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Oliver Michael F - - 2010
During the onset of an acute coronary syndrome, an immediate increase in plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations presents the ischaemic underperfused myocardium with a metabolic challenge to its survival. For the maintenance of contraction and to counter ventricular arrhythmias, parenteral treatment to reduce FFA availability should be available for ...
de Silva Punyanganie S A - - 2010
Dietary arachidonic acid, an n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-6 PUFA), might be involved in the etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC). We performed a prospective cohort study to determine whether high levels of arachidonic acid in adipose tissue samples (which reflects dietary intake) are associated with UC. We analyzed data collected ...
McQuaid Siobhán E - - 2011
Lipotoxicity and ectopic fat deposition reduce insulin signaling. It is not clear whether excess fat deposition in nonadipose tissue arises from excessive fatty acid delivery from adipose tissue or from impaired adipose tissue storage of ingested fat. To investigate this we used a whole-body integrative physiological approach with multiple and ...
Yoshimura Ken - - 2010
We focus our attention here on semisquaric acid, which is known to show high acidity, as a new proton dissociating group for proton exchange membranes (PEMs). The introduction of a squaric acid group into aromatic polymers was conducted by the reaction of lithiated aromatic polymers and diisopropoxy squarate, followed by ...
Willemarck Nicolas - - 2010
Aberrant activation of fatty acid synthesis is a key feature of many advanced human cancers. Unlike in classical lipogenic tissues, this process has been implicated in membrane production required for rapid cell proliferation. Here, to gain further insight into the consequences of tumor-associated fatty acid synthesis, we have mimicked the ...
Aung Hnin Thanda - - 2010
In our previous report, rosmarinic acid (RA) was revealed to be an antidote active compound in Argusia argentea (family: Boraginaceae). The plant is locally used in Okinawa in Japan as an antidote for poisoning from snake venom, Trimeresurus flavoviridis (habu). This article presents mechanistic evidence of RA's neutralization of the ...
Raeside J I - - 2010
The formation of a novel estrogen metabolite by mammary tissues was investigated. Polar and nonpolar metabolites of endogenous estrogens are formed in liver and other tissues. Polar products such as the catechol estrogens are implicated in tumorigenesis in breast tissue, whereas a nonpolar metabolite, 2-methoxyestradiol, may be protective. Diaryl ether ...
McQuaid Siobhán E - - 2010
Gluteo-femoral, in contrast to abdominal, fat accumulation appears protective against diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that this reflects differences in the ability of the two depots to sequester fatty acids, with gluteo-femoral fat acting as a longer-term "sink." A total of 12 healthy volunteers ...
Pinto Elisabete - - 2010
Dietary fatty acids affect several pregnancy outcomes including fetal growth and development. We compared self-reported intakes with concentrations of fatty acids in adipose tissue in pregnant women. The study was nested within Geração XXI, a birth cohort assembled in Portugal. Intake was assessed by nine food diaries (FDs) completed throughout ...
Berkov Strahil - - 2010
Calli, shoot-clumps and regenerated plants were initiated from young fruits of Pancratium maritimum L. Their genetic stability was monitored by flow cytometry before chemical studies. Apolar metabolites (alkaloids extracted at pH > 7, free fatty acids and fatty alcohols, sterols etc.) were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by GC-MS. The results ...
Fukami Hiroyuki - - 2010
We prepared 2-hydroxypalmitoyl-sphinganine (dihydroceramide) labeled with a stable isotope by culturing acetic acid bacteria with (13)C-labeled acetic acid. The GC/MS spectrum of the trimethylsilyl derivative of (13)C-labeled dihydroceramide gave molecular ions with an increased mass of 12-17 Da over that of nonlabeled dihydroceramide. The fragment ions derived from both sphinganine ...
Smit Liesbeth A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adipose tissue trans-fatty acid isomers and adiposity. This cross-sectional study included 1,785 subjects from Costa Rica. Fatty acid concentrations (as a percentage of the total fatty acids) in subcutaneous adipose tissue were assessed by gas-liquid chromatography. Dietary intakes were ...
Yang K X - - 2010
The aim of this study was to quantify the partial correlation coefficients (r(p)) between fat depot traits (FDT) and the fatty acid composition of abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue and LM intramuscular fat in 639 F(2) pigs derived from a White Duroc × Chinese Erhualian cross. Fat depot traits are classified ...
Zadravec Damir - - 2010
Although saturated and monounsaturated very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) have long been associated with undesirable effects on health, including obesity, heart failure, and atherosclerosis, the physiological role of endogenous synthesis is largely unknown. The fatty acid elongase ELOVL3 is involved in the synthesis of C20-C24 saturated and monounsaturated VLCFAs mainly in ...
Leak Rehana K RK Pittsburgh Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Department of Neurology, 3501 Fifth Ave, 7026 BST3, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. - - 2010
Experiments often involve multiple analyses, such as assays of neurotransmitters and proteins, and this can require different initial sample preparations. Typically, this is accomplished by using different animals or different tissue samples from the same animal. Either approach renders comparisons between assays more variable and greatly increases the effort and/or ...
Basu Ananda A Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. - - 2010
Treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with pioglitazone changes abdominal fat in the opposite direction as treatment with glipizide. To determine whether these two medications affect adipose tissue meal fatty acid storage differently we studied 19 T2DM treated with either pioglitazone (n = 8) or glipizide (n = 11) and ...
Lamers Daniela - - 2011
In the context of obesity, perivascular fat produces various adipokines and releases free fatty acids, which may induce inflammation and proliferation in the vascular wall. In this study we investigated how adipokines, oleic acid (OA) and the combined treatment regulate human vascular smooth muscle cell (hVSMC) proliferation and migration and ...
Alhusaini Saif - - 2010
Recent findings indicate that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is significantly increased in adipose tissue of obese human subjects and is critical to the initiation and integration of pathways of inflammation and insulin action. But the factors inducing ER stress in human adipose tissue are unknown. The common factors increased in ...
Park Kyoung Sik - - 2010
Raspberry ketone (RK) is a natural phenolic compound of the red raspberry. The dietary administration of RK to male mice has been reported to prevent high-fat diet-induced elevation in body weight and to increase lipolysis in white adipocytes. To elucidate a possible mechanism for the antiobesity action of RK, its ...
Wu C W - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a transcription factor that regulates lipid metabolism and inflammatory responses. Certain PPARgamma ligands improve nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The role of PPARgamma itself in NASH remains poorly understood. The functional consequences of PPARgamma in the development of steatohepatitis through gene deficiency or gene overexpression of PPARgamma ...
Liu Chang - - 2010
Adipocere is a postmortem decomposition product consisting of mostly a mixture of free fatty acids (FFAs) that are formed because of the hydrolysis of triglycerides in adipose tissues. This article describes a simple and robust method for the extraction, identification, and quantification of FFA commonly found in adipocere using gas ...
Nave R - - 2010
Ciclesonide is an inhaled corticosteroid, administered as a prodrug via a metered-dose inhaler. Following deposition in the lung, ciclesonide is hydrolysed by esterases to form the pharmacologically active metabolite desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC). Formation of des-CIC, as well as reversible esterification of des-CIC with fatty acids, has been demonstrated in vitro. The ...
Peng Y S - - 2010
Twenty-five mature Small Tail Han ewes were used to investigate the effects of supplemental oilseeds in the diet (sunflower seed, safflower seed, rapeseed, and linseed) on fatty acid composition in different tissues (longissimus lumborum muscle, tail fat, subcutaneous back fat and kidney fat). Averaged over tissue, safflower and sunflower seed ...
Calder Philip C - - 2010
Long chain fatty acids influence inflammation through a variety of mechanisms; many of these are mediated by, or at least associated with, changes in fatty acid composition of cell membranes. Changes in these compositions can modify membrane fluidity, cell signaling leading to altered gene expression, and the pattern of lipid ...
Iggman D - - 2010
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Dietary fatty acids may affect insulin sensitivity. Adipose tissue fatty acid composition partly reflects long-term dietary intake, but data from large studies regarding relationships with insulin sensitivity are lacking. We aimed to determine the association between adipose tissue fatty acids and insulin sensitivity in elderly Swedish men. METHODS: In ...
Zafiropoulos Alexandros - - 2010
Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) function has been associated with human cardiovascular disease. The projected mechanism postulates interaction of PON1 with lipoproteins and insulin signaling resulting in alterations in lipid homeostasis. Recently, PON2 was shown to directly regulate triglyceride accumulation in macrophages and PON1 was detected in the interstitial space of ...
Hernandez-Morante Juan Jose - - 2011
Dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) has been described as a protector agent against obesity-related pathologies, although the mechanism of action is still unknown. We have shown that DHEA-S acts on adipose tissue (AT), altering the fatty acid (FA) profile in rodents. Thus, we could hypothesize that some of the beneficial effects shown by ...
Cheung Siu Gin - - 2010
Artificial reefs can enhance habitat heterogeneity, especially in seabed degraded by bottom-dredging and trawling. However, the trophodynamics of such reef systems are not well understood. This study provided baseline data on trophic relationships in the benthic environment associated with artificial reefs in late spring and mid summer of subtropical Hong ...
Cho Ae-Sim - - 2010
This study investigated the efficacy of chlorogenic acid on altering body fat in high-fat diet (37% calories from fat) induced-obese mice compared to caffeic acid. Caffeic acid or chlorogenic acid was supplemented with high-fat diet at 0.02% (wt/wt) dose. Both caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid significantly lowered body weight, visceral ...
Natarajan S - - 2010
In the title compound, C(4)H(8)N(2)O(3)·C(4)H(6)O(6), the amino acid mol-ecule exists as a zwitterion and the carb-oxy-lic acid in an un-ionized state. The tartaric acid mol-ecules are linked into layers parallel to the ab plane by O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The amino acid mol-ecules are also linked into layers parallel to the ...
González-Périz Ana - - 2010
The presence of the so-called "low-grade" inflammatory state is recognized as a critical event in adipose tissue dysfunction in obesity. This chronic "low-grade" inflammation in white adipose tissue is powerfully augmented through the infiltration of macrophages, which, together with adipocytes, perpetuate a vicious cycle of macrophage recruitment and secretion of ...
Aitipamula Srinivasulu - - 2010
In the title co-crystal solvate, 2-ethoxy-benzamide-2,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid-ethanoic acid (2/1/1), 2C(9)H(11)NO(2)·C(7)H(6)O(4)·C(2)H(4)O(2), two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ethenzamide (systematic name: 2-ethoxy-benzamide) and gentisic acid (systematic name: 2,5-dihydroxy-benzoic acid), together with acetic acid (systematic name: ethanoic acid) form a four-component mol-ecular assembly held together by N-H⋯O and O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. This assembly features two ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2010
Trans fatty acids (TFAs) are not synthesized in the human body but are found in many food products. Several reports have shown that high consumption of TFA is unrelated to the risk of metabolic diseases. Increased consumption of TFAs was reported to be positively correlated with risk of ischemic heart ...
Ujević Ivana - - 2010
This is the first study that presents concentrations of domoic acid detected in the whole shellfish tissue from breeding and harvesting areas along the Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea during the period 2006 to 2008. Shellfish sample analyses after SAX cleaning procedures, using a UV-DAD-HPLC system, showed the presence ...
Xu Xu - - 2010
The title compound, C(24)H(34)O(6)·2C(3)H(7)NO, which was isolated from fumaric-modified rosin, has four asymmetrically fused six-membered rings and three carboxylic acid substituents. It contains two fused and unbridged cyclo-hexane rings, which form a trans ring junction with a chair conformation. The asymmetric unit includes one fumaropimaric acid and two dimethyl-formamide mol-ecules. ...
Ng Seik Weng - - 2010
The K atom in the title complex, [K(C(10)H(6)NO(2))(C(10)H(7)NO(2))(3)], lies on a twofold rotation axis that relates one N,O-chelating quinoline-2-carb-oxy-lic acid to the other; their N and O atoms are cis to each other in the distorted octa-hedral coordination geometry. The K atom is also coordinated by another monodentate quinoline-2-carb-oxy-lic acid; ...
Caesar Robert - - 2010
Depot-dependent differences in adipose tissue physiology may reflect specialized functions and local interactions between adipocytes and surrounding tissues. We combined time-resolved microarray analyses of mesenteric- (MWAT), subcutaneous- (SWAT) and epididymal adipose tissue (EWAT) during high-fat feeding of male transgenic ApoE3Leiden mice with histology, targeted lipidomics and biochemical analyses of metabolic ...
Nazari Bahar - - 2010
The beneficial or detrimental effects of dietary fats on health and well-being largely depend on their fatty acid composition. The contribution of high intake of trans fatty acids (TFAs) and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) to the risk of coronary heart disease is well documented. In this study, the fatty acid ...
Li Mengting - - 2010
Obesity is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Early studies indicated that adipose tissue from obese mice contains more saturated fatty acids and that the saturated fatty acids activate TLR4-mediated inflammatory signaling, which contributes to inflammation in adipose tissue. In this study, we determined fatty acid profile in non-adipose ...
Suagee Jessica K - - 2010
The lipogenic capacities of equine liver and adipose tissue explants were investigated in vitro. Preference for glucose or acetate as the primary carbon source for de novo fatty acid synthesis was determined using (14)C labeled substrates. Additional aims included determining the relative contribution of NADPH generating pathways to reducing equivalent ...
Klaiman J M - - 2009
The fatty acid composition of muscle membrane phospholipids and fat stores may affect migration performance in birds. The purpose of this study was to investigate seasonal changes in the fatty acid composition of (1) pectoralis muscle phospholipids, (2) intramuscular triglyceride stores and (3) adipose tissue triglycerides in free-living white-throated sparrows ...
Ander Bradley P - - 2010
Diets rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are associated with decreased incidences of cardiovascular disease. The extent of incorporation and distribution of these beneficial fats into body tissues is uncertain. Rabbits were fed regular rabbit chow or a diet containing 10% ground flaxseed that is highly enriched with the omega-3 ...
Yamakawa Takahiro - - 2010
Mice lacking modulator recognition factor-2 (Mrf-2; ARID5B) have less fat in brown and white adipose tissues, partly because of a defect in adipocyte differentiation. We have also shown that knockdown of Mrf-2 decreases the expression of the adipogenic transcription factors C/EBPalpha and PPARgamma, and inhibits adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Since ...
Krysiak Robert - - 2009
Because of methodological limitations and conflicting results of studies conducted thus far, the possible involvement of human adipose tissue in pleiotropic effects of statins and fibrates requires better understanding. Samples of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue obtained from 23 mixed dyslipidemic patients and 23 normolipidemic subjects were treated in vitro ...
Walewski José L - - 2010
The obesity epidemic causes significant morbidity and mortality. Knowledge of cellular function and gene expression in obese adipose tissue will yield insights into obesity pathogenesis and suggest therapeutic targets. The aim of this work is to study the processes determining fat accumulation in adipose tissue from obese patients. Omental fat ...
Bueno Allain Amador - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dietary lipids are directly related to the composition of adipose tissue, aetiology of obesity and arousal of obesity-related pathologies, like chronic inflammation states. Haptoglobin is an acute phase protein secreted by the liver and white adipose tissue, and its blood levels vary according to the volume of fat in ...
- - 2009
Exposure of 0.2% HF to soft tissues is damaging although no more so than dentine bonding agents.
Kotronen Anna - - 2010
Ceramides may mediate saturated fat-induced insulin resistance, but there are no data comparing ceramide concentrations between human tissues. We therefore performed lipidomic analysis of human subcutaneous (SCfat) and intra-abdominal (IAfat) adipose tissue, the liver, and serum in eight subjects. The liver contained (nmol/mg tissue) significantly more ceramides (1.5-3-fold), sphingomyelins (7-8-fold), ...
Brickner A E - - 2009
The objective was to determine the effects of abomasal infusion of linseed oil on liver triglyceride (TG) accumulation and adipose tissue lipolysis during an experimental protocol for induction of fatty liver. Eight nonpregnant, nonlactating Holstein cows were randomly assigned to treatments in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design. ...
Osthoff Gernot - - 2010
The results presented describe and compare the fatty acid composition and melting properties of captive, healthy wild, and pansteatitis-affected wild crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Differences in fatty acid composition between intramuscular and adipose fat is noted in captive crocodiles, and the latter differs from wild crocodiles as a result of different ...
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