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Results 201 - 250 of 811
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Stefan Raluca-Ioana - - 2003
In order to determine the enantiopurity of methotrexate (Mtx), seven biosensors were proposed for the assay of L-Mtx and three biosensors for the assay of D-Mtx. The biosensors were designed using physical and chemical immobilization of glutamate oxidase and/or L-amino acid oxidase (L-AAOD) and/or horseradish peroxidase (HRP) for the assay ...
Khang Yong-Ho - - 2003
In this study we constructed an artificial flavohemoprotein by fusing Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) with D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) of Rhodotorula gracilis to determine whether bacterial hemoglobin can be used as an oxygen donor to immobilized flavoenzyme. This chimeric enzyme significantly enhanced DAO activity and stability in the bioconversion process of ...
Ravi Shankaran D - - 2003
A new glucose biosensor has been fabricated by immobilizing glucose oxidase into a copper dispersed sol-gel derived ceramic-graphite composite. The copper in the biocomposite offers excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the reduction (at -0.2 V) as well as oxidation (at +0.45 V) of hydrogen peroxide liberated in the enzymatic reaction enabling ...
Schütz Anja - - 2003
Enterobacter cloacae, isolated from the rhizosphere of cucumbers, produces large amounts of indole-3-acetic acid. Indolepyruvate decarboxylase, the key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of indole-3-acetic acid, catalyses the formation of indole-3-acetaldehyde and carbon dioxide from indole-3-pyruvic acid. The enzyme requires the cofactors thiamine diphosphate and magnesium ions for catalytic activity. ...
Fleet Christine M - - 2003
The plant growth hormone gibberellin (GA) is important for many aspects of plant growth and development. Although most genes encoding enzymes at each step of the GA biosynthetic pathway have been cloned, their regulation is less well understood. To assess how up-regulation of early steps affects the biosynthetic pathway overall, ...
Considine Michael J - - 2003
The ability of plant mitochondrial uncoupling proteins to catalyze a significant proton conductance in situ is controversial. We have re-examined conditions that lead to uncoupling of mitochondria isolated from the tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Specifically, we have investigated the effect of superoxide. In the absence of superoxide, linoleic acid ...
Yang Changqing - - 2003
Changes in several biomarkers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) during an early stage of lung injury induced with oleic acid were examined in guinea pigs. In addition, a possible contribution of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and xanthine oxidase to the oxidative changes in the lung injury was ...
Huang Wen-Chin - - 2003
An invertase cDNA (Ibbetafruct1) was cloned from sweet potato leaves and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Ibbetafruct1-encoded protein was closely related to vacuolar invertases and included the WECVD catalytic domain characteristic of them. An expression plasmid containing the coding region of Ibbetafruct1 under the control of the ...
Malherbe D F - - 2003
There is a growing consumer demand for wines containing lower levels of alcohol and chemical preservatives. The objectives of this study were to express the Aspergillus niger gene encoding a glucose oxidase (GOX; beta- d-glucose:oxygen oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.3.4) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and to evaluate the transformants for lower alcohol production ...
Goto Koichi - - 2003
Specific acid catalysis of p-sulfonatocalix[n]arenes (n = 4, Calix-S4; n = 6, Calix-S6; n = 8, Calix-S8) was observed in the alcoholysis of N-acetyl-l-amino acids in methanol. The methanolysis rates of basic amino acid substrates (His, Lys, and Arg) were markedly enhanced in the presence of Calix-Sn, as compared with ...
Becka Stanislav - - 2003
Trigonopsis variabilis CBS 4095 was treated with alkali (pH 11, 30 min), heated (65 degrees C, 60 s) and immobilized. Glutaraldehyde, polyethyleneimine and a cross-linking reagent formed by reaction of polyethyleneimine with glutaraldehyde were used for stabilization of D-amino acid oxidase in the cells, as well as for aggregation and ...
O'Brien Anne Marie - - 2003
Phthalic anhydride (PA) modification stabilizes horseradish peroxidase (HRP) by reversal of the positive charge on two of HRP's six lysine residues. Native and PA-HRP had half-inactivation temperatures of 51 and 65 degrees C and half-lives at 65 degrees C of 4 and 17 min, respectively. PA-HRP was more resistant to ...
Petersen Maike - - 2003
Cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (EC 1.14.13.11), a cytochrome P450-dependent hydroxylase was for the first time characterized from a hornwort, Anthoceros agrestis Paton (Anthocerotaceae). In suspension cultures of A. agrestis up to 5% of the dry weight was accumulated as rosmarinic acid, a natural product commonly known from higher plants (e.g. species ...
Aziz Aziz - - 2003
The relationships between free polyamines (PAs), sugar and amino acid status were investigated in cuttings from two cultivars of Vitis vinifera L., Pinot noir (PN), a low abscising cultivar and Merlot (MRT), a high abscising one. In both cultivars free PAs decreased in inflorescences, but more drastically in MRT plants. ...
Elçio─člu N H - - 2003
Alkaptonuria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of inborn errors of metabolism. It is characterised by the deposition of "ochronotic pigment" especially in connective tissue as a result of deficieny of the "homogentisic acid oxidase" enzyme which has a role in the catabolism of tyrosine and phenylalanine. A compound heterozygote ...
Brahim Sean - - 2002
Two classes of polymers that are currently receiving widespread attention in biosensor development are hydrogels and conducting electroactive polymers. The present study reports on the integration of these two materials to produce electroactive hydrogel composites that physically entrap enzymes within their matrices for biosensor construction and chemically stimulated controlled release. ...
Tan Cheng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aloin, cinnamic acid and 15 other kinds of natural chemicals on the activity of tyrosinase, in order to provide lightening agents in the treatment of hyperpigmentation disorders and cosmetic additives. METHODS: Tyrosinase activity was estimated by measuring the oxidation rate of L-dopa. Inhibition of ...
Ehara Tatsuya - - 2002
Achacin is an antibacterial glycoprotein purified from the mucus of the giant snail, Achatina fulica Férussac, as a humoral defense factor. We showed that achacin has L-amino acid oxidase activity and can generate cytotoxic H(2)O(2); however, the concentration of H(2)O(2) was not sufficient to kill bacteria. The antibacterial activity of ...
Herold Susanna - - 2002
We have analyzed in detail hemoglobin (Hb) and myoglobin (Mb) after treatment of different forms of these proteins with variable amounts of peroxynitrite. HPLC analyses of the peroxynitrite-treated proteins subjected either to acid hydrolysis or Pronase digestion showed that only very low quantities of 3-nitrotyrosine are formed when equivalent amounts ...
Li Shijun - - 2002
The hemopoietic-specific Rho family GTPase Rac2 shares 92% amino acid identity with ubiquitously expressed Rac1. Neutrophils from rac2(-/-) mice have multiple defects, including chemoattractant-stimulated NADPH oxidase activity and chemotaxis, which may result from an overall reduction in cellular Rac or mechanisms that discriminate Rac1 and Rac2. We show that murine ...
Sasamura Taizo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the assay for determining D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) activity in tumour cells, rat liver and rat kidney for studying the effects of D-amino acid-containing solution on cancer patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this method the amount of ammonia produced by the DAAO activity after removal of endogenous ...
Wakabayashi Ko - - 2002
At present the use-rate of modern herbicides is in the range of 100-300 g AI ha-1, with a tendency to decline. The low use-rate (ca 10 g AI ha-1) of the original sulfonylurea and cyclic imide herbicides prompted agrochemical scientists to look for even more active compounds which led to ...
Lukasheva E V - - 2002
This review summarizes data on the properties of L-lysine alpha-oxidase, an enzyme that belongs to the group of oxidases of L-amino acids. This enzyme acts virtually only on L-lysine with a rather low Km yielding alpha-keto-epsilon-aminocaproic acid. The decrease in the level of the essential amino acid L-lysine and the ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2002
An efficient synthesis of tag introducible (3-trifluoromethyl)phenyldiazirine based phenylalanine derivatives is described. Alkylation of a chiral glycine equivalent with a spacer containing (3-trifluoromethyl)phenyldiazirinyl bromides enables us to create photoreactive L-phenylalanine derivatives. After introduction of biotin at the spacer, the biotinylated and photoreactive amino acid was applied for L-amino acid oxidase ...
Takeda Hiroshi - - 2002
We previously showed that rosmarinic acid from the leaves of Perilla frutescens Britton var. acuta Kudo (Perillae Herba) has antidepressive-like activity. The aim of the present study was to examine (i) whether caffeic acid, a major metabolite of rosmarinic acid, also has antidepressive-like activity, and (ii) whether these substances inhibit ...
Gasowska Beata - - 2002
Amino-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)methyl phosphonic acid, the phosphonic analog of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycine, had been previously reported as a potent inhibitor of tyrosinase. The mechanism of the apparent enzyme inhibition by this compound has now been established. Amino-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)methyl phosphonic acid turned out to be a substrate and was oxidized to o-quinone, which evolved to a ...
Fiumara A - - 2002
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC - E.C. 4.1.1.28) converts L-dopa to dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptophan to serotonin. Inherited deficiency of this enzyme leads to decreased brain levels of these neurotransmitters. Clinically this results in the development of a progressive neurometabolic disorder characterized by severe hypotonia, dystonic and choreoathetoid movements, oculogyric crises, ...
Lee H F - - 2002
Isolated sulphite oxidase deficiency (ISOD) is a very rare hereditary metabolic disorder. Imaging findings of the neonatal form of ISOD, including multicystic leukoencephalopathy with brain atrophy, resemble those of severe ischemic changes of the brain. We report the case of a ten-month-old boy who exhibited neonatal seizures on the 24th ...
Téllez-Valencia Alfredo - - 2002
We searched for molecules that selectively inactivate homodimeric triosephosphate isomerase from Trypanosoma cruzi (TcTIM), the parasite that causes Chagas' disease. We found that some benzothiazoles inactivate the enzyme. The most potent were 3-(2-benzothiazolylthio)-propanesulfonic acid, 2-(p-aminophenyl)-6-methylbenzothiazole-7-sulfonic acid, and 2-(2-4(4-aminophenyl)benzothiazole-6-methylbenzothiazole-7-sulfonic acid. Half-maximal inactivation by these compounds was attained with 33, 56, and ...
Chakrabarti Nandini - - 2002
Efficiency of pretreatment as foliar spray of indole-3-acetic acid, gibberellic acid and kinetin (6-furfuryl aminopurine) each ranging from 10(-7) to 10(-5) M in restoring the metabolic alterations imposed by NaCl salinity (E.C. value 4.0 m mhos/cm) was investigated in Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek. Application of NaCl resulted in about 7% ...
Chen Rui - - 2002
A xanthine oxidase hydroxyl radical (.OH)-generating system was created for sustained in vitro production of *OH. This assay was coupled with microdialysis sampling to elucidate the factors that influence microdialysis calibration during radical trapping. A *OH trapping agent, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, was included either in the microdialysis perfusion fluid or in ...
Nohara Y - - 2002
Inhibition of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) activity by various uremic retention products and guanidino compounds was investigated. Creatinine (CTN) was found to inhibit DAO at a similar concentration in the sera of uremic patients. The inhibition was competitive and the K(i) value was 2.7 mM. Moreover, CTN was shown to ...
Amar David - - 2002
Long-chain hydroxy acid oxydase (HAO) is a member of a flavoenzyme family with significant amino acid sequence similarity and strongly conserved three-dimensional structure; in particular, active-site amino acids involved in catalysis are invariant, with one exception, and numerous enzymatic studies suggest an identical chemical mechanism involving an intermediate carbanion for ...
Du Xiao-Yan - - 2002
L-amino acid oxidases are widely found in snake venoms and are thought to contribute to the toxicity upon envenomation. The mechanism of these toxic effects and whether they result from the enzymatic activity are still uncertain although many papers describing the biological and pharmacological effects of L-amino acid oxidases have ...
Sakaue Ryoichi - - 2002
The gene encoding the fructosyl-amino acid oxidase (fructosyl-alpha-L-amino acid: oxygen oxidoreductase (defructosylating); EC 1.5.3) of Corynebacterium sp. 2-4-1 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The gene consists of 1,116 nucleotides and encodes a protein of 372 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 39,042. The open reading frame ...
Vianello Fabio - - 2002
An assay to estimate the amount of glucose oxidase immobilised as a monolayer onto a flat surface is reported. This method is based on the electrochemical detection of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor released by the immobilised enzyme in acid solutions. FAD concentration in the acid solution was measured ...
Evtushenko Lyudmila I - - 2002
Okibacterium fritillariae gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain VKM Ac-2059T = IFO 16404T) is proposed for aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, coryneform bacteria isolated from seeds of Fritillaria ruthenica Wikstr. and Clematis recta L. Strains of the new genus form a distinct branch within the phylogenetic cluster composed of members of ...
Zhao Zongbao - - 2002
1-Amino-2-methylenecyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (2-methylene-ACC) is an irreversible inhibitor for a bacterial enzyme, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase, which catalyzes the conversion of ACC to alpha-ketobutyrate and ammonia. The inactivation has been proposed to proceed with the ring scission induced by an addition of an enzyme nucleophile, resulting in the formation of a reactive ...
Zhang Felicia X - - 2002
This paper reports findings of an investigation of the unusual colorimetric change of gold nanoparticles in the presence of thiol-containing amino acids such as homocysteine, cysteine and glutathione. The colorimetric change for homocysteine exhibits a rate that is about two orders of magnitude higher than that for cysteine, and at ...
Pettit Andrew I - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To confirm increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in hypertension, to demonstrate the source of ROS and to analyse NADPH oxidase subcomponent expression in hypertension. DESIGN: A lymphoblast model was used, as this has previously been used in the study of hypertension and of NADPH oxidase. Chemiluminescence (CL) ...
Phan T-N - - 2002
Oxygen metabolism (respiration) of Streptococcus mutans GS-5 involving NADH oxidases, mainly of the H(2)O-producing type, was found to be acid sensitive, as was NADH oxidase activity of cell extracts. Respiration of intact cells in acidified media was also highly sensitive to fluoride, with a 50% inhibitory concentration of about 0.02 ...
Gowda Lalitha R - - 2002
This paper reports a study on the hydroxylation of ferulic acid and tyrosine by field bean (Dolichos lablab) polyphenol oxidase, a reaction that does not take place without the addition of catechol. A lag period similar to the characteristic lag of tyrosinase activity was observed, the length of which decreased ...
Zayats Maya - - 2002
A new methodology for the surface-reconstitution of apo-flavoenzymes on a relay unit (pyrroloquinoline quinone, PQQ) functionalized with a boronic acid ligand as a linker to native FAD was developed. The reconstitution of apo-glucose oxidase (apo-GOx) on the PQQ-FAD monolayer yields an electrically contacted enzyme-electrode.
Qudsieh Hanan Yassin M - - 2002
A study was conducted to determine the effect of sugarcane maturation on the contents of chlorophyll, tannin, and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and on color change of sugarcane juice. The maturation period of the cane studied was between 3 and 10 months after planting. Different parts of the cane, namely, ...
Rea Giuseppina - - 2002
Wounding chickpea (Cicer arietinum) internodes or cotyledons resulted in an increase in the steady-state level of copper amine oxidase (CuAO) expression both locally and systemically. Dissection of the molecular mechanisms controlling CuAO expression indicated that jasmonic acid worked as a potent inducer of the basal and wound-inducible CuAO expression, whereas ...
Klintborg Alla - - 2002
Ethylene evolution, concentrations of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) and ACC conjugates, activities of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase, and cambial growth as measured by tracheid production were monitored from November to July in 1-year-old shoots, and between July and September in current-year shoots, of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Needles, buds ...
Tsiafoulis Constantinos G - - 2002
The first enzyme-based biosensors capable of determining glycolic acid in various complex matrixes, such as cosmetics, instant coffee, and urine, are presented in this paper. Two separate designs, both based on a three-membrane configuration consisting of an inner cellulose acetate membrane (CA) and an outer polycarbonate membrane (PC), which sandwich ...
Barceloux Donald G - - 2002
Almost all cases of acute methanol toxicity result from ingestion, though rarely cases of poisoning have followed inhalation or dermal absorption. The absorption of methanol following oral administration is rapid and peak methanol concentrations occur within 30-60minutes. Methanol has a relatively low toxicity and metabolism is responsible for the transformation ...
Job Viviana - - 2002
Glycine oxidase (GO) is a homotetrameric flavoenzyme that contains one molecule of non-covalently bound flavin adenine dinucleotide per 47 kDa protein monomer. GO is active on various amines (sarcosine, N-ethylglycine, glycine) and d-amino acids (d-alanine, d-proline). The products of GO reaction with various substrates have been determined, and it has ...
Klug S - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the relative impact of ethylene glycol, a major industrial chemical, and its individual metabolites on the embryonic development of rats. Rat whole embryos were exposed for 48 h (day 9.5-11.5 of gestation) to ethylene glycol (EG) and its metabolites glycolaldehyde ...
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