Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 811
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Lee B H - - 1999
D-Arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase, which catalyzes the terminal step in the biosynthesis of D-erythroascorbic acid in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was functionally expressed in Escherichia coli inherently lacking the enzyme. The recombinant E. coli strain expressing the enzyme could overproduce D-erythroascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid when supplied with D-arabinono-1,4-lactone and L-galactono-1,4-lactone, respectively.
Mujawar SK - - 1999
A tailor-made glycidyl methacrylate-divinyl benzene (GMA-DVB) copolymer PC-3 was evolved by studying the effect of synthesis variables on binding and expression of D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) from Aspergillus species strain 020. Almost quantitative binding (100%) and a high yield of immobilization per unit of enzyme loaded was achieved. Optimum pH, ...
Wakatsuki A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ischemia and subsequent reperfusion would affect xanthine oxidase activity in fetal rat brain capillaries. STUDY DESIGN: We used rats on day 19 of pregnancy. Fetal ischemia was induced by bilateral occlusion of the utero-ovarian artery for 20 minutes. Reperfusion was ...
Souza D H - - 1999
We have purified a cytotoxic L-amino acid oxidase (LAO) from Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus snake venom by means of Superdex-200 gel filtration, followed by phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B chromatography. The purified enzyme (ACL LAO) is a dimer on gel filtration, with a M(r) of 60,000 for the monomer as estimated by SDS-PAGE. LAO ...
Wempe M F - - 1999
Glutathione transferase zeta (GSTZ) catalyzes the biotransformation of alpha-haloalkanoic acids. Treatment of rats or humans with dichloroacetic acid prolongs its elimination half-life, and preliminary studies in this laboratory show that fluorine-lacking, but not fluorine-containing dihaloacetic acids inactivate GSTZ. In the present study, the GSTZ-catalyzed biotransformation of unlabeled and deuterated dihaloacetic ...
Erickson R W - - 1999
The superoxide-generating neutrophil NADPH oxidase can be activated in cell-free reconstitution systems by several agonists, most notably arachidonic acid and the detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate. In this study, we show that both phosphatidic acids and diacylglycerols can serve separately as potent, physiologic activators of NADPH oxidase in a cell-free system. ...
Wang J - - 1999
Among the large number of plant O-methyltransferases that are involved in secondary metabolism, only a few have been enzymatically characterized, and little information is available on the structure of their substrate binding site and the mechanism which determines their substrate specificity and methylation regiospecificity. We have previously reported the isolation ...
Gabler M - - 1999
The fungus Fusarium oxysporum produced a D-amino acid oxidase (EC 1. 4.3.3) in a medium containing glucose as the carbon and energy source and ammonium sulfate as the nitrogen source. The specific D-amino acid oxidase activity was increased up to 12.5-fold with various D-amino acids or their corresponding derivatives as ...
Maragos W F - - 1999
We have previously shown that dopamine depletion reduces striatal damage elicited by the mitochondrial neurotoxins malonate and 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP). Metabolism of dopamine by monoamine oxidase results in the formation of hydrogen peroxide, which may mediate dopamine toxicity. In this study, administration of the monoamine oxidase inhibitors clorgyline and deprenyl ...
Sarkar P - - 1999
Screen-printed three-electrode amperometric sensors incorporating L- and/or D-amino acid oxidase for the general purpose measurement of L- or D-amino acids is described. The working electrode incorporates rhodinized carbon, to facilitate hydrogen peroxide oxidation at a decreased operating potential, and immobilized enzyme. The devices responded to all 20 common L-amino acids ...
Garcia S F - - 1999
Hereditary ochronosis, or alkaptonuria, results from deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase. It is an autosomal recessive condition found in geographically isolated populations. The excess homogentisic acid deposits in collagenous structures, leading to unusual pigmentation of the skin overlying cartilaginous structures, but on occasion pigment is also seen in the sclera, ...
Hasan H A - - 1999
The effects of nine pesticides on the biosynthesis of aflatoxin and oxidase activity in wild-type Aspergillus flavus and mutant strains of A. parasiticus avr-1 (w 49) and A. parasiticus ver-1 (wh 1) were investigated. In A. parasiticus, phosphonic acid derivative (lancer) reduced the formation of aflatoxin B2 but B1, G1 ...
Negri A - - 1999
The flavoenzyme d-aspartate oxidase from beef kidney (DASPO, EC 1.4. 3.1) has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli. A purification procedure, faster than the one used for the enzyme from the natural source (bDASPO), has been set up yielding about 2 mg of pure recombinant protein (rDASPO) per each gram of ...
Váradi M - - 1999
To determine the quantity of free amino acids, the D- and L-forms separately, is an important task in modern nutritional studies. The aim of our present work was to develop rapid, routine methods for fast determination of the different forms of free amino acids. We utilized two enzymes (L-amino acid ...
Alali F Q - - 1999
The Annonaceous acetogenins are promising new antitumor and pesticidal agents that are found only in the plant family Annonaceae. Chemically, they are derivatives of long-chain fatty acids. Biologically, they exhibit their potent bioactivities through depletion of ATP levels via inhibiting complex I of mitochondria and inhibiting the NADH oxidase of ...
Rentzsch A - - 1999
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sco1p is believed to be involved in the transfer of copper from the carrier Cox17p to the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunits 1 and 2. We here report on the results of a mutational analysis of Sco1p. The two cysteine residues of a potential metal-binding motif (CxxxC) are ...
Helliwell C A - - 1999
The Arabidopsis GA3 cDNA was expressed in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and the ability of the transformed yeast cells to metabolize ent-kaurene was tested. We show by full-scan gas chromatography-mass spectrometry that the transformed cells produce ent-kaurenoic acid, and demonstrate that the single enzyme GA3 (ent-kaurene oxidase) catalyzes the three steps ...
Mujawar S K - - 1999
D-Amino acid oxidase (DAAO) used in the preparation of alpha-keto acids, in the determination of D-amino acids and in the resolution of racemic mixture of amino acids is produced by a wide range of microorganisms. In the recent past this enzyme is being recognized for its potential in the commercial ...
Sakai Y - - 1999
Fructosyl amino acid oxidase (FAOD) is the enzyme catalyzing the oxidative deglycation of Amadori compounds, such as fructosyl amino acids, yielding the corresponding amino acids, glucosone, and H(2)O(2). In a previous report, we determined the primary structures of cDNAs coding for FAODs from two fungal strains Aspergillus terreus AP1 and ...
Vikartovská-Welwardová A - - 1999
Stabilization of immobilized D-amino-acid oxidase was achieved as follows. Yeast Trigonopsis variabilis producing D-amino-acid oxidase was used to deaminate cephalosporin C to glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic acid. Permeabilized cells were co-immobilized with manganese dioxide by entrapment in (poly)acrylamide gel so that hydrogen peroxide, liberated in the reaction, could be partially deactivated and both ...
Jinno H - - 1999
We studied the cytotoxic and porphyrinogenic effects of four diphenyl ethers (DPEs), chlornitrofen (CNP), CNP-amino, chlomethoxyfen and bifenox, in rat hepatocytes cultured on Matrigel. Cytotoxicity was determined as a decrease in viability measured by the release of lactate dehydrogenase. Of the DPEs examined. CNP-amino was the most cytotoxic, with an ...
Zafari A M - - 1999
Previously, we showed that angiotensin II stimulation of the NADH/NADPH oxidase is involved in hypertrophy of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Here, we examine the pathways leading to oxidase activation, and demonstrate that arachidonic acid metabolites mediate hypertrophy by activating the p22phox-based NADH/NADPH oxidase. Angiotensin II stimulates phospholipase A2, ...
Henderson L M - - 1998
The efflux of protons through a H+ channel acts as the charge compensation pathway for the electrogenic generation of superoxide (O-2) by human neutrophil NADPH oxidase. It has previously been shown that the N-terminal 230 amino acids of the product of the X-linked chronic granulomatous gene gp91(phox) contain all that ...
Huh W K - - 1998
D-Arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase catalysing the final step of D-erythroascorbic acid biosynthesis was purified from the mitochondrial fraction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Based on the amino acid sequence analysis of the enzyme, an unknown open reading frame (ORF), YML086C, was identified as the ALO1 gene encoding the enzyme. The ORF of ALO1 encoded ...
Cimini A M - - 1998
Peroxisomes were purified from the nervous tissue of 14-day-old rats by means of a Nycodenz gradient. Peroxisomal enzymes exhibited different sedimentation patterns: dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl-transferase equilibrates at 1.142 g/ml together with the first peak of catalase; palmitoyl-CoA oxidase and D-amino acid oxidase activities are mainly recovered at 1.154 g/ml; the ...
Sluse F E - - 1998
Two energy-dissipating systems, an alternative oxidase and an uncoupling protein, are known to exist in plant mitochondria. In tomato fruit mitochondria linoleic acid, a substrate for the uncoupling protein, inhibited the alternative oxidase-sustained respiration and decreased the ADP/O ratio to the same value regardless of the level of alternative oxidase ...
Nucaro E - - 1998
We have examined the ability of Taiwan cobra (Naja naja atra) venom to transform in vitro the amino acid tyrosine to phenolic oxidation products via 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate. This amino acid can be released from neuropeptide substrates by oligopeptidases present in the venom. Using a variety of analytical techniques to probe a ...
Basu P S - - 1998
A monocotyledonous tree, Roystonea regia, was found to bear root nodules. The root nodules contained a high amount (16.9 microg/g fresh mass) of indole acetic acid (IAA). A big tryptophan pool (1555.1 microg/g fresh mass) was found in the root nodules, which might serve as a source of IAA production. ...
Reddy D R - - 1998
Alkaptonuria is a rare genetic disorder caused by deficiency of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase, resulting in accumulation of homogentisic acid in various body tissue; it produces a multisystemic disorder with a characteristic bluish-black discolouration of the skin and cartilage, termed ochranosis. Ochranosis primarily involves the large joints of the ...
Nakagawa Y - - 1998
The relationship between the metabolism and the cytotoxic effects of the alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens) has been studied in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes. Incubation of hepatocytes with propyl-paraben (0.5 to 2.0 mM) elicited a concentration- and time-dependent cell death that was enhanced when enzymatic hydrolysis of propyl-paraben to ...
Rescigno A - - 1998
Tyrosinase is a copper containing protein which catalyzes the hydroxylation of monophenols and the oxidation of diphenols to o-quinones. The monophenolase activity of tyrosinase is characterized by a typical lag time. In this paper the influence of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid on monophenolase activity of tyrosinase is reported. 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid reduced the ...
Hartfield P J - - 1998
In intact neutrophils, arachidonic acid rapidly and transiently activated NADPH oxidase-mediated superoxide generation. Inhibitors of protein kinases (staurosporine and H-7) failed to markedly attenuate arachidonic acid-stimulated superoxide generation. Conversely, the calmodulin antagonist W-7 blocked this arachidonic acid-stimulated response. Similarly, diphenylene iodonium potently inhibited superoxide release. These results suggest that arachidonic ...
Ho B - - 1998
The cis-4,5-epoxide derivative of L-pipecolic acid (2S,4S,5R-epoxypipecolic acid, cis-3) was synthesized and found to serve as an excellent substrate for L-pipecolate oxidase (L-PO) and also to cause time-dependent, irreversible inactivation of the enzyme. Data are presented showing this compound is a mechanism-based inhibitor of L-PO, whereas 2S,3R,4S-epoxyproline acts as a ...
Lacki K - - 1998
Sinapic acid (SA), 3,5-dimethoxy,4-hydroxy cinnamic acid, was incubated with a crude polyphenol oxidase from the fungus Trametes versicolor. Some products of this transformation were isolated and their structures identified using mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. It was found that the enzymatic oxidation ...
Vidal J C - - 1998
The in situ potentiostatic electropolymerization of pyrrole (Py) on a Pt electrode in a thin-layer amperometric cell and the entrapment of the enzyme glucose oxidase (GOx) for the determination of glucose are reported. Polypyrrole (PPy) is directly formed by continuous passage of a buffered solution of the monomer (0.4 M) ...
Shih J C - - 1998
MAO-A and -B are defined by their substrate and inhibitor preferences. To determine which regions of the isoenzymes confer these preferences, we have constructed six chimeric MAO enzymes by reciprocally exchanging corresponding N-terminal, C-terminal, and internal segments of MAO-A and -B then determined the catalytic properties of these chimeric enzymes. ...
Altmann F - - 1998
The N-glycan moiety of ascorbic acid oxidase from zucchini (Cucurbita pepo) has been described to be a core-pentasaccharide with a xylose [D'Andrea et al. (1988) Glycoconjugate J 5:151-7]. Ascorbic acid oxidase is sometimes used to characterize antibodies directed against carbohydrate determinants on plant glycoproteins. To prevent misinterpretations of immunological data, ...
Fiedurek J - - 1998
The production of gluconic acid, extracellular glucose oxidase and catalase in submerged culture by a number of biochemical mutants has been evaluated. Optimization of stirrer speed, time cultivation and buffering action of some chemicals on glucose oxidase, catalase and gluconic acid production by the most active mutant, AM-11, grown in ...
Kostrzewa R M - - 1998
The amino acid, 6-hydroxydopa (6-OHDOPA), found at the active site of amine oxidases, exists as a keto-enol. Exogenously administered 6-OHDOPA is an excitotoxin like beta-N-oxalylamino-L-alanine (BOAA) and beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), acting at the non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (non-NMDA) alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) receptor. BMAA and BOAA are causal factors of neurolathyrism in humans. Much exogenously ...
Mattevi A - - 1997
D-amino acid oxidase is the prototype of flavin-dependent oxidases. The recent resolution of its 3D structure has provided an explanation for several of its properties and has led to a substantial revision of the mechanism of D-amino acid dehydrogenation, with significant implications for the general understanding of flavin-dependent catalysis.
Daff S N - - 1997
Flavocytochrome P-450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium is a 119 kDa polypeptide whose heme and diflavin domains are fused to produce a catalytically self-sufficient fatty acid monooxygenase. Redox potentiometry studies have been performed with intact flavocytochrome P-450 BM3 and with its component heme, diflavin, FAD, and FMN domains. Results indicate that ...
Gommel D U - - 1997
Tryparedoxin, a thioredoxin-related protein from Crithidia fasciculata with a molecular mass of 16 kDa catalyses the reduction of a peroxiredoxin-type peroxidase, Cf21, at the expense of trypanothione [Nogoceke, E., Gommel, D. U., Kiess, M., Kalisz, H. M. & Flohé, L. E. (1997) Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 378, 827-836]. The kinetic analysis ...
Ukeda H - - 1997
XTT (3'-{1-[(phenylamino)-carbonyl]-3, 4-tetrazolium}bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzenesulfonic acid hydrate) was reduced to a water-soluble product with an absorbance maximum at about 470 nm by superoxide anion generated by xanthine-xanthine oxidase (XO). The rate of XTT reduction was linearly related to XO activity and the reduction was inhibited by superoxide dismutase (SOD). A perfect inhibition ...
Brown A - - 1997
A new class of compounds, the 2-oxo-3-alkynoic acids with a phenyl substituent at carbon 4 was reported by the authors as potent irreversible and mechanism-based inhibitors of the thiamin diphosphate- (ThDP-) dependent enzyme pyruvate decarboxylase [Chiu, C.-F., & Jordan, F. (1994) J. Org. Chem. 59, 5763-5766]. The method has been ...
Ahn M Y - - 1997
The aim of this project was to determine the cytotoxic components from the venom of king cobra, Ophiophagus hannah. Venom was purified by a combination of gel-filtration, ion-exchange and reversed-phase chromatographic steps. The biochemical properties of the cytotoxic component were consistent with those of L-amino acid oxidase. The molecular weight ...
Tsugeno Y - - 1997
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) oxidizes biologically important amines including neurotransmitters and plays a central role in the regulation of intracellular level of these amines. Two distinct forms of MAO (MAO A and MAO B) were defined based on differences in substrate and inhibitor specificities. We earlier reported that the region between ...
Satoh M - - 1997
Dimalonic acid C60 (10(-5) M), a new fullerene derivative, produced an augmentation of phenylephrine-induced tone and reduced both the acetylcholine-induced maximum relaxation and the amplitude of substance P (10(-8) M)-induced relaxation in endothelium-containing thoracic aorta of rabbit; the acetylcholine- and substance P-induced relaxation was restored in the presence of superoxide ...
Vanoni M A - - 1997
Limited proteolysis of D-amino acid oxidase holoenzyme with trypsin cleaves the protein at Arg 221 and near the C-terminus, producing stable 25, 13.4, and 2 kDa polypeptides [Torri-Tarelli, G., Vanoni, M. A., Negri, A., & Curti, B. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 21242-21246]. The 25 and 13.4 kDa polypeptides remain ...
Konno R - - 1997
Since there are conflict reports on the presence of D-amino-acid oxidase in the mouse liver, this problem was examined. D-Amino-acid oxidase activity was not detected in the homogenates of the mouse liver, lung, or heart, whereas it was detected in the homogenates of the mouse kidney and brain. Western blotting ...
Torii S - - 1997
Venom of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) induces apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, which could result in hemorrhage in tissues bitten by the snake. To identify the hemorrhagic factor, we purified a novel protein, apoxin I, from rattlesnake venom. Apoxin I induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >