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Jiang Jie - - 2013
The expression of fatty acid metabolism-associated proteins is correlated with the prognosis of meningiomas. Meningioma is a common tumor of the nervous system; however, reliable prognostic markers for meningioma are currently insufficient. High fatty acid synthase (FAS) expression occurs in many tumors, and is associated with tumor progression and grade. ...
Kwon Eilhann - - 2012
This work demonstrates that the production of biodiesel using the lipids extracted from sewage sludge (SS) could be economically feasible because of the remarkably high yield of oil and low cost of this feedstock, as compared to conventional biodiesel feedstocks. The yield of oil from SS, 980,000 L ha-1 year-1, ...
He Hongshan - - 2012
A simple zinc porphyrin with an acrylic acid at the meso position exhibits an energy conversion efficiency of 5.1%, demonstrating its potential for cost-effective dye-sensitized solar cells.
Gao Min-Tian - - 2012
In this study, component analysis of a novel biodiesel-producing alga, Pseudochoricystis ellipsoidea, was performed. The component analysis results indicated that proteins and amino acids are abundant in P.ellipsoidea while the sugar content is relatively low. Rather than its use as a carbon source, the use of the algal biomass residue ...
Sonhom Rossukon - - 2012
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of tetrapyrroles. Its current production is expensive. We have developed a low-cost medium for Propionibacterium acidipropionici to produce extracellular ALA. When grown at 35 °C on a medium containing 3 % (w/v) food-grade sodium lactate supplemented with 18 g glycine/l, 4.05 g succinate/l, 1.8 g glucose/l, ...
Delea Thomas E - - 2012
Abstract Objective: In the Medical Research Council Myeloma IX Study (MMIX), zoledronic acid (ZOL) 4 mg 3-4/week reduced the incidence of skeletal-related events (SREs), increased progression free survival (PFS), and prolonged overall survival (OS), compared with clodronic acid (CLO) 1600 mg daily, in 1970 patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: An ...
Stamuli Eugena - - 2012
Plantar warts (verrucae) are extremely common. Although many will spontaneously disappear without treatment, treatment may be sought for a variety of reasons such as discomfort. There are a number of different treatments for cutaneous warts, with salicylic acid and cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen being two of the most common forms ...
Jentink Janneke J University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2012
Anti-epileptic drugs are known to be teratogenic, yet many women do need to continue the anti-epileptic drug use during pregnancy. To perform an economic evaluation of the anti-epileptic drug choice in young women who potentially wish to become pregnant. In particular, to estimate the impact of teratogenicity on the costs ...
Parsons Philip J - - 2011
A reaction of 2-hydroxy-2-methylbutan-3-one with sodium hydride in the presence or absence of ethyl formate after acid workup gave the spirocyclic ether 3.
He Xia - - 2011
The presence of hardened and insoluble fats, oil, and grease (FOG) deposits in sewer lines is a major cause of line blockages leading to sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs). Despite the central role that FOG deposits play in SSOs, little is known about the mechanisms of FOG deposit formation in sanitary ...
Moreau Jennifer L - - 2011
Dental composites do not hinder bacteria colonization and plaque formation. Caries at the restoration margins is a frequent reason for replacement of existing restorations, which accounts for 50 to 70% of all restorations. The objectives of this study were to examine the filler level effect on nanocomposite containing nanoparticles of ...
Gao Hongbo - - 2011
We investigated the effects of short-term root-zone hypoxic stress and exogenous calcium application or deficiency in an anoxic nutrient solution on nitrogen metabolism in the roots of the muskmelon cultivar Xiyu No. 1. Seedlings grown in the nutrient solution under hypoxic stress for 6d displayed significantly reduced plant growth and ...
Van den Eynden Jimmy - - 2011
The inhibitory neurotransmitter glycine is known to enhance microglial nitric oxide production. However, up to now, the mechanism is undocumented. Since calcium is an important second messenger in both immune and glial cells, we studied the effects of glycine on intracellular calcium signaling. We found that millimolar concentrations of glycine ...
Ramesh Thangavelu - - 2011
Citric acid (CA) is the most important commercial product which is produced by using various sugar substrates in the terrestrial environment. The present study made an attempt to produce citric acid by the fungal strain Aspergillus niger from red seaweed Gelidiella acerosa is the best alternative to sugar substrate in ...
Redbord Kelley Pagliai - - 2011
Soft-tissue augmentation with hyaluronic acid and calcium hydroxyl apatite are among the most widely used minimally invasive cosmetic treatments for the correction of contour deficiencies and wrinkles of the face without the risk, recovery time, and expense of a major surgery. Training and experience in the art and science of ...
Strohmaier Walter Ludwig - - 2010
Uric acid crystallizes as an anhydrous compound (UAA), a dihydrate (UAD) or a mixture of both. A monohydrate form is very rare. About 20% of uric acid stones contain a significant amount (≥20%) UAD. It is believed that UAD crystallizes under highly acidic conditions (urine pH ≤ 5.0). Up to now, metabolic ...
Dieng-Sarr Farimata - - 2011
Our objective was to analyse the acid strengths and concentrations in contemporary self-etch adhesives and test whether the adhesion/decalcification concept functions the same way for all products. The self-etching adhesives were dissolved in a 50% water-ethanol solvent, these were reacted with biological apatite (HA) in the form of powder of ...
Corley R A - - 2011
A previously developed PBPK model for ethylene glycol and glycolic acid was extended to include glyoxylic acid, oxalic acid, and the precipitation of calcium oxalate that is associated with kidney toxicity in rats and humans. The development and evaluation of the PBPK model was based upon previously published pharmacokinetic studies ...
Hopwood Jennifer - - 2011
A fast and sensitive method for screening transaminase activity and enantioselectivity, using D- and L-amino acid oxidases, allows new amine substrates to be rapidly identified.
Abad Sandra - - 2011
By combining gene design and heterologous over-expression of Rhodotorula gracilis D: -amino acid oxidase (RgDAO) in Pichia pastoris, enzyme production was enhanced by one order of magnitude compared to literature benchmarks, giving 350 kUnits/l of fed-batch bioreactor culture with a productivity of 3.1 kUnits/l h. P. pastoris cells permeabilized by freeze-drying ...
Brandt Alex L - - 2010
Combining food antimicrobials can enhance inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat (RTE) meats. A broth dilution assay was used to compare the inhibition of L. monocytogenes resulting from exposure to nisin, acidic calcium sulfate, ɛ-poly-L-lysine, and lauric arginate ester applied singly and in combination. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were the ...
Zhang Ming - - 2011
The study was designed to explore the toxic effects of arsanilic acid on piglet Sertoli cells. Sertoli cells were isolated from piglet testes using a two-step enzyme digestion followed by differential plating. Piglet Sertoli cells were cultured and classified into the following five groups: group A, the control without arsanilic ...
Hughes Austin L AL Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, 700 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2010
L-amino acid oxidases (LAOs), because they produce hydrogen peroxide as a by-product, function in innate immune defenses of both vertebrates and mollusks. Phylogenetic analysis revealed two major subfamilies of LAOs: (1) a subfamily including LAOs from vertebrates and mainly from Terrabacteria and (2) a subfamily including LAOs from mollusks and ...
Jawalekar S - - 2010
To get complete information about the chemical composition and physicochemical principles underlying the formation of stone there is a need for more precise information. At present there is no single analytical procedure that provides an exact quantitative analysis of urinary calculi. In this present procedure it is assumed that only ...
Hyon Gang-Su - - 2010
In the Japanese pear pathotype of Alternaria alternata, H2O2 is generated solely from penetration pegs and not from other portions of subcuticular hyphae within the pectin layers of host leaves. A close association between H2O2 generation and fungal aggressiveness is expected because the pegs are important for fungal penetration into ...
Deolindo Poliana - - 2010
Bothrops jararaca venom induces programmed cell death in epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi. Here we fractionated the venom and observed that the anti-T. cruzi activity was associated with fractions that present L-amino acid oxidase (L-AAO) activity. L-AAO produces H(2)O(2), which is highly toxic. The addition of catalase to the medium, a ...
Ramasamy Ramaraja P - - 2010
Multicopper oxidases linked to multiwall carbon nanotubes via the molecular tethering reagent, 1-pyrenebutanoic acid, succinimidyl ester, displayed high bioelectrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction.
Katane Masumi - - 2011
D-aspartate oxidase (DDO) and D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) are flavin adenine dinucleotide-containing flavoproteins that catalyze the oxidative deamination of D-amino acids. Unlike DAO, which acts on several neutral and basic D-amino acids, DDO is highly specific for acidic D-amino acids. Based on molecular modeling and simulated annealing docking analyses, a ...
Xin Yan-Fei - - 2010
Unidirectionally chiral inversion of N(G)-nitro-D-arginine (D-NNA) to its L-enantiomer (L-NNA) occurred in rats, and it was blocked markedly (ca. 80%) by renal vascular ligation, and entirely (100%) by the D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) inhibitor sodium benzoate, suggesting that renal DAO is essential for the inversion. However, the doses of sodium ...
Saam Jan - - 2010
Molecular dynamics simulations and implicit ligand sampling methods have identified trajectories and sites of high affinity for O(2) in the protein framework of the flavoprotein D-amino-acid oxidase (DAAO). A specific dynamic channel for the diffusion of O(2) leads from solvent to the flavin Si-side (amino acid substrate and product bind ...
Klompmaker Sandra H - - 2010
d-Amino acid oxidase (DAO) is an important flavo-enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of d-amino acids into the corresponding alpha-keto acid, ammonia and H(2)O(2). We identified two amino acid oxidases in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris: Dao1p, which preferentially uses d-alanine as a substrate, and Dao2p, which uses d-aspartate as ...
Liu Xiaoying - - 2010
A colloidal gold-modified carbon ionic liquid electrode was constructed by mixing colloidal gold-modified graphite powder with a solid room temperature ionic liquid n-octyl-pyridinium hexafluorophosphate (OPPF(6)). Glucose oxidase (GOD) was entrapped in this composite matrix and maintained its bioactivity well and displayed excellent stability. The effect conditions of pH, applied potential ...
Das Shuvendu - - 2010
Glycolate oxidase (GO; (S)-2-hydroxyacid oxidase, EC 1.1.3.15) is a flavin mononucleotide (FMN)-dependent enzyme, which catalyzes the oxidation of 2-hydroxy carboxylic acids to the corresponding 2-keto acids. Catalase has been used as cocatalyst to decompose hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction, thus limiting peroxide-based side reactions and GO deactivation. GO from ...
Nguyen Don Trinh - - 2010
Sesquiterpene lactones are characteristic natural products in Asteraceae, which constitutes approximately 8% of all plant species. Despite their physiological and pharmaceutical importance, the biochemistry and evolution of sesquiterpene lactones remain unexplored. Here we show that germacrene A oxidase (GAO), evolutionarily conserved in all major subfamilies of Asteraceae, catalyzes three consecutive ...
Alcaro Stefano - - 2010
Chromone carboxylic acids were evaluated as human monoamine oxidase A and B (hMAO-A and hMAO-B) inhibitors. The biological data indicated that only chromone-3-carboxylic acid is a potent hMAO-B inhibitor, with a high degree of selectivity for hMAO-B compared to hMAO-A. Conversely the chromone-2-carboxylic acid resulted almost inactive against both MAO ...
Ehrlich Kenneth C - - 2010
On the basis of gene disruption and enzyme activity, hypC, an open reading frame in the region between the pksA (aflC) and nor-1 (aflD) genes in the aflatoxin biosynthesis gene cluster, encodes a 17-kDa oxidase that converts norsolorinic acid anthrone to norsolorinic acid.
Di Giovanni Marcello - - 2010
In this paper, we examined the distribution pattern of D-aspartic acid (D-Asp), as well as D-aspartate oxidase (D-AspO), D-amino acid oxidase (D-AAO), and L-amino acid oxidase (L-AAO) activities in different tissues of frog, Rana esculenta. High concentrations of free D-Asp were found in the testes (0.21+/-0.02 micromol/g b.w), in the ...
Kim Misook - - 2010
The economics driving biorefinery development requires high value-added products such as cellobiose for financial feasibility. This research describes a simple technology for increasing cellobiose yields during lignocellulosic hydrolysis. The yield of cellobiose produced during cellulose hydrolysis was maximized by modification of reaction conditions. The addition of an inhibitor from the ...
Wang Shaojie - - 2010
A number of 5-phenylisoxazole-3-carboxylic acid derivatives (5a-e, 11a-e) were synthesized and analyzed for their ability to inhibit xanthine oxidase. Most of the compounds exhibited potency levels in the micromolar/submicromolar range. The presence of a cyano group at the 3-position of phenyl moiety turned out to be the preferred substitution pattern, ...
Marita Jane M - - 2010
Producing high quality forage remains a challenge due to potential protein degradation during ensiling. Ten grass species and four cereals were screened for proteolytic inhibition, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity, and the presence of soluble PPO substrates. In orchardgrass, ryegrass, smooth bromegrass, and meadow fescue extracts, the addition of caffeic acid ...
Maruta Takanori - - 2010
To clarify the involvement of seven Arabidopsis homologs of rat L-gulono-1,4-lactone (L-GulL) oxidase, AtGulLOs, in the biosynthesis of L-ascorbic acid (AsA), transgenic tobacco cells overexpressing the various AtGulLOs were generated. Under treatment with L-GulL, the levels of total AsA in three transgenic tobacco cell lines, overexpressing AtGulLO2, 3, or 5, ...
Smith Sean M - - 2010
D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) is a flavoenzyme that degrades D-amino acids through the process of oxidative deamination. DAAO regulation of D-amino acid levels has been associated with several physiological processes ranging from hormone secretion to synaptic transmission and cognition. Recent genetic studies have identified a mutation on chromosome 13 in ...
Nguyen Linh P LP McArdle Laboratory, Department of Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2009
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is well-known for its role in mediating the toxic and adaptive responses to xenobiotic compounds. Recent studies also indicate that AHR ligands are endogenously produced and may be essential for normal development. Previously, we showed that the endogenous enzyme, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), generates the AHR ...
Wong Kin-Sing - - 2010
The industrial importance of Trigonopsis variabilisd-amino acid oxidase (TvDAAO) is represented by its biocatalytic oxidative deamination of cephalosporin C (CPC) to yield glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic acid (GL-7-ACA). The process has been incorporated into a two-step bioconversion to produce 7-aminocephalosporanic acid, the crucial synthetic nucleus for several semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotics. A homology model ...
Verrall L - - 2010
D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) is a flavoenzyme that metabolizes certain D-amino acids, notably the endogenous N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) co-agonist, D-serine. As such, it has the potential to modulate the function of NMDAR and to contribute to the widely hypothesized involvement of NMDAR signalling in schizophrenia. Three lines of evidence ...
Murugaiyah Vikneswaran - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phyllanthus niruri Linn. (Euphorbiaceae) is used as folk medicine in South America to treat excess uric acid. Our initial study showed that the methanol extract of Phyllanthus niruri and its lignans were able to reverse the plasma uric acid of hyperuricemic animals. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study ...
Abou El-Magd R M - - 2010
D-Amino acid oxidase (DAO) has been established to be involved in the oxidation of D-serine, an allosteric activator of the N-methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptor in the brain, and to be associated with the onset of schizophrenia. The effect of risperidone, a benzisoxazole derivative, atypical antischizophrenic drug, on the activity of human ...
Tanigawa Minoru - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori is a microaerophilic bacterium, associated with gastric inflammation and peptic ulcers. D-Amino acid dehydrogenase is a flavoenzyme that digests free neutral D-amino acids yielding corresponding 2-oxo acids and hydrogen. We sequenced the H. pylori NCTC 11637 D-amino acid dehydrogenase gene, dadA. The primary structure deduced from the gene ...
Tojo Yosuke - - 2009
A rapid genotyping method of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO), an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative degradation of most of the D-amino acids in mammals, has been established. This method employs a one-step PCR, restriction enzyme digestion and rapid microchip electrophoresis (MCE), and the DAO genotype of the living individual mice ...
Mora Maria F MF Department of Chemistry, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78249, - - 2009
We have investigated the interaction of d-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) with single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) by spectroscopic ellipsometry. Dynamic adsorption experiments were performed at different experimental conditions. In addition, the activity of the enzyme adsorbed at different conditions was studied. Our results indicate that DAAO can be adsorbed to CNT ...
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