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Results 251 - 300 of 811
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Domínguez R - - 2001
The construction and performance of bienzyme amperometric composite biosensors for the selective determination of l- or d-amino acids is reported. D- or L-Amino acid oxidase, horseradish peroxidase, and the mediator ferrocene were coimmobilized by simple physical inclusion into the bulk of a graphite-70% Teflon electrode matrix. Working conditions including amino ...
Caruso C - - 2001
A basic heme-peroxidase (WP1) was purified to homogeneity from wheat (Triticum aestivum) kernels. The protein was not glycosylated and exhibited a molecular mass of 36 kDa and a pI of 8.0. The N-terminal amino acid sequence revealed a very high similarity with a wheat flour peroxidase allergen associated with baker's ...
Akamatsu H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that in acne comedones the proportion of linoleic acid is markedly decreased, while palmitic acid is significantly increased. We previously reported that the decreased proportion of linoleic acid, which markedly suppresses neutrophil reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and phagocytosis, contribute to the worsening of acne ...
Audi S H - - 2001
Hydrogen peroxide generated by monoamine oxidase (MAO)-mediated deamination of biogenic amines has been implicated in cell signaling and oxidative injury. Because the pulmonary endothelium is a site of metabolism of monoamines present in the venous return, this brings into question a role for MAO in hyperoxic lung injury. The objective ...
Kong L D - - 2001
Fractionation of the xanthine oxidase inhibitory methanol extract of Conyza bonariensis afforded three glycosides, in addition to nine known compounds including amyrin, beta-sitostero1 daucosterol, syringic acid 3-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzoic acid, eugenol 4-O-glucopyranoside, and luteolin, apigenin and takakin 8-O-glucuronide. The structures of the glycosides were established by a combination of spectroscopic methods (IR, ...
Hofrichter M - - 2001
Purified manganese peroxidase (MnP) from the white-rot basidiomycete Phlebia radiata was found to convert in vitro milled pine wood (MPW) suspended in an aqueous reaction solution containing Tween 20, Mn(2+), Mn-chelating organic acid (malonate), and a hydrogen peroxide-generating system (glucose-glucose oxidase). The enzymatic attack resulted in the polymerization of lower-molecular-mass, ...
Terreni M - - 2001
The modulation of penicillin G acylase (PGA) properties via immobilization techniques has been performed studying the acylation of 7-aminocephalosporanic acid with R-mandelic acid methyl ester. PGA from Escherichia coli, immobilized onto agarose activated with glycidol (glyoxyl-agarose), has been used for the design of a novel one-pot synthesis of Cephamandole in ...
Crocker I P - - 2001
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is ameliorated during both obstructive jaundice and pregnancy. Previous studies of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function during pregnancy have shown reductions in the stimulated release of arachidonic acid (AA) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and lower NADPH oxidase activity. These changes may account for the amelioration of RA. The ...
Dsouza S F - - 2001
Purification and reversible immobilization of D-amino acid oxidase from Trigonopsis variabilis could be simultaneously accomplished by hydrophobic interaction on Phenyl Sepharose CL-4B in the presence of 50 mM pyrophosphate buffer (pH 8.5). The presence of a high salt concentration of 2 M, which is generally required for the hydrophobic interactions, ...
Jin P - - 2001
A micro glucose sensor consisting of an interdigitated array gold microelectrode was developed. The interdigitated array structure, which has 10 microns band width and 10 microns band gap, was fabricated in a small region (2.5 x 5 mm2) on a quartz substrate. Glucose oxidase was chemically fixed onto the electrode ...
Geyer A - - 2001
Ophidian L-amino-acid oxidase (L-amino-acid oxygen:oxidoreductase, deaminating, EC 1.4.3.2) is found in the venom of many poisonous snakes (crotalids, elapids and viperids). This FAD-dependent glycoprotein has been studied from several snake species (e.g. Crotalus adamanteus, Crotalus atrox and Calloselasma rhodostoma) in detail with regard to the biochemical and enzymatic properties. The ...
Mao L - - 2001
Fabrication and characterization of miniaturized amperometric hypoxanthine biosensors are described and demonstrated for monitoring hypoxanthine in myocardial cell culture media. The sensors are based on xanthine oxidase (XO) immobilized on carbon fiber microelectrodes (CFMEs) using a composite film of Nafion and electropolymerized phenol (PPh). Nafion was used for XO immobilization ...
Wang X - - 2001
The maize (Zea mays) Oh545o2 inbred accumulates an exceptionally high level of free amino acids, especially lysine (Lys), threonine (Thr), methionine, and iso-leucine. In a cross between Oh545o2 and Oh51Ao2, we identified several quantitative trait loci linked with this phenotype. One of these is on the long arm of chromosome ...
Cejková J - - 2001
The corneas of albino rabbits were irradiated (5 min exposure once a day) with UVB rays (312 nm) for 4 days (shorter procedure) or 8 days (longer procedure). The eyes were examined microbiologically and only the corneas of sterile eyes or eyes with non-pathogenic microbes were employed. Histochemically, the activities ...
Odabas A R - - 2001
Alkaptonuria is a rare, autosomally recessive, metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency in homogentisic acid oxidase. It results in accumulation and deposition of homogentisic acid in cartilage, eyelids, forehead, cheeks, axillae, genital regions, nail beds, buccal mucosa, larynx, tympanic eardrum, and the tendons. We report a 33-year-old woman who presented ...
Burdock G A - - 2001
Kojic acid is a fungal metabolite commonly produced by many species of Aspergillus, Acetobacter, and Penicillium. The Aspergillus flavus group has traditionally been used in the production of a number of foods, including miso (soybean paste), shoyu (soy sauce), and sake. Kojic acid is widely used as a food additive ...
Merritt F - - 2001
Using leaf epidermis from Vicia faba, we tested whether auxin-induced stomatal opening was initiated by auxin-induced ethylene synthesis. Epidermis was dark-incubated in buffered KNO3 containing 0.1 mM alpha-napthalene acetic acid or 1 mM indole-3-acetic acid. Maximum net opening was ca. 4 micron after 6 h. Opening was reversed by 20 ...
Kujan P - - 2001
The cultivation of the yeast Trigonopsis variabilis producing D-amino-acid oxidase (an enzyme participating in the transformation of cephalosporin C into 7-aminocephalosporanic acid for the production of beta-lactam antibiotics) was controlled by changes of dissolved oxygen tension and extended fermentation times. The production technology was optimized on a laboratory scale and ...
Forthoffer N - - 2001
Cytochrome P450-dependent enzymes from wheat catalyze the oxidation of endogenous compounds (lauric and oleic acids) and of several herbicides (diclofop, chlortoluron, bentazon). Treatment of wheat seedlings with the safener, naphthalic anhydride and with phenobarbital increases dramatically several P450-dependent enzyme activities including diclofop and lauric acid hydroxylation. The parallel induction of ...
Kolattukudy P E - - 2001
Polyesters occur in higher plants as the structural component of the cuticle that covers the aerial parts of plants. This insoluble polymer, called cutin, attached to the epidermal cell walls is composed of interesterified hydroxy and hydroxy epoxy fatty acids. The most common chief monomers are 10,16-dihydroxy C16 acid, 18-hydroxy-9,10 ...
Goosen T C - - 2001
Naturally occurring isothiocyanates, such as benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), are potent and selective inhibitors of carcinogenesis induced by a variety of chemical carcinogens. These effects appear to be mediated through favorable modification of both phase I and II enzymes involved in carcinogen metabolism. The inactivation of rat and human cytochromes P450 ...
Akse J R - - 2001
The development of a microgravity-compatible analyzer capable of quantifying organic acids in water is described. The analyzer employs "reagentless" solid phase acidification to convert organic acids to the volatile form followed by membrane separation and specific conductance detection to determine organic acids at concentrations between 0.005 and 40 mg/L. In ...
Minibayeva F V - - 2001
Extracellular peroxidase has been shown to contribute to superoxide production in wounded wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Ljuba) root cells. The superoxide-synthesizing system of root cells was considerably inhibited by KCN and NaN3 and activated by MnCl2 and H2O2. Treatment of roots with salicylic acid and a range of di- ...
Unyayar S - - 2001
The relationship between production of 3-indoleacetic acid (IAA) and peroxidase and laccase activity was investigated in white-rot fungus Funalia trogii (Trametes trogii). F. trogii produced IAA and peroxidase and laccase as both primary metabolite and secondary metabolite; the levels of IAA may be influenced by peroxidase and laccase. A correlation ...
Ali S A - - 2000
The enzyme L-amino acid oxidase (LAO) from the leaf-nosed viper (Eristocophis macmahoni) snake venom was purified to homogeneity in a single step using high performance liquid chromatography on a Nucleosil 7C18 reverse phase column. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme was 58734.0 Da, as determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization ...
Gabler M - - 2000
In order to screen for new microbial D-amino acid oxidase activities a selective and sensitive peroxidase/o-dianisidine assay, detecting the formation of hydrogen peroxide was developed. Catalase, which coexists with oxidases in the peroxisomes or the microsomes and, which competes with peroxidase for hydrogen peroxide, was completely inhibited by o-dianisidine up ...
Pilone M S - - 2000
The most recent research on D-amino acid oxidases and D-amino acid metabolism has revealed new, intriguing properties of the flavoenzyme and enlighted novel biotechnological uses of this catalyst. Concerning the in vivo function of the enzyme, new findings on the physiological role of D-amino acid oxidase point to a detoxifying ...
Konorev E A - - 2000
Doxorubicin, a broad-spectrum antitumor antibiotic, causes dose-dependent cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Although the exact molecular mechanisms of cardiotoxicity are not well established, oxidative mechanisms involving doxorubicin-induced superoxide anion production have been proposed. In this study, we show that bicarbonate, a physiologically relevant tissue component, greatly amplified doxorubicin-induced cardiomyocyte injury. Bicarbonate ...
Yang Y H - - 2000
LMC2 is the most abundant constitutively expressed hepatic cytochrome P450 found in sexually immature rainbow trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) and is also the isozyme that activates the carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). This P450 has been cloned, sequenced, and designated as CYP2K1. The present report describes the heterologous expression of enzymatically active ...
Ahn M Y - - 2000
The cytotoxicity of crude insect drugs was measured using HeLa cells originating from human cervix and uterine cancer, using the dye uptake assay in order to find potential anticancer agents. Three kinds of extracts (buffer, methanol and ethylacetate) were prepared from 26 insects and used as raw materials for the ...
Romagni J G - - 2000
The lichen secondary metabolite usnic acid exists as a (-) and a (+) enantiomer, indicating a alpha or beta projection of the methyl group at position 9b, respectively. (-)-Usnic caused a dose-dependent bleaching of the cotyledonary tissues associated with a decrease of both chlorophylls and carotenoids in treated plants whereas ...
Nishina Y - - 2000
We investigated the mechanism of recognition and activation of substrate by D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) by thermodynamical and spectrophotometric methods using zwitterionic ligands [N-methylisonicotinate (NMIN), trigonelline, and homarine] and monoanionic ligands as model compounds of the substrate and the product. In terms of the charge within the substrate D-amino acid, ...
Pei J - - 2000
An amperometric sensor for amino acids based on the immobilization of amino acid oxidase on the surface of a CuPtCl(6)/GC is described. The amperometric current is due to the oxidation of H2O2 liberated during the enzyme reaction on the surface of the enzyme electrode. The electrode response characteristics as well ...
Esteves A C - - 2000
Cadmium is known as to be a potent pulmonary carcinogen to human beings and to induce prostate tumor. The sequestration of cadmium, an extremely toxic element to living cells, which is performed by biological ligands such as amino acids, peptides, proteins or enzymes is important to minimize its participation in ...
Lin J K - - 2000
The inhibitory effects of five tea polyphenols, namely theaflavin (TF1), theaflavin-3-gallate (TF2), theaflavin-3,3'-digallate (TF3), (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), and gallic acid, and propyl gallate (PG) on xanthine oxidase (XO) were investigated. These six antioxidant compounds reduce oxidative stress. Theaflavins and EGCG inhibit XO to produce uric acid and also act as scanvengers ...
DeLeo F R - - 2000
The phagocyte NADPH-dependent oxidase generates superoxide by reducing molecular oxygen through a transmembrane heterodimer known as flavocytochrome b(558) (flavocytochrome b). We investigated the biosynthesis of flavocytochrome b subunits gp91(phox) and p22(phox) to elucidate features of flavocytochrome b processing in myeloid cells. Although the gp91(phox) precursor, gp65, was processed to gp91(phox) ...
Jones J M - - 2000
Computer-based approaches identified three distinct human 2-hydroxy acid oxidase genes, HAOX1, HAOX2, and HAOX3, that encode proteins with significant sequence similarity to plant glycolate oxidase, a prototypical 2-hydroxy acid oxidase. The products of these genes are targeted to peroxisomes and have 2-hydroxy acid oxidase activities. Each gene displays a distinct ...
Lapadatescu C - - 2000
Aryl metabolite biosynthesis was studied in the white rot fungus Bjerkandera adusta cultivated in a liquid medium supplemented with L-phenylalanine. Aromatic compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry following addition of labelled precursors ((14)C- and (13)C-labelled L-phenylalanine), which did not interfere with fungal metabolism. The major aromatic compounds identified were ...
Raibekas A A - - 2000
An "artificial flavinylation" approach was developed to replace a native noncovalent flavin prosthetic group with a covalently attached flavin analogue in recombinant human d-amino acid oxidase. The protein residue Gly-281 was replaced with Cys by site-directed mutagenesis, followed by reaction between mutated apoenzyme and the thiol-reactive flavin analogue, 8-methylsulfonyl FAD. ...
Stefan R I - - 2000
Two amperometric biosensors based on L- and D-amino acid oxidase, respectively, are proposed for the simultaneous detection of S- and R-captopril in a sequential injection analysis system (SIA). The linear concentration ranges are: 0.4-1.6 micromol/l (S-captopril) and 120-950 nmol/l (R-captopril) with detection limits of 0.2 and 15 nmol/l, respectively. The ...
Dodt G - - 2000
L-Pipecolic acid oxidase activity is deficient in patients with peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs). Because its role, if any, in these disorders is unknown, we cloned the associated human gene and expressed its protein product. The cDNA was cloned with the use of a reverse genetics approach based on the amino ...
Hover C G - - 2000
A simple and efficient method is described to remove hemoglobin (Hb) from human term placental cytosol to study dioxygenase and co-oxidase activities of lipoxygenase. In the untreated samples, 70%-80% of the linoleic acid-dependent dioxygenase and co-oxidase activities were found to be associated with the pseudo-lipoxygenase activity of Hb. Zinc sulfate ...
Varela E - - 2000
Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO) involved in lignin degradation by Pleurotus pulmonarius has been purified and characterized. The enzyme was produced in glucose-peptone medium and isolated in a sole chromatographic step using Sephacryl S-200. The purified enzyme is an extracellular glycoprotein with 14% N-carbohydrate content and an estimated molecular mass of 70.5 ...
Morimoto Y - - 2000
We have developed a new enzymatic assay for the determination of conjugated bilirubin (Bc) using stable liquid reagents. In this assay, only Bc is selectively oxidized by bilirubin oxidase at pH 5. 0 in the presence of nitrilotris (methylenephosphonic acid) trisodium salt, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium manganese (II) salt, and 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidine ...
Gac S - - 2000
With the aim of promoting the targeting of macrophage mannose receptors and the internalisation of the norfloxacin antibiotic, which is active against some intracellular bacteria, a macromolecular prodrug was synthesised where the antibiotic and mannosyl moieties were coupled to a polymeric carrier, namely poly(L-lysine citramide imide). This carrier, which derived ...
Dodt G - - 2000
L-Pipecolic acid oxidase activity is deficient in patients with peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs). Because its role, if any, in these disorders is unknown, the authors cloned the human gene to order to further study its functions. BLAST search of the translated sequence showed greatest homology to Bacillus sp. NS-129 monomeric ...
Garcia-Pascual A - - 2000
The effects of superoxide anion generators, the nitric oxide (NO) scavenger 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoine-1-oxyl 3-oxide (carboxy-PTIO), the specific guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazole-[4,3-a]-quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), and thiol modulating agents were investigated on relaxations induced by nitrergic stimulation and exogenous NO addition in the sheep urethra. Methylene blue (MB, 10 microM), pyrogallol (0.1 mM) and ...
Doussiere J - - 1999
The O(2)(-) generating NADPH oxidase complex of neutrophils comprises two sets of components, namely a membrane-bound heterodimeric flavocytochrome b which contains the redox centers of the oxidase and water-soluble proteins of cytosolic origin which act as activating factors of the flavocytochrome. The NADPH oxidase can be activated in a cell-free ...
Nagata Y - - 1999
The contents of D-enantiomers of serine, alanine, proline, glutamate (glutamine) and aspartate (asparagine) were examined in the membrane fractions, soluble proteins and free amino acids from some species of archaea, Pyrobaculum islandicum, Methanosarcina barkeri and Halobacterium salinarium. Around 2% (D/D+L) of D-aspartate was found in the membrane fractions. In the ...
Liu J Z - - 1999
The synthesis of glucose oxidase and catalase by Aspergillus niger was investigated using a resting cell culture system without growth being established. Calcium carbonate induced the synthesis of both enzymes and calcium chloride inhibited it. The optimal pH for the biosynthesis of glucose oxidase and catalase was 6.0 and 5.7, ...
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