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Results 701 - 750 of 1457
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Headley J V - - 1995
A tandem mass spectrometry procedure, originally developed for bacterial biofilms was adapted for the identification of herbicide residues in lipid-rich tissue of amphipods collected from microcosms in a prairie wetland. For this application, the amounts of tissue employed (less than 1 mg wet weight), and detection of target analytes at ...
Ojika K - - 1995
This report concerns the demonstration of hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), its deacetylated analogue (free HCNP) and HCNP precursor protein in rat tissues. To avoid possible enzymatic degradation during sample manipulation, tissue extracts were prepared under acidic conditions using trifluoroacetic acid. The tissue contents of free HCNP and of precursor ...
Brandes R - - 1995
Nonmetabolizable fatty acids are shown here to induce adipose conversion of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes as well as to activate transcription of a reporter plasmid promoted by a peroxisome proliferators response element. This dual activity was also observed using the peroxisome proliferator bezafibrate or the differentiation inducer isobutyl methylxanthine. The data suggest ...
Raclot T - - 1995
Fatty acids have been shown to be selectively mobilized from rat white fat-cells, whatever the dietary manipulations. For convenience, fatty acids have been classified as being highly, weakly and moderately mobilizable. The aim of this study was to examine whether the selective mobilization of fatty acids can be explained, even ...
Raclot T - - 1995
This study extends our earlier work (T. Raclot and R. Groscolas. J. Lipid Res. 34: 1515-1526, 1993), which showed that, under norepinephrine-stimulated lipolysis, fatty acids of rat retroperitoneal fat cells are selectively mobilized. The present study examines whether this selective mobilization of fatty acids 1) is based on their proportions ...
Chajès V - - 1995
To assess the part that host fatty-acid supply and tumor-specific fatty-acid utilization contribute to the membrane lipid composition of tumor tissue, intra-individual comparisons of membrane fatty acids were carried out between breast-carcinoma tissue and non-tumorous breast tissue adjacent to the tumor and taken as reference. Phospholipids were purified by thin-layer ...
Liesman J S - - 1995
Lactating, primiparous Holstein cows were continuously infused for 63 d with either recombinant growth hormone-releasing factor or recombinant bST or were not infused (control). The releasing factor and bST treatments reduced fat synthesis from acetate and lipoprotein lipase activity in omental adipose tissue. Also, both treatments increased hormone-sensitive lipase activity ...
Raclot T - - 1995
This study extends our previous work (Raclot, T., and R. Groscolas. 1993. J. Lipid Res. 34: 1515-1526) which demonstrated that in the fed state fatty acids are selectively released from white adipocytes in vitro. It aims at determining whether such selectivity operates in vivo during energy depletion and has physiological ...
Corsaro C - - 1995
The susceptibility to lipoperoxidation in liver of albino and pigmented Xenopus laevis Daudin, has been studied. Albino Xenopus liver was richer in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) than the pigmented one; moreover, it was also richer in mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and in reduced glutathione (GSH). The thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) ...
Beilman G - - 1995
Oleic acid-induced lung injury, a well-described laboratory model for acute pulmonary injury in the rat and other species, causes morphologic and cellular changes similar to human adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Experiments were performed to test the hypothesis that the initial event of oleic acid lung injury is damage of ...
Cromer K D - - 1995
On the basis of earlier reports of reduced growth rate and fat accumulation in animals fed trans 18:1, a study was conducted to determine whether the effects of trans 18:1 on lipolysis and glucose utilization by adipocytes differed from effects of the cis isomer. Two experiments compared three fatty acid ...
Bell A W - - 1995
Conceptus energy and nitrogen demands in late pregnancy are mostly met by placental uptake of maternal glucose and amino acids. The resulting 30 to 50% increase in maternal requirements for these nutrients is met partly by increased voluntary intake and partly by an array of maternal metabolic adaptations. The latter ...
Lygre H - - 1995
Palatal biopsy specimens were obtained from patients with denture stomatitis. The fatty acids were extracted from the tissue, then separated, identified, and quantified by a gas-chromatographic technique. The sensitivity of this method enabled analyses of specimens with a wet weight of less than 1 mg. The concentration of the fatty ...
Kogevinas M - - 1995
We examined the effect of exposure to chemicals present in the production and spraying of phenoxy herbicides or chlorophenols in two nested case-control studies of soft tissue sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Eleven sarcoma and 32 lymphoma cases occurring within an international cohort were matched for age, sex, and country of ...
Arner P P Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Huddinge Hospital, - - 1995
A number of old and new techniques to study various aspects of white adipose tissue metabolism in vivo and in vitro are discussed. It is possible to determine lipolysis rates in vivo with tracer techniques using glycerol or fatty acids labelled with stable or radioactive isotopes. These methods allow the ...
Hansen L R - - 1995
In vitro measurements of metabolism were made in subcutaneous and perirenal adipose tissue (AT) and liver from prenatally androgenized ewe lambs (TE), control ewe lambs (CE), and control wether lambs (CW). In adipose tissue slices, release of glycerol or fatty acids into the medium was not different among treatments, but ...
Chen Z Y - - 1995
The objective of this study was to evaluate the composition of trans fatty acids in the subcutaneous fat of Canadians relative to the composition of dietary sources of trans fatty acids. The fatty acid composition, total trans acid content, and the geometric and positional isomer distribution of unsaturated fatty acids ...
Lang S - - 1995
Preprotachykinin B (PPT-B) contains two peptide sequences which are flanked by pairs of dibasic amino acids: the decapeptide neurokinin B and a 30 amino acid non-tachykinin peptide consisting of the amino acids 50-79 of PPT-B. Whereas the existence of neurokinin B is well established in brain and peripheral tissues, native ...
Khor E - - 1995
Porcine pericardium was impregnated with pyrrole or its derivative, sodium 4-(3-pyrrolyl)butanesulphonate (SPBS), by soaking the animal tissue in the monomer. Subsequent in situ chemical polymerization of the monomer-rich tissue using FeCl3 as initiator produced black polypyrrole-tissue hybrid biomaterials. The rate and extent of polymerization was found to be greater in ...
Mukhopadhyay T - - 1995
Retinoic acid transiently induced expression of high levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in the human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line H460a. Scatchard analysis revealed a 40-fold increase in the expression of EGFR on the cell surface of H460a cells within 48 h of treatment with 5 mu ...
López-Soriano J - - 1995
Intravenous administration of a single dose (100 micrograms/kg bw) of recombinant tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF, cachectin) to rats increased the rate of in vitro fatty acid synthesis in interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) from both glucose and alanine, without changes in the oxidation of these substrates to 14CO2. Lactate production ...
Aro A - - 1995
Dietary isomeric trans fatty acids-mainly produced by hydrogenation of oils-are suspected of increasing the risk of coronary heart disease. Dietary trans fatty acid intake is reflected in the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue. In an international multicentre study in eight European countries and Israel (EURAMIC), adipose tissue aspiration samples ...
Amri E Z - - 1995
Exposure of preadipocytes to long chain fatty acids induces expression of several gene markers of adipocyte differentiation. This report describes the cloning, from a preadipocyte library, of a cDNA encoding a fatty acid-activated receptor, FAAR. The cDNA had the characteristics and ligand-binding domains of nuclear hormone receptors and encoded a ...
Ailhaud G - - 1995
Fatty acids are important metabolic substrates for adipose tissue. In preadipose cells, fatty acids are also potent inducers of various genes encoding proteins directly involved in fatty acid metabolism. On a longer-term basis, fatty acids induce the terminal differentiation of preadipose to adipose cells. Fatty acids act primarily at a ...
Pow D V - - 1995
In this study, we show that specific antibodies can be raised against paraformaldehyde conjugates of amino acids, including the neurotransmitters glycine, gamma-amino-butyric acid and glutamate, and a non-neuroactive amino acid, glutamine. These antibodies against paraformaldehyde conjugates specifically detect the above amino acids in paraformaldehyde-fixed tissues. The penetration of antibodies into ...
Nishizaki T - - 1995
Total parenteral nutrition can be used to overcome amino acid imbalance in cancer patients. Because there is little documentation of treatment for amino acid imbalance in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we designed a study 1) to compare tissue levels of amino acids between HCC and the adjacent liver and ...
Frayn K N - - 1995
The enzymes lipoprotein lipase (LPL, EC 3.1.1.34) and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL, EC 3.1.1.3) apparently catalyze opposing functions in white adipose tissue: the former is concerned with fat storage, the latter with fat mobilization. We have studied their regulation in vivo in normal subjects in the postabsorptive state and after eating ...
Tang Z - - 1995
Calcification is the principal cause of failure of glutaraldehyde treated bioprosthetic heart valves. This article reports the crosslinkage of several polyglycidyl ethers. Calcification of yak pericardium with polyglycidyl ethers was significantly decreased compared with that crosslinked with glutaraldehyde. The process of calcification of crosslinked yak pericardium was studied using 21 ...
Seidelin K N - - 1995
Interest in studies of the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue has arised from the dietary fat-serum cholesterol-CHD issue. The fatty acid composition of depot fat reflects that of the diet. Gas chromatography analysis of subcutaneous adipose tissue yield objective and reliable information of the fatty acid composition of the ...
Groscolas R - - 1995
The potential involvement of individual fatty acids from diet or from adipose tissue in the outcome of cancer emphasizes the need for more insight into the relationship between fatty acids and tumor growth. The main objective of the present study was to examine whether rapid tumor growth would induce changes ...
Taraschewski H - - 1995
The fatty acid fingerprints of total lipid extracts from the four fish parasites Acanthocephalus lucii, Neoechinorhynchus rutili, Paratenuisentis ambiguus, and Pomphorhynchus laevis were investigated by capillary gas-liquid chromatography (GLC). The fatty acid patterns of the parasites were compared with those of their respective host tissue, viz., intestinal tract tissue of ...
Crespo A M - - 1995
The purpose of this work was to study plasma, adipose tissue, and liver fatty acids percentages of Wistar rats that drank water supplemented with several levels of sodium selenite for 1, 3, and 6 mo. In a general way, percentages of saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids of supplemented groups ...
Zancanaro C - - 1994
Brown adipose tissue and collagenase-isolated brown adipocytes were investigated in rats by means of 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. After chloroform-methanol extraction of brown adipose tissue, proton and natural abundance 13C spectra of the chloroform fraction showed resonances attributable to triglycerides, and were qualitatively similar to those of ...
Raclot T - - 1994
This study examines the incorporation of highly unsaturated n-3 fatty acids (HUFA) into triacylglycerols (TAG) of brown adipose tissue (BAT), and their effect on the positional distribution of saturated (SFA) and of unsaturated (UFA) 16- or 18-carbon fatty acids. To this end, rats were fed a fish oil diet for ...
Phinney S D - - 1994
Adipose tissue was obtained from six women undergoing liposuction twice at 6-mo intervals. Samples obtained bilaterally from abdomen, inner thigh, and outer thigh had fatty acids quantified by gas chromatography. There were no important differences between sides or over time. The saturates 14:0, 16:0, 18:0, and 20:0 were higher in ...
Moseman R F - - 1994
Elemental boron was isolated in 1808. It typically occurs in nature as borates hydrated with varying amounts of water. Important compounds are boric acid and borax. Boron compounds are also used in the production of metals, enamels, and glasses. In trace amounts, boron is essential for the growth of many ...
Pani A K - - 1994
The biosynthesis of catecholamines and indoleamines was investigated in the sea pansy Renilla koellikeri by radiochemical screening of tissue samples exposed in vivo to labelled amino acid precursors and analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrochemical detection. Incubation of sea pansy tissues in [3H]tyrosine resulted in substantial accumulation of ...
Sangalang G B - - 1994
Fresh interrenal tissue of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr transformed [3H]pregnenolone and [14C]progesterone, in vitro, to double-labeled cortisol and corticosterone with yields of less than 3% 3H and 5% 14C at 0-5 degrees, 8-10 degrees, and 22-24 degrees over various incubation periods. Incubations at 22-24 degrees gave the highest yields. ...
Rasmussen M - - 1994
Brain, liver, and adipose lipids were studied in the postmortem tissues of four adrenoleukodystrophy patients who had been treated with a mixture of glyceryl trioleate and trierucate oils ("Lorenzo's Oil") and compared to 7 untreated ALD patients and 3 controls. The dietary therapy appeared to reduce the levels of saturated ...
Eisemann J H - - 1994
The growth of peripheral tissues reflects the combined effect of endogenous and exogenous signals. Limits of endogenous signals are determined by genetics, which define a chronology of growth of individual tissues. Fractional synthesis rate of muscle also follows a chronology. Endogenous mediators are both systemic and local, with tissue response ...
Buckman B O - - 1994
In order to diagnose patients with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency with a noninvasive diagnostic technique such as positron emission tomography, we have developed a synthesis of [omega-11C]palmitic acid. The radiochemical synthesis was achieved by coupling an alkylfuran Grignard reagent (7) with [11C]methyl iodide, followed by rapid oxidative cleavage of the ...
Lalé A - - 1994
Endotoxin (LPS) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) increased the expression of tissue factor, a membrane-anchored glycoprotein that initiates blood coagulation on the surface of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human monocyte/macrophages. On monocyte/macrophages, oleic acid strongly inhibited LPS-induced tissue factor expression, a similar activity also being obtained ...
Foglia T A - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mobility of fatty acids in adipose tissue of the chicken and to determine whether adipose tissue dynamics are altered by dietary repartitioning agents. To this end, the turnover rates of fatty acids and triglycerides were estimated in adipose tissue of growing ...
Kurpad A V - - 1994
The effect of an infusion of norepinephrine (0.42 nmol.kg-1.min-1) on energy metabolism in the whole body (using indirect calorimetry and the arteriovenous forearm catheterization techniques in eight healthy young male adults. The activity of the triglyceride-fatty acid cycle, which mainly operates in nonmuscular tissues, was also assessed by measuring glycerol ...
Mamalakis G - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between Type A behavior and adipose tissue linoleic acid composition. METHODS: The sample consisted of 73 male and female Cretan adults, 23-64 years of age. Anthropometric and arterial blood pressure measurements were taken. Adipose tissue samples were collected ...
Hegedus Z L - - 1994
Homogentisic acid (HGA) spontaneously starts to undergo oxidation and polymerization soon after the beginning of incubation in human blood or plasma at 37 degrees C, and forms plasma soluble melanins (PSM). Haemolysis accompanies this process in blood. The addition of equimolar quantities of antioxidants delays this oxidation significantly (isoascorbic acid ...
Amri E Z - - 1994
Fatty acids are important metabolic substrates for adipose tissue and act, in preadipose cells, as potent inducers of various proteins directly involved in their metabolism. We have investigated the long-term effects of fatty acids on the conversion process of preadipose Ob1771 cells to adipose cells. Chronic exposure of cells to ...
Reid G - - 1994
Foster found areas with the highest incidence of SIDS in USA in 1983-1984 coincided with the highest areas recorded with the highest incidence of goitre in First World War troops (1). Reid compared the two populations described as having the highest incidence of SIDS worldwide. Both were selenium deficient areas ...
Frayn K N - - 1994
There is net outward flow of fatty acids from adipose tissue in the fasted state but net inward flow and storage in the postprandial state. We investigated how this is regulated. Arteriovenous differences were measured across a subcutaneous adipose depot in six normal subjects before and for 5 h after ...
Luzikov V N - - 1994
According to previous reports (Matocha M. F. and Waterman M. R. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 8672-8678 and (1986) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 250, 456-460) import of the cytochrome P450 (scc) precursor into mitochondria is tissue-specific. The present paper shows that in vitro synthesized bovine cytochrome P450 (scc) precursor can be ...
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