Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1715
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Takashima M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Body gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection appears to inhibit gastric acid secretion. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of H pylori infection on gastric acid secretion and clarify its mechanisms with reference to interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta). METHODS: (1) Mongolian gerbils were inoculated ...
DiMagno E P - - 2001
Adding either H(2)-receptor antagonists (cimetidine or ranitidine) or proton pump inhibitors to an adequate amount of lipolytic activity improves fat malabsorption in most cases and abolishes steatorrhoea in up to 40% of children and adults with cystic fibrosis and in adults with chronic pancreatitis. Acid suppression improves fat absorption because ...
Capurso G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric acid hypersecretion and NSAID consumption may cause peptic ulcer. AIM: To investigate the respective roles of H. pylori and acid secretion in bleeding duodenal ulcer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 99 duodenal ulcer patients were referred for evaluation of acid secretion: seven with Zollinger-Ellison ...
Roy P K - - 2001
We prospectively studied 235 patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) (205 without and 30 with prior acid-reducing surgery) and compared the results with 984 patients from 182 reports in the literature. The aims of the study were to evaluate the sensitivity of proposed acid secretory criteria for the diagnosis of ZES, ...
Fändriks L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nitrite (NO2-) in swallowed saliva is reduced to nitric oxide (NO) and other nitrogen oxides by the intragastric acidity. This mechanism is probably important for the intragastric clearance of ingested micro-organisms and nitrosating compounds. The study examines the balance between intragastric NO and NO2- in relation to endogenous acid ...
Kubba A K - - 2001
The management of peptic ulcer haemorrhage still poses questions and controversies and this applies to the pharmacological mode. This review suggests that high-dose acid suppression is beneficial in reducing rebleeding and surgery rates. The choice of acid suppressant is far from conclusive, but emerging evidence suggests that proton pump inhibitors ...
Everett S M - - 2001
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with elevated gastric mucosal concentrations of the lipid peroxidation product malondialdehyde and reduced gastric juice vitamin C concentrations. Malondialdehyde can react with DNA bases to form the mutagenic adduct malondialdehyde-deoxyguanosine (M(1)-dG). We aimed to determine gastric mucosal levels of M(1)-dG in relation to H. pylori ...
Sanduleanu S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Intragastric growth of non-Helicobacter pylori bacteria commonly occurs during acid-suppressive therapy. The long-term clinical consequences are still unclear. AIM: To investigate the luminal and mucosal bacterial growth during gastric acid inhibition, in relation to the type and duration of acid-inhibitory treatment, as well as to concomitant H. pylori infection. ...
Kim E A - - 2001
Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the upper esophagus is frequently found during endoscopic examination. Although most patients with heterotopic gastric mucosa of the upper esophagus, referred as inlet patch, are asymptomatic, symptomatic patients with complications resulting from this ectopic mucosa have also been reported. Acid secretion by the inlet patch has ...
Orihara T - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Whether Helicobacter pylori eradication alters gastric mucosal phospholipid contents and their fatty acid composition remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of H. pylori eradication on gastric mucosal phosphatidylcholine (PC) content and its fatty acid composition. METHODS: Endoscopic biopsy specimens were ...
Korolkiewicz R P - - 2001
The activity of porcine galanin (Gal) fragments and analogues were tested in vitro using rat gastric fundus strips. The peptides contracted longitudinal smooth muscle in a concentration-dependent manner with the following order of potency: [Nle4]Gal(1-15), Gal(-15), [Cle4]Gal(1-15), [Hse6]Gal(1-15), [Va14]Gal(1-15), [Ile4]Gal(1-15), [endoTrip2a, Cle4]Gal(1-15), [desThr3, Cle4]Gal(1-15), [D-Leu4] Gal(1-15), [desLeu4]Gal(1-15). On the contrary ...
Beil W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In duodenal ulcer patients, intragastric acidity during omeprazole treatment is significantly lower before Helicobacter pylori eradication than after cure. AIMS: To determine if H pylori enhances the acid inhibitory potency of omeprazole in isolated parietal cells and on H(+)/K(+)-ATPase. METHODS: Rat parietal cells and pig gastric membrane vesicles enriched ...
Flemström G - - 2001
The gastroduodenal mucosa is a dynamic barrier restricting entry of gastric acid and other potentially hostile luminal contents. Mucosal HCO3(-) is a key element in preventing epithelial damage, and knowledge about HCO3(-) transport processes, including the role of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator channel, and their neurohumoral control are ...
Konturek P C - - 2001
Nalpha-methyl histamine is an unusual histamine metabolite which is produced in the stomach infected by Helicobacter pylori and which was shown in animals to stimulate gastric acid secretion and to release gastrin in vitro isolated G-cells, but no information is available regarding its influence on gastric secretion and gastrin release ...
Mearadji B - - 2001
The present study was performed to investigate the effect of amino acids during the intestinal and postabsorptive phase of digestion on proximal gastric motor function measured with an electronic barostat. Eight healthy volunteers participated in three experiments performed during continuous infusion of: (1) intravenous and intraduodenal saline, (2) intraduodenal amino ...
Dixit C - - 2001
Studies on the gastric proton pump are mostly performed on the H(+), K(+)-ATPase enzyme in the microsomal preparation or by aminopyrine accumulation in the gastric parietal cells. H(+), K(+)-ATPase activity is estimated by both spectrophotometric and fluorimetric methods. In the present study, quenching or augmentation in acridine orange (AO) fluorescence ...
Westphal F - - 2001
A fatality caused by ingestion of a decalcifying agent containing formic acid is reported. Quantitative analysis of formic acid in the form of its methyl ester was performed in different body fluids and organ samples using head-space gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. The blood taken at the time of ...
Johansson B - - 2001
Modest acute hypovolaemia in rats markedly decreases the duodenal mucosal alkaline secretion via neurohumoral links. The present study was undertaken to investigate if such a procedure influences the morphological changes observed following an acid challenge of the duodenal mucosa. Experiments were performed on anaesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. HCl (10 or ...
Saitoh T - - 2001
Most patients with peptic ulcers or gastroesophageal reflex disease develop subjective symptoms of epigastralgia and retrosternal pain during the period of time from the middle of the night to the early dawn (nocturnal pain). Such pain often disappears before breakfast. Disturbed circadian rhythm of gastric acid secretion may have a ...
Namiot Z - - 2001
Earlier reports suggested that adenosine deaminase activity in the gastric corpus mucosa depends upon either gastric acid secretion or severity of chronic gastritis. Knowing that gastric acid secretion corresponds well with histological status of the gastric mucosa, the aim of this study was to determine the enzyme activity in relation ...
Shibata H - - 2001
This study attempted to enhance the anti-ulcer activity of fucoidan from Cladosiphon okamuranus TOKIDA by chemical modification with a hydrophobic group. The suitable number of fucose residues in the effective compound was also clarified to obtain a compound of constant quality. Degraded fucoidans were coupled with several hydrophobic groups via ...
Pisegna J R - - 2001
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the most effective antisecretory drugs available for controlling gastric acid acidity and volume. They are the drugs of choice in the treatment of moderate-to-severe gastroesophageal reflux disease, hypersecretory disorders, and peptic ulcers. Currently in the United States, they are only available in an oral formulation. ...
Jacobson K K Department of Medicine, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, - - 2001
Patients with duodenal ulcer (DU) have an increased parietal cell mass and sensitivity to secretagogues, with increased acid output. To determine the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on parietal cell sensitivity and gastric acid secretion. Twenty-five H pylori-positive DU patients and 18 H pylori-negative healthy volunteers were studied. Serum H ...
Bujanda L - - 2000
Regardless of the type and dose of beverage involved, alcohol facilitates the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease by reducing the pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter and esophageal motility. Fermented and nondistilled alcoholic beverages increase gastrin levels and acid secretion. Succinic and maleic acid contained in certain alcoholic drinks also ...
Asai T - - 2000
We investigated whether low-dose erythromycin (200 mg) given as an oral premedicant altered the residual gastric volume and its acidity in fasted patients at induction of anaesthesia in a single-blinded study. Sixty patients were allocated randomly to receive either an erythromycin tablet (200 mg) or nothing with 10 ml water ...
Murray S - - 2000
Infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori is associated with altered gastric acid secretion and gastrointestinal disease. Recent work has suggested that N alpha-methylhistamine, produced by the bacterium and acting on histamine receptors in gastric tissue, might be involved. Gastric juice and tissue biopsies from infected patients have been analysed for ...
Kikuchi S - - 2000
Marginal ulcer after proximal gastrectomy has never been previously reported, despite that this procedure preserves the fundic gland area of the stomach, which secretes gastric acid. In this report, we describe a patient who developed a marginal ulcer on the oral side of the gastrojejunal anastomosis after proximal gastrectomy by ...
Silva J G - - 2000
A low frequency of Helicobacter pylori in the gastric mucosa of patients with alkaline gastritis has been reported. At the same time, it can be noted that the growth of bacteria can be inhibited by bile acids. We studied 40 patients with chronic gastritis related to Helicobacter pylori in order ...
Lucini D - - 2000
Beyond the fundamental pathogenetic importance of Helicobacter Pylori a possible additional role of vagal innervation in favouring or modulating the clinical history of duodenal ulcer (DU) has been suggested by old studies employing invasive methodologies. Aim of this study was to assess whether vagal prevalence in autonomic modulation was present ...
Sachs G - - 2000
This review focuses on the gastric acid pump as a therapeutic target for the control of acid secretion in peptic ulcer and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. The mechanism of the proton pump inhibitors is discussed as well as their clinical use. The biology of Helicobacter pylori as a gastric denizen is ...
Hirsch D P - - 2000
In a previous study we showed that nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibition by NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) reduced the number of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) triggered by gastric balloon distention. The role of NO in postprandial TLESRs and gastroesophageal reflux, however, is unknown. Therefore, we studied the effect of L-NMMA ...
Harford W V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Between 1976 and 1987, 35 cases of acute gastritis with hypochlorhydria (AGH) were seen in our research laboratory. The aims of this study were to determine the natural history of AGH and the role of Helicobacter pylori in its pathogenesis. METHODS: Archived serum and gastric biopsy samples obtained from ...
Hatlebakk J G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors including omeprazole and lansoprazole inhibit gastric acid secretion by selectively and non-competitively inactivating the H+, K+ ATPase molecules of the parietal cell, but possibly only those that are actively secreting acid. This might imply that stimulation of acid secretion by a meal is necessary for optimal ...
Stetinová V - - 2000
Highly reactive oxygen-free radicals are implicated in the pathogenic process of various diseases. Using an animal model of diabetes (alloxan-induced hyperglycaemia in mice), a model of gastric ulcer (indomethacin-induced gastric lesion in rats), and a model of bronchial asthma (ovalbumin-induced allergic bronchospasm in guinea pigs), a potential therapeutic effect was ...
Ikinci G - - 2000
A buccoadhesive controlled-release system for delivery of carbamazepine (CBZ) was prepared by compression of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and carbomer, incorporating a penetration enhancer, sodium glycodeoxycholate (GDC). The release behaviour of systems containing CBZ and various amounts of the two polymers with and without GDC was found to be non-Fickian. Formation ...
Avner D L - - 2000
Pantoprazole is a new proton pump inhibitor indicated for the treatment of erosive esophagitis associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and is available in both oral and intravenous (IV) formulations. This paper reviews the pharmacologic properties of pantoprazole and summarizes the findings from clinical studies of this drug. This review ...
Symonds E L - - 2000
1. Gastric emptying studies in small laboratory animals are hampered by the deficiency of a technique that is non-invasive and repeatable. The aim of the present study was to adapt the non-invasive [13C]-octanoic acid breath test, which has been validated in humans, to assess both liquid and solid gastric emptying ...
McColl K E - - 2000
It is now recognized that Helicobacter pylori infection exerts profound and diverse effects on gastric acid secretory function and that the alterations in acid secretion depend on the pattern of gastritis caused by the infection. In patients with an antral predominant nonatrophic gastritis, there is acid hypersecretion leading to duodenal ...
Galati E M - - 2000
The effects of chronic intragastric administration of the aerial parts decoction of Teucrium divaricatum Heldr. ssp. divaricatum (Labiateae) on experimental acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)-induced ulcer were studied in rats. The ulcer index and histological mucosa regeneration were evaluated. The ulcer index significantly decreased (U.I. 1.7+/-1.5; P<0.05) after treatment with a lyophilized ...
Manifold D K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The effect of long-term acid suppression therapy in Barrett oesophagus remains unknown, but the high intragastric pH generated has been shown to increase the cytotoxicity of duodenal refluxate on foregut mucosa. However, recent work suggests that duodenogastric reflux (DGR) may be reduced by omeprazole. AIM: To investigate the effect ...
Nosál'ová V - - 2000
(1) To verify the proposed role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in ulcerative colitis, the effect of an antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was studied in acetic acid (AA)-induced colonic inflammation. (2) Depending on the dose used, NAC administered intracolonically was found to reduce the extent of colonic damage, along with a ...
Icatlo F C - - 2000
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The significance of acid-primed recognition of ligands by Helicobacter pylori urease is unknown. This study aimed to further characterize the specificity of urease adherence in vitro and verify whether specific inhibition will translate into in vivo suppression of colonization. METHODS: A highly sensitive competitive enzyme-linked ligand capture ...
Katsube T - - 2000
Nocturnal gastric acid breakthrough is defined as night-time periods when gastrin pH falls below 4.0 for greater than 1h during administration of a proton pump inhibitor. This phenomenon is a serious problem for patients who require strict control of their gastric acid secretions. To investigate the prevalence of nocturnal gastric ...
Martínek J - - 2000
The relationship between gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Helicobacter pylori is unclear. Recent data indicate that H. pylori probably exerts a protective effect against GERD. In recent years, the interaction between H. pylori, proton pump inhibitors and GERD has been widely studied. Currently available proton pump inhibitors produce significantly higher ...
Crenn P - - 2000
Low-rate (6 ml/h) intragastric infusion of stable, isotope-labeled amino acids is commonly used to assess the splanchnic handling of amino acids in humans. However, when used in the postabsorptive state, this method yields unreliable plasma isotopic enrichments, with a coefficient of variation >10%. In this metabolic condition, we confirmed in ...
Fujita T - - 2000
We compared a viscous fingering formation of hydrochloric acid (HCl) in rabbit corpus, antral and duodenal mucins and with dextran under neutral and acidic conditions with respect to relative viscosity, molecular mass, and carbohydrate composition. The effect of desialyzation of duodenal mucin on the viscous fingering formation of HCl was ...
Mandel K G - - 2000
Alginate-based raft-forming formulations have been marketed word-wide for over 30 years under various brand names, including Gaviscon. They are used for the symptomatic treatment of heartburn and oesophagitis, and appear to act by a unique mechanism which differs from that of traditional antacids. In the presence of gastric acid, alginates ...
Laine L - - 2000
This review examines the evidence for the development of adverse effects due to prolonged gastric acid suppression with proton pump inhibitors. Potential areas of concern regarding long-term proton pump inhibitor use have included: carcinoid formation; development of gastric adenocarcinoma (especially in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection); bacterial overgrowth; enteric infections; ...
Gregory N G - - 2000
AIMS: To evaluate the toxicity, animal behavioural effects and animal welfare implications of 3-nitropropionic acid administration in possums. METHODS: The behavioural effects following 3-nitropropionic acid administration were recorded in 26 possums. RESULTS: The oral LD50 was between 110 and 170 mg/kg. Time to death averaged 9.5+/-1.9 h (mean+/-s.e.m.). Adverse signs ...
Ohshiro K - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The etiology of idiopathic gastric perforation (IGP) in neonates is unclear. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) express tyrosine kinase receptor C-kit, and act as gastrointestinal pacemaker cells. Stem cell factor (SCF) is a C-kit ligand and plays an important role in immune system homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract. The ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >