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Mortensen P B - - 1986
A combined gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method (selected ion monitoring) to determine C6-C10-dicarboxylic acids in liver and kidney tissue is reported. Alterations in tissue concentrations of the dicarboxylic acids were reflected in urinary excretions, i.e., diabetic rats with 'ketotic dicarboxylic aciduria' had corresponding elevated concentrations of short-chain dicarboxylic acids in liver ...
Smith S B - - 1986
Studies were initiated to compare glucose and lipid metabolism in vitro in subcutaneous adipose tissue of mature sheep and cattle. Mean adipocyte volume was significantly less in subcutaneous adipose tissue of sheep than in adipose tissue from cattle. The presence of acetate and lactate in the incubation medium increased total ...
Berry E M - - 1986
Dietary fat and plasma lipids have been implicated in the development of carcinoma of the colon. Because of the difficulties in obtaining accurate dietary histories, subcutaneous adipose tissue fatty acids were analyzed to compare fat intake in 3 groups of patients undergoing colonoscopy: patients with carcinoma of the colon (n ...
Wijayasinghe M S - - 1986
Rates of utilization of glucose, acetate, and lactate and activities of selected enzymes were determined in vitro to characterize the nature of lipogenesis and metabolite utilization in perirenal adipose tissue from 6- to 7-month old fetal and 3- to 4-h-old unsuckled newborn calves. Contribution of the pentose phosphate cycle to ...
John T M - - 1986
The effect of arginine vasotocin (AVT) on free fatty acid (FFA) release from pigeon adipose tissue slices incubated in vitro was studied. AVT at concentrations of 0.5 microgram/ml and 5.0 micrograms/ml was found to produce significant increases in the release of FFA from the adipose tissue. This augmentation of FFA ...
Riemersma R A - - 1986
The possibility of an inverse relation between essential fatty acids in adipose tissue, in particular linoleic acid, and mortality from coronary heart disease was studied by a cross sectional survey of random population samples of apparently healthy men aged 40-49 from four European regions with differing mortality from coronary heart ...
Ramachandran C K - - 1986
Effect of excess feeding and depletion of vitamin A on the ability of adipose tissue to maintain plasma free fatty acid levels has been studied in rats. Both in hypervitaminosis A (fed 9 mg of retinol for 2 consecutive days) and in vitamin A deficiency (kept on a vitamin A-deficient ...
Vernon R G - - 1986
Seasonal changes in subcutaneous adipose tissue metabolism and serum metabolite and hormone concentrations are described in virgin ewes fed a fixed amount of a cereal mixture plus hay ad libitum. Body weight, adipocyte mean cell volume, the rates of fatty acid and acylglycerol glycerol synthesis, and lipoprotein lipase activity increased ...
Ma S W - - 1986
The net in vivo uptake or release of free fatty acids glycerol, glucose, lactate, and pyruvate by the interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) of barbital-anesthetized, cold-acclimated rats was determined from measurements of plasma arteriovenous concentration differences across IBAT and tissue blood flow. Measurements were made without stimulation of the tissue ...
Christie W W - - 1986
Diacetyl long-chain 1(3)- and 2-acyl-sn-glycerols containing either [9,10-3H]oleic acid or [1-14C]palmitic acid were synthesized by partial hydrolysis of the corresponding labelled triacylglycerols and acetylation. They were obtained in a high degree of stereochemical purity by preparative h.p.l.c. on a column containing a diol bonded phase. Each compound was rapidly metabolized ...
Niwa T - - 1986
Organic acids, polyols and lipid-bound polyols in the cauda equina nerves of uraemic patients and non-uraemic patients were analysed with high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In the uraemic nervous tissue, the concentrations of myoinositol and 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid were increased. Levulinic acid was first detected in the nervous tissue as a normal ...
Sturman J A - - 1986
Adult female cats were fed a defined purified diet (taurine-free) either alone or supplemented with 0.05% taurine for at least 6 mo prior to breeding. The reproductive performance by the taurine-depleted females was poor, whereas those receiving dietary taurine had normal pregnancies and deliveries. The taurine-depleted females suffered from severe ...
Arakawa N - - 1986
The effect of erythorbic acid (ErA) on ascorbic acid (AsA) content in the tissues of normal and AsA-deficient guinea pigs was studied. The animals were sacrificed at varying intervals during the experimental period, and the liver, adrenal glands, spleen and kidneys were removed. The amounts of AsA and ErA in ...
Heinämäki A A - - 1986
Levels of free amino acids were determined quantitatively in whole ocular tissues of the rat eye with aid of a sensitive amino acid analyzer. The tissues studied were the retina, vitreous, lens, iris-ciliary body, and cornea. The retina and lens contained a more concentrated free amino acid pool than other ...
Korte K - - 1986
To facilitate the determination of the fatty acid composition of tissues and the investigation of fatty acid metabolism, we developed a method for the rapid separation by high-performance liquid chromatography and quantitation (by ultraviolet light absorption) of p-bromophenyl esters of fatty acids which vary in chain length from 10 to ...
Roberts J L - - 1986
The triacylglycerols of white adipose tissue (WAT) from animals with high rates of lipogenesis, such as obese hyperglycemic mice or hypothalamically lesioned rats, contain high proportions of palmitoleic acid (16:1) and low proportions of linoleic acid (18:2). These differences appear to result from dilution of dietary 18:2 by synthesized fatty ...
van Staveren W A - - 1986
The relationship between the fatty acid composition of subcutaneous adipose tissue and diet was estimated in 59 Dutch women aged 32-35 years. Food consumption was estimated by taking the means of nineteen 24-hour recalls administered over a period of two and a half years, August 1981-December 1983. Highly significant correlations ...
López-Soriano F J - - 1986
There was a nil arginase and serine dehydratase activities in interscapular brown adipose tissue, but the activity of adenylate deaminase, glutamine synthetase, glutamate dehydrogenase and the aspartate, alanine and branched chain amino acid transaminases was higher than those of white adipose tissue; the differences were diminished when expressed per unit ...
Kuusela P - - 1986
The ability of brown adipocytes differentiated in monolayer culture to respond to norepinephrine was investigated. It was found that fatty acid release in confluent brown adipocytes in monolayer culture was induced by norepinephrine, thus these cells were hormone-sensitive. After confluence, the rate of fatty acid release successively declined. The norepinephrine-stimulated ...
Cravedi J P - - 1986
The metabolic utilization by fish of n-alkanes was investigated in Salmo gairdneri R. receiving per os a single dose of [14C]heptadecane. This alkane was largely absorbed and radioactivity in the intestinal content was entirely in heptadecane. No elimination of the hydrocarbon was observed in urine. One week after dosing, ca. ...
Wiklund K - - 1986
The risk of soft tissue sarcoma following possible exposure to phenoxy acid herbicides was studied in 354,620 Swedish men, who were employed in agriculture or forestry according to a national census in 1960. This cohort was further divided into six subcohorts, on assumed exposure to phenoxy acid herbicides. The most ...
Ookhtens M - - 1986
Using a recently developed technique of direct tracer injection into selective adipose tissue sites (Baker et al., Mech. Ageing Dev., 27: 295-313, 1984), we have studied the esterification of free fatty acids (FFA) to triglyceride fatty acids in the epididymal fat pads of normal and Ehrlich ascites carcinoma-bearing mice. We ...
Stangassinger M - - 1986
In order to determine the main organ of fatty acid synthesis de novo in the dog, glucose-C incorporation into fatty acids and glucose-1-C oxidation to CO2 were measured by means of glucose-U-14C and glucose-1-14C in samples of adipose and hepatic tissues of 16 animals. For comparison of the two organs ...
Jonsson L G - - 1986
Immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescent techniques were used to detect and localise infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) in fixed, paraffin-embedded chicken tissues. A modified Bouin's solution (9 parts of 1% picric acid to 1 part of 10% neutral buffered formalin and 5% acetic acid) proved to be ...
Amende L M - - 1986
Fatty acids produced by isoproterenol-stimulated lipolysis in mouse adipose tissue incubated at pH 7.4 formed myelin figures when the tissue was processed at pH 9.0. Myelin figures, visualized with freeze-fracture electron microscopy, were found in intracellular channels of adipocytes, extracellular space, intracellular channels of endothelial cells, and capillary lumen. The ...
Martinsen I - - 1986
Preliminary results on multielement analysis of human lung tissues with inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) are reported. Three different sample preparation procedures have been studied; dry ashing at 450 degrees C or low temperature ashing followed by pressure digestion with aqua regia and hydrofluoric acid or direct acid ...
Goubern M - - 1986
The present experiment was an appraisal of the relative importance of fatty acid synthesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) in young 28 or 5 degrees C adapted rats (9 weeks old). With a low-fat diet in vivo incorporation of 3H2O into BAT fatty acids was 8 times lower during the ...
Armas-Portela R - - 1986
Phosphotungstic acid (PTA) binds to the basic dye pyronin Y to give a non fluorescent complex with absorption characteristics which are different from those of the free dye. The use of this complex on different cells and Epon embedded tissues revealed no staining affinity and only certain hydrated tissue components ...
Merli M - - 1986
In this study plasma free fatty acids and adipose tissue fatty acid composition in 10 cirrhotic patients, 5 patients with non-cirrhotic chronic liver disease and in 5 controls have been investigated. Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue in cirrhotic patients demonstrated a significant increase of 16:1 and a decrease of ...
Miletich D J - - 1986
The effects of various dosages of verapamil on glucose or fatty acid utilization by beating or nonbeating rat heart myocytes in tissue culture were determined. Myocytes were incubated with verapamil and either D-6-14C glucose or 1-14C palmitic acid as substrate. After incubation the subsequently generated 14CO2 was captured with hyamine ...
Field C J - - 1985
The habitual intake of 20 healthy free-living subjects was determined by two 7-day food records. Documented fatty acid intakes were utilized to examine the influence of fatty acid intake on fatty acid composition of stored and structural lipids in subcutaneous adipose tissue. Subjects with higher intakes of saturated fatty acids ...
Holness M J - - 1985
Effects of administration of tri-iodothyronine (T3) on activities of cardiac and renal pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (active form, PDHa) were investigated. In fed rats, T3 treatment did not affect cardiac or renal PDHa activity, although blood non-esterified fatty acid and ketone-body concentrations were increased. Starvation (48 h) of both control and ...
Ranta S - - 1985
A method is described to assay the adenosine content of human adipose tissue. Tissue pieces of 10-20 mg were frozen within 1 sec of excision by a conchotome. The pieces were pooled and ground in liquid nitrogen, divided into samples weighing 50-100 mg each and placed in perchloric acid. Neutralized ...
Eichhorn J M - - 1985
Fatty acid composition of total lipid extracts of muscle and adipose samples from crossbred bulls (N = 34) and steers (N = 35) was determined by gas-liquid chromatography. Samples of semitendinosus, triceps brachii and longissimus muscle and of subcutaneous and perinephric adipose tissue were excised from the right side of ...
Brandes R - - 1985
The availability of medium-chain fatty acids as substrates for triacylglycerol synthesis was studied in cultured and suspended rat adipocytes and in pieces of human adipose tissue. Octanoate was virtually excluded from glycerol 3-phosphate esterification while serving as a substrate for diacylglycerol esterification. This specificity was similar to that of cultured ...
Kruip T A - - 1985
The presence of oxytocin in ovarian tissue was examined immunocytochemically. Bovine antral follicles and corpora lutea were fixed with glutaraldehyde, picric acid and acetic acid fixative and immuno-stained by the indirect peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) technique. Immunoreactive oxytocin was demonstrated in the granulosa cells of small and large follicles, in the granulosa-lutein ...
Schwaiger M - - 1985
Free fatty acids are the major energy source for cardiac muscle. Oxidation of fatty acid decreases or even ceases during ischemia. Its recovery after transient ischemia remains largely unexplored. Using intracoronary carbon-11 palmitic acid as a tracer of myocardial fatty acid metabolism in an open chest dog model, retention and ...
Marchal G - - 1985
Normal lymph nodes appear sonographically as somewhat flattened hypoechogenic structures. Chronic inflammation, obesity, and degenerative changes leading to benign fatty replacement of lymphoid tissue are responsible for the variations seen with high-resolution ultrasonography. These fatty deposits, beginning in the center of the lymph node and progressing toward the periphery, are ...
Hoffmann K H - - 1985
Six hours after injection of 0.5 microCi 3H-ecdysone into the hemocoele of adult female crickets, several labelled compounds could be separated from hemolymph and tissues by silicic acid column chromatography, TLC, and HPLC. The amount of conjugated, polar ecdysteroids was low in all tissues, whereas apolar metabolites were predominant in ...
McCandless D W - - 1985
The medium chain fatty acid octanoic acid was injected i.p. into 20-22 g Swiss-Albino mice at a dose of 15 mumol/g. This dose produced a reproducible response consisting of a 3-4 min period of drowsiness, followed by coma. These mice as well as suitable controls were sacrificed by rapid submersion ...
van der Vusse G J - - 1985
Oliver and coworkers hypothesized that under certain circumstances NEFA (non-esterified fatty acids = FFA = free fatty acids) might be toxic for myocardial function. Unambiguous conclusions on the putative detrimental effect of intracellularly localized NEFA are hampered by contradictory values published for the NEFA content in normoxic myocardial tissue. From ...
Tricker A R - - 1985
The levels of nitrosoamino acids and apparent total N-nitroso compounds in the adipose tissue of raw bacon have been examined. Nitrosoamino acids were detected in 80% of the samples in levels of up to 0.2 mg/kg. Apparent total N-nitroso compounds were present in all samples in concentrations of between 0.4 ...
Hartman A D - - 1985
The objectives of the present study were to determine if adipocyte triglyceride fatty acid (TGFA) mobilization in vivo varied among the different adipose tissue depots and whether these rates were affected by age. In order to accomplish these objectives, two groups of rats were studied. The first group initially weighed ...
Kawai K - - 1985
The presence of CRF in various ovine tissues has been quantified by a radioimmunoassay using an antibody raised against ovine CRF synthesized in vitro. Acetic acid extracts of ovine hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, pituitary and a number of visceral organs assayed in serial dilutions gave inhibition curves parallel to those ...
Hosokawa T - - 1985
Male 12-week-old C57BL/KsJ db/db mice were treated for 1 week with a dietary admixture of an experimental antidiabetic agent, AS-6 (4-O-carboxymethylascochlorin, 0.1%). The fatty acid composition of the adipose tissue and its plasma membranes in the treated mice was compared with that in untreated db/db mice and their lean littermates. ...
Trankina M L - - 1985
Ronnel [0,0-dimethyl 0-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl) phosphorothioate] is an organophosphate pesticide with growth-promoting properties. Experiments were conducted to determine effects of ronnel on oxidation of and fatty acid synthesis from acetate and glucose as indices of metabolic activity in subcutaneous adipose tissue and skeletal muscle from 6-, 12- and 18-mo-old steers. Ronnel depressed ...
Becker W - - 1985
Rats fed diets with a low (0.3% of total energy) or normal (3%) essential fatty acid (EFA) content were injected intravenously with a single dose of 14C-labelled alpha-linolenic, arachidonic or oleic acid and the distribution of radioactivity in the tissues was compared 5 min, 1 h and 18 h after ...
Göke B - - 1985
The effect of the epsilon-guanidino acid derivate camostate (FOY 305) on lipolysis of isolated adipocytes was evaluated to test its supposed influence on the reactions of lipid metabolism in experimental shock. Isoprenaline (10(-6) M) and theophylline (10(-3) M) significantly stimulated lipolysis in vitro. The basal submaximal (isoprenaline 10(-6)-10(-9) M) and ...
Blanchette-Mackie E J - - 1985
Fatty acids are transported from circulating blood lipoproteins to adipocytes during lipid filling of adipose tissue and from adipocytes to the capillary lumen during lipid mobilization. Our studies with chylomicrons and lipid monolayers show that ampipathic fatty acids formed by the action of lipoprotein lipase locate and move in the ...
Strugala G J - - 1985
The transfer and tissue content of 3H-pteroylmonoglutamate (PteGlu) from the mucosal to the serosal side (Jms, TCm) and in the reverse direction (Jsm, TCs) was studied using the everted sac technique. In the entire intestine, except for the colon, 3H-PteGlu was transferred preferentially into the serosal solution. When 3H-PteGlu was ...
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