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Results 751 - 800 of 1457
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Kurpad A - - 1994
1. The effect of infusion of noradrenaline (0.42 mumol min-1 kg-1) on the exchange of nonesterified fatty acids, glycerol and other metabolites across subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue was investigated in five healthy subjects using an arteriovenous catheterization technique and measurement of adipose tissue blood flow using the 133Xe clearance technique. ...
Coppack S W - - 1994
Fatty acids are important oxidative fuel for liver, kidney, skeletal muscle, and myocardium. There has been much interest in the role of fatty acids in the pathogenesis of non-insulin-dependent diabetes because they compete with glucose for oxygen and inhibit whole body glucose disposal via the 'Randle cycle,' Control of lipolysis ...
Klingenspor M - - 1994
The bilateral lobe of interscapular brown adipose tissue of the Djungarian hamster was unilaterally denervated in order to study the role of the sympathetic innervation for maintenance and cold-induced increase of non-shivering thermogenesis. Denervation decreased the noradrenaline content of brown adipose tissue to less than 9% of the intact contralateral ...
Fujii H - - 1994
We report the first demonstration of EPR spectroscopy to study free radical reactions in live mice and excised muscle tissue resulting from the metabolism of nitrosobenzene. A broad three-line EPR spectrum (aN = 11.6 G) appeared in the buttocks region of a mouse place in an L-band loop gap resonator ...
Tu Q - - 1994
Widespread use of the rare earth elements (REEs) in China for agricultural purposes, together with many other applications, has resulted in a remarkable increase of REE concentrations in the environment. The comparative bioaccumulations of representative light, medium and heavy REEs in a variety of tissues of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) ...
Balonov M I - - 1993
This review briefly describes techniques and basic results of experimental investigations in mice and rats on metabolism, dosimetry, and radiobiological effects of tritium oxide and some tritiated biogenic compounds (glucose, amino acids, and nucleosides) during the last 10 to 15 years in Russia. The content of water in tissue cells ...
Wendel U - - 1993
Newborns with disturbed propionate metabolism (propionic and methylmalonic acidaemias) accumulate during fetal life large amounts of odd-numbered long-chain fatty acids in adipose tissue (8% to 10% of total fatty acids vs 1% in normal controls) and other body lipids. During periods of acute catabolism, such as in the early days ...
Harris D M - - 1993
The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of porcine somatotropin (pST) on glucose flux rates, lipogenic enzyme activities, and the abundance of fatty acid synthase mRNA in pig adipose tissue. Barrows were injected daily with 120 micrograms of pST/kg BW (n = 6) or excipient (n = 6). ...
Chilliard Y - - 1993
Effects of dietary fat on dairy cows are reviewed. Dietary fat did not affect gain in BW or body condition score after peak lactation but tended to increase BW loss during early lactation and body fat deposition in growing cattle. Dietary fat decreased de novo fatty acid synthesis in adipose ...
Frayn K N KN Sheikh Rashid Laboratory, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, - - 1993
Adipose tissue is a metabolically active tissue which plays a key role in regulating the concentrations of circulating lipid fuels. In recent years, two new techniques have become available for the study of human adipose tissue metabolism in vivo: microdialysis, and catheterization of the venous drainage from the subcutaneous abdominal ...
DeAngelis R L - - 1993
This article provided a brief overview of synthetic surfactants and DPPC metabolism, and summarized disposition data on the most widely used synthetic surfactant, CPHT (colfosceril palmitate, hexadecanol, and tyloxapol; Exosurf Neonatal, Burroughs Wellcome Co.). In separate experiments, young male rabbits were given intratracheal administrations of CPHT trace-labeled with either hexadecanol-3-[14C], ...
Chung J G - - 1993
The distribution of N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity in 35 tissues of inbred rapid acetylator C57BL/6J and slow acetylator congenic B6.A-NatS mice was determined by incubation of tissue cytosols with 2-aminofluorene or p-aminobenzoic acid followed by HPLC assay. Tissues examined included the gastrointestinal tract, lymphoid tissues, skin, blood components, and other major ...
Bekier A M - - 1993
In order to check a new rebreathing unit for ventilation investigations of the lungs with radioactive gases, a 133Xe lung ventilation study was performed in a 56-year old healthy volunteer. The contamination check on the following day triggered a radiation warning caused by the retained xenon activity in the body. ...
Kellerman P S - - 1993
The hallmark of ischemic acute renal failure is a rapid and early decline in proximal tubule ATP. Since we have previously shown that over half of apical microfilament losses occur within the first 5 min of experimental ischemic injury, we postulated that microfilament (F-actin) structure and cellular location are dependent ...
Sugden M C - - 1993
Glucose utilization indices (GUI values) and rates of fatty acid synthesis in interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) varied during the diurnal cycle in virgin and late-pregnant rats permitted unrestricted access to food. In virgin rats, peak GUI values and lipogenic rates were observed at the end of the dark (feeding) ...
Edens N K - - 1993
The association between abdominal deposition of adipose tissue and morbidities accompanying obesity may be related to high rates of free fatty acid release from enlarged intra-abdominal stores. To investigate cellular mechanisms that might contribute to enlargement of intra-abdominal adipocytes, lipolysis, triacylglycerol (TG), and diacylglycerol (DG) synthesis from [14C]glucose was measured ...
Cunnane S C - - 1993
The rate of oral glucose delivery determines whether serum total free fatty acids remain low (glucose sipping over 210 min) or rebound 120-180 min after initial suppression (via glucose bolus), but the response of individual serum free fatty acids to glucose ingestion is largely unknown. In this study, we measured ...
Shirasaka T - - 1993
The possibility of decreasing the gastrointestinal (GI) toxic effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on the digestive tract such as its injury of cells and induction of diarrhea, without reducing its antitumor activity, was investigated in rats. Oxonic acid was found to inhibit the phosphorylation of 5-FU to 5-fluorouridine-5'-monophosphate catalyzed by pyrimidine ...
Nishikawa T - - 1993
We have studied the nature and characteristics of cholesterol esterase (CEase) in human adrenal adenoma and hyperplasia tissues showing Cushing's syndrome, comparing with those in normal tissue. Each tissue demonstrated that two pH optima were found at around 4.5 and 8.0. The results of a subcellular distribution study show that ...
Lin D S - - 1993
The objective of this study was to determine the effect that different dietary fatty acids would have on the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue. Thirty adult rabbits were starved 3-4 wk to deplete adipose tissue stores. They were then refed five different fats (linseed, rapeseed, cocoa butter, palm, and ...
Hughes S E - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors have a wide range of biologic actions in a variety of systems. The best characterized are the prototypical acidic and basic FGFs, both of which have the property of binding to the flg gene product, fibroblast growth factor receptor-1/FGFR-1. Although much ...
Käkelä R - - 1993
1. Adipose tissues associated with the mystacial and superciliary vibrissae of the Saimaa seal (Phoca hispida saimensis) contained 31% of hexadecenoic acid (16:1 omega 7), which was almost twice the already high amount in blubber. The amount of tetradecenoic acid (14:1 omega 5) was also double that in blubber. 2. ...
Koch T R - - 1993
Quantitative determination of neuropeptides in biologic tissues by radioimmunoassay requires both an efficient extraction of neuropeptides as well as maintenance of immunochemical reactivity. Vasoactive intestinal peptide, substance P, and met5-enkephalin were chosen for this study because they are neuropeptides which appear to be involved in multiple physiologic systems. Since all ...
Tjønneland A - - 1993
Adipose tissue fatty acids, it has been proposed, reflect dietary intake. Using data from a validation study preceding a prospective study on diet, cancer, and health in Denmark, we were able to compare fatty acid profiles in adipose tissue biopsies from 86 individuals (23 men and 63 women) aged 40-64 ...
Young N J - - 1993
Changes in ovarian and hemolymph ecdysteroid concentration and composition during vitellogenesis have been investigated in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Free ecdysteroids (20-hydroxyecdysone and ecdysone) in hemolymph increased in concentration during vitellogenesis from zero at stage 0 to 1.5 ng/ml at stage I to 7.3 ng/ml in mature, stage IV ...
Robert P - - 1993
The biocompatibility and degradation processes of biomembranes made of a mixture of a high molecular weight racemic polylactic acid (PLA50P) with 0, 10, 20 and 30% w/w racemic polylactic acid oligomers (PLA50p) were assessed for morphological changes in subcutaneous abdominal membrane implantations after 15, 21, 30 and 60 d in ...
de la Hoz L - - 1993
The effects of lactation and insulin, growth hormone and dexamethasone (a glucocorticoid analogue) have been assessed on the rate of fatty acid synthesis in adipose tissue from omental (abdominal), subcutaneous and popliteal (intermuscular) depots of sheep. Adipocyte mean cell volume was greatest in omental tissue but the rate of fatty ...
Huerta-Leidenz N O - - 1993
The fatty acid composition of adipose tissue was measured in 37 mature Brahman and 32 mature Hereford cows to determine breed effect. Diet was held constant among all cows. When biopsied, cows were on oats and native cool-season annual pastures of good quality. Real-time ultrasound measurements of subcutaneous fat were ...
Oishi M - - 1993
A case of Nasu-Hakola disease (membranous lipodystrophy) was reported. The patient is a 33-year-old man who started to have pathological fractures at the age of 24 years. Then, neurological symptoms such as dementia appeared gradually. A biopsy specimen of the bone showed membranocystic changes of the adipose tissue. T2-weighted magnetic ...
Woodcock E A - - 1993
The nature of the inositol phosphates present in adult rat left atria have been examined. Trichloroacetic acid extracts of [3H] inositol-labelled left atria contained the 1 (or 3)-, 2- and 4-isomers of inositol monophosphate, inositol-1,4-bisphosphate, and inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate. Addition of noradrenaline increased all of these isomers. However, even in the presence ...
Speake B K - - 1993
Lipoprotein lipase was present at a high specific activity in adipose tissue and heart of the chick embryo at the 14th day of development. The enzyme was also present in skeletal muscle but was absent from brain and liver. Major increases in the activity of lipoprotein lipase in adipose tissue ...
Mostafa N - - 1993
Fatty acid metabolism and triacylglycerol synthesis are critical processes for the survival of hibernating mammals that undergo a prolonged fasting period. Fatty acid synthase, fatty-acid-CoA ligase, diacylglycerol acyltransferase, and monoacylglycerol acyltransferase activities were measured in liver and in white and brown adipose tissue, in order to determine whether enzymes of ...
Wahlberg G - - 1993
Thirty-one weight-stable patients with different types of hyperlipoproteinemia were treated daily with 4 g nicotinic acid for 6 weeks. Effects of this therapy on adipose tissue metabolism were evaluated. By using biopsy specimens of subcutaneous adipose tissue, fatty acid and glucose incorporation into adipose tissue glycerides were measured in vitro ...
Hanai T - - 1993
Eicosanoid production and the compositions of precursor fatty acids were determined in human cancerous and reference liver tissues. Seventeen hepatectomized cases (12 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 5 cases of metastatic liver cancer) were evaluated. The cancerous tissues and the noncancerous reference tissues were separated, lipids were extracted, and ...
Foster J L - - 1993
To compare the bacterial communities residing in necrotic tissues of columnar cacti of the Sonoran Desert, isolates from 39 organ pipe, 19 saguaro, and 16 senita cacti were obtained. The isolates were clustered into 28 conspecific groups on the basis of their fatty acid profiles. The distributions of the individual ...
Miles J M - - 1993
Rates of adipose tissue lipolysis are increased in critically ill patients, thus increasing the systemic supply of free fatty acids. This increase in the availability of free fatty acids is probably mediated by various factors including increases in counterregulatory hormones and tumor necrosis factor alpha. The cytokines tumor necrosis factor ...
Seidelin K N - - 1993
Dietary linoleic acid has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer disease because its metabolite arachidonic acid may be converted to cytoprotective prostaglandins. In addition, it has been suggested that the falling incidence and virulence of duodenal ulcer disease is related to increased dietary polyunsaturated essential fatty acid intake. ...
Speciale C - - 1993
The de novo production and subsequent disposition of the endogenous excitotoxin quinolinic acid (QUIN) was investigated in vitro in tissue slices from rat brain and liver. Incubation of tissue with QUIN's immediate bioprecursor 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-HANA) in oxygenated Krebs-Ringer buffer yielded measurable amounts of QUIN both in the tissue and ...
Hausman D B - - 1993
This study was performed to verify and further characterize the role of neuroendocrine factors in the regulation of fetal adipose metabolism. On day 72 to 74 of gestation, pig fetuses in one uterine horn were hypophysectomized (hypoxed) by micro-cauterization, fetuses in the other horn served as sham controls. Fetuses were ...
Clark S L - - 1992
The effect of porcine somatotropin (pST) on the lipid profiles of adipose tissue and muscle was investigated. Sixteen crossbred barrows were injected daily with either 3 mg of pST or a placebo. After slaughter, total lipid and fatty acid composition of raw subcutaneous (SC) adipose and intermuscular (IM) adipose tissue ...
Ruiz-Gutierrez V V Instituto de la Grasa y sus Derivados, Seville, - - 1992
The fatty acid composition of adipose tissue was studied in a population in western Andalusia with a diet in which the fat contribution is mainly from olive oil. The lipid composition of adipose tissue, including the fatty acid composition of triacylglycerols, was examined by capillary gas chromatography. Thirty-five peaks were ...
Nellis S H - - 1992
These studies evaluated the kinetics of tracer uptake and washout after step-function labeling with 14C-palmitate. Washout and uptake function curve analysis for total radioactivity (TR) was derived according to the expressions: TR = Fx integral of 0 infinity C(t) x dt and TR = Fx integral of 0 infinity (Css ...
Wyman J F - - 1992
Picric acid (2,4,6-trinitrophenol) is widely used in industry, by the military, and as a research/clinical chemistry reagent. Characterization of the toxicity of this chemical has been limited. Thus the acute toxicity, distribution, and metabolism of picric acid were investigated using Fischer 344 rats. The LD50 for picric acid following oral ...
Wahlberg G - - 1992
Effects of 6-week treatment with 4 g daily of nicotinic acid on fatty acid composition in different serum lipids and in adipose tissue glycerides were studied in 31 hyperlipidemic patients. The percentages of eight fatty acids in triglycerides, phospholipids and cholesteryl esters of whole plasma as well as in subcutaneous ...
Huang Y S - - 1992
The present study examined the effect of varying dietary linoleate intake (0.01, 0.24, 2.4, 24, 80 or 160 g/kg diet) for 24 weeks on the distribution of triacylglycerol (TG) molecular species in rat epididymal adipose tissue. Adipose TG fractions were purified by thin-layer chromatography and separated into different molecular species ...
Nilsson A - - 1992
A preferential incorporation of dietary arachidonic acid (20:4, n-6) into chyle lipoprotein phospholipids, a relative resistance of 20:4 esters of chyle triacylglycerol (TG) to hydrolysis by lipoprotein lipase, a preferential utilization of 20:4 for phospholipid acylation, and a low rate of oxidation of 20:4 are factors that may contribute to ...
Nakamura M T - - 1992
The effect of ethanol feeding on the essential fatty acid content of tissues has been contradictory. To define the effect, we analyzed fatty acid profiles in various tissues from five miniature pigs fed daily 105 kJ basal diet/kg body wt and 146 kJ ethanol/kg body wt, and also five control ...
Calder P C - - 1992
The fatty acid composition of triacylglycerols from fifteen distinct adipose depots taken from each of seven adult male human subjects was compared. Oleic, palmitic, linoleic, stearic, myristic, palmitoleic and vaccenic acids accounted for more than 90% of the triacylglycerol fatty acids in all sites from all subjects; a number of ...
González-Burgos I - - 1992
A variant Golgi technique was developed that consisted of substituting osmium tetroxide with formaldehyde as the initial fixative in intracardiac perfusion, along with the addition of glacial acetic acid to the chromating fluid. This procedure avoids disposal of dangerous waste substances into the environment. Other advantages include 1) reduction of ...
Kawasaki Y - - 1992
We have re-evaluated the content of the holo-form of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase in rat tissues. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase was found to consume pyridoxal 5'-phosphate while it underwent decarboxylation-dependent transamination as a side reaction. We observed that the total dopamine formation was proportional to the amount of holoenzyme. Dopamine ...
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