Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 811
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al-Hamidi A A - - 1997
Camel lens zeta-crystallin/NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase activity was inhibited by chloranilic acid (2,5-dichloro-3,6-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone) with NADPH as an electron donor and 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (PQ) as an electron acceptor in a time-independent but concentration dependent manner. The IC50 of chloranilic acid was 1 microM. The inhibition was noncompetitive with respect to both NADPH and PQ ...
Ahn M Y - - 1997
The cytotoxicity of animal venoms (snakes, insects and marine animals) was measured against SNU-1 (stomach cancer cells) by dye uptake assay (MTT method). And also L-amino acid oxidase (AAO) activity of the venoms was compared. Among them, the venom fromOphiophagus hannah (king cobra) showed a strong AAO activity as well ...
Adkins R M - - 1996
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COII), encoded by the mitochondrial genome, exhibits one of the most heterogeneous rates of amino acid replacement among placental mammals. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that cytochrome c oxidase has undergone a structural change in higher primates which has altered its physical interaction with cytochrome ...
Moses J - - 1996
D-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (D-dopa) and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) induced circling in rats with a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of substantia nigra with similar potency. D-Dopa is not a substrate for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, the enzyme which metabolizes L-dopa to dopamine. This raises the question of how D-dopa has behavioral effect. Two pathways have ...
Cravatt B F - - 1996
Endogenous neuromodulatory molecules are commonly coupled to specific metabolic enzymes to ensure rapid signal inactivation. Thus, acetylcholine is hydrolysed by acetylcholine esterase and tryptamine neurotransmitters like serotonin are degraded by monoamine oxidases. Previously, we reported the structure and sleep-inducing properties of cis-9-octadecenamide, a lipid isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of ...
Jean P - - 1996
Oxidation of tienilic acid by human cytochromes P-450 (CYP) 2C9, 2C18, 2C8 and 2C19 was studied using recombinant enzymes expressed in yeast. CYP 2C9 was the best catalyst for 5-hydroxylation of tienilic acid (K(m) = 5 +/- 1 microM, kcat = 1.7 +/- 0.2 min-1), 30-fold more potent in terms ...
Cho S - - 1996
After acute administration of the monoamine oxidase inhibitor clorgyline there is a reduction of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase and tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the mouse striatum. Similar responses were seen after administering the non-selective monoamine oxidase inhibitor pargyline and high, but not low, doses of the selective monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor ...
Shareghi B - - 1996
The guanidine hydrochloride-induced and urea-induced denaturations of swine D-amino acid oxidase (EC 1.4.3.3) dimer were studied by the measurements of the difference absorption spectra in the near-ultra violet region and specific activity. Spectral measurements were made at different pH values (8.3 and 3.2) and temperatures (27, 37 and 47 degrees ...
Reynolds P D - - 1996
AIM: To measure urate and xanthine by high-performance liquid chromatography in mucosal biopsies from patients with ulcerative colitis and controls. RESULTS: Reactive oxygen metabolite activity was demonstrated by a cystine to cysteine ratio of 0.24 +/- 0.08 in the control biopsies compared with 1.79 +/- 0.25 in ulcerative colitis. The ...
Bambal R B - - 1996
The action of cytochrome P450 4A1 (CYP4A1) on fatty acid substrates is characterized by a pronounced regioselectivity for omega-hydroxylation. To elucidate the chemical basis of this specificity we probed the active site of a CYP4A1 fusion protein (f4A1) with bulky and/ or rigid analogs of lauric acid, the optimum natural ...
Fetter J - - 1996
(1) Removal of a carboxyl at residue 132 of subunit I of Rhodobacter sphaeroides cytochrome c oxidase significantly inhibits electron transfer and makes proton pumping undetectable [Fetter et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 1604-1608]. When reconstituted into phospholipid vesicles (COV), wild-type oxidase shows respiratory control that is ...
Summers J. E. - - 1996
A highly sensitive laser-driven photoacoustic detector responsive to [less than or equal to]2.1 nmol m-3 ethylene (50 parts per trillion [v/v]) was used for ethylene analysis. Dark-grown plants of Potamogeton pectinatus L. growing from small tubers made no ethylene. Exposure of shoots to white light, wounding, submergence in water followed ...
Shareghi B - - 1996
The kinetics and thermodynamics of denaturation of D-amino acid oxidase by sodium n-dodecyl sulphate (SDS) was studied in the presence and absence of additional amounts of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) at various temperatures (310-325 K) in 0.02 M sodium pyrophosphate at pH = 8.3. The activity measurement data was gathered ...
Demaurex N - - 1996
The regulation of the intracelluar pH (pHi) during spreading of human neutrophils was studied by a combination of fluorescence imaging and video microscopy. Spreading on adhesive substrates caused a rapid and sustained cytosolic alkalinization. This pHi increase was prevented by the omission of external Na+, suggesting that it results from ...
Shet M s - - 1996
The recombinant fusion protein rF450[mRat4Al/mRatOR]L1, containing the heme domain of P450 4A1 and the flavin domains of NADPH-P450 reductase, when incubated with dilaurylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC), Chaps, cytochrome b5, and a 20-fold excess of purified NADPH-P450 reductase, catalyzes the omega- oxidation of lauric acid at a rate of about 300 nmol/min/nmol P450. ...
Stocker A - - 1996
The FAD analogue, N6-(6-carboxyhexyl)-FAD, carrying a hexanoic acid residue at the N6 position of the adenine moiety was synthesized. A new semi-synthetic oxidase, N6-(6-carbamoylhexyl)-FAD-D-amino acid oxidase, was prepared by reacting the succinimido ester of N6-(6-carboxyhexyl)-FAD with apo-D-amino-acid oxidase from pig kidney in the presence of benzoate. Reaction conditions and methods ...
Ullrich O - - 1996
In rat kidney cortex mitochondria, 4-hydroxynonenal inhibits state 3 respiration as well as uncoupled respiration at micromolar concentrations. The inhibition is more distinct for NAD-linked than for FAD-linked respiration. 4-Hydroxynonenal increases the state 4 respiration. It is assumed that 4-hydroxynonenal behaves like a decoupling agent. 4-Hydroxynonenal augments the inhibitory effect ...
Horner R - - 1996
Induction of the d-amino acid oxidase (EC. 1.4.3.3) from the yeast Trigonopsis variabilis was investigated by using a minimal medium containing glucose as the carbon and energy source, (NH(inf4))(inf2)SO(inf4) as the nitrogen source, and various d- and dl-amino acid derivatives as inducers. The best new inducers found were N-carbamoyl-d-alanine, N-acetyl-d-tryptophan, ...
Devchand M - - 1996
The biocatalytic production of glyoxylic acid from glycolic acid requires two enzymes: glycolate oxidase, which catalyzes the oxidation of glycolic acid by oxygen to produce glyoxylic acid and hydrogen peroxide, and catalase, which decomposes the byproduct hydrogen peroxide. As an alternative to isolation from the leaf peroxisomes of spinach, glycolate ...
Jiang W G - - 1996
The effect of n-6 fatty acids, particularly gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), on the oxidase response and neutrophil priming by tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 8 was studied in both normal volunteers and patients with obstructive jaundice. GLA inhibited the neutrophil respiratory burst at concentrations higher than 50 mummol/l, but abolished ...
Schräder T - - 1996
Inactivation of D-amino acid oxidase occurred by different mechanisms. The enzyme showed a rapid loss of activity in the presence of micromolar amounts of Cu2+ and Hg2+. It was also sensitive to oxidative inactivation by Fe2+ and H2O2 when both reagents were added in millimolar amounts. When oxidatively inactivated D-amino ...
Scheller U - - 1996
Two enzymes, P450 52A3 (P450Cm1) and 52A4 (P450Cm2), the genes of which belong to the CYP52 multigene family occurring in the alkane-assimilating yeast Candida maltosa, have been characterized biochemically and compared in terms of their substrate specificities. For this purpose, both the p450 proteins and the corresponding C. maltosa NADPH-cytochrome ...
Nakayama N - - 1996
We have purified membrane-bound fatty acid (omega-1-omega-3) hydroxylase of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum MT-811 and found that the activity depends on a single polypeptide with an apparent M(r) value of 118,000. The purified hydroxylase exhibited spectral characteristics of cytochrome P450 (P450), and could catalyze the hydroxylation without the aid of ...
Kimura T - - 1996
Eighty-nine synthetic substrates for elastase enzyme and its activities (log 1/Km, log kcat, and log Kcat/Km) are treated using partial least squares (PLS) and quadratic partial least squares (QPLS). Chemical features of synthetic substrates are described using principal properties (PPs). By using the QPLS method, we obtain the nonlinear model ...
Daltry J C - - 1996
The Malayan pit viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma) is of major clinical significance both as a leading cause of snakebite and as the source of ancrod (Arvin). Although its venom has been extensively studied, the degree to which venom composition varies between individuals is poorly known. We individually analysed the venoms of ...
Alam J M - - 1996
Alkaline phosphomonoesterase, phosphodiesterase, L-amino acid oxidase, hyaluronidase, 5'-nucleotidase, arginine ester hydrolase, phospholipase A2 and proteinase activities were determined in eight snake venoms, including three from sea snake, of families Elapidae and Viperidae from Pakistan. The species includes three sea snakes Hydrophis cyanocinctus, Enhydrina schsitosa, Microcephalophis gracilis gracilis and two land ...
Kita A - - 1996
The three-dimensional structure of a flavoprotein, FP(390), from a luminescent bacterium, Photobacterium phosphoreum, solved by the molecular-replacement method, was refined to an R factor of 24.0% for 17 433 independent reflections, from 6.0 to 2.7 A resolution, collected by synchrotron radiation. The asymmetric unit of the crystal (space group P4(3)22, ...
Vallat C - - 1996
We describe the fortuitous discovery of a 44-year-old man with a very high hyperpipecolataemia (250 mumol/L; normal < 2.5). This patient has none of the clinical features seen in peroxisomal diseases, he is a strictly normal intelligent adult. A stereochemical study of this pipecolic acid was performed using D-amino acid ...
Many A - - 1996
Hyperuricemia is associated with the severity of preeclampsia and with fetal outcome. Traditionally the high uric acid concentration in preeclampsia has been attributed soley to renal dysfunction. Preeclampsia is also characterized by increased free radical formation and elevated oxidative stress. Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase produces uric acid. Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase is present as ...
Payne M S - - 1995
Glycolate oxidase (GO) is a flavo-enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of glycolate, and is useful for the biocatalytic production of glyoxylate. We have produced high levels of spinach GO in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris (Pp), by chromosomal integration of multiple copies of an expression cassette containing the GO coding ...
Eggert C - - 1995
The phenoxazinone chromophore occurs in a variety of biological systems, including numerous pigments and certain antibiotics. It also appears to form as part of a mechanism to protect mammalian tissue from oxidative damage. During cultivation of the basidiomycete, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus, a red pigment was observed to accumulate in the culture ...
Espín J C - - 1995
A continuous spectrophotometric method for the determination of the monophenolase and diphenolase activities of apple polyphenol oxidase is described. The method is based on the coupling reaction between 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) and the quinone product of the oxidation of p-hydroxyphenyl propionic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl propionic acid in the presence of ...
Fujita T - - 1995
Effects of various fatty acids and fatty acyl CoA esters on Cu(2+)-induced conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to oxidase in rabbit liver were examined. Cu2+ (2-10 microM) brought about the conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to oxidase in a dose-dependent manner. Oleic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acids (50-200 microM) prevented the conversion ...
Tanizawa K - - 1995
Recently, two novel quinonoid coenzymes, 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone (topa quinone; TPQ) and tryptophan tryptophylquinone (TTQ), were identified in copper-containing amine oxidase and methylamine dehydrogenase, respectively. Unlike the formerly known quinonoid coenzyme, pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), which is non-covalently bound to several prokaryotic dehydrogenases and produced through its own biosynthetic pathway, each of ...
Wang T W - - 1995
Two Pelargonium 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase cDNAs (GAC-1 and GAC-2) were identified and characterized. GAC-1 is 1934 bp long with a 1446-bp open reading frame encoding a 54.1-kD polypeptide. GAC-2 is a 1170-bp-long ACC synthase polymerase chain reaction fragment encoding 390 amino acids. Expression of GAC-1 and GAC-2 together with a ...
Alterman M A - - 1995
In contrast to several isoforms of cytochrome P450 (including 1A1, 1A2, 2B1, 2C2, 2C6 and 2E1), cytochrome P450 4A1 and a fusion protein derived from it, show a strong preference for hydroxylation of lauric acid (C12) at the less chemically reactive omega-CH3 group instead of the more reactive (omega-1)-CH2 group. ...
Chang W S - - 1995
Nineteen phenolic carboxylic acid analogues were tested for the effects on xanthine oxidase inhibition. 2,2',4,'4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone and 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzoic acid displayed the strongest activities (IC50 = 38.70 microM, IC50 = 90.16 microM respectively). Their apparent inhibition constants (Ki) were 7.052 and 0.535 microM respectively, and induced mixed type and competitive type inhibitions ...
Faulkner K M - - 1995
The cyclic enzymatic function of a cytochrome P450, as it catalyzes the oxygen-dependent metabolism of many organic chemicals, requires the delivery of two electrons to the hemeprotein. In general these electrons are transferred from NADPH to the P450 via an FMN- and FAD-containing flavoprotein (NADPH-P450 reductase). The present paper shows ...
Zimmer T - - 1995
To establish a system for functional characterization of individual Candida maltosa cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, the NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase from this yeast species was co-expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with each of the following cytochrome P450 forms; P450Cm1 (CYP52 A3), P450Cm2 (CYP52 A4), and P450AlK2A (CYP52 A5). For this purpose, a multicopy ...
Kashiwagi A - - 1995
This study attempts to clarify peroxisomal enzyme activity changes in the atrophying tail of anuran tadpoles. Changes in catalase, D-amino acid oxidase and urate oxidase activity were spectrophotometrically investigated using tadpole tails of Rana japonica and Rana nigromaculata. In R. japonica, total catalase activity decreased in tails undergoing regression during ...
Ruzafa C - - 1995
The nature of the pigment formed by Vibrio cholerae and the characterization of its biosynthetic pathway is shown. This microorganism is able to synthesize melanin-like pigment when cultured in the presence of L-tyrosine. Other phenolic chemicals related to L-tyrosine do not lead to pigment production. The microorganism has no tyrosine ...
Isobe K - - 1995
A glycerol oxidase from Aspergillus japonicus oxidized ethylene glycol to glyoxal by the same reaction pathway as alcohol oxidases from methanol yeast. The optimum pH and temperature for the oxidation of ethylene glycol were around 7.0 and 40 degrees C, respectively. Those of glycolaldehyde were similar to those of ethylene ...
Obata T - - 1995
The effect of pargyline, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, on the generation of hydroxyl free radicals (OH) was investigated using striatal microdialysis. Salicylic acid in Ringer's solution (0.5 nmol microliter-1 min-1) was infused through a microdialysis probe to detect the generation of hydroxyl radicals (OH) as reflected by the formation of ...
Shumyantseva V V - - 1995
1. This study deals with the oxidation of organophosphorus amino acid analogues by phenobarbital-induced rabbit liver microsomes. It has been shown that 1-aminoalkylphosphonous and 1-aminoalkylthiophosphonic acids are converted by P450 to 1-aminoalkylphosphonic acids. 2. Phosphonous analogues of amino acids cause type I spectral changes, and thiophosphonic analogues produce reverse type ...
Gerhardinger C - - 1995
A Pseudomonas sp. soil strain, selected for its ability to grow on epsilon-(1-deoxyfructosyl) aminocaproic acid, was induced to express a membrane-bound enzymatic activity which oxidatively degrades Amadori products into free fructosamine. Apparent Km values for fructosyl aminocaproate, epsilon-fructosyl lysine, fructosyl glycine, and ribated lysine were 0.21 mM, 2.73 mM, 3.52 ...
Pessatti M - - 1995
Toxins, enzymes, and biologically active peptides are the main components of snake venoms from the genus Bothrops. Following the venom inoculation, the local effects are hemorrhage, edema, and myonecrosis. Nineteen different species of Brazilian Bothrops were screened for protein content and L-amino acid oxidase activity. B. cotiara, formerly found in ...
Rich J N - - 1995
We have previously shown that diet restriction-induced depletion of large neutral amino acids (LNAAs) in murine plasma to 46% of control significantly enhances intracranial delivery of melphalan without enhancing delivery to other organs. Studies have now been conducted to determine whether more substantial LNAA depletion could further enhance intracranial delivery ...
Ferjancic-Biagini A - - 1995
The first step in the set of reactions responsible for the biological utilization of L-2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid, the methionine hydroxy analogue, in protein synthesis was investigated in vitro using pure L-2-hydroxy acid oxidase A from chicken liver. The reaction yielded no more than 20% of the corresponding alpha-keto acid, the well-known ...
Urakami T - - 1996
Imidazopyrroloquinoline (IPQ) compounds synthesized from coenzyme PQQ (pyrroloquinoline quinone) and various kinds of amino acids were characterized. IPQ was synthesized from coenzyme PQQ and one of three amino acids (glycine, L-tryptophan and L-tyrosine). Two kinds of IPQ compound were formed from coenzyme PQQ and L-serine. At higher pH, IPQ was ...
Nakamura S - - 1995
We examined the histochemical localization of monoamine oxidase in the hippocampus of young and old senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM). We found a monoamine oxidase-B-positive granular structure (MGS) in the hippocampus of old SAMP8, an accelerated senescence-prone line of SAM. The MGS was a round-shaped granular structure of 0.5 to 5 microns ...
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