z)-3,6,9-nonadecatriene, (3Z,6Z,9Z)-3,6,9-henicosatriene, and (3Z,6Z,9Z)-1,3,6,9-henicosatetraene were found in the abdominal cuticle and pheromone gland of the winter moth Operophtera brumata L. (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), in addition to the previously identified single component sex pheromone (3Z,6Z,9Z)-1,3,6,9-nonadecatetraene. The pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PBAN) is involved in the regulation of ...
Záček Petr - - 2013
De novo biosynthesis of male sex pheromone from two bumblebee species (Bombus terrestris and Bombus lucorum) was studied by using in vitro incubations of labial glands (LGs) with radioactive [1,2-(14) C]acetate and deuterated [D(3) ]acetate. The labeled substrate was incorporated into several types of compounds, such as terpenic alcohols, fatty ...
Ventrella Vittoria - - 2013
The fatty acid composition of the digestive gland from the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis subjected to three different dietary regimens for 30 days was analysed. Samples were collected at the beginning and at the end of the trial to obtain a comprehensive picture of fatty acid dynamics. Group A was unfed; ...
Clark Shawn M - - 2013
Bitter acids (e.g. humulone) are prenylated polyketides synthesized in lupulin glands of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus) which are important contributors to the bitter flavour and stability of beer. Bitter acids are formed from acyl-CoA precursors derived from branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) degradation and C5 prenyl diphosphates from the methyl-D-erythritol ...
Apps Peter - - 2012
Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to identify 103 organic compounds from urine, feces, anal glands, and preputial glands of free-ranging African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus. Aliphatic acids were the dominant class of compound in all materials. In addition to aliphatic acids, urine contained dimethyl sulfone, 1,3-propanediol, benzoic acid, 1-methyl-2,4-imidazolidinedione, and ...
Tanaka Shoji - - 2012
Occlusal raising method (so-called 'Template therapy') has been reported to alleviate various diseases and symptoms, but the underlying mechanism is not clear. We searched the low-molecular weight metabolite(s) in the saliva, the concentration of which is significantly changed by the template therapy. One female patient with headache underwent the template ...
Giraud-Billoud Maximiliano - - 2012
The invasive Pomacea canaliculata estivates during periods of drought and should cope with harmful effects of reoxygenation during arousal. We studied thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, SOD and catalase, CAT) and non-enzymatic antioxidants (uric acid and reduced glutathione), and heat shock protein expression (Hsc70, Hsp70 and Hsp90) ...
Mida Kfir - - 2012
The aim was to determine the relative role of each of the lactogenic hormones (insulin, prolactin and hydrocortisol), and their combinations in regulating elongation and desaturation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and subsequently on composition of cellular lipid compartments in mammary epithelia. Cultured cells of the mammary gland epithelial cell line ...
Shetty Shishir Ram - - 2012
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is one of the most commonly occurring potentially malignant disorders in India and south East Asian countries where betel chewing is common practice. Iron and ascorbic acid are important agents for collagen synthesis. The aims of this study were to estimate the levels of iron and ...
Han L Q - - 2012
The efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in diet supplements for milk fat reduction is well documented in several species. However, the mechanisms by which fatty acids regulate mammary lipogenesis remain largely unknown, especially with regard to gene expression of enzyme and regulators. In this study, 8 Holstein dairy cows ...
Vieira Alexsandro S - - 2012
The metapleural gland is exclusive to ants, and unusual among exocrine glands in having no mechanism for closure and retention of secretion. As yet, no clear conclusion has been reached as to the function of metapleural gland secretion. Metapleural gland secretions were investigated for fungus-growing ants representing the derived attines ...
Foster Stephen P - - 2012
Using a tracer-tracee approach, we fed 1-d-old virgin Heliothis virescens U-(13)C-glucose and analyzed the key labeled fatty acids, (Z)-11-hexadecenoate, hexadecanoate and octadecanoate, known to be intermediates in pheromone biosynthesis, by mass isotopomer distribution analysis. This method allowed determination of enrichment, and fractional (FSR) and absolute (ASR) synthetic rates. As expected, ...
Shakya Barkha - - 2012
All living organisms respond to various physical or chemical stressors by the induction of heat shock protein (HSP). The present study was performed on transgenic Drosophila melanogaster (hsp70-lacZ) Bg(9) in which the transformation vector is inserted with a P-element, the line contains wild-type hsp70 sequence up to the lacZ fusion ...
Yang G - - 2012
Increasing the concentration of α-linolenic acid (LNA; 18:3 cis-9,cis-12,cis-15) in blood might affect fatty acid (FA) metabolism in the mammary gland of dairy cows. The objective was to determine the effects of different arterial concentrations of 18:3 cis-9,cis-12,cis-15 (18:3n-3) achieved via duodenal infusions with LNA on mammary uptake [assessed via ...
Wu Hao H Northeastern University, Department of Physics, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleocapsid (NC) protein plays an essential role in several stages of HIV-1 replication. One important function of HIV-1 NC is to act as a nucleic acid chaperone, in which the protein facilitates nucleic acid rearrangements important for reverse transcription and recombination. NC contains ...
Borkar A - - 2012
Inside a living cell there can be a variety of interactions for any given protein, which serve to regulate denaturation and renaturation processes. Insights into some of them can be obtained by in vitro studies using various denaturing agents. In this study, all-atom MD simulations in explicit solvent and NMR ...
Imai Kenichi - - 2012
Latently infected cells harbor human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) proviral DNA copies integrated in heterochromatin, allowing persistence of transcriptionally silent proviruses. It is widely accepted that hypoacetylation of histone proteins by histone deacetylases (HDACs) is involved in maintaining the HIV-1 latency by repressing viral transcription. HIV-1 replication can be ...
Kim Eunae - - 2012
Electronic parameters of 1',3 '-oxygen play significant roles in steering the conformation of nucleoside phosphonic acid analogues. To investigate the relationship of two oxygen atoms with antiviral enhancement, novel 1',3 '-dioxolane 5 '-deoxyphosphonic acid purine analogues were synthesized via de novo acyclic stereoselective route from acrolein and glycolic acid. The synthesized nucleoside phosphonic ...
McClellan David A - - 2012
Amino acid property methods have repeatedly proven more sensitive than nucleotide-based methods, especially to the subtle influences of selection on Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of population sampling and sliding window size on the sensitivity of one amino acid based method ...
Kemirembe Karen - - 2012
Molting in arthropods is orchestrated by a series of endocrine changes that occur towards the end of an instar. However, little is understood about the mechanisms that trigger these endocrine changes. Here, nutritional inputs were manipulated to investigate the minimal nutritional inputs required for a Manduca sexta larva to initiate ...
Ohno Shino - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Apelin is a peptide that was originally isolated from bovine stomach extract and has been demonstrated to be an endogenous ligand for orphan receptor APJ. Both apelin and the APJ receptor are widely distributed in the whole body. Apelin is supposed to have important regulatory roles in the function ...
Slavov S N - - 2010
Micro-ribonucleic acids (microRNAs) are small molecules containing 20-23 nucleotides. Despite their small size, it is likely that almost every cellular process is regulated by them. Moreover, aberrant microRNA expression has been involved in the development of various diseases, including cancer. Although many data are available about the role of microRNAs ...
Junker Andreas - - 2009
We established microRNA profiles from active and inactive multiple sclerosis lesions. Using laser capture microdissection from multiple sclerosis lesions to pool single cells and in vitro cultures, we assigned differentially expressed microRNA to specific cell types. Astrocytes contained all 10 microRNA that were most strongly upregulated in active multiple sclerosis ...
Joswig Jan-Ole - - 2009
Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations have been performed to investigate the proton-transfer mechanism in liquid phosphonic acid at different temperatures. The transfers are observed if additional charge carriers are present. The liquid phosphonic acid has been characterized by pair-distribution functions, self-diffusion coefficients, and hopping rates. Moreover, we find that the proton ...
Legouin Béatrice - - 2009
A new chiral molecular tweezer was synthesized with (1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane as spacer and two molecules of (+)-usnic acid as pincers. The ability of this molecular tweezer to bind 2,4,7-trinitrofluorenone was studied. A charge-transfer complex was formed in which TNF was sandwiched between the two usnic acid units with pi-pi-stacked aromatic interactions.
Chen Kuan-Hung - - 2009
Hexaamide receptor 4 and coumarin phosphate 5 form an ensemble for effective sensing of geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP). Fluorescence resonance energy transfer in the 4 + 5 ensemble diminishes when 5 is replaced by GPP. Receptor 4 binds selectively with GPP over other anions, including fatty acids. The 4-GPP complex in ...
Isogai Atsuko - - 2009
Dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) is involved in the unpalatable aroma of stale sake, called "hineka"; however, the mechanism underlying the formation of DMTS during the storage of sake has not been elucidated. This paper investigates the precursors of DMTS in sake. An experiment using [methyl-d(3)]-methionine showed that Strecker degradation of methionine ...
Moon Tae Seok - - 2009
A synthetic pathway has been constructed for the production of glucuronic and glucaric acids from glucose in Escherichia coli. Coexpression of the genes encoding myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase (Ino1) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and myo-inositol oxygenase (MIOX) from mice led to production of glucuronic acid through the intermediate myo-inositol. Glucuronic acid concentrations up ...
Takahagi Toshikazu - - 2008
In order to determine the allelopathic nature of lichen acids produced by lichen mycobionts, we compared lichen photobionts with other photosynthetic organisms in terms of inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport around photosystem II (PSII) by representative lichen acids. Whereas at the thylakoid level we found no clear difference in tolerance ...
Baik Sang-Ho - - 2009
L-threo-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylserine (DOPS) is a chiral unnatural beta-hydroxy amino acid used for the treatment of Parkinson disease. We developed a continuous bioconversion system for DOPS production that uses whole-cell biocatalyst of recombinant Escherichia coli expressing L-threonine aldolase (L-TA) genes cloned from Streptomyces avelmitilis MA-4680. Maximum conversion rates were observed at 2 ...
Wang Hong-Kai - - 2008
Fallen leaves of Ficus altissima, F. virens, F. benjamina, F. fistulosa and F. semicordata, were collected in Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand and examined for fungi. Eighty taxa were identified, comprising 56 anamorphic taxa, 23 ascomycetes and 1 basidiomycete. Common fungal species occurring on five host species with high ...
Martin Collin H - - 2009
Hydroxyacids represent an important class of compounds that see application in the production of polyesters, biodegradable plastics and antibiotics, and that serve as useful chiral synthetic building blocks for other fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals. An economical, high-titer method for the production of 4-hydroxyvalerate (4HV) and 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) from the inexpensive ...
Frey Guido D - - 2008
Conjugate acids of cyclic (amino)(phosphino)carbenes (P-NHCs) have been prepared, and several different processes have been observed during their deprotonation, which include the formation of a metastable P-NHC, an azomethine ylide, and a bicyclic phosphirane.
Lu Hua - - 2008
We report a new strategy that uses N-trimethylsilyl (N-TMS) amine to mediate controlled ring-opening polymerization of amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides (NCAs). This polymerization proceeds via a unique, trimethylsilyl carbamate (TMS-CBM) propagating group that results from the cleavage of the Si-N bond of N-TMS amine followed by NCA ring opening. Propagation of ...
Chutrakul Chanikul - - 2008
Trichoderma spp. are regularly found as a constituent of the mycoflora of many soils and are noted for their antagonistic activity against bacteria and other fungi. This latter property is the basis for the widespread interest in their use in the biological control of soil-borne fungal plant pathogens. This antagonism ...
Zheng Yucai - - 2008
Lactate dehydrogenase A4 (LDH-A4) was purified for yak skeletal muscle. Michaelis constant (Km) analysis showed that yak LDH-A4 for pyruvate was significantly higher than that of cattle. cDNA cloning of LDH-A revealed two amino acid substitutions between yak and cattle. We suggest that the higher Km of yak LDH-A4 might ...
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