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Choi Byung-Sang - - 2008
Previously, we reported the synthesis of stable gold nanorods with higher aspect ratio (approximately 15-20) and more enhanced uniformity by a modified seed mediated growth approach using a binary surfactant system consisting of CTAB and Pluronic F-127. For the in vivo application of gold nanorods, the removal of CTABs that ...
Kim Chulwoo - - 2008
Three organic sensitizers containing bis-dimethylfluorenyl amino donor and a cyanoacrylic acid acceptor bridged by p-phenylene vinylene unit were synthesized. The power conversion efficiency was quite sensitive to the length of bridged phenylene vinylene groups. A nanocrystalline TiO2 dye-sensitized solar cell was fabricated using three sensitizers. The maximum power conversion efficiency ...
Lim Jung Chae - - 2008
The thiol (-SH) of the active cysteine residue in peroxiredoxin (Prx) is known to be reversibly hyperoxidized to cysteine sulfinic acid (-SO(2)H), which can be reduced back to thiol by sulfiredoxin/sestrin. However, hyperoxidized Prx of an irreversible nature has not been reported yet. Using an antibody developed against the sulfonylated ...
Schobert Rainer - - 2008
A simplified procedure for the isolation of gram quantities of illudin M from culture broths of basidiomycete Omphalotus olearius is described. Esters of illudin M with docosahexaenoic acid, chlorambucil, demethylcantharidinic acid (endothall) and 2,2'-bipyridyl-5,5'-dicarboxylic acid were synthesised and tested for cytotoxicity and induction of apoptosis in two clinically relevant tumour ...
Böröczky Katalin - - 2008
Analyses of the hexane washes of antennae, forelegs and whole bodies of Helicoverpa zea, Heliothis virescens, and Manduca sexta revealed notable differences in the components of the cuticular coatings of each species. Most striking were the differences between the cuticular coatings of male and female antennae of both H. zea ...
Dave Shailesh R - - 2009
Studies were carried out to isolate Acid red 119 (AR-119) resistant and decolourising bacteria from dye contaminated soil and water samples. Six morphologically distinct bacterial isolates resistant to 100 ppm AR-119 dye were isolated directly from the soil and waste contaminated with azo dyes. The most efficient isolate, which showed ...
Nishiyama Takahito - - 2008
Phenylbutazone (PB) is known to be biotransformed to its O- and C-glucuronide. Recently, we reported that PB C-glucuronide formation is catalyzed by UGT1A9. Interestingly, despite UGT1A8 sharing high amino acid sequence identity with UGT1A9, UGT1A8 had no PB C-glucuronidating activity. In the present study, we constructed eight UGT1A9/UGT1A8 chimeras and ...
Wang Chao - - 2008
This paper presents a facile synthesis of single-crystalline Au nanowires by reduction of HAuCl4 in oleic acid and oleylamine. The diameter of these micron-meter-long Au nanowires is controlled to be 3 and 9 nm by volume ratio of oleylamine and oleic acid. When linked between two gold electrodes, the 9 ...
Russo Gabriel - - 2008
The Rio Agrio and Lake Caviahue system (RAC), in Northwestern Patagonia, is a natural acidic environment. The aims of this study were to characterize the yeast community and to provide the first ecological assessment of yeast diversity of this extreme aquatic environment. Yeast occurrence and diversity were studied at seven ...
Ganapathy Kulothungan - - 2008
Two families of sterol C24-methyltransferase (SMT) are responsible for the formation of the ergostane (C(1)-transfer activity; SMT1) and stigmastane (C(2)-transfer activity: SMT2) sterol side chains, respectively. The fungal Saccharomyces cerevisiae SMT1 (Erg6p) operates the first C(1)-transfer in concerted fashion to form a single product whereas the protozoan and plant SMTs ...
Silva Gustavo M - - 2008
The yeast 20S proteasome is subject to sulfhydryl redox alterations, such as the oxidation of cysteine residues (Cys-SH) into cysteine sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH), followed by S-glutathionylation (Cys-S-SG). Proteasome S-glutathionylation promotes partial loss of chymotrypsin-like activity and post-acidic cleavage without alteration of the trypsin-like proteasomal activity. Here we show that the ...
Steinle Anna - - 2008
Cyanophycin [multi-L-arginyl-poly(L-aspartic acid) (CGP)] was, for the first time, produced in yeast. As yeasts are very important production organisms in biotechnology, it was determined if CGP can be produced in two different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The episomal vector systems pESC (with the galactose-inducible promoter GAL1) and pYEX-BX (with the ...
James Anthony P - - 2008
Most recent studies on the physiology of proglycogen and macroglycogen in skeletal muscles have adopted a homogenization-free acid extraction protocol to separate these 2 pools of glycogen. The purposes of this study were to determine (a) whether this protocol is suitable; (b) if the acid-insoluble glycogen fraction corresponds to proglycogen; ...
Chang Yu-Ching - - 2008
The tumor suppressor p53 enhances repair of UVC-induced DNA damage. The comet-NE assay, a conventional alkaline comet assay which includes a nuclear digestion step, was used to examine the effects of p53 on the excision activity of nuclear extracts (NEs). In contrast with untreated NEs, NEs immunodepleted of p53 or ...
Wood Kathleen - - 2008
We used neutron scattering and specific hydrogen-deuterium labeling to investigate the thermal dynamics of isotope-labeled amino acids and retinal, predominantly in the active core and extracellular moiety of bacteriorhodopsin (BR) in the purple membrane and the dynamical response to hydration. Measurements on two neutron spectrometers allowed two populations of motions ...
Ishibashi Hiroshi - - 2008
Here we report on the in vivo estrogenic effects of two fluorotelomer alcohols, such as 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctan-1-ol (6:2 FTOH) and 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecan-1-ol (8:2 FTOH), in male medaka (Oryzias latipes). An in vitro yeast two-hybrid assay indicated a significant, dose-dependent interaction between medaka estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and coactivator TIF2 upon treatment with ...
Bharadwaj Prashant - - 2008
The 42 amino acid amyloid-beta (Abeta) can exist in multiple physical states including oligomers and fibrils. This study shows that fibril formation is hastened by the biological buffers required to support the growth of mammalian cells, but is prevented if Abeta is maintained in water. Here we describe a method ...
Bekedam E Koen - - 2008
The incorporation of chlorogenic acids (CGAs) and their subunits quinic and caffeic acids (QA and CA) in coffee brew melanoidins was studied. Fractions with different molecular weights, ionic charges, and ethanol solubilities were isolated from coffee brew. Fractions were saponified, and the released QA and CA were quantified. For all ...
Li Xia - - 2008
Response surface methodology, which allows for rapid identification of important factors and optimization of them to enhance enzyme production, was employed here to optimize culture conditions for the production of cis-epoxysuccinic acid hydrolase from Bordetella sp. strain 1-3. In the first step, a Plackett-Burman design was used to evaluate the ...
Matzkin Luciano M - - 2008
Drosophila mojavensis is a cactophilic fly endemic to the northwestern deserts of North America. This species includes four genetically isolated cactus host races each individually specializing on the necrotic tissues of a different cactus species. The necrosis of each cactus species provides the resident D. mojavensis populations with a distinct ...
Ding Xuefeng - - 2008
Polyaniline/magnetite nanocomposites consisting of polyaniline (PANI) nanorods surrounded by magnetite nanoparticles were prepared via an in situ self-assembly process in the presence of PANI nanorods. The synthesis is based on the well-known chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline in an acidic environment, with ammonium persulfate (APS) as the oxidant. An organic ...
Zhong Haizheng - - 2007
Ultrathin nanoplates of beta-phase semiconductor In2S3 with the diameter of 50 - 80 nm and a thickness of 1.85 nm were synthesized via a simple hot injection solution method with Hexadecylamine (HDA) as ligand, and the nanoplates self-assembled into superlattices by face to face stacking during evaporation of the solvent. ...
Edgar John A - - 2007
Many pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA)-adapted insects convert PAs sequestered from their larval host plants into "insect-PAs" in which the acid components of the alkaloids are replaced by small, branched aliphatic 2-hydroxy acids of insect origin. It has been proposed that insect-PAs are precursors of the pheromone hydroxydanaidal in male Estigmene acrea ...
Zeng Qingping - - 2008
Artemisinin, an endoperoxidized sesquiterpene originally extracted from the medicinal plant Artemisia annua L., is a potent malaria-killing agent. Due to the urgent demand and short supply of this new antimalarial drug, engineering enhanced production of artemisinin by genetically-modified or transgenic microbes is currently being explored. Cloning and expression of the ...
Li Hanfen - - 2008
The immunomodulatory properties of peptidoglycan (PGN), a constituent of the bacterial cell wall, have been studied extensively but with contrasting results. Recent studies have demonstrated that the TLR2-mediated inflammatory responses elicited by Gram-positive PGN preparations are in fact a result of contaminating lipoproteins and lipoteichoic acid that can be removed ...
Barata A - - 2008
AIMS: To identify ascomycetous yeasts recovered from sound and damaged grapes by the presence of honeydew or sour rot. METHODS AND RESULTS: In sound grapes, the mean yeast counts ranged from 3.20 +/- 1.04 log CFU g(-1) to 5.87 +/- 0.64 log CFU g(-1). In honeydew grapes, the mean counts ...
Safonova T A - - 2007
Addition of germanic acid into the culture medium of the diatom Synedra acus subsp. radians (Kutz.) Skabitsch. had nearly no influence on the culture growth at the Ge/Si molar ratio 0.01, but stopped it at ratios 0.05 and higher. It was shown by mass-spectrometry that at the Ge/Si ratio 0.01 ...
Kourtchenko Olga - - 2007
The jasmonate family of phytohormones, as represented by 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA), dinor-phytodienoic acid (dn-OPDA), and jasmonic acid in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), has been implicated in a vast array of different developmental processes and stress responses. Recent reports indicate that OPDA and dn-OPDA occur not only as free acids in Arabidopsis, ...
Kasture Manasi - - 2007
Sophorolipids are a class of glycolipids that can be obtained from fatty acids by simply treating them with yeast cells (Candida bombicola, ATCC 22214) and glucose. In this letter, we demonstrate the application of sophorolipids obtained from oleic acid as a capping agent for Co nanoparticles. Upon capping the nanoparticle ...
Gadgil Himanshu S - - 2007
Glycation of a recombinant monoclonal IgG2 molecule, in sucrose containing liquid formulations, was studied using reversed-phase LC/MS analysis of the intact IgG, the F(ab')2 fragments and after complete tryptic digestion. The extent of glycation in sucrose containing formulations was monitored at different temperatures over a period of 21 months using ...
Teece Mark A - - 2008
The leaf cuticular waxes of six Salix clones (one Salix miyabeana, one Salix dasyclados, one Salix eriocephala, two Salix purpurea, and one interspecific hybrid of Salix eriocephala x interior) with different biomass productivities were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Total wax content ranged from 6.3 to 16.8 microg cm(-2), and ...
Unno Tatsuya - - 2007
Newly isolated soil bacterium strain Jin1 was able to grow on both eugenol and isoeugenol each as sole source of carbon and energy. Based on bacterial 16S rDNA analysis, Jin1 belongs to Pseudomonas nitroreducens with a similarity of 98.92% (14/1297). P. nitroreducens Jin1 was found to biotransform eugenol and isoeugenol ...
Hiller A - - 2008
An approach to synthesize the electrophilic fluorinating agent no-carrier-added (n.c.a.) [18F]perchloryl fluoride ([18F]FClO3) in superacidic media in the presence of KClO4 or anhydrous perchloric acid starting from [18F]fluoride was demonstrated in this study. However, the radiochemical yields were low (1-6%) and poorly reproducible. Fluorosulphonic acid proved to be an essential ...
Heatley J Jill - - 2007
A mature bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) was diagnosed with mycobacterial infection after being presented for an inability to fly, emaciation, and a swelling of the left tibiotarsal-tarso metatarsal joint. Results of a complete blood cell count revealed a persistent, marked leukocytosis, with heterophilia, monocytosis, and anemia. Radiographs revealed lysis of ...
Nishimori Isao - - 2007
The first anion inhibition study of the mitochondrial human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoform hCA VB is reported. Fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, cyanate, thiocyanate, cyanide, azide, bicarbonate, carbonate, nitrate, nitrite, hydrogen sulfide, bisulfite, sulfate, sulfamide, sulfamic acid, phenylboronic acid and phenylarsonic acid were compared as inhibitors of the two ...
Okada Masahiro - - 2007
Bacillus mojavensis strain RO-H-1 produces a posttranslationally modified hexapeptide, the ComX(RO-H-1) pheromone, that stimulates natural genetic competence controlled by quorum sensing. LC/ESI-MS analysis of partially purification of the ComX(RO-H-1) pheromone suggested a precise modification in its tryptophan residue. The corresponding ComX(RO-H-1) pheromone prepared by solid-phase synthesis was identical to the ...
Zhou Xu-Hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Telomerase is an attractive molecular target because it is active in most malignant cells but undetectable in most normal somatic cells. Small, interfering ribonucleic acid segments have been shown to be effective tools for inhibiting the expression of a given gene within human cells. In the present study, we ...
Karim Md Razaul - - 2007
Macroautophagy, an intracellular bulk degradation process in eukaryotes, is sensitive to nutrient supply and deprivation. Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), a mammalian homologue of yeast Atg8, plays an indispensable role in macroautophagy formation and is a suitable marker for this process. Through analysis of the subcellular distribution of ...
Brendza Katherine M - - 2007
The development of nematicides targeting parasitic nematodes of animals and plants requires the identification of biochemical targets not found in host organisms. Recent studies suggest that Caenorhabditis elegans synthesizes phosphocholine through the action of PEAMT (S-adenosyl-L-methionine:phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferases) that convert phosphoethanolamine into phosphocholine. Here, we examine the function of a PEAMT ...
Li Qingxue - - 2007
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) glycoprotein E (gE) is required for VZV infection. Although gE is well conserved among alphaherpesviruses, the amino terminus of VZV gE is unique. Previously, we showed that gE interacts with insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) and facilitates VZV infection and cell-to-cell spread of the virus. Here we define the ...
Lobritz Michael A MA Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2007
Natural polymorphisms in the heterogeneous human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein may have an impact on both sensitivity to entry inhibitors and viral replicative fitness. Of significant interest is variation in the V3 crown due to its involvement in direct engagement with the coreceptor. Two positions in the ...
Ngo Silvana C - - 2007
An analog of pyrazinamide (PZA), 5-chloropyrazinamide (5-Cl-PZA), has previously been shown to inhibit mycobacterial fatty acid synthase I (FASI). FASI has been purified from a recombinant strain of M. smegmatis (M. smegmatis Deltafas1 attB::M. tuberculosis fas1). Following purification, FASI activity and inhibition were assessed spectrophotometrically by monitoring NADPH oxidation. The ...
Somolinos M - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence of sublethal injury after the pulsed-electric-field (PEF) treatment of two yeasts, Dekkera bruxellensis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as well as the relation of sublethal injury to the inactivating effect of the combination of PEF and sorbic acid. PEF caused sublethal injury ...
Ran Ningqing - - 2007
Directed evolution of 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogalactonate (KDPGal) aldolase for microbial synthesis of shikimate pathway products provides an alternate strategy to circumvent the competition for phosphoenolpyruvate between 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate (DAHP) synthase and the phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase system in Escherichia coli. E. coli KDPGal aldolase was evolved using a combination of error-prone polymerase chain ...
Chun Young-Jin - - 2007
Streptomyces and other bacterial actinomycete species produce many important natural products, including the majority of known antibiotics, and cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes catalyze important biosynthetic steps. Relatively few electron transport pathways to P450s have been characterized in bacteria, particularly streptomycete species. One of the 18 P450s in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), ...
Watanabe Tomoki - - 2007
Brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis palustris grows vigorously at high concentrations of oxalic acid (OA), which is fungal metabolite during wood decay. We isolated a cDNA FpTRP26 from F. palustris by functional screening of yeast transformants with cDNAs grown on plates containing OA. FpTRP26 conferred a specific resistance to OA on the ...
Yuan Zhiwen - - 2008
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) are widely used anthropogenic chelating agents for control of metal speciation and are ubiquitous in natural waters and wastewaters. This is the first report of systematic measurement of the growth yields of a mixed culture (BNC1-BNC2) on EDTA and its biodegradation intermediates, and ...
Nikko Elina - - 2007
Degradation of various membrane proteins in the lumen of the vacuole/lysosome requires their prior sorting into the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway. In this process, ubiquitin serves as a sorting signal for most cargoes. The yeast ubiquitin hydrolase Doa4 acts late in the MVB pathway. It's role is to catalyze deubiquitination ...
Mucha Joanna - - 2007
The production of proteolytic enzymes by several strains of ectomycorrhizal fungi i.e., Amanita muscaria (16-3), Laccaria laccata (9-12), L. laccata (9-1), Suillus bovinus (15-4), Suillus bovinus (15-3), Suillus luteus (14-7) on mycelia of Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma virens and Mucor hiemalis and sodium caseinate, yeast extract was evaluated. The strains of ...
Favero-Longo Sergio Enrico - - 2007
Sterile cultured isolates of lichen-forming ascomycetes have not yet been used to investigate mycobiont-mineral substrate interactions under controlled conditions. In this study Candelariella vitellina, Xanthoparmelia tinctina and Lecanora rupicola mycobionts were isolated and inoculated with chrysotile fibres in the laboratory, in order to verify whether physical and chemical weathering processes, ...
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