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Results 451 - 500 of 1091
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Sharpe M - - 1996
The control of cytochrome c oxidase turnover in proteoliposomes by membrane potential (delta psi) and by pH gradient (delta pH) is probably kinetic in nature, and inhibition by valinomycin and stimulation by nigericin indicate that delta pH exerts a greater influence than does an equivalent delta psi. Oleic acid at ...
Kloek J - - 1996
The use of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) as a protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) precursor for photodynamic therapy (PDT) became very popular in a short time. However, despite its advantages, ALA also has a drawback; it shows a poor ability to diffuse through biological membranes because of its low lipophilicity. As a consequence, ...
Hurtado de Catalfo G E - - 1996
Delta 9, delta 6 and delta 5 desaturation activity and the thioesterification of eicosa-8,11,14-trienoic acid (DGLA) were measured in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared to normotensive controls (WKY). SHR exhibited lower levels in the long-chain fatty acyl-CoA (LCFA) synthetase and in delta 6 and delta 5 desaturase activities in liver. ...
Fehr M K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was twofold: to determine the distribution of the endogenous photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX in the uterus and to ascertain the time interval leading to maximal endometrial fluorescence after intrauterine instillation of 5-aminolevulinic acid. STUDY DESIGN: One milliliter of a 400 mg/ml 5-aminolevulinic acid-Hyskon solution was instilled into the ...
Atrih A - - 1996
The structure of the endospore cell wall peptidoglycan of Bacillus subtilis has been examined. Spore peptidoglycan was produced by the development of a method based on chemical permeabilization of the spore coats and enzymatic hydrolysis of the peptidoglycan. The resulting muropeptides which were >97% pure were analyzed by reverse-phase high-performance ...
Kaye K M - - 1996
Latent infection membrane protein 1 (LMP1), the Epstein-Barr virus transforming protein, associates with tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) associated factor 1 (TRAF1) and TRAF3. Since TRAF2 has been implicated in TNFR-mediated NF-kappa B activation, we have evaluated the role of TRAF2 in LMP1-mediated NF-kappa B activation. TRAF2 binds in vitro ...
Waladkhani A R - - 1996
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of alcohol administration on jejunoileal bypass (JIB)-induced liver dysfunction in rats resulting in abnormalities of fatty acid composition of cell membranes, and whether methionine is able to reverse these changes. Male Wistar rats were subjected to a jejunoileal bypass operation. ...
Burns M R - - 1996
The synthesis of two types of delta-acetylenic amino acids is described. Key intermediates were derived from terminal acetylenes via two different routes: (1) palladium-mediated, Heck-type arylation, and (2) Simmons-Smith homologation followed by reaction of the resulting propargylic organometallic with a benzoyltrimethylsilane. Further elaboration to the desired amino acids involved the ...
Cable E E - - 1996
Hepatic 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase, the first and normally rate-controlling enzyme of heme biosynthesis, is regulated by heme. One of the known mechanisms whereby increased cellular heme regulates 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase is by decreasing the stability of its mRNA. In primary cultures of chick embryo liver cells, we tested whether a ...
Schultz D J - - 1996
Anacardic acids, a class of secondary compounds derived from fatty acids, are found in a variety of dicotyledonous families. Pest resistance (e.g., spider mites and aphids) in Pelargonium xhortorum (geranium) is associated with high levels (approximately 81%) of unsaturated 22:1 omega 5 and 24:1 omega 5 anacardic acids in the ...
Ishizaki-Nishizawa O - - 1996
A broad-specificity delta 9 desaturase gene was cloned from the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. The enzyme introduces a cis-double bond at the delta 9 position of both 16 and 18 carbon saturated fatty acids linked to many kinds of membrane lipids. The gene was stably introduced into tobacco plants under transcriptional ...
Honda A - - 1996
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is a common inherited birth disorder caused by markedly reduced 7-dehydrocholesterol delta 7-reductase activity, the final enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. BM 15.766 (4-[2-[1-(4-chlorocinnamyl)piperazin-4-yl]ethyl]-benzoic acid) inhibits 7-dehydrocholesterol delta 7-reductase activity, reduces plasma cholesterol levels, and increases 7-dehydrocholesterol levels to reproduce the biochemical abnormalities of the syndrome ...
Yoshida F - - 1996
Corneal permeability data taken from the literature were analyzed for possible quantitative relationships with physicochemical properties. Although a parabolic relationship was obtained with good correlation between lipophilicity, as expressed by the 1-octanol-water partition coefficients, log Poctanol (or the distribution coefficients, log D for ionizable compounds), and the permeability in individual ...
Haas J A - - 1996
Increases in renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP) by direct renal interstitial volume expansion (DRIVE) decrease proximal sodium reabsorption and increase urinary fractional sodium excretion (FENa). This natriuretic response is blunted by inhibition of the cyclooxygenase pathway. However, complicating the interpretation of the effects of cyclooxygenase inhibition on sodium excretion are ...
Perrin C L - - 1996
An NMR titration method has been developed to simultaneously measure the difference in acid dissociation constants (delta pKa) of two or more compounds with high precision and accuracy. The delta pKa between the conjugate acids of the two stereoisomers of 4-tert-butylcyclohexylamine 1 was determined in a single 1H NMR titration ...
Egger N G - - 1996
Protoporphyrin accumulates in tissues after administration of delta-aminolevulinic acid, and can be used as a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy. To determine the distribution of porphyrins in a large animal model after administration of this porphyrin precursor, delta-aminolevulinic acid was administered to anesthetized dogs (100 mg/kg body weight intravenously) and porphyrin ...
Schenck P A - - 1996
In vitro evidence has been reported for an alternate pathway that involves delta 8 desaturation of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The present study was designed to allow detection of delta 8 desaturation in vivo and to provide an estimation of the relative contribution of delta 8 desaturation ...
Yang J Z - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the selectivity of endometrial photosensitization after intrauterine 5-aminolevulinic acid administration in nonhuman primates, and to assess acute and chronic systemic toxicity after intravenous (i.v.) delivery of 5-aminolevulinic acid. METHODS: Ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys (n = 19) aged 6-18 years and ovariectomized rheusus monkeys (n = 3) aged 9-14 ...
Covello P S - - 1996
The functional expression in yeast of the Arabidopsis thaliana FAD2 gene, encoding the extraplastidial oleate desaturase (1-acyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine delta 12-desaturase) is reported. Dienoic fatty acids constituted up to 11% (w/w) of the total fatty acids in transformed Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells and were confirmed to be linoleic acid and delta 9, delta ...
Yamane M - - 1996
We have developed a method for the analysis of 5,6-dihydroxyeicosatrienoate-1,5-lactone (5,6-DiHETriE-delta-lactone) in tissue homogenates, supplemented with NADPH and arachidonic acid [20:4(n-6)] as a substrate. During the incubation and the extraction, most of the 5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-EpETriE) was converted to 5,6-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-DiHETriE), and most of the 5,6-DiHETriE was converted to ...
Zamzami N - - 1996
In a number of experimental systems, the early stage of the apoptotic process, i.e. the stage which precedes nuclear disintegration, is characterized by the breakdown of the inner mitochondrial transmembrane potential (delta psi m). Here we address the question as to whether mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) pores may account for ...
Lomascolo A - - 1996
The specific activity of the microsomal delta 12-desaturase system, which transforms oleic acid into linoleic acid, was about 16 pmol/min/mg protein. However, most of the total activity was nonsedimentable even after a 200000 x g centrifugation for 100 min. The study of various physicochemical parameters showed that this enzymatic complex, ...
Singh V - - 1996
Glutamate or deoxyuridine in the presence of Cu2+ and delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) reaction resulted in the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive compounds (TBAR), which was linear up to 2 hr. TBAR increased linearly with the increase of both ALA and copper ion concentration. Oxygen consumption was directly proportional to the ...
Rodrigues C M - - 1996
We recently demonstrated that the formation of delta 22-bile acids is a quantitatively major pathway for normal bile acid synthesis in the adult male Sprague-Dawley rat. This pathway is specific for 7 beta-hydroxy bile acids and, when ursodeoxycholic acid is administered, delta 22-ursodeoxycholic acid appears as a major metabolite in ...
Thorgeirsson T E - - 1996
Amino acids have distinct lipid bilayer affinities which influence the insertion and topology of membrane-bound polypeptides and proteins. To measure membrane affinities, 14 uncharged amino acids were introduced individually at a guest site in a 25-residue peptide derived from the membrane-binding presequence of yeast cytochrome c oxidase, and the peptides ...
Lüönd R M - - 1996
This enzyme porphobilinogen synthase (PBGS) catalyses the formation of porphobilinogen (PBG) from two molecules of 5-amino-levulinic acid (ALA). It has been claimed that the PBGS from Rhodobacter spheroides is able to form a mixed pyrrole, from one molecule of 5-aminolevulinic acid and one molecule of levulinic acid. The chemical synthesis ...
Chardigny J M - - 1996
Trans polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids are formed as a result of the heat treatment of vegetable oils. It was demonstrated previously that the 18:3 delta 9cis, 12 cis, 15 trans containing a cis delta 9 ethylenic bond was converted to a geometrical isomer of 20:5n-3, the 20:5 delta 5 cis, ...
Cahoon E B - - 1996
Expression of a plant delta 6-palmitoyl (16:0)-acyl carrier protein desaturase in Escherichia coli resulted in the accumulation of the novel monounsaturated fatty acids delta 6-hexadecenoic acid (16:1 delta 6) and delta 8-octadecenoic acid. Amounts of 16:1 delta 6 accumulated by E. coli were increased more than twofold by the expression ...
Kawashima H - - 1996
Alkyl gallate, which is known as an antioxidant, intensively inhibited delta 5 and delta 6 desaturation in both rat liver microsomes and an arachidonic acid-producing fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4. The rat liver microsomal delta 5 and delta 6 desaturases were inhibited by gallic acid esterified with alcohols with various numbers ...
Ivanetich K M - - 1996
A new method of assay for the delta 6-desaturation of linoleic acid was developed. This method, which uses HPLC for separation of the fatty acid substrate and product, exhibited a lower coefficient of variation (0.3%) than the reported TLC method (3.5%), and avoided the step of methylation of the saponified ...
Kriegmair M - - 1996
PURPOSE: We determined whether the sensitivity of detecting dysplasia or early bladder cancer can be improved by 5-aminolevulinic acid induced porphyrin fluorescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3% 5-aminolevulinic acid solution was instilled intravesically before cystoscopy in 104 patients. The 5-aminolevulinic acid induced porphyrin fluorescence was excited by violet light from ...
Yang J Z - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate and compare the conversion of 5-aminolevulinic acid into the endogenous photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX in experimentally induced endometriosis and in other normal tissues in a rat model. STUDY DESIGN: Fluorescence of experimental endometriotic lesions, uterus, peritoneum, bowel mesentery, bladder, eye, skin, and skeletal muscle was ...
Gannon M J - - 1995
Photosensitization of the endometrium was attempted in vitro and in vivo by intrauterine administration of 5-aminolevulinic acid, which is converted to the photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX. Protoporphyrin IX was found in both functional and basal layers of the endometrial glands at concentrations nine and 10 times higher than myometrium in in ...
Carballeira N M - - 1995
A new brominated fatty acid, 6-bromo-5,9-eicosadienoic acid [1] was identified in the phospholipids (mainly phosphatidylethanolamine) of the anemone Condylactis gigantea and the zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum. The delta 5,9 fatty acids, 5,9-octadecadienoic acid, 5,9-eicosadienoic acid, 5,9-docosadienoic acid, and 5,9-tetracosadienoic acid, were also identified in both organisms. Structural elucidation was accomplished by ...
Peng Q - - 1995
Microscopic fluorescence photometry incorporating a light-sensitive thermo-electrically cooled charge-coupled device (CCD) camera was employed to investigate the fluorescence distribution of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced porphyrins in 22 patients with a total number of 52 noduloulcerative basal cell carcinomas (BCC) after topical ALA application with or without dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO)/ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) or ...
Szeimies R M - - 1995
A promising new therapeutic modality for skin cancer, administration of the heme precursor 5-aminolevulinic acid followed by light irradiation, is known as photodynamic therapy. Photofrin, the only clinically approved sensitizer, has an absorption maximum at 630 nm, the wavelength used in most experimental and clinical trials with 5-aminolevulinic acid. We ...
Lee C Z - - 1995
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) encodes two proteins, the small delta antigen (SHDAg) and large delta antigen (LHDAg). The latter is identical to the former except for the presence of additional 19 amino acids at the C terminus. While SHDAg is required for HDV replication, LHDAg inhibits replication and, together with ...
Takahashi Y - - 1995
The alteration of main disaccharide units in the skin of hairless mice (HOS:Hr 1) after chronic and repeated ultraviolet light (UV) radiation was investigated using high performance liquid chromatography after labeling with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone. The total amount of main disaccharide units increased by UVA irradiation at the 24th and 36th weeks ...
Basiuk V A - - 1995
To describe quantitatively the adsorption of prebiotically important compounds of low molecular weight (amino acids, short linear peptides, cyclic dipeptides, the Krebs's cycle and other carboxylic acids, nucleosides and related phosphates) on silica surface from diluted neutral aqueous solutions, equilibrium constants (K) and free energies (-delta G) of adsorption were ...
Ikegawa S - - 1995
From a stereochemical point of view, the dehydrogenation mechanism of the biotransformation of 3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha-trihydroxy-5 beta-cholestanoic acid (THCA) into (24E)-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha-trihydroxy-5 beta-cholest-24-enoic acid (delta 24-THCA) has been studied with capillary gas chromatography (GC)/negative ion chemical ionization (NICI)-mass spectrometry. After incubation of (24R,25R)- or (24S,25S)-[24,25-2H2]THCA, synthesized from ...
Zelenaya-Troitskaya O - - 1995
The yeast mitochondrial high mobility group protein Abf2p is required, under certain growth conditions, for the maintenance of wild-type (rho+) mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). We have identified a multicopy suppressor of the mtDNA instability phenotype of cells with a null allele of the ABF2 gene (delta abf2). The suppressor is a ...
Serve M P - - 1995
The urinary metabolites of n-nonane in male Fischer 344 rats, after administering the hydrocarbon by gavage, included gamma-valerolactone, delta-hexanolactone, 2,5-hexanedione, delta-heptanolactone, 1-heptanol, 2-nonanol, 3-nonanol, 4-nonanol, 4-nonanone and 5-methyl-2-(3-oxobutyl)furan. Metabolism strongly favored the formation of monoalcohols and lactones, which are the products of appropriately substituted hydroxy carboxylic acids. The metabolites were ...
Szirmai M - - 1995
The first synthesis of unlabelled and [2H5]-labelled 4",5"-bisnor-delta 1-THC-7,3"-dioic acid, the major dicarboxylated urinary metabolite of delta 1-THC in man, is presented (preliminary results of this work have been presented in part at the Melbourne Symposium on Cannabis, Australia, September 1987, Ref. 1). The synthesis of methyl 3-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-[3,3-2H2]-propanoate (8) is ...
Tamura A - - 1995
Amino acid replacements of Met73, which is hyper-exposed in the native structure, with Asp, Glu, Lys, Gly, Ala, Val, Leu or Ile changed the stability of Streptomyces subtilism inhibitor by +1.60 to -0.94 kcal/mol-1 in free energy at 82.21 degrees C at pH 7.0, with higher hydrophobicity of the replacing ...
Zou J. - - 1995
Microspore-derived (MD) embryos of Brassica napus L. cv Reston were used to test the effects of (+)-abscisic acid ([(+)-ABA]) and its metabolites, 8[prime]-hydroxyabscisic acid (8[prime]-OH ABA) and (-)-phaseic acid (PA), on the accumulation of very long-chain monounsaturated fatty acids (VLCMFAs) and induction of genes encoding a 19-kD oleosin protein and ...
Malik Z - - 1995
Topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) application in three different creams was carried out on mice bearing subcutaneously transplanted C26 colon carcinoma. The creams contained (a) 20% ALA alone, (b) ALA with 2% dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) and (c) ALA, DMSO and 2% edetic acid disodium salt (EDTA). Protoporphyrin IX (PP) production in the ...
Limberg G - - 1995
Aldonic acids containing four to six carbon atoms were tested as potential substrates of dihydroxy acid dehydratase (DHAD), an enzyme from the biosynthetic pathway of branched chain amino acids. Novel assay systems for observing the course of DHAD catalysed reactions were developed in order to adapt the enzyme to extended ...
Wöhrmann A P - - 1995
Antifreeze glycopeptides (AFGP) have been isolated from the fully pelagic high-Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum of the suborder Notothenioidei (Perciformes). The fishes were caught during the PRV Polarstern expedition EPOS III (Jan-Mar, 1989) in the eastern and southeastern Weddell Sea. Glycoconjugate and amino acid analysis of antifreeze glycopeptides (AFGP) indicate that ...
Yu S - - 1995
In the present study we used regression analyses to evaluate the effects of stearic acid (18:0) on total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations (mmol/L). Using data from 18 articles, we developed the following predictive equations (monounsaturated fatty acids, MUFAs; polyunsaturated fatty acids, PUFAs): delta TC = 0.0522 ...
Leikin A - - 1995
The delta 6-desaturase system was isolated from rat liver microsomes by high hydrostatic pressure (1500 bars) and the enzyme components were then separated by size chromatography. The lipids extracted by organic solvents from the pressure shed fractions were phosphatidylcholine (PC) and cholesterol at a mole ratio of 4:1. The acyl ...
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