Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1071
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Le Petit-Thevenin J - - 1998
Pancreatic bile salt-dependent lipase (BSDL) hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters, triglycerides and phospholipids. BSDL is also capable of transferring free fatty acid to cholesterol. BSDL has been detected in many cells including fetal and tumor cells, hepatocytes, macrophages and eosinophils and in tissues such as adrenal glands and testes. The enzyme may ...
Xu G - - 1998
The effect of cholesterol feeding (3 g/day) on bile acid synthesis was examined in 10 New Zealand white rabbits (NZW), 8 Watanabe heterozygous and 10 homozygous rabbits with partial and complete deficiencies of LDL receptors. After 10 days of cholesterol feeding, bile fistulas were constructed and bile acid pool sizes ...
Pikuleva I A - - 1998
The primary physiological significance of cytochrome P450c27 (CYP27) has been associated with its role in the degradation of the side chain of C27 steroids in the hepatic bile acid biosynthesis pathway, which begins with 7alpha-hydroxylation of cholesterol in liver. However, recognition that in humans P450c27 is a widely or ubiquitously ...
Boechzelt H - - 1998
A new route for the preparation of 9-oxononanoyl cholesterol (5) and its stable dimethylacetal (4) is described. The core aldehyde 5 is one of the major products formed during lipid peroxidation. The synthesis starts with the ozonization of oleic acid in methanol and further reduction with dimethyl sulfide to yield ...
Béven L - - 1998
The membrane permeabilisation properties of six linear natural 18-residue peptaibols, termed trichorzins PA, have been assessed on liposomes and on mollicutes (trivial name, mycoplasmas), a class of parasitic bacteria characterized by a small genome, the lack of a cell wall, a minute cell size, and the incorporation in their plasma ...
Horton J D - - 1998
We produced transgenic mice that express a dominant-positive truncated form of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) in liver and adipose tissue. The encoded protein lacks the membrane-binding and COOH-terminal regulatory domains, and it is therefore not susceptible to negative regulation by cholesterol. Livers from the transgenic mice showed increases in ...
Horton J D - - 1998
Hepatic lipid synthesis is known to be regulated by food consumption. In rodents fasting decreases the synthesis of cholesterol as well as fatty acids. Refeeding a high carbohydrate/low fat diet enhances fatty acid synthesis by 5- to 20-fold above the fed state, whereas cholesterol synthesis returns only to the prefasted ...
Sorci-Thomas M G - - 1998
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) activates the plasma enzyme lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), catalyzing the rapid conversion of lipoprotein cholesterol to cholesterol ester. Structural mutants of apoA-I have been used to study the details of apoA-I-LCAT-catalyzed cholesterol ester formation. Several studies have shown that the alpha-helical segments corresponding to amino acids 143-164 and ...
Yehuda S - - 1998
Previous studies have shown that chronic administration of SR-3 (a 1:4 mixture of alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid) affects spatial learning, thermoregulation, pain threshold and protection from seizures. The mode of action is unknown. One possible explanation is that the preparation induces changes in the fatty acids profile and in the ...
Engblom J - - 1998
Small and wide-angle X-ray diffraction was used to study the phase behaviour of cholesterol-fatty acid mixtures in an attempt to understand lipid interaction occurring in the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of skin. The effect of the penetration enhancer Azone was investigated as well. It was found that equimolar mixtures ...
Donovan J M - - 1998
The intermixed micellar/intervesicular bile salt (BS) concentration (IMC), composed of BS monomers and simple micelles, is in dynamic equilibrium with mixed micelles and vesicles. Accurate separation of biliary lipid aggregates is believed to depend on accurately measuring the IMC. Using centrifugal ultrafiltration, we measured the IMC of cholesterol-supersaturated model biles ...
Mochizuki H - - 1998
Taurine, 2-amino ethanesulfonic acid, is the major free intracellular amino acid present in many tissues and plays an important role in lipid metabolism such as that of bile acid conjugation for fat absorption. The effect of taurine on the serum cholesterol level in normal rats was investigated. Taurine enhanced the ...
Ringel Y - - 1998
Changes in the molecular structure of biliary phospholipids were shown to have major effects on cholesterol solubility, carriers and crystallization in human and model biles. This study investigated systematically the effects of varying saturation of the phosphatidylcholine (PC) sn-2 fatty acid on the cholesterol crystallization process in 3 different model ...
Guarini P - - 1998
Erythrocyte-membrane fatty acid composition and cholesterol content were evaluated along with serum selenium in 33 patients with liver cirrhosis and in 40 normal subjects. Thirteen patients were suffering from post-viral (group V) and 20 from alcoholic (group A) cirrhosis. The aim of the study was to elucidate whether membrane lipid ...
Harris I R - - 1998
After permeability barrier perturbation there is an increase in the mRNA levels for key enzymes necessary for lipid synthesis in the epidermis. The mechanism(s) responsible for this regulation is unknown. Sterol regulatory element binding proteins-1a, 1c, and -2 (SREBPs) control the transcription of enzymes required for cholesterol and fatty acid ...
Wang J - - 1998
Previous studies have shown that cholesterol esterification activity by lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is progressively inhibited as up to three acidic acid residues are chemically modified. The purpose of this study was to determine whether three glutamic acid residues in LCAT (154, 155, and 165), that align exactly with three acidic ...
Agostoni C - - 1998
Both long-chain polyunsaturated (LCP) fatty acids and cholesterol are supplied by human milk. Dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the first 2 years of life have been associated with growth and developmental indices. Cholesterol supply does not seem relevant for structural purposes, but could have a role in the metabolism ...
Drouillat B - - 1998
Sugar-lipid conjugates with general structure 1-4 were prepared by coupling amino sugars with N-Boc-protected lipoamino acids and oligomers. Conjugates with general structure 5 were also prepared from glucuronic acid and methyl 2-aminohexadecanoate. The physicochemical properties of the conjugates were modified by varying the nature and number of sugars or the ...
Messner T - - 1998
In a case-control study we compared men who had suffered a myocardial infarction with age-matched controls free from clinically apparent ischemic heart disease. Our main interest were differences in serum lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations. We found no significant differences between these two populations. The fatty acid composition of the serum ...
Hart A P - - 1997
Elevated serum cholesterol, triglyceride, and free fatty acid levels have been identified as risk factors for sudden death from cardiovascular disease and increased risk for myocardial ischemia or arrhythmias; therefore, correlation of antemortem and postmortem lipid levels may be useful in establishing the cause, pathophysiology, or familial risk factors of ...
Xu G - - 1997
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cholesterol feeding unexpectedly inhibits cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase in rabbits. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism. METHODS: Twenty male New Zealand white rabbits were fed regular chow with and without 2% cholesterol for 10 days followed by 7 days of bile drainage. The activities ...
Post S M - - 1997
Consumption of boiled coffee raises serum cholesterol levels in humans. The diterpenes cafestol and kahweol in boiled coffee have been found to be responsible for the increase. To investigate the biochemical background of this effect, we studied the effects of cafestol and a mixture of cafestol/kahweol/isokahweol (48:47:5 w/w) on bile ...
Adachi J - - 1997
Adipocere formation is well known as a later postmortem change. We collected adipocere from five male victims which had been submerged under the sea or fresh water for 1 mon to 4 yr. Fresh subcutaneous fat of a male victim who died from a cerebral contusion was used as the ...
Mayhew E - - 1997
The ether lipid, 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3), has anticancer activity, but it has serious side-effects, including hemolysis, which prevent its optimal use. We surmised if ET-18-OCH3 could be stably associated with liposomes, less free ET-18-OCH3 would be available for lytic interaction with red cells. Liposome composition variables investigated included acyl chain saturation, ...
Forman B M - - 1997
LXRalpha is an orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily that displays constitutive transcriptional activity. We reasoned that this activity may result from the production of an endogenous activator that is a component of intermediary metabolism. The use of metabolic inhibitors revealed that mevalonic acid biosynthesis is required for ...
Majumder P K - - 1997
The petroleum ether extract and fraction 5 (fatty acids) of carrot seeds arrested the normal estrus cycle of adult mouse and reduced the weight of ovaries significantly. The cholesterol and ascorbic acid content in ovaries were significantly elevated due to the treatment with extract and fraction 5 (fatty acids) of ...
Yoshida T - - 1997
Competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase improve hypercholesterolemia. However, reports about the effects of these agents on bile acid synthesis, the metabolic pathway of cholesterol, are conflicting. We studied the short-term effect on one of these agents, pravastatin, on bile acid synthesis. Six male volunteers were given 40 mg of pravastatin. ...
Blanco-Vaca F - - 1997
The genetic and biochemical basis of fish-eye disease (FED) was investigated in a 63-year-old female proband with low plasma HDL cholesterol. Analyses of corneal and plasma lipids of the proband were consistent with impaired lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity. Free cholesterol and phospholipid levels were elevated relative to control values, whereas ...
Felton C V - - 1997
The propensity of atherosclerotic plaques to disrupt may be influenced by their lipid content and the distribution of these lipids within the plaque. To investigate this, we analyzed the morphological and lipid profiles of 668 human aortic plaques from 30 males who had died of ischemic heart disease. Plaques were ...
Ryoji Y - - 1997
The purpose of this study was observe the effects of soil-transmitted helminthiasis on the amounts of fatty acids in the serum. The subjects were 32 females with age ranging from 15 to 55 years old (22.6 +/- 12.0). The intensity of infection was light based on the criteria of the ...
Rule D C - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to determine how diverse beef cattle production systems affect fatty acids and cholesterol of meat. Crossbred cows were bred by AI to high (H) or moderate (M) growth rate potential bulls to produce spring- or fall-born calves. Steer calves from these matings were placed ...
Awad A C - - 1997
The composition and functional properties of cholesterol reduced egg yolk (CREY) were compared to those of control egg yolk (EY). The CREY was prepared by absorbing cholesterol with beta-cyclodextrin after dilution and dissociation of granules at pH 10.5. The CREY contained less lipid and protein and more carbohydrate and ash ...
Makino I - - 1997
AIM: To examine the regulatory effect of bile acid level on bile acid synthesis in the liver. METHODS: The portal branch perfusing left lateral and median lobes of the liver was ligated in rats and the activities of hepatic microsomal cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid synthesis, ...
Daggy B P - - 1997
Recent findings suggest that the effects of cholestyramine and psyllium in combination could be additive for cholesterol-lowering. We therefore examined the effect of both agents, alone and in combination, on lipoprotein cholesterol and neutral and acidic steroid excretion in the hamster. Animals (n = 8/group) were fed for 21 days, ...
Tahri K - - 1997
To determine the conditions of cholesterol assimilation,various strains of Bifidobacterium species were cultured in the presence of cholesterol and bile salts. During culturing, Bifidobacterium breve ATCC 15700 assimilates cholesterol in the presence of oxgall at pH values lower than 6. This strain was selected to study the influence of conjugated ...
Uboldi P - - 1996
Eight murine monoclonal antibodies (Mab) to apolipoprotein A-I were characterized for their epitopes and for their ability to interfere with lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activation mediated by apo apoA-I using a synthetic substrate. Using overlapping synthetic peptides we have identified six continuous epitopes that span amino acids 1-10 (Mab A-I-19), 96-101 ...
Higashijima H - - 1996
To examine the initial step of brown pigment gallstone formation, sterile human gallbladder bile samples were incubated with or without beta-glucuronidase in vitro. Enhanced bilirubin deconjugation achieved by adding beta-glucuronidase significantly accelerated the formation of a precipitate that contained bilirubin (28.2 +/- 3.8% of dry weight), cholesterol (14.3 +/- 5.2%), ...
Ohrvall M - - 1996
A low serum tocopherol concentration and a low proportion of linoleic acid in plasma cholesterol esters have been reported to be associated with coronary heart disease. This study was undertaken to evaluate the predictive importance of the serum cholesterol ester fatty acid composition and serum tocopherol concentration in addition to ...
Mustad V A - - 1996
The present study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary fatty acids on hepatic LDL receptor (LDLr) protein abundance and mRNA levels. Sixty pigs were randomized into 10 groups and fed corn-soybean meal diets containing three cholesterol levels (0.25%, 0.5%, and 1.0%, w/w) with no added fat, or fats ...
Kerwin J L - - 1996
Lagenidium giganteum, a facultative parasite of mosquito larvae, cannot synthesize sterols, and requires an exogenous source of these lipids in order to enter its reproductive cycle. This parasite grows vegetatively in the absence of sterols, but requires cholesterol or structurally related compounds to produce motile zoospores, which are the only ...
Pakarinen M P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol, long-chain fatty acids, and fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed mainly in the upper small intestine and bile acids in the terminal ileum. This study determined the consequences of ileal autotransplantation on cholesterol metabolism, plasma fatty acids, and vitamin A absorption. METHODS: Plasma lipids, cholesterol precursors, plant sterols, cholestanol, fatty ...
Stillwell W - - 1996
The techniques of differential scanning calorimetry, fluorescence of merocyanine 540, fluorescence polarization of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene, proton permeability, and lipid peroxidation are used to compare the perturbations of cholesterol and alpha-tocopherol on lipid bilayer membranes composed of different phosphatidylcholines containing stearic acid in the sn-1 position and an unsaturated fatty acid (either ...
Benoist F - - 1996
Triglycerides (TGs), cholesteryl esters (CEs), cholesterol, and phosphatidylcholine have been independently proposed as playing regulatory roles in apoB-100 secretion; the results depended on the cellular model used. In this study, we reinvestigate the role of lipids in apoB-100 production in HepG2 cells and in particular, we clarify the respective roles ...
Adachi J - - 1996
We describe a new concept implicating oxidized cholesterol derivatives and very long-chain fatty acids as possible factors in the development of corneal opacification after death. Corneal tissues, removed from both fresh and stale fish eyes, were examined for cholesterol derivatives and fatty acids after methanolysis of lipids. Cholesta-3,5-dien-7-one, cholest-4-en-3-one, hexacosenoic ...
Xu G - - 1996
The effect of bile acid depletion and replacement with glycodeoxycholic acid on plasma cholesterol concentrations, hepatic low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels, and hepatic activities and mRNA levels for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase and cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase was investigated in 19 New Zealand white (NZW) and ...
Yehuda S - - 1996
Previous studies have shown that chronic administration of SR-3 (a 1:4 mixture of alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid) affects spatial learning, thermoregulation, pain threshold, and protection from seizures. The mode of action of SR-3 is unknown. One possible explanation is that SR-3 induces changes in the FA profile and in the ...
Ku E C - - 1996
The biosynthesis of cholesterol and fatty acid (FA) proceeds by independent pathways. Information is lacking on potential interaction that could provide feedback regulation between these pathways. In an attempt to search for a new approach to produce a dual effect on regulation of these two processes, we have identified mevalonate-5-diphosphate ...
Schwarz M - - 1996
Past experiments and current paradigms of cholesterol homeostasis suggest that cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase plays a crucial role in sterol metabolism by controlling the conversion of cholesterol into bile acids. Consistent with this conclusion, we show in the accompanying paper that mice deficient in cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (Cyp7-/- mice) exhibit a complex phenotype ...
Ishibashi S - - 1996
Mice deficient in cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid biosynthesis, were constructed by targeted disruption of the Cyp7 gene. The introduced mutation removed exons 3-5 of the gene and gave rise to a null allele that encoded no immunoreactive or enzymatically active protein. Heterozygous carriers of the disrupted ...
Frolov A - - 1996
Relatively little is known regarding intracellular cholesterol trafficking pathways. To resolve some of these potential pathways, spontaneous and protein-mediated sterol transfer was examined between different donor-acceptor membrane pairs in vitro using L-cell fibroblast plasma membrane (PM) and microsomal (MICRO) and mitochondrial (MITO) membranes. Several new exciting insights were provided. First, ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >