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Chen Siyuan - - 2006
The synthesis of several gamma,delta-unsaturated-alpha-amino acid derivatives is described. The method features regioselective stannylation of propargylglycine derivatives followed by Stille coupling reactions.
Nemet Ina - - 2006
Methylglyoxal (MG) is a highly reactive alpha-oxoaldehyde formed endogenously in numerous enzymatic and nonenzymatic reactions. It modifies arginine and lysine residues in proteins forming advanced glycation end-products such as N(delta)-(5-methyl-4-imidazolon-2-yl)-L-ornithine (MG-H1), 2-amino-5-(2-amino-5-hydro-5-methyl-4-imidazolon-1-yl)pentanoic acid (MG-H2), 2-amino-5-(2-amino-4-hydro-4-methyl-5-imidazolon-1-yl)pentanoic acid (MG-H3), argpyrimidine, N(delta)-(4-carboxy-4,6-dimethyl-5,6-dihydroxy-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-2-yl)-L-ornithine (THP), N(epsilon)-(1-carboxyethyl)lysine (CEL), MG-derived lysine dimer (MOLD), and 2-ammonio-6-({2-[4-ammonio-5-oxido-5-oxopently)amino]-4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-5-ylidene}amino)hexanoate (MODIC), which ...
Laloi Maryse - - 2007
The existence of sphingolipid- and sterol-enriched microdomains, known as lipid rafts, in the plasma membrane (PM) of eukaryotic cells is well documented. To obtain more insight into the lipid molecular species required for the formation of microdomains in plants, we have isolated detergent (Triton X-100)-resistant membranes (DRMs) from the PM ...
Cantin Louis-David - - 2007
Modulation of PPAR activities represents an attractive approach for the treatment of diabetes with associated cardiovascular complications. The indanylacetic acid structural motif has proven useful in the generation of potent and tunable PPAR ligands. Modification of the substituents on the linker and the heterocycle tail group allowed for the modulation ...
Sünnemann Hans Wolf - - 2006
A highly chemoselective sequence of Stille and Heck couplings on the heterocyclic bromoenol triflates 2 a-c with the bicycloalkenylstannanes cis-3 and trans-3 furnished the intermediate bromobutadienes 4 a-c in good yields ranging from 73-94 %. A modified Heck coupling protocol employing the palladacycle 8 and an additional bidentate ligand such ...
Boere Ingrid A - - 2006
Barrett's esophagus (BE) can experimentally be treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT), in which ALA, the precursor of the endogenous photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and subsequent irradiation with laser light are applied to destroy the (pre)malignant tissue. Accurate dosimetry is critical for successful ALA-PDT. Here, in vivo dosimetry and ...
Wistuba Dorothee - - 2006
Native delta-CD has been employed as chiral selector in CE and MEKC. To investigate the potential of the enantiodiscriminating properties of delta-CD, negatively charged 5-dimethylamino-1-naphthalene-sulfonyl (dansyl)-, 2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP)- and FMOC-derivatives of several amino acids, 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diylhydrogenphosphate, flavanones and three positively charged drugs have been selected as testing samples. Enantioresolution factors up ...
Chaudhary Shveta - - 2007
Kinetics for the breakdown of the trinuclear chromium acetate cluster, [Cr(3)O(OAc)(6)](+), with a series of monoprotic and diprotic ligands in weakly acidic aqueous media (pH approximately 4 or approximately 5) have been investigated spectrophotometrically at 40-60 degrees C. The results point to an ion-pair equilibrium as the first step followed ...
Tan John P - - 2007
We determined the gas-phase acidities of two cysteine-polyalanine peptides, HSCA3 and HSCA4, using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer through application of the extended kinetic method with full entropy analysis. Five halogenated carboxylic acids were used as the reference acids. The negatively charged proton-bound dimers of the deprotonated peptides with the conjugate ...
Abad José-Luis - - 2006
Thaumetopoea pityocampa pheromone glands contain an unusual Delta(11) acetylenase that produces an alkynoic fatty acid intermediate in the sex pheromone biosynthetic pathway of this species. In this article, we describe the synthesis and use of the deuterated (Z)-11-hexadecenoic acid probes required to decipher the cryptoregiochemistry of this enzyme. The label ...
Jehle Stefan - - 2006
A simple spectroscopic filtering technique is presented that may aid the assignment of (13)C and (15)N resonances of methyl-containing amino-acids in solid-state magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR. A filtering block that selects methyl resonances is introduced in two-dimensional (2D) (13)C-homonuclear and (15)N-(13)C heteronuclear correlation experiments. The 2D (13)C-(13)C correlation spectra are ...
Hamam Fayez - - 2006
For the first time, a possible mechanism responsible, in part, for the removal of endogenous antioxidants through the formation of tocopheryl esters during acidolysis reactions is proposed and confirmed. Tocopherols in the oils were found to react with carboxylic acids present in the medium, thus leading to the formation of ...
Qu Hongchang - - 2006
Anti-beta-substituted gamma,delta-unsaturated amino acids have been synthesized via a novel design of the Eschenmoser-Claisen rearrangement. The rearrangement gives good isolated yields and excellent diastereoselectivity due to (Z)-N,O-ketene acetal formation and the pseudochairlike conformations of the reaction intermediates. Upon reductive hydrolysis, important novel amino acids and amino alcohols were synthesized for ...
Angel Laurence A - - 2006
Energy-resolved, competitive threshold collision-induced dissociation (TCID) methods are used to measure the gas-phase acidities of phenol, 3-methylphenol, 2,4,6-trimethylphenol, and ethanoic acid relative to hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulfide, and the hydroperoxyl radical using guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometry. The gas-phase acidities of Delta(acid)H298(C6H5OH) = 1456 +/- 4 kJ/mol, Delta(acid)H298(3-CH3C6H4OH) = ...
Serra Montserrat - - 2006
The Delta(11) desaturases found in moths such as Spodoptera littoralis play a critical role in the biosynthesis of their sex pheromones. The ability to functionally express these enzymes in yeast has allowed one to study the transformation of long-chain fatty acyl substrates to their 11-ene products in greater mechanistic detail. ...
Brandão Ricardo - - 2006
Acute effects of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) were evaluated on mice. Mice received a single dose of HgCl2 (4.6 mg/kg, subcutaneously) for three consecutive days. Thirty minutes after the last injection with HgCl2, mice received one single injection of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS) or N-acetylcysteine (NAC) or diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2. DMPS, NAC ...
Brownson Jeffrey R S - - 2006
The effects of pH and ultraviolet (UV) light with ligated formic acid on mesoporous TiO2 were characterized by transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and compared with adsorbed formate complexes. Surface-modified anatase thin films were prepared from acidic aqueous nanoparticulate anatase suspensions diluted with methanol and ethanol. Bands assigned to ...
Moutevelis-Minakakis Panagiota - - 2006
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-protected alpha- or beta-amino alcohols, easily prepared from alpha- and beta-amino acids, were converted into aldehydes and directly reacted with (triphenyl phosphoranylidene) acetonitrile, leading to unsaturated nitriles. Treatment of nitriles with NaN(3) and ZnBr(2) produced unsaturated gamma- and delta-amino tetrazoles, which were deprotected and converted to the corresponding saturated compounds ...
Eckert Helene - - 2006
Two relatively rare fatty acids, gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and stearidonic acid (STA), have attracted much interest due to their nutraceutical and pharmaceutical potential. STA, in particular, has been considered a valuable alternative source for omega-3 fatty acids due to its enhanced conversion efficiency in animals to eicosapentaenoic acid when compared ...
Serra Montserrat - - 2006
In the biosynthetic pathway of Spodoptera littoralis sex pheromone, (E,E)-10,12-tetradecadienoic acid is produced from (Z)-11-tetradecenoic acid by desaturation and concomitant migration of the precursor double bond. With the aim of identifying the enzyme involved in this biotransformation, yeast Deltaelo1/Deltaole mutants, which are both elongase 1 and Delta9 desaturase-deficient, were transformed ...
Guzman M I - - 2006
The 320 nm-band photodecarboxylation of aqueous pyruvic acid (PA), a representative of the alpha-oxocarboxylic acids widely found in the atmospheric aerosol, yields 2,3-dimethyltartaric (A) and 2-(3-oxobutan-2-yloxy)-2-hydroxypropanoic (B) acids, rather than 3-hydroxy-2-oxobutanone as previously reported. A and B are identified by liquid chromatography with UV and ESI-MS detection, complemented by collisionally ...
Widory David - - 2006
The atmospheric concentration of lead (Pb) in France has strongly decreased since its legal reduction in gasoline in 2000. Pb-isotope ratios are effective tracers of its origin. Pb in atmospheric particulate matter with a diameter <10 microm (PM10) in Paris is shown to have a dual origin: (1) an intrinsic ...
Kosaka Sachiko - - 2006
Photodynamic therapy using 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin IX has been developed as a very useful therapeutic modality. Recently, several authors have reported on the efficacy of this procedure for acne. This approach is based on the fact that 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin IX has strong selectivity for sebaceous glands. We used the ...
Kim Seonghun - - 2006
Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase (DHAD) is one of the key enzymes involved in the biosynthetic pathway of the branched chain amino acids. Although the enzyme has been purified and characterized in various mesophiles, including bacteria and eukarya, the biochemical properties of DHAD from hyperthermophilic archaea have not yet been reported. In this ...
Zuo X - - 2006
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors that strongly influence molecular events in normal and cancer cells. PPAR-beta/delta (PPAR-b/d) overexpression suppresses the activity of PPAR-gamma (PPAR-g) and PPAR-alpha. This interaction has been questioned, however, by studies with synthetic ligands of PPARs in PPAR-b/d-null cells, and it is not known whether ...
García-Maroto Federico - - 2006
Echium (Boraginaceae) species from the Macaronesian islands exhibit an unusually high level of gamma-linolenic acid (18:3n-6; GLA) and relatively low content of octadecatetraenoic acid (18:4n-3; OTA) in the seed, while the amounts of both fatty acids in their Continental (European) relatives are rather similar. We have tested the hypothesis of ...
Arakawa Shizuka - - 2006
We have investigated the molecular phylogeny of cold-seep sediments obtained from the Nankai Trough, at depths of about 600, 2,000, and 3,300 m, and compared the microbial diversity profiles of those sediments samples. The gamma-Proteobacteria that might function as sulfide oxidizers and the symbiotically related delta-Proteobacteria which might function as ...
Demirbas Ayhan - - 2006
Adsorption equilibrium of stearic acid onto natural bentonite with Turkish origin was studied at the temperatures of 298, 308 and 318 K. SEM and XRD analysis show that the bentonite used as adsorbent is composed of microcrystal and porous structure. The specific surface area was determined by BET method as ...
Matuszak, Z.
Numer specjalny czasopisma "Polish Journal of Environmental Studies" (2006, vol. 15, No. 4A)
Battah Sinan - - 2006
Intracellular porphyrin generation following administration of 5-aminolaevulinic acid has been widely used in photodynamic therapy for a range of malignant and certain non-malignant lesions. However, cellular uptake of 5-aminolaevulinic acid is limited by its hydrophilic nature and improved means of delivery are therefore being sought. Highly branched polymeric drug carriers ...
Fisseha R - - 2006
A wet oxidation method for the compound-specific determination of stable carbon isotopes (delta(13)C) of organic acids in the gas and aerosol phase, as well as of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC), is presented. Sampling of the organic acids was done using a wet effluent diffusion denuder/aerosol collector (WEDD/AC) coupled to an ...
Pierre Maria Bernadete Riemma - - 2006
PURPOSE: In photodynamic therapy (PDT), topically applied aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is converted to protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), which upon light excitation induces tumor destruction. To optimize 5-ALA-PDT via improving the highly hydrophilic 5-ALA limited penetration into the skin, we propose the use of the known skin penetration enhancer, oleic acid (OA). ...
Maccarrone Mauro - - 2006
Endocannabinoids are amides, esters and ethers of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, which act as new lipid mediators. Anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine; AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol are the main endogenous agonists of cannabinoid receptors, able to mimic several pharmacological effects of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, the active principle of Cannabis sativa preparations like hashish and marijuana. ...
Wu Jiaquan - - 2005
Picromycin/methymycin synthase (PICS) is a modular polyketide synthase (PKS) that is responsible for the biosynthesis of both 10-deoxymethynolide (1) and narbonolide (2), the parent 12- and 14-membered aglycone precursors of the macrolide antibiotics methymycin and picromycin, respectively. PICS module 2 is a dehydratase (DH)-containing module that catalyzes the formation of ...
Na-Ranong Sutthicha - - 2006
The amino acid residues serine at position 213 (S213) and lysine at position 218 (K218), which are present in close proximity to the histidine-rich motif II of Mucor rouxii fatty acid Delta(6)-desaturase isoform II, were targeted for studying structure-function relationships using site-directed mutagenesis. The mutants were functionally characterized in a ...
Ito Nobuhiko - - 2005
Novel decenoic acids such as (E)-4-decenoic acid and (E)- and (Z)-5-,6-decenoic acid were detected as minor components in heated butter using GC and GC/MS. The formation mechanism of these novel decenoic acids is discussed on the basis of the result of the reaction of delta-decalactone with active clay in a ...
Kajikawa Masataka - - 2006
Pinolenic acid (PA; 18:3Delta(5,9,12)) and coniferonic acid (CA; 18:4Delta(5,9,12,15)) are Delta(5)-unsaturated bis-methylene-interrupted fatty acids (Delta(5)-UBIFAs) commonly found in pine seed oil. They are assumed to be synthesized from linoleic acid (LA; 18:2Delta(9,12)) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3Delta(9,12,15)), respectively, by Delta(5)-desaturation. A unicellular green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii also accumulates PA and ...
Ballet S - - 2005
The synthesis of conformationally restricted dipeptidic moieties 4-amino-1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-2-benzazepin-3-one (Aba)-Gly ([(4S)-amino-3-oxo-1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-2-benzazepin-2-yl]-acetic acid) and 8-hydroxy-4-amino-1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-2-benzazepin-3-one (Hba)-D-Ala ([(4S)-amino-8-hydroxy-3-oxo-1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-benzo[c]azepin-2-yl]-propionic acid) was based on a synthetic strategy that uses an oxazolidinone as an N-acyliminium precursor. Introducing these Aba scaffolds into the N-terminal tetrapeptide of dermorphin (H-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Gly-Tyr-Pro-Ser-NH2)-induced remarkable shifts in affinity and selectivity towards the opioid ...
Bermudez Moretti Mariana - - 2005
In yeasts, several sensing systems localized to the plasma membrane which transduce information regarding the availability and quality of nitrogen and carbon sources and work in parallel with the intracellular nutrient-sensing systems, regulate the expression and activity of proteins involved in nutrient uptake and utilization. The aim of this work ...
Simon-Sarkadi Livia - - 2005
The effect of simultaneous drought and heat stress on free amino acid levels was compared in wild type and transgenic soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr cv Ibis) plants transformed with the cDNA coding for the last enzyme of Pro biosynthesis, l-Delta(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (EC 1.5.1.2), in sense and antisense directions. The ...
Santos F W - - 2006
We investigated the effects of dimercaprol (BAL), meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) and 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulphonic acid (DMPS) on human blood delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase (delta-ALA-D) activity, the most reliable indicator of lead intoxication in humans, in the presence of lead in vitro. Furthermore, we studied the effects of the chelating agents, administered subcutaneously, on delta-ALA-D ...
Di Venosa Gabriela M - - 2006
Photodynamic therapy is a treatment for malignant and certain non-malignant lesions that involves administration of a photosensitising drug. The use of 5-aminolaevulinic acid-induced porphyrins has become one of the most active fields of photodynamic therapy research. Since the efficacy of the treatment is somewhat limited by the hydrophilic nature of ...
Taber Douglass F - - 2005
The isolation of two new classes of human docosahexaenoic acid oxidation products, the neuroprostanes and the neurofurans, have been reported. Facile nomenclature systems that will allow the rational differentiation of each of the isomeric structures comprising the families of NeuroP's and NeuroF's, represented, respectively, by 17-F(4t)-NeuroP 1 and 10-epi-ST-Delta(15)-11-NeuroF 2 ...
Wang Qing - - 2005
A series of novel zinc metalloporphyrins, cyano-3-(2'-(5',10',15',20'-tetraphenylporphyrinato zinc(II))yl)-acrylic acid (Zn-3), 3-(trans-2'-(5',10',15',20'-tetraphenylporphyrinato zinc(II))yl)-acrylic acid (Zn-5), 2-cyano-5-(2'-(5',10',15',20'-tetraphenylporphyrinato zinc(II))yl)-penta-2,4-dienoic acid (Zn-8), 4-(trans-2'-(2' '-(5' ',10' ',15' ',20' '-tetraphenylporphyrinato zinc(II))yl)ethen-1'-yl))-1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid (Zn-11), and 2-cyano-3-[4'-(trans-2' '-(2' ''-(5' '',10' '',15' '',20' ''-tetraphenylporphyrinato zinc(II))yl) ethen-1' '-yl)-phenyl]-acrylic acid (Zn-13) were synthesized and characterized by using various spectroscopic techniques. Density ...
Bogdawa Heique - - 2005
Beta-oxidation of the conjugated linoleic acid 9-cis,11-trans-octadecadienoic acid (rumenic acid) was analyzed in vivo in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by monitoring polyhydroxyalkanoate production in the peroxisome. Polyhydroxyalkanoate is synthesized by the polymerization of the beta-oxidation intermediates 3-hydroxyacyl-CoAs via a bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase targeted to the peroxisome. The amount of polyhydroxyalkanaote synthesized from ...
Bahreini R - - 2005
The Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) was used to characterize physical and chemical properties of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed during ozonolysis of cycloalkenes and biogenic hydrocarbons and photo-oxidation of m-xylene. Comparison of mass and volume distributions from the AMS and differential mobility analyzers yielded estimates of "effective" density of ...
Winkler Axel - - 2005
The limited permeation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) through excised human stratum corneum could be improved by using 5-aminolevulinic acid-n-butyl ester (ABE). Furthermore drug permeation could be increased by choice of a permeation enhancing formulation. In this study, permeation of ALA and ABE was investigated from various formulations. In addition, differential ...
Mehta Ashish - - 2006
Monoisoamyl dimercaptosuccinic acid (MiADMSA), a vicinal thiol chelating agent and an analogue of a conventional metal chelating agent, meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has recently been gaining recognition to be more effective chelating agent than DMSA in mobilizing lead, mercury and arsenic. However, very little information is available on the toxicological properties ...
Núñez Nomelí P - - 2006
The PPAR-gamma ligands, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) and ciglitazone, and the PPAR-alpha ligand, WY-14643, were examined for their effects on proliferation and apoptosis of A375 melanoma, DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer, and MB-MDA-231 breast cancer. While 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) inhibited proliferation of A375 melanoma, ciglitazone was inactive against this and the other cell ...
Choi Man-Yeon - - 2005
Sex pheromones of many moth species have relatively simple structures consisting of a hydrocarbon chain with a functional group and one to several double bonds. These sex pheromones are derived from fatty acids through specific biosynthetic pathways. We investigated the incorporation of deuterium-labeled tetradecanoic, hexadecanoic, and octadecanoic acid precursors into ...
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