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Marciano Tuvia - - 2007
The production of acid by the stomach is a tightly controlled physiological process that involves neural and hormonal mechanisms and the input of several epithelial cell types. The past several years have seen significant advances in our understanding of the molecular ontogenesis of the stomach and the factors controlling stomach ...
Muñoz G - - 2007
Refinement of previous QTL on porcine chromosome 12 for fatty-acid composition and a candidate gene association analysis were conducted using an Iberian x Landrace cross. The concentrations of ten fatty acids were assayed in backfat tissue from which four metabolic ratios were calculated for 403 F2 animals. Linkage analysis identified ...
Eliakim R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rectally administered mesalazine (mesalamine; 5-aminosalicylic acid) is the first-line therapy for treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Recently, a high-volume 5-aminosalicylic acid foam has been shown to be as effective and safe as standard 5-aminosalicylic acid enema. AIM: To study the efficacy and safety of a low-volume vs. a high-volume ...
Sanaka Masaki - - 2007
It is generally considered that gastric acid suppression delays gastric emptying of solid meals because gastric hypoacidity impairs peptic digestion and antral triturition. Rabeprazole is one of the most potent acid suppressants. We conducted this cross-over study to investigate if rabeprazole delays gastric emptying of liquid nutrients, for which peptic ...
Vasconcelos P C P - - 2008
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mouriri pusa Gardn. (Melastomataceae) is a medicinal plant commonly used by people living in the Cerrado to treat gastrointestinal disturbances. This medicinal plant has shown intense gastroprotective action in rodent gastric lesion, but still there are no data about its healing effect on gastric mucosa. AIM OF THE ...
Ohno Takashi - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The gastrointestinal tract is known to be rich in neural systems, among which afferent neurons are reported to exhibit protective actions. We tested whether an endogenous neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), can prevent gastric mucosal injury elicited by ethanol and enhance healing of acetic acid-induced ulcer using ...
Heitzmann Dirk - - 2007
The gastric H+-K+-ATPase pumps H+ into the lumen and takes up K+ in parallel. In the acid-producing parietal cells, luminal KCNE2/KCNQ1 K+ channels play a pivotal role in replenishing K+ in the luminal fluid. Inactivation of KCNE2/KCNQ1 channels abrogates gastric acid secretion and dramatically modifies the architecture of gastric mucosa.
Ulualp Seckin O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Response to acid suppressive therapy varies in patients with extraesophageal esophageal reflux disease (EERD). Inadequate suppression of gastric acid may contribute to the observed differences in the response to the treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate suppression of gastric acid in EERD patients being treated with ...
Zimmermann Peter Jan - - 2008
A series of novel 6-substituted imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazines were synthesized via palladium catalyzed amino- or alkoxycarbonylation as key step. The anti-secretory activity of these compounds has been assessed in a binding assay against H(+)/K(+)-ATPase from hog gastric mucosa. Some of the compounds proved to be potent inhibitors of the gastric acid pump.
Theilla Miryam - - 2007
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Clin. Nutr., doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2007.06.015. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
Mello Vanessa J - - 2008
Latex from Caricaceae contains proteolytic enzymes localized in the fruit, which are used ethnopharmacologically to treat digestive disorders. Some of these proteins display proliferative properties when probed with mammalian cells, suggesting a role in the reconstruction of wounded tissue. We tested the efficacy of a proteolytic fraction derived from Carica ...
Castillo-Juárez Israel - - 2007
Amphipterygium adstringens (Schltdl.) Standl. (Anacardiaceae) is widely used in traditional Mexican medicine for the treatment of gastritis and ulcers. In this work, we studied the anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of its bark, this Gram-negative bacterium is considered the major etiological agent of chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, and it ...
Ragasa Regina - - 2007
The role of isothiocyanate (ITC) in blocking epithelial restitution after injury and in the recovery of round wounds was examined in the ex vivo guinea pig stomach and in rat gastric mucosal-1 (RGM1) cells, respectively. For this, recovery of transepithelial electrical resistance and morphology after injury or the closure of ...
Darias M J - - 2007
Organogenesis of the red porgy (Pagrus pagrus L., 1758) was examined from hatching until 63 days post-hatching (dph) using histological and histochemical techniques. At hatching, the heart appeared as a tubular structure which progressively developed into four differentiated regions at 2 dph: bulbus arteriosus, atrium, ventricle and sinus venosus. First ...
Ofokansi K C - - 2007
Soluble mucin (S-mucin) processed from the small intestines (ileal region) of freshly slaughtered pigs via homogenization, dialysis, centrifugation and lyophilization and its admixtures with type A gelatin were dispersed in an aqueous medium and used to formulate ceftriaxone sodium-loaded mucoadhesive microspheres by the emulsification cross-linking method using arachis oil as ...
Bartholomeeusen Stefaan - - 2007
This study examined time trends in the incidence of peptic ulcers and oesophagitis, and the prescription of acid-inhibiting drugs in the period 1994-2003. Data were retrieved from records in general practices in Flanders, Belgium. The incidence of duodenal ulcers decreased by two-thirds and the incidence of gastric ulcers halved, the ...
Wultsch Thomas - - 2008
Gastric acid challenge of the rat and mouse stomach is signalled to the brainstem as revealed by expression of c-Fos. The molecular sensors relevant to the detection of gastric mucosal acidosis are not known. Since the acid-sensing ion channels ASIC2 and ASIC3 are expressed by primary afferent neurons, we examined ...
Santhosh Sethumadhavan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is the major causative factor of ulcer but the use of ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have also been implicated in development of ulcer. The purpose of the present study was to determine the anti-ulcer effect of glucosamine. METHODS: The protective effect of glucosamine on ibuprofen-induced ...
Choi Seul Min - - 2007
This study evaluated the gastroprotective activity of DA-6034 against various ulcerogens including ethanol, aspirin, indomethacin, stress, and acetic acid. The basic mechanisms of DA-6034 as a defensive factor such as mucus secretion and endogenous prostaglandin E(2) synthesis were determined. Rats with gastric lesions induced by ethanol-HCl, aspirin, indomethacin, and stress ...
Lemos Marivane - - 2007
Baccharis dracunculifolia is the most important botanical source of Southeastern Brazilian propolis, known as green propolis for its colour. In a previous study, we described the gastric protective effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of Brazilian green propolis. We therefore wanted to investigate the possibility of using B. dracunculifolia extract for ...
Chiu Yi-Lin - - 2007
Recent studies have shown that coadministration of certain protease inhibitors (PIs) with gastric acid-reducing agents results in decreased plasma concentrations of the PI. To assess the effect of acid-reducing agents on lopinavir/ritonavir, data from two clinical trials (n = 38 and 190) were pooled. Both trials randomized antiretroviral-naïve, HIV-infected patients ...
Gürbüz Ilhan - - 2007
The guaianolide type sesquiterpene lactones chlorojanerin, 13-acetyl solstitialin A and solstitialin A were identified as the anti-ulcerogenic components of the chloroform extract of the aerial parts of Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis (Asteraceae). In this study, these compounds were investigated by using various in vivo ulcer models in rats and mice. ...
Marciani Luca - - 2007
Preprocessed fatty foods often contain calories added as a fat emulsion stabilized by emulsifiers. Emulsion stability in the acidic gastric environment can readily be manipulated by altering emulsifier chemistry. We tested the hypothesis that it would be possible to control gastric emptying, CCK release, and satiety by varying intragastric fat ...
Kuroda Naoto - - 2007
Anal canal adenocarcinomas arising in the anal ducts or glands are very rare neoplasms, and few useful immunohistochemical markers of these carcinomas are known to date. A 57-year-old man presented with anal bleeding, difficulty of defecation, and anal pain. Macroscopic findings of the surgically resected material showed circular stenosis of ...
Uchida Masayuki - - 2007
Breath test using 13C-labeled compound has been used as a convenient method to evaluate gastric emptying. 13C-Labeled acetic acid or octanoic acid has been used in clinic. However, there is few report comparing two compounds. This study aimed to compare 13C-acetic acid and 13C-octanoic acid in newly-constituted breath test for ...
Devi Rethinam Sundaresan - - 2007
AIM: The present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of methanolic extract of Terminalia arjuna (TA) on diclofenac sodium induced gastric ulcer in experimental rats. METHODS: Animals were induced for gastric ulcer with diclofenac sodium (DIC) (80mg/kg bodyweight in water, orally) and treated orally with TA in various doses ...
Clarke A T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An unbuffered pocket of highly acidic juice is observed at the gastric cardia after a meal in healthy subjects. AIMS: To compare the postprandial acid pocket in healthy subjects and patients with severe reflux disease and define its position relative to anatomical and manometric landmarks. METHODS: 12 healthy subjects ...
Farré Ricard - - 2007
In patients with non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease, heartburn can occur when acid reaches sensory nerve endings through oesophageal-mucosa-dilated intercellular spaces. Stressful life events may increase heartburn perception. In the rat, acute stress increases gastric and intestinal mucosa permeability. We investigated whether acute stress can also increase oesophageal mucosa permeability and ...
Genisset Christophe - - 2007
The vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) is a major virulence factor of Helicobacter pylori, the bacterium associated to gastroduodenal ulcers and stomach cancers. VacA induces formation of cellular vacuoles that originate from late endosomal compartments. VacA forms an anion-selective channel and its activity has been suggested to increase the osmotic pressure in ...
Katz P O - - 2007
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients on proton pump inhibitors before breakfast or dinner have acid recovery at night. Bedtime immediate-release omeprazole (IR-OME) demonstrated better control of nocturnal pH than pantoprazole before dinner. To compare repeated once daily bedtime dosing of IR-OME, lansoprazole and esomeprazole on nocturnal gastric acidity. Open-label, randomized, ...
Omari Taher I - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is increasingly being used to treat premature infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); however, the efficacy of PPI on acid production in this population has yet to be assessed in this patient group. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of ...
Prakash M - - 2007
Studies have been made to understand the anti-ulceral and anti-oxidant properties of the "earthworm paste" derived from Lampito mauritii (Kinberg), an indigenous species, in comparison with the standard anti-ulceral drug-ranitidine, on the Wistar strain albino rats Rattus norvegicus. Administration of 200 mg/kg aspirin was found to increase the volume of ...
Mori N - - 2007
It is commonly considered that acidity in a gastric tube used as an esophageal substitute after esophagectomy decreases due to truncal vagotomy. However, there have been few, if any, studies on the factors influencing the acidity in the gastric tube. It is well known that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) plays ...
Hunfeld N G M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The occurrence and the clinical relevance of rebound acid hypersecretion after discontinuation of proton pump inhibitors is unclear. AIM: To perform a systematic review of rebound acid hypersecretion after discontinuation of proton pump inhibitors. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Central were searched up to October 2005 with indexed terms. RESULTS: ...
Alzoghaibi Mohammed - - 2007
AIM: To assess the effect of Linoleic acid and oleic acid on gastric lesions induced by ischemia reperfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six fasted rats were subjected to 30 minutes of gastric ischemia in the presence of 100 micromol/L hydrochloric acid and reperfusion periods of 60 minutes. The vascular permeability was ...
Nader Nader D - - 2007
RATIONALE: A robust TNFalpha response is seen following aspiration of food particles, while there is only a modest response to acid. OBJECTIVES: To examine the direct effects of acid and particulate components of gastric content on local and systemic macrophages. METHODS: Pathogen-free Long-Evans rats were injured with intratracheal instillation of ...
Tari Akira - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infection induces chronic gastritis and lowers gastric juice ascorbic acid concentrations. We investigated how H. pylori eradication affected multiple variables that could prevent or delay development of new or occult gastric cancer in patients with early gastric cancer treated by endoscopic mucosal resection. Gastric juice pH, nitrite concentrations, ...
Jain Kishor S - - 2007
Acid-peptic ulcers and diseases have been increasingly on rise in today's era of globalization, which is characterized by hurry, worry, and curry. This review summarizes various disorders associated with increased gastric acid secretion and various therapeutic strategies to control them. The emphasis has been laid, in particular, on the role ...
Yoshino Kyoji - - 2006
The preventive effects of acidic xylooligosaccharide prepared from xylan of corncobs and related sugars on stress-induced gastric inflammation in mice were investigated. Oral administration of acidic xylooligosaccharide and hydrocortisone at doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight significantly reduced the number of bleeding points in the gastric mucosa of ...
Morocutti A - - 2006
Omeprazole and lansoprazole are both of proven efficacy in the treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and idiopathic gastric acid hypersecretion. Rabeprazole, which has a similar mechanism of action, has not previously been studied in these diseases. To determine the dose of rabeprazole that decreased basal acid output to safe levels in ...
Oh David S - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To safely manage the hypersecretory state in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, both upper endoscopy and gastric analysis are required to titrate optimal medical therapy. Conventional gastric analysis requires more than 1 hour to perform and results in significant patient dissatisfaction. In this study, we have validated endoscopic ...
Rao Agam - - 2006
Exposure to pH 1 or 2 buffers or acidic gastric contents resulted in the killing of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus sp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida glabrata but not Clostridium difficile spores. Nitrite enhanced killing under acidic conditions, but significant killing of C. difficile spores required nitrite concentrations above usual physiological ...
Pertino Mariano - - 2006
The gastroprotective effect of the sesquiterpene cyperenoic acid and seven semi-synthetic derivatives was assessed in the HCl/ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in mice. At doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg kg(-1), cyperenoic acid showed a dose-dependent gastroprotective effect reducing the lesions by 45 and 75% at 50 and 100 mg ...
Mensink Peter B F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The normal pattern of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the human stomach and small bowel after meals is unknown. The intraluminal carbon dioxide level is a sensitive and early marker for organ mucosal ischemia. CO2 levels in both the stomach and small bowel are influenced by multiple factors other ...
Fulco Patricia Pecora - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature associated with the pharmacokinetic interaction between protease inhibitors (PIs) and acid suppressive therapies and to characterize the impact of this interaction on virologic and immunologic outcomes. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (1966-October 2006) was conducted using the names of the 10 PIs and specific acid ...
Watanabe Yoshiyuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Control of bleeding is crucial in improving the safety of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), and intragastric acidity has a great impact on hemostasis and blood coagulation. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are potent suppressors of gastric acid; however, PPI need to be continuously administered orally for several days, ...
te Velde Anje A - - 2006
There is no standard practice in the induction of colitis by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. In this review the current practice in 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid colitis is studied using 20 recently published articles. We compare the different protocols, discuss the mechanism of disease and give recommendations for the future use of ...
Konturek S J - - 2006
Modern gastroenterology started in early 19(th) century with the identification by W. Prout of the inorganic (hydrochloric) acid in the stomach and continued through 20(th) century with the discoveries by I.P. Pavlov of neuro-reflex stimulation of gastric secretion for which he was awarded first Nobel Prize in 1904. When concept ...
Travis S P L - - 2006
5-aminosalicylic acid (mesalazine) is considered first-line therapy for active mild-moderate, left-sided or extensive ulcerative colitis. With modern delayed-release formulations, conventional doses are very well tolerated, and there is accumulating evidence that increasing the dose, to >4 g/day, leads to higher response rates and earlier symptom relief in patients with ulcerative ...
Kim Sung-wan - - 2006
Gastroparesis is a condition of abnormal gastric motility characterized by delayed gastric emptying without evidence of mechanical outlet obstruction. The authors describe complete remission of recurrent postprandial discomfort, nausea, and vomiting within 1 week of starting mirtazapine in a gastroparetic patient who had failed to respond, in 7 months, to ...
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