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Jacobsson L - - 1990
To establish the concentrations of micronutrients in serum, fatty acid composition in serum phosphatidylcholine and in adipose tissue, and their correlation with inflammation and disease duration in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 21 consecutive patients with recently diagnosed disease (mean duration eight months), 21 patients with longstanding disease (mean duration 15 years), ...
Coppack S W - - 1990
1. Substrate movements in forearm muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue were studied, by measurement of arteriovenous differences and blood flow, in seven normal subjects after an overnight fast and then for 6 h after ingestion of a mixed meal. Overall substrate balances were examined in terms of the flux of ...
Schäfer L - - 1990
The influence of diet and sampling site on subcutaneous adipose-tissue fatty acid composition and vitamin E content was examined in 20 healthy subjects. A dietary history and adipose-tissue biopsies from the buttock were obtained from 14 individuals. In another six individuals, samples were taken from both waist and buttock. The ...
Gutierrez A - - 1990
To investigate whether the contact between blood and dialysis membranes might induce muscle protein degradation, the exchange of free amino acids across leg tissues was measured by catheterization technique in three groups of healthy subjects before and after a 150 minute sham-hemodialysis procedure (SHDP), that is, in vivo passage of ...
Frayn K N - - 1990
Although excess ethanol consumption is often considered to lead to adiposity, the metabolic routes by which this might occur are not clear. We have investigated some metabolic consequences of acute ethanol ingestion by measuring arteriovenous differences across forearm muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue for 6 hours after ingestion of 47.5 ...
Fong J C - - 1990
Various saturated and unsaturated fatty acids were included in the culture medium to test their effects on lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Following prolonged incubation, only oleate was found to exert enhancing effect on basal and isoproterenol-stimulated lipolysis. The effect of oleate was concentration-dependent and was accompanied with increased intracellular cAMP ...
Hassinen I - - 1990
The calorigenic effect of fatty acids on the intact myocardium was investigated in isolated rat hearts perfused with a phosphate-free bicarbonate buffer. 31P-NMR spectra were accumulated in a Fourier transform high-field spectrometer during titration of the heart with varying concentrations of hexanoate. Oxygen consumption, coronary flow, left ventricular pressure development, ...
Edens N K - - 1990
Within adipose tissue, free fatty acids liberated by lipolysis may be re-esterified into newly synthesized triacylglycerol. We hypothesized that re-esterification may occur via an extracellular route, such that free fatty acids arising from lipolysis must leave the adipocyte and be taken up again before they can be re-esterified. We simultaneously ...
Dunshea F R - - 1990
Non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and glycerol kinetics were studied in lactating goats to gain insight into the mechanisms by which animals in early lactation can initially mobilize and later replenish body fat reserves. Kinetic measurements were made at days 10, 38 and 76 post-partum in ten multiparous lactating does. Plasma ...
Geri G - - 1990
Genetic and phenotypic relationships between adipose tissue characteristics of 253 piglets aged 8 d and qualitative characteristics of their backfat at 95 and 145 kg live weight were studied. Heritability of these qualitative aspects was estimated as well. Backfat samples were tested for cellularity, moisture, lipid content and fatty acid ...
Nightingale S - - 1990
The fatty acid profiles of phosphatidyl ethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidyl choline (PC) of the red blood cells of 30 patients with mild inactive multiple sclerosis (MS) and 30 healthy controls were studied by gas chromatography. The groups were well matched for factors likely to influence tissue lipid levels, including diet. ...
Lemke M - - 1990
Secondary neurochemical events contribute to progressive tissue damage and subsequent neurological deficit after traumatic spinal-cord injury (SCI). Among proposed injury factors are alterations of phospholipids and certain cations. To clarify the relationship of membrane lipid changes (phospholipids, cholesterol, and arachidonic acid) to changes in tissue content of water and selected ...
Nicolas C C Laboratoire de Nutrition et Sécurité Alimentaire, INRA, Centre de Recherches de Jouy-en-Josas, - - 1990
The effect of dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid content on pig adipocyte plasma membrane was studied with two types of adipose tissues: subcutaneous backfat layer and perirenal fat. When pigs were fed a diet containing 15 percent sunflower oil, the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid content in the membranes increased in ...
Madore M A - - 1990
Mature, variegated leaves of Coleus blumei Benth. contained stachyose and other raffinose series sugars in both green, photosynthetic and white, nonphotosynthetic tissues. However, unlike the green tissues, white tissues had no detectable level of galactinol synthase activity and a low level of sucrose phosphate synthase indicating that stachyose and possibly ...
Bülow J - - 1990
Regional perfusion and vascular resistance were examined in different tissues with the radioactive microsphere technique in Göttingen minipigs before, during and after treatment with Intralipid and heparin. This treatment led to an increase in the free fatty acid/albumin molar ratio from 0.39 +/- 0.23 to 3.43 +/- 1.37. Concomitantly a ...
Yamashita Y - - 1990
The distribution of neurotensin-like immunoreactivity (NTLI) in porcine and human intestine was studied by extraction of mucosal and muscular layers of esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon. NTLI was quantitated and characterized by radioimmunoassays and gel filtration chromatography. Porcine tissue was obtained in anesthetized animals (n = 6) and ...
Bentejac M - - 1990
Utilization of stearic and lignoceric acids supplied by high-density lipoprotein (HDL) sphingomyelin to different tissues was followed for 24 h after rats were injected with HDL containing [[1-14C]stearic (18:0) or [1-14C]lignoceric (24:0) acid [Me-3H]choline]sphingomyelin. Both isotopes reached a maximum in tissue lipids 3-12 h after injection and were recovered mainly ...
Turk D D Cytology and Medical Genetics Unit, Dr. Ozren Novosel University Hospital, Zagreb, - - 1990
A new reprocessing technique for Y chromosome fluorescent body (q 12 region) detection of trophoblastic disease in previously paraffin-embedded tissues is described. Deparaffinized sections were treated with pronase and trypsin for digestion, followed by hydrolysis with HCl and acetic acid, staining with quinacrine hydrochloride fluorochrome and mounting in Sørensen's phosphate ...
Coppack S W - - 1990
Measurements of arteriovenous differences across subcutaneous abdominal tissue (mainly adipose) and deep forearm tissue (mainly muscle) were made on 25 occasions in normal subjects after an overnight fast. Adipose tissue was shown to be strongly lipolytic (releasing nonesterified fatty acids and glycerol), to clear circulating triacylglycerol, glucose, ketone bodies and ...
Peterla T A - - 1990
The effects of the beta-adrenergic agonists isoproterenol, cimaterol, ractopamine and clenbuterol on lipolysis (release of glycerol and free fatty acids) and lipogenesis (incorporation of 14C into fatty acids from [14C]glucose) was examined in porcine adipose tissue explants in vitro. Lipolysis was stimulated by isoproterenol, cimaterol or ractopamine but not by ...
Eriksson M - - 1990
In a case-control study including 237 cases with soft tissue sarcoma and 237 controls, previous jobs and exposures to different agents, including pesticides, were assessed. Exposure to phenoxyacetic acids or chlorophenols gave a statistically significant increased rate ratio (RR) of 1.80 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.02-3.18] for soft tissue ...
Davis W L - - 1990
Biochemical studies on brown adipose tissue removed from a hibernating black bear and a non-hibernating control animal demonstrate that this tissue: (1) can carry out cyanide-insensitive fatty acid oxidation, and (2) possesses catalase activity and the enzyme activities unique to the glyoxylate cycle, isocitrate lyase and malate synthase. These activities ...
Smulders M J - - 1990
The competence of pedicel explants of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Samsun) to regenerate flower buds in response to auxin was manipulated by preincubating excised tissues in the absence of auxin. When exposed to 1 micromolar 1-naphthaleneacetic acid, these tissues formed fewer buds than controls that were not preincubated. The ...
Burghelle-Mayeur C - - 1990
1. The efficiency and time course of dietary fatty acid incorporation into lipids of egg yolk and abdominal adipose tissue was compared in "White Leghorn", normal (Dw) and dwarf (dw) laying hens at 56 weeks of age, using 14C labelled linoleic acid. 2. The sex-linked dwarfing gene, dw, was shown ...
Breidbach O - - 1990
The monoclonal antibody CAF-I recognises a glucuronic acid-containing epitope present on various acidic glycosphingolipids of Calliphora vicina. Immunohistochemistry was performed on CAF-I-labelled whole-mount preparations of the central nervous system, visualised by peroxidase-conjugated second antibody. A differential, temporal and spatial expression of this epitope in metamorphosing nervous tissue was outlined, that ...
Helmy E S - - 1990
Joint pain has been associated with fatty infiltration of the knee articulation. The purpose of this study is to report on the histopathological findings, especially fatty changes, that are seen in surgical specimens from the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) of patients that had persistent pain after non-surgical therapy. Forty plicated TMJ ...
Bailey J W - - 1990
1. In the presence of insulin, 10(-5) M 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3) treatment for 1/2 hr decreased fatty acid synthesis 35% only in adipocytes from lean rats, whereas at 10(-11) M through 10(-7) M T3 the obese adipocytes had nearly a 20% increase in fatty acid synthesis. 2. A 2 hr pretreatment ...
Rautalahti M - - 1990
The effect of sampling site and proximity of malignant tumor on the relative fatty acid composition of human breast adipose tissue was studied in 10 cases of breast cancer. The four anatomic quadrants of breast did not statistically significantly differ from each other in relation to any of the 30 ...
Sagee O - - 1990
Exogenous [(14)C]indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is conjugated in citrus (Citrus sinensis) leaf tissues to one major substance which has been identified as indole-3-acetylaspartic acid (IAAsp). Ethylene pretreatment enhanced the catabolism of [(14)C]IAA to indole-3-carboxylic acid (ICA), which accumulated as glucose esters (ICGIu). Increased formation of ICGIu by ethylene was accompanied by ...
Harant I - - 1990
Fatty acid (FA) composition of membrane phospholipids (PL) and stored triglycerides (TG) from adipose tissue was studied in eight infants aged 1 to 4 months receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN) since birth. During this period, essential fatty acid (EFA) intake consisted exclusively of soybean oil emulsion administered by intravenous route ...
Sweeten M K - - 1990
Health-conscious consumers want lean beef. The beef industry has responded by physically removing much of the adipose tissue from retail products and by initiating attempts to produce--genetically and environmentally--cattle with more muscle, less external fat, and less seam fat, without sacrificing the quality dependent on the amount of marbling present. ...
Moch D - - 1990
Locally administered 9Ds-hydroxy-10,12(E,Z)-octadecadienoic acid (9-HODE) caused a drastic inflammatory response in the experimental model of granulation tissue formation of the rat according to RUDAS (Arzneimittelforsch. 10,226-229, 1960). Three days after implantation of the polyvinyl chloride rings the granulation tissue became inhomogeneous with proliferation islets surrounded by edematous regions containing a ...
Schiavo D M - - 1990
In a recent text by Grant (3), approximately 2,800 substances are listed as having some type of untoward effect on ocular tissue. The kinds of substances that may cause toxic damage/effects range from carbolic acid (2) to oxygen (1). It is the purpose of this communication to briefly review ocular ...
Rubba P - - 1990
The fatty acid composition of subcutaneous tissue has been determined in a population sample of apparently healthy middle aged men from Southern Italy. Dietary appraisal has been carried out by evaluating the usual pattern of food consumption during the year preceding the interview. The whole population sample was subdivided into ...
de Groot M J - - 1989
The addition of lactate (5.6 mM) to a perfusion medium containing glucose (11 mM) stimulated the turnover of the cardiac triacylglycerol pool throughout the perfusion period as indicated by increased glycerol release in association with maintained levels of triacylglycerols. Attenuation of feedback inhibition of triacylglycerol lipase by fatty acids as ...
Giménez M S - - 1989
Male goats ("Criolla Argentina" breed), castrated at 45 days of age, showed altered lipid metabolism 180 days after castration as compared to control goats. Subcutaneous, perirenal and omental adipose tissues of castrated goats showed increases in fatty acid synthetase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase activities. Castration increased the amount of ...
Forsyth D S - - 1989
Four commercially available proteases were tested, in conjunction with a lipase, for efficacy in hydrolyzing 3 tissue substrates: cod fillet, chicken egg, and bovine liver. Enzymatic hydrolysis of tissues minimizes the formation of emulsions during liquid-liquid extraction and does not accelerate the decomposition of acid- or base-labile analytes. Recovery of ...
Skidmore A F - - 1989
Inclusion of aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) in extraction buffers for the isolation of RNA from animal tissues resulted in high yields (0.5-2.0 mg/g of tissue) of undegraded material as judged by agarose-gel-electrophoretic analyses and Northern-blotting experiments. However, ATA bound to nucleic acids, forming stable complexes, and so we have established methods ...
Barakat H A - - 1989
The influence of training on fatty acid and glyceride synthesis by liver and adipose tissue homogenates of young and old Fischer-344 rats was examined. Four groups of rats (10 animals/group) were studied: young untrained, young trained, old untrained, and old trained. Training of each group was for 10 wk at ...
Benson J M - - 1989
Quantification of nickel in animal soft tissue is of toxicological interest. A digestion method applying the use of microwave ovens for irradiating samples in Teflon digesters was developed. An acid mixture containing nitric acid (16 M, 1.0 ml g-1 tissue), hydrochloric acid (6 M, 0.5 ml g-1 tissue) and H2O2 ...
Malcom G T - - 1989
We compared the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue from three different sites, one deep-seated site (perirenal) and two subcutaneous sites (abdominal and buttock), in 143 autopsied adult humans aged 24-61 y. The proportion of saturated fatty acids was highest in the perirenal adipose tissue and lowest in buttock adipose ...
Baak J P JP Institute of Pathology, Free University Hospital, Amsterdam, The - - 1989
The influence on the area and numerical density of nuclei was investigated in 5-mm-thick slices of guinea pig liver for different fixatives and variations in tissue processing: delay in fixation, air drying, degree of acidity of 10% formalin (= 4% formaldehyde), Bouin and mercury-formalin fixatives, acetone and ethanol dehydration and ...
Laposata E A - - 1989
Fatty acid ethyl esters, a family of ethanol metabolites, are formed by esterification of ethanol with fatty acids and have been detected in human organs commonly damaged by ethanol abuse. Because alcohol-related deaths may occur up to six times as often as reported on death certificates, we undertook quantitation of ...
Cassidy D M DM Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Metabolic Medicine, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 1989
A procedure for determining the fatty acid composition of human adipose tissue using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was developed. Adipose tissue was obtained from the lateral upper aspect of the right thigh by needle biopsy and prepared for analysis by lyophilisation, total lipid extraction and base-catalysed transesterification of the complexed fatty ...
López-Soriano F J - - 1989
The effect of 36-hour starvation on the net uptake/release of amino acids and glucose by interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) of the rat has been studied by means of the determination of the arterio-venous differences in their blood concentrations. Starvation induced a net release of non-essential amino acids by the ...
Gupta J B - - 1989
Mongrel dogs of either sex with ligation of their left anterior descending coronary artery were employed for the present study to investigate the biochemical basis of the cardioprotective action of dilazep. Dilazep (0.2 mg/kg intravenous) was administered 20 minutes after coronary arterial occlusion. Ligation of the artery for 40 minutes ...
Beck J C - - 1989
We investigated the effects of conditioned media derived from mouse mammary fat pads on the proliferation of CL-S1 cells, an epithelial cell line originally isolated from a preneoplastic mammary outgrowth line. Cell proliferation in vitro in serum-free defined medium was compared to that in this medium conditioned using intact mammary ...
Fekry A E - - 1989
Incorporation of [14C]acetate into lipids was measured in 24 hr co-cultures of mammary, liver and adipose tissue from Holstein cows at 53, 210 and 318 d of lactation in the presence or absence of bovine growth hormone. Little (less than 1%) of the labeled lipids appeared in the media relative ...
Lawson N - - 1989
Employing capillary gas liquid chromatography the levels of palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, cis-vaccenic, linoleic, arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids were measured in lung tissue and lung tumours from 28 patients undergoing surgery for bronchogenic carcinoma. There were significant increases in the majority of fatty acids in tumour tissue compared to normal ...
Jans A W - - 1989
Suspensions of rabbit renal papillary tissue were incubated with D-[6-13C]glucose, D-[1-13C]fructose, D-[1-13C]ribose, and [2-13C]glycerol. The perchloric acid extracts of the above incubations were investigated with 13C NMR spectroscopy. All 13C-labeled substrates give rise to 13C-labeled D-sorbitol. D-[6-13C]Glucose and D-[1-13C]fructose are converted directly into D-sorbitol via the aldose reductase and sorbitol ...
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