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Results 451 - 500 of 811
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Akimoto M - - 1992
Metabolism of glucose and L-amino acids in an obligately aerobic marine bacterium isolated from Pacific mackerel intestines was investigated for the mechanism and pathway of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) biosynthesis. This bacterium could not uptake glucose but the cell-free extract of this bacterium had the enzymatic activities of L-alanine oxidase (EC ...
Tomisawa H - - 1992
Two enzymes catalysing the oxidative formation of 3-mercaptopyruvic acid S-conjugates from L-3-mercaptolactic acid S-conjugates were purified to apparent homogeneity from rat liver cytosol. The two enzymes, tentatively designated MLO-I and MLO-II, showed a molecular mass of 160 and 250 kDa and were composed of four and six subunits of 41 ...
Nagata Y - - 1992
The physiological role of D-amino acid oxidase (EC 1. 4. 3. 3) in mouse brain is described. The presence of D-enantiomers of neutral common amino acids was surveyed in the brain. D-serine was shown to be present at high concentration only in regions where the enzyme activity was low. In ...
Hanson R L - - 1992
Biotransformations were developed to oxidize N epsilon-carbobenzoxy(CBZ)-L-lysine and to reduce the product keto acid to L-CBZ-oxylysine. Lysyl oxidase (L-lysine: O2 oxidoreductase, EC 1.4.3.14) from Trichoderma viride was relatively specific for L-lysine and had very low activity with N epsilon-substituted derivatives. L-Amino acid oxidase (L-amino acid: O2 oxidoreductase [deaminating], EC 1.4.3.2) ...
Radi R - - 1992
The inhibition of xanthine oxidase by its reaction product, uric acid, was studied by steady state kinetic analysis. Uric acid behaved as an uncompetitive inhibitor of xanthine oxidase with respect to the reducing substrate, xanthine. Under 50 microM xanthine and 210 microM oxygen, the apparent K(i) for uric acid was ...
Rao V V - - 1992
A direct assay method is described for L-pipecolate oxidase. The assay uses NaHSO3 to trap the L-alpha-amino [3H]adipate delta-semialdehyde (AAS) formed as a direct reaction product of L-pipecolate oxidase from L-[3H]pipecolic acid. The adduct so formed was separated from the substrate on Dowex 50 (H+) column. The product was identified ...
Dirven H A - - 1992
In order to investigate a proposed relationship between induction of hepatic microsomal lauric acid hydroxylase activity and peroxisome proliferation in the liver, male Wistar rats were treated with peroxisome proliferating compounds, and the lauric acid hydroxylase activity, the immunochemical detectable levels of cytochrome P450 4A1 and the activities of peroxisomal ...
Boddupalli S S - - 1992
Cytochrome P-450BM-3 is a catalytically self-sufficient fatty acid omega-hydroxylase with two domains. Functional and primary structure analyses of the hemo- and flavoprotein domains of cytochrome P-450BM-3 and the corresponding microsomal cytochrome P-450 system have shown that these proteins are highly homologous. Prior attempts to reconstitute the fatty acid hydroxylation function ...
Morré D J - - 1992
Plasma membranes were isolated by aqueous two-phase partition from normal human keratinocytes (HKc) and from human keratinocytes immortalized with human papillomavirus type 16 DNA (HKc/HPV16). The NADH oxidase of plasma membrane vesicles of normal HKc was stimulated by epidermal growth factor whereas that of HKc/HPV16 was not. The NADH oxidase ...
Pollegioni L - - 1992
A protocol is presented for preparing Rhodotorula gracilis D-amino acid oxidase in homogeneous form and in high yield in 3 to 4 days. The method takes advantage of (a) cell rupture by alternate freeze-thawing, (b) use of DEAE-Sepharose to bind contaminants, and (c) enzyme binding to a Mono S column. ...
Upadhyaya I - - 1992
Circulating levels of T3, T4, gamma-amino-butyric acid, glutamate, 5-hydroxytryptamine, histamine, monoamine oxidase and histaminase were studied in 45 (25M, 20F) hyperthyroid patients and 46 (25M, 21F) normal healthy volunteers. Increased levels of blood 5-hydroxytryptamine, histamine and glutamic acid were observed along with elevated T3 and T4, whereas plasma gamma-aminobutyric acid, ...
Pollegioni L - - 1992
D-Amino acid oxidase purified from the yeast Rhodotorula gracilis is a flavoenzyme which does not require exogenous FAD for maximum activity. The enzyme showed temperature and pH activity optima centred between 40 and 45 degrees C and between 8.0 and 8.5, respectively; a broad pH and ionic strength range of ...
Mayeno A N - - 1992
Unstained human eosinophils exhibit marked autofluorescence in comparison to other leukocytes due to a granule-associated fluorescent substance. Fluorescence spectroscopy of granule extracts reveals excitation maxima at approximately 380 and approximately 450 nm with a single emission at approximately 520, characteristic of flavins. The fluorescent material from eosinophil granule extracts was ...
Strolin Benedetti M - - 1992
1. It has previously been established that monoamine oxidase (MAO)-B participates in the metabolism of milacemide [2-(pentylamino)acetamide]. Furthermore, in rats, inhibition of FAD-dependent polyamine oxidase (PAO) was found to decrease the urinary excretion of two milacemide metabolites, termed UK1 and UK2. 2. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, UK1 was identified as ...
Weber G F - - 1992
The influence of folic acid and several antagonists of the folic acid metabolism on neutrophil superoxide generation was investigated with the cytochrome c reduction assay. The compounds were found to be partial competitive inhibitors of the NADPH oxidase, their activity apparently increasing with larger substituents at the 10 position. There ...
Li Z Y - - 1991
p-Hydroxymercuribenzoic acid modification of cytochrome c oxidase converts the CuA center into a type 2 copper site while heat treatment of the oxidase in lauryl maltoside can transform CuA almost stoichiometrically (greater than 90%) to a blue type 1 copper site. These modifications of the protein have previously been shown ...
Diêp Lê K H - - 1991
The complete amino acid sequence of rat kidney long chain alpha-hydroxy acid oxidase has been determined by microsequencing, using a number of standard enzymatic and chemical cleavages. Peptides were purified by high pressure liquid chromatography or by gel electrophoresis followed by electrotransfer. The sequence comprises 352 residues and ends with ...
Carlson D M - - 1991
Alkaptonuria is an extremely rare, autosomal recessive disorder in which the metabolic enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase is deficient. A common sequelae is the subsequent accumulation of homogentisic acid in collagenous tissues, such as the sclera, nose and ear lobes. The blue-black pigmentation found in patients with alkaptonuria is called ochronosis. ...
Kinoshita A - - 1991
Human heart chymase, a chymotrypsin-like serine proteinase that hydrolyzes the Phe8-His9 bond in angiotensin I (Ang I) to yield the octapeptide hormone angiotensin II (Ang II) and His-Leu, is the most specific, efficient Ang II-forming enzyme described. Other mammalian chymases display a much broader substrate specificity. To better define its ...
Candy T E - - 1991
Tyrosine markedly attenuates the chemiluminescence output intensity from the 4-iodophenol enhanced chemiluminescence assay system in a manner consistent with competition between the amino acid and luminol for the 4-iodophenoxy radical. This effect provides the basis for a sensitive assay of tyrosine. Interference by the other amino acids has been assessed; ...
Grace M S - - 1991
Deacetylation is a rapid clearance mechanism for ocular melatonin. We have studied the distribution of retinal melatonin deacetylase activity among vertebrate classes. Exogenous radiolabeled melatonin is metabolized by ocular tissue prepared from the amphibian Xenopus laevis, the reptile Anolis carolinensis, the teleost fish Carassius auratus, and the bird Gallus domesticus. ...
Nagata Y - - 1991
D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) activity was not altered in the liver and kidney by oral administration of D-alanine to adult mice. The enzyme was apparently not induced by the enteric microflora either, since the enzyme activity in the liver and kidney of germ-free mice was not different from that of ...
Suzuki H - - 1991
Resonance Raman (RR) spectra of purple intermediates of L-phenylalanine oxidase (PAO) with non-labeled and isotopically labeled phenylalanines as substrates, i.e., [1-13C], [2-13C], [ring-U-13C6], and [15N]phenylalanines, were measured with excitation at 632.8 nm within the broad absorption band around 540 nm. The spectra obtained resemble those of purple intermediates of D-amino ...
Sato E - - 1991
The fluorescence of 9,10-dioxa-syn-3,4,6,7-tetramethylbimane (bimane) was found to be quenched in the presence of nitrated aromatic amino acid. Bimane peptides containing nitrated amino acid (1a, b) were shown to be useful fluorogenic substrates for the assay of angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) from rabbit lung, similar to bimane substrate containing ...
Moochhala S M - - 1991
It has been suggested that the loss of cytochrome P-450, which is mediated by interferon and its inducers, can result from the generation of free radical species by the enzyme xanthine oxidase. Cytochrome P-450, aminopyrine N-demethylase, and ethoxyresorufin deethylase were depressed by 35, 36, 38%, respectively, in the livers of ...
Biondi P A PA Institute of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, Milan, - - 1991
A new procedure for the assay of D-amino acid oxidase activity has been developed. alpha-Ketoisovaleric acid, derived from D-valine, was estimated by high-performance liquid chromatography after reaction with o-phenylenediamine to give the corresponding quinoxalinol derivative. alpha-Ketovaleric acid was used as an internal standard to ensure the reproducibility of the method. ...
Yamanaka T - - 1991
The amino acid sequences of Thiobacillus novellus and Nitrobacter winogradskyi cytochromes c have been compared with those of cytochromes c from several other organisms. The two bacterial cytochromes resemble eukaryotic cytochromes c; 49 amino-acid residues are identical between T. novellus and horse cytochromes c, and 50 residues identical between N. ...
Lin L S - - 1991
The expression of ascorbic acid oxidase was studied in zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo L.), one of the most abundant natural sources of the enzyme. In the developing fruit, specific activity of ascorbic acid oxidase was highest between 4 and 6 days after anthesis. Protein and mRNA levels followed the same ...
Casalin P - - 1991
The apoenzyme of D-amino acid oxidase from Rhodotorula gracilis was obtained at pH 7.5 by dialyzing the holoenzyme against 2 M KBr in 0.25 M potassium phosphate, 0.3 mM EDTA, 5 mM 2-mercaptoethanol and 20% glycerol. To recover a reconstitutable and highly stable apoprotein, it is essential that phosphate ions ...
Niedermann D M - - 1991
L-Amino acid oxidase was purified from liquid cultures of Neurospora crassa induced by L-phenylalanine, D-phenylalanine, ATP and cycloheximide. Although the four enzyme species isolated were found to differ in size and electrophoretic mobility, they were the product of a single gene as demonstrated by genomic Southern analysis. Northern analysis of ...
Pollegioni L - - 1991
Polyclonal antibodies were prepared from rabbit sera after immunization with holo- and apo-D-amino acid oxidase purified from R. gracilis. Both anti-holo- and anti-apoenzyme IgG fractions (as well as affinity-purified IgG) were highly specific: in blot-transfer analyses after SDS-PAGE only a 39 kDa band, corresponding to enzyme monomer, was recognized even ...
La Du B N BN - - 1991
The rare hereditary metabolic disorder alcaptonuria is characterized by the inability to metabolize homogentisic acid, an intermediary compound in the catabolism of the aromatic amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. The essentially complete deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase causes a striking accumulation of homogentisic acid and a derived melanin-like pigment in ...
Joseph M H - - 1991
In vivo voltammetry at chronically implanted carbon paste electrodes in unrestrained rats is a particularly useful technique for evaluating neurochemical changes during spontaneous behaviour, or behaviour under experimental control. A 3 peak signal is observed in the striatum; most recently the consensus view has attributed these peaks to ascorbic acid ...
Vijayanathan L - - 1991
Effect of diethyl carbamazine (DEC) on the levels of neurotransmitter amino acids and on the activities of related enzymes of S. digitata have been studied. When the worms were incubated in DEC, substances known to have neurotransmitter effect were found increased except glycine. Among the amines the level of serotonin, ...
Youdim M B - - 1991
Identification, cellular localization, and cDNA cloning of MAO subtypes A and B have increased the insight into the pharmacology of these enzymes, whose primary functions are intra- and extraneuronal inactivation of neurotransmitter (dopamine, noradrenaline and serotonin) and other biogenic amines. In addition, MAO oxidizes the inert uncharacteristic tertiary amine, MPTP, ...
Aleo M D - - 1991
The acute nephrotoxicity caused by N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl) succinimide (NDPS) has been shown to be due to a metabolite(s) of the parent compound. This study examined the toxicity of NDPS, its known metabolites N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-2-hydroxysuccinimide (NDHS), N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-2-hydroxysuccinamic acid (NDHSA), N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)malonamic acid (DMA), N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)succinamic acid (NDPSA), and two postulated metabolites N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)maleamic acid (NDPMA) and ...
Tanaka M - - 1991
p-Coumaroyl-D-glucose hydroxylase in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) has been purified to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity using a combination of anion-and cation-exchange, hydrophobic and gel filtration chromatography. The purified enzyme was a monomer with a molecular weight of 33,000 and pI of 8.3. The purified enzyme showed not only hydroxylase activity ...
Akamatsu H - - 1991
It has been shown that acne, hyperpigmentation and lentigo malignant are more or less related pathogenetically to reactive oxygen species (ROS). It has recently been reported that azelaic acid is effective in treating these conditions and that it possesses anti-enzymatic and antimitochondrial activity, including cytochrome-P450 reductase and 5 alpha-reductase in ...
Kühn H - - 1991
The inactivation of soybean lipoxygenase-1 and of rabbit reticulocyte lipoxygenase by five selected acetylenic fatty acids was studied. In all cases the inactivation was time-consuming and depended on the concentration of the inactivator. The inactivation kinetics was measured and the data were fitted to a kinetic model based on the ...
Bartlett P N - - 1991
Glucose oxidase modified by the covalent attachment of ferrocenecarboxylic acid or ferrocene-acetic acid groups undergoes direct oxidation at metal electrodes. Studies of the comparative stability of the two modified enzymes on storage and on electrochemical cycling show that the material modified with ferroceneacetic acid is the more stable. Amperometric studies ...
Tan N H - - 1991
1. Substrate specificity of purified king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) venom L-amino acid oxidase was investigated. 2. The enzyme was highly specific for the L-enantiomer of amino acid. Effective oxidation of L-amino acid by the enzyme requires the presence of a free primary alpha-amino group but the alpha-carboxylate group is not ...
Passi S - - 1991
Azelaic acid is an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid (HOOC-(CH2)7-COOH) which has recently been shown to have some practical therapeutic applications in skin diseases of different etiologies. It possesses diverse biological activities and its mechanisms of action are still under investigation. Azelaic acid, as disodium salt (C(9)2Na), at concentrations from 0.05 mM ...
Usuda N - - 1991
We report the presence of a new subcompartment in rat liver peroxisomal matrix in which only D-amino acid oxidase is localized and other matrix enzymes are absent. By electron microscopic observation, the rat liver peroxisome has generally been considered to consist of a single limiting membrane, an electron-dense crystalline core, ...
Yu P H - - 1991
1. 2-Propyl-1-aminopentane and 2-[(2-propyl)pentylamino]acetamide are deaminated by rat liver monoamine oxidase (MAO) and aorta semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO). 2. The deaminated product, 2-propylpentaldehyde, is further converted to valproic acid in vitro as well as in vivo. 3. The anticonvulsant action of these two compounds could not be substantiated, because both ...
Tan N H - - 1991
1. The hemorrhagic, procoagulant, anticoagulant, phosphodiesterase, alkaline phosphomonoesterase, 5'-nucleotidase, hyaluronidase, arginine ester hydrolase, phospholipase A, L-amino acid oxidase and protease activities of 26 samples of venoms from 13 species of Bothrops were determined, and the Sephadex G-75 gel filtration patterns for some of the venoms also examined. 2. The results ...
Gossrau R - - 1991
Light microscopical procedures were optimized and tested for specificity for the histochemical demonstration of D-amino acid oxidase, alpha-hydroxy acid oxidase, monoamine oxidase, and xanthine oxidase using cerium ions and a visualization step originally described by Angermüller and Fahimi (1988a, b), and modified for D-amino acid oxidase by Gossrau et al. ...
Brachet P - - 1990
Various fatty acids were studied in vitro as inhibitors of pure hog kidney D-amino acid oxidase by means of a spectrophotometric peroxidase-coupling method using D-methionine as a substrate. All the fatty acids tested behaved as substrate-competitive inhibitors of the enzyme. The affinity of the saturated aliphatic acids for D-amino acid ...
Chiba T - - 1990
Two cytosolic proteins, p47-phox and p67-phox, have been shown to be essential components of the NADPH-dependent oxidase of human neutrophils, although the specific role of each of these proteins in the multicomponent electron transport complex is undetermined. The superoxide-generating activity of this oxidase can be reproduced in a cell-free system, ...
Niedermann D M - - 1990
The addition of D-phenylalanine to starved cultures of Neurospora crassa leads to de novo synthesis of L-amino-acid oxidase. Poly(A) RNA from D-phenylalanine-treated mycelium was therefore used to generate a cDNA library which was subsequently screened by hybrid-selected translation. A positive L-amino-acid oxidase clone served as a probe to isolate the ...
Beffa R - - 1990
Soluble auxin-oxidases were extracted from Zea mays L. cv LG11 apical root segments and partially separated from peroxidases (EC 1.11.1.7) by size-exclusion chromatography. Auxin-oxidases were resolved into one main peak corresponding to a molecular mass of 32.5 kilodaltons and a minor peak at 54.5 kilodaltons. Peroxidases were separated into at ...
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