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Results 301 - 350 of 1089
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Safavy Ahmad - - 2002
Diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) has been in extensive use as a metal chelator in the development of radiopharmaceuticals and contrast agents. The former application uses DTPA mostly as a bifunctional chelating agent (BCA) conjugated to tumor-targeting vehicles (TTVs) such as monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and receptor-directed peptides. A new bifunctional ...
Ivanov Dmitri - - 2002
Pure quadrupole resonance is a potentially useful spectroscopic approach to study the coordination of quadrupolar nuclei in biological systems. We used a field-cycling NMR method to observe boron pure quadrupole resonance of two peptide boronic acid inhibitors bound to alpha-lytic protease. The method is similar to our earlier field-cycling experiment ...
Thissen Monique R - - 2002
Photodynamic therapy with topically applied 5-aminolevulinic acid is used successfully for superficial skin lesions. The results for thicker, nodular lesions are less favorable. The method of aminolevulinic acid administration, the concentrations of aminolevulinic acid, and the irradiation schemes used so far have not been investigated thoroughly. As aminolevulinic acid photodynamic ...
Cahoon Edgar B - - 2002
Seed oils of a number of Asteraceae and Euphorbiaceae species are enriched in 12-epoxyoctadeca-cis-9-enoic acid (vernolic acid), an unusual 18-carbon Delta(12)-epoxy fatty acid with potential industrial value. It has been previously demonstrated that the epoxy group of vernolic acid is synthesized by the activity of a Delta(12)-oleic acid desaturase-like enzyme ...
Qi Baoxiu - - 2002
Isochrysis galbana, a marine prymnesiophyte microalga, is rich in long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6n-3, Delta(4,7,10,13,16,19)). We used a polymerase chain reaction-based strategy to isolate a cDNA, designated IgASE1, encoding a polyunsaturated fatty acid-elongating activity from I. galbana. The coding region of 263 amino acids predicts ...
Kite Geoffrey C - - 2002
The non-protein amino acids of the legume genus Bocoa (Papilionoideae; Swartzieae) were surveyed by LC-MS and GC-MS using extracts of herbarium leaf fragments. Bocoa alterna (Benth.) R.S. Cowan, B. decipiens R.S. Cowan, B. limae R.S. Cowan, B. mollis (Benth.) R.S. Cowan and B. racemulosa (Huber) R.S. Cowan were found to ...
Taylor E L - - 2002
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is being increasingly employed in the detection and treatment of malignant and non-malignant disease. This local technique uses a photosensitizing drug activated by light to generate cell death via the production of reactive oxygen species. This review describes the fundamental processes behind PDT, focussing on the use ...
Glaser Bruno - - 2002
The application of a combined gas chromatography-combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C/IRMS) method for stable carbon isotope analysis of amino acid enantiomers in soil samples is presented. Triplicate delta(13)C analyses of pentafluoropropionyl (PFP) isopropyl ester derivatives of 27 amino acid enantiomers revealed that discrimination of (13)C during derivatization is different for ...
Kim J N - - 2001
Capillary electrophoretic simultaneous determination of a mixture containing delta-aminolevulinic acid, porphobilinogen, levulinic acid and glycine was investigated. With increases in the sodium tetraborate buffer concentration (5-70 mM), resolution of the four components was improved, but the migration time was increased. Alternatively, with increases in the applied voltage (5-22.5 kV), a ...
Al Banchaabouchi M - - 2001
Nephrectomy in mice provokes a decrease in creatinine clearance (CTN(Cl)) and an increase in urea and specific guanidino compound (GC) concentrations in blood and other tissues. Our purpose was to investigate the influence of high protein diet (HPD) on CTN(Cl), urea and GC levels in NX mice. Mice were nephrectomized ...
Piot B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Delta aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is a fluorescent sensitizer that permits detection and treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. An exogenously induced decrease in tissue pH was evaluated for its effect in enhancing cellular uptake of ALA and facilitating its transformation into PpIX. STUDY ...
Bulaj G - - 2001
Delta-conotoxins are Conus peptides that inhibit inactivation of voltage-gated sodium channels. The suggestion that delta-conotoxins might be an essential component of the venoms of fish-hunting cone snails which rapidly immobilize their prey [Terlau, H., Shon, K., Grilley, M., Stocker, M., Stühmer, W., and Olivera, B. M. (1996) Nature 381, 148-151] ...
Fauconnot L - - 2001
The cryptoregiochemistry of the cold-induced Delta(5) desaturation of long chain fatty acids, as it occurs in Bacillus subtilis ATCC 23857, has been examined by measuring the individual primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects associated with the C-H bond cleavage at C-5 and C-6. The results point to C-5 as the site ...
Carballeira N M - - 2001
The novel fatty acids 17-methyl-6(Z)-octadecenoic acid and 17-methyl-7(Z)-octadecenoic acid were identified for the first time in nature in the mollusk Siphonaria denticulata from Queensland, Australia. The principal fatty acids in the limpet were hexadecanoic acid, octadecanoic acid, and (Z)-9-octadecenoic acid, while the most interesting series of monounsaturated fatty acids was ...
Pagani Zecchini G - - 2001
We report here the synthesis and activity of new analogs of the N-formyl and N-tert-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc) derivatives of the tripeptide Met-Leu-Phe-OMe containing an achiral omega-amino acid residue replacing the hydrophobic central leucine. The tripeptides HCO-Met-NH-(CH2)n-CO-Phe-OMe and Boc-Met-NH-(CH2)n-CO-Phe-OMe (n = 3-5) containing the central homomorphic residue of 5-aminopentanoic acid (delta-aminovaleric acid; ...
Emtenäs H - - 2001
Previously, a method for the stereoselective synthesis of beta-lactams, starting from 2H-Delta(2)-thiazolines and Meldrum's acid derivatives, has been reported from our laboratory. We now report a new method for the synthesis of optically active, highly substituted ring-fused 2-pyridinones. This was discovered when 2-alkyl-Delta(2)-thiazolines and Meldrum's acid derivatives were treated with ...
Aga M - - 2001
The preventive effect of Coriandrum sativum, Fam. UMBELLIFERAE (Chinese parsley) on lead deposition was investigated in male ICR mice given lead (1000 ppm) as lead acetate trihydrate in drinking water for 32 days. Administration of Chinese parsley to mice by gastric intubation was performed for 25 days from day 7 ...
Olivera E R - - 2001
New bioplastics containing aromatic or mixtures of aliphatic and aromatic monomers have been obtained using genetically engineered strains of Pseudomonas putida. The mutation (-) or deletion (Delta) of some of the genes involved in the beta-oxidation pathway (fadA(-), fadB(-) Delta fadA or Delta fad BA mutants) elicits a strong intracellular ...
Lang K - - 2001
The role of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of in situ neoplasias and tumors of the skin is steadily increasing. Its principles of photodynamic action include an intratumoral enriched photosensitizer and light activation. Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has demonstrated highest efficacy in topical PDT, and has become the most clinically ...
Fabbrocini G - - 2001
Treatments currently employed for plantar warts are often painful (electrosurgery, cryotherapy) and not always effective (keratolytic agents). In this paper we investigate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with topical delta-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) on plantar warts. In order to remove the superficial hyperkeratotic layer of the warts an ointment containing ...
Müller H - - 2001
The effects of dietary trans fatty acids on serum total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol have been evaluated by incorporating trans fatty acids into predictive equations and comparing their effects with the effects of the individual saturated fatty acids 12:0, 14:0, and 16:0. Trans fatty acids from partially hydrogenated ...
Ameloot P - - 2001
The bioactivity of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is mediated by two TNF receptors (TNF-Rs), more particularly TNF-RI and TNF-RII. Although human TNF (hTNF) and murine TNF (mTNF) are very homologous, hTNF binds only to mTNF-RI. By measuring the binding of a panel of mTNF/hTNF chimeras to both mTNF-R, we pinpointed ...
Gal J F - - 2001
The gas-phase acidity of ethyl-, vinyl-, ethynyl-, and phenyl-substituted silanes, germanes, and stannanes has been measured by means of FT-ICR techniques. The effect of unsaturation on the intrinsic acidity of these compounds and the corresponding hydrocarbons was analyzed through the use of G2 ab initio and DFT calculations. In this ...
Meesapyodsuk D - - 2001
The initial and rate determining step in the mechanism of fatty acid desaturases has been proposed to be breakage of one of the C&z.sbnd;H bonds at the site of the incipient double bond. This has been investigated and supported for a number of eukaryotic fatty acid desaturases through the use ...
Tynecka Z - - 2001
2-[(14)C]oxoglutarate uptake in resting cells of Staphylococcus aureus 17810S occurs via two kinetically different systems: (1) a secondary, electrogenic 2-oxoglutarate:H(+) symporter (K(m)=0.105 mM), energized by an electrochemical proton potential (Delta mu H(+)) that is generated by the oxidation of endogenous amino acids and sensitive to ionophores, and (2) a Delta ...
Abad J L - - 2001
Moth pheromone glands contain desaturases that catalyze the formation of conjugated dienoic fatty acids. In this article we present the first stereochemical study on one of these enzymes, namely the Delta(9) desaturase of (E)-11-tetradecenoic acid, using the moth Spodoptera littoralis as a biological model and enantiopure deuterated probes derived from ...
Qiu X - - 2001
The existence of Delta 4 fatty acid desaturation in the biosynthesis of docosahexanoic acid (DHA) has been questioned over the years. In this report we describe the identification from Thraustochytrium sp. of two cDNAs, Fad4 and Fad5, coding for Delta 4 and Delta 5 fatty acid desaturases, respectively. The Delta ...
Olejniczak T - - 2001
The ability of 19 microorganisms to perform the enantioselective lactonization of racemic gamma,delta-epoxy ester 3a and its 7-methyl homolog 3b was checked. It was found that Rhodotorula rubra preferentialy transformed both substrates to (-)-enantiomers of trans delta-hydroxy-gamma-lactones with ee 76% for 3a and 24% for 3b. The best efficiency (20-30%) ...
Calvo A M - - 2001
In the Ascomycete fungus Aspergillus nidulans, the ratio of conidia (asexual spores) to ascospores (sexual spores) is affected by linoleic acid moieties including endogenous sporogenic factors called psi factors. Deletion of odeA (Delta odeA), encoding a Delta-12 desaturase that converts oleic acid to linoleic acid, resulted in a strain depleted ...
Schuurmans M M - - 2001
Zinc mesoporphyrin (ZnMP) is a potent inhibitor of heme oxygenase (HO) and represses 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase (ALAS). These properties make it a potential candidate for treatment of inducible acute hepatic porphyrias, diseases characterized by neurovisceral symptoms, and massive ALAS induction. Effects of intraperitoneal ZnMP (2.5-10 micromol/kg/d) and heme arginate (3-6 ...
Silveira M M - - 2001
Different concentrations of corn steep liquor (CSL) were tested in the cultivation of Zymomonas mobilis. Cell growth, ethanol production, and the formation of glucose-fructose oxidoreductase (GFOR) and glucono-delta-lactonase (GL), the enzymes responsible for the bio-production of gluconic acid and sorbitol, were examined. The cell yields using 25 g CSL l(-1) ...
Singh S - - 2001
The Crepis palaestina cDNA Cpal2 encodes a delta 12-epoxygenase that can catalyse the synthesis of 12,13-epoxy-cis-9-octadecenoic acid (18:1E) from linoleic acid (18:2). When the Cpal2 gene was expressed under the control of the napin seed-specific promoter in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., the seed lipids accumulated only low levels of 18:1E ...
Oleszczuk M - - 2001
The influence of amino acid side chains [derived from: Ala, Val, Leu, Ile, Phe, Tyr(Bzl), Ser(Bzl), Thr(Bzl), Pro, Trp], incorporated into "aminoalkyl" part of PNA monomers, on the temperature-dependent distributions of rotamers about the tertiary amide bond was studied by means of 1H NMR at 0, 25 and 40 degrees ...
Pinilla A - - 2001
In order to investigate the potential utility of thiafatty acids as tracers for biosynthetic studies of moth sex pheromones, a series of thiatetradecanoic acids, namely 8-, 9-, 10-, 11-, 12- and 13-thiatetradecanoic, were prepared and their metabolism was investigated in pheromone glands of Spodoptera littoralis. Analysis by gas chromatography coupled ...
Henkes S - - 2001
Transketolase (TK) catalyzes reactions in the Calvin cycle and the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (OPPP) and produces erythrose-4-phosphate, which is a precursor for the shikimate pathway leading to phenylpropanoid metabolism. To investigate the consequences of decreased TK expression for primary and secondary metabolism, we transformed tobacco with a construct containing ...
Toledo M S - - 2001
Cerebroside (monohexosylceramide) components were identified in neutral lipids extracted from both the yeast and mycelial forms of the thermally dimorphic mycopathogen Histoplasma capsulatum. The components were purified from both forms and their structures elucidated by 1- and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and low ...
Gross U - - 2001
The course of delta-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase activity was studied over the 23 years in erythrocytes of two male patients. The enzyme activity was originally 1-2%, which then increased to approximately 8%, of normal levels several years after clinical manifestation of the acute hepatic porphyria syndrome. Urinary excretions of delta-aminolaevulinic acid ...
Chen C T. - - 2001
Accumulation of proline in response to excess Cu was studied in detached leaves of rice (Oryza sativa). CuSO(4) was effective in inducing proline accumulation in detached rice leaves under both light and dark conditions. CuSO(4) and CuCl(2) were equally effective in inducing proline accumulation, indicating that proline accumulation is induced ...
Nazhat S N - - 2001
The thermo-mechanical analysis of some novel, totally bioactive, three-component composite systems intended for the repair and augmentation of bone has been performed. The composites are composed of hydroxyapatite (HA), particulate reinforced biodegradable polylactic acid (PDLLA), with a second reinforcing phase of semi-crystalline, unidirectional fibers of polylactic acid (PLLA) homopolymer. Dynamic ...
Borzecki A - - 2001
The purpose of the work was to estimate to what extent the inhabitants of a typical agricultural region are exposed to the influence of lead compounds. 132 people at the age of 9 to 74 were included in the research. Urinary delta aminolevulinic acid (ALA) excretion was determined. The highest ...
Glomb M A - - 2001
N(delta)-(5-Hydroxy-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine-2-yl)-L-ornithine, or Argpyrimidine, was identified and quantified in beer by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HRGC-MS). This novel fluorescent arginine Maillard modification represents the first amino acid modification reported in beer retaining the full backbone of the original amino acid. Two mechanisms of formation could be ...
Docherty G - - 2001
Carbohydrates and proteins are among the most abundant naturally occurring biomolecules and so suitable methods for their reliable stable isotope analysis by gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) are required. Due to the non-volatile nature of these compounds they require hydrolytic cleavage to their lower molecular weight subunits and derivatisation ...
Böning D - - 2001
The extracellular pH defense against the lactic acidosis resulting from exercise can be estimated from the ratios -delta[La].delta pH-1 (where delta[La] is change in lactic acid concentration and delta pH is change in pH) and delta[HCO3-].delta pH-1 (where delta[HCO3-] is change in bicarbonate concentration) in blood plasma. The difference between ...
Machetti F - - 2000
A series of dimeric through pentameric oligomers of a bicyclic gamma/delta-amino acid (BTG) were synthesized using peptide coupling methods in solution with PyBroP or HATU. The analysis of (1)H NMR and CD spectra suggests that these oligomers could have a partially ordered structure in alcohol solutions.
Cosserat-Gerardin I - - 2000
Hexylester of 5-aminolevulinic acid (hALA) has been considered as an alternative to 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) for the treatment of malignancies of different origin. The present study addresses the ALA and hALA-induced PpIX pharmacokinetic profile using rat bladder carcinoma cells (AY27). The total PpIX content measured spectrofluorimetrically after extraction procedure at ...
Chatrattanakunchai S - - 2000
The filamentous fungus, Mortierella alpina, accumulates complex lipids relatively rich in arachidonic acid (C(20:4) Delta(5,8,11,14)). The lignan, sesamin, has been used to reduce arachidonic acid production by specifically inhibiting Delta(5)-desaturation [Shimizu, Akimoto, Shinmen, Kawashima, Sugano and Yamada (1991) Lipids 26, 512-516]. Microsomal membrane preparations from M. alpina exhibit acyl-CoA:1-acyl lysophosphatidylcholine ...
Zank T K - - 2000
In order to elucidate the biosynthesis of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in plants we searched for a cDNA encoding a Delta(6)-specific PUFA elongase from Physcomitrella patens, which is known to contain high proportions of arachidonic acid (20:4 Delta(5,8,11,14)). An EST clone from P. patens was identified by its low ...
Cahoon E B - - 2001
Divergent forms of the plant Delta(12)-oleic-acid desaturase (FAD2) have previously been shown to catalyze the formation of acetylenic bonds, epoxy groups, and conjugated Delta(11),Delta(13)-double bonds by modification of an existing Delta(12)-double bond in C(18) fatty acids. Here, we report a class of FAD2-related enzymes that modifies a Delta(9)-double bond to ...
Balboni G - - 2000
In lieu of H-Dmt-Tic-OH, H-Dmt-analogues included 2-amino-3(1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-propionic acid, N(Bzl)Gly, L-octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid, [3S-(3alpha,4abeta, 8abeta)]-decahydro-3-isoquinoline carboxylic acid, benzimidazole-, pyridoindole- or spiroinden-derivatives, or C-terminally modified. L- or D-Ala, Sar, or Pro were spacers between aromatic nuclei. Only H-Dmt-(Xaa-)-pyridoindole exhibited high affinities with delta and mu antagonism. The peptides competed equally against [3H]DPDPE (delta ...
van den Akker J T - - 2000
An important limitation of topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-based photodetection and photodynamic therapy is that the amount of the fluorescing and photosensitizing product protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) formed is limited. The reason for this is probably the limited diffusion of ALA through the stratum corneum. A solution to this problem might be ...
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