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Zilla P - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Due to its superb crosslinking activity, glutaraldehyde (GA) is still the most widely used fixative for bioprosthetic heart valves. At the same time, however, GA is also believed to be partly responsible for tissue calcification and the lack of surface re-endothelialization, both of which ...
Bakker N - - 1997
Animal and ecological studies suggest that linoleic acid intake is related to breast-cancer incidence. Analytical epidemiologic studies, however, do not support such findings. The primary objective of our ecological study was to investigate the association between breast-cancer incidence and linoleic acid status across European countries. In addition, other fatty acids ...
Bagga D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acids of the omega-6 (omega-6) class, as found in corn and safflower oils, can act as precursors for intermediates involved in the growth of mammary tumors when fed to animals, whereas polyunsaturated fatty acids of the omega-3 (omega-3) class, as found in fish oil, can inhibit these ...
Holmdahl L - - 1997
The fibrinolytic system is involved in the resolution of thrombi and in tissue repair. Quantitation of the activators and inhibitors of this system at tissue level is crucial to further characterise these processes. Hitherto, there have been difficulties in measuring the individual components of the plasmin system in human vascular ...
McIlroy B K - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Photooxidation of pericardium has been shown chemically to alter and stabilize tissue. The characterization of photooxidatively induced, chemical modifications of bovine pericardial and arterial tissue is reported here. METHODS: Tissues were prepared by various methods of photooxidation and analyzed for thermal denaturation temperature, protein ...
Nunez E A - - 1997
It is now clear from numerous data that non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) can act without any metabolic modification as second messengers or modulators of the complex signalling network which is characteristic of mammals. This network can respond differently to adapt the organism to the various endogenous and exogenous environmental situations. ...
Hall J A - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to characterize the lipid classes in hepatic and adipose tissues from cats with idiopathic hepatic lipidosis (IHL). Concentrations of triglyceride, phospholipid phosphorus, and free and total cholesterol were determined in lipid extracts of liver homogenates from 5 cats with IHL and 5 healthy control ...
Speake B K - - 1997
The aim of this study was to determine the relative mobilisation of the different fatty acyl components of the triacylglycerol (TAG) of the chick embryo's adipose tissue in the light of the specific requirements of the developing neural tissues of the embryo for C20-22 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Pieces of adipose ...
Petrek J A - - 1997
PURPOSE: Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue is an indicator of the long-term ingestion pattern of several specific fatty acids. There is good correlation of antecedent diet with the essential fatty acids, and there is reflection of the diet with the fatty acids that can be synthesized. The relationship between ...
Raclot T - - 1997
Fatty acids are selectively released from white fat cells in accordance with well-defined rules relating their molecular structure and their mobilization rate, emphasizing the possible role of their physicochemical properties. Lipolysis is widely reported to work for conditions where only small amounts of substrate are available. We hypothesize that the ...
Niot I - - 1997
During the last years, the direct involvement of lipidic nutrients in the regulation of genes has been established. Fatty acids may induce or repress the transcription rate of several genes involved in both lipid and carbohydrate metabolisms. Gene up-regulation has been found in various tissues including liver, adipose tissue and ...
Groscolas R - - 1997
This study was conducted to determine whether there is selective mobilization of fatty acids from brown adipose tissue. Rats were fed a fish-oil diet and then fasted for 0, 7, or 10 days followed by analysis of the fatty acid content and composition of triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipid (PL) in ...
Cogo P E - - 1997
Lipolysis has been measured in humans by means of stable isotope techniques using labeled palmitic acid (PA) or glycerol as tracers. If other fatty acids (FA) such as linoleic acid (LLA) have the same rate of appearance (Ra) as PA and therefore contribute equally to oxidative and nonoxidative metabolism is ...
Ma J - - 1997
Protection of wildlife and in particular migratory birds, which are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, from cyanide waste in and around gold mining operations is an important environmental issue. We have investigated the bioenergetic effects of sublethal peroral cyanide exposure using the mallard duck (Anus platyrhynchos) as a ...
Thomas E L - - 1997
We investigated adipose tissue fatty acid composition in 22 moderately to severely malnourished patients with cirrhosis and in 22 healthy volunteers by in vivo carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) of adipose tissue samples was also performed in 11 of the patients and in 4 volunteers. In vivo ...
Morin F - - 1997
Electron microscopic investigations of the fine circuitry of human central nervous system require a well-preserved tissue ultrastructure. Because the deterioration of subcellular structures occurs rapidly in postmortem human brain, the use of a fixation by immersion of surgically resected human nervous tissue would be advantageous to investigate directly its synaptic ...
Stankiewicz B A - - 1997
Flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (py-GC/MS) was used to assess the quality and mechanism of protein preservation in the tissue of Iron Age bog bodies from Lindow, UK, and south-eastern Drenthe, The Netherlands. Abundant pyrolysis products of the fresh skin tissue, including 2,5-diketopiperazines of Pro-Gly, Pro-Ala, Pro-Val, Pro-Pro and Hyp, were ...
Yam D - - 1997
The relationships between the fatty acid composition of cancerous endometrium and ovary, and peripheral adipose tissues were studied in Israeli Jewish women, and are presented together since no differences were shown between them. The results suggest a mobilization of linoleic acid from subcutaneous and omental depots and its incorporation into ...
Kimpe J D - - 1996
The time-dependent occurrence of [74As]arsenate metabolites in Flemish Giant rabbits was investigated. As absorbed rapidly, reaching maximal concentrations in plasma and packed cells after 30 min and 2 hr, respectively. The [74As]arsenate in plasma and packed cells was reduced to [74As]arsenite, to 35 and 50% of the total 74As, respectively. ...
Struyk L - - 1996
To gain insight into the nature of the immune response with respect to accumulation and composition of the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in synovial tissue in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we have determined the nucleotide sequence of TCRBV regions transcribed by T lymphocytes derived from synovial tissue. Synovial tissue was obtained ...
Manganaro A M - - 1996
The purpose of the present study is to test the possibility that oleic acid might increase the permeability of buccal mucosa and thereby facilitate transmucosal drug delivery. Propranolol, a commonly used beta-blocking agent, was chosen as the model drug, and propylene glycol was chosen as a vehicle in which both ...
Godley P A - - 1996
Animal studies have suggested that omega-6 fatty acids found in vegetable oils may promote prostate cancer. Our goal was to use erythrocyte membrane and adipose tissue fatty acid composition as biomarkers to investigate whether essential fatty acids modulated prostate cancer risk. An outpatient clinic-based study of 89 cases and 38 ...
Soriguer Escofet F J - - 1996
We studied interrelations between the size and number of fat cells and the composition of fatty acids in 96 boys from birth to 9 years of age. The size of fat cells increased during the first months of life and decreased over the second 6 months, in parallel with the ...
Lladó I - - 1996
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of cafeteria feeding on the composition of fatty acids in retroperitoneal fat pad and also to determine what happens to fatty acids when rats previously fed the cafeteria diet are returned to regular rat chow. The study of the post-cafeteria ...
Civelek V N - - 1996
The main function of white adipose tissue is to store nutrient energy in the form of triglycerides. The mechanism by which free fatty acids (FFA) move into and out of the adipocyte has not been resolved. We show here that changes in intracellular pH (pH1) in adipocytes correlate with the ...
Samra J S - - 1996
We studied changes in lipid metabolism in adipose tissue in 24 healthy adults during early starvation (14-20 h) by cannulating the venous drainage of the subcutaneous adipose tissue of the anterior abdominal wall. Net nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) efflux from adipose tissue increased steadily from 1,790 +/- 300 to 2,360 ...
Farkas K - - 1996
Triacylglycerols from the initial yolk and from the adipose tissue of the chick embryo were subjected high-performance liquid chromatography in the silver ion mode to resolve molecular species of triacylglycerol on the basis of the degree of unsaturation. A total of 12 such species was resolved from the yolk samples, ...
Halliwell K J - - 1996
The objective of this study was to investigate the mobilization of individual fatty acids from human subcutaneous adipose tissue in vivo. Concentrations of individual non-esterified fatty acids were measured in arterialized plasma and in the venous drainage from subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue in eight normal subjects, after an overnight fast, ...
Wang F C - - 1996
A pyrolysis gas chromatography (Py-GC) technique has been used for the qualitative analysis of fumaric acid and itaconic acid as low-level monomers polymerized with other major monomers in emulsion polymers. In order for fumaric acid and itaconic acid to be detected through pyrolysis, the acids are derivatized with primary amines ...
Dudda A - - 1996
Infarcted porcine heart tissue and surrounding tissue were investigated for the content of plasmalogens and oxidatively derived corresponding alpha-hydroxyaldehydes as well as for products of lipid peroxidation, e.g. malondialdehyde, glyoxal, 2-hydroxyheptanal and oxygenated fatty acids. Oxidation products of unsaturated fatty acids and plasmalogens were accumulated in infarcted tissue compared to ...
Jones B H - - 1996
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) is a key regulatory enzyme in the synthesis of unsaturated fatty acids. Although regulation of hepatic SCD by obesity and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been well investigated, no studies have addressed whether similar regulation occurs in adipose tissue. We addressed these questions by feeding control (12% ...
Faas F H - - 1996
PURPOSE: To study the mechanism of diminished arachidonic acid levels in malignant prostatic tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Benign and malignant prostate tissues were obtained from human radical prostatectomy specimens and from rats using Pollard's Lobund/Wistar rat prostate cancer model. Fatty acid composition and a variety of enzyme activities involved in ...
Kagawa M - - 1996
In a new attempt at species identification, the total composition and positional distribution of fatty acid in triacylglyceride (TG) of adipose and bone tissues were analyzed in human, bovine, pig, dog, cat and chicken tissues. Although the total fatty acid compositions of bovine and pig tissues were significantly different from ...
Kaneshiro T - - 1996
Newly isolated Acinetobacter (NRRL B-14920, B-14921, B-14923) and coryneform (NRRL B-14922) strains accumulated oleyl oleate and homologous liquid wax esters (C30:2-C36:2) in culture broths. Diunsaturated oleyl oleate preponderated in 75 mg liquid wax esters (280 mg lipid extract) recovered from 100-ml cultures of Acinetobacter B-14920 supplemented with 810 mg oleic ...
Huerta-Leidenz N O - - 1996
The objective of this investigation was to compare fatty acid composition of calves from Bos taurus and Bos indicus cows across different stages of growth. Hereford (H) and Brahman (B) embryos were transferred to H or B cows (n = 58) to produce purebred Brahman (BB), purebred Hereford (HH), Hereford ...
Ohno T - - 1996
The effects of cold acclimation and repetitive intermittent immobilization were examined on fatty acid (FA) compositions in phospholipids of rat interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) and plasma. As previously reported, cold acclimation and intermittent immobilization increased the degree of unsaturation as a whole in FAs of BAT but not in ...
Schoen R E RE Division of Gastroenterology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, - - 1996
To determine whether intra-abdominal adipose tissue differs from subcutaneous adipose tissue in fatty acid content. Cross-sectional study of patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy, with adipose tissue sampling from subcutaneous, omental, mesenteric and retroperitoneal sites. Nineteen subjects, 8 men and 11 women, with a mean age of 64 (range 39-80), mean weight ...
Růzicka M - - 1996
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) mitochondria were incubated with the azido derivative of fatty acid (hexadecanoic) containing four tritium atoms, [3H]AzHA, and among all mitochondrial proteins only a few proteins were photolabelled after irradiation with UV. It suggests the existence of specific fatty acid binding sites on mitochondrial proteins. It was ...
Clandinin M T - - 1996
Genetically obese (ob/ob) mice display a variety of metabolic differences from lean litter mates. In the obese state, fatty acid desaturation-elongation in brown adipose tissue mitochondria is apparently altered, resulting in differences in membrane fatty acid composition. This change in membrane lipid environment appears to influence GDP binding and therefore ...
Cigolini M - - 1996
In this study the authors examined the relationships of plasma factor VII (F-VII) to adipose tissue fatty acid composition, as an objective index of the habitual dietary fat intake, as well as to a number of other atherogenic risk factors in 60 healthy male volunteers (aged 38 years). Significant positive ...
Farkas K - - 1996
The development of adipose tissue in the chick embryo was investigated using two groups of fertile eggs which differed by 1.7-fold in their initial yolk lipid levels. The triacylglycerol content of the subcutaneous adipose depot in both groups increased dramatically from day 12 of the 21-day embryonic period, attaining a ...
Cunnane S C - - 1996
As a noninvasive method, in vivo 13C nuclear magnetic resonance has potentially important applications in understanding the metabolism of long chain fatty acids in organs of living humans. At present, this methodology is most advanced for research on glucose utilization. However, the main 13C signals visible in vivo are from ...
Thomas E L - - 1996
13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a noninvasive technique used in the study of lipids. We applied 13C MRS to assess the effects of long-term dietary variation on adipose tissue composition in humans. In vivo 13C MRS was used to analyze the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue in 88 ...
Godley P A - - 1996
Results from animal studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids from marine sources are protective against cancer. To determine whether adipose tissue and erythrocyte membrane fatty acid composition could serve as biomarkers of essential fatty acid consumption in subjects with prostate cancer, we compared fish consumption, which was estimated using a ...
Conner W E - - 1996
Are the different fatty acids mobilized into plasma in proportion to their concentrations in adipose tissue triglyceride? To answer this question, we fed weaning rabbits a special diet to label the fat stores with a variety of dietary fatty acids. The release of adipose tissue fatty acids into the plasma ...
Hellerstein M K - - 1996
The enzymatic pathway for synthesis of fatty acids from acetyl-coenzyme A, or de novo lipogenesis (DNL), is present in human liver and, to a lesser extent, in adipose tissue. Although the molecular and enzymatic regulation of the components for DNL are well characterized, the quantitative importance of the assembled pathway ...
Dolynchuk K N - - 1996
Immunohistochemical staining with monoclonal antibody to tissue transglutaminase was used to study cryostat sections of human skin wounds. The enzyme was found in acute wounds and chronic hypertrophic scars but not in normal mature scars. Because tissue transglutaminase is responsible for the formation of isopeptide cross-links, a two-stage high-performance liquid ...
da Silva M H - - 1996
To examine the relationship between the type of dietary fat on liver and adipose tissue metabolism, in this study, fresh weight, protein, DNA, lipid content, and rate of lipogenesis from 3H2O of liver and retroperitoneal (RET) and epididymal (EPI) adipose tissues were assessed in rats fed polyunsaturated omega-6 (PUFA), saturated ...
Guitart R - - 1996
A simple and rapid method was developed for the simultaneous determination of fatty acids, organochlorine pesticides, and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners in the same sample in order to explore possible connections between levels of contaminants and fatty acid composition. The method was applied to samples of melon, cerebrum, cerebellum, lung, ...
Käkelä R - - 1996
Site-specific differences in fatty acid composition of adipose tissues from Finnish beavers (Castor canadensis and Castor fiber) and muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus) were studied by gas liquid chromatography. In the total lipids of heterothermic extremities the proportions of potentially endogenous (delta 9-desaturated) monoenoic fatty acids were 1.5-fold and those of the ...
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