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Mayer Bárbara - - 2009
The gastrointestinal activity of hydroalcoholic extract (HE) of Salvia officinalis was evaluated in a model of ethanol-induced gastric lesion. HE showed excellent activity, with ID(50) 84.0 (54.8-128.9) mg/kg. The acetic acid-induced ulcer and the total acidity of the gastric secretion were also reduced by HE, and, in vitro experiments, the ...
Bailey Nick - - 2009
Acid pump antagonists (APAs) such as the imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine AZD-0865 2 have proven efficacious at low oral doses in acid related gastric disorders. Herein we describe some of the broader SAR in this class of molecule and detail the discovery of an imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine 15 which has excellent efficacy in animal models ...
Kanno Takayuki - - 2009
To clarify the alterations in lower intestinal microflora induced by gastric acid reduction, the dynamics of 12 major genera or groups of bacteria comprising the microflora in feces and colonic contents were examined by quantitative real-time PCR in proton pump inhibitor-treated rats and in asymptomatic human subjects with hypochlorhydria. In ...
Mertens V V Center for Gastroenterological Research, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, - - 2009
Azithromycin (AZI) is a macrolide antibiotic that improves lung function in lung transplant recipients (LTx). Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic rejection after LTx. Macrolide antibiotics may affect GER by modifying esophageal and gastric motility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
Lee Je-Hyuk - - 2009
In this study we investigated the effects of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (GJE) extract and its constituents, such as ursolic acid and genipin, on gastritis in rats and the growth of human gastric cancer cells. The GJE extract, ursolic acid and genipin showed the acid-neutralizing capacities, the antioxidant activities, and the ...
Jain S C - - 2009
Dexrabeprazole [R(+) rabeprazole] is a novel proton-pump inhibitor which has recently become available in India for the treatment of acid peptic diseases. Experimental and clinical studies have shown superiority of dexrabeprazole (at half the recommended rabeprazole dose) over rabeprazole in terms of favourable pharmacokinetics, better efficacy and faster and greater ...
Steer Howard - - 2009
The source of carbon dioxide for the chemical reaction leading to the production of gastric acid is unknown. The decarboxylation of an amino acid releases carbon dioxide. Pepsinogens provide a rich source of the amino acid arginine. Both the source of carbon dioxide, arginine, and the consequence of arginine decarboxylation, ...
Merai Ankitkumar Harshadrai - - 2009
The effect of centrally administered losartan, an AT(1) receptor antagonist, on gastric acid secretion and gastric cytoprotection was studied using different models of gastric ulcers, such as acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers, pylorus ligation, ethanol-induced and stress-induced acute gastric ulcers and cysteamine hydrochloride-induced duodenal ulcer. Losartan was administered intracerebroventrically (i.c.v.) ...
Edelsbrunner Martin E - - 2009
Lafutidine is a histamine H2 receptor antagonist, the gastroprotective effect of which is related to its antisecretory activity and its ability to activate a sensory neuron-dependent mechanism of defence. The present study investigated whether intragastric administration of lafutidine (10 and 30 mg/kg) modifies vagal afferent signalling, mucosal injury, intragastric acidity ...
Pagkalos Vasileios A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both in vitro and epidemiological studies indicate that dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids may play a protective role against peptic ulcer in humans. Adipose tissue fatty acid composition is thought to reflect dietary fatty acid intake. The aim of the present study is to investigate adipose and gastric mucosa fatty ...
Moreira Dias Luis - - 2009
Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that binds irreversibly and specifically to the proton pump, thereby reducing gastric acid secretion. Pantoprazole has a relatively long duration of action compared with other PPIs, and a lower propensity to become activated in slightly acidic body compartments. To date, no drug-drug interactions ...
Wang Yiping - - 2009
Nocturnal gastric acid breakthrough (NAB) is defined as intragastric pH<4 for more than one continuous hour overnight. Adding H(2)-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) at bedtime to high-dose proton pump inhibitors is likely to enhance nocturnal gastric pH control and decrease nocturnal gastric acid breakthrough. To assess the effectiveness of additional bedtime H2-receptor ...
Shin Jai Moo JM Membrane Biology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Room 324, Building 113, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90073, - - 2008
The gastric H,K-ATPase is the primary target for the treatment of acid-related diseases. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are weak bases composed of two moieties, a substituted pyridine with a primary pK(a) of about 4.0, which allows selective accumulation in the secretory canaliculus of the parietal cell, and a benzimidazole with ...
Blondeau K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previously, we hypothesized that exposing the distal oesophagus to acid signals the stomach to decrease gastric acidity. AIM: To test the hypothesis that exposing the distal oesophagus to acid signals the stomach to decrease gastric acidity. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy humans ingested a standard meal containing [(14)C]octanoic acid and [(13)C]glycine ...
Gomes Renata de Camargo Rde - - 2009
AIM OF THE STUDY: Vochysia tucanorum is an important medicinal plant used in the Cerrado of Brazil against gastric disorders and this study reveals the pharmacological action of this traditional medicine use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanolic extract (E-MeOH) and buthanolic fraction (Fr-Bu) obtained from V. tucanorum were challenged by ...
Iijima Katsunori - - 2009
We have previously developed a rapid, simple endoscopic method for evaluating gastrin-stimulated maximal acid output (the endoscopic gastrin test, EGT). In EGT, gastric fluid newly secreted over 10 min after gastrin stimulation is collected under direct endoscopic visualization. In this study, employing the EGT, we evaluated the effect of rebamipide, ...
Scarpignato Carmelo - - 2008
Despite the dramatic success of pharmacological acid suppression in healing peptic ulcers (PUs) and managing patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) a number of challenges remain in the management of acid-related disorders. Several new drugs are currently being investigated to provide a significant advance over current treatments. These include new ...
Higo Shoichi - - 2008
Treatment composed of a gastric mucoadhesive antibiotic with slow release drug delivery is expected to be effective for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). In this study, we evaluated the slow release property of the tetracycline-sucralfate acidic complex. Tetracycline was the antibiotic selected because of its complexation capacity with ...
Tuvignon N - - 2008
Patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency are usually treated with porcine pancreatic enzymes but the bioavailability of these enzymes in the gut remains a matter of discussion. In order to determine the duodenal availability of porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) present in pancreatic extracts (PE) taken orally, we developed a method for ...
Dragull Klaus - - 2008
Synephrine, the main protoalkaloid in Citrus species, is commonly analyzed as the active component in citrus peel-containing herbal supplements, but the edible parts of mandarins have been largely ignored. The synephrine concentration has been determined in the juices of Citrus unshiu mandarins harvested from 10 different groves located in a ...
Mayo Isabel - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the therapeutic outcome of primary corneal infection by Clostridium perfringens. METHODS: A 65-year-old cleaning lady had pain, decreased visual acuity, redness, and photophobia in her left eye for 4 days. A paracentral corneal ulcer with subepithelial bullae and several frothy bubbles in the ulcer bed was found. ...
Assisi R F - - 2008
AIM: The short-chain fatty acid, acetate, propionate and butyrate are end products of fermentation by intestinal microflora of the indigestible material, mainly carbohydrates, reaching the colon and are essential for the vital function of the colonic cells. Butyric acid furnishes energy to the cells of the colon and may play ...
Li Lai-Fu - - 2008
The central or systemic administration of 3-carboxy-4-octyl-2-methylenebutyrolactone (C75), a synthetic inhibitor of fatty acid synthase (FAS), causes anorexia and profound weight loss in rodents. The amount of food intake and gastrointestinal mobility are closely related. In this study, an attempt has been made to investigate the effects and mechanisms of ...
Downing Tacy E - - 2008
Gastroesophageal reflux has become a major health concern in industrialized countries, with drugs aimed at blocking acid production being more frequently prescribed than any other drug. Damage to lung tissue as a result of chronic aspiration of gastric fluid is a primary health risk associated with gastro-esophageal reflux, with such ...
Adepoju-Bello A A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of substandard drugs is a great threat to the lives of people in the community. Identification of substandard drugs is important to exclude their use in clinical practice. These drugs may lead to reduced efficacy of pharmacotherapy. Antacid preparations are weakly basic and consist of metal salts, ...
Reyes-Trejo Benito - - 2008
Croton reflexifolius H. B. K (Euphorbiaceae) is a very common medicinal plant in the Huastecan region of Mexico that, according to local folk medicine, is considered useful in the treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcer. We have aimed to test the validity of this practice by using the experimental model ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2008
The study aimed to investigate whether acid suppression influences gastric myoelectrical activity in patients with reflux disease. Twenty-eight patients with erosive esophagitis underwent electrogastrography. All patients were studied before and after esomeprazole. Subjects were divided into mild or moderate esophagitis in order to determine any variation in response related to ...
Del Negro André - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the carcinogenic action of hydrochloric acid, pepsin and sodium nitrate on the oropharyngeal mucosa of rats, simulating the reflux of gastric contents. METHODS: Eighty-two Wistar rats were divided in seven groups and submitted to 2 or 3 weekly applications of hydrochloric acid, pepsin and sodium nitrate on ...
Stoof Jeroen - - 2008
The acidic gastric environment of mammals can be chronically colonized by pathogenic Helicobacter species, which use the nickel-dependent urea-degrading enzyme urease to confer acid resistance. Nickel availability in the mammal host is low, being mostly restricted to vegetarian dietary sources, and thus Helicobacter species colonizing carnivores may be subjected to ...
Terasaki Masaru - - 2008
The endogenous DNA adducts O(6)-carboxymethyl-deoxyguanosine (O(6)-CM-dG) and 3-ethanesulfonic acid-deoxycytidine (3-ESA-dC) are produced from N-nitroso bile acid conjugates, such as N-nitrosoglycocholic acid (NO-GCA) and N-nitrosotaurocholic acid (NO-TCA), respectively. Formation of these DNA adducts in vivo was here analyzed by 32P-postlabeling in the glandular stomach of rats subjected to duodenal content reflux ...
Ineu R P - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to evaluate if diphenyl diselenide administered by oral route was effective in restoring gastric lesions induced by ethanol. The possible involvement of oxidative stress in diphenyl diselenide antiulcer effect was also evaluated. Different doses of diphenyl diselenide (dissolved in soya bean oil, 1mL/kg) ...
Sakai Yuzo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Conventional endoscopy and chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine dye are usually performed for recognizing adequate tumor-negative lateral margins for successful endoscopic resection of gastric neoplasia. However, chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine dye added to acetic acid has not been used for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the diagnostic ...
Weitschies W - - 2008
The rate and extent of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid absorption from pharmacokinetically enhanced extended release (ER) tablets is strongly influenced by the intake conditions. In order to investigate the cause of the food effects, a pharmacokinetic study with simultaneous imaging of the in vivo behaviour of the ER tablets by ...
Takahama Umeo - - 2008
Reactions of nitrous acid with freeze-dried instant coffee and its methanol-insoluble melanoidin fractions were studied at pH 2 in the presence and absence of thiocyanate (SCN (-)), simulating the mixture of coffee, saliva, and gastric juice. Coffee contained stable radicals, and the radical concentration increased by ferricyanide and decreased by ...
Andrews F M - - 2008
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Volatile fatty acids, byproducts of carbohydrate fermentation by resident bacteria, have been implicated in causing nonglandular (NG) gastric ulcers. Lactic acid (LA), also produced by stomach bacteria, may cause gastric ulcers when exposed to the equine NG mucosa. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the in vitro effects of ...
Amigoni Maria - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acid aspiration is a complication of general anesthesia. Most animal models developed to define its pathophysiology have focused on the acute (< or =24 h) phase of the injury. The authors describe a model of acid aspiration allowing the study of this type of lung injury over time. METHODS: ...
Rajinikanth Paruvathanahalli Siddalingam - - 2008
The objective of this study was to develop a novel floating in situ gel system for sustained drug delivery of acetohydroxamic acid (FIGA) for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). The FIGA was prepared by dissolving the different concentration of gellan in deionized water at 80 degrees C. Different concentration ...
Führer Martina - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chemical stimulation with capsaicin in the intestinal lumen induces abdominal pain, presumably through a mechanism involving the polymodal vanilloid receptor TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor subtype 1). Other stimulators of TRPV1 include heat, acid or ethanol. We evaluated the effects of duodenal acid and ethanol exposure on chemosensitivity ...
Comoglu T - - 2008
Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor prodrug used in the treatment of gastric ulcers and gastroesophageal disease. Pantoprazole must be absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and because it is unstable under acidic conditions, enteric delivery systems are required. The purpose of this study was to prepare pantoprazole-loaded microspheres by emulsion-solvent ...
Wang Hank S - - 2008
Nocturnal reflux is a largely undiagnosed and unmanaged condition predisposing to multiple esophageal complications. We evaluated the effects of rabeprazole and pantoprazole on nocturnal intragastric pH and gastric acid output during Day 1 of therapy following the consumption of standard meals. The study had a double-blinded, randomized, two-way crossover design, ...
Ranjha Nazar Mohammad - - 2008
The objective of this work was to develop new pH-sensitive hydrogels to deliver gastric mucosal irritating drugs to the lower part of the gastrointestinal tract. For this purpose, cross-linked vinyl acetate-co-acrylic acid (VAC-co-AA) hydrogels were synthesized by using N, N, methylene bisacrylamide (MBAAm) as a cross-linking agent. Different ratios of ...
Gago Bruno - - 2008
By acting as a bioreactor, affording chemical and mechanical conditions for the reaction between dietary components, the stomach may be a source of new bioactive molecules. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry we here demonstrate that, under acidic gastric conditions, ethyl nitrite is formed in microM concentrations from the reaction of red ...
Mills D J S - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effect of native, heated and glycated bovine serum albumin (BSA) on the ulcerative colitis (UC) and non-UC colonic microbiota in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: Continuous flow culture (CFC) models of the human colonic microbiota inoculated with faeces from UC and non-UC volunteers were maintained on BSA ...
Vesper Benjamin J - - 2008
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects both men and women worldwide, with the most common symptom of GERD being frequent heartburn. If left untreated, more serious diseases including esophagitis and/or esophageal cancer may result. GERD has been commonly held to be the result of gastric acid refluxing into the esophagus. Recent ...
Abuznaid Mohammed - - 2008
Diclofenac-bismuth complexation was attempted by mixing diclofenac sodium (Na) and bismuth-subcitrate aqueous solutions at diclofenac:bismuth molar ratio of 3:1. A solid precipitate was obtained and isolated. The precipitate was characterized for stoichiometric ratio of diclofenac-bismuth complexation using capillary electrophoresis, which showed 1:1 complexation. In addition, nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier ...
Bardou Marc - - 2008
Conditions requiring inhibition of acid secretion, such as gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), peptic ulcers, non-ulcer dyspepsia or the use of NSAIDs, are very common, and their prevalence is expecting to rise as they are seen predominantly amongst the elderly. Among the drugs available to inhibit acid secretion, proton pump inhibitors ...
Suzuki Masayuki - - 2008
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are novel compounds that strongly inhibit the H(+)/K(+)-ATPase in the gastric parietal cells to cause profound suppression of acid secretion. Acid-generating ATPase, also known as vacuolar-type ATPase, is located in the lysozomes of leukocytes and osteoclasts and its activity is also reportedly influenced by treatment with ...
Yuk Hyun-Gyun - - 2008
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of storing Escherichia coli O157:H7 in fruit or vegetable juices with or without pulp and/or calcium lactate, on the bacterial resistance to a simulated gastric fluid (SGF, pH 1.5). Apple, carrot, orange, and tomato juices containing pulp or freed from pulp by ...
Okuyama Manabu - - 2008
Denervated stomach used as an esophageal substitute after esophagectomy often retains or spontaneously recovers acid production. The aims of the present study were to assess the relationship between esophageal acid exposure or gastric acidity and reflux-related symptoms after esophagectomy, and to assess the ability of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to ...
van Oijen Martijn G H - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Effervescent calcium carbasalate is a calcium-salt of acetylsalicylic acid causing less local gastric damage than acetylsalicylic acid at high doses in healthy controls. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of peptic ulcers in a population-based cohort using bioequivalent low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (80 mg) ...
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